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Abbreviation: ALD
Appearance Frequency: 3821 time(s)
Long forms: 164

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
alcoholic liver disease
(1271 times)
Gastroenterology
(434 times)
NAFLD (119 times)
HCC (82 times)
HCV (61 times)
1978 Profiles of serum complement in patients with hepatobiliary diseases.
atomic layer deposition
(1197 times)
Nanotechnology
(422 times)
XPS (46 times)
TMA (38 times)
CVD (33 times)
2000 Atomic layer deposition of oxide thin films with metal alkoxides as oxygen sources
adrenoleukodystrophy
(429 times)
Neurology
(156 times)
VLCFA (77 times)
AMN (71 times)
VLCFAs (17 times)
1974 Adreno-leukodystrophy (sex-linked Schilder's disease). A pathogenetic hypothesis based on ultrastructural lesions in adrenal cortex, peripheral nerve and testis.
aldosterone
(269 times)
Medicine
(29 times)
PRA (75 times)
Ang II (39 times)
ANP (34 times)
1981 [Response of several adrenal steroids to rapid ACTH stimulation test in essential hypertension and primary aldosteronism (author's transl)].
anterior latissimus dorsi
(122 times)
Physiology
(50 times)
PLD (46 times)
MHC (14 times)
PM (12 times)
1967 Fast and slow muscles of the chick after nerve cross-union.
aldolase
(93 times)
Biochemistry
(13 times)
LDH (39 times)
CK (14 times)
MDH (13 times)
1967 [Behavior of aldolase (ALD) and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) in prolonged observation of panirradiated rabbits].
alcohol-induced liver disease
(80 times)
Gastroenterology
(36 times)
HCV (6 times)
CLD (4 times)
LT (4 times)
1980 Autoantibodies against liver-specific membrane lipoprotein in acute and chronic liver diseases: studies on organ-, species-, and disease-specificity.
alendronate
(31 times)
Dentistry
(10 times)
BMD (5 times)
BIC (3 times)
MKD (3 times)
2004 Alendronate may protect against increased periodontitis-related bone loss in estrogen-deficient rats.
advanced liver disease
(15 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
CI (3 times)
HCV (3 times)
ESRD (2 times)
1997 Nutritional support in advanced lung disease. The pulmonary cachexia syndrome.
10  autoimmune liver diseases
(12 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
PBC (5 times)
AIH (4 times)
PSC (4 times)
2004 The nuclear pore complex protein Tpr is a common autoantigen in sera that demonstrate nuclear envelope staining by indirect immunofluorescence.
11  anterior latissimus dorsi muscle
(11 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
PLD (2 times)
Ant. AP (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1974 The formation of synapses in reinnervated and cross-reinnervated striated muscle during development.
12  approximate lethal dose
(10 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
NOAEL (4 times)
1,2,4,5-tetraBB (1 time)
1,2,4-triBB (1 time)
1986 Estimation of acute oral toxicity in rats by determination of the approximate lethal dose rather than the LD50.
13  adjacent-level degeneration
(9 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
TDR (6 times)
ACDF (2 times)
DDD (2 times)
2006 Range of motion and adjacent level degeneration after lumbar total disc replacement.
14  autologous latissimus dorsi
(8 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
LDI (4 times)
FACT-B (2 times)
IBR (2 times)
2008 Triamcinolone reduces seroma re-accumulation in the extended latissimus dorsi donor site.
15  acute liver damage
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
GO (4 times)
AG (1 time)
AIH (1 time)
2005 Nitric oxide synthases inhibition results in renal failure improvement in cirrhotic rats.
16  acute liver disease
(6 times)
Hormones
(2 times)
CLD (3 times)
LT (2 times)
PT (2 times)
1999 Need for liver transplantation in Indian children.
17  adjacent level disease
(6 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
TDA (3 times)
IHA (2 times)
ASD (1 time)
2012 Factors affecting the incidence of symptomatic adjacent-level disease in cervical spine after total disc arthroplasty: 2- to 4-year follow-up of 3 prospective randomized trials.
