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Abbreviation: AO
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Long forms: 534

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
acridine orange
(828 times)
Cell Biology
(87 times)
EB (95 times)
PI (46 times)
FCM (26 times)
1963 DYNAMICS OF ACRIDINE ORANGE-CELL INTERACTION. I. INTERRELATIONSHIPS OF ACRIDINE ORANGE PARTICLES AND CYTOPLASMIC REDDENING.
adaptive optics
(397 times)
Ophthalmology
(311 times)
OCT (33 times)
SD-OCT (23 times)
DM (21 times)
1981 Target loop adaptive optics: thermal blooming correction.
aldehyde oxidase
(163 times)
Pharmacology
(52 times)
XO (22 times)
XDH (20 times)
MoCo (12 times)
1973 Evidence for Linkage Disequilibrium Maintained by Selection in Two Natural Populations of DROSOPHILA SUBOBSCURA.
antioxidant
(135 times)
Biochemistry
(30 times)
ROS (16 times)
PL (11 times)
LP (8 times)
1981 On the possible mechanism of cell cycle synchronization.
abdominal obesity
(112 times)
Medicine
(21 times)
WC (32 times)
BMI (17 times)
BP (14 times)
1988 Resting metabolic rate and diet-induced thermogenesis in abdominal and gluteal-femoral obese women before and after weight reduction.
Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Osteosynthesefragen
(86 times)
Orthopedics
(36 times)
CT (6 times)
DASH (6 times)
OTA (5 times)
1982 [Vertical and excentric stress in case of a defect on the fracture gap].
anaplastic oligodendroglioma
(82 times)
Neoplasms
(54 times)
AOA (33 times)
AA (29 times)
OS (22 times)
1992 Adjuvant chemotherapy with carmustine and cisplatin for patients with malignant gliomas.
acousto-optic
(78 times)
Ophthalmology
(58 times)
SAW (6 times)
AOFM (3 times)
AOTFs (3 times)
1975 Broadband acoustooptic deflectors: new results.
action observation
(56 times)
Neurology
(21 times)
MI (27 times)
EEG (5 times)
ERD (5 times)
2006 Encoding a motor memory in the older adult by action observation.
10  alveolar osteitis
(56 times)
Dentistry
(43 times)
CHX (11 times)
PRF (4 times)
SSI (4 times)
1997 The general practitioner's perspective of the etiology, prevention, and treatment of dry socket.
11  Albino Oxford
(48 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(20 times)
DA (41 times)
EAE (20 times)
IL (8 times)
1982 Cellular and genetic basis of the relative resistance to the induction of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) in albino oxford (AO) rats.
12  adult-onset
(46 times)
Endocrinology
(28 times)
CO (27 times)
GHD (17 times)
GH (11 times)
1999 Influences on quality of life in GH deficient adults and their effect on response to treatment.
13  atypical odontalgia
(46 times)
Dentistry
(27 times)
QST (8 times)
BMS (6 times)
TMD (5 times)
1989 Electronic thermography in the diagnosis of atypical odontalgia: a pilot study.
14  antisense oligonucleotide
(45 times)
Molecular Biology
(10 times)
DMD (17 times)
PS (5 times)
AD (3 times)
1996 Protein kinase C-zeta mediates NF-kappa B activation in human immunodeficiency virus-infected monocytes.
15  ascorbate oxidase
(41 times)
Botany
(12 times)
AA (9 times)
DHA (6 times)
APX (3 times)
1972 Phytochrome-mediated induction of ascorbate oxidase in different organs of a dicotyledonous seedling (Sinapis alba L.).
16  atomic orbital
(40 times)
Chemistry
(38 times)
DFT (5 times)
CCSD (4 times)
MO (4 times)
2004 On the importance of electron correlation effects for the pi-pi interactions in cyclophanes.
17  alcohol oxidase
(38 times)
Biochemistry
(18 times)
FAD (4 times)
DHAS (3 times)
RF (2 times)
1980 [Heterogeneity of the methanol-assimilating yeasts Candida boidinii with respect to alcohol oxidase content].
18  airway obstruction
(33 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(13 times)
AHR (6 times)
COPD (5 times)
BAL (4 times)
1985 Familial aggregation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: use of the loglinear model to analyze intermediate environmental and genetic risk factors.
