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Abbreviation: ALE
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Long forms: 121

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
activation likelihood estimation
(387 times)
Brain
(92 times)
fMRI (58 times)
VBM (19 times)
ASD (15 times)
2005 Automated analysis of meta-analysis networks.
adaptive laboratory evolution
(146 times)
Biotechnology
(47 times)
ARTP (7 times)
DHA (4 times)
SNPs (4 times)
2011 Adaptive laboratory evolution--harnessing the power of biology for metabolic engineering.
arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian
(73 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(22 times)
FSI (19 times)
CFD (6 times)
FE (6 times)
2005 Combined effects of pulsatile flow and dynamic curvature on wall shear stress in a coronary artery bifurcation model.
artichoke leaf extract
(31 times)
Complementary Therapies
(12 times)
MDA (5 times)
MetS (3 times)
AST (2 times)
2001 Artichoke leaf extract reduces symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome in a post-marketing surveillance study.
active life expectancy
(28 times)
Geriatrics
(11 times)
ADL (10 times)
LE (6 times)
ADLs (4 times)
1991 Quality of life: a possible health index for the elderly.
atomic layer etching
(25 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(11 times)
ALD (7 times)
HF (6 times)
XPS (4 times)
2015 Atomic layer etching of Al2O3 using sequential, self-limiting thermal reactions with Sn(acac)2 and hydrogen fluoride.
anatomical likelihood estimation
(24 times)
Psychiatry
(6 times)
VBM (8 times)
GM (5 times)
ASD (4 times)
2010 Autistic disorders and schizophrenia: related or remote? An anatomical likelihood estimation.
alendronate
(23 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
BPs (7 times)
ZOL (4 times)
BMD (3 times)
2002 Do different aminobisphosphonates have similar preventive effect on experimental thyroid hormone-induced osteopenia in rats?
advanced lipoxidation end products
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
AGE (10 times)
AD (2 times)
CML (2 times)
1999 Increased carbonyl modification by lipids and carbohydrates in diabetic nephropathy.
10  aqueous leaf extract
(12 times)
Biology
(5 times)
ABE (2 times)
ELE (2 times)
A. gangetica (1 time)
2005 Leaf extract of Crinum bulbispermum has antinociceptive activity in rats.
11  autoimmune limbic encephalitis
(12 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
CSF (4 times)
MRI (3 times)
AE (2 times)
2012 Two different 18F-FDG brain PET metabolic patterns in autoimmune limbic encephalitis.
12  adaptive line enhancer
(11 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
SNR (3 times)
AR (1 time)
ARMA (1 time)
1987 Ultradian rhythmometry by adaptive line enhancer.
13  adverse life events
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
APPS (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
EP (1 time)
2003 [Relationship between patient's subjective stress perception and the course of inflammatory bowel disease].
14  Appraisal of Life Events
(7 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
ART (1 time)
BFI-K (1 time)
CFA (1 time)
2002 Assessing the emotional impact of cadaver dissection on medical students.
15  alginate-like exopolysaccharides
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
AGS (2 times)
EPS (2 times)
AS (1 time)
2014 Accelerated aerobic granulation using alternating feed loadings: alginate-like exopolysaccharides.
16  atomic layer epitaxy
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
AFM (1 time)
ALD (1 time)
h-BN (1 time)
1996 Quantification of antimony depth profiles in Sb-doped tin dioxide thin films.
17  alternative last exon
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ABA (1 time)
AFE (1 time)
AS (1 time)
2017 CDK12 regulates alternative last exon mRNA splicing and promotes breast cancer cell invasion.
18  arm lymphedema
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AND (1 time)
AR (1 time)
LLE (1 time)
1986 Arm lymphedema in patients treated conservatively for breast cancer: relationship to patient age and axillary node dissection technique.
19  adult learning and education
(4 times)
Cognitive Science
(2 times)
--- 2020 Educational Leave as a Time Resource for Participation in Adult Learning and Education (ALE).