18  aldehyde dehydrogenase
(6 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
1,2-DCA (1 time)
ACH (1 time)
ACS (1 time)
2000 Effects of aldehyde dehydrogenase and acetyl-CoA synthetase on acetate formation in sake mash.
19  autoimmune lymphoproliferative disease
(6 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
ALPS (3 times)
PCD (2 times)
ALPS I (1 time)
1997 Deficiency of the Fas apoptosis pathway without Fas gene mutations in pediatric patients with autoimmunity/lymphoproliferation.
20  admixture linkage disequilibrium
(5 times)
Genetics
(3 times)
GA (2 times)
AM (1 time)
CGF (1 time)
2001 Population structure in admixed populations: effect of admixture dynamics on the pattern of linkage disequilibrium.
21  Alcohol-associated liver disease
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
HCV (2 times)
AAH (1 time)
AH (1 time)
2019 Urinary acrolein metabolite levels in severe acute alcoholic hepatitis patients.
22  alcoholic fatty liver disease
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
CTRP-3 (2 times)
NAFLD (2 times)
AST (1 time)
2012 Validation of liver fibrosis biomarker (FibroTest) for assessing liver fibrosis progression: proof of concept and first application in a large population.
23  anterior lamina cribrosa depth
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
IOP (3 times)
LC (3 times)
SD-OCT (3 times)
2013 Evaluation of lamina cribrosa in pseudoexfoliation syndrome using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography enhanced depth imaging.
24  apoptosis-like death
(5 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
PCD (2 times)
CAPs (1 time)
EDF (1 time)
2012 Two programmed cell death systems in Escherichia coli: an apoptotic-like death is inhibited by the mazEF-mediated death pathway.
25  arch-length discrepancy
(5 times)
Orthodontics
(4 times)
LII (1 time)
NE (1 time)
PMV (1 time)
1995 [Guided tooth eruption via serial extraction].
26  assistive listening device
(5 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
ADRO (1 time)
MHINT (1 time)
SRT (1 time)
1990 Assistive listening device versus conventional hearing aid in an elderly patient: case report.
27  average lens density
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
BCVA (2 times)
CS (2 times)
NC (2 times)
2002 Wavefront analysis in eyes with nuclear or cortical cataract.
28  augmented low-dye
(4 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
EMG (1 time)
HPO (1 time)
MPP (1 time)
2010 Continual use of augmented low-Dye taping increases arch height in standing but does not influence neuromotor control of gait.
29  acetaldehyde dehydrogenase
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
A-ALD (1 time)
ACS (1 time)
ADH (1 time)
2006 Characterization of low-acetic-acid-producing yeast isolated from 2-deoxyglucose-resistant mutants and its application to high-gravity brewing.
30  acral lick dermatitis
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
OCD (2 times)
1998 Fluoxetine treatment of acral lick dermatitis in dogs: a placebo-controlled randomized double blind trial.
31  ad libitum
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
EP (1 time)
PD (1 time)
RD (1 time)
2010 Auerbach plexus structure with NADH histochemistry in a line of obese rats: effects of dietary restriction.
32  affection de longue duree
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CNAMTS (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
2013 The effectiveness gap in COPD: a mixed methods international comparative study.
33  alcohol delamination
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
RCES (2 times)
MDFP (1 time)
PTK (1 time)
2010 Alcohol delamination in the treatment of recurrent corneal erosion: an electron microscopic study.
34  alcohol dependence
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
BP (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
HCs (1 time)
2000 Social phobia in a population-based female adolescent twin sample: co-morbidity and associated suicide-related symptoms.
35  alcohol-induced chronic liver disease
(3 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
AUD (1 time)
FN (1 time)
PIIIP (1 time)
1989 Procollagen III peptide and fibronectin in alcohol-related chronic liver disease: correlations with morphological features and biochemical tests.
