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Abbreviation: AK
Appearance Frequency: 2199 time(s)
Long forms: 160

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
actinic keratosis
(771 times)
Dermatology
(506 times)
SCC (218 times)
PDT (130 times)
BCC (125 times)
1983 DNA repair in cells from patients with actinic keratosis.
adenylate kinase
(341 times)
Biochemistry
(110 times)
CK (39 times)
PK (25 times)
ADA (20 times)
1968 Data on the incidence, segregation and linkage relations of the adenylate kinase (AK) polymorphism.
Acanthamoeba keratitis
(202 times)
Ophthalmology
(103 times)
CL (16 times)
GAE (14 times)
CI (13 times)
1988 Acanthamoeba keratitis, clinico-pathological report of 2 cases.
arginine kinase
(147 times)
Biochemistry
(73 times)
CK (25 times)
TK (7 times)
GK (6 times)
1980 Localization of arginine kinase in muscles fibres of Drosophila melanogaster.
adenosine kinase
(133 times)
Biochemistry
(46 times)
ADO (27 times)
ADA (22 times)
APRT (15 times)
1976 Erythrocyte adenosine kinase activity in gout.
above-knee
(65 times)
General Surgery
(36 times)
BK (46 times)
ePTFE (6 times)
PTFE (5 times)
1976 An index of healing in below-knee amputation: leg blood pressure by Doppler ultrasound.
amikacin
(60 times)
Drug Therapy
(9 times)
CIP (9 times)
Cr (6 times)
KM (6 times)
1975 Acetylation of amikacin, a new semisynthetic antibiotic, by Pseudomonas aeruginosa carrying an R factor.
aspartate kinase
(49 times)
Biochemistry
(14 times)
DHPS (7 times)
HSD (4 times)
HSDH (4 times)
1984 Lysine overproducer mutants with an altered dihydrodipicolinate synthase from protoplast culture of Nicotiana sylvestris (Spegazzini and Comes).
astigmatic keratotomy
(37 times)
Ophthalmology
(35 times)
RK (7 times)
PKP (6 times)
SE (6 times)
1994 Changing practice patterns in refractive surgery: results of a survey of the American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery.
10  air kerma
(32 times)
Radiology
(10 times)
DAP (20 times)
BMI (4 times)
EVAR (3 times)
1997 A new Diamentor for measuring kerma-area product and air-kerma simultaneously.
11  acetate kinase
(26 times)
Microbiology
(8 times)
PTA (11 times)
ack (2 times)
acetyl-CoA (1 time)
1979 Studies on the allosteric nature of acetate kinase from Bacillus stearothermophilus.
12  activated killer
(26 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(12 times)
NK (12 times)
IL-2 (8 times)
rIL-2 (6 times)
1984 Rapid expansion of allospecific cytotoxic T cell clones using nonspecific feeder cell lines without further addition of exogenous IL2.
13  amoebic keratitis
(15 times)
Parasitology
(10 times)
GAE (7 times)
AP (3 times)
CB (1 time)
2004 [Amebicidal plants extracts].
14  Applied Kinesiology
(15 times)
Chiropractic
(4 times)
MMT (4 times)
CONSORT (1 time)
RAST (1 time)
1984 Diagnosis of thyroid dysfunction: applied kinesiology compared to clinical observations and laboratory tests.
15  ankaflavin
(14 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
MS (9 times)
LDL-C (3 times)
CT (2 times)
2009 The Monascus metabolite monacolin K reduces tumor progression and metastasis of Lewis lung carcinoma cells.
16  Aurora kinase
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
CML (2 times)
DE (2 times)
DH (2 times)
2007 MK-0457, a novel kinase inhibitor, is active in patients with chronic myeloid leukemia or acute lymphocytic leukemia with the T315I BCR-ABL mutation.
