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Abbreviation: AIs
Appearance Frequency: 1228 time(s)
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
aromatase inhibitors
(787 times)
Neoplasms
(433 times)
ER (75 times)
SERMs (53 times)
HR (37 times)
1997 Effect of estrogen deprivation on the reproductive physiology of male and female primates.
American Indians
(89 times)
Public Health
(19 times)
ANs (8 times)
IHS (6 times)
CI (3 times)
2002 Structure of HIV knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors among American Indian young adults.
autoinducers
(51 times)
Microbiology
(15 times)
QS (36 times)
AHL (4 times)
AHLs (4 times)
1999 Active efflux and diffusion are involved in transport of Pseudomonas aeruginosa cell-to-cell signals.
adrenal incidentalomas
(30 times)
Endocrinology
(16 times)
SH (5 times)
CT (4 times)
BMD (3 times)
2010 Clinical analysis of 249 cases of adrenal tumors in a Chinese hospital.
asymmetry indices
(30 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
PET (9 times)
CBF (5 times)
MRI (5 times)
1989 Crossed cerebellar and uncrossed basal ganglia and thalamic diaschisis in Alzheimer's disease.
active ingredients
(29 times)
Toxicology
(12 times)
PPPs (3 times)
DT (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
1999 Pesticide use in the U.S. and policy implications: a focus on herbicides.
apoptotic indices
(19 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
TUNEL (5 times)
ICP/MAP (2 times)
APC (1 time)
1996 Apoptotic cell death and its relationship to carcinogenesis in colorectal carcinoma.
Adrenal incidentalomas
(18 times)
Endocrinology
(9 times)
CT (3 times)
ACS (2 times)
IL-6 (2 times)
2007 Adipokine levels and cardiovascular risk in patients with adrenal incidentaloma.
angiogenesis inhibitors
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
VDAs (4 times)
PFS (3 times)
RCTs (3 times)
2007 Vascular damaging agents.
10  Adequate Intakes
(12 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(9 times)
RDAs (4 times)
DRIs (3 times)
ULs (3 times)
2001 Calcium requirements during adolescence to maximize bone health.
11  artificial inseminations
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
AFR (1 time)
CL (1 time)
CLONE (1 time)
1999 Comparison of fertility data from vaginal vs intrauterine insemination of frozen-thawed dog semen: a retrospective study.
12  Asian Indians
(10 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(2 times)
BMI (2 times)
AOR (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2001 Body fat distribution and insulin resistance in healthy Asian Indians and Caucasians.
13  antibody indices
(9 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
MS (6 times)
MRZR (4 times)
CIS (2 times)
2011 Intrathecal EBV antibodies are part of the polyspecific immune response in multiple sclerosis.
14  Asymmetry indices
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
MRI (2 times)
SPECT (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
2000 Line bisection performances of 650 normal children.
15  attachment inhibitors
(6 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(2 times)
HIV-1 (2 times)
Env (1 time)
PK (1 time)
2009 Inhibition of envelope-mediated CD4+-T-cell depletion by human immunodeficiency virus attachment inhibitors.
16  adequate intakes
(5 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
ALA (1 time)
EFAs (1 time)
FAO (1 time)
2003 Selenium composition of cereal-containing infant formulas: assessment of dietary intake status.
17  allelic imbalances
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CIMP (1 time)
ETs (1 time)
MMPA (1 time)
2001 Allelic imbalance and fine mapping of the 17p13.3 subregion in sporadic breast carcinomas.
18  apoptosis indices
(4 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
AS-AKT2 (1 time)
BaP (1 time)
DN-AKT2 (1 time)
1995 Apoptosis in cerebral astrocytic tumours and its relationship to expression of the bcl-2 and p53 proteins.
19  atherogenic indices
(4 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
HDL-C (2 times)
TC (2 times)
TG (2 times)
1990 Lipid metabolism in acromegalic patients before and after selective pituitary adenomectomy.
20  adaptive interventions
(3 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
SMARTs (2 times)
SMART (1 time)
SUDs (1 time)
2016 Adaptive Interventions and SMART Designs: Application to child behavior research in a community setting.
21  agreement indices
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
CT (1 time)
FP (1 time)
LOA (1 time)
2006 Intraobserver and interobserver agreement, reproducibility, and accuracy of computed tomographic measurements of pituitary gland dimensions in healthy dogs.
