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Abbreviation: AN
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Long forms: 533

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
anorexia nervosa
(3718 times)
Psychiatry
(933 times)
BN (745 times)
BMI (337 times)
ED (240 times)
1975 [Sialadenosis as secondary organ manifestation of anorexia nervosa (author's transl)].
acanthosis nigricans
(219 times)
Dermatology
(55 times)
BMI (38 times)
IR (30 times)
PCOS (18 times)
1971 Acanthosis nigricans.
acrylonitrile
(180 times)
Toxicology
(45 times)
PAN (14 times)
SEM (12 times)
AA (9 times)
1978 Health effects of acrylonitrile in acrylic fibre factories.
auditory nerve
(176 times)
Audiology
(63 times)
CF (19 times)
AVCN (13 times)
CN (12 times)
1985 A new interpretation of the generators of BAEP waves I-V: results of a spatio-temporal dipole model.
acoustic neuroma
(143 times)
Otolaryngology
(81 times)
ABR (16 times)
IAC (14 times)
MRI (12 times)
1982 Correlation between auditory brainstem response (ABR) and speech discrimination scores in patients with acoustic neurinoma and in patients with cochlear hearing loss.
Alaska Native
(113 times)
Medicine
(26 times)
AI (23 times)
CRC (7 times)
CI (6 times)
1993 The effect of racial misclassification on estimates of end-stage renal disease among American Indians and Alaska Natives in the Pacific Northwest, 1988 through 1990.
auditory neuropathy
(113 times)
Otolaryngology
(45 times)
ABR (20 times)
SNHL (13 times)
CM (8 times)
2000 Cochlear implantation of auditory neuropathy.
ammonium nitrate
(98 times)
Environmental Health
(55 times)
AS (9 times)
COD (7 times)
TP (7 times)
1990 Forests losing large quantities of nitrogen have elevated 15N:14N ratios.
autonomic neuropathy
(98 times)
Endocrinology
(22 times)
BP (12 times)
NIDDM (7 times)
PN (7 times)
1980 The effect of dietary fiber on glucose and hormone responses to a mixed meal in normal subjects and in diabetic subjects with and without autonomic neuropathy.
10  acetonitrile
(87 times)
Chemistry
(43 times)
DMSO (14 times)
MeOH (12 times)
DMF (6 times)
1980 High-performance liquid chromatographic analysis of the mycotoxin penicillic acid and its application to biological fluids.
11  aniline
(68 times)
Environmental Health
(25 times)
NB (25 times)
DMA (6 times)
SA (5 times)
1979 Reactions of nitrosobenzene with reduced glutathione.
12  arcuate nucleus
(67 times)
Brain
(18 times)
ME (18 times)
DA (13 times)
MSG (12 times)
1975 Catecholamine-modulated field potentials in the hypothalamus.
13  advanced neoplasia
(58 times)
Gastroenterology
(29 times)
CRC (36 times)
FIT (23 times)
AA (7 times)
2010 Risk factors for neoplasia in inflammatory bowel disease patients with pancolitis.
14  anorexia
(51 times)
Psychiatry
(21 times)
BN (32 times)
ED (10 times)
BMI (4 times)
1996 The relationship between eating disorders and running in women.
15  areca nut
(41 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
BQ (18 times)
OSF (9 times)
ROS (9 times)
1998 Areca nut extract inhibits the growth, attachment, and matrix protein synthesis of cultured human gingival fibroblasts.
16  available nitrogen
(39 times)
Environmental Health
(26 times)
AP (25 times)
TN (21 times)
TP (14 times)
2003 [Spatial variability of soil nutrients in cultivated surface soil of Sujiatun District, Shenyang City].
17  Adriamycin nephropathy
(38 times)
Nephrology
(25 times)
ADR (6 times)
FSGS (6 times)
DCs (4 times)
1993 Effect of timing of antihypertensive therapy on glomerular injury: comparison between captopril and diltiazem.
18  adenine nucleotide
(33 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
ATP (4 times)
PCr (4 times)
ADP (3 times)
1980 [Mechanisms of disruption of mitochondrial transport of adenine nucleotides in the course of acute hepatic ischemia].
19  anthracene
(26 times)
Chemistry
(13 times)
PAHs (4 times)
Py (4 times)
BaP (3 times)
1983 High mutagenic potency of several polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons induced by liver postmitochondrial fractions from control and xenobiotic-treated immature carp.
