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Abbreviation: AFM
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Long forms: 145

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
atomic force microscopy
(16113 times)
Chemistry
(3902 times)
SEM (2198 times)
XPS (1167 times)
TEM (1156 times)
1988 Scanning tunneling microscopy and atomic force microscopy: application to biology and technology.
antiferromagnetic
(573 times)
Biophysics
(198 times)
FM (235 times)
DFT (30 times)
SC (23 times)
1998 Relaxometry and magnetometry of ferritin.
acute flaccid myelitis
(126 times)
Pediatrics
(23 times)
EV-D68 (48 times)
CSF (12 times)
MRI (9 times)
2015 Re-analysis of metagenomic sequences from acute flaccid myelitis patients reveals alternatives to enterovirus D68 infection.
atomic force
(55 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
TEM (18 times)
SEM (7 times)
DLS (5 times)
1994 Topography of the Leydig cell mitochondrial peripheral-type benzodiazepine receptor.
acute fulminant myocarditis
(23 times)
Pediatrics
(10 times)
ECMO (11 times)
LVEF (6 times)
IVIG (4 times)
2006 Outcome of acute fulminant myocarditis in children.
abdominal fat mass
(20 times)
Obstetrics
(5 times)
TBF (6 times)
DXA (4 times)
SSFM (4 times)
2003 Fetal subcutaneous tissue thickness (SCTT) in healthy and gestational diabetic pregnancies.
adaptive force matching
(13 times)
Chemistry
(12 times)
BLYP (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
HFE (1 time)
2008 Developing ab initio quality force fields from condensed phase quantum-mechanics/molecular-mechanics calculations through the adaptive force matching method.
age at first marriage
(12 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
AFS (3 times)
AFB (1 time)
AFP (1 time)
2001 Effect of birth litter size, birth parity number, growth rate, backfat thickness and age at first mating of gilts on their reproductive performance as sows.
additive factors method
(11 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
RT (4 times)
CHI (2 times)
CRT (1 time)
1985 The effect of methylphenidate on information processing.
10  afamin
(11 times)
Proteomics
(3 times)
AFP (3 times)
ALB (3 times)
A1BG (2 times)
1994 Afamin is a new member of the albumin, alpha-fetoprotein, and vitamin D-binding protein gene family.
11  android fat mass
(7 times)
Endocrine System Diseases
(1 time)
BMI (4 times)
GFM (4 times)
DXA (3 times)
2013 Longitudinal relationships between whole body and central adiposity on weight-bearing bone geometry, density, and bone strength: a pQCT study in young girls.
12  acifluorfen-methyl
(6 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
DTT (2 times)
Coprogen I (1 time)
DBMIB (1 time)
1982 Mechanism of Action of the Diphenyl Ether Herbicide Acifluorfen-Methyl in Excised Cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) Cotyledons : LIGHT ACTIVATION AND THE SUBSEQUENT FORMATION OF LIPOPHILIC FREE RADICALS.
13  additivity of forward masking
(5 times)
Audiology
(3 times)
BM (2 times)
FDMC (2 times)
TMC (2 times)
2010 On- and off-frequency compression estimated using a new version of the additivity of forward masking technique.
14  ambiguity function method
(5 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(5 times)
GNSS (2 times)
ADOP (1 time)
AFV (1 time)
2015 A performance improvement method for low-cost land vehicle GPS/MEMS-INS attitude determination.
15  atomic force measurement
(5 times)
Biocompatible Materials
(3 times)
PVDF (2 times)
XPS (2 times)
CL (1 time)
2003 Surface modification of poly(vinylidenefluoride) to improve the osteoblast adhesion.
16  atomic force microscopic techniques
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
EDX (1 time)
HR (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2001 Direct observation of different surface structures on high-resolution images of native halorhodopsin.
17  atomic force microscopy-based force spectroscopy
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CMC (3 times)
QCM-D (2 times)
cryo-TEM (1 time)
2012 Mechanical properties of poly(dimethylsiloxane)-block-poly(2-methyloxazoline) polymersomes probed by atomic force microscopy.