22  anthropometric indexes
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BMI (2 times)
BFP (1 time)
CMR (1 time)
2015 Fluctuations of the anthropometric indices and mortality of patients with incident heart failure: a prospective study in the community.
23  avidity indices
(3 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
IgG (2 times)
MCC (2 times)
SBA (2 times)
2003 Immunogenicity of, and immunologic memory to, a reduced primary schedule of meningococcal C-tetanus toxoid conjugate vaccine in infants in the United kingdom.
24  accidents and incidents
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
--- 1994 Accidents and incidents involving patients in a mental health service.
25  adverse incidents
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
AIR (1 time)
MDT (1 time)
2016 Overcrowding in Psychiatric Wards is Associated With Increased Risk of Adverse Incidents.
26  afterimages
(2 times)
Vision, Ocular
(1 time)
--- 2005 The interaction between binocular rivalry and negative afterimages.
27  Aggregation indices
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
LPS (2 times)
EIs (1 time)
Pa (1 time)
2016 Effects of lipopolysaccharide on changes in red blood cells in a mice endotoxemia model.
28  Alternative Inputs
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
--- 2009 Synthetic morphology using alternative inputs.
29  angiogenic inhibitors
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
CRC (1 time)
mCRC (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2012 Tumor vasculature as a therapeutic target in non-small cell lung cancer.
30  anterior insulae
(2 times)
Brain
(1 time)
BOLD (1 time)
dACC (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
2016 Salience Network Activity in Perceptual Decisions.
31  aortic injuries
(2 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
CIREN (2 times)
AI (1 time)
LMVC (1 time)
2004 Change in velocity and energy dissipation on impact in motor vehicle crashes as a function of the direction of crash: key factors in the production of thoracic aortic injuries, their pattern of associated injuries and patient survival. A Crash Injury Research Engineering Network (CIREN) study.
32  aromatase inhibitors and inactivators
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
--- 2003 Development of aromatase inhibitors and their pharmacologic profile.
33  associated injuries
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
JTTR (1 time)
OEF (1 time)
OIF (1 time)
2012 Multiple associated injuries are common with spine fractures during war.
34  augmentation indexes
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
PWV (1 time)
2012 Comparison of arterial stiffness indices measured by the Colins and SphygmoCor systems.
35  autoimmune diseases
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BOP (1 time)
GCF (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2010 Survival patterns in patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma with a pre-existing hospital discharge diagnosis of autoimmune disease.
36  abdominal injuries
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
VAL (1 time)
2008 Laparoscopy versus laparotomy in management of abdominal trauma.
37  Academic institutions
(1 time)
Vascular Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
NAIs (1 time)
PTA (1 time)
2008 A population-level analysis: the influence of hospital type on trends in use and outcomes of lower extremity angioplasty.
38  accelerator-mode islands
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
--- 2004 Global superdiffusion of weak chaos.
39  accidental injuries
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
100PYS (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2014 Risk of accidental injuries amongst Parkinson disease patients.
40  accuracy intervals
(1 time)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
--- 2017 Accuracy diagrams: a novel way to illustrate uncertainty of estimated GFR.
41  acid invertases
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
1-FEH (1 time)
1-FFT (1 time)
1-SST (1 time)
2009 Inhibitors of plant invertases do not affect the structurally related enzymes of fructan metabolism.
42  acoustic indices
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
WAs (1 time)
2019 The call of the wild: Investigating the potential for ecoacoustic methods in mapping wilderness areas.
43  acquired infections
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
AGNB (1 time)
ESBL (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2016 Decline of multidrug-resistant Gram negative infections with the routine use of a multiple decontamination regimen in ICU.
44  acting interns
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2012 Get on your boots: preparing fourth-year medical students for a career in surgery, using a focused curriculum to teach the competency of professionalism.
