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Abbreviation: ANA
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Long forms: 157

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
antinuclear antibodies
(2584 times)
Rheumatology
(593 times)
SLE (547 times)
RF (262 times)
RA (138 times)
1971 Canine systemic lupus erythematosus. Genetic analysis of an established breeding colony.
American Nurses Association
(133 times)
Nursing
(103 times)
AMA (4 times)
AACN (3 times)
NIDSEC (3 times)
1981 Standardized education for nursing.
antinuclear
(117 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(26 times)
AMA (30 times)
SMA (18 times)
AIH (14 times)
1979 Circulating antibodies in malignant melanoma patients.
Alko Non-Alcohol
(31 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(17 times)
AA (27 times)
NP (4 times)
HR (2 times)
1978 Intoxicating effects of three aliphatic alcohols and barbital on two rat strains genetically selected for their ethanol intake.
anandamide
(28 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
2-AG (6 times)
AA (3 times)
REMS (3 times)
1995 Characterization of anandamide- and fluoroanandamide-induced antinociception and cross-tolerance to delta 9-THC after intrathecal administration to mice: blockade of delta 9-THC-induced antinociception.
anastrozole
(24 times)
Neoplasms
(20 times)
TAM (9 times)
AI (6 times)
EXE (4 times)
1998 Ex vivo and in vitro testis and ovary explants: utility for identifying steroid biosynthesis inhibitors and comparison to a Tier I screening battery.
antibodies to nuclear antigens
(23 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
ENA (4 times)
ELISA (3 times)
IgG (3 times)
1973 Host immunoglobulin G and complement deposits in the choroid plexus during spontaneous immune complex disease.
acellular nerve allograft
(16 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
BDNF (3 times)
BMSCs (3 times)
SFI (3 times)
2008 Experimental study of low dose ultrashortwave promoting nerve regeneration after acellular nerve allografts repairing the sciatic nerve gap of rats.
alcohol-avoiding
(15 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(10 times)
AA (4 times)
3-MT (1 time)
5-HT (1 time)
1977 A difference in the effects of ethanol on ion movements in cerebral tissue slices from alcohol preferring and alcohol avoiding rats.
10  anagrelide
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
ET (11 times)
HC (5 times)
HU (5 times)
2005 Anagrelide does not exert a myelodysplastic effect on megakaryopoiesis: a comparative immunohistochemical and morphometric study with hydroxyurea.
11  anakinra
(13 times)
Rheumatology
(6 times)
CAN (8 times)
IL (7 times)
AEs (4 times)
2010 Current evidence for the management of rheumatoid arthritis with biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs: a systematic literature review informing the EULAR recommendations for the management of RA.
12  arabinonucleic acid
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
2'F-ANA (4 times)
bc-ANA (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2000 Structural basis of cleavage by RNase H of hybrids of arabinonucleic acids and RNA.
13  Acoustic Neuroma Association
(9 times)
Otolaryngology
(7 times)
VS (5 times)
QOL (3 times)
AN (2 times)
1989 Acoustic neuroma--the patient's perspective: subjective assessment of symptoms, diagnosis, therapy, and outcome in 541 patients.
14  aortic nerve activity
(9 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
HR (3 times)
AP (2 times)
microG (2 times)
1991 Exogenous prostacyclin does not sensitize arterial baroreceptors.
15  anthranilic acid
(8 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
3-HANA (6 times)
3-HK (3 times)
KYNA (3 times)
1989 Enhancing activity of anthranilic acid on adjuvant arthritis in rats and antibody formation in mice.
16  anacetrapib
(7 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
HDL-C (4 times)
ATV (3 times)
CETP (3 times)
2011 Anacetrapib promotes reverse cholesterol transport and bulk cholesterol excretion in Syrian golden hamsters.
17  anaplastic astrocytomas
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AST (4 times)
GBM (4 times)
AUC (1 time)