17  arcuate keratotomy
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
LASIK (3 times)
UCVA (3 times)
RK (2 times)
1996 Arcuate keratotomy to correct naturally occurring astigmatism.
18  Alaska
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AI/AN (1 time)
AIs (1 time)
ANs (1 time)
2005 Regional patterns and trends in cancer mortality among American Indians and Alaska Natives, 1990-2001.
19  AKR/J
(8 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
TPMT (3 times)
Balb (1 time)
CB (1 time)
1987 Mouse thiopurine methyltransferase pharmacogenetics: monogenic inheritance.
20  anomalous killer
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
CTL (5 times)
ALK (1 time)
CTC (1 time)
1982 Lack of specificity for viral and H-2 antigens by anomalous T killer cells generated in murine leukocyte cultures.
21  ADO kinase
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
ADO (5 times)
5'd-5IT (1 time)
5-IT (1 time)
1992 The adenylate kinase family in yeast: identification of URA6 as a multicopy suppressor of deficiency in major AMP kinase.
22  amygdaloid kindling
(6 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
NTS (2 times)
VNS (2 times)
aCSF (1 time)
1992 Alterations in medial perforant path and mossy fiber induced field potentials in amygdala and beta-carboline (FG 7142) kindled rats.
23  anterior kidney
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
NCC (2 times)
PBL (2 times)
ASC (1 time)
1981 The primary immune response of brown trout (Salmo trutta) to cellular and soluble antigens: Enumeration of antibody-secreting and antigen-binding cells, and the production of antibody.
24  automated keratometry
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
MK (4 times)
ACD (2 times)
IOL (2 times)
1997 Clinical assessment of a hand-held automated keratometer in cataract surgery.
25  axial kurtosis
(6 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
DKI (6 times)
FA (5 times)
MD (5 times)
2012 Microstructural changes observed with DKI in a transgenic Huntington rat model: evidence for abnormal neurodevelopment.
26  Acne keloidalis
(5 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
AKN (1 time)
CCCA (1 time)
DCS (1 time)
1993 Clinical, biochemical and morphologic features of acne keloidalis in a black population.
27  Allo-Kramer
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
VB (2 times)
CL (1 time)
CS-UP (1 time)
1996 Texture evaluations of cooked, diced broiler breast samples by sensory and mechanical methods.
28  Angelica keiskei
(5 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AAP (1 time)
AChE (1 time)
AD (1 time)
2003 Optimal conditions for identifying 80Br and 128I in health food Angelica keiskei using rapid epithermal neutron activation analysis.
29  audiogenic kindling
(5 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
SD (2 times)
BrdU (1 time)
SAL (1 time)
2003 Hippocampal cell proliferation and epileptogenesis after audiogenic kindling are not accompanied by mossy fiber sprouting or Fluoro-Jade staining.
30  activated killer cells
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
IL-2 (2 times)
HCC (1 time)
rIL-2 (1 time)
1985 The generation of culture activated killer cells (AK) is interleukin-2-dependent and requires self-Ia recognition.
31  adenoviral keratoconjunctivitis
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
CsA (3 times)
BSCVA (1 time)
CDVA (1 time)
1997 [Local cyclosporin A therapy of nummuli after epidemic keratoconjunctivitis--case report].
32  anti-CD3-activated killer
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
PTX (2 times)
2-CA (1 time)
IL (1 time)
1994 2-Chloroadenosine inhibits the MHC-unrestricted cytolytic activity of anti-CD3-activated killer cells: evidence for the involvement of a non-A1/A2 cell-surface adenosine receptor.
33  acesulfame-K
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AL (1 time)
Asp (1 time)
BA (1 time)
2011 Effects of mother's dietary exposure to acesulfame-K in Pregnancy or lactation on the adult offspring's sweet preference.
34  Alpinia katsumadai
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HI (2 times)
CDN (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
2010 In vitro inhibitory activity of Alpinia katsumadai extracts against influenza virus infection and hemagglutination.
35  angular kyphosis
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
GK (2 times)
KS (2 times)
VCR (2 times)
2009 Posterior vertebral column resection for severe pediatric deformity: minimum two-year follow-up of thirty-five consecutive patients.
36  Aquagenic keratoderma
(3 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
--- 2015 Aquagenic keratoderma treated with tap water iontophoresis.