20  artificial nutrition
(26 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(7 times)
PN (8 times)
EN (6 times)
AH (3 times)
1990 [The use of artificial feeding during the resuscitation of heart surgery patients].
21  alae nasi
(25 times)
Physiology
(21 times)
EMG (15 times)
GG (10 times)
PCA (8 times)
1980 Activation of upper airway muscles before onset of inspiration in normal humans.
22  anticipatory nausea
(24 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(6 times)
FAAH (4 times)
AEA (3 times)
AV (3 times)
1982 Prevalence of anticipatory nausea and emesis in cancer chemotherapy patients.
23  acceptor number
(22 times)
Chemistry
(16 times)
DN (5 times)
LSER (5 times)
KBM (3 times)
2002 Influence of hydrogen bonding in the activation of nucleophiles: PhSH-(catalytic) KF in N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone as an efficient protocol for selective cleavage of alkyl/aryl esters and aryl alkyl ethers under nonhydrolytic and neutral conditions.
24  auditory network
(21 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
DMN (16 times)
SMN (13 times)
VN (10 times)
2010 Adolescent resting state networks and their associations with schizotypal trait expression.
25  analgesic nephropathy
(20 times)
Nephrology
(16 times)
ESRD (3 times)
BMD (2 times)
CT (2 times)
1981 Renal pelvic neoplasms and atypical urothelium in patients with end-stage analgesic nephropathy.
26  amikacin
(19 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
CIP (8 times)
CAZ (7 times)
GM (4 times)
1990 Antibiotic combination effect on the clinical isolates of Aeromonas hydrophila.
27  aneurysm
(19 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
AD (4 times)
CD (3 times)
TEE (3 times)
1983 Intracranial arteriovenous malformations and aneurysms in childhood and adolescence.
28  aortic nerve
(19 times)
Physiology
(16 times)
CSN (7 times)
NTS (5 times)
HT (2 times)
1976 Temporal relationships of barosensory attenuation in conscious rabbits.
29  androstenedione
(18 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
DHEA (6 times)
DHT (5 times)
TS (4 times)
1983 Effects of aminoglutethimide on adrenal steroid secretion.
30  aneuploid
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
ND (7 times)
HCC (4 times)
FCM (3 times)
1985 DNA content in carcinoma of the rectum and rectosigmoid.
31  area of necrosis
(18 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
AR (12 times)
LV (3 times)
I/R (2 times)
1983 Effect of fluocarbon exchange transfusion on myocardial infarction size in dogs.
32  ANGUSTIFOLIA
(17 times)
Botany
(6 times)
an-1 (2 times)
CtBPs (2 times)
MTs (2 times)
2002 The ANGUSTIFOLIA gene of Arabidopsis, a plant CtBP gene, regulates leaf-cell expansion, the arrangement of cortical microtubules in leaf cells and expression of a gene involved in cell-wall formation.
33  atypical nevi
(16 times)
Dermatology
(11 times)
BN (3 times)
MM (2 times)
MSLs (2 times)
1995 Family study of atypical nevi with investigation of heparin sulfate proteoglycan.
34  axillary nerve
(15 times)
General Surgery
(7 times)
abAN (1 time)
ANB (1 time)
BPIs (1 time)
2010 Surgical anatomy of the axillary nerve and its implication in the transdeltoid approaches to the shoulder.
35  accessory nuclei
(13 times)
Cell Biology
(5 times)
Ec (1 time)
MN (1 time)
MTOCs (1 time)
1985 [Accessory nuclei of the primary erythroid cells of chick embryos: the kinetics of their formation and the relationship to the synthesis of extra DNA].
36  Angus
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(11 times)
CH (4 times)
BN (3 times)
RFI (3 times)
1989 Effects of breed and wintering diet on growth, puberty and plasma concentrations of growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor 1 in heifers.
37  anterior thalamic nucleus
(12 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
DBS (6 times)
MD (2 times)
MTT (2 times)
1986 Anterior thalamic mediation of generalized pentylenetetrazol seizures.
38  artemisinin
(12 times)
Botany
(3 times)
AA (2 times)
ACTs (2 times)
ADS (2 times)
2010 Effect of sugars on artemisinin production in Artemisia annua L.: transcription and metabolite measurements.
39  affective network
(11 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
DMN (8 times)
CCN (7 times)
FC (4 times)
2012 Ketamine decreases resting state functional network connectivity in healthy subjects: implications for antidepressant drug action.
