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Abbreviation: AFs
Appearance Frequency: 732 time(s)
Long forms: 127

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
aflatoxins
(300 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(67 times)
OTA (63 times)
AFB1 (51 times)
DON (26 times)
1982 Comparative mutagenicity of aflatoxins using a Salmonella/trout hepatic enzyme activation system.
adventitial fibroblasts
(53 times)
Vascular Diseases
(16 times)
Ang II (13 times)
SHR (7 times)
TGF-beta1 (5 times)
1999 Angiotensin II stimulates proliferation of adventitial fibroblasts cultured from rat aortic explants.
actin filaments
(52 times)
Cell Biology
(20 times)
MTs (22 times)
ER (3 times)
FTIR (3 times)
1991 Heavy-meromyosin-decorated actin filaments: a simple method to preserve actin filaments for rotary shadowing.
attributable fractions
(31 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
CI (10 times)
ORs (8 times)
CIs (2 times)
2003 Dying for work: The magnitude of US mortality from selected causes of death associated with occupation.
activation functions
(30 times)
Science
(6 times)
ER (9 times)
ERalpha (8 times)
MISS (3 times)
1994 Characterization of the ligand-dependent transactivation domain of thyroid hormone receptor.
allele frequencies
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
cfDNA (2 times)
CH (2 times)
ctDNA (2 times)
2006 Decreased frequencies of ABCA1 polymorphisms R219K and V771M in Hungarian patients with cerebrovascular and cardiovascular diseases.
assembly factors
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
rRNA (3 times)
PTC (2 times)
CTD (1 time)
2011 Ribosome assembly factors prevent premature translation initiation by 40S assembly intermediates.
absorbed fractions
(12 times)
Biophysics
(6 times)
SAFs (5 times)
AM (2 times)
BE (2 times)
2006 Voxel-based mouse and rat models for internal dose calculations.
ancillary features
(12 times)
Radiology
(7 times)
HCC (10 times)
LI-RADS (7 times)
CEUS (2 times)
2017 LI-RADS ancillary features on CT and MRI.
10  acceleration factors
(11 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(5 times)
CS (2 times)
DWI (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
2007 Rapid 3D-T(1) mapping of cartilage with variable flip angle and parallel imaging at 3.0T.
11  anchoring fibrils
(8 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
RDEB (3 times)
DEB (2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
1986 Pretibial epidermolysis bullosa. Successful therapy with a skin graft.
12  assessment factors
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
OELs (2 times)
SSD (2 times)
BMC (1 time)
2011 A consistent and transparent approach for calculation of Derived No-Effect Levels (DNELs) for petroleum substances.
13  amyloid fibrils
(6 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
ALFs (1 time)
alphaS (1 time)
2002 Presence of hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 10 in amyloid plaques (APs) of Hsiao's APP-Sw transgenic mouse brains, but absence in APs of Alzheimer's disease brains.
14  angiogenic factors
(6 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
Ang-2 (2 times)
EC (2 times)
aGVHD (1 time)
2019 Follistatin and Soluble Endoglin Predict 1-Year Nonrelapse Mortality after Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation.
15  acetabular fractures
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
ORIF (3 times)
THA (2 times)
CT (1 time)
2014 CT of preoperative and postoperative acetabular fractures revisited.
16  Acylfulvenes
(5 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
AOR (2 times)
Ade (1 time)
dAdo (1 time)
2007 Depurinating acylfulvene-DNA adducts: characterizing cellular chemical reactions of a selective antitumor agent.
17  adult fibroblasts
(5 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
FFs (2 times)
AFSCs (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
2012 Embryonic development and implantation related gene expression of oocyte reconstructed with bovine trophoblast cells.
18  antral follicles
(5 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
EAFs (2 times)
PFs (2 times)
ANGPT (1 time)
2007 Intrabursal administration of the antiangiopoietin 1 antibody produces a delay in rat follicular development associated with an increase in ovarian apoptosis mediated by changes in the expression of BCL2 related genes.
19  accumulation factors
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AFgs (1 time)
AFrs (1 time)
AFss (1 time)
2013 Enantioselective determination of triazole fungicide epoxiconazole bioaccumulation in tubifex based on HPLC-MS/MS.
20  activity fronts
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
PAF (1 time)
PP (1 time)
1990 Antagonism of endotoxin-induced disruption of equine gastrointestinal motility with the platelet-activating factor antagonist WEB 2086.
21  angiofibromas
(4 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
ADFs (1 time)
bFGF (1 time)
CTN (1 time)
1991 [Increase in alpha-actin and basic fibroblast growth factor in angiofibromas in patients with tuberous sclerosis].