37  artificial kidney
(3 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
HD (2 times)
ARF (1 time)
ATG (1 time)
1983 The development of activated carbons with high adsorptive capacity for urea and their influence on the construction of new types of artificial kidney (AK).
38  Abell-Levy-Brodie-Kendall
(2 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(2 times)
RMP (2 times)
CDC (1 time)
CRMLN (1 time)
2011 Proposed serum cholesterol reference measurement procedure by gas chromatography-isotope dilution mass spectrometry.
39  abnormal karyotypes
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
AML (1 time)
BM (1 time)
BMPCI (1 time)
2003 Telomere shortening in patients with plasma cell disorders.
40  above-the-knee
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
BK (1 time)
1980 Above vs. below knee amputations: a retrospective analysis.
41  acetone-killed
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
HK (2 times)
1972 The relative potencies of heat-killed and acetone-killed vaccines against Salmonella typhimurium in mice.
42  adaptive kernel
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
FK (1 time)
MCP (1 time)
2009 Home range estimates vary with sample size and methods.
43  aged killer
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1986 Involvement of the T cell antigen receptor and of Lyt-2 in the cytotoxic function of aged killer (AK) T cells.
44  AK-2123
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CPA (1 time)
HDZ (1 time)
RD (1 time)
1995 Radiosensitizer AK-2123 as modulating agent in the chemotherapy of experimental metastases.
45  akinetoplastic
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
p.i (1 time)
1992 In vivo assessment of drug sensitivity of African trypanosomes using the akinetoplastic induction test.
46  alternate-site kindling
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
ADs (1 time)
BK (1 time)
2003 Epileptogenesis induced by alternate-site kindling in bilateral hippocampi.
47  Amsler-Krumeich
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AUC (1 time)
KSS (1 time)
OSI (1 time)
2016 Keratoconus: The ABCD Grading System.
48  ancestral karyotype
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Ancestral chromosomal blocks are triplicated in Brassiceae species with varying chromosome number and genome size.
49  angiokeratoma
(2 times)
Skin Diseases
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
CV (1 time)
FD (1 time)
2014 Late onset palmar angiokeratoma circumscriptum: An unusual presentation.
50  anterior keratectomy
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
LK (1 time)
MMP (1 time)
PO (1 time)
2005 Matrix metalloproteinase distribution during early corneal wound healing.
51  antikeratin
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
autoAb (1 time)
BL (1 time)
SBL (1 time)
1987 Natural IgM and IgG autoantibodies to epidermal keratins in normal human sera. I: ELISA-titration, immunofluorescence study.
52  apical keratometry
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
APP (1 time)
BSCVA (1 time)
CDVA (1 time)
2009 Refractive, topographic, tomographic, and aberrometric analysis of keratoconic eyes undergoing corneal cross-linking.
53  Aujeszky's disease
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1979 [Immunization against Aujeszky's disease (AK) using inactive vaccines].
54  authoritative knowledge
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
PNDTs (1 time)
2010 Authoritative knowledge, the technological imperative and women's responses to prenatal diagnostic technologies.
55  available K
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
aP (2 times)
AN (1 time)
CB (1 time)
2011 [Scale-dependency of spatial variability of soil available nutrients].
56  femoral-above-knee
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BK (1 time)
ePTFE (1 time)
PTFE (1 time)
2007 Randomized comparison of percutaneous Viabahn stent grafts vs prosthetic femoral-popliteal bypass in the treatment of superficial femoral arterial occlusive disease.
57  A. karoo
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
DM (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2003 Effects of Acacia nilotica and Acacia karoo diets on Haemonchus contortus infection in goats.
58  A. karroo leaf-meal
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CN (1 time)
SF (1 time)
2010 Meat quality of Nguni steers supplemented with Acacia karroo leaf-meal.
59  A. karroo leaves
(1 time)
Animal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CL2 (1 time)
CN (1 time)
SF (1 time)
2011 Stress reactivity and its relationship to beef quality in Nguni steers supplemented with Acacia karroo leaves.
60  A. karroo supplemented
(1 time)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
NS (1 time)
2013 Effect of Acacia karroo Supplementation on Growth, Ultimate pH, Colour and Cooking Losses of Meat from Indigenous Xhosa Lop-eared Goats.