18  attention fusion module
(4 times)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(2 times)
ASSM (1 time)
BAGAU-Net (1 time)
CBAM (1 time)
2021 Brain Atlas Guided Attention U-Net for White Matter Hyperintensity Segmentation.
19  fluorescence-atomic force microscopy
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
PIC (1 time)
SPT (1 time)
2008 Mitochondrial displacements in response to nanomechanical forces.
20  fluorouracil, and methotrexate
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
HDC (3 times)
EFS (1 time)
ER/PR (1 time)
1998 Sequential treatment including high-dose chemotherapy with peripheral blood stem cell support in patients with high-risk stage II-III breast cancer: outpatient administration in community cancer centers.
21  acute falciparum malaria
(3 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
Eb (1 time)
Ec (1 time)
GLP (1 time)
1993 Falciparum malaria in naturally infected humans. III. Platelet ultrastructural alterations during thrombocytopenia.
22  affected family members
(3 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
HD (1 time)
LMIC (1 time)
SMR (1 time)
2017 Psychosocial interventions for addiction-affected families in Low and Middle Income Countries: A systematic review.
23  alternating magnetic field
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
AC (1 time)
DDS (1 time)
2013 Dynamic in vivo imaging of dual-triggered microspheres for sustained release applications: synthesis, characterization and cytotoxicity study.
24  amoxicillin, fosfomycin, and metronidazole
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
UC (3 times)
FMT (2 times)
ATM (1 time)
2018 The Microbial Composition of Bacteroidetes Species in Ulcerative Colitis Is Effectively Improved by Combination Therapy With Fecal Microbiota Transplantation and Antibiotics.
25  antiferromagnetic ordering
(3 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
FM (2 times)
JT (1 time)
PP (1 time)
2014 Hole induced Jahn Teller distortion ensuing ferromagnetism in Mn-MgO: bulk, surface and one dimensional structures.
26  appendicular fat mass
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
DXA (2 times)
aFFAT (1 time)
ALM (1 time)
2018 The impact of DXA-derived fat-free adipose tissue on the prevalence of low muscle mass in older adults.
27  scanning force microscopy
(3 times)
Chemistry, Inorganic
(1 time)
AQ (1 time)
CRNWs (1 time)
DLS (1 time)
2011 Simultaneous topographic and amperometric membrane mapping using an AFM probe integrated biosensor.
28  abdominal fat
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
DXA (2 times)
LA (2 times)
LVM (2 times)
2017 Total body fat, abdominal fat, body fat distribution and surrogate markers for health related to adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (FABP4) in children.
29  absolute fat mass
(2 times)
Food
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DASH (1 time)
REE (1 time)
2020 A Calorie-Restricted DASH Diet Reduces Body Fat and Maintains Muscle Strength in Obese Older Adults.
30  absorptivity factor method
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
ACM (2 times)
AML (1 time)
CRACLS (1 time)
2015 Conventional univariate versus multivariate spectrophotometric assisted techniques for simultaneous determination of perindopril arginin and amlodipine besylate in presence of their degradation products.
31  air flow meter
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1978 Long-term trial of an alpha adrenoceptor blocking drug (Indoramin) in asthma. A preliminary report.
32  airflometer
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
FEV1 (1 time)
FVC (1 time)
1977 An inexpensive apparatus (airflometer) to assess lung function.
33  American Founder Mutation
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
MMR (1 time)
2005 American founder mutation for Lynch syndrome. Prevalence estimates and implications.
34  antibody functionalized microfluidic
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
CTCs (1 time)
EpCAM (1 time)
2022 Rapid and efficient capturing of circulating tumor cells from breast cancer Patient's whole blood via the antibody functionalized microfluidic (AFM) chip.
35  Apostolic Faith Mission
(2 times)
Disabled Persons
(1 time)
MCZ (1 time)
PWD (1 time)
RCC (1 time)
2011 Examining the perceptions of Zimbabwean women about the domestic violence act.
36  appendicular FM
(2 times)
Gynecology
(1 time)
BMD (2 times)
FM (2 times)
ALM (1 time)
2011 Appendicular fat mass is positively associated with femoral neck bone mineral density in older women.
37  arm fat mass
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
TFM (3 times)
AUC (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2012 Association of ALOX15 gene polymorphisms with obesity-related phenotypes in Chinese nuclear families with male offspring.
