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Abbreviation: AIs
Appearance Frequency: 1562 time(s)
Long forms: 115

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
aromatase inhibitors
(961 times)
Neoplasms
(495 times)
ER (91 times)
SERMs (76 times)
BC (56 times)
1997 Effect of estrogen deprivation on the reproductive physiology of male and female primates.
American Indians
(119 times)
Public Health
(20 times)
ANs (8 times)
IHS (6 times)
CVD (5 times)
2002 Structure of HIV knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors among American Indian young adults.
autoinducers
(64 times)
Microbiology
(19 times)
QS (46 times)
AHL (6 times)
AHLs (5 times)
1999 Active efflux and diffusion are involved in transport of Pseudomonas aeruginosa cell-to-cell signals.
active ingredients
(47 times)
Toxicology
(16 times)
PPPs (3 times)
CNCs (2 times)
DT (2 times)
1999 Pesticide use in the U.S. and policy implications: a focus on herbicides.
adrenal incidentalomas
(45 times)
Endocrinology
(24 times)
ACS (8 times)
DST (8 times)
CT (5 times)
2010 Clinical analysis of 249 cases of adrenal tumors in a Chinese hospital.
asymmetry indices
(35 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
PET (10 times)
CBF (6 times)
TLE (6 times)
1989 Crossed cerebellar and uncrossed basal ganglia and thalamic diaschisis in Alzheimer's disease.
Adrenal incidentalomas
(25 times)
Endocrinology
(10 times)
CT (4 times)
ACS (2 times)
IL-6 (2 times)
2007 Adipokine levels and cardiovascular risk in patients with adrenal incidentaloma.
apoptotic indices
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
TUNEL (6 times)
ICP/MAP (2 times)
APC (1 time)
1995 Apoptosis in cerebral astrocytic tumours and its relationship to expression of the bcl-2 and p53 proteins.
angiogenesis inhibitors
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
PFS (4 times)
VDAs (4 times)
RCTs (3 times)
2007 Vascular damaging agents.
10  Adequate Intakes
(13 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
RDAs (4 times)
DRIs (3 times)
ULs (3 times)
2001 Calcium requirements during adolescence to maximize bone health.
11  Asian Indians
(13 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(2 times)
BMI (3 times)
HbA1c (2 times)
AMDR (1 time)
2001 Body fat distribution and insulin resistance in healthy Asian Indians and Caucasians.
12  Asymmetry indices
(13 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
MRI (4 times)
ADHD (2 times)
PET (2 times)
2000 Line bisection performances of 650 normal children.
13  antibody indices
(11 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
MS (8 times)
MRZR (5 times)
CSF (3 times)
2011 Intrathecal EBV antibodies are part of the polyspecific immune response in multiple sclerosis.
14  artificial inseminations
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
SCE (2 times)
AFR (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2000 Growth hormone treatment of breeding bulls used for artificial insemination improves fertilization rates.
15  adequate intakes
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
EFAs (2 times)
RDAs (2 times)
ALA (1 time)
2003 Selenium composition of cereal-containing infant formulas: assessment of dietary intake status.
16  adaptive interventions
(6 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
SMART (3 times)
SMARTs (2 times)
app (1 time)
2017 Adaptive Interventions and SMART Designs: Application to child behavior research in a community setting.
17  allelic imbalances
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
AM (1 time)
CIMP (1 time)
ETs (1 time)
2001 Allelic imbalance and fine mapping of the 17p13.3 subregion in sporadic breast carcinomas.
18  attachment inhibitors
(6 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
HIV-1 (2 times)
Env (1 time)
PK (1 time)
2009 Inhibition of envelope-mediated CD4+-T-cell depletion by human immunodeficiency virus attachment inhibitors.
19  anthropometric indicators
(5 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
BMI (4 times)
BFP (2 times)
CMR (2 times)
2014 Fluctuations of the anthropometric indices and mortality of patients with incident heart failure: a prospective study in the community.
20  associated injuries
(5 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
CI (1 time)
JTTR (1 time)
OEF (1 time)
2011 Multiple associated injuries are common with spine fractures during war.
21  Agreement indices
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CT (1 time)
FP (1 time)
LOA (1 time)
2006 Intraobserver and interobserver agreement, reproducibility, and accuracy of computed tomographic measurements of pituitary gland dimensions in healthy dogs.
22  anterior insulas
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
SN (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
BOLD (1 time)
2016 Salience Network Activity in Perceptual Decisions.
23  aroma intensities
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
GC-MS (2 times)
GC-O (2 times)
GC-FID (1 time)
2020 Characterization of Odor-Active Volatiles and Odor Contribution Based on Binary Interaction Effects in Mango and Vodka Cocktail.
