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Abbreviation: AFL
Appearance Frequency: 942 time(s)
Long forms: 75

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
atrial flutter
(615 times)
Cardiology
(463 times)
AF (296 times)
CTI (98 times)
RF (63 times)
1988 Noninvasive diagnosis and treatment of atrial flutter utilizing previously implanted dual chamber pacemaker.
Australian Football League
(103 times)
Sports Medicine
(70 times)
AF (9 times)
GPS (8 times)
ACL (7 times)
1993 Football injuries in Australia at the elite level.
aflatoxicol
(37 times)
Toxicology
(15 times)
AFB1 (23 times)
AFM1 (8 times)
AFLM1 (4 times)
1978 Dietary protein levels and aflatoxin B metabolism in rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri).
alcoholic fatty liver
(30 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
AST (5 times)
NAFL (5 times)
ALD (4 times)
1985 Comparative diagnosis of alcoholic liver diseases by multivariate and histological analysis.
ablative fractional laser
(25 times)
Dermatology
(13 times)
MAL-PDT (3 times)
NAFL (3 times)
BD (2 times)
2011 Fractionated CO2 laser skin rejuvenation.
airflow limitation
(18 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(10 times)
COPD (5 times)
FVC (5 times)
FEV1 (4 times)
1999 Sensory irritation and multiple chemical sensitivity.
aflatoxins
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
OTA (4 times)
DON (2 times)
FUM (2 times)
1978 Interaction of aflatoxin with infectious bursal disease virus infection in young chickens.
Australian Rules Football
(7 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
LBP (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
CSA (1 time)
2007 Pancreatic injuries in under-age Australian rules footballers.
age at first lambing
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
BW (1 time)
DIC (1 time)
GBW (1 time)
1997 Factors affecting age at first lambing in Yankasa ewes.
10  amniotic fluid lactate
(5 times)
Obstetrics
(5 times)
CD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
FLP (1 time)
2014 The association between labour variables and primiparous women's experience of childbirth; a prospective cohort study.
11  aflibercept
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
NVAMD (2 times)
RBZ (2 times)
AMD (1 time)
2016 The role of Aflibercept in the management of age-related macular degeneration.
12  assessment for learning
(4 times)
Education
(3 times)
CFA (1 time)
2013 Validation of Assessment for Learning Questionnaires for teachers and students.
13  anode functional layer
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
SOFCs (2 times)
BCZY (1 time)
Co (1 time)
2014 Effects of cobalt addition on the catalytic activity of the Ni-YSZ anode functional layer and the electrochemical performance of solid oxide fuel cells.
14  aqueous fraction of the ethanolic extract of the leaves
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
AV (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
NO (1 time)
1998 Cardiovascular effects of an aqueous fraction of the ethanol extract of the leaves of Cissampelos Eichl. in the rat.
15  atypical flat lesions
(3 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
PDAC (2 times)
ADM (1 time)
PanIN (1 time)
2012 [New insights into the origin of pancreatic cancer. Role of atypical flat lesions in pancreatic carcinogenesis].
16  average fiber length
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
DTI (3 times)
FA (3 times)
ASD (2 times)
2011 Detecting abnormalities of corpus callosum connectivity in autism using magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor tractography.
17  5-aminofluorescein
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
CLSM (1 time)
HMSCs (1 time)
MSNs (1 time)
2009 Intraoperative fluorescence staining of malignant brain tumors using 5-aminofluorescein-labeled albumin.
18  Academic Free License
(2 times)
Computational Biology
(1 time)
SBRML (1 time)
2008 Open discovery: An integrated live Linux platform of Bioinformatics tools.
19  Active for Life
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
ALED (1 time)
SBF (1 time)
2008 Active for life: final results from the translation of two physical activity programs.
20  acute fatty liver of pregnancy
(2 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
IEM (1 time)
2000 [Acute fatty liver in pregnancy. Experience of 7 years].
21  amplified feedback laser
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
LSBs (1 time)
2014 Tunable optical microwave generation using self-injection locked monolithic dual-wavelength amplified feedback laser.
22  angle of fusion levels
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AS (2 times)
GK (2 times)
ACV (1 time)
2015 Change in Abdominal Morphology After Surgical Correction of Thoracolumbar Kyphosis Secondary to Ankylosing Spondylitis: A Computed Tomographic Study.
23  antifreeze-like
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AFPs (1 time)
SAS (1 time)
2006 Solution structure of the antifreeze-like domain of human sialic acid synthase.
24  autogenous fascia lata
(2 times)
Female Urogenital Diseases
(1 time)
DHD (1 time)
PGI-I (1 time)
RSC (1 time)
2002 Immune response to dehydrated human dura mater: evaluation in a rabbit model.
25  avian fanciers' lung
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ILD (1 time)
IPF (1 time)
MNC (1 time)
1997 [Evaluation of angiogenic activity in sera from patients with interstitial lung diseases].
