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Abbreviation: AL
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
axial length
(836 times)
Ophthalmology
(615 times)
ACD (283 times)
IOL (148 times)
CCT (116 times)
1989 Using the intraocular lens refraction factor to improve refractive prediction accuracy.
acute leukemia
(817 times)
Hematology
(343 times)
ALL (160 times)
AML (152 times)
CR (78 times)
1975 Studies of parents of children with acute leukemia.
ad libitum
(605 times)
Geriatrics
(123 times)
CR (225 times)
DR (126 times)
FR (53 times)
1976 Protein synthesis in zinc deficient rats during tularemia.
artemether-lumefantrine
(382 times)
Tropical Medicine
(229 times)
ACT (85 times)
ASAQ (44 times)
SP (41 times)
2000 An integrated assessment of the clinical safety of artemether-lumefantrine: a new oral fixed-dose combination antimalarial drug.
amyloidosis
(364 times)
Hematology
(100 times)
MM (49 times)
MGUS (24 times)
LC (21 times)
1982 Primary systemic amyloidosis: resolution of the nephrotic syndrome with melphalan and prednisone.
anastomotic leakage
(272 times)
General Surgery
(143 times)
LAR (24 times)
CI (23 times)
OR (22 times)
2002 Factors associated with clinically significant anastomotic leakage after large bowel resection: multivariate analysis of 707 patients.
antennal lobe
(225 times)
Neurology
(99 times)
PNs (49 times)
MB (21 times)
ORNs (21 times)
1987 GABA-mediated synaptic inhibition of projection neurons in the antennal lobes of the sphinx moth, Manduca sexta.
attachment loss
(220 times)
Dentistry
(190 times)
PD (126 times)
BOP (49 times)
Pi (37 times)
1982 Relationship between the percentage of subgingival spirochetes and the severity of periodontal disease.
amyloid light-chain
(156 times)
Hematology
(27 times)
AA (13 times)
ASCT (7 times)
MM (7 times)
1990 Primary localized amyloidosis of the nose and paranasal sinuses. A case report with immunohistochemical observations and a review of the literature.
10  allostatic load
(139 times)
Psychiatry
(30 times)
CI (8 times)
SES (8 times)
NHANES (6 times)
2001 Allostatic load as a marker of cumulative biological risk: MacArthur studies of successful aging.
11  assisted living
(127 times)
Geriatrics
(74 times)
LTC (7 times)
DCWs (6 times)
NH (6 times)
1999 Resident-centered care in assisted living.
12  anterolateral
(124 times)
Orthopedics
(27 times)
PL (40 times)
PM (38 times)
AM (30 times)
1977 Different behavioral responses to L-DOPA after anterolateral or posterolateral hypothalamic injections of 6-hydroxydopamine.
13  attachment level
(114 times)
Dentistry
(102 times)
PD (83 times)
BOP (30 times)
PI (24 times)
1985 The application of a collagen stabilizer to the gingiva of the beagle dog. Effect on ligature-induced periodontal disease.
14  ad libitum fed
(83 times)
Geriatrics
(28 times)
CR (28 times)
FR (23 times)
NAc (11 times)
1982 Mild zinc deficiency and undernutrition during the prenatal and postnatal periods in rats: effects on weight, food consumption, and brain catecholamine concentrations.
15  anterior lobe
(80 times)
Endocrinology
(28 times)
NIL (22 times)
IL (21 times)
POMC (13 times)
1978 Site on inhibition of the spino-bulbo-spinal reflex on stimulation of the anterior lobe of the cerebellum.
16  annulate lamellae
(43 times)
Cell Biology
(21 times)
ER (9 times)
NE (4 times)
NPC (4 times)
1975 The dependence of annulate lamellae formation on the nucleus in parthenogenetic rabbit eggs.
17  active learning
(41 times)
Medical Informatics
(13 times)
ML (5 times)
BCI (3 times)
CD (3 times)
2010 Peer-facilitated virtual action learning: reflecting on critical incidents during a pediatric clerkship.
18  adductor longus
(36 times)
Physiology
(14 times)
SOL (7 times)
EMG (6 times)
RF (6 times)
1989 Influence of fiber type and muscle source on Ca2+ sensitivity of rat fibers.
19  area-length
(35 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
ICW (6 times)
IMW (6 times)
LV (5 times)
1978 Angiocardiographic left ventricular volume determination. Accuracy, as determined from human casts, and clinical application.