20  after light exposure
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
TUNEL (2 times)
ERG (1 time)
PKCalpha (1 time)
2011 Retinal ganglion cell axonal compression by retinal vessels in light-induced retinal degeneration.
21  alginate-like exopolymers
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AGS (2 times)
EPS (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2020 Biopolymers recovery: dynamics and characterization of alginate-like exopolymers in an aerobic granular sludge system treating municipal wastewater without sludge inoculum.
22  Average Localisation Error
(3 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(3 times)
Beta (1 time)
BLE (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2018 LSRR-LA: An Anisotropy-Tolerant Localization Algorithm Based on Least Square Regularized Regression for Multi-Hop Wireless Sensor Networks.
23  A.squamosa leaf extract
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
alpha-MSH (1 time)
MITF (1 time)
2019 Annona squamosa L. leaves inhibit alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) stimulated melanogenesis via p38 signalingpathway in B16F10 melanoma cells.
24  accumulated local effect
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
CNN (1 time)
GRU (1 time)
NPIs (1 time)
2020 Mid-term prediction of at-fault crash driver frequency using fusion deep learning with city-level traffic violation data.
25  acetal levulinyl ester
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
2'-O-ALE (1 time)
ACN (1 time)
DCI (1 time)
2008 The acetal levulinyl ester (ALE) group for the 2'-hydroxyl protection of ribonucleosides and the synthesis of oligoribonucleotides.
26  acquired lobar emphysema
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
BPD (1 time)
HRCT (1 time)
PIE (1 time)
1984 Surgery of acquired lobar emphysema in the neonate.
27  activation likelihood estimation meta-analysis
(2 times)
Diagnostic Techniques, Neurological
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
PTSD (1 time)
2015 Different neural modifications underpin PTSD after different traumatic events: an fMRI meta-analytic study.
28  adaptive evolution
(2 times)
Industrial Microbiology
(1 time)
ARTP (1 time)
HTS (1 time)
2016 Adaptation to low pH and lignocellulosic inhibitors resulting in ethanolic fermentation and growth of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
29  adaptive line enhancement
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AR (2 times)
ARMA (1 time)
PSD (1 time)
1992 Noninvasive diagnosis of coronary artery disease using a neural network algorithm.
30  adipose liquid extract
(2 times)
Stem Cells
(1 time)
ADSCs (1 time)
DAT (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
2018 Optimized adipose tissue engineering strategy based on a neo-mechanical processing method.
31  alemtuzumab
(2 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
Ab (1 time)
AHG (1 time)
2005 New crossmatch technique eliminates interference by humanized and chimeric monoclonal antibodies.
32  alginate-like extracellular polymers
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AGS (2 times)
EPS (2 times)
CAS (1 time)
2016 Extraction of Structural Extracellular Polymeric Substances from Aerobic Granular Sludge.
33  ALignment Editor
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2011 Boulder ALignment Editor (ALE): a web-based RNA alignment tool.
34  Allylestrenol
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
CMA (2 times)
NPT (1 time)
1990 [Effects of anti-androgens on sexual function. Double-blind comparative studies on allylestrenol and chlormadinone acetate Part I: Nocturnal penile tumescence monitoring].
35  Aloe vera extract
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AAS (1 time)
EPS (1 time)
ESBL (1 time)
2017 Fungal chitosan based nanocomposites sponges-An alternative medicine for wound dressing.
36  animal loss equivalent
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
DALY (2 times)
HALYs (1 time)
zDALY (1 time)
2017 DALYs, dollars and dogs: how best to analyse the economics of controlling zoonoses.
37  Annona leaf extracts
(2 times)
Antioxidants
(1 time)
PD (1 time)
2021 Potential Use of Annona Genus Plants Leaf Extracts to Produce Bioactive Transdermal Patches by Supercritical Solvent Impregnation.
38  apparent life-threatening events
(2 times)
Perinatology
(1 time)
--- 1990 Cardiorespiratory patterns in infants presenting with apparent life-threatening episodes.