40  anterior nucleus
(11 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
DBS (4 times)
DM (4 times)
CM (2 times)
1987 The lateral line mechanoreceptive mesencephalic, diencephalic, and telencephalic regions in the thornback ray, Platyrhinoidis triseriata (Elasmobranchii).
41  Austronesian
(11 times)
Genetics, Medical
(5 times)
NAN (5 times)
mtDNA (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
1994 Altitude, language, and class I HLA allele frequencies in Papua New Guinea.
42  avascular necrosis
(11 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
SLE (3 times)
AEs (1 time)
AI (1 time)
1974 A vascular necrosis of the femoral head in childhood systemic lupus erythematosus.
43  adiponectin
(10 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
BMI (2 times)
hs-CRP (2 times)
LP (2 times)
2005 High adiponectin and TNF-alpha levels in moderate drinkers suffering from liver steatosis: comparison with non drinkers suffering from similar hepatopathy.
44  adriamycin-induced nephropathy
(10 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
Ang II (1 time)
FA (1 time)
FP (1 time)
2003 [Renal protective effect of angiotensin II receptor antagonist on growth hormone-treated nephrotic rats].
45  adult neurogenesis
(10 times)
Neurosciences
(3 times)
DG (2 times)
NSCs (2 times)
NSP (2 times)
2006 Neural stem cell proliferation is decreased in schizophrenia, but not in depression.
46  amino nitrogen
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
VBN (2 times)
Am-N (1 time)
BD (1 time)
1989 Effect of vitamin A deficiency on nitrogen balance and hepatic urea cycle enzymes and intermediates in rats.
47  aminonucleoside
(10 times)
Nephrology
(6 times)
FGS (3 times)
PI (2 times)
PS (2 times)
1981 Immunoenzymatic study of the protein pathway through the glomerular barrier in rat glomerulonephritides.
48  amyl nitrite
(10 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
PEP (4 times)
CAD (2 times)
ET (2 times)
1978 Effect of amyl nitrite inhalation on the abnormal T loop of vectorcardiogram.
49  Acacia nilotica
(9 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AM (2 times)
BW (2 times)
AG (1 time)
2007 Antidiarrhoeal activity of Acacia nilotica Willd. bark methanol extract.
50  antennal nerve
(9 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
AL (2 times)
ALs (2 times)
CPS (2 times)
1992 Antennular projections to the midbrain of the spiny lobster. I. Sensory innervation of the lateral and medial antennular neuropils.
51  antineuraminidase
(9 times)
Virology
(6 times)
ACU (4 times)
AH (4 times)
NA (2 times)
1971 Neuraminidase and resistance to vaccination with live influenza A2 Hong Kong vaccines.
52  accessory navicular
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
--- 2003 The relationship between accessory navicular and medial longitudinal arch: evaluation with a plantar pressure distribution measurement system.
53  alkaline nuclease
(8 times)
Virology
(6 times)
AcMNPV (4 times)
HSV-1 (3 times)
CAT (1 time)
1997 The product of the UL12.5 gene of herpes simplex virus type 1 is a capsid-associated nuclease.
54  Andrographolide
(8 times)
Social Sciences
(2 times)
APE (2 times)
AN-SPC (1 time)
ANA (1 time)
2013 Enhancement of absorption and hepatoprotective potential through soya-phosphatidylcholine-andrographolide vesicular system.
55  advanced colorectal neoplasia
(7 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
CI (4 times)
CRC (3 times)
ADR (1 time)
2016 Increased Risk of Advanced Colorectal Neoplasia Among Korean Men With Metabolic Abnormality and Obesity.
56  aniridia
(7 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
Sey (2 times)
ADA (1 time)
DNS (1 time)
1991 Mouse small eye results from mutations in a paired-like homeobox-containing gene.
57  aseptic necrosis
(7 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
OA (3 times)
RA (2 times)
AZ (1 time)
1978 Aseptic necrosis of bone in systemic lupus erythematosus. Relationship to corticosteroid therapy.
58  6-amidino-2-naphthol
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AO7 (2 times)
NM (2 times)
PGBA (2 times)
1992 [Stability studies on 6-amidino-2-naphthyl 4-[(4,5-dihydro-1H-imidazol-2-yl)amino]benzoate dimethanesulfonate (FUT-187) in aqueous solution].