22  actin microfilaments
(3 times)
Botany
(3 times)
MTs (1 time)
VM (1 time)
2009 Actin and microtubule cytoskeleton interactions.
23  alternative fuels
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AFVs (1 time)
APCS (1 time)
BS (1 time)
2017 Life cycle assessment of the use of alternative fuels in cement kilns: A case study.
24  Ameloblastic fibromas
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
AFOs (2 times)
CDOs (2 times)
CXOs (2 times)
2007 [Mixed odontogenic tumors in children and adolescents].
25  asbestos fibres
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ABs (1 time)
CFs (1 time)
gdw (1 time)
1999 Asbestos lung burden and asbestosis after occupational and environmental exposure in an asbestos cement manufacturing area: a necropsy study.
26  ascitic fluids
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ICCs (1 time)
MenSCs (1 time)
MLNs (1 time)
2017 Oncolytic Adenovirus-Loaded Menstrual Blood Stem Cells Overcome the Blockade of Viral Activity Exerted by Ovarian Cancer Ascites.
27  Aspergillus spp. and aflatoxins
(3 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(2 times)
DMDS (1 time)
GO (1 time)
GPCR (1 time)
2017 Reduction of Aspergillus spp. and aflatoxins in peanut sauce processing by oil-less frying of chilli powder and retort processing.
28  absorption factors
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
PTR-TOF-MS (1 time)
VOCs (1 time)
2013 Monte Carlo simulation of age-dependent radiation dose from alpha- and beta-emitting radionuclides to critical trabecular bone and bone marrow targets.
29  accidental falls
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
UFs (2 times)
ED (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2017 Clinical differences among the elderly admitted to the emergency department for accidental or unexplained falls and syncope.
30  acid fluorides
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ICAs (2 times)
SAMs (2 times)
TFFH (1 time)
2005 Reactivity control of carboxylic acid-terminated self-assembled monolayers on gold: acid fluoride versus interchain carboxylic anhydride.
31  additional findings
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
DM (1 time)
SL-DBT (1 time)
SLUS (1 time)
2015 Additional findings at preoperative breast MRI: the value of second-look digital breast tomosynthesis.
32  air fresheners
(2 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
ACH (1 time)
HFr (1 time)
NAFLD (1 time)
2007 Head-space, small-chamber and in-vehicle tests for volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from air fresheners for the Korean market.
33  airway fibroblasts
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
DLFs (2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
2006 Regional fibroblast heterogeneity in the lung: implications for remodeling.
34  aligned fibers
(2 times)
Stem Cells
(1 time)
CMs (1 time)
hiPSC (1 time)
RFs (1 time)
2016 Creation of a Hybrid Scaffold with Dual Configuration of Aligned and Random Electrospun Fibers.
35  aligned nanofibers
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
miRNA (2 times)
PLLA (2 times)
iTRAQ (1 time)
2015 microRNA regulatory mechanism by which PLLA aligned nanofibers influence PC12 cell differentiation.
36  alkaloid fractions
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ChEs (1 time)
IA (1 time)
IFNG (1 time)
2016 Potent effects of alkaloid-rich extract from Huperzia selago against sodium nitroprusside-evoked PC12 cells damage via attenuation of oxidative stress and apoptosis.
37  alleged fathers
(2 times)
Jurisprudence
(2 times)
LR (1 time)
POAs (1 time)
STR (1 time)
2015 An incest case with three biological brothers as alleged fathers: Even 22 autosomal STR loci analysis would not suffice without the mother.
38  allele fractions
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ctDNA (1 time)
NGS (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2018 Clinical Implications of Plasma-Based Genotyping With the Delivery of Personalized Therapy in Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.
39  amniotic fluids
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
AFP (1 time)
HRM (1 time)
1997 Risks for fetal abnormalities after very and moderately elevated AF-AFPs.
40  anal fissures
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
DBPC (1 time)
FH (1 time)
QoL (1 time)
2013 Oligo-antigenic diet in the treatment of chronic anal fissures. Evidence for a relationship between food hypersensitivity and anal fissures.
41  analyzed for aflatoxins
(2 times)
Mycotoxins
(2 times)
HPLC (2 times)
DON (1 time)
OTA (1 time)
2010 Aflatoxins levels in vegetable oils in Khartoum State, Sudan.
42  anchoring filaments
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
APMA (1 time)
BM (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2004 Equine laminitis: glucose deprivation and MMP activation induce dermo-epidermal separation in vitro.
43  ankle fractures
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2013 Ankle fractures in elderly patients.
44  antiferromagnets
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2018 Interlayer Couplings Mediated by Antiferromagnetic Magnons.
45  antiflammins
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
PLA2 (1 time)
TG (1 time)
2001 Antiflammins. Bioactive peptides derived from uteroglobin.
46  application factors
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ADDFs (1 time)
PNECs (1 time)
2021 Comparisons of PNEC derivation logic flows under example regulatory schemes and implications for ecoTTC.
47  aramid fibers
(2 times)
Polymers
(2 times)
IFSS (2 times)
FT-IR (1 time)
ILSS (1 time)
2019 Layer-by-Layer Self-Assembly Strategy for Surface Modification of Aramid Fibers to Enhance Interfacial Adhesion to Epoxy Resin.