20  alginate
(33 times)
Chemistry
(9 times)
CS (5 times)
HA (5 times)
CH (4 times)
2005 Characteristics of interpolyelectrolyte complexes of Eudragit E 100 with sodium alginate.
21  alendronate
(24 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
ALP (5 times)
HA (5 times)
BPs (2 times)
1999 Evaluation of bone turnover and osteoclastic cytokines in early rheumatoid arthritis treated with alendronate.
22  argininosuccinate lyase
(23 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
AS (22 times)
NO (11 times)
iNOS (9 times)
1993 [Molecular basis of urea cycle disorders].
23  airflow limitation
(22 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(15 times)
COPD (8 times)
FEV1 (5 times)
CI (4 times)
1986 Trapped gas and airflow limitation in children with cystic fibrosis and asthma.
24  alkali lignin
(22 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
MWL (6 times)
FTIR (3 times)
CEL (2 times)
2011 Investigation of aggregation and assembly of alkali lignin using iodine as a probe.
25  alcohol
(21 times)
Complementary Therapies
(6 times)
PL (9 times)
AC (5 times)
AS (4 times)
1989 Participation of food antigens in increased polyclonal antibody production induced by alcohol.
26  albumin
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
Am (3 times)
CA (3 times)
Hb (3 times)
1981 Clinical and experimental studies on the profiles of serum proteins in acute hepatic injury.
27  ad lib
(19 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
CR (5 times)
FR (3 times)
DR (2 times)
1985 Effects of intermittent feeding on neurochemical markers in aging rat brain.
28  activity level
(18 times)
Psychology
(5 times)
FA (4 times)
DTI (2 times)
AA/AR (1 time)
1993 Prediction of twenty-four-hour energy expenditure in a respiration chamber in smokers and non-smokers.
29  aseptic loosening
(17 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
OA (3 times)
UHMWPE (3 times)
EM (2 times)
2003 Differential gene expression in the periprosthetic membrane: lubricin as a new possible pathogenetic factor in prosthesis loosening.
30  anterior leaflet
(16 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
PL (10 times)
MR (4 times)
AR (2 times)
1987 Abnormal chordal insertion: a cause of mitral valve prolapse.
31  activation loop
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
AML (4 times)
ITD (4 times)
FLT3 (3 times)
2001 Phosphorylation of the activation loop of gamma p21-activated kinase (gamma-Pak) and related kinases (MSTs) in normal and stressed neutrophils.
32  amyloid
(15 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
LCDD (3 times)
AK (1 time)
AL type (1 time)
1986 Aberrant immunoglobulin synthesis in light chain amyloidosis. Free light chain and light chain fragment production by human bone marrow cells in short-term tissue culture.
33  Aripiprazole lauroxil
(15 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
PANSS (4 times)
AE (2 times)
IM (2 times)
2016 Aripiprazole long-acting injectable formulations for schizophrenia: aripiprazole monohydrate and aripiprazole lauroxil.
34  action level
(13 times)
Occupational Medicine
(5 times)
OSHA (3 times)
PEL (3 times)
RULA (2 times)
1995 NTP Toxicity Studies of Cadmium Oxide (CAS No. 1306-19-0) Administered by Inhalation to F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice.
35  activity limitation
(13 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
EU-SILC (2 times)
PI (2 times)
PR (2 times)
2005 Intimate partner violence among Canadian women with activity limitations.
36  actual length
(13 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
EALs (6 times)
EL (6 times)
EAL (2 times)
1996 Electronic length measurement using small and large files in enlarged canals.
37  amygdala
(13 times)
Brain
(6 times)
PIN (3 times)
PHA-L (2 times)
PO (2 times)
1977 [Hemodynamics during combined nociceptive stimulation and stimulation of the amygdaloid complex following treatment of the sensomotor cortex].