39  Aquilariae Lignum
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ROS (2 times)
4-HNE (1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
2017 The ethanol extract of Aquilariae Lignum ameliorates hippocampal oxidative stress in a repeated restraint stress mouse model.
40  arbitrary Eulerian-Lagrangian
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CFD (2 times)
CoA (1 time)
EM (1 time)
2009 Validation of a numerical 3-D fluid-structure interaction model for a prosthetic valve based on experimental PIV measurements.
41  arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian formulation
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
FEM (1 time)
FSI (1 time)
FVM (1 time)
2010 Partitioned fluid-solid coupling for cardiovascular blood flow: left-ventricular fluid mechanics.
42  average life expectancy
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CIPC (1 time)
HR (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
2017 Comparative efficacy evaluation of catheter intraperitoneal chemotherapy, normothermic and hyperthermic chemoperfusion in a rat model of ascitic ovarian cancer.
43  A. comosus leaf extract
(1 time)
Inflammation
(1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
LC-MS (1 time)
2017 Anti-inflammatory evaluation and characterization of leaf extract of Ananas comosus.
44  A. distichum leaf extract
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
MAPK (1 time)
PPARgamma (1 time)
2021 Inhibitory effect of ethanolic extract of Abeliophyllum distichum leaf on 3T3-L1 adipocyte differentiation.
45  A. lappa extract
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
A. lappa (1 time)
mROS (1 time)
2018 Inhibitory Effect and Mechanism of Arctium lappa Extract on NLRP3 Inflammasome Activation.
46  A. venetum leaf extract
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
3-NT (1 time)
GPx (1 time)
GR (1 time)
2015 Apocynum venetum Attenuates Acetaminophen-Induced Liver Injury in Mice.
47  Acceptable limits of error
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
FNR (1 time)
FPR (1 time)
1989 Quality control in schistosomiasis programmes.
48  acetone extracts of leaves of Enhydra fluctuans
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
MLE (1 time)
2012 Antimicrobial and cytotoxic activity of three bitter plants enhydra fluctuans, andrographis peniculata and clerodendrum viscosum.
49  Acoustic Low Energy
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
BLE (1 time)
LFM (1 time)
PIPSs (1 time)
2021 Noise-Resilient Acoustic Low Energy Beacon for Proximity-Based Indoor Positioning Systems.
50  acquired life entropy
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ALEF (1 time)
ALEP (1 time)
TCM (1 time)
2008 Entropy-based model for interpreting life systems in traditional chinese medicine.
51  Activation Likelihood Estimation algorithm
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
FEFs (1 time)
FFC (1 time)
SCEFs (1 time)
2018 The neural correlates of visual imagery: Aco-ordinate-based meta-analysis.
52  active living environments
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2020 The Association of Active Living Environments and Mental Health: A Canadian Epidemiological Analysis.
53  active low-energy
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
APAS (1 time)
IC (1 time)
2013 Early physical activity minimizes the adverse effects of a low-energy diet on growth and development parameters.
54  Acute chemotherapy-induced lupus erythematosus
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2018 [Toxidermy mimicking acute chemotherapy-induced lupus erythematosus].
55  adaptive laboratory enhancement
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2021 Induction of resistance mechanisms in Rhodotorula toruloides for growth in sugarcane hydrolysate with high inhibitor content.
56  additional life expectancy
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
SG (1 time)
TTO (1 time)
2015 The time horizon matters: results of an exploratory study varying the timeframe in time trade-off and standard gamble utility elicitation.
57  adjacent-level effects
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2007 StabilimaxNZ) versus simulated fusion: evaluation of adjacent-level effects.
58  admixture-lathe-cut eutectic
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
SCS (1 time)
1987 Creep of amalgam at low stresses.
59  adolescents living with epilepsy
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
QoL (1 time)
2020 Household poverty, schooling, stigma and quality of life in adolescents with epilepsy in rural Uganda.
60  adriamycin-lipiodol emulsion
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ADR (1 time)
1993 [Experimental study on the prevention of hepatic metastasis by intraportal administration of carcinostatics].