19  age of onset
(31 times)
Genetics, Medical
(12 times)
HD (9 times)
CNV (3 times)
FH (3 times)
1983 Age-of-onset heterogeneity in Huntington disease families.
20  anodic oxidation
(31 times)
Environmental Health
(21 times)
EF (14 times)
BDD (11 times)
PEF (6 times)
2008 Mineralization of the biocide chloroxylenol by electrochemical advanced oxidation processes.
21  airflow obstruction
(28 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(18 times)
COPD (9 times)
BD (3 times)
CI (3 times)
1986 The pattern of breathing in acute severe asthma.
22  adverse outcome
(23 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
AOP (6 times)
MIE (6 times)
KEs (4 times)
1994 Association between diarrheal duration and nutritional decline: implications for an empirically validated definition of persistent diarrhea.
23  aortic occlusion
(23 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
REBOA (13 times)
AC (3 times)
MAP (3 times)
1986 Effect of nitroglycerin on ventricular oxygen extraction during aortic occlusion.
24  Arctic Oscillation
(23 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(6 times)
NAO (8 times)
ENSO (5 times)
PDO (4 times)
2003 The Arctic Oscillation and incidence of acute myocardial infarction.
25  Agent Orange
(22 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
TCDD (5 times)
BCR (2 times)
CLL (2 times)
1985 Evaluation of chromosomal damage in males exposed to agent orange and their families.
26  auramine O
(22 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
CCD (5 times)
RSM (4 times)
DF (3 times)
1979 Laboratory diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis.
27  assessment only
(21 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(9 times)
BA (2 times)
BMI (2 times)
CAI (2 times)
2011 Incapacitated sexual violence involving alcohol among college women: the impact of a brief drinking intervention.
28  atlanto-occipital
(21 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
LS (4 times)
CSF (3 times)
AA (2 times)
1977 Equine cerebrospinal fluid: reference values of normal horses.
29  atomic oxygen
(21 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(12 times)
LEO (9 times)
PI (5 times)
POSS (5 times)
2005 Chemical alteration of poly(tetrafluoroethylene) TFE teflon induced by exposure to electrons and inert-gas ions.
30  auditory-only
(21 times)
Audiology
(9 times)
AV (20 times)
VO (5 times)
SNRs (3 times)
2008 The effect of viewing speech on auditory speech processing is different in the left and right hemispheres.
31  amine oxidase
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
MAO (8 times)
DAPA (2 times)
SSAO (2 times)
1976 Ultrastructural cytochemistry of p-N,N-dimethylamino-beta-phenethylamine (DAPA) oxidation reactions. "activation" and inhibition studies.
32  assertive outreach
(16 times)
Psychiatry
(14 times)
FACT (2 times)
TAU (2 times)
AOT (1 time)
2004 Assertive outreach nurses' experience of engagement.
33  argemone oil
(15 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
DMBA (3 times)
BY (2 times)
GR (2 times)
2005 Correlation of DNA damage in epidemic dropsy patients to carcinogenic potential of argemone oil and isolated sanguinarine alkaloid in mice.
34  acridine orange staining
(14 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
CAT (2 times)
LPO (2 times)
SOD (2 times)
1988 [Induction of DNA strand breaks by laser irradiation in a visible range].
35  aortic output
(14 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
CF (5 times)
CO (4 times)
LVP (4 times)
1993 Hemodynamic and antiischemic effects of nifedipine, lacidipine, and nisoldipine in rat isolated working heart.
36  active oxygen
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
SOD (2 times)
AE (1 time)
AR (1 time)
1985 Role of stimulated neutrophils from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus in tissue injury, with special reference to serum factors and increased active oxygen species generated by neutrophils.