36  alcoholics develop liver disease
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ASH (1 time)
AST (1 time)
JLHD (1 time)
2001 Preventing gut leakiness by oats supplementation ameliorates alcohol-induced liver damage in rats.
37  aldicarb
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
FBZ (1 time)
NRs (1 time)
SEM (1 time)
1995 In vitro comparison of aldicarb oxidation in various food-producing animal species.
38  aldrin epoxidase
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
ECOD (2 times)
EH (2 times)
EROD (2 times)
1989 Difference between species in response to a 3,5-dichloropyridyloxyphenoxy compound: induction of cytochrome P-450 and/or peroxisome proliferation.
39  Alendronate sodium
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
GI (1 time)
PDI (1 time)
PEG (1 time)
2008 The absorption of (99m)Tc-alendronate given by rectal route in rabbits.
40  alternate-day
(3 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
MPGN (2 times)
FSMPGN (1 time)
MLD (1 time)
1995 Idiopathic membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis in Japanese children.
41  angular limb deformity
(3 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CT (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2009 Congenital tibial deficiencies: treatment using the Ilizarov's external fixator.
42  anoxic limestone drain
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
LD (3 times)
AMD (2 times)
LF (2 times)
2005 Bioremediation of acid mine drainage: an introduction to the Wheal Jane wetlands project.
43  Argininosuccinate lyase deficiency
(3 times)
Brain
(1 time)
OTC (2 times)
ASD (1 time)
ASS (1 time)
1999 Inherited metabolic disorders in Thailand--Siriraj experience.
44  Aspirin-like drugs
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
BQ (1 time)
1991 Aspirin-like drugs prime human T cells. Modulation of intracellular calcium concentrations.
45  atopic-like dermatitis
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
AD (2 times)
CAD (1 time)
CADESI (1 time)
2015 Food allergens inducing a lymphocyte-mediated immunological reaction in canine atopic-like dermatitis.
46  ATP-binding cassette, sub-family D
(3 times)
Cell Death
(1 time)
ZT (1 time)
2008 Steroid hormones control circadian Elovl3 expression in mouse liver.
47  axillary lymph node dissection
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
PV (1 time)
SNB (1 time)
2002 [Disability and lymphedema].
48  Accelerated longitudinal designs
(2 times)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2005 Individual and population penalized regression splines for accelerated longitudinal designs.
49  alcohol-related cirrhosis
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
HC (1 time)
2017 Dysfunctional neutrophil effector organelle mobilization and microbicidal protein release in alcohol-related cirrhosis.
50  aldosine
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
DES (2 times)
HPLC (2 times)
ISDES (2 times)
1996 Age-related alteration of cross-linking amino acids of elastin in human aorta.
51  alloxane diabetes
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
L-NNA (1 time)
LP (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2013 [Effect of NO-synthesis blockade on the free-radical processes in rats of different genetic strains with acute alloxan diabetes].
52  Amiodarone lung disease
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
EP (1 time)
LH (1 time)
2008 Nodular amiodarone lung disease.
53  Amniotic Leak Detector
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
EAC (1 time)
NICE (1 time)
PROM (1 time)
2015 Vision Amniotic Leak Detector (ALD) to Eliminate Amniotic Fluid Leakage as a Cause of Vaginal Wetness in Pregnancy: A NICE Medical Technology Guidance.
54  annular ligament displacement
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
--- 2002 Recurrent nursemaid's elbow (annular ligament displacement) treatment via telephone.
55  anterior laminar depth
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
BMO (1 time)
LC (1 time)
ONH (1 time)
2018 Evaluation of Automated Segmentation Algorithms for Optic Nerve Head Structures in Optical Coherence Tomography Images.
56  aortic luminal diameter
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
BTAI (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2011 Assessment of elastase-induced murine abdominal aortic aneurysms: comparison of ultrasound imaging with in situ video microscopy.
57  arithmetic learning disabilities
(2 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
ARLD (1 time)
AWP (1 time)
LD (1 time)
2006 Solving arithmetic word problems: an analysis of classification as a function of difficulty in children with and without arithmetic LD.
58  arithmetic learning disorder
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
2005 Selective effect of inhibition of literal or numerical irrelevant information in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or arithmetic learning disorder (ALD).
