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■ Search Result - Abbreviation : AFR

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Abbreviation: AFR
Appearance Frequency: 621 time(s)
Long forms: 140

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
ascorbate free radical
(61 times)
Biochemistry
(21 times)
ESR (13 times)
ASC (6 times)
ROS (6 times)
1988 Ascorbate free radical reductase and ascorbate redox cycle in the human lens.
African
(52 times)
Genetics, Medical
(6 times)
EUR (35 times)
AMR (17 times)
EAS (13 times)
2000 Cord blood apolipoprotein-E genotype distribution and plasma lipid indices in newborns of different ethnicity.
albumin-to-fibrinogen ratio
(51 times)
Neoplasms
(21 times)
ROC (22 times)
OS (14 times)
AUC (9 times)
2017 Prognostic value of a novel FPR biomarker in patients with surgical stage II and III gastric cancer.
animal facility rearing
(37 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
MS (22 times)
PND (5 times)
MS15 (4 times)
2002 Development of adult ethanol preference and anxiety as a consequence of neonatal maternal separation in Long Evans rats and reversal with antidepressant treatment.
ablative fractional resurfacing
(28 times)
General Surgery
(12 times)
FP (2 times)
HSP (2 times)
MAL (2 times)
2007 In vivo histological evaluation of a novel ablative fractional resurfacing device.
adverse food reactions
(26 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(22 times)
ED (5 times)
FA-SLIT (3 times)
pVAS (2 times)
2006 A retrospective analysis of case series using home-prepared and chicken hydrolysate diets in the diagnosis of adverse food reactions in 181 pruritic dogs.
African Region
(26 times)
Public Health
(16 times)
WHO (18 times)
EMR (8 times)
SIAs (6 times)
1996 Progress toward poliomyelitis eradication--Eastern Africa, 1988-1995.
annual failure rate
(23 times)
Dentistry
(21 times)
GDPs (2 times)
HR (2 times)
SSC (2 times)
2012 Long-term survival of calcium phosphate-coated dental implants: a meta-analytical approach to the clinical literature.
atrial fibrillatory rate
(22 times)
Cardiology
(20 times)
AF (17 times)
fpm (8 times)
SR (4 times)
1985 Biphasic effect of a gradual rise in plasma calcium concentration on vulnerability to fibrillation.
10  age at first reproduction
(17 times)
Biology
(10 times)
LRS (4 times)
ALR (2 times)
DCA (1 time)
2002 Life history changes in the benthic cladoceran Chydorus piger induced by low concentrations of sediment-bound cadmium.
11  Atrial Flow Regulator
(17 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
HF (3 times)
PAH (2 times)
PCWP (2 times)
2017 Atrial septostomy with a predefined diameter using a novel occlutech atrial flow regulator improves symptoms and cardiac index in patients with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension.
12  anthracnose fruit rot
(10 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
StAS (3 times)
BFR (2 times)
BPH (1 time)
1997 Efficacy and Economics of Management Strategies to Control Anthracnose Fruit Rot in Processing Tomatoes in the Midwest.
13  air flow rate
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
AP (1 time)
ATP (1 time)
AVE (1 time)
2014 Biodrying of sewage sludge: kinetics of volatile solids degradation under different initial moisture contents and air-flow rates.
14  average flow rate
(9 times)
Urology
(3 times)
MFR (5 times)
BPH (4 times)
IPSS (3 times)
1989 [Studies of the new parameter based on the urinary flow rate curve in benign prostatic hypertrophy].
15  Accountability for Reasonableness
(8 times)
Health Services Research
(3 times)
REACT (3 times)
CHMT (1 time)
FGD (1 time)
2010 Fairness and legitimacy of decisions during delivery of malaria services and ITN interventions in Zambia.
16  AF recurrence
(8 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
AF (8 times)
LA (5 times)
CA (2 times)
2011 Left atrial reservoir function predicts atrial fibrillation recurrence after catheter ablation: a two-dimensional speckle strain study.
17  Africa
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
EUR (4 times)
EMR (3 times)
MENA (2 times)
1994 Breastfeeding in Africa and the Latin American and Caribbean region: the potential role of urbanization.
18  Antibiotic fermentation residue
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
ARGs (2 times)
CMDs (1 time)
HT (1 time)
2019 Conversion of phosphorus and nitrogen in lincomycin residue during microwave-assisted hydrothermal liquefaction and its application for Pb2+ removal.
