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Abbreviation: AM
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
alveolar macrophages
(2003 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(437 times)
BAL (232 times)
LPS (198 times)
TNF-alpha (111 times)
1963 A histochemical study of phagocytic and enzymatic functions of rabbit mononuclear and polymorphonuclear exudate cells and alveolar macrophages. I. Survey and quantitation of enzymes, and states of cellular activation.
arbuscular mycorrhizal
(1683 times)
Botany
(812 times)
AMF (53 times)
ECM (46 times)
EM (32 times)
1995 Arbuscular mycorrhizal induced changes to plant growth and root system morphology in Prunus cerasifera.
adrenomedullin
(1146 times)
Biochemistry
(258 times)
CGRP (138 times)
CRLR (74 times)
RAMP (64 times)
1986 Internalization and lysosomal association of [125I]angiotensin II in norepinephrine-containing cells of the rat adrenal medulla.
amplitude modulation
(552 times)
Audiology
(204 times)
FM (105 times)
ASSR (21 times)
PM (19 times)
1975 [Selective sensitivity of hearing to amplitude modulation of speech in man].
amniotic membrane
(455 times)
Ophthalmology
(188 times)
AMT (36 times)
LSCD (25 times)
MSCs (20 times)
1991 A new biological membrane for pericardial closure.
additive manufacturing
(339 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(79 times)
SLM (31 times)
FDM (19 times)
CAD (13 times)
2010 Next-generation biomedical implants using additive manufacturing of complex, cellular and functional mesh arrays.
anteromedial
(331 times)
Orthopedics
(126 times)
ACL (219 times)
PL (205 times)
AL (34 times)
1982 Some attentional effects of unilateral frontal lesions in the rat.
acrylamide
(200 times)
Chemistry
(39 times)
FTIR (32 times)
SEM (28 times)
AA (26 times)
1985 Direct alkylation of 2'-deoxynucleosides and DNA following in vitro reaction with acrylamide.
autobiographical memory
(157 times)
Psychology
(66 times)
fMRI (11 times)
MDD (9 times)
ToM (9 times)
1993 Autobiographical memory in depression: state or trait marker?
10  amygdala
(135 times)
Brain
(69 times)
AD (11 times)
HIPP (10 times)
HP (10 times)
1975 Hippocampal seizure and secondary epileptogenesis in the "kindled" cat preparations.
11  amiodarone
(98 times)
Pharmacology
(40 times)
DEA (19 times)
AIPT (8 times)
APD (6 times)
1984 [Antiarrhythmic effect and side effects of amiodarone].
12  acetoxymethyl ester
(90 times)
Physiology
(23 times)
BAPTA (10 times)
P-gp (5 times)
PKC (4 times)
1988 Effect of peritubular [Ca] or ionomycin on hydrosmotic response of CCTs to ADH or cAMP.
13  Astragalus membranaceus
(90 times)
Complementary Therapies
(37 times)
APS (7 times)
AS (5 times)
SOD (5 times)
1989 [Effect of Astragalus membranaceus on electrical activities of coxsackie B-2 virus-infected rat myocardial cells in culture].
14  acetoxymethyl
(70 times)
Physiology
(14 times)
ER (4 times)
Ca (3 times)
BAPTA (2 times)
1991 Toxicity to isolated hepatocytes caused by the intracellular calcium indicator, Quin 2.
15  aseptic meningitis
(68 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
CSF (35 times)
BM (15 times)
MS (7 times)
1980 Active and total T cells in blood and cerebrospinal fluid during the course of aseptic meningitis.
16  amphetamine
(67 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(19 times)
MA (34 times)
MDA (17 times)
MDMA (13 times)
1980 Effects of psychotropic drugs on FI responding and adjunctive drinking in rats.
17  antimicrobial
(52 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(16 times)
AMR (7 times)
AMU (4 times)
FN (2 times)
1989 [Use of aminopenicillins: first cause of error in the prescription of antimicrobial agents at a hospital].