59  Aspirin-like defect
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
AA (2 times)
CT (1 time)
PAR (1 time)
2009 Clinical and laboratory phenotypes associated with the aspirin-like defect: a study in 17 unrelated families.
60  asymmetric linkage disequilibrium
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 2014 Conditional asymmetric linkage disequilibrium (ALD): extending the biallelic r2 measure.
61  Aucklandialappa Decne
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ALDE (1 time)
2016 Evaluation of Aucklandia lappa Decne extracts as antiulcer activity in animals.
62  autoclaved Leishmania donovani
(2 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
ALM (1 time)
DTH (1 time)
PC (1 time)
2003 Prophylactic potential of autoclaved Leishmania donovani with BCG against experimental visceral leishmaniasis.
63  abbreviated larval development
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
PLD (1 time)
2009 Evolution of life history traits in Asian freshwater prawns of the genus Macrobrachium (Crustacea: Decapoda: Palaemonidae) based on multilocus molecular phylogenetic analysis.
64  ability of daily living
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2006 [A randomized controlled trial of acupuncture treatment of acute ischemic stroke].
65  Academy of Laser Dentistry
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2005 Laser safety officer: a vital role for dental assistants.
66  acetaldehyde-injected
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
AHR (1 time)
AS (1 time)
Df (1 time)
2012 Acetaldehyde at a low concentration synergistically exacerbates allergic airway inflammation as an endocrine-disrupting chemical and as a volatile organic compound.
67  acetylleptinidine
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
BSA (1 time)
CAPS (1 time)
dw (1 time)
2002 Identification of molecular markers associated with leptine in reciprocal backcross families of diploid potato.
68  acinar longest diameter
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AUD (1 time)
ICs (1 time)
IPL (1 time)
2018 Changes in the Meibomian Gland After Exposure to Intense Pulsed Light in Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD) Patients.
69  aconite root and honey-processed liquorice
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
IBJ (1 time)
SND (1 time)
2019 The influence of compatibility of Si-Ni decoction with metabolism in intestinal bacteria on transports of toxic diterpenoid alkaloids from processed aconite root across Caco-2 monolayers.
70  acquired language disorder
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
CVD-G (1 time)
2005 [Cerebrovascular disease: language acquisition in preschool children].
71  activated lymphocyte-derived
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
SAP (1 time)
SLE (1 time)
2011 Macrophage differentiation and polarization via phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt-ERK signaling pathway conferred by serum amyloid P component.
72  activities of energy metabolism was investigated in slow anterior
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
CPK (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
MDH (1 time)
1986 Effect of spinal cord stimulation on the metabolism of developing latissimus dorsii muscles in chick embryo.
73  actual living donor
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
PLDs (1 time)
2011 Living kidney donor transplants over a 16-year period in South Africa: a single center experience.
74  acute lethal dose
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
RDX (1 time)
2003 Dietary oral exposure to l,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine in the northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus).
75  acute liver dysfunction
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
IBD (1 time)
2016 Computer-assisted expert case definition in electronic health records.
76  acute low-dose group
(1 time)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(1 time)
AHD (1 time)
SAHD (1 time)
SALD (1 time)
2019 Acute and Subacute Effects of Low Versus High Doses of Standardized Panax ginseng Extract on the Heart: An Experimental Study.
77  ad libitum diet
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AMBP (1 time)
AT (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1997 Effect of long-term blood pressure control on salt sensitivity.
78  Addison's disease, diagnosis of Adrenoleukodystrophy
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2010 Two brothers with X linked adrenoleukodystrophy.
79  adenoma with low-grade dysplasia
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AHD (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2017 Low HtrA1 expression in patients with long‑standing ulcerative colitis and colorectal cancer.
80  adenoma-like
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
DALMs (1 time)
GE (1 time)
IBD (1 time)
2007 Variability in the diagnosis and management of adenoma-like and non-adenoma-like dysplasia-associated lesions or masses in inflammatory bowel disease: an Internet-based study.
