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Abbreviation: AFs
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Long forms: 110

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
aflatoxins
(234 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(60 times)
OTA (49 times)
AFB1 (35 times)
DON (18 times)
1982 Comparative mutagenicity of aflatoxins using a Salmonella/trout hepatic enzyme activation system.
actin filaments
(48 times)
Cell Biology
(19 times)
MTs (20 times)
ER (3 times)
FTIR (3 times)
1991 Heavy-meromyosin-decorated actin filaments: a simple method to preserve actin filaments for rotary shadowing.
adventitial fibroblasts
(42 times)
Vascular Diseases
(12 times)
Ang II (10 times)
SHR (6 times)
TGF-beta1 (4 times)
1999 Angiotensin II stimulates proliferation of adventitial fibroblasts cultured from rat aortic explants.
activation functions
(27 times)
Science
(6 times)
ER (9 times)
ERalpha (8 times)
MISS (3 times)
1994 Characterization of the ligand-dependent transactivation domain of thyroid hormone receptor.
attributable fractions
(26 times)
Communicable Diseases
(5 times)
ORs (8 times)
CI (7 times)
CIs (2 times)
2003 Dying for work: The magnitude of US mortality from selected causes of death associated with occupation.
absorbed fractions
(12 times)
Biophysics
(6 times)
SAFs (5 times)
AM (2 times)
BE (2 times)
2006 Voxel-based mouse and rat models for internal dose calculations.
allele frequencies
(11 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
ABCA1 (1 time)
BRAF (1 time)
cfDNA (1 time)
2006 Decreased frequencies of ABCA1 polymorphisms R219K and V771M in Hungarian patients with cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases.
assembly factors
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
CTD (1 time)
NPET (1 time)
PTC (1 time)
2011 Ribosome assembly factors prevent premature translation initiation by 40S assembly intermediates.
acceleration factors
(9 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
DWI (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
ADCs (1 time)
2008 Rapid 3D-T(1) mapping of cartilage with variable flip angle and parallel imaging at 3.0T.
10  anchoring fibrils
(8 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
RDEB (3 times)
DEB (2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
1986 Pretibial epidermolysis bullosa. Successful therapy with a skin graft.
11  ancillary features
(7 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
HCC (7 times)
LI-RADS (5 times)
LR-TR (2 times)
2018 LI-RADS ancillary features on CT and MRI.
12  assessment factors
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
BMC (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
CES (1 time)
2012 A consistent and transparent approach for calculation of Derived No-Effect Levels (DNELs) for petroleum substances.
13  Acylfulvenes
(5 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
AOR (2 times)
Ade (1 time)
dAdo (1 time)
2007 Depurinating acylfulvene-DNA adducts: characterizing cellular chemical reactions of a selective antitumor agent.
14  antral follicles
(5 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
EAFs (2 times)
PFs (2 times)
ANGPT (1 time)
2008 Intrabursal administration of the antiangiopoietin 1 antibody produces a delay in rat follicular development associated with an increase in ovarian apoptosis mediated by changes in the expression of BCL2 related genes.
15  asbestos fibres
(5 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
ABs (3 times)
AR (1 time)
CFs (1 time)
1986 A quantitative and histological study on pulmonary effects of asbestos exposure in general autopsied lungs.
16  activity fronts
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
PAF (1 time)
PP (1 time)
1990 Antagonism of endotoxin-induced disruption of equine gastrointestinal motility with the platelet-activating factor antagonist WEB 2086.
17  adult fibroblasts
(4 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
FFs (2 times)
AFSCs (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
2012 Embryonic development and implantation related gene expression of oocyte reconstructed with bovine trophoblast cells.
18  angiofibromas
(4 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
ADFs (1 time)
bFGF (1 time)
CTN (1 time)
1991 [Increase in alpha-actin and basic fibroblast growth factor in angiofibromas in patients with tuberous sclerosis].
19  accumulation factors
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
AFgs (1 time)
AFrs (1 time)
AFss (1 time)
2014 Enantioselective determination of triazole fungicide epoxiconazole bioaccumulation in tubifex based on HPLC-MS/MS.
20  acetabular fractures
(3 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
ORIF (2 times)
CT (1 time)
HFs (1 time)
2014 CT of preoperative and postoperative acetabular fractures revisited.
21  actin microfilaments
(3 times)
Botany
(3 times)
MTs (1 time)
VM (1 time)
2009 Actin and microtubule cytoskeleton interactions.
22  Ameloblastic fibromas
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
AFOs (2 times)
CDOs (2 times)
CXOs (2 times)
2007 [Mixed odontogenic tumors in children and adolescents].