45  activation intervals
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
APDs (1 time)
FFT (1 time)
2001 The distribution of refractory periods influences the dynamics of ventricular fibrillation.
46  active intervals
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
IEGMs (1 time)
MA (1 time)
2017 Bipolar Intracardiac Electrogram Active Interval Extraction During Atrial Fibrillation.
47  Acute infections
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
ENRs (1 time)
EXRs (1 time)
HHV-6 (1 time)
2011 Deciphering the clinical impact of acute human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) infections.
48  acute systemic infections
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AMI (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2004 Seasonal distribution of acute myocardial infarction and its relation to acute infections in a mild climate.
49  Adherence indices
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GITS (1 time)
OD (1 time)
2002 Effects of once-daily and twice-daily dosing on adherence with prescribed glipizide oral therapy for type 2 diabetes.
50  adrenaline injectors
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CDSR (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
CENTRAL (1 time)
2013 A systematic review and cost-effectiveness analysis of specialist services and adrenaline auto-injectors in anaphylaxis.
51  adult intussusceptions
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
2006 Clinical spectrum and surgical approach of adult intussusceptions: a multicentric study.
52  advance instructions
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
HCAs (1 time)
PADs (1 time)
2006 Clinicians' attitudes regarding barriers to the implementation of psychiatric advance directives.
53  African immigrants
(1 time)
Healthcare Disparities
(1 time)
AAs (1 time)
ACs (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
2018 African Americans, African Immigrants, and Afro-Caribbeans Differ in Social Determinants of Hypertension and Diabetes: Evidence from the National Health Interview Survey.
54  aggregation indices
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
EIs (1 time)
MIs (1 time)
2012 In vitro effect of clinical propofol concentrations on red blood cell aggregation and deformability.
55  air ions
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AGC (1 time)
1997 Is atmospheric superoxide vitally necessary? Accelerated death of animals in a quasi-neutral electric atmosphere.
56  airway interventions
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AAEs (1 time)
URIs (1 time)
2017 Upper Respiratory Infections and Airway Adverse Events in Pediatric Procedural Sedation.
57  Allergy immunology specialists
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
NAEP (1 time)
NHLBI (1 time)
PCP (1 time)
2002 A preliminary retrospective treatment and pharmacoeconomic analysis of asthma care provided by allergists, immunologists, and primary care physicians in a teaching hospital.
58  amelogenesis imperfectas
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
--- 2006 The molecular etiologies and associated phenotypes of amelogenesis imperfecta.
59  American Indians and Alaska Natives
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2002 Substance use among American Indians and Alaska natives: incorporating culture in an "indigenist" stress-coping paradigm.
60  anatomical isthmuses
(1 time)
ECG (1 time)
LBBB (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2018 Noninvasive Identification of VentricularTachycardia-Related Anatomical Isthmuses in Repaired Tetralogy of Fallot: What Is the Role of the 12-Lead Ventricular Tachycardia Electrocardiogram.
61  anti-inflammatory drugs
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
NAS-NRC Registry (1 time)
1994 Inverse association of anti-inflammatory treatments and Alzheimer's disease: initial results of a co-twin control study.
62  Antibody indices
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CSF (1 time)
EBNA1 (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2000 Epstein-Barr virus nuclear antigen-1 (EBNA-1) associated oligoclonal bands in patients with multiple sclerosis.
63  antigens
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
EAO (1 time)
HEK293 (1 time)
TGCs (1 time)
2016 Specific autoantigens identified by sera obtained from mice that are immunized with testicular germ cells alone.
64  aortic stenosis
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ACG (1 time)
AI (1 time)
1981 [Studies on the genesis of the aortic thudding sound in patients with aortic insufficiency, with special reference to the aortic flow pattern (author's transl)].
65  Apoptosis cell indices
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
DMEM (1 time)
HSCs (1 time)
NF-kappaB (1 time)
2003 Effect of caffeic acid phenethyl ester on proliferation and apoptosis of hepatic stellate cells in vitro.
66  apoptotic incidences
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
5-FU (1 time)
PCNA (1 time)
2000 Apoptosis, cell proliferation and expression of oncogenes in gastric carcinomas induced by preoperative administration of 5-fluorouracil.