61  advanced lipid end product
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
AGE (1 time)
2007 Preventing cell death induced by carbonyl stress, oxidative stress or mitochondrial toxins with vitamin B anti-AGE agents.
62  advanced lipoxidation
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AGE (2 times)
PM (1 time)
2003 Synthesis of a novel radical trapping and carbonyl group trapping anti-AGE agent: a pyridoxamine analogue for inhibiting advanced glycation (AGE) and lipoxidation (ALE) end products.
63  Adverse life experiences
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CVD (1 time)
CVH (1 time)
SMW (1 time)
2019 Sexual Identity, Adverse Life Experiences, and Cardiovascular Health in Women.
64  afra leaf ethanol
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GPI (1 time)
MD (1 time)
RLE (1 time)
2008 Spasmolytic effects of artemisia afra and artemisia rehan in tissue preparations.
65  after the last exposure
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AO (1 time)
FCM (1 time)
1986 Toxicity of thiotepa on mouse spermatogenesis as determined by dual-parameter flow cytometry.
66  Agastache rugosa leaf extract
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
HO (1 time)
2005 Protein kinase G-dependent heme oxygenase-1 induction by Agastache rugosa leaf extract protects RAW264.7 cells from hydrogen peroxide-induced injury.
67  AL leaves
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ABTS (1 time)
AMD (1 time)
DCFDA (1 time)
2020 Suppressive Effect of Arctium Lappa L. Leaves on Retinal Damage Against A2E-Induced ARPE-19 Cells and Mice.
68  AL supplemented with the NSP enzyme complex
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
AS (1 time)
CTR (1 time)
2014 Addition of nonstarch polysaccharides degrading enzymes to two hulless barley varieties fed in diets for weaned pigs.
69  Albizia lebbeck seeds
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
AD (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
2019 Experimental and Computational Studies to Characterize and Evaluate the Therapeutic Effect of Albizia lebbeck (L.) Seeds in Alzheimer's Disease.
70  alcohol at weekends
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
PC (1 time)
2008 [Prefrontal activity and weekend alcoholism in the young].
71  Alcohol Law Enforcement
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
--- 2014 Exploring the distribution of alcohol violation-types in North Carolina between 2000 and 2011.
72  alcoholic extract of the aerial part
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DCM (1 time)
2020 New calogenin pregnane glycoside derivative from Huernia saudi- arabica and its Lipase and alpha-Glucosidase Inhibitory Activities.
73  aldose 1-epimerase
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CAZys (1 time)
CBM (1 time)
CDH (1 time)
2013 Genomewide analysis of polysaccharides degrading enzymes in 11 white- and brown-rot Polyporales provides insight into mechanisms of wood decay.
74  Alegria
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ACU (1 time)
AES (1 time)
aPA (1 time)
2019 Evaluation of the sensitivity and specificity of a novel line immunoassay for the detection of criteria and non-criteria antiphospholipid antibodies in comparison to established ELISAs.
75  aleuritic acid
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
PAL (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2020 Elucidating esterification reaction during deposition of cutin monomers from classical molecular dynamics simulations.
76  alginate-like extract
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EPS (1 time)
FISH (1 time)
PPB (1 time)
2020 Purple phototrophic bacteria granules under high and low upflow velocities.
77  alginate-like substance
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EPS (1 time)
2021 [Mechanisms Summary and Potential Analysis of EPS as a Flame Retardant].
78  allergic-like events
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ARI (1 time)
ORs (1 time)
2014 Risk factors associated with anaphylaxis and other allergic-like events following receipt of 2009 monovalent AS03-adjuvanted pandemic influenza vaccine in Quebec, Canada.
79  allicin, S-ethyl ethanethiosulfinate
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
--- 2019 S-ethyl ethanethiosulfinate, a derivative of allicin, induces metacaspase-dependent apoptosis through ROS generation in Penicillium chrysogenum.
