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Abbreviation: AFB
Appearance Frequency: 1607 time(s)
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
acid-fast bacilli
(1219 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(210 times)
TB (342 times)
PCR (111 times)
Mtb (89 times)
1975 A study of the cerebrospinal fluid in atypical presentations of tuberculous meningitis.
American foulbrood
(83 times)
Microbiology
(33 times)
MIC (5 times)
P. larvae (5 times)
MICs (3 times)
2002 Differentiation of Paenibacillus larvae subsp. larvae, the cause of American foulbrood of honeybees, by using PCR and restriction fragment analysis of genes encoding 16S rRNA.
acetate-free biofiltration
(60 times)
Nephrology
(39 times)
HD (13 times)
HDF (12 times)
BD (10 times)
1990 [Biofiltration without buffering substances in the dialysate].
autofluorescence bronchoscopy
(57 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(23 times)
WLB (29 times)
CIS (7 times)
EBUS (6 times)
1999 Autofluorescence Detection of Bronchial Tumors With the D-Light/AF.
aortofemoral bypass
(36 times)
General Surgery
(32 times)
AIOD (7 times)
CI (5 times)
AAA (4 times)
1985 Vascular distensibility and vascular surgery.
age at first birth
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
CI (3 times)
BCSS (2 times)
DCIS (2 times)
1982 Association of breast cancer risk with age at first and subsequent births: a study in the population of the Estonian Republic.
Air Force Base
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
TCE (3 times)
BAt (1 time)
BTEX (1 time)
1992 Distributional records from the U.S. Air Force ovitrapping program--1991.
aflatoxin B
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
CPA (2 times)
MN (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
1979 Interaction of the aflatoxins with classical antibiotics which inhibit Bacillus brevis (2611).
AF burden
(12 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
AF (9 times)
PAF (4 times)
AT (3 times)
2009 A preliminary assessment of the effects of ATI-2042 in subjects with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation using implanted pacemaker methodology.
10  American foulbrood disease
(9 times)
Zoology
(3 times)
GML (1 time)
MIC (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
1996 Laboratory and field studies on the effects of the antibiotic tylosin on honey bee Apis mellifera L. (Hymenoptera: Apidae) development and prevention of American foulbrood disease.
11  anaerobic fluidized bed
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
HRT (3 times)
UASB (2 times)
AF (1 time)
1997 Thermophilic anaerobic degradation of distillery wastewater in continuous-flow fluidized bed bioreactors.
12  airway foreign bodies
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
CT (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2007 Scarf pins sharp metallic tracheobronchial foreign bodies: presentation and management.
13  AUXIN SIGNALING F-BOX
(4 times)
Botany
(2 times)
TIR1 (3 times)
ABP1 (1 time)
E3s (1 time)
2006 Auxin signaling.
14  acid fast bacilli strain
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
MSO (1 time)
PPD (1 time)
1990 [Tuberculosis serodiagnosis, ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) and different mycobacterial antigens].
15  ability-focused battery
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
--- 2010 Diagnostic efficiency of an ability-focused battery.
16  ability-focused neuropsychological battery
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
HRB (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2008 Sensitivity to brain dysfunction of the Halstead-Reitan vs an ability-focused neuropsychological battery.
17  acid-fast bacilli smear microscopy
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
TB (2 times)
LAM (1 time)
QFT-G (1 time)
2014 Diagnostic accuracy of a point-of-care urine test for tuberculosis screening among newly-diagnosed HIV-infected adults: a prospective, clinic-based study.
18  afatinib
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2016 A Spectroscopic Approach to Investigate the Molecular Interactions between the Newly Approved Irreversible ErbB blocker "Afatinib" and Bovine Serum Albumin.
19  after full bloom
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
dw (2 times)
FW (2 times)
ABA (1 time)
1999 Changes of Respiration Rate, Ethylene Evolution, and Abscisic Acid Content in Developing Inflorescence and Young Fruit of Olive (Olea europaea L. cv. Konservolia).
20  anaerobic fermentative bacteria
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
DNB (2 times)
HPAB (2 times)
MB (2 times)
2003 Influences of quinclorac on culturable microorganisms and soil respiration in flooded paddy soil.
21  aortobifemoral
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
TEA (1 time)
1998 Operative results and outcome of twenty-four totally laparoscopic vascular procedures for aortoiliac occlusive disease.
22  aspirated foreign body
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
FBA (1 time)
FBs (1 time)
1999 Tracheobronchial foreign bodies: presentation and management in children and adults.
23  atrial fibrillation burden
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
AV (1 time)
RV (1 time)
2011 The relationship between right ventricular pacing and atrial fibrillation burden and disease progression in patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation: the long-MinVPACE study.