59  adjacent normal
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CRC (2 times)
AP-1 (1 time)
Bcl-2 (1 time)
1991 Regional three-dimensional geometry and function of left ventricles with fibrous aneurysms. A cine-computed tomography study.
60  adriamycin nephrosis
(6 times)
Nephrology
(5 times)
ACEI (2 times)
FGS (2 times)
IF (2 times)
1992 Role of glutathione metabolism in the reduction of proteinuria by dimethylthiourea in adriamycin nephrosis.
61  ambiguus nucleus
(6 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
NTS (3 times)
CIM (2 times)
DM (2 times)
1986 Vagal cardioinhibitory area in and around the caudal inferior olivary nucleus of cats. I. Localization and connection.
62  anaerobic
(6 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
AE (4 times)
FA (1 time)
FS (1 time)
2000 Intensity of exercise during road race pro-cycling competition.
63  Andalusian
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
AA (3 times)
AR (3 times)
LA (2 times)
1991 Muscle fibre type composition in untrained and endurance-trained Andalusian and Arab horses.
64  artificial noise
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
BFA (1 time)
BFO (1 time)
DM (1 time)
1993 Assessment of solid state fermentation by a biolectronic artificial nose.
65  Aspergillus niger
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
Pc (3 times)
AF (1 time)
AID (1 time)
2004 Rapid identification of microbial VOCs from tobacco molds using closed-loop stripping and gas chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
66  atopic non-asthmatics
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
AA (6 times)
BAL (2 times)
HDM (2 times)
1992 Enhanced leukotriene synthesis in leukocytes of atopic and asthmatic subjects.
67  allograft nephrectomy
(5 times)
Transplantation
(4 times)
OR (5 times)
CI (2 times)
KT (2 times)
2015 Role of allograft nephrectomy following kidney graft failure: preliminary experience with pre-operative angiographic kidney embolization.
68  anandamide
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
Ara-Gl (1 time)
DIV (1 time)
DMH (1 time)
1995 Microsomal cytochrome P450-mediated liver and brain anandamide metabolism.
69  anasarca
(5 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
AUG-QRS (1 time)
CHF (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
2001 Anasarca-mediated attenuation of the amplitude of electrocardiogram complexes: a description of a heretofore unrecognized phenomenon.
70  Anatoxin-a
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
HMAN (3 times)
LC (2 times)
MS (2 times)
1998 Sensitive determination of anatoxin-a, homoanatoxin-a and their degradation products by liquid chromatography with fluorimetric detection.
71  Animal Naming
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AD (1 time)
AJT (1 time)
COWA (1 time)
1998 The relationship between ethnicity and word fluency.
72  Annexin V
(5 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
PI (4 times)
PS (3 times)
DCF (2 times)
2002 Effect of vinorelbine on the growth of human myeloma cell lines in vitro.
73  anorexia nervosa patients
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
HC (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
BN (1 time)
1999 Sexual abuse in eating disorder subtypes and control women: the role of comorbid substance dependence in bulimia nervosa.
74  anterior
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PL (2 times)
PM (2 times)
AEPs (1 time)
1989 Physiology of lateral line mechanoreceptive regions in the elasmobranch brain.
75  anterior neuroectoderm
(5 times)
Biology
(2 times)
FM (2 times)
EP (1 time)
FP (1 time)
2004 Regulation of Otx2 expression and its functions in mouse epiblast and anterior neuroectoderm.
76  attenuation of neophobia
(5 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
CTA (3 times)
BAT (1 time)
CDZ (1 time)
1980 Post-ingestion interference with brain function prevents attenuation of neophobia in rats.
77  axillary node
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
BC (4 times)
SSM (3 times)
US (2 times)
2001 Usefulness of 99m-Tc-sestamibi scintimammography in suspected breast cancer and in axillary lymph node metastases detection.
78  accessory nerve
(4 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
CPN (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
FDI (1 time)
1981 Treatment of neurogenic torticollis by microvascular lysis of the accessory nerve roots - indication, technique, and first results.
79  active nodule
(4 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
HS (3 times)
HSS (3 times)
WE-HEAL (2 times)
2018 Longitudinal observational study of hidradenitis suppurativa: impact of surgical intervention with adjunctive biologic therapy.
