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Abbreviation: AFP
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Long forms: 155

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
alpha-fetoprotein
(7270 times)
Neoplasms
(1653 times)
HCC (2326 times)
hCG (485 times)
CEA (468 times)
1971 Human alpha fetoprotein in body fluids.
acute flaccid paralysis
(517 times)
Public Health
(126 times)
WHO (82 times)
OPV (68 times)
WPV (37 times)
1992 Screening of cases of acute flaccid paralysis for poliomyelitis eradication: ways to improve specificity.
antifreeze protein
(153 times)
Biochemistry
(44 times)
TH (8 times)
AFGP (6 times)
GH (4 times)
1980 Antifreeze proteins from the shorthorn sculpin, Myoxocephalus scorpius: isolation and characterization.
anterior forebrain pathway
(39 times)
Neurology
(28 times)
LMAN (8 times)
RA (7 times)
DA (4 times)
1999 Long-range GABAergic projection in a circuit essential for vocal learning.
antifungal protein
(29 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
aa (1 time)
CMC (1 time)
DAA (1 time)
1993 Purification, characterization, and cDNA cloning of an antifungal protein from the hemolymph of Sarcophaga peregrina (flesh fly) larvae.
atypical facial pain
(29 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
BMS (4 times)
TMJ (4 times)
GPN (3 times)
1983 Ineffective dental and surgical treatment associated with atypical facial pain.
antifreeze polypeptide
(25 times)
Biochemistry
(17 times)
AFGP (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
GH (1 time)
1982 Radioimmunoassay for the antifreeze polypeptides of the winter flounder: seasonal profile and immunological cross-reactivity with other fish antifreezes.
adiabatic full passage
(15 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(12 times)
CASL (2 times)
CPMG (2 times)
CHESS (1 time)
1985 Calculated T1 images derived from a partial saturation-inversion recovery pulse sequence with adiabatic fast passage.
anterior fontanelle pressure
(14 times)
Pediatrics
(6 times)
ICP (6 times)
CPB (3 times)
MAP (3 times)
1978 Clinical significance of monitoring anterior fontanel pressure in sick neonates and infants.
10  abdominal fat percentage
(13 times)
Genetics
(5 times)
AFW (7 times)
BW (4 times)
BMW (2 times)
2001 Estimation of the genetic parameters of meat characteristics and of their genetic correlations with growth and body composition in an experimental broiler line.
11  anal fistula plug
(11 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
MAF (2 times)
CI (1 time)
EAAF (1 time)
2008 Initial experience on efficacy in closure of cryptoglandular and Crohn's transsphincteric fistulas by the use of the anal fistula plug.
12  ablative fractional photothermolysis
(9 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
CI (3 times)
CT26WT (1 time)
MAZ (1 time)
2009 Treatment of Poikiloderma of Civatte with ablative fractional laser resurfacing: prospective study and review of the literature.
13  antifungal prophylaxis
(9 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
AML (4 times)
CI (2 times)
IFD (2 times)
2009 Invasive fungal infections in pediatric leukemia patients receiving fluconazole prophylaxis.
14  Australian Federal Police
(7 times)
Jurisprudence
(4 times)
GC-MS (3 times)
MDMA (3 times)
ABF (1 time)
2005 Impact of Federal drug law enforcement on the supply of heroin in Australia.
15  automated function prediction
(7 times)
Medical Informatics
(5 times)
GO (3 times)
CAFA (1 time)
ISMB (1 time)
2006 A categorization approach to automated ontological function annotation.
16  advanced Fenton process
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
TOC (3 times)
LWR (2 times)
APS (1 time)
2007 A modified advanced Fenton process for industrial wastewater treatment.
17  anatomy-function-pathology
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
CI (1 time)
GERD (1 time)
sGERD (1 time)
1995 An index to predict outcome of surgery for reflux esophagitis based on the AFP classification.
18  abdominal fat pad
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
A-V (1 time)
BM (1 time)
LPL (1 time)
1996 Changes in body composition and adipocyte cellularity of male broilers subjected to varying degrees of early-life feed restriction.
19  adaptive fuzzy partition
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
--- 2003 Database mining with adaptive fuzzy partition: application to the prediction of pesticide toxicity on rats.
20  advanced facultative pond
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
MP (3 times)
SFP (3 times)
AIWPS (2 times)
2003 The role of sulphidogenesis in anaerobic treatment phase of tannery wastewater treatment in advanced integrated wastewater pond system.
21  air-filled porosity
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
SSFs (1 time)
VS (1 time)
1998 A capillary-driven root module for plant growth in microgravity.
22  amniotic fluid alphafetoprotein
(4 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
FGR (1 time)
1975 Amniotic fluid alphafetoprotein measurements in the early prenatal diagnosis of central nervous system disorders.
23  Australian Family Physician
(4 times)
Primary Health Care
(4 times)
--- 2006 Research papers submitted to Australian Family Physician - types and timelines.