1988 Correlation of DNA content and histology in prognosis of astrocytomas.
18  anti-neutrophil antibodies
(7 times)
Respiratory Tract Infections
(1 time)
SLE (2 times)
ACR (1 time)
ANCA (1 time)
1989 Two ELISAs to detect anti-neutrophil cytoplasm antibodies (ANCA) in various vasculitides.
19  antinuclear Abs
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
Ab (2 times)
abeta2GPI (1 time)
Abs (1 time)
1987 Characteristics of antibodies adsorbed on the DNA immunoadsorbent, agarose poly-L-lysine-DNA.
20  autonomic nervous activity
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
AF (1 time)
ANNs (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2007 Relationships between sensory stimuli and autonomic nervous regulation during real and virtual exercises.
21  alcohol-nonaccepting
(6 times)
Psychopharmacology
(3 times)
AA (6 times)
FH (1 time)
FRL (1 time)
1981 The ethanol stimulus in rats with differing ethanol preferences.
22  antinuclear factor
(5 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
AH (1 time)
AST (1 time)
CML (1 time)
1977 Immune reactions in pulmonary fibrosis.
23  Afghan National Army
(4 times)
Military Medicine
(2 times)
AOR (1 time)
CCHF (1 time)
COIN (1 time)
2011 An overview of Afghan National Army critical care capabilities.
24  altritol nucleic acid
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
HNA (3 times)
CeNA (2 times)
2'-OMe (1 time)
2011 Structural and binding study of modified siRNAs with the Argonaute 2 PAZ domain by NMR spectroscopy.
25  anaphylaxis
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
AS (1 time)
CU (1 time)
GR (1 time)
1985 Toxic oxygen products alter calcium homeostasis in an asthma model.
26  anatomic
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
SUP (2 times)
UNI (2 times)
ISS (1 time)
2001 [Muscle efficiency in total shoulder prosthesis implantation: dependence on position of the humeral head and rotator cuff function].
27  Addictions Neuroclinical Assessment
(3 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
AUD (1 time)
2017 Addictions Neuroclinical Assessment: A reverse translational approach.
28  anatoxin-a
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
CYL (1 time)
CYN (1 time)
EDCs (1 time)
2014 Cyanobacterial xenobiotics as evaluated by a Caenorhabditis elegans neurotoxicity screening test.
29  atopic nonasthmatic
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
AA (3 times)
BAL (1 time)
BALF (1 time)
1995 sVCAM-1 levels after segmental antigen challenge correlate with eosinophil influx, IL-4 and IL-5 production, and the late phase response.
30  attribute non-attendance
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
DCEs (2 times)
SC (1 time)
2013 Investigating attribute non-attendance and its consequences in choice experiments with latent class models.
31  Autoantibodies against cell nuclei
(3 times)
Virology
(1 time)
LKM (2 times)
AIH (1 time)
HRA (1 time)
1988 [Detection of tissue antibodies and long-term prognosis in liver diseases--a catamnestic matched-pair study].
32  autoantibody
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
anti-dsDNA (1 time)
MetS (1 time)
PAI-1 (1 time)
1993 Suppression of autoimmune disease in NZB/W F1 mice by treatment with the novel immunomodulator BTS 63155.
33  N-Arachidonoylethanolamine
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
PLT (2 times)
PS (2 times)
Cyt C (1 time)
2008 The anandamide membrane transporter inhibitor, VDM-11, modulates sleep and c-Fos expression in the rat brain.
34  acenaphthene
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
AWRCQLD (2 times)
NAP (2 times)
PAHs (2 times)
2018 Four-dimensional data coupled to alternating weighted residue constraint quadrilinear decomposition model applied to environmental analysis: Determination of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
35  acid non-secretory area
(2 times)
Stomach Neoplasms
(1 time)
GC (2 times)
AA (1 time)
AFI (1 time)
2016 Usefulness of Endoscopic Imaging to Visualize Regional Alterations in Acid Secretion of Noncancerous Gastric Mucosa after Helicobacter pylori Eradication.
36  Adaptive Neuromorphic Architecture
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Adaptive Neuromorphic Architecture (ANA).
