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Abbreviation: AFD
Appearance Frequency: 353 time(s)
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Anderson-Fabry disease
(96 times)
Cardiology
(30 times)
ERT (16 times)
LVH (16 times)
HCM (10 times)
1978 Histopathology and electron and immunofluorescence microscopy of gingivitis granulomatosa associated with glossitis and cheilitis in a case of Anderson-Fabry disease.
appropriate-for-date
(30 times)
Pediatrics
(10 times)
SFD (11 times)
LFD (10 times)
HFD (4 times)
1975 Nutrition in low-birth-weight infants. III. Lipolysis and free fatty acid elimination after intravenous administration of fat emulsion.
acrofacial dysostosis
(19 times)
Genetics, Medical
(13 times)
CGH (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1989 Postaxial acrofacial dysostosis: report of a Brazilian patient.
age at first drink
(17 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(15 times)
CI (2 times)
AD (1 time)
AFG (1 time)
2001 Origins and consequences of age at first drink. I. Associations with substance-use disorders, disinhibitory behavior and psychopathology, and P3 amplitude.
ameloblastic fibrodentinoma
(11 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
AF (3 times)
AFO (1 time)
DCO (1 time)
1997 Mixed odontogenic tumours and odontomas. Considerations on interrelationship. Review of the literature and presentation of 134 new cases of odontomas.
average-for-dates
(11 times)
Pediatrics
(10 times)
LFD (10 times)
SFD (10 times)
1981 Proportionality and gender in small-for-dates and large-for-dates babies.
average fiber diameter
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
CFW (2 times)
SBS (2 times)
ASMs (1 time)
1994 Evaluation of the optical fibre diameter analyser (OFDA) for measuring fiber diameter parameters of sheep and goats.
apparent fibre density
(9 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
DTI (3 times)
MRI (3 times)
WM (3 times)
2012 Apparent Fibre Density: a novel measure for the analysis of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance images.
acculturative family distancing
(7 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
BC (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
2006 Acculturative family distancing: Theory, research, and clinical practice.
10  acute fetal distress
(7 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
CB (1 time)
CFD (1 time)
CP (1 time)
1981 [Acute fetal distress and mental retardation. A prospective study (author's transl)].
11  antiferrodistortive
(6 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
FE (2 times)
AFE (1 time)
STEM (1 time)
2011 Interplay of couplings between antiferrodistortive, ferroelectric, and strain degrees of freedom in monodomain PbTiO3/SrTiO3 superlattices.
12  apparent fecal digestibility
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
aa (2 times)
AID (2 times)
CP (2 times)
1985 Methods of measuring energy utilization in broilers: effect of genetic line and presence of supplemental dietary fat.
13  acetate-free bicarbonate dialysis
(5 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
ACD (3 times)
CRP (2 times)
HD (2 times)
1998 Substitution of acetic acid for hydrochloric acid in the bicarbonate buffered dialysate.
14  acoustic flame detector
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
LC (2 times)
SFC (2 times)
FID (1 time)
1996 Acoustic flame detector for gas chromatography.
15  African descent
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
CAU (4 times)
COX (2 times)
NFCI (2 times)
2014 The effect of ethnicity on the vascular responses to cold exposure of the extremities.
16  amniotic fluid discordance
(5 times)
Obstetrics
(5 times)
TTTS (4 times)
MVP (2 times)
sIUGR (2 times)
2013 The use of amniotic fluid discordance in the early second trimester to predict severe twin-twin transfusion syndrome.
17  adaptive Fourier decomposition
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
CR (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
PRD (1 time)
2015 A Novel ECG Data Compression Method Using Adaptive Fourier Decomposition With Security Guarantee in e-Health Applications.
18  anti-factor D
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
GA (3 times)
AP (1 time)
FD (1 time)
2014 Complement inhibition in cynomolgus monkeys by anti-factor d antigen-binding fragment for the treatment of an advanced form of dry age-related macular degeneration.
19  axial frequency distribution
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
RDF (2 times)
RMSD (2 times)
RMSF (2 times)
1999 Allele frequency distributions of six Amp-FLPS (D1S80, APO-B, VWA, TH01, CSF1PO and HPRTB) in a Mexican population.
20  abdominal fat deposition
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
EAA (2 times)
FE (2 times)
Glu (2 times)
1989 Male broiler performance during the starting and growing periods as affected by dietary protein, essential amino acids, and potassium levels.