23  ascitic fluids
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ICCs (1 time)
MenSCs (1 time)
MLNs (1 time)
2017 Oncolytic Adenovirus-Loaded Menstrual Blood Stem Cells Overcome the Blockade of Viral Activity Exerted by Ovarian Cancer Ascites.
24  Aspergillus flavus can produce aflatoxins
(3 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(2 times)
DMDS (1 time)
GO (1 time)
GPCR (1 time)
2017 Reduction of Aspergillus spp. and aflatoxins in peanut sauce processing by oil-less frying of chilli powder and retort processing.
25  absorption fractions
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
PTR-TOF-MS (1 time)
VOCs (1 time)
2013 Monte Carlo simulation of age-dependent radiation dose from alpha- and beta-emitting radionuclides to critical trabecular bone and bone marrow targets.
26  accidental falls
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
UFs (2 times)
ED (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2017 Clinical differences among the elderly admitted to the emergency department for accidental or unexplained falls and syncope.
27  acid fluorides
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ICAs (2 times)
SAMs (2 times)
TFFH (1 time)
2005 Reactivity control of carboxylic acid-terminated self-assembled monolayers on gold: acid fluoride versus interchain carboxylic anhydride.
28  additional findings
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
SL-DBT (1 time)
SLUS (1 time)
2015 Additional findings at preoperative breast MRI: the value of second-look digital breast tomosynthesis.
29  airway fibroblasts
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
DLFs (2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
2006 Regional fibroblast heterogeneity in the lung: implications for remodeling.
30  aligned fibers
(2 times)
Stem Cells
(1 time)
CMs (1 time)
hiPSC (1 time)
RFs (1 time)
2016 Creation of a Hybrid Scaffold with Dual Configuration of Aligned and Random Electrospun Fibers.
31  aligned nanofibers
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
miRNA (2 times)
PLLA (2 times)
iTRAQ (1 time)
2015 microRNA regulatory mechanism by which PLLA aligned nanofibers influence PC12 cell differentiation.
32  alkaloid fractions
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ChEs (1 time)
IA (1 time)
IFNG (1 time)
2016 Potent effects of alkaloid-rich extract from Huperzia selago against sodium nitroprusside-evoked PC12 cells damage via attenuation of oxidative stress and apoptosis.
33  allele fractions
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ctDNA (1 time)
NGS (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2019 Clinical Implications of Plasma-Based Genotyping With the Delivery of Personalized Therapy in Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.
34  alternative fuels
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
APCS (1 time)
BS (1 time)
LCA (1 time)
2018 Life cycle assessment of the use of alternative fuels in cement kilns: A case study.
35  amniotic fluids
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
AFP (1 time)
HRM (1 time)
1997 Risks for fetal abnormalities after very and moderately elevated AF-AFPs.
36  analyzed for aflatoxins
(2 times)
Mycotoxins
(2 times)
HPLC (2 times)
DON (1 time)
OTA (1 time)
2010 Aflatoxins levels in vegetable oils in Khartoum State, Sudan.
37  anchoring filaments
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
APMA (1 time)
BM (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2004 Equine laminitis: glucose deprivation and MMP activation induce dermo-epidermal separation in vitro.
38  ankle fractures
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2013 Ankle fractures in elderly patients.
39  antiflammins
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
PLA2 (1 time)
TG (1 time)
2000 Antiflammins. Bioactive peptides derived from uteroglobin.
40  aramid fibers
(2 times)
Polymers
(2 times)
IFSS (2 times)
FT-IR (1 time)
ILSS (1 time)
2018 Layer-by-Layer Self-Assembly Strategy for Surface Modification of Aramid Fibers to Enhance Interfacial Adhesion to Epoxy Resin.
41  A. flavus produces aflatoxins
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
GSC (1 time)
ISSR (1 time)
2016 Genetic diversity analysis of Aspergillus flavus isolates from plants and air by ISSR markers.
42  able-bodied fencers
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 Musculoskeletal injuries in elite able-bodied and wheelchair foil fencers--a pilot study.
43  access flaps
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CAL (1 time)
CI (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2020 Efficacy of access flap procedures compared to subgingival debridement in the treatment of periodontitis. A systematic review and meta-analysis.
44  Accessory flexions
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
HPs (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2004 Flexions of the popliteal artery: dynamic angiography.
45  Accumulation factors
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2020 Enantioselective behaviors of cis-epoxiconazole in vegetables-soil-earthworms system by liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
46  acentric fragments
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CBMN (1 time)
DCs (1 time)
2016 The radioprotective effect of metformin against cytotoxicity and genotoxicity induced by ionizing radiation in cultured human blood lymphocytes.
47  Acoustic filters
(1 time)
--- 2015 An acoustic filter based on layered structure.