24  artificial intelligences
(3 times)
Ethics
(1 time)
CML (1 time)
EM (1 time)
NSBs (1 time)
2021 What Do We Owe to Novel Synthetic Beings and How Can We Be Sure?
25  atherogenic indices
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BMD (2 times)
HDL-C (2 times)
TG (2 times)
2004 Impact of menopause on lipid and bone metabolism and effect of hormone replacement therapy.
26  avidity indices
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
IgG (2 times)
MCC (2 times)
SBA (2 times)
2003 Immunogenicity of, and immunologic memory to, a reduced primary schedule of meningococcal C-tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine in infants in the United kingdom.
27  academic institutions
(2 times)
Vascular Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
FSs (1 time)
IOE (1 time)
ITCs (1 time)
2008 A population-level analysis: the influence of hospital type on trends in use and outcomes of lower extremity angioplasty.
28  accidents and incidents
(2 times)
Nursing
(1 time)
--- 1994 Accidents and incidents involving patients in a mental health service.
29  acetabular indices
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AVN (1 time)
OR (1 time)
PPO (1 time)
2019 Comparison of Open Reduction Alone and Open Reduction Plus Pemberton Osteotomy Techniques in the Treatment of Developmental Hip Dysplasia at Walking Age.
30  acquired infections
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
MSD (2 times)
AGNB (1 time)
BSI (1 time)
2016 Decline of multidrug-resistant Gram negative infections with the routine use of a multiple decontamination regimen in ICU.
31  adverse incidents
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
AIR (1 time)
MDT (1 time)
2016 Overcrowding in Psychiatric Wards is Associated With Increased Risk of Adverse Incidents.
32  African immigrants
(2 times)
Healthcare Disparities
(1 time)
AAs (2 times)
CVD (2 times)
ACs (1 time)
2017 African Americans, African Immigrants, and Afro-Caribbeans Differ in Social Determinants of Hypertension and Diabetes: Evidence from the National Health Interview Survey.
33  afterimages
(2 times)
Vision, Ocular
(1 time)
--- 2005 The interaction between binocular rivalry and negative afterimages.
34  Aggregation indices
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
LPS (2 times)
EIs (1 time)
Pa (1 time)
2015 Effects of lipopolysaccharide on changes in red blood cells in a mice endotoxemia model.
35  air ions
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AGC (1 time)
NAIs (1 time)
1997 Is atmospheric superoxide vitally necessary? Accelerated death of animals in a quasi-neutral electric atmosphere.
36  Alternative Inputs
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
--- 2009 Synthetic morphology using alternative inputs.
37  Angiogenesis inhibitors
(2 times)
Cells
(1 time)
AFL (1 time)
aTTF (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2019 Pharmacogenetic-Based Interactions between Nutraceuticals and Angiogenesis Inhibitors.
38  angiogenic inhibitors
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
CRC (1 time)
mCRC (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2012 Tumor vasculature as a therapeutic target in non-small cell lung cancer.
39  aortic infections
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ADF (1 time)
EVR (1 time)
FU (1 time)
2019 Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus portends a poor prognosis after endovascular repair of mycotic aortic aneurysms and aortic graft infections.
40  aortic injuries
(2 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
CIREN (2 times)
AI (1 time)
LMVC (1 time)
2004 Change in velocity and energy dissipation on impact in motor vehicle crashes as a function of the direction of crash: key factors in the production of thoracic aortic injuries, their pattern of associated injuries and patient survival. A Crash Injury Research Engineering Network (CIREN) study.
41  apospory initials
(2 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
AES-like (1 time)
MeMC (1 time)
MMC (1 time)
2008 OsTDL1A binds to the LRR domain of rice receptor kinase MSP1, and is required to limit sporocyte numbers.
42  arch indices
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2005 Differences in sole arch indices in various sports.
43  aromatase inhibitors and inactivators
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
--- 2003 Development of aromatase inhibitors and their pharmacologic profile.
44  assembly intermediates
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
AIF (1 time)
CI (1 time)
IEM (1 time)
2012 HIV-1 Gag co-opts a cellular complex containing DDX6, a helicase that facilitates capsid assembly.
45  astrocytic inclusions
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CBD (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
FCD (1 time)
2014 Clinical, EEG, MRI, MEG, and surgical outcomes of pediatric epilepsy with astrocytic inclusions versus focal cortical dysplasia.
46  Atherogenic indices
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
FPG (1 time)
GH (1 time)
HDL (1 time)
1990 Lipid metabolism in acromegalic patients before and after selective pituitary adenomectomy.
47  augmentation indices
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
PWV (1 time)
2012 Comparison of arterial stiffness indices measured by the Colins and SphygmoCor systems.
48  autoimmune diseases
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BOP (1 time)
GCF (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2012 Periodontal condition of patients with autoimmune diseases and the effect of anti-tumor necrosis factor-alpha therapy.