21  Alcoholic foamy degeneration
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
ALD (1 time)
1989 Alcoholic foamy degeneration in Spain. Prevalence and clinico-pathological features.
22  Angle-resolved fluorescence depolarization
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CSL (1 time)
DLPC (1 time)
DMPC (1 time)
1989 The membrane fluidity concept revisited by polarized fluorescence spectroscopy on different model membranes containing unsaturated lipids and sterols.
23  ano-fourchette distance
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
AGD (3 times)
ASD (3 times)
DR-CALUX (1 time)
2010 Measurement and correlates of ano-genital distance in healthy, newborn infants.
24  anterior femoral distance
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
FAI (3 times)
AFD-US (1 time)
ICCs (1 time)
2009 Cam-type femoral-acetabular impingement: is the alpha angle the best MR arthrography has to offer?
25  automated feeder detection
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
DSA (2 times)
HCC (2 times)
TACE (2 times)
2014 Ultraselective transcatheter arterial chemoembolization for small hepatocellular carcinoma guided by automated tumor-feeders detection software: technical success and short-term tumor response.
26  aerosol flame deposition
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
MB (1 time)
PDP (1 time)
2008 Synthesis of carbon containing TiO2 nano powders by aerosol flame deposition for photocatalyst.
27  AF duration
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ACh (1 time)
AF (1 time)
BMV (1 time)
2002 Management of persistent atrial fibrillation following balloon mitral valvotomy: safety and efficacy of low-dose amiodarone.
28  airway fractal dimension
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
COPD (2 times)
HR (1 time)
2018 Airway fractal dimension predicts respiratory morbidity and mortality in COPD.
29  antifibrinolytic drugs
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
SAH (2 times)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
1987 Predicting cerebral ischemia after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage: influences of clinical condition, CT results, and antifibrinolytic therapy. A report of the Cooperative Aneurysm Study.
30  appropriate-weight for date
(2 times)
Environmental Pollutants
(1 time)
LBW (1 time)
SFD (1 time)
1977 Velocity of head growth during the perinatal period.
31  arginine-free diet
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ACD (1 time)
IUGR (1 time)
L-NAME (1 time)
1991 Guanidino compound metabolism in arginine-free diet induced hyperammonemia.
32  atopiform dermatitis
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
AE (1 time)
TARC (1 time)
2008 Clinical differences between atopic and atopiform dermatitis.
33  automated food dispenser
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
MTG (2 times)
VAS (2 times)
5-HT (1 time)
1987 Receptor blocking drugs and amphetamine anorexia in human subjects.
34  automated frozen disruption
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
MH (1 time)
2006 Pre-extraction sample handling by automated frozen disruption significantly improves subsequent proteomic analyses.
35  abdominal fat depot
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
GIT (1 time)
1989 Restricted feeding in early and late-feathering chickens. 3. Organ size and carcass composition.
36  abdominal fat distribution
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Validation of a semi-automated technique to accurately measure abdominal fat distribution using CT and MRI for clinical risk stratification.
37  Acetate-free dialysis
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
HD (1 time)
HDF (1 time)
2015 Improved survival associated with acetate-free haemodialysis in elderly: a registry-based study.
38  acid solution for parenteral nutrition
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
--- 2005 Evaluation of a glycine-rich amino acid solution for parenteral nutrition in endotoxemic rats.
39  Acoustic Fish Deterrent
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 2005 The inner ear morphology and hearing abilities of the Paddlefish (Polyodon spathula) and the Lake Sturgeon (Acipenser fulvescens).
40  active flexion degree
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
KOA (1 time)
NHP (1 time)
QMS (1 time)
2006 Balneotherapy and tap water therapy in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.
41  active foot dorsiflexion
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
TAV (1 time)
2018 Lower limbs venous kinetics and consequent impact on drainage direction.
42  acute Flexner's dysentery
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
2002 [On the manifestation of diabetes mellitus in a patient with severe course of acute Flexner's dysentery].
43  acute focal dystrophy
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2002 [Acute focal dystrophy of the myocardium with hibernating or stunned myocardium].