38  allopurinol
(12 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
MA (3 times)
WB (3 times)
LIU (2 times)
1991 Kinetics of allopurinol and its metabolite oxypurinol after oral administration of allopurinol alone or associated with benzbromarone in man. Simultaneous assay of hypoxanthine and xanthine by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
39  annular ligament
(12 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
LCLC (2 times)
LUCL (2 times)
RCL (2 times)
1995 [Anatomical study of the ligaments in the occipito-atlantoaxial complex].
40  aluminium hydroxide
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
CA (3 times)
CFA (2 times)
FCA (2 times)
1989 Effect of phosphate binders on the course of chronic renal failure in rats with focal glomerular sclerosis.
41  aminolipid
(11 times)
Microbiology
(11 times)
PE (8 times)
PL (8 times)
DPG (6 times)
2011 Stappia aquimarina sp. nov., isolated from seawater.
42  amyotrophic leukospongiosis
(11 times)
Virology
(5 times)
BBB (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1987 [Epidemiological research in amyotrophic leukospongiosis].
43  argon laser
(11 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
APF (3 times)
SEM (2 times)
VL (2 times)
1986 Colonic mucosal dissection following electrocautery or laser polypectomy.
44  ad lib fed
(10 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
CR (5 times)
PF (3 times)
Con A (1 time)
1978 Hyperlipoproteinemia in experimental chronic renal insufficiency in the rat.
45  alantolactone
(10 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
IAL (6 times)
MEKC (2 times)
SLs (2 times)
2000 Separation and determination of alantolactone and isoalantolactone in traditional Chinese herbs by capillary electrophoresis.
46  alfalfa
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
DM (2 times)
NDF (2 times)
OG (2 times)
1988 Dietary fibre and the mouse colon: its influence on luminal pH, reducing activity and bile acid binding.
47  alloxan
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
STZ (6 times)
IDDM (2 times)
3-OMG (1 time)
1998 Toxin-induced IDDM (insulin dependent diabetes mellitus) in the musk shrew.
48  aluminium lactate
(10 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
PVNO (3 times)
BAL (2 times)
8-OHdG (1 time)
1978 The effect of a single oral dose of nonprotein nitrogen from various sources on amino acid concentrations in the plasma and liver of the chick.
49  aerated lagoon
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
AS (6 times)
OLR (3 times)
HRT (2 times)
2001 Examination for intestinal parasites and enteric bacteria in the wastewater and treated wastewater from the city of Chiang Mai, Thailand.
50  Alabama
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CA (2 times)
US (2 times)
AR (1 time)
1985 Comparison of lipid binding and kinetic properties of normal, variant, and gamma-carboxyglutamic acid modified human factor IX and factor IXa.
51  alcoholics
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
KS (4 times)
CH (2 times)
CS (2 times)
1991 Hepatitis C virus infection in patients with chronic liver diseases.
52  artelinic acid
(9 times)
Drug Therapy
(4 times)
AE (3 times)
AM (3 times)
AS (2 times)
1998 The pharmacokinetics and bioavailability of dihydroartemisinin, arteether, artemether, artesunic acid and artelinic acid in rats.
53  Ablowitz-Ladik
(8 times)
Physics
(7 times)
NLSE (2 times)
DNLS (1 time)
DRW (1 time)
2003 Two-soliton collisions in a near-integrable lattice system.
54  ad libitum feeding
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
HSP (3 times)
CORT (2 times)
APP (1 time)
1990 Immunodeficiency as primary phenotype of diabetes mutation db. Studies with coxsackievirus B4.
55  ad libitum group
(8 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CR (3 times)
SCR (2 times)
TBI (2 times)
1979 The effect of vitamin A deficiency on the in vitro cellular immune response of rats.
56  aleukemic
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
BLV (8 times)
PL (6 times)
PD-L1 (3 times)
1988 Molecular studies of T-lymphocytes from cattle infected with bovine leukemia virus.
57  alexithymia
(8 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
HIV (3 times)
AN (1 time)
CORT (1 time)
1999 Construct validity of the Sivik Psychosomaticism Test and test of operational style: correlations with four Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) subscales.