38  Army flight medic
(2 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
CCFPs (1 time)
CSH (1 time)
2012 Education and experience of Army flight medics in Iraq and Afghanistan.
39  assessment factor method
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
Cd (1 time)
EPC (1 time)
FRED (1 time)
2006 First derivation of predicted-no-effect values for freshwater and terrestrial ecosystems exposed to radioactive substances.
40  asymmetric facial model
(2 times)
Esthetics, Dental
(1 time)
SFM (1 time)
2016 Perception of maxillary dental midline shift in asymmetric faces.
41  Atomic fluorescence microscopy
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
SEM (2 times)
CPZ (1 time)
CS-HYL-5-FU (1 time)
2013 Hyaluronidase enzyme core-5-fluorouracil-loaded chitosan-PEG-gelatin polymer nanocomposites as targeted and controlled drug delivery vehicles.
42  atomic force spectroscopy measurements
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CD-MOFs (1 time)
FN (1 time)
2008 UV-O3-treated and protein-coated polymer surfaces facilitate endothelial cell adhesion and proliferation mediated by the PKCalpha/ERK/cPLA2 pathway.
43  auditory fear memory
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BLA (2 times)
ERK (1 time)
GR (1 time)
2007 Glucocorticoid receptors in the basolateral nucleus of amygdala are required for postreactivation reconsolidation of auditory fear memory.
44  auxiliary function method
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
DOM (1 time)
2003 Comparison of the auxiliary function method and the discrete-ordinate method for solving the radiative transfer equation for light scattering.
45  Abrasive flow machining
(1 time)
MPFL (1 time)
2021 A Study on Using the Additive Manufacturing Process for the Development of a Closed Pump Impeller for Mechanically Pumped Fluid Loop Systems.
46  absent fetal movements
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
FGR (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2021 Stillbirths preceded by reduced fetal movements are more frequently associated with placental insufficiency: a retrospective cohort study.
47  AC with focal mucin
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
2006 Mucinous adenocarcinoma of the prostate does not confer poor prognosis.
48  ac-susceptibility measurements reveal two antiferromagnetic
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2014 Lattice-site-specific spin dynamics in double perovskite Sr2CoOsO6.
49  Academic Family Medicine
(1 time)
CaRMS (1 time)
FREIDA (1 time)
2020 Influences for Gender Disparity in Academic Family Medicine in North American Medical Schools.
50  acceptance of face mask
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
LER (1 time)
1992 Induction dose-response of propofol in unpremedicated children.
51  accessory fibular muscles
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
FT (1 time)
2017 Evaluation of fibular muscles and prevalence of accessory fibular muscles on fetal cadavers.
52  acclimatized-fit males
(1 time)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
UM (1 time)
1980 Training and acclimatization: effects on responses to exercise in a desert environment.
53  accompanying family members
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
MDRB (1 time)
MDTs (1 time)
2016 Control of antibiotic resistance in China must not be delayed: The current state of resistance and policy suggestions for the government, medical facilities, and patients.
54  Achatina fulica mucous
(1 time)
Stem Cells
(1 time)
MMP-1 (1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
2020 Achatina fulica mucous improves cell viability and increases collagen deposition in UVB-irradiated human fibroblast culture.
55  acid-fast microscopy
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
CSF (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
TBM (1 time)
2003 Efficiency of polymerase chain reaction for the diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis.
56  acidified fresh milk
(1 time)
ARM (1 time)
LYM (1 time)
RM (1 time)
2019 Comparison of Reconstituted, Acidified Reconstituted Milk or Acidified Fresh Milk on Growth Performance, Diarrhea Rate, and Hematological Parameters in Preweaning Dairy Calves.