48  Activated Fibers
(1 time)
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
(1 time)
BOLD (1 time)
dFC (1 time)
DTI (1 time)
2011 Activated fibers: fiber-centered activation detection in task-based FMRI.
49  activated fibroblasts
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
EMT (1 time)
2020 beta-Carotene exerts anti-colon cancer effects by regulating M2 macrophages and activated fibroblasts.
50  active features
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2019 Active features extracted by deep belief network for process monitoring.
51  adapting fields
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
TF (1 time)
1991 The influence of short-term adaptation of human rods and cones on cone-mediated grating visibility.
52  adaptive filters
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ASE (1 time)
EP (1 time)
MMSE (1 time)
1998 Evoked potential estimation using modified time-sequenced adaptive filter.
53  added findings
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
FDG (1 time)
PET (1 time)
2020 Clinical impact of pre-treatment FDG-PET/CT staging of primary ovarian, fallopian tube, and peritoneal cancers in women.
54  adenofibromas
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CAs (1 time)
2011 Pathogenesis of ovarian clear cell adenofibroma, atypical proliferative (borderline) tumor, and carcinoma: clinicopathologic features of tumors with endometriosis or adenofibromatous components support two related pathways of tumor development.
55  adjacent tissue fibroblasts
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CAFs (1 time)
EVs (1 time)
OTSCC (1 time)
2018 Proteomic Analysis of Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts Reveals a Paracrine Role for MFAP5 in Human Oral Tongue Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
56  Adjustment Factors
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
CMFs (1 time)
CMFunctions (1 time)
NB (1 time)
2016 Finite mixture modeling approach for developing crash modification factors in highway safety analysis.
57  adult females
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
OMU (1 time)
2008 Social organization of black-and-white snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus bieti) at Deqin, China.
58  aetiologic fractions
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
ACs (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2019 Long-term trends (1973-14) for obesity and educational inequalities among Austrian adults: men in the fast lane.
59  affective feelings
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
HTH (1 time)
RPE (1 time)
TT (1 time)
2020 Affective Feelings and Perceived Exertion During a 10-km Time Trial and Head-to-Head Running Race.
60  after- filters
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PFs (1 time)
RSFs (1 time)
2016 Ecological patterns, diversity and core taxa of microbial communities in groundwater-fed rapid gravity filters.
61  Aged sorption factors
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DMSA (1 time)
IMI (1 time)
MBT (1 time)
2012 Aging of methabenzthiazuron, imidacloprid, and N,N-dimethylsulfamide in silty soils and effects on sorption and dissipation.
62  aggregation factors
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2001 Carbohydrate self-recognition mediates marine sponge cellular adhesion.
63  air fresheners
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ACH (1 time)
VOCs (1 time)
2008 Head-space, small-chamber and in-vehicle tests for volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from air fresheners for the Korean market.
64  alcoholic fermentations
(1 time)
--- 2016 From grape berries to wine: population dynamics of cultivable yeasts associated to "Nero di Troia" autochthonous grape cultivar.
65  alleged fathers
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
STR (1 time)
2016 An incest case with three biological brothers as alleged fathers: Even 22 autosomal STR loci analysis would not suffice without the mother.
66  Allele frequencies
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
HLA (1 time)
2010 HLA class I and II alleles and haplotypes in ethnic Northeast Thais.
67  allergic factors
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
IBS (1 time)
MC (1 time)
2012 Combination of allergic factors can worsen diarrheic irritable bowel syndrome: role of barrier defects and mast cells.
68  alpha-L-arabinofuranosidases
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 Novel alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase from Cellulomonas fimi ATCC 484 and its substrate-specificity analysis with the aid of computer.
69  Ambiguity functions
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
CAFs (1 time)
LFM (1 time)
LTE (1 time)
2018 Random Access for Underwater Acoustic Cellular Systems.
70  Amorphous Fluoropolymers
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2012 Teflon AF Materials.
71  amplified fragments
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
FAFLP (1 time)
HS (1 time)
2001 Genome sequence-based fluorescent amplified fragment length polymorphism of Campylobacter jejuni, its relationship to serotyping, and its implications for epidemiological analysis.
72  amyloid fibers
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
APs (1 time)
ERAB (1 time)
2002 Presence of hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 10 in amyloid plaques (APs) of Hsiao's APP-Sw transgenic mouse brains, but absence in APs of Alzheimer's disease brains.
73  Amyloid fibrils
(1 time)
Polymers
(1 time)
EW (1 time)
2020 Processing Induced Changes in Food Proteins: Amyloid Formation during Boiling of Hen Egg White.
74  anaerobic filter bioreactors
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 2014 Microbial community and performance of slaughterhouse wastewater treatment filters.