44  adaptation of T
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2014 CaMKI-dependent regulation of sensory gene expression mediates experience-dependent plasticity in the operating range of a thermosensory neuron.
45  adaptive frequency determination
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
MI (1 time)
VT (1 time)
1990 Top-resolution frequency analysis of electrocardiogram with adaptive frequency determination. Identification of late potentials in patients with coronary artery disease.
46  adjusted fat depth
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
PPL (1 time)
WC (1 time)
WHT (1 time)
2006 Correlated responses in growth, carcass, and meat quality traits to divergent selection for testosterone production in pigs.
47  adult factitious disorder
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
PCF (1 time)
2010 Pediatric condition falsification (Munchausen syndrome by Proxy) as a continuum of maternal factitious disorder (Munchausen syndrome).
48  Adult-onset focal dystonias
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1997 Adult-onset focal dystonias: presentation and treatment options.
49  advertisements of food and drinks
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
PAOS (1 time)
2017 Evaluation of compliance with the Spanish Code of self-regulation of food and drinks advertising directed at children under the age of 12 years in Spain, 2012.
50  aerobic feeding and discharge
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
3H2MV (1 time)
3HB (1 time)
3HV (1 time)
2009 Efficient polyhydroxyalkanoates production from a waste-activated sludge alkaline fermentation liquid by activated sludge submitted to the aerobic feeding and discharge process.
51  aflatoxin diet
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
CON (1 time)
DMI (1 time)
2016 Effects of calcium montmorillonite clay and aflatoxin exposure on dry matter intake, milk production, and milk composition.
52  age at first delivery
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ALD (1 time)
1980 Breast cancer and reproductive history from genealogical data.
53  age of first diagnosis
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 2004 Earlier age of first diagnosis in schizophrenia is related to impaired motor control.
54  air-filtration device
(1 time)
Animals, Laboratory
(1 time)
--- 2010 Operation of an air filtration device results in morbidity and mortality in growing chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus).
55  AlexaFluor dextran
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
MIP (1 time)
MMP (1 time)
2003 Neurturin-deficient mice develop dry eye and keratoconjunctivitis sicca.
56  alkaline fusion digestion
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2014 Direct determination of total mercury in phosphate rock using alkaline fusion digestion.
57  Allele Fraction Deviation
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
cfDNA (1 time)
PB (1 time)
2019 Using plasma cell free DNA to monitor the chemo-radiotherapy course of cervical cancer.
58  aluminum filter dust
(1 time)
--- 2018 Manufacture of Sustainable Clay Bricks Using Waste from Secondary Aluminum Recycling as Raw Material.
59  Amazonian forest dieback
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2018 Limiting the high impacts of Amazon forest dieback with no-regrets science and policy action.
60  amniotic fluid distribution
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
AFI (1 time)
C/S (1 time)
DVP (1 time)
2002 Normal ultrasonic evaluation of amniotic fluid in low-risk patients at term.
61  amyloid fat deposits
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
AFA (1 time)
DMARDs (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2004 The prevalence of subclinical amyloidosis in Polish patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
62  Analysis in the frequency domain
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
ATD (1 time)
VLP (1 time)
1993 Ventricular late potentials. Part I. Techniques, detection, interpretation.
63  android fat distribution
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
GFD (1 time)
IR (1 time)
NW (1 time)
2015 [Adipokines and a risk for metabolic disturbances in different types of female obesity].
64  angle-resolved fluorescence depolarization measurements
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
A-ESR (1 time)
CSL (1 time)
DLPC (1 time)
1992 Structural and dynamic effects of oxidatively modified phospholipids in unsaturated lipid membranes.
65  anionic fluorescent dendrimer
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
CA (1 time)
cyt c (1 time)
2010 Nanofibers doped with dendritic fluorophores for protein detection.
66  anode-to-film distance
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
CT (1 time)
PA (1 time)
1988 Assessment of cardiac size on portable chest films.
67  antenatal fetal death
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1976 A prospective clinicopathological study of 1,108 cases of antenatal fetal death.
68  anterior functional device
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CPI (1 time)
CRs (1 time)
HL (1 time)
2015 Reliability of the anterior functional device in recording the centric relations of patients with posterior tooth loss.