61  A. kotschyi Boiss. subsp. kotschyi
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
TAC (1 time)
TPC (1 time)
2015 Comparative Studies on Phenolic Composition, Antioxidant, Wound Healing and Cytotoxic Activities of Selected Achillea L. Species Growing in Turkey.
62  Aavirai Kudineer
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Biochemical studies on hypoglycemic effect of Aavirai kudineer: a herbal formulation in alloxan diabetic rats.
63  aberrant karyotype
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
aCGH (1 time)
AML (1 time)
NK (1 time)
2010 Genomic, immunophenotypic, and NPM1/FLT3 mutational studies on 17 patients with normal karyotype acute myeloid leukemia (AML) followed by aberrant karyotype AML at relapse.
64  ABILHand-Kids questionnaire
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AHA (1 time)
BITT (1 time)
BoNT-A (1 time)
2015 Effects of botulinum toxin A and/or bimanual task-oriented therapy on upper extremity activities in unilateral Cerebral Palsy: a clinical trial.
65  abortive koilocyte
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ASCUS (1 time)
CIN (1 time)
HPV (1 time)
2014 Diagnostic algorithm to reflect regressive changes of human papilloma virus in tissue biopsies.
66  above-knee amputation
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HR (2 times)
BK (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2014 Outcomes and characteristics of patients undergoing percutaneous angioplasty followed by below-knee or above-knee amputation for peripheral artery disease.
67  above-knee amputation group
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ADL (1 time)
ASO (1 time)
BK (1 time)
2008 Changes in the activities of daily living (ADL) in relation to the level of amputation of patients undergoing lower extremity amputation for arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO).
68  above-knee thigh-length
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BK (1 time)
GEC (1 time)
VFI (1 time)
2013 Compression stockings significantly improve hemodynamic performance in post-thrombotic syndrome irrespective of class or length.
69  Acanthamoeba, known to cause keratitis
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2011 Acanthamoeba T3, T4 and T5 in swimming-pool waters from Southern Brazil.
70  Acanthopanax koreanum
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
LPS (1 time)
PMB (1 time)
TLR (1 time)
2003 Characterization of B cell membrane receptors of polysaccharide isolated from the root of Acanthopanax koreanum.
71  Acanthopanax koreanum Nakai
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
ACH (1 time)
ACL (1 time)
2016 Ethanolic Extract of Acanthopanax koreanum Nakai Alleviates Alcoholic Liver Damage Combined with a High-Fat Diet in C57BL/6J Mice.
72  accurate knowledge
(1 time)
Social Medicine
(1 time)
CK (1 time)
ECAC (1 time)
PK (1 time)
1990 Adaptation of the "European Code Against Cancer" (ECAC) to the cultural needs of low income women in Greece: comparative effectiveness of health education approaches.
73  Aconiti Kusnezoffii Radix
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
2013 The anti-arthritic effects of Aconitum vilmorinianum, a folk herbal medicine in Southwestern China.
74  acorn kernel
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
IB (1 time)
PD (1 time)
SPC (1 time)
2015 Effects of protein intake on rate of growth, protein deposition, and carcass traits of heavy Iberian pigs.
75  acrokeratoelastoidosis
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
FAH (1 time)
2001 Acquired crateriform hyperkeratotic papules of the lower limbs: an unusual variant of acrokeratoelastoidosis of Costa.
76  actinic keratosis lesions
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PCR-SSCP (1 time)
SCCs (1 time)
1994 Analysis of the p53 gene in human precancerous actinic keratosis lesions and squamous cell cancers.
77  activated keratocyte
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
PK (1 time)
2015 Predicting Corneal Graft Rejection by Confocal Microscopy.
78  activities related to bending knees
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
IR (1 time)
2018 Exploration of a cultural-adaptation of the EQ-5D for Thai population: A "bolt-on" experiment.
79  acupuncture knife
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
5-HT (1 time)
EA (1 time)
IL-10 (1 time)
2014 Effects of acupuncture knife on inflammatory factors and pain in third lumbar vertebrae transverse process syndrome model rats.