24  autologous fresh blood
(2 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
AFBT (1 time)
Hct (1 time)
PPSFH (1 time)
1987 [Clinical use of autologous frozen blood in the surgery of three esophageal cancer patients].
25  Auxin F-Box
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
TIR1 (2 times)
IAA (1 time)
2014 Defining binding efficiency and specificity of auxins for SCF(TIR1/AFB)-Aux/IAA co-receptor complex formation.
26  auxin signaling F-box protein
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ARF (1 time)
ATHB (1 time)
NAA (1 time)
2017 Auxin Information Processing; Partners and Interactions beyond the Usual Suspects.
27  4-azido-2,3,5,6-tetrafluoro-benzoic acid
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
PDMS (1 time)
2010 Candida albicans biofilm formation on peptide functionalized polydimethylsiloxane.
28  above the 5' face of the modified
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 Mispairing of the 8,9-dihydro-8-(N7-guanyl)-9-hydroxy-aflatoxin B1 adduct with deoxyadenosine results in extrusion of the mismatched dA toward the major groove.
29  acetate-free bath
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
BD (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2008 Induction of NO synthase 2 in ventricular cardiomyocytes incubated with a conventional bicarbonate dialysis bath.
30  acetate-free biofiltration with a constant K(+) dialysate concentration
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Simple model of intra-extracellular potassium kinetics and removal applied to constant and potassium-profiled dialysis.
31  Acid Fast Bacilli staining
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
LJ (1 time)
MX (1 time)
2000 Polymerase chain reaction in the diagnosis of tuberculosis.
32  acid-alcohol fast bacilli
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
LJ (1 time)
2001 Buruli ulcer in Malawi - a first report.
33  acid-fast bacillary staining
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
HHC (1 time)
2005 Infection by Mycobacterium leprae of household contacts of lepromatous leprosy patients from a post-elimination leprosy region of Colombia.
34  Acid-Fast Bacilli Test
(1 time)
Respiratory Tract Diseases
(1 time)
ATT (1 time)
Mtb (1 time)
PTB (1 time)
2016 Prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis in young adult patients with Type 1 diabetes mellitus in India.
35  Acid-fast bacteria Ziehl-Neelsen stain
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
EGD (1 time)
PPD (1 time)
2014 Peritoneal tuberculosis mimicking peritoneal carcinomatosis.
36  acid-fast stained bacilli
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
FNA (1 time)
NTM (1 time)
TB (1 time)
2012 Zoonotic transmission of tuberculosis between pastoralists and their livestock in South-East Ethiopia.
37  Acid‑Fast Bacilli
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Learning curve for endobronchial ultrasound‑guided transbronchial needle aspiration: experience of a community‑based teaching hospital.
38  acoustofluidic bioreactor
(1 time)
Microfluidic Analytical Techniques
(1 time)
--- 2019 Generation of functional hepatocyte 3D discoids in an acoustofluidic bioreactor.
39  Add fast bacilli
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
TB (1 time)
2002 FINE NEEDLE ASPIRATION CYTOLOGY OF LYMPH NODES IN HIV INFECTED PATIENTS.
40  aerated fixed bed
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
APS (1 time)
UASB (1 time)
2007 Feasibility study of a pilot-scale sewage treatment system combining an up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) and an aerated fixed bed (AFB) reactor at ambient temperature.
41  aerobic and facultative bacteria
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 1989 Effect of encapsulated Bacteroides asaccharolyticus and Bacteroides fragilis on the growth of aerobic and facultative bacteria in mixed infections.
42  AF burden score
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
LA (1 time)
PVI (1 time)
2019 Burden-based classification of atrial fibrillation predicts multiple-procedure success of pulmonary vein isolation.
43  AFB smears
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
MDL (1 time)
UCIMC (1 time)
1999 Comparison of direct and concentrated acid-fast smears to identify specimens culture positive for Mycobacterium spp.
44  AFB with constant potassium
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CMAP (1 time)
2007 Experimental therapies in renal replacement: the effect of two different potassium acetate-free biofiltration protocols on striated muscle fibers.
45  aflibercept
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BVC (1 time)
hTFs (1 time)
RNB (1 time)
2016 The Antiproliferative Effect of Bevacizumab on Human Tenon Fibroblasts Is Not Mediated by Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Inhibition.
46  age at first breeding
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
AFC (1 time)
AI (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2009 Effect of growth and development during the rearing period on the subsequent fertility of nulliparous Holstein-Friesian heifers.
47  age at the birth of her first child
(1 time)
Social Behavior
(1 time)
AAM (1 time)
MGM (1 time)
PGM (1 time)
2012 Conditional grandmother effects on age at marriage, age at first birth, and completed fertility of daughters and daughters-in-law in historical Krummhorn.
48  age of the first broody cycle
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 Broodiness, egg production, and correlations between broody traits in an indigenous chicken breed.
