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Abbreviation: AFM
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
atomic force microscopy
(12592 times)
Chemistry
(3341 times)
SEM (1453 times)
XPS (876 times)
TEM (844 times)
1988 Scanning tunneling microscopy and atomic force microscopy: application to biology and technology.
antiferromagnetic
(346 times)
Biophysics
(119 times)
FM (141 times)
SC (17 times)
DFT (14 times)
1998 Relaxometry and magnetometry of ferritin.
atomic force
(39 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
TEM (14 times)
SEM (4 times)
DLS (3 times)
1994 Topography of the Leydig cell mitochondrial peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor.
acute flaccid myelitis
(32 times)
Pediatrics
(8 times)
EV-D68 (16 times)
CSF (5 times)
MRI (5 times)
2015 Re-analysis of metagenomic sequences from acute flaccid myelitis patients reveals alternatives to enterovirus D68 infection.
abdominal fat mass
(17 times)
Obstetrics
(4 times)
TBF (6 times)
DXA (4 times)
LA (3 times)
2003 Fetal subcutaneous tissue thickness (SCTT) in healthy and gestational diabetic pregnancies.
acute fulminant myocarditis
(15 times)
Pediatrics
(7 times)
ECMO (8 times)
LVEF (4 times)
IVIG (2 times)
2006 Outcome of acute fulminant myocarditis in children.
additive factors method
(11 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
RT (4 times)
CHI (2 times)
CRT (1 time)
1985 The effect of methylphenidate on information processing.
afamin
(9 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
AFP (2 times)
ALB (2 times)
A1AT (1 time)
1994 Afamin is a new member of the albumin, alpha-fetoprotein, and vitamin D-binding protein gene family.
adaptive force matching
(8 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
BLYP (1 time)
MD (1 time)
QM/MM (1 time)
2008 Developing ab initio quality force fields from condensed phase quantum-mechanics/molecular-mechanics calculations through the adaptive force matching method.
10  age at first marriage
(8 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
AFS (3 times)
AFP (1 time)
AFSI (1 time)
2001 Effect of birth litter size, birth parity number, growth rate, backfat thickness and age at first mating of gilts on their reproductive performance as sows.
11  acifluorfen-methyl
(6 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
DTT (2 times)
Coprogen I (1 time)
DBMIB (1 time)
1982 Mechanism of Action of the Diphenyl Ether Herbicide Acifluorfen-Methyl in Excised Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) Cotyledons : LIGHT ACTIVATION AND THE SUBSEQUENT FORMATION OF LIPOPHILIC FREE RADICALS.
12  android fat mass
(6 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
GFM (4 times)
BMI (3 times)
DXA (3 times)
2013 Longitudinal relationships between whole body and central adiposity on weight-bearing bone geometry, density, and bone strength: a pQCT study in young girls.
13  additivity of forward masking
(5 times)
Audiology
(3 times)
BM (2 times)
FDMC (2 times)
TMC (2 times)
2010 On- and off-frequency compression estimated using a new version of the additivity of forward masking technique.
14  atomic force microscopic techniques
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
EDX (1 time)
HR (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2001 Direct observation of different surface structures on high-resolution images of native halorhodopsin.
15  5-fluorouracil, and methotrexate
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
HDC (3 times)
EFS (1 time)
ER/PR (1 time)
1998 Sequential treatment including high-dose chemotherapy with peripheral blood stem cell support in patients with high-risk stage II-III breast cancer: outpatient administration in community cancer centers.
16  ambiguity function method
(4 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(4 times)
ADOP (1 time)
AFV (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2015 A performance improvement method for low-cost land vehicle GPS/MEMS-INS attitude determination.
17  atomic force micrographs
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ATR-FTIR (1 time)
COD (1 time)
EC (1 time)
2004 The effects of amorphous carbon films deposited on polyethylene terephthalate on bacterial adhesion.
18  atomic force microscopy-based force spectroscopy
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CMC (3 times)
QCM-D (2 times)
cryo-TEM (1 time)
2012 Mechanical properties of poly(dimethylsiloxane)-block-poly(2-methyloxazoline) polymersomes probed by atomic force microscopy.
19  fluorescence-atomic force microscopy
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
PIC (1 time)
SPT (1 time)
2008 Mitochondrial displacements in response to nanomechanical forces.
20  acute falciparum malaria
(3 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
Eb (1 time)
Ec (1 time)
GLP (1 time)
1993 Falciparum malaria in naturally infected humans. III. Platelet ultrastructural alterations during thrombocytopenia.
21  atomic force measurements
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
PVDF (2 times)
CL (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2003 Surface modification of poly(vinylidenefluoride) to improve the osteoblast adhesion.