37  arachnoiditis ossificans
(13 times)
Neurosurgery
(7 times)
CT (3 times)
MRI (3 times)
AIS (1 time)
1999 Arachnoiditis ossificans. Diagnosis with helical computed tomography.
38  arterial occlusion
(13 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
VO (5 times)
FBF (2 times)
IHE (2 times)
1986 Pulmonary vascular compliance and viscoelasticity.
39  atherosclerosis obliterans
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
AA (3 times)
TO (2 times)
AOS (1 time)
1989 Serum zinc and copper in patients with atherosclerosis and thromboangiitis obliterans.
40  acute ophthalmoparesis
(12 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
MFS (7 times)
BBE (5 times)
GBS (5 times)
1998 Abducens nerve enhancement in acute ophthalmoparesis.
41  alcohol-only
(12 times)
Psychopharmacology
(4 times)
AmED (6 times)
BAC (2 times)
AOCM (1 time)
2010 The significance of marijuana use among alcohol-using adolescent emergency department patients.
42  alginate oligosaccharides
(12 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
Mf (3 times)
IL (2 times)
KCO (2 times)
2000 Preparation of neoglycoprotein from carp myofibrillar protein and alginate oligosaccharide: improved solubility in low ionic strength medium.
43  aqueous oxygen
(11 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
LV (3 times)
AMI (2 times)
HBO (2 times)
1997 Aqueous oxygen: a highly O2-supersaturated infusate for regional correction of hypoxemia and production of hyperoxemia.
44  argan oil
(11 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
FO (2 times)
OO (2 times)
AA (1 time)
2009 Fish oil and argan oil intake differently modulate insulin resistance and glucose intolerance in a rat model of dietary-induced obesity.
45  Advanced Optics
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
IOL (6 times)
IOLs (4 times)
BCVA (1 time)
2007 Visual and optical performance of the Akreos Adapt Advanced Optics and Tecnis Z9000 intraocular lenses: Swedish multicenter study.
46  aerobic
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
AOB (2 times)
AF (1 time)
AOA (1 time)
2004 Distribution of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria in sewage activated sludge: analysis based on 16S rDNA sequence.
47  age-at-onset
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
HD (3 times)
FAP (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1984 The natural history of Huntington disease: possible role of "aging genes".
48  ammonia oxidation
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
amoA (2 times)
AOB (2 times)
AOA (1 time)
2005 Relevance of ammonium oxidation within biological soil crust communities.
49  anoxic-oxic
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
AOH (1 time)
AS (1 time)
DO (1 time)
2004 Nitrogen control in AO process with recirculation of solubilized excess sludge.
50  anterior oblique
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
LET (3 times)
RBE (3 times)
IMRT (2 times)
1990 Asbestos-related radiographic abnormalities in public school custodians.
51  Asakura-Oosawa
(9 times)
Biophysics
(7 times)
MC (2 times)
TIRM (2 times)
VM (2 times)
2005 Critical phenomena in colloid-polymer mixtures: interfacial tension, order parameter, susceptibility, and coexistence diameter.
52  axillary osmidrosis
(9 times)
Skin Diseases
(2 times)
SNP (3 times)
AH (2 times)
AB (1 time)
2004 Upper thoracic sympathectomy for axillary osmidrosis or bromidrosis.
53  American Orthodontics
(8 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
TP (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
AOS (1 time)
1999 Properties of crimpable archwire hooks: a laboratory investigation.
54  Applied Optics
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
OE (2 times)
COL (1 time)
2014 Feature issue of digital holography and 3D imaging (DH) introduction.
55  Association for Osteosynthesis
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
CT (1 time)
DASH (1 time)
MEP (1 time)
2007 Results of dorsal or volar plate fixation of AO type C3 distal radius fractures: a retrospective study.
56  adolescent-onset
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
CL (4 times)
EOP (3 times)
EO (2 times)
2003 Emotional responses to antisocial acts in adolescent males with conduct disorder: a link to affective morality.
57  Angle Orthodontist
(7 times)
Dentistry
(7 times)
EJO (7 times)
AJODO (6 times)
JO (4 times)
2006 Orthodontic journals with impact factors in perspective: trends in the types of articles and authorship characteristics.
58  apneic oxygenation
(7 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
AVDO2 (1 time)
BEa (1 time)
1986 Constant-flow ventilation in pigs.
59  alternative oxidase
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
AAC (1 time)
ATP (1 time)
CAtr (1 time)
2000 The role of mild uncoupling and non-coupled respiration in the regulation of hydrogen peroxide generation by plant mitochondria.