58  amyloidosis, light chain
(8 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
AA (2 times)
BSB (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2003 A novel tool for detecting amyloid deposits in systemic amyloidosis in vitro and in vivo.
59  aristolactam
(8 times)
Science
(2 times)
AA (6 times)
AAN (2 times)
AAAs (1 time)
2007 Aristolochic acid and the etiology of endemic (Balkan) nephropathy.
60  atypical lymphocytes
(8 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
ATL (2 times)
B-CLL (2 times)
CSF (2 times)
1978 [Morphological and immunofluorescent studies of the leukocytes in blood smears in hepatitis A and B and chronic liver diseases].
61  augmented Lagrangian
(8 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
ADMM (3 times)
CT (2 times)
OS (2 times)
2011 Parallel MR image reconstruction using augmented Lagrangian methods.
62  active layer
(7 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
ITO (2 times)
PCE (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2012 Spectral aspects of cavity tuned absorption in organic photovoltaic films.
63  ad libitum access to feed
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
BAT (1 time)
BWM (1 time)
CER (1 time)
1992 Growth and carcass characteristics of pigs selected for fast or slow gain in relation to feed intake and efficiency.
64  adolescence-limited
(7 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
LCP (7 times)
AB (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2003 Psychopathology and delinquency in adolescents: a descriptive and developmental perspective.
65  aldosterone
(7 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
AII (1 time)
ALAM (1 time)
CC (1 time)
1978 [Microdetermination of corticosteroids in adrenocortical zones in various adrenal diseases (author's transl)].
66  alimentary limb
(7 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
CC (3 times)
RYGB (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
2011 The biliopancreatic diversion with a duodenal switch (BPDDS): how is it optimally performed?
67  Andersson lesion
(7 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
AS (4 times)
MRI (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2010 Discovertebral (Andersson) lesions in severe ankylosing spondylitis: a study using MRI and conventional radiography.
68  artificial lung
(7 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
ACB (1 time)
ALI (1 time)
CC (1 time)
1995 Long-term cardiopulmonary support with a composite artificial heart-lung system.
69  associative learning
(7 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
AMT (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
2002 Selectively impaired associative learning in older people with cognitive decline.
70  atherosclerotic lesions
(7 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AS (2 times)
AA (1 time)
BKG (1 time)
1987 The lesional state vector: a new approach to characterize atherosclerotic lesions.
71  axial eye length
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
ACD (2 times)
ACV (2 times)
BCVA (2 times)
1999 Prediction of pseudophakic capsular bag diameter based on biometric variables.
72  action limit
(6 times)
Occupational Medicine
(4 times)
ACGIH (3 times)
CTS (3 times)
TLV (3 times)
1990 The relationship between isometric strength of Cantonese males and the US NIOSH guide for manual lifting.
73  air leaks
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
ARDS (1 time)
AS (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
2000 Air leaks from the respiratory tract in mechanically ventilated children with severe respiratory disease.
74  Alfin-like
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
ABA (1 time)
AL2 (1 time)
BPTF (1 time)
2009 Arabidopsis ING and Alfin1-like protein families localize to the nucleus and bind to H3K4me3/2 via plant homeodomain fingers.
75  alperujo
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
CM (1 time)
GI (1 time)
SMART (1 time)
2004 Agrochemical characterisation of "alperujo", a solid by-product of the two-phase centrifugation method for olive oil extraction.
76  alveolar lymphocytes
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
BAL (4 times)
ILD (3 times)
AM (2 times)
1984 Alveolar lymphocytes in the follow-up of sarcoidosis.
77  amyloid L
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
AA (5 times)
AP (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1982 Familial renal amyloidosis: case reports and genetic studies.
78  anatomical landmarks
(6 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
IJV (2 times)
ADG (1 time)
FA (1 time)
1999 Pelvis and lower limb anatomical landmark calibration precision and its propagation to bone geometry and joint angles.
79  Angioleiomyoma
(6 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
ERs (1 time)
LS (1 time)
2012 Angioleiomyoma of the oral cavity extended to submandibular space; an unusual tumor in an unusual deep-seated space: a case report.