18  arithmetic mean
(51 times)
Environmental Health
(27 times)
GM (27 times)
GSD (4 times)
SD (4 times)
1977 Organochlorine insecticide residues in field soils of the Kitakyushu district--Japan 1970-74.
19  amylose
(46 times)
Carbohydrates
(10 times)
AP (16 times)
DP (4 times)
SEM (4 times)
1976 Polymorphism of blood serum amylase and leptospirosis of pigs of large white polish breed.
20  adhesion molecules
(44 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
CNS (7 times)
CSF (6 times)
MS (6 times)
1993 Semen samples with teratozoospermia show a lower percentage of spermatozoa with detectable adhesion molecules (AM).
21  apparent motion
(44 times)
Ophthalmology
(17 times)
ISI (3 times)
ISIs (2 times)
MEG (2 times)
1981 Intensity, spatial frequency, and temporal frequency determinants of apparent motion: Korte revisited.
22  acute mastoiditis
(40 times)
Otolaryngology
(23 times)
AOM (12 times)
CT (4 times)
CI (3 times)
1998 Acute mastoidectomy in a Danish county from 1977 to 1996 with focus on the bacteriology.
23  ampicillin
(39 times)
Microbiology
(12 times)
GM (9 times)
TE (9 times)
Cm (8 times)
1971 Characteristics of antimicrobial resistance of Escherichia coli from animals: relationship to veterinary and management uses of antimicrobial agents.
24  acral melanoma
(38 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
OS (5 times)
MM (4 times)
CM (3 times)
1982 Acral lentiginous melanoma. A clinicopathologic entity.
25  antemortem
(38 times)
Jurisprudence
(24 times)
PM (31 times)
CT (5 times)
DVI (5 times)
1995 Odontological identification of fire victims--potentialities and limitations.
26  adriamycin
(34 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
DM (7 times)
5-FU (2 times)
ADCC (2 times)
1975 Adriamycin-induced chromosome aberrations in human fibroblasts.
27  association mapping
(34 times)
Genetics
(13 times)
LD (12 times)
QTL (11 times)
MLM (9 times)
2008 Association mapping of yellow pigment in an elite collection of durum wheat cultivars and breeding lines.
28  activity monitor
(32 times)
Rehabilitation
(7 times)
PD (4 times)
CP (2 times)
OA (2 times)
1998 Ambulatory accelerometry to quantify motor behaviour in patients after failed back surgery: a validation study.
29  ameloblastoma
(29 times)
Dentistry
(16 times)
KCOT (6 times)
DC (5 times)
OKC (5 times)
2007 Desmoplastic ameloblastoma in the maxilla: a case report and review of literature.
30  anthroposophic medicine
(29 times)
Complementary Therapies
(18 times)
CAM (4 times)
CON (3 times)
PGMT (3 times)
2004 Anthroposophic therapies in chronic disease: the Anthroposophic Medicine Outcomes Study (AMOS).
31  air mass
(28 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
DSSCs (4 times)
PCE (4 times)
EIS (2 times)
2005 Charge separation and efficient light energy conversion in sensitized mesoscopic solar cells based on binary ionic liquids.
32  angular momentum
(28 times)
Biophysics
(13 times)
OAM (2 times)
SPP (2 times)
VP (2 times)
2005 Exit routes from the transition state: Angular momentum constraints on the formation of products.
33  acute myocarditis
(25 times)
Cardiology
(20 times)
CMR (8 times)
LGE (5 times)
LV (5 times)
1999 Stress signal to survival and apoptosis.
34  atypical myopathy
(25 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(20 times)
HGA (4 times)
MCPA (4 times)
MADD (3 times)
2007 Concurrent atypical myopathy and equine dysautonomia in two horses.
35  actomyosin
(24 times)
Physiology
(10 times)
SR (3 times)
ATP (2 times)
BDM (2 times)
1975 [Physico-chemical and enzymatic properties of contractile protein of rat liver mitochondria].
36  adductor magnus
(24 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
EMG (5 times)
SL (5 times)
AL (4 times)
1985 Effects of (+)-propranolol on intracellular mechanisms of contraction in striated muscle of the rabbit.
37  amlodipine
(23 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
AT (3 times)
AZ (3 times)
BP (3 times)
1993 Comparative evaluation of the antihypertensive efficacy of once-daily amlodipine versus nitrendipine with 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring in essential hypertension.
38  ablative margin
(22 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
HCC (14 times)
RFA (12 times)
LTP (9 times)
2009 Radiofrequency ablation of the liver: determination of ablative margin at MR imaging with impaired clearance of ferucarbotran--feasibility study.