37  adjuvant anastrozole
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BCA (1 time)
I/P (1 time)
QALY (1 time)
2007 Cost-utility of adjuvant hormone therapies for breast cancer in post-menopausal women: sequential tamoxifen-exemestane and upfront anastrozole.
38  adrenal nerve activity
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
EA (1 time)
RNA (1 time)
1990 Differential effects of hemorrhage on adrenal and renal nerve activity in anesthetized rats.
39  adrenal sympathetic nerve activity
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
HR (1 time)
i.c.v (1 time)
1988 Effect of ketanserin on adrenal sympathetic nerve activity in rats.
40  Aesthetic Numeric Analogue
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ANA-scale (1 time)
CSDH (1 time)
2012 Aesthetic satisfaction scoring - introducing an aesthetic numeric analogue scale (ANA-scale).
41  Allergic non-asthmatic
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
BAL (2 times)
AA (1 time)
Fgas (1 time)
1995 Pulmonary inflammation after segmental ragweed challenge in allergic asthmatic and nonasthmatic subjects.
42  alpha naphthyl acetate
(2 times)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
ANAE (1 time)
DFP (1 time)
1987 Ultrastructural cytochemical and autoradiographic demonstration of nonspecific esterase(s) in guinea pig basophils.
43  amyloid nucleic acid
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2011 Amyloid-associated nucleic acid hybridisation.
44  anaerobic
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
A/O (1 time)
AE1 (1 time)
AE2 (1 time)
2017 Multicenter Evaluation of the Bruker MALDI Biotyper CA System for the Identification of Clinically Important Bacteria and Yeasts.
45  analcime
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
GP (1 time)
MFI (1 time)
NFMs (1 time)
2013 Multiple zeolite structures from one ionic liquid template.
46  anaplastic
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
DES (1 time)
EN (1 time)
FH (1 time)
1994 P-glycoprotein status of favorable-histology Wilms' tumor predicts treatment outcome.
47  anastomosis
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ALNH (1 time)
BL (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1992 Acute limited normovolemic hemodilution can be safely used in a malnourished model.
48  anthranilic
(2 times)
3-HK (2 times)
KYN (2 times)
MetS (2 times)
2017 Peripheral kynurenine-3-monooxygenase deficiency as a potential risk factor for metabolic syndrome in schizophrenia patients.
49  anti-nephrin antibody
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
IF (1 time)
PAN (1 time)
2003 Cloning of rat homologue of podocin: expression in proteinuric states and in developing glomeruli.
50  anti-NGF-antibody
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
NGF (2 times)
OB (1 time)
SC (1 time)
2010 NGF and NGF-receptor expression of cultured immortalized human corneal endothelial cells.
51  anti-nucleation activity
(2 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
INA (2 times)
2015 Ice nucleation activity in various tissues of Rhododendron flower buds: their relevance to extraorgan freezing.
52  aortic depressor nerve activity
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
RNA (1 time)
TF (1 time)
1993 Contribution of wall mechanics to the dynamic properties of aortic baroreceptors.
53  Aromatic nitro- and amino-compounds
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
GST (1 time)
IEF (1 time)
MHb (1 time)
1988 Diazo-positive metabolites in urine from workers exposed to aromatic nitro-amino compounds.
54  auto-antibodies, including antinuclear
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
AMA (1 time)
CLD (1 time)
CRPN (1 time)
1990 [Systemic lupus erythematosus presenting chronic relapsing polyneuropathy as the first manifestation without auto-antibodies].
55  autoantibodies
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ACA (1 time)
FDR (1 time)
SLE (1 time)
2010 Autoimmune diseases and autoantibodies in the first degree relatives of patients with systemic sclerosis.
56  autoantibodies: nuclear
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
ACA (1 time)
anti-beta2GPI (1 time)
INF (1 time)
1990 Autoantibodies in juvenile dermatomyositis.
57  non-attendance
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
DCE (1 time)
DCEs (1 time)
2016 Lost in the crowd? Using eye-tracking to investigate the effect of complexity on attribute non-attendance in discrete choice experiments.