26  A. flavum lectin
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2004 A novel mitogenic and antiproliferative lectin from a wild cobra lily, Arisaema flavum.
27  abandoned farmland
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ANP (1 time)
BDP (1 time)
NAP (1 time)
2010 [Fractal features of soil aggregate structure in slope farmland with different de-farming patterns in South Sichuan Province of China].
28  abstract field layer
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
FRL (1 time)
2004 AFL and FRL: abstraction and representation for field interchange.
29  acid-specific lectin
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 1993 Purification and partial characterization of a N-glycolylneuraminic acid specific lectin from the clam Anadara granosa (L).
30  Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Weight and Arn leaves
(1 time)
--- 2017 Phytochemical Investigation, Antitumor Activity, and Hepatoprotective Effects of Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Leaf Extract.
31  active fixation leads
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
BL (1 time)
CE (1 time)
LV (1 time)
2018 Cardiac resynchronization therapy: a comparison among left ventricular bipolar, quadripolar and active fixation leads.
32  active for life exercise classes
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
EEE (1 time)
LTPA (1 time)
OP (1 time)
2005 Physical activity levels during phase IV cardiac rehabilitation in a group of male myocardial infarction patients.
33  Active for Life((R))
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
PA (1 time)
2010 Results from the Active for Life process evaluation: program delivery fidelity and adaptations.
34  Acute fatty liver
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
APC (1 time)
2005 Complications of acute fatty liver of pregnancy treated with activated protein C.
35  acute filarial lymphangitis
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
ADLA (1 time)
1999 Acute attacks in the extremities of persons living in an area endemic for bancroftian filariasis: differentiation of two syndromes.
36  Adolescent Family Life
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
OR (1 time)
2012 The adolescent family life program: a multisite evaluation of federally funded projects serving pregnant and parenting adolescents.
37  Adult Family Living
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 2005 Cheaper for whom? Costs experienced by formal caregivers in adult family living programs.
38  AF League
(1 time)
Athletic Performance
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
2017 Concussion guideline implementation perceptions and experiences among parents of community-level Australian Football junior players.
39  AF to left/right flutter
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
AFCL (1 time)
CFEs (1 time)
2008 A prospective, multicenter evaluation of ablating complex fractionated electrograms (CFEs) during atrial fibrillation (AF) identified by an automated mapping algorithm: acute effects on AF and efficacy as an adjuvant strategy.
40  AF/flutter
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
APs (1 time)
AVRT (1 time)
1996 Reproducibility of transesophageal pacing in patients with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome.
41  affected leg
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
MMP (1 time)
2010 Classification of multi muscle activation patterns of osteoarthritis patients during level walking.
42  affinoleukine
(1 time)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
2010 [AFFINOLEUKINE IS AN IMMUNOTHERAPEUTIC ADJUVANT IN THE TREATMENT OF PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS IN ADOLESCENTS].
43  AFL alone
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
AK (1 time)
c-PDT (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2015 Combination of ablative fractional laser and daylight-mediated photodynamic therapy for actinic keratosis in organ transplant recipients - a randomized controlled trial.
44  AFL group
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
FPD (1 time)
PSE (1 time)
RFCA (1 time)
2004 Improvement of atrial signal-averaged electrocardiographic abnormalities after radiofrequency catheter ablation in persistent atrial flutter.
45  age at first litter
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BBI (1 time)
COR (1 time)
LSB (1 time)
1985 Lifetime parental productivity in twenty-seven crosses of mice. I. Birth traits.
46  age of first lek attendance
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AMS (1 time)
2016 Simultaneous age-dependent and age-independent sexual selection in the lekking black grouse (Lyrurus tetrix).
47  air fluid levels
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
GCS (1 time)
NTI (1 time)
OTI (1 time)
1987 Acute paranasal sinusitis related to nasotracheal intubation of head-injured patients.
48  alcohol-induced fatty liver
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
PD (1 time)
PG (1 time)
2016 ANTI-INFLAMMATORY ACTIVITY OF PLATYCODIN D ON ALCOHOL-INDUCED FATTY LIVER RATS VIA TLR4-MYD88-NF-kappaB SIGNAL PATH.