49  alcohol-fast bacillus
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
NTM (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2014 Neutrophil CD64 for monitoring the activity of nontuberculous mycobacteria infection in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
50  allogenic deep-frozen cortical bone
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ACB (1 time)
DBM (1 time)
1982 Experimental spinal fusion with decalcified bone matrix and deep-frozen allogeneic bone in rabbits.
51  amaranth flour blend
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AnPEP (1 time)
GF (1 time)
2018 Amaranth addition to enzymatically modified wheat flour improves dough functionality, bread immunoreactivity and quality.
52  American Foulbrood Disease of honey bees
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2010 In vitro growth-inhibitory effect of plant-derived extracts and compounds against Paenibacillus larvae and their acute oral toxicity to adult honey bees.
53  ammonia-based flow battery
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2016 A Thermally-Regenerative Ammonia-Based Flow Battery for Electrical Energy Recovery from Waste Heat.
54  ammonium tetrafluoroberyllate
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2004 Structure of incommensurate ammonium tetrafluoroberyllate studied by structure refinements and the maximum entropy method.
55  anaerobic fluidized bed reactor
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ABR (1 time)
AnMBR (1 time)
ASBR (1 time)
2014 Energy positive domestic wastewater treatment: the roles of anaerobic and phototrophic technologies.
56  anterior forebrain
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Lack of the murine homeobox gene Hesx1 leads to a posterior transformation of the anterior forebrain.
57  anthracnose foliar blight
(1 time)
Ces (1 time)
PDA (1 time)
2008 First Report of Colletotrichum cereale Causing Anthracnose Foliar Blight of Creeping Bentgrass in Mississippi and Alabama.
58  antibiotic-free broiler
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
CK (1 time)
ESBL (1 time)
2017 Comparison of the isolation rates and characteristics of Salmonella isolated from antibiotic-free and conventional chicken meat samples.
59  aortofemoral bypass grafting
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ASHD (1 time)
FAAs (1 time)
RFAA (1 time)
1988 Recurrent femoral anastomotic aneurysms. A 30-year experience.
60  Appropriateness of Fantasies about the Baby-to be
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CFP (1 time)
FOM (1 time)
1980 Measuring identification with the mothering role.
61  Army Field Bandage
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
FSD (1 time)
QC (1 time)
2005 Comparison of hemorrhage control agents applied to lethal extremity arterial hemorrhages in swine.
62  Army gauze field bandage
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
ACS (1 time)
HC (1 time)
QCG (1 time)
2007 Comparison of a new hemostatic agent to current combat hemostatic agents in a Swine model of lethal extremity arterial hemorrhage.
63  artificial floating-bed
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
C. alternifolius (1 time)
C. generalis (1 time)
2019 Allelopathic Effects on Microcystis aeruginosa and Allelochemical Identification in the Cuture Solutions of Typical Artificial Floating-Bed Plants.
64  Asymmetric fan beams
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
FBT (1 time)
HT (1 time)
2004 Asymmetric fan beams (AFB) for improvement of the craniocaudal dose distribution in helical tomotherapy delivery.
65  atrial fibrillation ablation
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CFAEs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CPVI (1 time)
2008 [Incidence, risk factors and management of pericardial effusion post radiofrequency catheter ablation in patients with atrial fibrillations].
66  Atrial fibrillation burden score
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2018 Left atrial anatomy, atrial fibrillation burden, and P-wave duration-relationships and predictors for single-procedure success after pulmonary vein isolation.
67  atrial fibrillation with bradycardia
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AVB (1 time)
CP (1 time)
OI (1 time)
1992 The prevalence of diabetes mellitus and other risk factors of atherosclerosis in bradycardia requiring pacemaker treatment.
68  attenuated frequency band
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2015 Dynamic representation of spectral edges in guinea pig primary auditory cortex.
69  Audit feedback
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
2008 Closing the audit loop is necessary to achieve compliance with evidence-based guidelines in the management of acute pancreatitis.
70  austere foreign body
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
EDs (1 time)
FB (1 time)
RFBs (1 time)
2019 Austere Foreign Body Injuries in Children and Adolescents: A Characterization of Penile, Rectal, and Vaginal Injuries Presenting to Emergency Departments in the United States From 2008 to 2017.
71  auxin-related F-box
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ABP1 (1 time)
2013 Auxin-binding protein 1 is a negative regulator of the SCF(TIR1/AFB) pathway.
72  axillo-femoral bypass operations
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 1984 [Axillo-femoral bypass using PTFE. Early and secondary results. 104 patients].
73  Signaling F-Box
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
ABP1 (1 time)
ROP (1 time)
TIR (1 time)
2015 ROP GTPase-mediated auxin signaling regulates pavement cell interdigitation in Arabidopsis thaliana.