19  alveolar fluid reabsorption
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
AECs (3 times)
ACF (1 time)
AEC (1 time)
2006 Beta-adrenergic receptor stimulation and adenoviral overexpression of superoxide dismutase prevent the hypoxia-mediated decrease in Na,K-ATPase and alveolar fluid reabsorption.
20  average urinary flow rate
(6 times)
Urology
(2 times)
IPSS (4 times)
BPH (3 times)
IPSS-QoL (2 times)
1999 Clinical comparison of selective and non-selective alpha 1A-adrenoceptor antagonists for bladder outlet obstruction associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia: studies on tamsulosin and terazosin in Chinese patients. The Chinese Tamsulosin Study Group.
21  adaptive frequency response
(5 times)
Audiology
(3 times)
AI (1 time)
SPL (1 time)
1990 Evaluation of an articulation-index based model for predicting the effects of adaptive frequency response hearing aids.
22  African American
(5 times)
Science
(2 times)
EUR (4 times)
GWAS (2 times)
ACMG (1 time)
2009 Signatures of natural selection are not uniform across genes of innate immune system, but purifying selection is the dominant signature.
23  African ancestry
(5 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
EUR (3 times)
AD (1 time)
CDR-SOB (1 time)
2020 Transferability of Ancestry-Specific and Cross-Ancestry CYP2A6 Activity Genetic Risk Scores in African and European Populations.
24  air-fuel ratio
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
TRQ (2 times)
AFTCS (1 time)
DPFs (1 time)
2008 Adaptive critic learning techniques for engine torque and air-fuel ratio control.
25  antegrade fenestration and re-entry
(5 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
ADR (4 times)
CTO (4 times)
PCI (3 times)
2018 Antegrade fenestration and re-entry: A new controlled subintimal technique for chronic total occlusion recanalization.
26  aortic flow rate
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CFR (3 times)
HR (3 times)
ACEi (1 time)
1978 Cardioplegic solutions for myocardial preservation: analysis of hypothermic arrest, potassium arrest, and procaine arrest.
27  atrial fibrillation recurrence
(4 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
CB (2 times)
RFCA (2 times)
CA (1 time)
2016 Prolonged P-wave duration is associated with atrial fibrillation recurrence after radiofrequency catheter ablation: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
28  Autofluorescence Reader
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
AGEs (2 times)
AF (1 time)
AU (1 time)
2004 Simple non-invasive assessment of advanced glycation endproduct accumulation.
29  average firing rate
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ACF (1 time)
BNP (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2005 Relationship between plasma BNP levels and left ventricular diastolic function as measured by radionuclide ventriculography in patients with coronary artery disease.
30  1,5-anhydro-D-fructose reductase
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
1,5-AF (1 time)
DD (1 time)
GFO (1 time)
2006 Crystal structure of NADP(H)-dependent 1,5-anhydro-D-fructose reductase from Sinorhizobium morelense at 2.2 A resolution: construction of a NADH-accepting mutant and its application in rare sugar synthesis.
31  abdominal fat rate
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ALT (1 time)
aMHE (1 time)
AST (1 time)
2015 Correlation of abdominal fat ratio with hepatic CT enhancement.
32  Aberrant facial nerve regeneration
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
BDS (1 time)
DME (1 time)
EB (1 time)
2004 Aberrant facial nerve regeneration (AFR): an under-recognized cause of ptosis.
33  adjusted farrowing rate
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
MPA (2 times)
TPB (2 times)
AIs (1 time)
2016 Single fixed-time artificial insemination in gilts and weaned sows using pLH at estrus onset administered through vulvar submucosal route.
34  adolescent fertility rates
(3 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
HEAT (2 times)
PAF (2 times)
PAR (2 times)
2018 The health benefits of secondary education in adolescents and young adults: An international analysis in 186 low-, middle- and high-income countries from 1990 to 2013.
35  African descent
(3 times)
Genetic Phenomena
(1 time)
EUR (3 times)
AMD (1 time)
CFH (1 time)
2019 Association of age-related macular degeneration with complement activation products, smoking, and single nucleotide polymorphisms in South Carolinians of European and African descent.