80  acute kidney injury
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2015 [Critical care of Onco-hematology patients: new therapeutic targets, new complications and new admission policies].
81  Adenylate kinase activity
(1 time)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(1 time)
AMP (1 time)
CK-MM (1 time)
1994 Adenylate kinase mimics creatine kinase-MM isoenzyme in a CK isoenzyme electrophoresis assay.
82  adenylate kinase ATP wire
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
PARP-1 (1 time)
2011 Regulation of malignant phenotype and bioenergetics by a pi-electron donor-inducible mitochondrial MgATPase.
83  adenylate kinase from E. coli
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
NMPbind (1 time)
2018 Manipulating the Folding Landscape of a Multidomain Protein.
84  adolescent kyphosis
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AIS (1 time)
gcs (1 time)
SAM (1 time)
2011 Prospective evaluation of physical activity in patients with idiopathic scoliosis or kyphosis receiving brace treatment.
85  adrenal-kidney
(1 time)
Zoology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Adrenal-kidney-gonad complex measurements may not predict gonad-specific changes in gene expression patterns during temperature-dependent sex determination in the red-eared slider turtle (Trachemys scripta elegans).
86  adrenal-kidney tissue
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AKGs (1 time)
RIA (1 time)
1992 Adrenal-kidney and gonadal steroidogenesis during sexual differentiation of a reptile with temperature-dependent sex determination.
87  adult keratinocytes
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2018 The Connexin Mimetic Peptide Gap27 and Cx43-Knockdown Reveal Differential Roles for Connexin43 in Wound Closure Events in Skin Model Systems.
88  advanced knowledge
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CK (1 time)
VABB (1 time)
2013 Screening in the era of economic crisis: misperceptions and misuse from a longitudinal study on Greek women undergoing benign vacuum-assisted breast biopsy.
89  affected kidney
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
EI (1 time)
NK (1 time)
2001 F+0 renography in neonates and infants younger than 6 months: an accurate method to diagnose severe obstructive uropathy.
90  AK- mutants
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
HGPRT (2 times)
6-MeMPR (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
1983 Comparison of the mutagenic responses of 12 anticancer drugs at the hypoxanthine-guanine phosphoribosyl transferase and adenosine kinase loci in Chinese hamster ovary cells.
91  AK-Ex
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
AAP (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
2017 Protective effects of an ethanol extract of Angelica keiskei against acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity in HepG2 and HepaRG cells.
92  Akademikliniken
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2017 Implementation of an Integrated Biodimensional Method of Breast Augmentation with Anatomic, Highly Cohesive Silicone Gel Implants: Short-Term Results With the First 620 Consecutive Cases.
93  akaganeite
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
4-t-BP (1 time)
Fh (1 time)
IOs (1 time)
2017 Activation of persulfate by Fe(III) species: Implications for 4-tert-butylphenol degradation.
94  AKcpn
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2001 Cloning and characterization of adenylate kinase from Chlamydia pneumoniae.
95  AKDr
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2017 Structural analyses of adenylate kinases from Antarctic and tropical fishes for understanding cold adaptation of enzymes.
96  Akihikari
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
CL (1 time)
PnL (1 time)
PnN (1 time)
2003 Molecular marker dissection of rice (Oryza sativa L.) plant architecture under temperate and tropical climates.
97  Akkaraman
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
CF (1 time)
MK (1 time)
2011 Comparative pharmacokinetics and metabolisms of caffeine in sheep breeds.
98  aklaviketone
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AAME (1 time)
DNR (1 time)
TCM (1 time)
1999 DnrD cyclase involved in the biosynthesis of doxorubicin: purification and characterization of the recombinant enzyme.
99  AKNc
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2017 Structural analyses of adenylate kinases from Antarctic and tropical fishes for understanding cold adaptation of enzymes.
100  alcoholic ketoacidosis
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1980 [Disorders of erythropoiesis in alcoholic ketoacidosis in patients with chronic liver diseases].