24  biomarkers-alpha fetoprotein
(4 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
hCG (2 times)
A1AT (1 time)
CVH (1 time)
1995 Repeat maternal serum testing for Down's syndrome screening using multiple markers with special reference to free alpha and free beta-hCG.
25  across-fiber pattern
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
FL (1 time)
1991 Across-fiber patterns may contain a sensory code for stimulus intensity.
26  age at first pregnancy
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AFM (1 time)
AFSI (1 time)
BCSM (1 time)
2009 Early age at first sexual intercourse and early pregnancy are risk factors for cervical cancer in developing countries.
27  amniotic fluid pressure
(3 times)
Perinatology
(2 times)
CON (1 time)
FpH (1 time)
ICP (1 time)
1984 Correction of congenital hydrocephalus in utero II: Efficacy of in utero shunting.
28  anterior fat body protein
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
ABP (1 time)
Dca (1 time)
LRE (1 time)
2002 Interaction of the anterior fat body protein with the hexamerin receptor in the blowfly Calliphora vicina.
29  anterior fat pad
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CABG (2 times)
POAF (2 times)
AFIST III (1 time)
2007 Impact of epicardial anterior fat pad retention on postcardiothoracic surgery atrial fibrillation incidence: the AFIST-III Study.
30  Aspergillus fumigatus phytase
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
AnP (1 time)
1998 Effects of Aspergillus fumigatus phytase on phosphorus digestibility, phosphorus excretion, bone strength and performance in pigs.
31  attack-free periods
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
FMF (3 times)
AP (2 times)
AOPP (1 time)
2011 Increased oxidative stress in patients with familial Mediterranean fever during attack period.
32  automated protein-function prediction
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
BoW (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2018 DeepText2GO: Improving large-scale protein function prediction with deep semantic text representation.
33  5-acetylfuro(2,3-c)pyridine
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ee (1 time)
GDH (1 time)
2003 Microbial enantioselective reduction of acetylpyridine derivatives.
34  8-demethyl-8-aminoriboflavin-5'-phosphate
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
RP (1 time)
2016 Identification of the Key Enzyme of Roseoflavin Biosynthesis.
35  ABI five binding protein
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
ABA (1 time)
ABI5 (1 time)
AFPs (1 time)
2003 AFP is a novel negative regulator of ABA signaling that promotes ABI5 protein degradation.
36  ablative FP
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
FP (2 times)
NAFP (1 time)
2009 Review of fractional photothermolysis: treatment indications and efficacy.
37  Academic Foundation Programme
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
PDSA (1 time)
2018 How to apply for the academic foundation programme.
38  access flap procedure
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BBM (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2004 Guided tissue regeneration in intrabony periodontal defects following treatment with two bioabsorbable membranes in combination with bovine bone mineral graft. A clinical and radiographic study.
39  acrylic fixed prosthesis
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
C-MFP (1 time)
1995 The influence of splinting procedures on the periodontal and peri-implant tissue damping characteristics. A longitudinal study with the Periotest device.
40  affective psychoses
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
FEP (2 times)
SSD (2 times)
c-PAS (1 time)
2015 Functional deterioration from the premorbid period to 2 years after the first episode of psychosis in early-onset psychosis.
41  Age at first parturition
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
PI (2 times)
ABCZ (1 time)
AFC (1 time)
2010 Assessment of age at first parturition by accounting censored data: the example of small ruminants in agropastoral herds in Senegal.
42  alpha fetoprotein antigen
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ECL (2 times)
NCs (2 times)
CA125 (1 time)
2012 Ultrasensitive immunoassay based on anodic near-infrared electrochemiluminescence from dual-stabilizer-capped CdTe nanocrystals.
43  alpha-fetoprotein concentration
(2 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
HCC (1 time)
LT (1 time)
UCSF (1 time)
1980 Amniotic fluid alpha-fetoprotein measurements by laser immunonephelometry.
44  AMTI force plate
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
WBB (2 times)
AP (1 time)
COP (1 time)
2014 Validating and calibrating the Nintendo Wii balance board to derive reliable center of pressure measures.
45  analysis for alphafetoprotein
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
IgG (1 time)
SLE (1 time)
1983 Presence of immunoglobulin G in human sera binding to alphafetoprotein.
46  antifreeze protein gene
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
BiP (1 time)
GH (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
1992 Growth enhancement in transgenic Atlantic salmon by the use of an "all fish" chimeric growth hormone gene construct.
47  antifungal polypeptide
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
lf-AFP (1 time)
1995 Characterization of the antifungal protein secreted by the mould Aspergillus giganteus.
48  antral follicle population
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
AMH (2 times)
2014 Plasma antimullerian hormone as a predictor of ovarian antral follicular population in Bos indicus (Nelore) and Bos taurus (Holstein) heifers.
49  assays for alphafoetoprotein
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
hCG (1 time)
mAbs (1 time)
1982 Maternal alphafetoprotein screening by the polypropylene tube immunoradiometric assay on dried blood.
50  ATLAS Forward Proton
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
MCP-PMT (2 times)
TOF (1 time)
2016 Construction of the optical part of a time-of-flight detector prototype for the AFP detector.
51  attributable fractions in the population
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
mOR (2 times)
PSS (2 times)
DRS (1 time)
2009 Risk factors for typhoid in Darjeeling, West Bengal, India: evidence for practical action.
52  autofluorescent protein
(2 times)
Retroviridae
(1 time)
CCD (1 time)
ENaC (1 time)
FV (1 time)
2007 Subcellular location of serum- and glucocorticoid-induced kinase-1 in renal and mammary epithelial cells.
53  automated forms processing
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CIs (1 time)
1998 Validation of automated forms processing. A comparison of Teleform with manual data entry.
54  RGD-activated, fixed platelets
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
Fg (1 time)
TSP (1 time)
1994 Aggregation efficiency of activated normal or fixed platelets in a simple shear field: effect of shear and fibrinogen occupancy.
55  2-amino-3-ferrocenylpropionic acid
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 1997 Preparation and Characterization of New Self-Assembled Polyamide Film Containing Disulfide Bonds on Gold Electrode
56  2-amino-3-fluoro-1-phenylpropane
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
--- 1982 Analysis of a monofluorinated analogue of amphetamine in brain tissue using gas chromatography with electron-capture detection.
57  8-aminoriboflavin 5'-phosphate
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 Structure-Guided Analyses of a Key Enzyme Involved in the Biosynthesis of an Antivitamin.
58  a-fetal protein level
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
FDG (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
2010 Role of FDG-PET in the evaluation and staging of hepatocellular carcinoma with comparison of tumor size, AFP level, and histologic grade.
59  A-Fetoprofein
(1 time)
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
(1 time)
SLCTs (1 time)
2012 Ovarian Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor in a 9-month-old infant with special histologic pattern.
60  ABA-insensitive five binding protein
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
ABA (1 time)
2008 Differential expression of three ABA-insensitive five binding protein (AFP)-like genes in wheat.
61  acetabular fat pad
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
FLS (1 time)
IAAT (1 time)
IAATs (1 time)
2017 Knee and hip intra-articular adipose tissues (IAATs) compared with autologous subcutaneous adipose tissue: a specific phenotype for a central player in osteoarthritis.
62  aceti fermentation powder
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
RSDR (1 time)
2008 Antioxidant activity of vinegar produced from distilled residues of the Japanese liquor shochu.
63  acid finger protein
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 1995 Cloning of a new "finger" protein gene (ZNF173) within the class I region of the human MHC.
64  acid, furfural, and phenol
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
PC (1 time)
PE (1 time)
PI (1 time)
2012 Integrated phospholipidomics and transcriptomics analysis of Saccharomyces cerevisiae with enhanced tolerance to a mixture of acetic acid, furfural, and phenol.
65  acid-elution techniques were compared with plasma -alpha-fetoprotein
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 1982 A comparison of acid-elution techniques and alpha-fetoprotein levels for the detection of fetomaternal bleeding.
66  acid-free pummelo
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
JS (1 time)
2015 Citrus PH5-like H(+)-ATPase genes: identification and transcript analysis to investigate their possible relationship with citrate accumulation in fruits.
67  acids, furans, and phenols
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Proteomic analysis reveals complex metabolic regulation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae cells against multiple inhibitors stress.
68  Actinotrichia fragilis, in the dry powder form
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
OA (1 time)
OECD (1 time)
2017 PROSPECTIVE EFFECT OF RED ALGAE, ACTINOTRICHIA FRAGILIS, AGAINST SOME OSTEOARTHRITIS AETIOLOGY.
69  active feed polishing
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Dual-rotor tool path generation and removal error analysis in active feed polishing.
70  acute flaccid paralysis cases
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
FP (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
PV (1 time)
2006 The molecular characterization of poliovirus strains by the RT-PCR-RFLP assay and its use in the active surveillance for acute flaccid paralysis cases in Romania between 2001-2006.
71  Acute flaccid paralysis surveillance
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2014 An epidemiological analysis of acute flaccid paralysis and its surveillance system in Iraq, 1997-2011.
72  Acute focal pyelonephritis
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 2002 The sonographic appearance of acute focal pyelonephritis 8 years experience.
73  Acute Onset of Flaccid Paralysis
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
NIDs (1 time)
OPV (1 time)
2003 Progress and challenges toward poliomyelitis eradication in Indonesia.
74  acute peripheral facial palsy
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BFP (1 time)
IFP (1 time)
2009 Prevalence of taste disorders in idiopathic and B. burgdorferi-associated facial palsy.
75  adaptive forward prediction
(1 time)
--- 2014 Modelling and control issues of dynamically substructured systems: adaptive forward prediction taken as an example.
76  adaptive Fourier ptychography
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
FP (1 time)
2014 Content adaptive illumination for Fourier ptychography.
77  adiabatic fast passage principle
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
--- 1997 Design of adiabatic pulses for fat-suppression using analytic solutions of the Bloch equation.
78  Adoptive Family Preservation
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2007 Strengthening adoption practice, listening to adoptive families.
79  adult film performers
(1 time)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(1 time)
STIs (1 time)
2017 Transmission Behaviors and Prevalence of Chlamydia and Gonorrhea Among Adult Film Performers.
80  advancement flap procedures
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ACP (1 time)
FGS (1 time)
LIFT (1 time)
2016 Adoption and success rates of perineal procedures for fistula-in-ano: a systematic review.
81  aequorea fluorescent protein
(1 time)
Biomedical Technology
(1 time)
--- 2006 Practical three color live cell imaging by widefield microscopy.
82  aerated-facultative pond
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BOD (1 time)
COD (1 time)
DAF (1 time)
2016 Poultry slaughterhouse wastewater treatment plant for high quality effluent.
83  aerodynamic force platform
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2015 In vivo recording of aerodynamic force with an aerodynamic force platform: from drones to birds.
84  AFP and DCP was similar
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
DCP (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
2013 A combination of alpha-fetoprotein and des-gamma-carboxy prothrombin is superior in detection of hepatocellular carcinoma.
85  AFP- and p53-positive patients
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
CK19 (1 time)
CK7 (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
2017 Immunohistochemical markers for hepatocellular carcinoma prognosis after liver resection and liver transplantation.
86  AFP-IgM
(1 time)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(1 time)
HCC (1 time)
TR-IFMA (1 time)
2009 Simultaneous determination of alpha-fetoprotein immune complexes and alpha-fetoprotein concentration in hepatocellular carcinoma using dual-label time-resolved immunofluorometric assays.
87  Age-Friendly Philadelphia
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2014 Building an integrated research/policy planning age-friendly agenda.
88  Age-of-Fitness Point
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
RFI (1 time)
TFS (1 time)
1999 Body growth and food intake in moderately and severely malnourished rats.
89  Agence France-Presse
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
--- 2004 [Are newspapers a reliable source of information about doping in sports?].
90  aggregate-forming pili
(1 time)
AAF (1 time)
afpR (1 time)
BFP (1 time)
2018 Novel type of pilus associated with a Shiga-toxigenic E. coli hybrid pathovar conveys aggregative adherence and bacterial virulence.
91  Air Floss Pro
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BOP (1 time)
BSL (1 time)
MGI (1 time)
2015 Efficacy of Two Interdental Cleaning Devices on Clinical Signs of Inflammation: A Four-Week Randomized Controlled Trial.
92  Air Flow Plus
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CHX (1 time)
COMP (1 time)
MT (1 time)
2017 Discoloration of PMMA, composite, and PEEK.
93  alcoholic fermentation processes
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CDU (1 time)
2016 Environmental potential of the use of CO2 from alcoholic fermentation processes. The CO2-AFP strategy.
94  aligned fragment pair
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2008 CLePAPS: fast pair alignment of protein structures based on conformational letters.
95  allergy to furred pets
(1 time)
Nursing
(1 time)
FHS (1 time)
FPAC (1 time)
HRQL (1 time)
2012 Validation of a disease-specific questionnaire for measuring parent-reported health-related quality of life in children with allergies.
96  alpha-(18F)fluoro-17 beta-estradiol(18F-ES) and serum alphafetoprotein
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1990 Binding of 16 alpha-[18F]fluoro-17 beta-estradiol to alphafetoprotein in Sprague-Dawley female rats affects blood levels.
97  alpha-fetoglobulin
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AAF (1 time)
ATPase (1 time)
DEN (1 time)
2008 Modulation of energy metabolic enzyme expression in N-nitrosodiethylamine-mediated hepatocarcinogenesis by Chinese herbs, Huqi San.
98  alpha-Fetoprotein IgG
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CEA (1 time)
GAH (1 time)
ICP-MS (1 time)
2007 Detection of multiple proteins on one spot by laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and application to immuno- microarray with element-tagged antibodies.
99  alpha-fetoprotein precursor
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
CPB2 (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2018 Peptidome Analysis Reveals Novel Serum Biomarkers for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder in China.
100  alpha-fetoprotein promoter driving enhanced green fluorescent protein expression
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
hESCs (1 time)
2008 Isolation and transcriptional profiling of purified hepatic cells derived from human embryonic stem cells.