75  anal fissures
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
DBPC (1 time)
FH (1 time)
2013 Oligo-antigenic diet in the treatment of chronic anal fissures. Evidence for a relationship between food hypersensitivity and anal fissures.
76  anal fistulas
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2020 Modified Van Assche magnetic resonance imaging-based score for assessing the clinical status of anal fistulas.
77  analysis ofaflatoxins
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AFB1 (1 time)
FPIA (1 time)
2014 The development of a fluorescence polarization immunoassay for aflatoxin detection.
78  anarchic fields
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
6-DMAP (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2003 The fenestrin antigen in submembrane skeleton of the ciliate Tetrahymena thermophila is proposed as a marker of cell polarity during cell division and in oral replacement.
79  angiogenic factors
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
Ang-2 (1 time)
BMT CTN (1 time)
EGF (1 time)
2020 Follistatin and Soluble Endoglin Predict 1-Year Nonrelapse Mortality after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation.
80  ansiform fibers
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
--- 1987 Cajal-Smirnow ansiform fibers in the molecular layer of the rat cerebellar cortex.
81  anthracene flakes
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CNTs (1 time)
2018 Single-Carbon-Nanotube Manipulations and Devices Based on Macroscale Anthracene Flakes.
82  anthropogenic factors
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2016 [The influence of local anthropogenic factors on soil emission of biogenic greenhouse gases in cryogenic ecosystems].
83  antifades
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ROXS (1 time)
2011 Mechanisms and advancement of antifading agents for fluorescence microscopy and single-molecule spectroscopy.
84  antiferromagnets
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2018 Interlayer Couplings Mediated by Antiferromagnetic Magnons.
85  Antifibrinolytics
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
2020 Efficacy of antifibrinolytics in pediatric orthopedic surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
86  Antifungals
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CSF (1 time)
IC (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2017 Candidemia and invasive candidiasis among hospitalized neonates and pediatric patients.
87  antigen frequencies
(1 time)
Kidney Transplantation
(1 time)
HFs (1 time)
2011 HLA polymorphism in Sudanese renal donors.
88  aqueous fractions
(1 time)
Pharmacognosy
(1 time)
HF (1 time)
2016 Essential Oil Composition, Antimicrobial and Pharmacological Activities of Lippia sidoides Cham. (Verbenaceae) From Sao Goncalo do Abaete, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
89  arcuate fasciculi
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
FA (1 time)
IFOFs (1 time)
ILFs (1 time)
2014 Independent contribution of individual white matter pathways to language function in pediatric epilepsy patients.
90  Arithmetic facts
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Impact of ageing on problem size and proactive interference in arithmetic facts solving.
91  arterial feeders
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
AVMs (1 time)
DV (1 time)
Vs - Ved (1 time)
1998 Hemodynamic changes in arterial feeders and draining veins during embolotherapy of arteriovenous malformations: an experimental study in a swine model.
92  artificial fibers
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2015 When Microplastic Is Not Plastic: The Ingestion of Artificial Cellulose Fibers by Macrofauna Living in Seagrass Macrophytodetritus.
93  Aspergillus section Flavi and aflatoxins
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Studies on Aspergillus section Flavi isolated from maize in northern Italy.
94  associated factors
(1 time)
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
(1 time)
MSM (1 time)
PY (1 time)
2016 High HIV incidence among men who have sex with men attending a community-based voluntary counselling and testing service in Barcelona, Spain: results from the ITACA cohort.
95  associational fibres
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AMPARs (1 time)
LTP (1 time)
MFs (1 time)
2004 Input- and subunit-specific AMPA receptor trafficking underlying long-term potentiation at hippocampal CA3 synapses.
96  Asthmatic families
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
NFs (1 time)
1990 Association of MS Pi phenotype with airway hyperresponsiveness.
97  atom fractions
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
Ca (1 time)
TIMS (1 time)
1990 Kinetics of intestinal calcium absorption in humans measured using stable isotopes and high-precision thermal ionization mass spectrometry.
98  atrial fibrillation signals
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
2005 A Novel spectral Analysis Method of Atrial Fibrillation Signal Based on Hilbert-Huang Transform.
99  atrial fibrillations
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CHF (1 time)
NPs (1 time)
2010 Natriuretic peptides: useful biomarkers in predicting the possibility of restoration and maintenance of sinus rhythm in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing cardioversion?
100  attenuation factors
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
DPs (1 time)
FFQs (1 time)
kJ (1 time)
2019 Validity of Absolute Intake and Nutrient Density of Protein, Potassium, and Sodium Assessed by Various Dietary Assessment Methods: An Exploratory Study.