39  aseptic meningoencephalitis
(22 times)
Neurology
(13 times)
CSF (17 times)
MS (17 times)
MNC (6 times)
1977 Meningoencephalitis due to Acanthamoeba SP. Pathogenesis and clinico-pathological study.
40  age-matched
(21 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(7 times)
SLI (8 times)
LM (6 times)
SS (3 times)
1985 Mucin depletion in the intestine of malnourished rats.
41  alternative medicine
(21 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
CI (3 times)
CCT (2 times)
HR (2 times)
1987 Toward a comprehensive evaluation of alternative medicine.
42  artemether
(21 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
AE (7 times)
AL (5 times)
DHA (5 times)
1994 Fatal neurotoxicity of arteether and artemether.
43  active metabolite
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
LD (3 times)
ACS (2 times)
ADP (2 times)
2007 The greater in vivo antiplatelet effects of prasugrel as compared to clopidogrel reflect more efficient generation of its active metabolite with similar antiplatelet activity to that of clopidogrel's active metabolite.
44  adenomyosis
(20 times)
Gynecology
(6 times)
VAS (3 times)
EEC (2 times)
EM (2 times)
2005 [Combination of uterine adenomyosis with leiomyoma].
45  amplitude
(19 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
FM (4 times)
EEG (2 times)
LM (2 times)
1986 Practical aspects of ghosting in resistive nuclear magnetic resonance imaging systems.
46  amygdaloid
(19 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
AD (3 times)
ir-TRH (3 times)
TRH (3 times)
1976 A study of psychomotor epilepsy with "kindled" cat preparations.
47  arabinomannan
(18 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
LAM (6 times)
TB (6 times)
Abs (2 times)
1981 Demonstration of antibodies reacting with different determinants on Mycobacterium leprae antigen 7.
48  adrenal metastases
(17 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
HCC (4 times)
LA (3 times)
RFA (3 times)
2004 [Metastases from renal tumor to adrenals].
49  amaranth
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
AR (2 times)
BCG (2 times)
BSP (2 times)
1979 Effect of sodium taurocholate on hepatic uptake and biliary excretion of organic anions in rats.
50  amoxicillin
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
MZ (4 times)
CH (3 times)
CO (2 times)
1999 A multicenter study on eradication of Helicobacter pylori infection in patients with duodenal ulcer by lansoprazole-antibiotics combined therapy.
51  anteromedial nucleus
(17 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
AV (6 times)
HRP (5 times)
EW (4 times)
1976 Convergent thalamic and mesencephalic projections to the anterior medial cortex in the rat.
52  adaptive management
(16 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
BNs (1 time)
CBA (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1995 Is active management always necessary?
53  allyl mercaptan
(16 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
DADS (8 times)
AMS (6 times)
DAS (4 times)
1994 Enhancing effects of organosulfur compounds from garlic and onions on hepatocarcinogenesis in rats: association with increased cell proliferation and elevated ornithine decarboxylase activity.
54  antimalarial
(16 times)
Rheumatology
(12 times)
SLE (10 times)
AMIC (2 times)
BNP (2 times)
2000 Effect of antimalarial agents on the fasting lipid profile in systemic lupus erythematosus.
55  avoidable mortality
(16 times)
Public Health
(8 times)
IMC (2 times)
ABS (1 time)
ASDRs (1 time)
1996 [Geographic distribution of avoidable mortality in the community of Valencia (1975-1990)].
56  atypical meningioma
(15 times)
Neurosurgery
(7 times)
OS (7 times)
PFS (7 times)
GTR (6 times)
2005 Atypical molecular background of glioblastoma and meningioma developed in a patient with Li-Fraumeni syndrome.
57  aminophylline
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
RF (3 times)
MP (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
1975 The effect of methyl paraben on tracheal smooth muscle in vitro.
58  abdominal myomectomy
(13 times)
Gynecology
(9 times)
LM (9 times)
RALM (3 times)
EBL (2 times)
2004 A retrospective multicentre study comparing myomectomy by laparoscopy and laparotomy in current surgical practice. What are the best patient selection criteria?