58  (S)-Anabasine
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2012 Derivatization of chiral carboxylic acids with (S)-anabasine for increasing detectability and enantiomeric separation in LC/ESI-MS/MS.
59  2-amino-1-naphthol-4-sulphonic acid
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
NA (1 time)
1990 Identification of [14C]carmoisine metabolites in bacterial suspension of rat faeces.
60  2-aminonicotinic acid
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AMNP (1 time)
DHB (1 time)
HCCA (1 time)
1998 Basic matrices in the analysis of non-covalent complexes by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry.
61  3,19-acetonylidene andrographolide
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
IAN (1 time)
NAFLD (1 time)
2017 Effect of two andrographolide derivatives on cellular and rodent models of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.
62  5-Amino-2-nitrobenzoic acid
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
TEV (1 time)
2007 A fluorogenic substrate as quantitative in vivo reporter to determine protein expression and folding of tobacco etch virus protease in Escherichia coli.
63  6-aminonicotinamide
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
FOB (1 time)
2003 A functional observational battery for use in canine toxicity studies: development and validation.
64  8-Aniline-1-naphthalene sulfonic acid
(1 time)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(1 time)
--- 1986 [Radioimmunologic system for the quantitative determination of thyroxine in human blood serum].
65  9-anthroic acid
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DDA (1 time)
POPC (1 time)
2018 Link between Membrane Composition and Permeability to Drugs.
66  A. nilagirica methanolic extract
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ANE (1 time)
PARP (1 time)
TdT (1 time)
2016 Bioassay-Guided Fractionation and In Vitro Antiproliferative Effects of Fractions of Artemisia nilagirica on THP-1 cell line.
67  above-normal AVP
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AVP (1 time)
HAR (1 time)
2011 Support for two increased vasopressinergic activities in depression at large and the differential effect of antidepressant treatment.
68  absent, antinuclear
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AMA (1 time)
SLE (1 time)
2002 Autoimmune cholangiopathy associated with systemic lupus erythematosus.
69  acellular nerve
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AAV2 (1 time)
DRG (1 time)
KLF7 (1 time)
2017 KLF7-transfected Schwann cell graft transplantation promotes sciatic nerve regeneration.
70  activity was characterized by the generation of phosphoramidon-inhibitable product
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
NEP (1 time)
PBS (1 time)
1991 HOCl exposure of a human airway epithelial cell line decreases its plasma membrane neutral endopeptidase.
71  acupuncture at non-acupoints
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 1993 [Metrological analysis for efficacy of acupuncture on angina pectoris].
72  Acute normovolaemic anemia
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
2013 Modulation of inflammation during acute normovolemic anemia with different fluid replacement.
73  administration of Nerve Growth Factor antibodies
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2010 Conjunctivally administered NGF antibody reduces pain sensitivity and anxiety-like behavioral responses in aged female mice.
74  aeration-to-nonaeration time ratios
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
AOB (1 time)
IA (1 time)
NOB (1 time)
2005 Effects of aeration cycles on nitrifying bacterial populations and nitrogen removal in intermittently aerated reactors.
75  afferent nerve activity
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
CSP (1 time)
2005 Transfer function analysis of carotid sinus baroreceptor transduction.
76  agonist, anagliptin
(1 time)
Cells
(1 time)
DPP-4 (1 time)
HSCs (1 time)
OA (1 time)
2019 TGR5 Activation Modulates an Inhibitory Effect on Liver Fibrosis Development Mediated by Anagliptin in Diabetic Rats.
77  agonist, anandamide
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
LH (1 time)
2001 The central cannabinoid receptor inactivation suppresses endocrine reproductive functions.
78  aimed to test in primary human ATC cells
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ATC (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
PPAR (1 time)
2012 Variable modulation by cytokines and thiazolidinediones of the prototype Th1 chemokine CXCL10 in anaplastic thyroid cancer.