36  alternating fitting residue
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
EJCR (2 times)
ATLD (1 time)
DNR (1 time)
2006 Determination of daunomycin in human plasma and urine by using an interference-free analysis of excitation-emission matrix fluorescence data with second-order calibration.
37  amyloid-forming region
(3 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
PBC (3 times)
NT-Als (1 time)
2014 The peptide-binding cavity is essential for Als3-mediated adhesion of Candida albicans to human cells.
38  anal fistula recurrence
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
RRs (1 time)
2019 Risk Factors for Recurrence after anal fistula surgery: A meta-analysis.
39  aqueous flare response
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CGRP (2 times)
NO (2 times)
PACAP (2 times)
1975 The inhibiting effect of indomethacin on the disruption of the blood-aqueous barrier in the rabbit eye.
40  aspiration flow rate
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
BH (1 time)
IOP (1 time)
OVD (1 time)
2006 Thermal study of bare tips with various system parameters and incision sizes.
41  acid-fast rods
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
--- 2006 Distribution of mycobacteria in clinically healthy ornamental fish and their aquarium environment.
42  acute fever and rash
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
ABD (1 time)
AFVR (1 time)
AJ (1 time)
1995 An approach to acute fever and rash (AFR) in the adult.
43  adaptive feature recalibration
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CFS (1 time)
MRCNN (1 time)
TCE (1 time)
2021 An Attention-Based Deep Learning Approach for Sleep Stage Classification With Single-Channel EEG.
44  aerobic fluorescence recovery
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
GFP (1 time)
HGT (1 time)
MGEs (1 time)
2005 Rapid detection of a gfp-marked Enterobacter aerogenes under anaerobic conditions by aerobic fluorescence recovery.
45  AFR/DMSO
(2 times)
Perinatal Care
(2 times)
CS (2 times)
ESR (2 times)
UA (2 times)
2012 New evaluation of fetal oxidative stress: measurement of the umbilical cord blood dimethyl sulfate-induced ascorbyl free radical by an electron spin resonance method.
46  Air Force Reserve
(2 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(2 times)
ANG (2 times)
AD (1 time)
USAF (1 time)
1987 Retrospective cohort analysis of class A mishaps in aviators evaluated at USAFSAM: 1957-1984.
47  Alcohol flushing reaction
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
ALDH (1 time)
FDG (1 time)
1997 Acute reactions to alcohol.
48  amplitude-frequency responses
(2 times)
Technology
(1 time)
NA (1 time)
Rpc (1 time)
SHAM (1 time)
1996 [Experience in developing devices for medical use exemplified by the electronic stethophonoendoscope].
49  anaerobic fermentation reactor
(2 times)
Technology
(1 time)
CMS (1 time)
COD (1 time)
DCW (1 time)
2014 Experiences with anaerobic treatment of fat-containing food waste liquids: two full scale studies with a novel anaerobic flotation reactor.
50  antifibroblast reaction
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
MLC (2 times)
CTL (1 time)
HC (1 time)
1975 Heterogeneity in the development of cytotoxic T lymphocytes in vitro revealed by sensitivity to hydrocortisone.
51  antifungal resistance
(2 times)
Fungi
(1 time)
AMR (1 time)
ARAF (1 time)
2020 Chromatin Structure and Drug Resistance in Candida spp.
52  any first recurrence
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
LRR (2 times)
PMRT (2 times)
DM (1 time)
2016 Incorporating Risk Factors to Identify the Indication of Post-mastectomy Radiotherapy in N1 Breast Cancer Treated with Optimal Systemic Therapy: A Multicenter Analysis in Korea (KROG 14-23).
53  ASCUS, favor reactive
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
ASCUS (2 times)
AFD (1 time)
AFHS (1 time)
1999 Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance: A cytohistological study in a colposcopy clinic.
54  Attenuated Far-Red Response
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
ARL2 (1 time)
FBK (1 time)
PAL (1 time)
2003 The F box protein AFR is a positive regulator of phytochrome A-mediated light signaling.
55  autofluorescence
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
AGEs (2 times)
AU (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
2013 Plasma advanced glycation end-products and skin autofluorescence are increased in COPD.
56  autologous flap reconstruction
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BCSS (2 times)
DFS (2 times)
DMFS (2 times)
2021 A propensity score-matched comparison of recurrence outcomes after immediate implant vs autologous flap reconstruction in patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer.