22  scanning force microscopy
(3 times)
Chemistry, Inorganic
(1 time)
AQ (1 time)
CRNWs (1 time)
DLS (1 time)
2011 Simultaneous topographic and amperometric membrane mapping using an AFM probe integrated biosensor.
23  abdominal fat
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
DXA (2 times)
LA (2 times)
LVM (2 times)
2017 Total body fat, abdominal fat, body fat distribution and surrogate markers for health related to adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (FABP4) in children.
24  affected family member
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
HD (1 time)
LMIC (1 time)
2017 Psychosocial interventions for addiction-affected families in Low and Middle Income Countries: A systematic review.
25  air flow meter
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1978 Long-term trial of an alpha adrenoceptor blocking drug (Indoramin) in asthma. A preliminary report.
26  airflometer
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
FEV1 (1 time)
FVC (1 time)
1977 An inexpensive apparatus (airflometer) to assess lung function.
27  American Founder Mutation
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
MMR (1 time)
2006 American founder mutation for Lynch syndrome. Prevalence estimates and implications.
28  antiferromagnetic ordering
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
FM (1 time)
JT (1 time)
PP (1 time)
2014 Hole induced Jahn Teller distortion ensuing ferromagnetism in Mn-MgO: bulk, surface and one dimensional structures.
29  appendicular fat mass
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
DXA (2 times)
aFFAT (1 time)
ALM (1 time)
2018 The impact of DXA-derived fat-free adipose tissue on the prevalence of low muscle mass in older adults.
30  appendicular FM
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
BMD (2 times)
FM (2 times)
ALM (1 time)
2012 Appendicular fat mass is positively associated with femoral neck bone mineral density in older women.
31  Army flight medic
(2 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
CCFPs (1 time)
CSH (1 time)
2012 Education and experience of Army flight medics in Iraq and Afghanistan.
32  assessment factor method
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Cd (1 time)
EPC (1 time)
FRED (1 time)
2006 First derivation of predicted-no-effect values for freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems exposed to radioactive substances.
33  asymmetric facial model
(2 times)
Esthetics, Dental
(1 time)
SFM (1 time)
2015 Perception of maxillary dental midline shift in asymmetric faces.
34  Atomic fluorescence microscopy
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
SEM (2 times)
CPZ (1 time)
CS-HYL-5-FU (1 time)
2013 Hyaluronidase enzyme core-5-fluorouracil-loaded chitosan-PEG-gelatin polymer nanocomposites as targeted and controlled drug delivery vehicles.
35  auditory fear memory
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BLA (2 times)
ERK (1 time)
GR (1 time)
2007 Glucocorticoid receptors in the basolateral nucleus of amygdala are required for postreactivation reconsolidation of auditory fear memory.
36  auxiliary function method
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
DOM (1 time)
2003 Comparison of the auxiliary function method and the discrete-ordinate method for solving the radiative transfer equation for light scattering.
37  absorptivity factor method
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ACM (1 time)
AML (1 time)
CRACLS (1 time)
2015 Conventional univariate versus multivariate spectrophotometric assisted techniques for simultaneous determination of perindopril arginin and amlodipine besylate in presence of their degradation products.
38  AC with focal mucin
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
2006 Mucinous adenocarcinoma of the prostate does not confer poor prognosis.
39  ac-susceptibility measurements reveal two antiferromagnetic
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2014 Lattice-site-specific spin dynamics in double perovskite Sr2CoOsO6.
40  acceptance of face mask
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
LER (1 time)
1992 Induction dose-response of propofol in unpremedicated children.
41  accessory fibular muscles
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
FT (1 time)
2017 Evaluation of fibular muscles and prevalence of accessory fibular muscles on fetal cadavers.
42  acclimatized-fit males
(1 time)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
UM (1 time)
1980 Training and acclimatization: effects on responses to exercise in a desert environment.
43  accompanying family members
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
MDRB (1 time)
MDTs (1 time)
2016 Control of antibiotic resistance in China must not be delayed: The current state of resistance and policy suggestions for the government, medical facilities, and patients.
44  acid-fast microscopy
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
CSF (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
TBM (1 time)
2003 Efficiency of polymerase chain reaction for the diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis.
45  acidulated fluoride mousse
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
APG (1 time)
KHN (1 time)
NFG (1 time)
2018 Microhardness of bovine enamel after different fluoride application protocols.
46  active fetal movements
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 2016 [Use of fetal movements counting for prolonged pregnancy: A comparative preliminary cohort study before and after implementation of an information brochure].
47  active fibrous materials
(1 time)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 [Equipment for biological experiments with snails aboard piloted orbital stations].
48  acute Plasmodium falciparum malaria
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1997 Plasmodium falciparum malaria transmitted in hospital through heparin locks.
49  Addictions Foundation of Manitoba
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
VLTs (1 time)
2001 A profile of Canadian adults seeking treatment for gambling problems and comparisons with adults entering an alcohol treatment program.