80  ApneaLink
(6 times)
Psychophysiology
(4 times)
PSG (4 times)
AHI (3 times)
OSA (3 times)
2009 Validation of a portable recording device (ApneaLink) for identifying patients with suspected obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome.
81  arterial line
(6 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
BP (2 times)
AOPP (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2002 Convective and diffusive losses of vitamin C during haemodiafiltration session: a contributive factor to oxidative stress in haemodialysis patients.
82  acetolactate
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AHB (4 times)
AHAS (2 times)
2-KB (1 time)
1987 Physiological implications of the specificity of acetohydroxy acid synthase isozymes of enteric bacteria.
83  acid lipase
(5 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
NL (2 times)
PL (2 times)
AE (1 time)
1976 Neonatal argininosuccinic aciduria with normal brain and kidney but absent liver argininosuccinate lyase activity.
84  actinic light
(5 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
PSII (2 times)
Chl (1 time)
Fd (1 time)
2007 Analysis of donors of electrons to photosystem I and cyclic electron flow by redox kinetics of P700 in chloroplasts of isolated bundle sheath strands of maize.
85  adaptation level
(5 times)
Psychophysiology
(2 times)
RFE (1 time)
1972 Adaptation-level theory, anchor theory, and the peak-shift phenomenon.
86  adaptive licensing
(5 times)
Drug Therapy
(4 times)
EMA (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
2012 Adaptive licensing: taking the next step in the evolution of drug approval.
87  alemtuzumab
(5 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
AA (1 time)
CLAD (1 time)
ECP (1 time)
2009 Immunoregulatory profiles in liver transplant recipients on different immunosuppressive agents.
88  Alentejano
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
BA (2 times)
FA (2 times)
HO (2 times)
2008 Genetic diversity in native and commercial breeds of pigs in Portugal assessed by microsatellites.
89  Alexander's law
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
SN (2 times)
GEN (1 time)
VEMP (1 time)
2007 Alexander's law in patients with acute vestibular tone asymmetry--evidence for multiple horizontal neural integrators.
90  alginate lyase
(5 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ALG (2 times)
HMP (2 times)
CAC (1 time)
2002 Preparation and properties of alginate lyase modified with poly(ethylene glycol).
91  allogeneic
(5 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
AT (2 times)
HSCT (2 times)
LPLT (2 times)
1999 Role of macrophages in myocardial apoptosis following cardiac transplant. Influence of immunosuppressive treatment.
92  alprazolam
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
HPA (2 times)
BDZ (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1989 Effects of 1 week administration of two benzodiazepines on the sleep and early daytime performance of normal subjects.
93  alprenolol
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
IP (2 times)
AC (1 time)
ALDO (1 time)
1995 Adrenal medulla is involved in the aldosterone secretagogue effect of substance P.
94  amygdaloid nucleus
(5 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AC (1 time)
Am (1 time)
AST (1 time)
1975 Excitatory control of hypothalamic ventromedial nucleus by basolateral amygdala in rats.
95  ancillary ligand
(5 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
H3L (1 time)
HL (1 time)
IVCT (1 time)
2007 Supramolecular medicinal chemistry: mixed-ligand coordination complexes.
96  Armstrong Laboratory
(5 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(3 times)
AF (1 time)
ATB (1 time)
BWE (1 time)
1995 Computer simulation of human body dynamics.
97  atomic-level
(5 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
CG (5 times)
DOPC (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2006 Comparison of atomic-level and coarse-grained models for liquid hydrocarbons from molecular dynamics configurational entropy estimates.
98  axillary lymphadenectomy
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AWS (1 time)
ROM (1 time)
SBSG (1 time)
2005 [Sentinel node in the surgical treatment of the breast cancer. Technique and clinical experience].
99  absolute latency
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
IPL (4 times)
ABR (2 times)
AEDs (1 time)
1987 Brain-stem auditory evoked response (BAER): normative study in children and adults.
100  accessory ligament
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
DDF (2 times)
DDFT (2 times)
SDF (2 times)
1993 Sonographic brightness of the flexor tendons and ligaments in the metacarpal region of horses.