67  aposporous initials
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
MeMC (1 time)
MSP1 (1 time)
TPD1 (1 time)
2008 OsTDL1A binds to the LRR domain of rice receptor kinase MSP1, and is required to limit sporocyte numbers.
68  approved indications
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
AEs (1 time)
CIDs (1 time)
IRRs (1 time)
2011 Safety and retention rate of off-label uses of TNF antagonists in rheumatic conditions: data from the Spanish registry BIOBADASER 2.0.
69  AR inhibitors
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
EDBC (1 time)
2010 Recent advancement in nonsteroidal aromatase inhibitors for treatment of estrogen-dependent breast cancer.
70  arch indices
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2005 Differences in sole arch indices in various sports.
71  architecture indices
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2017 Quantitative descriptions of rice plant architecture and their application.
72  Asians immigrants
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2019 Exploring Pain Management Among Asian Immigrants with Chronic Pain: Self-Management and Resilience.
73  assay interferers
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
mh-Tyr (1 time)
TYR (1 time)
2019 Mushroom Tyrosinase-Based Enzyme Inhibition Assays Are Not Suitable for Bioactivity-Guided Fractionation of Extracts.
74  assembly intermediates
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
IEM (1 time)
PB (1 time)
RNA (1 time)
2012 HIV-1 Gag co-opts a cellular complex containing DDX6, a helicase that facilitates capsid assembly.
75  associations between autoimmune disorders
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
t-AML (1 time)
2013 Characteristics and outcome of acute myeloid leukemia in patients with a prior history of autoimmune disease.
76  Astrocytic inclusions
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
EEG (1 time)
FCD (1 time)
MEG (1 time)
2014 Clinical, EEG, MRI, MEG, and surgical outcomes of pediatric epilepsy with astrocytic inclusions versus focal cortical dysplasia.
77  asymptomatic infections
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
GEMS (1 time)
LIs (1 time)
NSIs (1 time)
2015 Bacterial Factors Associated with Lethal Outcome of Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli Infection: Genomic Case-Control Studies.
78  asymptomatic infiltrates
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CLARE (1 time)
CLPUs (1 time)
EW (1 time)
2011 External ocular surface and lens microbiota in contact lens wearers with corneal infiltrates during extended wear of hydrogel lenses.
79  atherogenic indexes
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
Cre (1 time)
2019 Bone Mineral Density as a Predictor of Atherogenic Indexes of Cardiovascular Disease, Especially in Nonobese Adults.
80  atom interferometers
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2018 Realization of a compact one-seed laser system for atom interferometer-based gravimeters.
81  atopic individuals
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
ACD (1 time)
NAIs (1 time)
2011 Contact sensitization pattern in 172 atopic subjects.
82  attractancy indices
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Development of a mosquito attractant blend of small molecules against host-seeking Aedes aegypti.
83  autoimplants
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
SBTs (1 time)
2006 Autoimplants in serous borderline tumors of the ovary: a clinicopathologic study of 30 cases of a process to be distinguished from serous adenocarcinoma.
84  avian influenzas
(1 time)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
LBMs (1 time)
2017 A Stakeholder Survey on Live Bird Market Closures Policy for Controlling Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza in Vietnam.
85  aziridinium imides
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2007 Photochemical generation of aziridinium imides: are Als bystanders or perpetrators in the ene reaction?
86  L-arabinose isomerases
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BHAI (1 time)
GSAI (1 time)
TMAI (1 time)
2011 Creation of metal-independent hyperthermophilic L-arabinose isomerase by homologous recombination.
87  N-alkylacenaphthylene-5,6-dicarboximides
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
DATs (1 time)
DCMIs (1 time)
2018 Synthesis and Properties of a Decacyclene Monoimide and a Naphthalimide Derivative as Three-Dimensional Acceptor-Donor-Acceptor Systems.
88  trauma-associated injuries
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2016 Among Patients With Facial Fractures, Geriatric Patients Have an Increased Risk for Associated Injuries.