57  acidulated fluoride mousse
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
APG (1 time)
KHN (1 time)
NFG (1 time)
2018 Microhardness of bovine enamel after different fluoride application protocols.
58  activated filter media
(1 time)
Membranes
(1 time)
BWRO (1 time)
CF (1 time)
EEM (1 time)
2022 Comparison of Pretreatment Methods for Salinity Gradient Power Generation Using Reverse Electrodialysis (RED) Systems.
59  active fetal movements
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 2016 [Use of fetal movements counting for prolonged pregnancy: A comparative preliminary cohort study before and after implementation of an information brochure].
60  active fibrous materials
(1 time)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2010 [Equipment for biological experiments with snails aboard piloted orbital stations].
61  acute Plasmodium falciparum malaria
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1997 Plasmodium falciparum malaria transmitted in hospital through heparin locks.
62  Addictions Foundation of Manitoba
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
VLTs (1 time)
2001 A profile of Canadian adults seeking treatment for gambling problems and comparisons with adults entering an alcohol treatment program.
63  Additive functional measurement
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
MLDS (1 time)
2013 Indirect scaling methods for testing quantitative emotion theories.
64  adhesion forces determined from the force-displacement curves
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DMT (1 time)
ITO (1 time)
JKR (1 time)
2004 Evaluation of the adhesion properties of inorganic materials with high surface energies.
65  adipose tissue-free mass
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
ECW (1 time)
1976 The assessment of human body composition during weight reduction: evaluation of a new model for clinical studies.
66  ADM, 5-FU & MMC
(1 time)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
DI (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
1990 [Dose intensity and clinical response in patients with advanced gastric carcinoma treated by induced hypertension chemotherapy].
67  admixture F model
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
ST (1 time)
2012 Estimating population-level coancestry coefficients by an admixture F model.
68  adulterated fishmeal
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CARS (1 time)
FBP (1 time)
FTM (1 time)
2022 Rapid and nondestructive detection of marine fishmeal adulteration by hyperspectral imaging and machine learning.
69  AF monitor
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
HR (1 time)
PPV (1 time)
2020 Real-world performance of the atrial fibrillation monitor in patients with a subcutaneous ICD.
70  Affected members
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
FMM (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2001 Genetic Testing in Familial Melanoma : Epidemiologic/Genetic Assessment of Risks and Role of CDKN2A Analysis.
71  AFM order is also detected with M
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IP (1 time)
OP (1 time)
SC (1 time)
2006 Uniform mixing of high-Tc superconductivity and antiferromagnetism on a single CuO2 plane of a Hg-based five-layered cuprate.
72  AFM-(1) Mn,AFM = (3.8+/-0.5) x 10(4), PDI
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
GPC (1 time)
MALLS (1 time)
PNIPAM (1 time)
2005 Molecular weight and polydispersity estimation of adsorbing polymer brushes by atomic force microscopy.
73  aforementioned suspensions onto SAM/Au substrate is examined by atomic force
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CMC (1 time)
DLS (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2011 Detergent-protein interactions in aqueous buffer suspensions of Photosystem I (PS I).
74  Aframomum melegueta
(1 time)
Pharmaceutical Preparations
(1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
EPM (1 time)
MWM (1 time)
2016 Involvement of Antioxidant System in the Amelioration of Scopolamine-Induced Memory Impairment by Grains of Paradise (Aframomum melegueta K. Schum.) Extract.
75  AFT monomer
(1 time)
AFT (1 time)
2017 Application of an Addition-Fragmentation-Chain Transfer Monomer in Di(meth)acrylate Network Formation to Reduce Polymerization Shrinkage Stress.
76  after fatty meal
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
NVGB (1 time)
1980 Tomography of the biliary tract during oral cholecystography: a review of 200 cases.
77  aggressive fibromatosis
(1 time)
Cells
(1 time)
FNAC (1 time)
2012 Multicentric synchronous recurrent aggressive fibromatosis.
78  air filtration materials
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2016 Slip-Effect Functional Air Filter for Efficient Purification of PM2.5.
79  Alcohol-Free essential oil Mouthrinse
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ACM (1 time)
BI (1 time)
MGI (1 time)
2018 The effects of essential oil mouthrinses with or without alcohol on plaque and gingivitis: a randomized controlled clinical study.