69  anti-factor D Fab fragment
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FD (1 time)
2012 Inhibiting alternative pathway complement activation by targeting the factor D exosite.
70  antibiotic-free days
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BAL (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
SOFA (1 time)
2016 Effectiveness of biomarker-based exclusion of ventilator-acquired pneumonia to reduce antibiotic use (VAPrapid-2): study protocol for a randomised controlled trial.
71  antifungal drugs
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ADRs (1 time)
ALL (1 time)
IFI (1 time)
2015 Clinical Analysis of Adverse Drug Reactions between Vincristine and Triazoles in Children with Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia.
72  Antioxidant Food Database
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
FFQ (1 time)
FRAP (1 time)
ORAC (1 time)
2012 Total and individual antioxidant intake and endometrial cancer risk: results from a population-based case-control study in New Jersey.
73  appropriate for date infants
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
LFD (1 time)
1991 Maternal glucose loading and fetal cardiac function in humans.
74  appropriate for dates babies
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
LFD (1 time)
1983 Unconjugated estradiol, estriol and total estriol in maternal peripheral vein, cord vein, and cord artery serum at delivery in pregnancies with intrauterine growth retardation.
75  appropriate-for-date fetuses
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
CC (1 time)
1984 [Ultrasound measurement of fetal head and body sizes in the assessment of fetal growth].
76  arc fault detector
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
--- 2016 A Novel Arc Fault Detector for Early Detection of Electrical Fires.
77  arginine-containing fluoridated dentifrices
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
FD (1 time)
IEPS (1 time)
IML (1 time)
2018 In situ Effect of Arginine-Containing Dentifrice on Plaque Composition and on Enamel Demineralization under Distinct Cariogenic Conditions.
78  arithmetic fact dyscalculia
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
DD (1 time)
GD (1 time)
2016 Number Processing and Heterogeneity of Developmental Dyscalculia: Subtypes With Different Cognitive Profiles and Deficits.
79  artificial dermis
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
FBS (1 time)
2014 An exploratory clinical study on the safety and efficacy of an autologous fibroblast-seeded artificial skin cultured with animal product-free medium in patients with diabetic foot ulcers.
80  artificial food dye
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MPS (1 time)
2014 Lifespan psychomotor behaviour profiles of multigenerational prenatal stress and artificial food dye effects in rats.
81  aryl-furfurane derivatives
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
MaTC (1 time)
1984 Antiviral activity of aryl-furfurane derivatives.
82  ASCUS favor dysplasia
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AFR (1 time)
ASCUS (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
1999 Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance: A cytohistological study in a colposcopy clinic.
83  asymmetric facial deformity
(1 time)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
2013 Mandible condylar hyperplasia: a review of diagnosis and treatment protocol.
84  autofluorescence densitometry
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CSC (1 time)
EDI-OCT (1 time)
PDT (1 time)
2011 [Pathophysiology of macular diseases--morphology and function].
85  automated flow density
(1 time)
Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
DR (1 time)
OCTA (1 time)
2017 Three Different Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Measurement Methods for Assessing Capillary Density Changes in Diabetic Retinopathy.
86  automated tumour-feeder detection software
(1 time)
Radiation Oncology
(1 time)
CBCT-A (1 time)
TAE (1 time)
2018 Usefulness of dual-phase cone-beam computed tomography during arteriography and automated tumour-feeder detection software in transarterial embolization for obscure arterial bleeding in the abdomen.
87  automatic feeder vessel detection
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
DSA (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
2013 Identification of small hepatocellular carcinoma and tumor-feeding branches with cone-beam CT guidance technology during transcatheter arterial chemoembolization.
88  average fixation durations
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
EMRT (1 time)
MRA (1 time)
STEMM (1 time)
2016 The eye of the beholder: Can patterns in eye movement reveal aptitudes for spatial reasoning?
89  average morbid days due to fever
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
AFI (1 time)
API (1 time)
DDC (1 time)
2008 Impact of community-based presumptive chloroquine treatment of fever cases on malaria morbidity and mortality in a tribal area in Orissa State, India.
90  axillary folds distances
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
NAC (1 time)
SNND (1 time)
2018 Defining Normal Parameters for the Male Nipple-Areola Complex: A Prospective Observational Study and Recommendations for Placement on the Chest Wall.