79  airway neutrophil accumulation
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
BHR (1 time)
IL-8 (1 time)
LTB4 (1 time)
1998 Role of leukotriene B4 in bronchial hyperresponsiveness induced by interleukin-8.
80  alanine-aminopeptidase
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
1977 [Relationship between the activity of alanine aminopeptidase and alkaline phosphatase in the blood of pregnant women].
81  Alcohol Non-Accepting
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1986 Genetic differences in the establishment of ethanol as a reinforcer.
82  alcohol nonpreferring alko nonalcohol
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
s.c (1 time)
2006 Enhanced morphine-induced ethanol drinking in alcohol-preferring alko alcohol rats sensitized to morphine.
83  alkali neutralizing ability
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 1973 [Valence of alkali neutralizing ability (ANA), acral rewarming time and PH of skin as parameters in tinea pedis].
84  allow differentiation of systemic lupus erythematosus
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
--- 1992 [3 cases of polyarthritis treated with recombinant alfa interferon].
85  alloy nanodisk array
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
LSPR (1 time)
2019 Symmetry Breaking-Induced Plasmonic Mode Splitting in Coupled Gold-Silver Alloy Nanodisk Array for Ultrasensitive RGB Colorimetric Biosensing.
86  although antinuclear
(1 time)
Histocytochemistry
(1 time)
CAH (1 time)
HMA (1 time)
IF (1 time)
1983 Antibodies to hepatocyte membrane antigens in chronic liver disease: detection by immunofluorescence after Bouin's fixation.
87  Alzheimer non-active group
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
AD (1 time)
HNA (1 time)
2017 Physical activity limits the effects of age and Alzheimer's disease on postural control.
88  American Association of Anesthesiologists
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
2019 [A retrospective study on risk factors associated with postoperative delirium in elderly patients with spinal operation].
89  anabasine
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DBPs (1 time)
NAB (1 time)
NIC (1 time)
2015 Identification of precursors and mechanisms of tobacco-specific nitrosamine formation in water during chloramination.
90  anaemia, leucopenia, antibodies of antinuclear
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
iPTH (1 time)
2013 Late onset systemic lupus erythematosus with severe hypercalcaemia.
91  anaerobiosis
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CSH (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
RO (1 time)
2012 Genetic and phenotypic evaluation of Candida albicans strains isolated from subgingival biofilm of diabetic patients with chronic periodontitis.
92  Anagliptin
(1 time)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
ALO (1 time)
LDL-C (1 time)
2018 Comparison of effects of anagliptin and alogliptin on serum lipid profile in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.
93  Analgesics
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
NSAID (1 time)
2000 [Clinical findings of sensitivity to analgesics and nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs].
94  anaortic off-pump
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CONV (1 time)
MACCE (1 time)
2017 Anaortic off-pump versus clampless off-pump using the PAS-Port device versus conventional coronary artery bypass grafting: mid-term results from a matched propensity score analysis of 5422 unselected patients.
95  anaortic OPCAB
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
ePOCD (1 time)
OPCAB (1 time)
2019 Reducing delirium and cognitive dysfunction after off-pump coronary bypass: A randomized trial.
96  anaplasmosis
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
NB (1 time)
2017 Evaluation of NF-kappaB concentration in patients with tick-borne encephalitis, neuroborreliosis, anaplasmosis and Anaplasma phagocythophilum with tick-borne encephalitis virus co-infection.
97  anaplastic carcinoma
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
PTC (1 time)
2009 Incidence of thyroid malignancy among goitrous thyroid lesions from the Sarawak General Hospital 2000-2004.
98  anaplerotic
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MEZ (1 time)
Mtb (1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2018 The anaplerotic node is essential for the intracellular survival of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
99  Anatabine
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
PLA (1 time)
PRE (1 time)
PT (1 time)
2013 The effects of anatabine on non-invasive indicators of muscle damage: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study.
100  Anemarrhena asphodeloides
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ACG (1 time)
AGP (1 time)
ANG (1 time)
2010 Evaluation of the phototoxic potential of plants used in oriental medicine.