57  aberrant facial nerve regeneration synkinesis
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BDS (1 time)
BEB (1 time)
DME (1 time)
2018 Long-term outcome of flexible onabotulinum toxin A treatment in facial dystonia.
58  absolute F reticulocytes
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
FC (1 time)
FR (1 time)
Hb (1 time)
1989 Effect of hydroxyurea on the rheological properties of sickle erythrocytes in vivo.
59  absolute fracture risk
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
DXA (1 time)
2017 Use of dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, the trabecular bone score and quantitative computed tomography in the evaluation of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorders.
60  accelerated fractionated radiation
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CTC (1 time)
GTV (1 time)
LENT (1 time)
2006 Visual outcome of accelerated fractionated radiation for advanced sinonasal malignancies employing photons/protons.
61  accelerated functional rehabilitation
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AATR (1 time)
MIR (1 time)
non (1 time)
2020 Multiple comparisons of the efficacy and safety for six treatments in Acute Achilles Tendon Rupture patients: A systematic review and network meta-analysis.
62  acceleration of flow rate
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
CDP (1 time)
UPP (1 time)
USI (1 time)
2004 Preoperative pressure-flow studies: useful variables to predict the outcome of continence surgery.
63  accountability for reasonableness framework
(1 time)
NHS (1 time)
ReSPECT (1 time)
2021 Assessing the quality of ReSPECT documentation using an accountability for reasonableness framework.
64  accumulated flower ratios
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2006 Hyperspectral characteristics of canopy components and structure for phenological assessment of an invasive weed.
65  achieved flow rate
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
CRBSI (1 time)
DLC (1 time)
TLC (1 time)
2003 A multicenter, prospective, randomized, comparative evaluation of dual- versus triple-lumen catheters for hemodialysis and apheresis in 485 patients.
66  acoustic focal region
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
BFR (1 time)
HIFU (1 time)
US (1 time)
2003 Study of a "biological focal region" of high-intensity focused ultrasound.
67  Action Familiale Rwandaise
(1 time)
Family Planning Services
(1 time)
LAM (1 time)
1996 An assessment of the nine-month lactational amenorrhea method (MAMA-9) in Rwanda.
68  active fiber-based retroreflector
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2021 Improved active fiber-based retroreflector with intensity stabilization and a polarization monitor for the near UV.
69  active forward reach
(1 time)
Exercise Therapy
(1 time)
ABM (1 time)
GS (1 time)
TA (1 time)
2021 Abdominal bracing changes lower quarter muscle activity but not reach distances during active forward reach on an unstable surface.
70  acute functional reactivation
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
DCS (1 time)
2014 Acute functional reactivation of the language network during awake intraoperative brain mapping.
71  Adapted Functional Reach
(1 time)
Occupational Therapy
(1 time)
KUSBS (1 time)
STSB (1 time)
2020 Validity of the Sock Test for Sitting Balance: A Functional Sitting Balance Assessment.
72  adaptive feature remixing
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
SR (1 time)
2021 Light Field Super-Resolution via Adaptive Feature Remixing.
73  adaptive frame rate
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CCE (1 time)
2014 [Clinical practice using colon capsule endoscopy].
74  adaptive frequency response hearing aid
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
--- 1992 Performance with an adaptive frequency response hearing aid in a sample of elderly hearing-impaired listeners.
75  adaptive-frequency-range
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
CRPS (1 time)
HRV (1 time)
2013 Effects of long-term dharma-chan meditation on cardiorespiratory synchronization and heart rate variability behavior.
76  Adhesive fragment reattachment
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BOP (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2020 Long-term outcome of adhesive fragment reattachment in crown-root fractured teeth.
77  adiabatic fountain resonance
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2001 Superfluid fraction of (3)He-(4)He mixtures confined at 0.0483 microm between silicon wafers.
78  adult female Wistar rats that were maternally raised
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
COX (1 time)
mPFC (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2018 Why are maternally separated females inflexible? Brain activity pattern of COx and c-Fos.
79  Adverse Reactions to Food
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Epidemiologic studies about food allergy and food sensitization in tropical countries. Results and limitations.
80  affine registration
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
beta (1 time)
DCT (1 time)
GN (1 time)
2014 Online spatial normalization for real-time FMRI.
81  African heritage
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CAU (1 time)
2011 Low sex ratio in children of professional basketball players in Spain.
82  African Region of WHO
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
AFP (1 time)
NIDs (1 time)
WHO (1 time)
2001 Progress toward poliomyelitis eradication--West and Central Africa, 1999-2000.
83  African Regional Office
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
WHO (1 time)
1999 Progress toward measles elimination--Southern Africa, 1996-1998.
84  after flap reflection
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BFR (1 time)
2017 Cortical lamina technique: A therapeutic approach for lateral ridge augmentation using guided bone regeneration.
85  age of first ruminating behavior
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2021 Development of ruminating behavior in Holstein calves between birth and 30 days of age.
86  aggressive fluid resuscitation
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
LR (1 time)
MFR (1 time)
2020 Early Weight-Based Aggressive vs. Non-Aggressive Goal-Directed Fluid Resuscitation in the Early Phase of Acute Pancreatitis: An Open-Label Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial (The WATERFALL Trial), Design, and Rationale.
87  agonist foam rolling
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
A/ANTFR (1 time)
ANTFR (1 time)
FR (1 time)
2021 Total Training Volume and Muscle Soreness Parameters Performing Agonist or Antagonist Foam Rolling between Sets.
88  Air Force Regulation
(1 time)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
CDE (1 time)
Tre (1 time)
1991 Limitations to heavy work at 21 degrees C of personnel wearing the U.S. military chemical defense ensemble.
89  Air Fuel ration
(1 time)
IGCS (1 time)
LHV (1 time)
MSW (1 time)
2020 Dataset on the integrated downdraft gasifier and multi integrated gas cleaner system (IGCS) for municipal solid waste (MSW).
90  air mixture flow rate
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EBRT (1 time)
HFBR (1 time)
RE (1 time)
2012 A horizontal flow biofilm reactor (HFBR) technology for the removal of methane and hydrogen sulphide at low temperatures.
91  Alb-to-Fib ratio
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
ALB (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
dNLR (1 time)
2018 Circulating CEA-dNLR score predicts clinical outcome of metastatic gallbladder cancer patient.
92  albumin/fibrinogen
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CPVD (1 time)
GBM (1 time)
2022 A Multielement Prognostic Nomogram Based on a Peripheral Blood Test, Conventional MRI and Clinical Factors for Glioblastoma.
93  alkaloid fraction
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 2009 Protective effects of isolated polyphenolic and alkaloid fractions of Ruta graveolens L. on acute and chronic models of inflammation.
94  alkaloid fraction isolated from Ruta graveolens
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Oral administration of alkaloid fraction from Ruta graveolens inhibits oxidative stress and inflammation in hypercholesterolemic rabbits.
95  alkaloids of FR
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
C-P-T (1 time)
CORT (1 time)
2022 Antidepressant effects of total alkaloids of Fibraurea recisa on improving corticosterone-induced apoptosis of HT-22 cells and chronic unpredictable mild stress-induced depressive-like behaviour in mice.
96  allergic fungal rhinosinusitis are non-invasive
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
FB (1 time)
2018 Fungal sinusitis among patients with chronic rhinosinusitis who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery.
97  Altered fractionated radiotherapy
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CBT (1 time)
HFT (1 time)
NPC (1 time)
1997 Acute toxicities and feasibility of altered fractionated radiotherapy in nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
98  Alternaria fruit rot
(1 time)
Fungi
(1 time)
BABA (1 time)
2021 beta-Aminobutyric Acid Induced Resistance against Alternaria Fruit Rot in Apple Fruits.
99  Alternate forms reliability
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
BAM-COG (1 time)
CV (1 time)
DV (1 time)
2013 Puzzling with online games (BAM-COG): reliability, validity, and feasibility of an online self-monitor for cognitive performance in aging adults.
100  alternative fuels and raw materials
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LCA (1 time)
2009 Model for cradle-to-gate life cycle assessment of clinker production.