50  Additive functional measurement
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
MLDS (1 time)
2013 Indirect scaling methods for testing quantitative emotion theories.
51  adhesion forces determined from the force-displacement curves
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DMT (1 time)
ITO (1 time)
JKR (1 time)
2004 Evaluation of the adhesion properties of inorganic materials with high surface energies.
52  adipose tissue-free mass
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
ECW (1 time)
1976 The assessment of human body composition during weight reduction: evaluation of a new model for clinical studies.
53  ADM, 5-FU & MMC
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
DI (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
1990 [Dose intensity and clinical response in patients with advanced gastric carcinoma treated by induced hypertension chemotherapy].
54  admixture F model
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
ST (1 time)
2012 Estimating population-level coancestry coefficients by an admixture F model.
55  Affected members
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
FMM (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2001 Genetic Testing in Familial Melanoma : Epidemiologic/Genetic Assessment of Risks and Role of CDKN2A Analysis.
56  AFM order is also detected with M
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IP (1 time)
OP (1 time)
SC (1 time)
2006 Uniform mixing of high-Tc superconductivity and antiferromagnetism on a single CuO2 plane of a Hg-based five-layered cuprate.
57  AFM-(1) Mn,AFM = (3.8+/-0.5) x 10(4), PDI
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
GPC (1 time)
MALLS (1 time)
PNIPAM (1 time)
2004 Molecular weight and polydispersity estimation of adsorbing polymer brushes by atomic force microscopy.
58  aforementioned suspensions onto SAM/Au substrate is examined by atomic force
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CMC (1 time)
DLS (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2011 Detergent-protein interactions in aqueous buffer suspensions of Photosystem I (PS I).
59  Aframomum melegueta
(1 time)
Pharmaceutical Preparations
(1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
EPM (1 time)
MWM (1 time)
2016 Involvement of Antioxidant System in the Amelioration of Scopolamine-Induced Memory Impairment by Grains of Paradise (Aframomum melegueta K. Schum.) Extract.
60  AFT monomer
(1 time)
AFT (1 time)
2017 Application of an Addition-Fragmentation-Chain Transfer Monomer in Di(meth)acrylate Network Formation to Reduce Polymerization Shrinkage Stress.
61  after fatty meal
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
NVGB (1 time)
1980 Tomography of the biliary tract during oral cholecystography: a review of 200 cases.
62  aggressive fibromatosis
(1 time)
Cells
(1 time)
FNAC (1 time)
2012 Multicentric synchronous recurrent aggressive fibromatosis.
63  air filtration materials
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2016 Slip-Effect Functional Air Filter for Efficient Purification of PM2.5.
64  Alcohol-Free essential oil Mouthrinse
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ACM (1 time)
BI (1 time)
MGI (1 time)
2018 The effects of essential oil mouthrinses with or without alcohol on plaque and gingivitis: a randomized controlled clinical study.
65  alcohol-free mouthwash
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
Bcc (1 time)
PFGE (1 time)
2007 Multistate outbreak of Burkholderia cenocepacia colonization and infection associated with the use of intrinsically contaminated alcohol-free mouthwash.
66  alternating forearm movements
(1 time)
AHM (1 time)
PD (1 time)
RFT (1 time)
2017 Optical Hand Tracking: A Novel Technique for the Assessment of Bradykinesia in Parkinson's Disease.
67  alternating magnetic field
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
DDS (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
2014 Dynamic in vivo imaging of dual-triggered microspheres for sustained release applications: synthesis, characterization and cytotoxicity study.
68  amniotic fluid material
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
AFE (1 time)
PAB (1 time)
1985 Is amniotic fluid material in the central circulation of peripartum patients pathologic?
69  amoxicillin, fosfomycin, and metronidazole
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
FMT (1 time)
HSP (1 time)
UC (1 time)
2018 The Microbial Composition of Bacteroidetes Species in Ulcerative Colitis Is Effectively Improved by Combination Therapy With Fecal Microbiota Transplantation and Antibiotics.
70  amplitude-frequency modulation
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 1988 [Amplitude-frequency modulation of electroencephalogram associated with rhythmic movements].
71  anaerobically-fermented MKR
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
MKR (1 time)
2016 Simultaneous production of l-lactic acid with high optical activity and a soil amendment with food waste that demonstrates plant growth promoting activity.
72  analytic function method
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ARIMA (1 time)
DESM (1 time)
ESM (1 time)
2011 A study on industrial accident rate forecasting and program development of estimated zero accident time in Korea.
73  Anatomical Facsimile Models
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 2011 [An anatomic facsimile model with origin inner ear structures for temporal bone preparations].