48  asbestos fibers
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
ABs (2 times)
AR (1 time)
1986 A quantitative and histological study on pulmonary effects of asbestos exposure in general autopsied lungs.
49  atretic follicles
(2 times)
Animal Diseases
(2 times)
GCs (2 times)
HFs (2 times)
ceRNA (1 time)
2021 Whole-Transcriptome Analysis of LncRNAs Mediated ceRNA Regulation in Granulosa Cells Isolated From Healthy and Atresia Follicles of Chinese Buffalo.
50  attenuation factors
(2 times)
Food
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
DoD (1 time)
DPs (1 time)
2020 Validity of Absolute Intake and Nutrient Density of Protein, Potassium, and Sodium Assessed by Various Dietary Assessment Methods: An Exploratory Study.
51  A. flavus produces aflatoxins
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
GSC (1 time)
ISSR (1 time)
2016 Genetic diversity analysis of Aspergillus flavus isolates from plants and air by ISSR markers.
52  able-bodied fencers
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 Musculoskeletal injuries in elite able-bodied and wheelchair foil fencers--a pilot study.
53  access flaps
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CAL (1 time)
CI (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2020 Efficacy of access flap procedures compared to subgingival debridement in the treatment of periodontitis. A systematic review and meta-analysis.
54  Accessory flexions
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
HPs (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2004 Flexions of the popliteal artery: dynamic angiography.
55  acentric fragments
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CBMN (1 time)
DCs (1 time)
2016 The radioprotective effect of metformin against cytotoxicity and genotoxicity induced by ionizing radiation in cultured human blood lymphocytes.
56  Acoustic filters
(1 time)
--- 2015 An acoustic filter based on layered structure.
57  Activated Fibers
(1 time)
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
(1 time)
BOLD (1 time)
dFC (1 time)
DTI (1 time)
2011 Activated fibers: fiber-centered activation detection in task-based FMRI.
58  activated fibroblasts
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
EMT (1 time)
2020 beta-Carotene exerts anti-colon cancer effects by regulating M2 macrophages and activated fibroblasts.
59  active features
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2018 Active features extracted by deep belief network for process monitoring.
60  Acute flares
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2022 Immunopathogenesis of Acute Flare of Chronic Hepatitis B: With Emphasis on the Role of Cytokines and Chemokines.
61  adapting fields
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
TF (1 time)
1991 The influence of short-term adaptation of human rods and cones on cone-mediated grating visibility.
62  adaptive filters
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ASE (1 time)
EP (1 time)
MMSE (1 time)
1999 Evoked potential estimation using modified time-sequenced adaptive filter.
63  added findings
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
FDG (1 time)
PET (1 time)
2019 Clinical impact of pre-treatment FDG-PET/CT staging of primary ovarian, fallopian tube, and peritoneal cancers in women.
64  adenofibromas
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CAs (1 time)
2011 Pathogenesis of ovarian clear cell adenofibroma, atypical proliferative (borderline) tumor, and carcinoma: clinicopathologic features of tumors with endometriosis or adenofibromatous components support two related pathways of tumor development.
65  Adipose fibroblasts
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
iPSC (1 time)
2022 Establishment of an induced pluripotent stem cell line DHMi005-A from a healthy male proband.
66  adjacent tissue fibroblasts
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CAFs (1 time)
EVs (1 time)
OTSCC (1 time)
2018 Proteomic Analysis of Cancer-Associated Fibroblasts Reveals a Paracrine Role for MFAP5 in Human Oral Tongue Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
67  Adjustment Factors
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
CMFs (1 time)
CMFunctions (1 time)
NB (1 time)
2016 Finite mixture modeling approach for developing crash modification factors in highway safety analysis.
68  adsorbent for aflatoxins
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
MIP (1 time)
MIT (1 time)
2021 Molecularly Imprinted Polymer for a Smart Dispersive Micro-Solid Phase Extraction Technique for Assessing Trace Level Aflatoxins in Cultured Fish.
69  adult females
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
OMU (1 time)
2007 Social organization of black-and-white snub-nosed monkeys (Rhinopithecus bieti) at Deqin, China.
70  aetiologic fractions
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
ACs (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2019 Long-term trends (1973-14) for obesity and educational inequalities among Austrian adults: men in the fast lane.