49  autoinjectors
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BE (1 time)
BLAs (1 time)
PFSs (1 time)
2020 Systematic Review of Device Parameters and Design of Studies Bridging Biologic-Device Combination Products Using Prefilled Syringes and Autoinjectors.
50  4-amino-substituted 1,8-naphthalene imides
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ICT (1 time)
2021 Solvent-Dependent Photophysics and Reactivity of Monomeric and Dimeric 4-Amino-1,8-Naphthalimides.
51  abdominal injuries
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
VAL (1 time)
2007 Laparoscopy versus laparotomy in management of abdominal trauma.
52  academic interventions
(1 time)
Psychology, Educational
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
SLD (1 time)
2022 Educational diagnostic label and teacher self-efficacy: Impact on classroom intervention choice.
53  accelerator-mode islands
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
--- 2004 Global superdiffusion of weak chaos.
54  accessory insertions
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
EOMs (1 time)
IO (1 time)
2020 The oblique extraocular muscles in cetaceans: Overall architecture and accessory insertions.
55  accidental injuries
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
100PYS (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2014 Risk of accidental injuries amongst Parkinson disease patients.
56  accuracy intervals
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
--- 2017 Accuracy diagrams: a novel way to illustrate uncertainty of estimated GFR.
57  acid invertases
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
1-FEH (1 time)
1-FFT (1 time)
1-SST (1 time)
2008 Inhibitors of plant invertases do not affect the structurally related enzymes of fructan metabolism.
58  acoustic indices
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
WAs (1 time)
2019 The call of the wild: Investigating the potential for ecoacoustic methods in mapping wilderness areas.
59  acting interns
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2012 Get on your boots: preparing fourth-year medical students for a career in surgery, using a focused curriculum to teach the competency of professionalism.
60  activation intervals
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
APDs (1 time)
FFT (1 time)
2001 The distribution of refractory periods influences the dynamics of ventricular fibrillation.
61  active compounds
(1 time)
Bg (1 time)
GEO (1 time)
2022 Phytochemicals Profiling, Antimicrobial Activity and Mechanism of Action of Essential Oil Extracted from Ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe cv. Bentong) against Burkholderia glumae Causative Agent of Bacterial Panicle Blight Disease of Rice.
62  active intervals
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
IEGMs (1 time)
MA (1 time)
2016 Bipolar Intracardiac Electrogram Active Interval Extraction During Atrial Fibrillation.
63  actual intakes
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PTDIs (1 time)
RDIs (1 time)
2020 Benefit-risk assessment of dietary selenium and its associated metals intake in China (2017-2019): Is current selenium-rich agro-food safe enough?
64  Acute infections
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
ENRs (1 time)
EXRs (1 time)
HHV-6 (1 time)
2011 Deciphering the clinical impact of acute human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) infections.
65  acute systemic infections
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AMI (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2004 Seasonal distribution of acute myocardial infarction and its relation to acute infections in a mild climate.
66  addition intermediates
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CIs (1 time)
UV (1 time)
2022 Probing autoxidation of oleic acid at air-water interface: A neglected and significant pathway for secondary organic aerosols formation.
67  additional interventions
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
SH (1 time)
2021 Less postoperative pain and more frequent recurrence: Can this dilemma caused by the stapled haemorrhoidopexy procedure be avoided?
68  Adherence indices
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GITS (1 time)
OD (1 time)
2002 Effects of once-daily and twice-daily dosing on adherence with prescribed glipizide oral therapy for type 2 diabetes.
69  adrenaline injectors
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CDSR (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
CENTRAL (1 time)
2013 A systematic review and cost-effectiveness analysis of specialist services and adrenaline auto-injectors in anaphylaxis.
70  adult intussusceptions
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
2005 Clinical spectrum and surgical approach of adult intussusceptions: a multicentric study.
71  advance instructions
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
HCAs (1 time)
PADs (1 time)
2005 Clinicians' attitudes regarding barriers to the implementation of psychiatric advance directives.
72  aggregation indices
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
EIs (1 time)
MIs (1 time)
2012 In vitro effect of clinical propofol concentrations on red blood cell aggregation and deformability.
73  airway interventions
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AAEs (1 time)
URIs (1 time)
2017 Upper Respiratory Infections and Airway Adverse Events in Pediatric Procedural Sedation.
74  Allergy immunology specialists
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
NAEP (1 time)
NHLBI (1 time)
PCP (1 time)
2002 A preliminary retrospective treatment and pharmacoeconomic analysis of asthma care provided by allergists, immunologists, and primary care physicians in a teaching hospital.
75  alpha-amylase inhibitors
(1 time)
Biological Phenomena
(1 time)
ATIs (1 time)
CTIs (1 time)
LDIs (1 time)
2022 Structure, Function and Protein Engineering of Cereal-Type Inhibitors Acting on Amylolytic Enzymes.
76  amelogenesis imperfectas
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
--- 2006 The molecular etiologies and associated phenotypes of amelogenesis imperfecta.