80  alcohol-free mouthwash
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
Bcc (1 time)
PFGE (1 time)
2007 Multistate outbreak of Burkholderia cenocepacia colonization and infection associated with the use of intrinsically contaminated alcohol-free mouthwash.
81  also confirmed that the extracellular vesicles released upon treatment
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
amp-resistant (1 time)
CLSM (1 time)
E. coli (1 time)
2020 Cationic π-Conjugated Polyelectrolyte Shows Antimicrobial Activity by Causing Lipid Loss and Lowering Elastic Modulus of Bacteria.
82  alternating forearm movements
(1 time)
AHM (1 time)
PD (1 time)
RFT (1 time)
2018 Optical Hand Tracking: A Novel Technique for the Assessment of Bradykinesia in Parkinson's Disease.
83  alternation favors T (S) state with FM
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BS (1 time)
DFT (1 time)
SOMO (1 time)
2022 Spin Alternation Rule in USCF for Through-Bond Magnetic Coupling─A New Look: Why and When Does It Arise and How To See It.
84  amniotic fluid material
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
AFE (1 time)
PAB (1 time)
1985 Is amniotic fluid material in the central circulation of peripartum patients pathologic?
85  amplitude-frequency modulation
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 1988 [Amplitude-frequency modulation of electroencephalogram associated with rhythmic movements].
86  anaerobically-fermented MKR
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
MKR (1 time)
2016 Simultaneous production of l-lactic acid with high optical activity and a soil amendment with food waste that demonstrates plant growth promoting activity.
87  analytic function method
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ARIMA (1 time)
DESM (1 time)
ESM (1 time)
2010 A study on industrial accident rate forecasting and program development of estimated zero accident time in Korea.
88  Anatomical Facsimile Models
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 2011 [An anatomic facsimile model with origin inner ear structures for temporal bone preparations].
89  angle called: masticatory functional angle
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
NOE (1 time)
sEMG (1 time)
2010 Clinical and computerized evaluation in study of temporo-mandibular joint intracapsular disease.
90  anisotropic fast marching
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2016 Interactive retinal vessel centreline extraction and boundary delineation using anisotropic fast marching and intensities consistency.
91  anterior cranial fossa skull base meningioma
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
PFM (1 time)
2019 Feasibility of Bundled Payments in Anterior, Middle, and Posterior Cranial Fossa Skull Base Meningioma Surgery: MarketScan Analysis of Health Care Utilization and Outcomes.
92  anterior fibromuscular stroma
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
PZ (1 time)
TZ (1 time)
2001 Patterns of spread of adenocarcinoma in the prostate as related to cancer volume.
93  anterior forebrain mesocircuit
(1 time)
Brain Diseases
(1 time)
DMN (1 time)
PDOC (1 time)
2021 Disruptions in Effective Connectivity within and between Default Mode Network and Anterior Forebrain Mesocircuit in Prolonged Disorders of Consciousness.
94  anti-fatigue mat
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
LBP (1 time)
NPDs (1 time)
PDs (1 time)
2021 Anti-fatigue mats can reduce low back discomfort in transient pain developers.
95  anti-FM
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
FM (1 time)
vdW (1 time)
2021 Strain-controlled electronic and magnetic properties of tVS2/hVS2 van der Waals heterostructures.
96  anti-fracking movement
(1 time)
--- 2020 Speaking power to power: Grassroots democracy in the anti-fracking movement in Bulgaria.
97  antiferromagnet layer
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
FM (1 time)
SOT (1 time)
2021 Current-Induced Manipulation of the Exchange Bias in a Pt/Co/NiO Structure.
98  antiferromagnetic L11-like
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ETT (1 time)
2017 Evidence for the antiferromagnetic ground state of Zr2TiAl: a first-principles study.
99  antiferromagnetic propagation vector Q
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2011 Incommensurate spin-density wave order in electron-doped BaFe2 As2 superconductors.
100  antiferromagnetic transition
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2016 Structure and Magnetic Behavior of Layered Honeycomb Tellurates, BiM(III)TeO6 (M = Cr, Mn, Fe).