60  amidoxime
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
AN (4 times)
AA (1 time)
AN/IA (1 time)
2009 Exchanges of uranium(VI) species in amidoxime-functionalized sorbents.
61  ammonium oxalate
(6 times)
Food
(1 time)
BQ (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
1986 Ultracytochemical localization and microprobe quantitation of calcium stores in the insect oocyte.
62  anthroylouabain
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
CPZ (1 time)
FET (1 time)
FRET (1 time)
1977 Anthroylouabain: a specific fluorescent probe for the cardiac glycoside receptor of the Na-K ATPase.
63  Arkhangelskaja Oblast
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
BAC (1 time)
NAO (1 time)
TBE (1 time)
2005 Cancer incidence in Arkhangelskaja Oblast in northwestern Russia. The Arkhangelsk Cancer Registry.
64  abdominal obliques
(5 times)
Perinatology
(2 times)
GMX (4 times)
LE (4 times)
EMG (3 times)
1994 Electromyographic activity of selected trunk and hip muscles during a squat lift. Effect of varying the lumbar posture.
65  acid output
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(5 times)
FFB (2 times)
ZES (2 times)
EGD (1 time)
1983 Age behaviour of gastric acid secretion in males and females with a normal antral and body mucosa.
66  acute osteomyelitis
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
SA (2 times)
AI (1 time)
cFLFLF (1 time)
1993 Acute osteomyelitis and septic arthritis in the neonate, risk factors and outcome.
67  Adjuvant Online
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
QALYs (2 times)
BC (1 time)
BCI (1 time)
2011 Prognostic utility of the breast cancer index and comparison to Adjuvant! Online in a clinical case series of early breast cancer.
68  advanced oxidation
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
AMW (1 time)
CNOM (1 time)
COD (1 time)
2005 Mechanisms of advanced oxidation processing on bentonite consumption reduction in foundry.
69  aesthetic outcome
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
BCT (2 times)
NTCP (2 times)
ALND (1 time)
2016 Change of Patient-Reported Aesthetic Outcome Over Time and Identification of Factors Characterizing Poor Aesthetic Outcome After Breast-Conserving Therapy: Long-Term Results of a Prospective Cohort Study.
70  aluminum oxide
(5 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
AG (1 time)
AGL (1 time)
ALT (1 time)
1999 Effect of two abrasive systems on resin bonding to laboratory-processed indirect resin composite restorations.
71  ammonia oxidizers
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AOA (3 times)
AN (1 time)
AOB (1 time)
2007 Estimation of kinetic parameters of a model for deammonification in biofilms and evaluation of the model.
72  anodic oxide
(5 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
SEM (3 times)
CLSM (1 time)
cpTi (1 time)
2010 Characterization of the surface deposition on anodized-hydrothermally treated commercially pure titanium after immersion in simulated body fluid.
73  appendiceal orifice
(5 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
EFTR (1 time)
FTRD (1 time)
PA-LSLs (1 time)
2012 Anatomic classification of the endoscopic appearance of the normal appendiceal orifice: a novel tool for recognition and documentation of cecal intubation.
74  atlanto-odontoid
(5 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
CT (1 time)
CTs (1 time)
1995 Atlanto-odontoid osteoarthritis. Appearance and prevalence at computed tomography.
75  audio-only
(5 times)
Audiology
(3 times)
AV (3 times)
VO (2 times)
PA (1 time)
2001 Audio-visual perception of sinewave speech in an adult cochlear implant user: a case study.
76  author
(5 times)
Health Services Research
(4 times)
CI (4 times)
RD (4 times)
RR (4 times)
2005 Ibuprofen for the treatment of patent ductus arteriosus in preterm and/or low birth weight infants.
77  automated office
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
BP (5 times)
2010 Can sphygmomanometers designed for self-measurement of blood pressure in the home be used in office practice?
78  abolishing operation
(4 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
EO (3 times)
EOs (1 time)
MOs (1 time)
2011 Influence of motivating operations and discriminative stimuli on challenging behavior maintained by positive reinforcement.
79  acid orange
(4 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
APTE (1 time)
FLUO (1 time)
MB (1 time)
2010 Oxidative decolorization of acid azo dyes by a Mn oxide containing waste.
80  acridone
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
AI (4 times)
CBZ (4 times)
IM (2 times)
2005 Liquid chromatography-electrospray mass spectrometry determination of carbamazepine, oxcarbazepine and eight of their metabolites in human plasma.