49  alcoholic extract of the plant
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
MLN (1 time)
MW (1 time)
OVA (1 time)
2013 Managing murine food allergy with Cissampelos sympodialis Eichl (Menispermaceae) and its alkaloids.
50  aligned-fiber layer
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
RFL (1 time)
2015 Electrospun bilayer fibrous scaffolds for enhanced cell infiltration and vascularization in vivo.
51  Alta Floresta
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
ISSR (1 time)
MAR (1 time)
NBA (1 time)
2017 Genetic diversity of Cajazeira (Spondias mombin L.) in three geographic regions.
52  aluminium foil laminate
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
HDPE (1 time)
2014 Effect of treatments and packaging on the quality of dried carrot slices during storage.
53  alveolar film layer
(1 time)
Environmental Pollution
(1 time)
CHCs (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
UN (1 time)
2012 Physical and physicochemical factors effecting transport of chlorohydrocarbon gases from lung alveolar air to blood as measured by the causation of narcosis.
54  American Federation of Labor
(1 time)
Occupational Health
(1 time)
CIO (1 time)
2014 Organized labor and the origins of the Occupational Safety and Health Act.
55  aminodeoxyfutalosine
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DHFL (1 time)
FL (1 time)
2012 Menaquinone biosyntheses in microorganisms.
56  amniotic fluid
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2016 Lactate in Amniotic Fluid: Predictor of Labor Outcome in Oxytocin-Augmented Primiparas' Deliveries.
57  amniotic fluid leptin
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2015 Standardization of amniotic fluid leptin levels and utility in maternal overweight and fetal undergrowth.
58  anaerobic fermentation liquid
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
LDHs (1 time)
SCFAs (1 time)
2019 Pretreating anaerobic fermentation liquid with calcium addition to improve short chain fatty acids extraction via in situ synthesis of layered double hydroxides.
59  anterior foramen lacerum
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
CH (1 time)
CP (1 time)
ET (1 time)
1998 Anatomic relationships between surgical landmarks in type b and type c infratemporal fossa approaches.
60  antifungal nail lacquer
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Can the use of a topical antifungal nail lacquer reduce risk for diabetic foot ulceration? Results from a randomised controlled pilot study.
61  Aplysina fulva
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2019 A new mucin-binding lectin from the marine sponge Aplysina fulva (AFL) exhibits antibiofilm effects.
62  apparent half-life
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
DT (1 time)
1986 Serum alpha fetoprotein kinetics in hepatocellular carcinoma. A case for cessation of therapy.
63  aqueous fraction of the ethanolic extract
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
IL-10 (1 time)
2003 Cissampelos sympodialis Eichl (Menispermaceae) leaf extract induces interleukin-10-dependent inhibition of Trypanosoma cruzi killing by macrophages.
64  arcuate fasciculus
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
AVH (1 time)
2015 Reduced integrity of the left arcuate fasciculus is specifically associated with auditory verbal hallucinations in schizophrenia.
65  Arizona Fall League
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
MLB (1 time)
UCL (1 time)
2016 Major League Baseball pace-of-play rules and their influence on predicted muscle fatigue during simulated baseball games.
66  arthritis-related functional limitation
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2008 Identification of patients with arthritis and arthritis-related functional limitation using administrative data.
67  Astrobiology Field Laboratory
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AFL SSG (1 time)
MEP (1 time)
MSL (1 time)
2007 A concept for NASA's Mars 2016 astrobiology field laboratory.
68  atrial fibrillation and flutter
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
2002 Electrophysiological response of the right atrium to ibutilide during typical atrial flutter.
69  attenuation of the false lumen
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
EFL (1 time)
IMH (1 time)
2017 Clinical importance of minimal enhancement of type B intramural hematoma of the aorta on computed tomography imaging.
70  Atypical fibrohistiocytic lesions
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
DF (1 time)
DFSP (1 time)
2017 Phosphohistone-H3 and Ki67: Useful Markers in Differentiating Dermatofibroma From Dermatofibrosarcoma Protuberans and Atypical Fibrohistiocytic Lesions.
71  atypical septal flutter
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
RF (1 time)
VT (1 time)
2012 Bipolar irrigated radiofrequency ablation: a therapeutic option for refractory intramural atrial and ventricular tachycardia circuits.
72  Australian football
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
NK (1 time)
2018 Dietary intake of professional Australian football athletes surrounding body composition assessment.
73  autofluorescence lifetime
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2013 Detection of cartilage matrix degradation by autofluorescence lifetime.
74  avulsion fractures of extrinsic ligaments
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2001 Diagnosis of occult scaphoid fractures and other wrist injuries. Are repeated clinical examinations and plain radiographs still state of the art?
75  Awake flexible laryngoscopy
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 1998 Neonatal upper airway assessment by awake flexible laryngoscopy.