80  Allium longicuspis extracts
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
MEC (1 time)
2020 Bioactivities of Allium longicuspis Regel against anthracnose of mango caused by Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz.).
81  alloisoleucine
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
KAM (1 time)
1989 Plasma alloisoleucine: analytical method and clearance in ketoacid-supplemented normals.
82  Alpinia galanga leaves
(1 time)
ARE (1 time)
DCFH-DA (1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
2021 Neuroprotective Assessment of Moringa oleifera Leaves Extract against Oxidative-Stress-Induced Cytotoxicity in SHSY5Y Neuroblastoma Cells.
83  amalgamated likelihood estimation
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DTL (1 time)
2013 Efficient exploration of the space of reconciled gene trees.
84  americana leaves extract
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
JNK (1 time)
Nrf2 (1 time)
2017 Effects of C-Glycosides from Apios americana Leaves against Oxidative Stress during Hyperglycemia through Regulating Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases and Nuclear Factor Erythroid 2-Related Factor 2.
85  americana Medikus leaf extract
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
NO (1 time)
2020 Flavonoids from Apios americana Medikus Leaves Protect RAW264.7 Cells against Inflammation via Inhibition of MAPKs, Akt-mTOR Pathways, and Nfr2 Activation.
86  Analysis of Likelihood Estimation
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Executive Functions Brain System: An Activation Likelihood Estimation Meta-analytic Study.
87  Anatomic Likelihood Analysis
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CAML (1 time)
DWI (1 time)
2018 Convergence Analysis of Micro-Lesions (CAML): An approach to mapping of diffuse lesions from carotid revascularization.
88  Anatomy Learning Experience Questionnaire
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
--- 2013 The context of learning anatomy: does it make a difference?
89  Anogeissus latifolia bark
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Healing potential of Anogeissus latifolia for dermal wounds in rats.
90  Anogeissus latifolia extract
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CRS (1 time)
HPTLC (1 time)
LPO (1 time)
2006 Antiulcer and antimicrobial activity of Anogeissus latifolia.
91  anterior lamellar excision
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
OCP (1 time)
2009 Anterior lamellar excision and laissez-faire healing for aberrant lashes in ocular cicatricial pemphigoid.
92  anterior lateral eyes
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Growing tiny eyes: How juvenile jumping spiders retain high visual performance in the face of size limitations and developmental constraints.
93  anthropological, legal, and ethical
(1 time)
GINA (1 time)
HCM (1 time)
LQTS (1 time)
2013 Playing with heart and soul…and genomes: sports implications and applications of personal genomics.
94  antibacterial ligand efficiency
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DAT (1 time)
Mtb (1 time)
2014 Diarylthiazole: an antimycobacterial scaffold potentially targeting PrrB-PrrA two-component system.
95  antileukemic effect
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
CR (1 time)
DAC (1 time)
2020 Monosomal karyotype and chromosome 17p loss or TP53 mutations in decitabine-treated patients with acute myeloid leukemia.
96  apple mint leaves
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ERK (1 time)
HDFs (1 time)
IL-8 (1 time)
2018 Anti-Thermal Skin Aging Activity of Aqueous Extracts Derived from Apple Mint (Mentha suaveolens Ehrh.) in Human Dermal Fibroblasts.
97  aqueous leaf extract of AI
(1 time)
Pharmacognosy
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
LPO (1 time)
STZ (1 time)
2016 The Antioxidant Potential of Azadirachta indica Ameliorates Cardioprotection Following Diabetic Mellitus-Induced Microangiopathy.
98  aqueous licorice extract
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
DS (1 time)
FT (1 time)
GA (1 time)
2005 Licorice: a possible anti-inflammatory and anti-ulcer drug.
99  arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian technique
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
CME (1 time)
LME (1 time)
2012 Lattice-type-dependent momentum-exchange method for moving boundaries.
100  Arctium lappa root extract
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
TCM (1 time)
2020 Arctium lappa root extract containing L-arginine prevents TNF-alpha-induced early atherosclerosis in vitro and in vivo.