81  acroosteolysis
(4 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
SSc (3 times)
DU (1 time)
ILD (1 time)
2008 Vitamin D, parathyroid hormone, and acroosteolysis in systemic sclerosis.
82  advice only
(4 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
CAD (1 time)
FA (1 time)
1992 Patient characteristics and the effect of three physician-delivered smoking interventions.
83  alcoholic drink odors
(4 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
ApCO (3 times)
fMRI (3 times)
HD (2 times)
2008 Alcohol sensitizes cerebral responses to the odors of alcoholic drinks: an fMRI study.
84  Amaranth Oil
(4 times)
Pharmacognosy
(1 time)
AG (2 times)
AS (1 time)
HMG-CoA (1 time)
2004 Amaranth squalene reduces serum and liver lipid levels in rats fed a cholesterol diet.
85  American Optical
(4 times)
Optometry
(4 times)
IOP (1 time)
MPE (1 time)
NCT (1 time)
1983 Spectral irradiances of and maximal permissible exposures to two indirect ophthalmoscopes.
86  amine oxide
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
HPV (1 time)
QSARs (1 time)
SSD (1 time)
2005 The effects of disinfectant foam on microbial biofilms.
87  amylose-only
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BG (2 times)
HP (2 times)
DAP (1 time)
2014 Starch bioengineering affects cereal grain germination and seedling establishment.
88  antioxidative
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ACE inhibitory (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
PO (1 time)
2008 Mitochondrial concept of leukemogenesis: key role of oxygen-peroxide effects.
89  aortic arch
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
DA (2 times)
AA (1 time)
CPR (1 time)
1989 Simultaneous aortic, jugular bulb, and right atrial pressures during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in humans. Insights into mechanisms.
90  area opaca
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AP (2 times)
AV (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1986 Transient stimulation of glucose metabolism by insulin in the 1-day chick embryo.
91  artery-only
(4 times)
Urology
(4 times)
AV (2 times)
eGFR (1 time)
ERPF (1 time)
2010 Characterization of renal ischemia using DLP hyperspectral imaging: a pilot study comparing artery-only occlusion versus artery and vein occlusion.
92  Aspergillus oryzae
(4 times)
Food Analysis
(1 time)
LT-1 (1 time)
LT-2 (1 time)
SAB (1 time)
1991 Influence of feeding Aspergillus oryzae fermentation extract on the milk yields, eating patterns, and body temperatures of lactating cows.
93  Aspergillus oryzae fermentation extract
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
CGMP (1 time)
ETEC (1 time)
IF (1 time)
1993 Influence of Aspergillus oryzae fermentation extract on forage intake, site of digestion, in situ degradability, and duodenal amino acid flow in steers grazing cool-season pasture.
94  attachment organelle
(4 times)
Bacteriology
(2 times)
SEM (1 time)
TEM (1 time)
WT (1 time)
2006 Fine structure of the organ of attachment of the teleost, Garra gotyla gotyla (Ham).
95  autologous oocyte
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
IVF (2 times)
OD (2 times)
PIH (1 time)
2012 Obstetric outcome in donor oocyte pregnancies: a matched-pair analysis.
96  acid-oxidation
(3 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BMSCs (1 time)
CNTs (1 time)
GNFH (1 time)
2007 Poly(vinylpyrrolidone)-modified graphite carbon nanofibers as promising supports for PtRu catalysts in direct methanol fuel cells.
97  activity of the antioxidant
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
GST (2 times)
FRP (1 time)
GP (1 time)
1999 [Intensity of free radical process and antioxidant enzymes activity in human saliva and plasma under emotional stress].
98  adding-on
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
LIV (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
CSVL (1 time)
2014 The progression of lumbar curves in adolescent Lenke 1 scoliosis and the distal adding-on phenomenon.
99  aggressive osteoblastoma
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CK (1 time)
CO (1 time)
OB (1 time)
2013 Aggressive osteoblastoma involving the craniovertebral junction: A case report and review of literature.
100  air-filled organs
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
ChIN (1 time)
2001 Which came first, the lung or the breath?