80  adenoidal-nasopharyngeal
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
OSA (2 times)
SDB (1 time)
1998 Adenoid size is related to severity but not the number of episodes of obstructive apnea in children.
81  adenomatoid nodule
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
FN (3 times)
FNA (2 times)
AUS (1 time)
1993 "Cellular adenomatoid nodules" of the thyroid: review of 219 fine-needle aspirates.
82  agger nasi
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
UP (3 times)
CT (2 times)
DCR (1 time)
2006 Relationship between the superior attachment type of uncinate process and presence of agger nasi cell: a computer-assisted anatomic study.
83  alkali-hydrolyzable nitrogen
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AP (3 times)
TN (3 times)
OM (2 times)
2008 [Characteristics of bacterial community in an arable mollisol under long-term phosphorus fertilization].
84  ammonium N
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ASN (2 times)
HUN (2 times)
AAN (1 time)
2001 Nutrient removal from polluted river water by using constructed wetlands.
85  analgesic
(4 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
alpha 1M (1 time)
beta 2m (1 time)
1995 Low molecular weight proteinuria in Chinese herbs nephropathy.
86  anastomosis
(4 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
BIMA (1 time)
Cx (1 time)
FO (1 time)
1993 Bilateral mammary grafting. Clinical, functional and angiographic assessment in 400 consecutive patients.
87  anconeus
(4 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
TB (4 times)
MVC (3 times)
BB (2 times)
1991 Cocontraction of the elbow muscles during combined tasks of pronation-flexion and supination-flexion.
88  anesthesia
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
20G PPV (1 time)
ACEA (1 time)
ASA (1 time)
1990 Serum angiotensin converting enzyme activity and plasma renin activity in experimental models of rats.
89  Anglo-Nubian
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
CC (1 time)
EPG (1 time)
1997 Genetic resistance of three genotypes of goats to experimental infection with Haemonchus contortus.
90  Angus x Nellore
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
SN (3 times)
CN (2 times)
NL (2 times)
2007 Energy requirements and cow/calf efficiency of Nellore and Continental and British Bos taurus x Nellore crosses.
91  anterior negativity
(4 times)
Brain
(2 times)
ERPs (2 times)
ERP (1 time)
LAN (1 time)
2006 Effects of food-related stimuli on visual spatial attention in fasting and nonfasting normal subjects: Behavior and electrophysiology.
92  anterior nucleus of the thalamus
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
DBS (2 times)
AEDs (1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
2006 Changes in motor cortex excitability with stimulation of anterior thalamus in epilepsy.
93  artemisinin-naphthoquine
(4 times)
Tropical Medicine
(4 times)
AL (3 times)
DHP (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2009 A comparative, randomized clinical trial of artemisinin/naphtoquine twice daily one day versus artemether/lumefantrine six doses regimen in children and adults with uncomplicated falciparum malaria in Cote d'Ivoire.
94  assimilation rate
(4 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(3 times)
BL (1 time)
CEF (1 time)
gs (1 time)
2015 Photosynthetic Response of an Alpine Plant, Rhododendron delavayi Franch, to Water Stress and Recovery: The Role of Mesophyll Conductance.
95  atrionodal
(4 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
NH (3 times)
AV (1 time)
AVN (1 time)
1976 Action potential changes under varied [Na+]0 and [Ca2+]0 indicating the existence of two inward currents in cells of the rabbit atrioventricular node.
96  auditory naming
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
VN (2 times)
fTCD (1 time)
PN (1 time)
2003 Visual and auditory naming in patients with left or bilateral temporal lobe epilepsy.
97  autonomic nervous
(4 times)
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
CLD (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
1998 Immunosuppressive effect of vestibulo-cerebellar lesion in rats.
98  abducens nucleus
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
TN (3 times)
OMC (2 times)
SVN (2 times)
1983 Afferent and efferent connections of the medial, inferior and lateral vestibular nuclei in the cat and monkey.
99  abnormal metaphases
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AA (3 times)
AML (1 time)
CG (1 time)
1987 Cytogenetic studies in 32 patients with myelodysplastic syndrome: insights to specific chromosomal abnormalities and prognosis.
100  acid number
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
BN (2 times)
FTIR (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2003 Determination of acid number and base number in lubricants by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy.