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Abbreviation: ALR
Appearance Frequency: 408 time(s)
Long forms: 108

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
augmenter of liver regeneration
(136 times)
Gastroenterology
(22 times)
I/R (10 times)
rhALR (8 times)
AKI (7 times)
1994 Cloning and sequence analysis of the rat augmenter of liver regeneration (ALR) gene: expression of biologically active recombinant ALR and demonstration of tissue distribution.
autophagic lysosome reformation
(22 times)
Cell Biology
(12 times)
PtdIns4P (2 times)
ACR (1 time)
AD (1 time)
2011 Spinster is required for autophagic lysosome reformation and mTOR reactivation following starvation.
aldose reductase
(21 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
DR (7 times)
DM (3 times)
AGEs (2 times)
2004 Aldose reductase gene polymorphisms and peripheral nerve function in patients with type 2 diabetes.
airlift reactor
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
ALPR (2 times)
CSTR (2 times)
DCM (2 times)
2002 A comparative evaluation of Cephalosporin C production using various immobilization modes.
aldehyde reductase
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
AR (4 times)
3-DG (2 times)
aa (1 time)
1981 Increase of low-Km NADPH-dependent aldehyde reductase activity in the brain by chronic treatment of rats with barbital.
anatomic lung resection
(11 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
HCC (2 times)
VATS (2 times)
ACS-NSQIP (1 time)
2014 Anatomical Liver Resections Guided by 3-Dimensional Parenchymal Staining Using Fusion Indocyanine Green Fluorescence Imaging.
AIM2-like receptor
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
NLR (4 times)
NLRs (2 times)
PAMPs (2 times)
2012 Extensive evolutionary and functional diversity among mammalian AIM2-like receptors.
alternating logistic regression
(9 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(3 times)
OR (2 times)
ANC (1 time)
COPCs (1 time)
2000 Use of alternating logistic regression in studies of drug-use clustering.
ammonia loading rate
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
HRT (4 times)
AOB (2 times)
MBR (2 times)
2006 The effect of landfill leachate composition on organics and nitrogen removal in an activated sludge system with bentonite additive.
10  adiponectin/leptin ratio
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
AT (2 times)
F/P (2 times)
IR (2 times)
2012 Metformin in obese children and adolescents: the MOCA trial.
11  Active Living Research
(6 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
--- 2009 The Active Living Research program: six years of grantmaking.
12  arteriolipidosis-prone rats
(6 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
SHR (2 times)
ACAT (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
1977 Selection of arteriolipidosis-prone rats (ALR) [proceedings].
13  alloxan-resistant
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
ALS (1 time)
CTS (1 time)
MHC (1 time)
2005 Major histocompatibility complex-linked diabetes susceptibility in NOD/Lt mice: subcongenic analysis localizes a component of Idd16 at the H2-D end of the diabetogenic H2(g7) complex.
14  annular ligament reconstruction
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
UO (2 times)
CLAI (1 time)
MEPS (1 time)
2012 Indirect reduction of the radial head in children with chronic Monteggia lesions.
15  ASA low response
(5 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ASA (2 times)
CLR (2 times)
ADP (1 time)
2011 Tailored antiplatelet therapy can overcome clopidogrel and aspirin resistance--the BOchum CLopidogrel and Aspirin Plan (BOCLA-Plan) to improve antiplatelet therapy.
16  auditory late response
(5 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
ASEPs (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
ERP (1 time)
2009 Neurofeedback by neural correlates of auditory selective attention as possible application for tinnitus therapies.
17  administrative license revocation
(4 times)
Accidents, Traffic
(3 times)
BAC (2 times)
FARS (2 times)
ARIMA (1 time)
1997 Effects of administrative license revocation on employment.
18  anterior lamellar recession
(4 times)
Eye Diseases
(2 times)
PLTR (1 time)
PTT (1 time)
TT (1 time)
2015 Short term outcome of anterior lamellar reposition in treating trachomatous trichiasis.
19  anterolateral reconstruction
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
ACL (3 times)
ALL (2 times)
ACLR (1 time)
2011 Biomechanical evaluation of an anatomic double-bundle posterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.
20  adrenal to liver ratio
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
CON (2 times)
PA (2 times)
ROC (2 times)
2014 Prognostic value of semiquantification NP-59 SPECT/CT in primary aldosteronism patients after adrenalectomy.
21  Aspartate-Less Receiver
(3 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
Asp (1 time)
REC (1 time)
2015 The aspartate-less receiver (ALR) domains: distribution, structure and function.
22  Aconiti Lateralis Radix
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
GR (1 time)
MesPGN (1 time)
PALR (1 time)
2012 Enhancement by Glycyrrhizae Radix of hepatic metabolism of hypaconitine, a major bioactive and toxic component of Aconiti Laterlis Radix, evaluated by HPLC-TQ-MS/MS analysis.
23  Acute liver rejection
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
BAL (1 time)
CF (1 time)
CMV (1 time)
2014 Role of cytokine profile in the differential diagnosis between acute lung rejection and pulmonary infections after lung transplantation†.
24  acute lung rejection episodes
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
AER (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BUN (1 time)
1998 [The treatment and prognosis of acute late rejection after kidney transplantation].
25  adaptive learning rate
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AGMs (1 time)
GD (1 time)
MLP (1 time)
2010 Stable modeling based control methods using a new RBF network.
26  age at last reproduction
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
AFR (2 times)
2006 Quantitative genetics of age at reproduction in wild swans: support for antagonistic pleiotropy models of senescence.
27  air lift
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AN (1 time)
COD (1 time)
HRT (1 time)
2014 Effects of hydraulic retention time and nitrobenzene concentration on the performance of sequential upflow anaerobic filter and air lift reactors in treating nitrobenzene-containing wastewater.
28  alizarin red
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ALP (2 times)
BMSCs (2 times)
DEX (2 times)
2022 Therapeutic effect of platelet-rich plasma on glucocorticoid-induced rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells in vitro.
29  alloxan-induced diabetes-resistant
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ALS (2 times)
ICR (1 time)
1990 Genetic profile of alloxan-induced diabetes-susceptible mice (ALS) and-resistant mice (ALR).
30  ALP-to-lymphocyte ratio
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ACM (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
2018 A new laboratory-based algorithm to predict microvascular invasion and survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma.
31  ammonium loading rate
(2 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
DO (1 time)
ILR (1 time)
NOB (1 time)
2017 Effect of Free Ammonia, Free Nitrous Acid, and Alkalinity on the Partial Nitrification of Pretreated Pig Slurry, Using an Alternating Oxic/Anoxic SBR.
32  anterior lens radius
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ACD (1 time)
APD (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2017 Semiautomatic procedure to assess changes in the eye accommodative system.
33  Aquilariae Lignum Resinatum
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
GIM (1 time)
2016 Chemical profiling and adulteration screening of Aquilariae Lignum Resinatum by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy and two-dimensional correlation infrared (2D-IR) spectroscopy.
34  automated landmark recognition
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2021 Development of intra-oral automated landmark recognition (ALR) for dental and occlusal outcome measurements.
35  absolute value of LR
(1 time)
GWAS (1 time)
MAX (1 time)
SLR (1 time)
2021 Revealing New Candidate Genes for Teat Number Relevant Traits in Duroc Pigs Using Genome-Wide Association Studies.
36  accelerated rejection
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
eGFR (1 time)
2014 Imbalance of different types of CD4(+)Foxp3(+) T cells in renal transplant recipients.
37  access to literacy resources
(1 time)
Cognitive Science
(1 time)
HLE (1 time)
PT (1 time)
SBR (1 time)
2020 Home Literacy Environment and Early Literacy Development Across Languages Varying in Orthographic Consistency.
38  accessory lateral rectus
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
EOMs (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2007 Horizontal rectus muscle anatomy in naturally and artificially strabismic monkeys.
39  acetabular labral repair
(1 time)
Arthroscopy
(1 time)
LOE (1 time)
2021 Repair versus Debridement for Acetabular Labral Tears-A Systematic Review.
40  Aconiti Lateralis Preparata Radix
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
mBMMSCs (1 time)
2013 Aconiti Lateralis Preparata Radix Activates the Proliferation of Mouse Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Induces Osteogenic Lineage Differentiation through the Bone Morphogenetic Protein-2/Smad-Dependent Runx2 Pathway.
41  acquired lapatinib resistance
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
GO (1 time)
KEGG (1 time)
2015 Identification of novel therapeutic target genes in acquired lapatinib-resistant breast cancer by integrative meta-analysis.
42  acquired resistance to lapatinib
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
GEO (1 time)
GO (1 time)
KEGG (1 time)
2020 Screening and Identification of Key Biomarkers in Acquired Lapatinib-Resistant Breast Cancer.
43  active leg raising
(1 time)
Exercise
(1 time)
cPM (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
EO (1 time)
2018 Effect of psoas major pre-activation on electromyographic activity of the abdominal muscles and pelvic rotation during active leg raising.
44  active lymphocytic response
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
IP-10 (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2002 RANTES expression is a predictor of survival in stage I lung adenocarcinoma.
45  activity level reporting
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
--- 2022 American forensic DNA practitioners' opinion on activity level evaluative reporting.
46  acute leukemoid reaction
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
G-CSF (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
RCC (1 time)
2020 Rapid exacerbation featuring acute leukemoid reaction after retrolaparoscopic nephrectomy: a rare case report of renal cell carcinoma with postoperative comprehensive genomic profiling.
47  acute lower respiratory infections
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
--- 1991 Indoor air pollution exposure and lower respiratory infections in young Gambian children.
48  acute lumbar radiculopathy
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ANP (1 time)
MAN (1 time)
Mob (1 time)
2021 Analgesic Effects of Two Types of Spinal Manipulation in Acute Lumbar Radiculopathy Model Rats.
49  adaptive linear regression
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2015 Adaptive Linear Regression for Appearance-Based Gaze Estimation.
50  Adenosine triphosphate linked respiration
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
EDTA (1 time)
MRC (1 time)
PBMCs (1 time)
2022 Time dependent changes in the bioenergetics of peripheral blood mononuclear cells: processing time, collection tubes and cryopreservation effects.
51  adiponectin, leptin, and resistin
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
T2DM (1 time)
2016 Type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome - adipokine levels and effect of drugs.
52  adult literacy rate
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
EMR (1 time)
HDI (1 time)
U5MR (1 time)
2008 Temporal variations of health indicators in Iran comparing with other Eastern Mediterranean Region countries in the last two decades.
53  Adult liver recipients
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
LT (1 time)
PLA (1 time)
2018 Risk factors and outcomes of pyogenic liver abscess in adult liver recipients: a matched case-control study.
54  Aged LR
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
LR (1 time)
2012 The follicular hormonal profile in low-responder patients undergoing unstimulated cycles: Is it hypoandrogenic?
55  air-lift bioreactor
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MCB (1 time)
2014 Air-lift reactor system for the treatment of waste-gas-containing monochlorobenzene.
56  air-lift column reactor
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Beta-glucan production by Botryosphaeria rhodina in different bench-top bioreactors.
57  air-liquid ratio
(1 time)
--- 2020 Improved Atomization via a Mechanical Atomizer with Optimal Geometric Parameters and an Air-Assisted Component.
58  airlift internal loop reactor
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
DO (1 time)
2014 Enhancement of nuclease P1 production by Penicillium citrinum YL104 immobilized on activated carbon filter sponge.
59  AL for regression
(1 time)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
2018 Pool-Based Sequential Active Learning for Regression.
60  alarms
(1 time)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
ARV (1 time)
MM (1 time)
2006 Sustained benefit from a long-term antiretroviral adherence intervention. Results of a large randomized clinical trial.
61  albumin-to- lymphocyte ratio
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
FLR (1 time)
2019 Clinical Significance of Serum CA125, CA19-9, CA72-4, and Fibrinogen-to-Lymphocyte Ratio in Gastric Cancer With Peritoneal Dissemination.
62  aldehyde reductase gene
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1996 Cloning of the aldehyde reductase gene from a red yeast, Sporobolomyces salmonicolor, and characterization of the gene and its product.
63  aldose reductase inhibitory
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ARIs (1 time)
2013 Synthesis and biological evaluation of new epalrestat analogues as aldose reductase inhibitors (ARIs).
64  aldose reductase-encoding gene
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
1991 Characterization of the aldose reductase-encoding gene family in rat.
65  allergic
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AHA (1 time)
AHTR (1 time)
ANR (1 time)
2014 Supportive transfusion therapy in cancer patients with acquired defects of hemostasis.
66  allergic-like reaction
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
ICA (1 time)
NIVC (1 time)
PCNL (1 time)
2018 "Allergic-like" reaction risk in patients undergoing non-intravenous contrast urography.
67  aloe-peel-residue
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AcoD (1 time)
DM (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2021 Static-magnetic-field coupled with fly-ash accelerant: A powerful strategy to significantly enhance the mesophilic anaerobic-co-digestion.
68  Alpine lakes region
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
--- 2022 Unique genetic structure of the human tapeworm Dibothriocephalus latus from the Alpine lakes region - a successful adaptation?
69  ALT ratio
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
IO (1 time)
2021 Serum alanine aminotransferase as an early marker of outcomes in patients receiving anti-PD-1 or anti-CTLA-4 antibody.
70  altitudinal lapse rate
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
LM (1 time)
QL (1 time)
TP (1 time)
2020 Responses of sedimentary delta2Halk values to environmental changes as revealed by different plant responses to altitude and altitude-related temperatures.
71  alveolar crest level
(1 time)
Periodontal Diseases
(1 time)
BPD (1 time)
CAL (1 time)
H-NHA (1 time)
2021 Clinicoradiographic evaluation of hyaluronan-nano hydroxyapatite composite graft in the management of periodontal infrabony defects.
72  amalgam lichenoid reaction
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
DCs (1 time)
NOM (1 time)
OLP (1 time)
2016 CD1a+ dendritic cells in oral lichen planus and amalgam lichenoid reaction.
73  ambient light rejection
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
ASIC (1 time)
SP (1 time)
2021 Ambient Light Rejection Integrated Circuit for Autonomous Adaptation on a Sub-Retinal Prosthetic System.
74  aminotransferase-to-lymphocyte ratio
(1 time)
Cell Transformation, Neoplastic
(1 time)
AIC (1 time)
C-index (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
2021 Prognostic value of preoperative inflammatory markers in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent curative resection.
75  amlodipine + losartan + rosuvastatin
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
ALC (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2021 Clinical effectiveness and safety of amlodipine/losartan-based single-pill combination therapy in patients with hypertension: Findings from real-world, multicenter observational databases.
76  ammoniacal nitrogen loading rate
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
A. africanus (1 time)
VSSFs (1 time)
2018 Influence of Agapanthus africanus on nitrification in a vertical subsurface flow constructed wetland.
77  anaerobic landfill sites with leachate recirculation
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BDM (1 time)
SLR (1 time)
TOC (1 time)
2011 Influence of semi-aerobic and anaerobic landfill operation with leachate recirculation on stabilization processes.
78  anastomotic leakage rate
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
MIS (2 times)
AR (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2022 Fluorescent angiography in colorectal surgery, the influence of augmented reality in the operating room on the anastomotic leakage after low rectal resection.
79  anatomic ligament repair
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
IKDC (1 time)
MCL (1 time)
TLR (1 time)
2015 Surgical Treatment of Acute Grade III Medial Collateral Ligament Injury Combined With Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury: Anatomic Ligament Repair Versus Triangular Ligament Reconstruction.
80  anatomical landmark registration
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
CAESS (1 time)
SR (1 time)
TRE (1 time)
2010 [A comparison between anatomical landmark registration and surface registration for computer-assisted endoscopic sinus surgery].
81  anchorage loss right
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
2019 Does anchorage loss differ with 0.018-inch and 0.022-inch slot bracket systems?
82  annular ligament
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
--- 2019 A new approach for surgical treatment of chronic Monteggia fracture in children.
83  antenna-lattice resonances
(1 time)
--- 2021 Infrared Open Cavities for Strong Vibrational Coupling.
84  anterior lens
(1 time)
Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
CMA (1 time)
CSA (1 time)
2021 The Relationship Between Age and the Morphology of the Crystalline Lens, Ciliary Muscle, Trabecular Meshwork, and Schlemm's Canal: An in vivo Swept-Source Optical Coherence Tomography Study.
85  anterior lens curvature
(1 time)
Eye Diseases
(1 time)
ACD (1 time)
AL (1 time)
LT (1 time)
2022 Anterior Lens Curvature Matters in the Course of Primary Angle Closure: An Analysis Based on Ultrasound Biomicroscopic Imaging.
86  anterior longitudinal ligament
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
2013 Early outcomes of minimally invasive anterior longitudinal ligament release for correction of sagittal imbalance in patients with adult spinal deformity.
87  anterior lumbosacral radiculopathy
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CIP (1 time)
2009 Critical illness polyneuropathy: a rare but serious adverse event in pediatric oncology.
88  antibody labeling reagent
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
BMM (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
DMG (1 time)
2021 Live-3D-Cell Immunocytochemistry Assays of Pediatric Diffuse Midline Glioma.
89  ape language research
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 2003 The emergence of a new paradigm in ape language research.
90  approximate likelihood ratio
(1 time)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
--- 2002 Accurate critical constants for the one-sided approximate likelihood ratio test of a normal mean vector when the covariance matrix is estimated.
91  Arctiumlappa root
(1 time)
Technology, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
AGS (1 time)
TFC (1 time)
TPC (1 time)
2021 Anticancer Activity of Ethnopharmacological Plants of Golestan Province/Iran against AGS, HT-29 and KYSE-30 Cell Lines through Promoting the Apoptosis and Immunomodulatory Effects.
92  arm/leg raise
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
LBP (1 time)
LR (1 time)
2014 Trunk muscle activation during different quadruped stabilization exercises in individuals with chronic low back pain.
93  assisted laparoscopic resection
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
DLR (1 time)
1997 Elective laparoscopic-assisted sigmoid resection for diverticular disease.
94  assisted living residence
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
2016 Prevalence and Medication Management of Dementia by a Medical Practice Providing Onsite Care in Assisted Living.
95  asymptomatic low risk
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
AHR (1 time)
CVF (1 time)
PTB (1 time)
2016 Identifying metabolite markers for preterm birth in cervicovaginal fluid by magnetic resonance spectroscopy.
96  atomic layer reduction
(1 time)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
ALO (1 time)
GO (1 time)
2019 Linear control of the oxidation level on graphene oxide sheets using the cyclic atomic layer reduction technique.
97  ATP-linked respiration
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
ETC (1 time)
MRC (1 time)
2019 Variations in Mitochondrial Respiration Differ in IL-1ss/IL-10 Ratio Based Subgroups in Autism Spectrum Disorders.
98  attachment loss rate
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
GI (1 time)
TPS (1 time)
2005 Clinical parameters associated with success and failure of single-tooth titanium plasma-sprayed cylindric implants under stricter criteria: a 5-year retrospective study.
99  Augmenter of Liver Regeneration protein
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 2005 Expression of the sulfhydryl oxidase ALR (Augmenter of Liver Regeneration) in adult rat brain.
100  autophagic lysosomal regeneration
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
MNF (1 time)
2019 Single-molecule in vitro reconstitution assay for kinesin-1-driven membrane dynamics.