74  angle called: masticatory functional angle
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
NOE (1 time)
sEMG (1 time)
2010 Clinical and computerized evaluation in study of temporo-mandibular joint intracapsular disease.
75  anisotropic fast marching
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2015 Interactive retinal vessel centreline extraction and boundary delineation using anisotropic fast marching and intensities consistency.
76  anterior fibromuscular stroma
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
PZ (1 time)
TZ (1 time)
2001 Patterns of spread of adenocarcinoma in the prostate as related to cancer volume.
77  antiferromagnetic L11-like
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ETT (1 time)
2017 Evidence for the antiferromagnetic ground state of Zr2TiAl: a first-principles study.
78  antiferromagnetic propagation vector Q
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2011 Incommensurate spin-density wave order in electron-doped BaFe2 As2 superconductors.
79  antiferromagnetic transition
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2016 Structure and Magnetic Behavior of Layered Honeycomb Tellurates, BiM(III)TeO6 (M = Cr, Mn, Fe).
80  antiferromagnetic transition temperature from T
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
FM (1 time)
2011 Coexistence of ferromagnetism and superconductivity: magnetization and Mossbauer studies of EuFe₂(As₁ - xPx)₂.
81  Apostolic Faith Mission
(1 time)
Social Sciences
(1 time)
MCZ (1 time)
RCC (1 time)
RCZ (1 time)
2012 Examining the perceptions of Zimbabwean women about the domestic violence act.
82  applied family management
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
SFM (1 time)
2001 Family treatment and medication dosage reduction in schizophrenia: effects on patient social functioning, family attitudes, and burden.
83  approach of (cryo-)atomic force microscopy
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2014 Thermotropic dynamic processes in multiphase polymer systems by (cryo-)AFM.
84  approaches, includingatomic force microscopy
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
Tg (1 time)
2008 Friction and Surface Dynamics of Polymers on the Nanoscale by AFM.
85  approximately 1-2 interatomic distances in bulk Gd and Fe; J
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2001 Enhanced interfacial magnetic coupling of Gd /Fe multilayers.
86  aqueous extract of Flemingia macrophylla
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
GSH-Px (1 time)
2011 Hepatoprotective effect of the aqueous extract of Flemingia macrophylla on carbon tetrachloride-induced acute hepatotoxicity in rats through anti-oxidative activities.
87  area of the foramen magnum
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
LFM (1 time)
LLOC (1 time)
2017 Morphometric evaluation of the foramen magnum for sex determination: A study from Saudi Arabia.
88  arginine-free medium
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2003 Arginine deprivation and tumour cell death: arginase and its inhibition.
89  arm fat mass
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
TFM (2 times)
DXA (1 time)
LFM (1 time)
2012 Association of ALOX15 gene polymorphisms with obesity-related phenotypes in Chinese nuclear families with male offspring.
90  Army Field Manual FM 2-22.3
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2018 The effectiveness of army field manual interrogation approaches for educing information and building rapport.
91  arteriovenous malformation
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
MRA (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
PT (1 time)
2013 Diagnostic utility of magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance angiography in the radiological evaluation of pulsatile tinnitus.
92  Assisted Fluid Management
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
GDFT (1 time)
SVV (1 time)
2018 Practical impact of a decision support for goal-directed fluid therapy on protocol adherence: a clinical implementation study in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery.
93  Association Francaise contre les Myopathies
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CNRS (1 time)
ES (1 time)
FRM (1 time)
2013 The mammalian-specific Tex19.1 gene plays an essential role in spermatogenesis and placenta-supported development.
94  Association Francaise contre les Myopathies--French Muscular Dystrophy Organisation
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
2006 From representation to mediation: the shaping of collective mobilization on muscular dystrophy in France.
95  Association to fight myopathies
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Recommendations for the diagnosis and management of typical childhood spinal muscular atrophy.
96  asthma functional morbidity
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
SHSe (1 time)
SS (1 time)
2016 The role of caregiver social support, depressed mood, and perceived stress in changes in pediatric secondhand smoke exposure and asthma functional morbidity following an asthma exacerbation.
97  atomic flame electron microscopy
(1 time)
Biocompatible Materials
(1 time)
EDX (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
NTA (1 time)
2018 Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using transgenic Nicotiana tabacum callus culture expressing silicatein gene from marine sponge Latrunculia oparinae.
98  Atomic Force Microscopy indentation
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2012 Estradiol influences the mechanical properties of human fetal osteoblasts through cytoskeletal changes.
99  atomic force microscopy operated in a tapping mode
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
EE (1 time)
PE (1 time)
UR (1 time)
2000 Strength of irradiated bone.
100  atomic force morphology
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
RMS (1 time)
XPS (1 time)
XRD (1 time)
2010 Influence of deposition pressure on N-doped ZnO films by RF magnetron sputtering.