71  affective feelings
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
HTH (1 time)
RPE (1 time)
TT (1 time)
2020 Affective Feelings and Perceived Exertion During a 10-km Time Trial and Head-to-Head Running Race.
72  after- filters
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PFs (1 time)
RSFs (1 time)
2016 Ecological patterns, diversity and core taxa of microbial communities in groundwater-fed rapid gravity filters.
73  Aged sorption factors
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DMSA (1 time)
IMI (1 time)
MBT (1 time)
2012 Aging of methabenzthiazuron, imidacloprid, and N,N-dimethylsulfamide in silty soils and effects on sorption and dissipation.
74  aggregate fractions
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HA (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
SOC (1 time)
2022 Straw incorporation improved the adsorption of potassium by increasing the soil humic acid in macroaggregates.
75  aggregation factors
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2001 Carbohydrate self-recognition mediates marine sponge cellular adhesion.
76  alcoholic fermentations
(1 time)
--- 2016 From grape berries to wine: population dynamics of cultivable yeasts associated to "Nero di Troia" autochthonous grape cultivar.
77  all fractures
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
DFs (1 time)
2021 Clinical evaluation of AI software for rib fracture detection and its impact on junior radiologist performance.
78  Allele frequencies
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
HLA (1 time)
2010 HLA class I and II alleles and haplotypes in ethnic Northeast Thais.
79  allergic factors
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
IBS (1 time)
MC (1 time)
2011 Combination of allergic factors can worsen diarrheic irritable bowel syndrome: role of barrier defects and mast cells.
80  alpha-L-arabinofuranosidases
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 Novel alpha-L-arabinofuranosidase from Cellulomonas fimi ATCC 484 and its substrate-specificity analysis with the aid of computer.
81  Ambiguity functions
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
CAFs (1 time)
LFM (1 time)
LTE (1 time)
2018 Random Access for Underwater Acoustic Cellular Systems.
82  amianthoid fibers
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AT (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2021 Amianthoid transformation of costal cartilage matrix in children with pectus excavatum and pectus carinatum.
83  Amorphous Fluoropolymers
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2011 Teflon AF Materials.
84  amplified fragments
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
FAFLP (1 time)
HS (1 time)
2001 Genome sequence-based fluorescent amplified fragment length polymorphism of Campylobacter jejuni, its relationship to serotyping, and its implications for epidemiological analysis.
85  anaerobic filter bioreactors
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 2014 Microbial community and performance of slaughterhouse wastewater treatment filters.
86  anal fistulas
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2020 Modified Van Assche magnetic resonance imaging-based score for assessing the clinical status of anal fistulas.
87  analcime-C foam materials
(1 time)
AAM (1 time)
2022 In-Situ Crystallization and Characteristics of Alkali-Activated Materials-Supported Analcime-C from a By-Product of the Lithium Carbonate Industry.
88  analysis ofaflatoxins
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AFB1 (1 time)
FPIA (1 time)
2014 The development of a fluorescence polarization immunoassay for aflatoxin detection.
89  anarchic fields
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
6-DMAP (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2003 The fenestrin antigen in submembrane skeleton of the ciliate Tetrahymena thermophila is proposed as a marker of cell polarity during cell division and in oral replacement.
90  anatomical frames
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
ALs (1 time)
CT (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2020 Quantification of the relative orientation and position of the mandibular condyles.
91  animal feed are the aflatoxins
(1 time)
Toxins, Biological
(1 time)
RASFF (1 time)
2021 Analysis of E.U. Rapid Alert System (RASFF) Notifications for Aflatoxins in Exported U.S. Food and Feed Products for 2010-2019.
92  annual frequencies
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
DRUCs (1 time)
ICs (1 time)
2022 Incidence of inpatient cases with mental disorders due to use of cannabinoids in Germany: a nationwide evaluation.
93  annular fissures
(1 time)
HIZ (1 time)
HNP (1 time)
LBP (1 time)
2022 Lumbar Annular High-Intensity Zone as a Precursor to Disc Extrusion.
94  ansiform fibers
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
--- 1987 Cajal-Smirnow ansiform fibers in the molecular layer of the rat cerebellar cortex.
95  anthracene flakes
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CNTs (1 time)
2017 Single-Carbon-Nanotube Manipulations and Devices Based on Macroscale Anthracene Flakes.
96  anthropogenic factors
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2016 [The influence of local anthropogenic factors on soil emission of biogenic greenhouse gases in cryogenic ecosystems].
97  anthropometric features
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
HRTFs (1 time)
2021 Head-related transfer function recommendation based on perceptual similarities and anthropometric features.
98  antifades
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ROXS (1 time)
2011 Mechanisms and advancement of antifading agents for fluorescence microscopy and single-molecule spectroscopy.
99  Antifibrinolytics
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
2019 Efficacy of antifibrinolytics in pediatric orthopedic surgery: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
100  antifouling paints
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MePTs (1 time)
2021 Combined exposure to environmentally relevant copper and 2,2'-dithiobis-pyridine induces significant reproductive toxicity in male guppy (Poecilia reticulata).