81  adenoma-like dysplasia
(1 time)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
ALM (1 time)
IND (1 time)
LGD (1 time)
2008 The present status and problems with diagnosis and management of dysplasia/colitic cancer in ulcerative colitis.
82  adequate-lipid diet
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
HLD (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2009 Effect of dietary levels of corn oil on maternal arachidonic acid synthesis and fatty acid composition in lactating rats.
83  adjacent leaf distance
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
LPC (1 time)
MLC (1 time)
MU (1 time)
2012 The dosimetric impact of inversely optimized arc radiotherapy plan modulation for real-time dynamic MLC tracking delivery.
84  adjustable intravenous loop diuretics
(1 time)
Heart Failure
(1 time)
AUF (1 time)
HF (1 time)
2016 Aquapheresis Versus Intravenous Diuretics and Hospitalizations for Heart Failure.
85  adjustable loop devices
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
CLD (1 time)
2016 Biomechanical Evaluation of an Adjustable Loop Suspensory Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Fixation Device: The Value of Retensioning and Knot Tying.
86  adult female
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
VLFA (1 time)
1981 Accumulation of very long chain fatty acids is common to 3 variants of adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD). "Classical" ALD, atypical ALD (female patient) and adrenomyeloneuropathy.
87  age at last delivery
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AFD (1 time)
1980 Breast cancer and reproductive history from genealogical data.
88  AIDS-like disease
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
bLF (1 time)
WBC (1 time)
2004 Effect of bovine lactoferrin on a transmissible AIDS-like disease in mice.
89  AIN-93 diet (3802.7 Kcal/kg)
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
LM (1 time)
RAD (1 time)
RAP (1 time)
2012 Feed restriction and a diet's caloric value: The influence on the aerobic and anaerobic capacity of rats.
90  airway lumen diameter
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AWT (1 time)
CF (1 time)
HRCT (1 time)
2004 Structural airway abnormalities in infants and young children with cystic fibrosis.
91  Aladdin
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ACD (1 time)
AL (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
2018 Efficiency and measurements agreement between swept-source OCT and low-coherence interferometry biometry systems.
92  Alcohol dehydrogenase
(1 time)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
AST (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
2010 Aflatoxin B₁ and ethanol co-exposure induces hepatic oxidative damage in mice.
93  alcohol use has well-established health risks including causing liver disease
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AOR (1 time)
AS (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
2018 Cannabis use is associated with reduced prevalence of progressive stages of alcoholic liver disease.
94  alcohol-associated dementia
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
LOAD (1 time)
VD (1 time)
2000 Estrogen receptor gene polymorphisms in patients with Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia and alcohol-associated dementia.
95  Alcohol-induced liver injury
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2016 High-throughput metabolomics approach reveals new mechanistic insights for drug response of phenotypes of geniposide towards alcohol-induced liver injury by using liquid chromatography coupled to high resolution mass spectrometry.
96  alcohol-induced liver steatosis
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
HCC (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
LT (1 time)
2019 High incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma and postoperative complications in patients with nonalcoholic steatohepatitis as a primary indication for deceased liver transplantation.
97  alcoholic disease
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
LT (1 time)
2010 Evolution of causes and risk factors for mortality post-liver transplant: results of the NIDDK long-term follow-up study.
98  alcoholic liver injury among alcoholicliverdisease
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
LRP6 (1 time)
TBA (1 time)
2019 The LRP6 functional mutation rs2302685 contributes to individual susceptibility to alcoholic liver injury related to the Wnt/beta-catenin-TCF1-CYP2E1 signaling pathway.
99  alcoholics presenting liver disease
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
HCC (1 time)
HIF-1alpha (1 time)
VEGF-A (1 time)
2014 Genetic polymorphisms of proangiogenic factors seem to favor hepatocellular carcinoma development in alcoholic cirrhosis.
100  Alcoholics with severe liver disease
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
IGF-1 (1 time)
1997 I: the effects of recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-1 on nutritional recovery in the malnourished alcoholic rat.