77  American Indian peoples
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2022 Smoking across adolescence and adulthood with cardiovascular risk among American Indian peoples.
78  American Indians and Alaska Natives
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2002 Substance use among American Indians and Alaska natives: incorporating culture in an "indigenist" stress-coping paradigm.
79  ammonia inhalants
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CMJ (1 time)
MVC (1 time)
2021 Elevated arousal following acute ammonia inhalation is not associated with increased neuromuscular performance.
80  anatomical isthmuses
(1 time)
ECG (1 time)
LBBB (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2018 Noninvasive Identification of VentricularTachycardia-Related Anatomical Isthmuses in Repaired Tetralogy of Fallot: What Is the Role of the 12-Lead Ventricular Tachycardia Electrocardiogram.
81  Anchor Institutions
(1 time)
Disease Outbreaks
(1 time)
--- 2021 Just Us Dialogues: Harnessing the Transformational Power of Discourse to Prevent Violence.
82  anisotropic indices
(1 time)
Food Technology
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
HMEC (1 time)
SPI (1 time)
2020 Extrusion texturization of cricket flour and soy protein isolate: Influence of insect content, extrusion temperature, and moisture-level variation on textural properties.
83  anthropogenic items
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2022 Assessment of the health status of the European anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) in the NW Mediterranean Sea from an interdisciplinary approach and implications for food safety.
84  anti-inflammatory drugs
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
NAS-NRC Registry (1 time)
1994 Inverse association of anti-inflammatory treatments and Alzheimer's disease: initial results of a co-twin control study.
85  Antibody indices
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CSF (1 time)
EBNA1 (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2000 Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen-1 (EBNA-1) associated oligoclonal bands in patients with multiple sclerosis.
86  antibody infusions
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
LAIs (1 time)
MSM (1 time)
PrEP (1 time)
2019 Next-Generation HIV Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Preferences Among Men Who Have Sex with Men Taking Daily Oral Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis.
87  Antibody-specific indices
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
EBV (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2021 Intrathecal Antibody Production Against Epstein-Barr, Herpes Simplex, and Other Neurotropic Viruses in Autoimmune Encephalitis.
88  antigens
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
EAO (1 time)
HEK293 (1 time)
TGCs (1 time)
2016 Specific autoantigens identified by sera obtained from mice that are immunized with testicular germ cells alone.
89  aortic stenosis
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ACG (1 time)
AI (1 time)
1981 [Studies on the genesis of the aortic thudding sound in patients with aortic insufficiency, with special reference to the aortic flow pattern (author's transl)].
90  Apoptosis cell indices
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
DMEM (1 time)
HSCs (1 time)
NF-kappaB (1 time)
2003 Effect of caffeic acid phenethyl ester on proliferation and apoptosis of hepatic stellate cells in vitro.
91  apoptotic incidences
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
PCNA (1 time)
2000 Apoptosis, cell proliferation and expression of oncogenes in gastric carcinomas induced by preoperative administration of 5-fluorouracil.
92  appendiceal incidentalomas
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2022 Appendiceal Incidentalomas: Prevalence, Radiographic Characteristics, Management, and Outcomes.
93  approved indications
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
AEs (1 time)
CIDs (1 time)
IRRs (1 time)
2010 Safety and retention rate of off-label uses of TNF antagonists in rheumatic conditions: data from the Spanish registry BIOBADASER 2.0.
94  AR inhibitors
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
EDBC (1 time)
2010 Recent advancement in nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitors for treatment of estrogen-dependent breast cancer.
95  architecture indices
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2017 Quantitative descriptions of rice plant architecture and their application.
96  arcuate incisions
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
FLACS (1 time)
Kcyl (1 time)
2021 Transepithelial or intrastromal femtosecond laser arcuate keratotomy to manage corneal astigmatism at the time of cataract surgery.
97  artifact indices
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
MTF (1 time)
NPS (1 time)
2020 Comparison of physical image qualities and artifact indices for head computed tomography in the axial and helical scan modes.
98  Artificial indices
(1 time)
Translational Medical Research
(1 time)
MARs (1 time)
SSIM (1 time)
TKA (1 time)
2022 Application of metal artifact reduction software in gemstone spectral computed tomography for patients after total knee arthroplasty.
99  Asians immigrants
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2018 Exploring Pain Management Among Asian Immigrants with Chronic Pain: Self-Management and Resilience.
100  assay interferers
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
mh-Tyr (1 time)
Tyr (1 time)
2019 Mushroom Tyrosinase-Based Enzyme Inhibition Assays Are Not Suitable for Bioactivity-Guided Fractionation of Extracts.