59  Aegle marmelos
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
AGEs (1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
AST (1 time)
2000 Dominant lethal test in rats treated with some plant extracts.
60  alpha-amylase
(13 times)
Carbohydrates
(2 times)
AMG (4 times)
CGTase (3 times)
AG (2 times)
1989 [Histopathological and immunohistochemical studies on mucous cysts].
61  amalgam
(13 times)
Dentistry
(10 times)
GI (4 times)
RC (3 times)
CR (2 times)
1991 Column-like structures of human dentin in carious and artificial lesions.
62  appendiceal mucocele
(13 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
CI (1 time)
CT (1 time)
IME (1 time)
1994 [Appendiceal mucoceles. Pathophysiology and therapeutic indications].
63  associative memory
(13 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
IM (2 times)
WM (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1992 [Attention and associative memory in patients with sequelae of ischemic stroke].
64  atypical mycobacteriosis
(13 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(6 times)
MAC (2 times)
PPD (2 times)
AFBC (1 time)
1970 [Epidemiology of atypical mycobacteria (A.M.) in the pneumoconiotic miners of Bassin du Nord and Pas-de-Calais].
65  alpha-macroglobulins
(12 times)
Parasitology
(4 times)
MFP (2 times)
Ccr (1 time)
delta Hc (1 time)
1984 Effect of methylamine and plasmin on the conformation of human alpha 2-macroglobulin as revealed by differential scanning calorimetric analysis.
66  AM-Gly
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
AM-m (4 times)
AM-T (3 times)
ANP (2 times)
1998 The intermediate form of glycine-extended adrenomedullin is the major circulating molecular form in human plasma.
67  amide
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
AA (7 times)
AC (3 times)
AL (1 time)
1983 Acenocoumarol and its amino and acetamido metabolites. Comparative pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics in the rat.
68  anorectal manometry
(12 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
EAS (2 times)
HD (2 times)
IAS (2 times)
1999 [Our concept of defecography. Methods and reproducibility of results].
69  airway macrophages
(11 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
PM (4 times)
IL-1beta (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
2002 Involvement of microbial components and toll-like receptors 2 and 4 in cytokine responses to air pollution particles.
70  alpine meadow
(11 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
AS (6 times)
CF (4 times)
EBF (4 times)
2013 Temperature sensitivity of soil organic carbon mineralization along an elevation gradient in the Wuyi Mountains, China.
71  alternating minimization
(11 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
FBP (4 times)
CT (2 times)
TV (2 times)
1998 Total variation blind deconvolution.
72  ambulatory monitoring
(11 times)
Urology
(6 times)
AH (1 time)
ARS (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1980 Arrhythmias detected by ambulatory monitoring. Lack of correlation with symptoms of dizziness and syncope.
73  amenorrheic
(11 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
EU (4 times)
OL (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
1981 Female runners and secondary amenorrhea: correlation with age, parity, mileage, and plasma hormonal and sex-hormone-binding globulin concentrations.
74  aminopyrine
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
PB (4 times)
AN (3 times)
MAA (3 times)
1975 [Combined use of bucolome and pyrazolone derivatives (1). Pharmacological activities and blood concentration].
75  Anorectal melanoma
(11 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CM (2 times)
MITF (2 times)
WLE (2 times)
2004 BRAF mutations distinguish anorectal from cutaneous melanoma at the molecular level.
76  arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
ECM (2 times)
AL (1 time)
DB (1 time)
2005 Role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in phytoremediation of soil rhizosphere spiked with poly aromatic hydrocarbons.
77  acute malnutrition
(10 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CMAM (3 times)
BCC (2 times)
CM (2 times)
2013 Sustainability and scaling-up analysis of community-based management of acute malnutrition: lessons learned from Burkina Faso.
78  adolescent medicine
(10 times)
Pediatrics
(8 times)
AP (1 time)
BP/CD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1981 Supervision of pediatric trainees in biosocial pediatrics. A survey of graduate programs.
79  amantadine
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
Am-TPB (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1987 [Stimulation of the central dopaminergic receptor in essential hypertensive patients using amantadine].
80  amelanotic melanoma
(10 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
MM (2 times)
AHBML (1 time)
AHM (1 time)
2004 Amelanotic/hypomelanotic melanoma: clinical and dermoscopic features.
81  amikacin
(10 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
DST (3 times)
EMB (3 times)
OFX (3 times)
1989 Potentiated nephrotoxicity of cisplatin when combined with amikacin comparing young and adult rats.
82  amlodipine besylate
(10 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
AT (4 times)
MCR (3 times)
HCTZ (2 times)
2008 Simultaneous determination of metoprolol succinate and amlodipine besylate in human plasma by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method and its application in bioequivalence study.
83  amnion
(10 times)
Embryology
(2 times)
MSCs (3 times)
BM (2 times)
CD (2 times)
1997 Amniotic membranes as prosthetic material: experimental utilization data of a rat model.
84  animal model
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
ADG (1 time)
ALC (1 time)
AM-IGE (1 time)
1981 Animal models for alcohol research.
85  abdominal migraine
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
CVS (1 time)
FAP (1 time)
FAPDs (1 time)
2005 Efficacy of flunarizine in the prophylaxis of cyclical vomiting syndrome and abdominal migraine.
86  Amazonas
(9 times)
Parasitology
(5 times)
ACL (1 time)
BI1 (1 time)
BT (1 time)
2012 Serological evidence of hantavirus infection in rural and urban regions in the state of Amazonas, Brazil.
87  amitriptyline
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AO (2 times)
FL (2 times)
PL (2 times)
1993 [Effectiveness and tolerance of amitriptyline oxide in chronic tension headache--a multicenter double-blind study versus amitriptyline versus placebo].
88  antimuscarinic
(9 times)
Urology
(4 times)
OAB (2 times)
AB (1 time)
AB/AM (1 time)
2013 Imidafenacin for the treatment of overactive bladder.
89  artificial mussel
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
DPPC (2 times)
AAFO (1 time)
AMs (1 time)
2007 An 'artificial mussel' for monitoring heavy metals in marine environments.
90  asymmetric membrane
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
AMC (3 times)
AMMC (1 time)
BHT (1 time)
2005 Use of the antioxidant BHT in asymmetric membrane tablet coatings to stabilize the core to the acid catalyzed peroxide oxidation of a thioether drug.
91  autonomous motivation
(9 times)
Education
(6 times)
CM (5 times)
SDT (3 times)
CE (2 times)
2011 Direct and mediated effects of two theoretically based interventions to increase consumption of fruits and vegetables in the Healthy Body Healthy Spirit trial.
92  azinphos-methyl
(9 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
OP (2 times)
PM (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
1986 The use of biological monitoring in the estimation of exposure during the application of pesticides.
93  acrylamide monomer
(8 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
DMDAAC (2 times)
RBF (2 times)
BW (1 time)
1999 Effects of lactational administration of acrylamide on rat dams and offspring.
94  active moiety
(8 times)
Psychopharmacology
(4 times)
RIS (5 times)
TDM (2 times)
9-OH-RIS (1 time)
2015 Venlafaxine and O-desmethylvenlafaxine concentrations in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid.
95  admixture mapping
(8 times)
Genetics, Medical
(4 times)
AIMs (3 times)
LD (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2003 Skin pigmentation, biogeographical ancestry and admixture mapping.
96  akinetic mutism
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
LIS (2 times)
TBI (2 times)
BA (1 time)
1986 Akinetic mutism and locked-in syndrome: the functional-anatomical basis for their differentiation.
97  Amiloride
(8 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
APA (1 time)
APD (1 time)
1990 Differential antagonism by amiloride and pirenzepine of the muscarinic receptors of rat tracheal smooth muscle.
98  acrosomal matrix
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
ZP (3 times)
PAB (1 time)
sp56 (1 time)
1985 pH and protease control of acrosomal content stasis and release during the guinea pig sperm acrosome reaction.
99  alfalfa meal
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
FM (2 times)
aa (1 time)
AKP (1 time)
1985 Dietary effects on content of hepatic lipid, plasma minerals, and tissue ascorbic acid in hens and estrogenized chicks.
100  AM-m
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AM-T (1 time)
HD (1 time)
IVC (1 time)
2001 The active molecular form of plasma adrenomedullin is extracted in the pulmonary circulation in patients with mitral stenosis: possible role of adrenomedullin in pulmonary hypertension.