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Abbreviation: AP
Appearance Frequency: 24160 time(s)
Long forms: 1897

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
anteroposterior
(3667 times)
Orthopedics
(897 times)
ML (598 times)
SI (303 times)
CT (232 times)
1975 Roentgenographic examination of the metacarpophalangeal joint.
acute pancreatitis
(2594 times)
Gastroenterology
(1071 times)
SAP (193 times)
CP (99 times)
CRP (97 times)
1977 Acute pancreatitis: analysis of factors influencing survival.
action potential
(2501 times)
Physiology
(620 times)
APD (175 times)
SP (101 times)
SR (98 times)
1958 The stimulatory action of acetylcholine on isolated rabbit atria.
alkaline phosphatase
(2452 times)
Biochemistry
(249 times)
LDH (136 times)
GGT (133 times)
AST (114 times)
1966 The activity of glutamic-oxalacetic and glutamic-pyruvic transaminases (GOT and GPT), ornithine-carbamolytransferase (OCT) and alkaline phosphatase (AP) in serum in closed liver injury. An experimental study in dogs.
arterial pressure
(1051 times)
Physiology
(315 times)
HR (319 times)
SNA (69 times)
CO (65 times)
1975 Circulatory effects of halothane and halothane-nitrous oxide anesthesia in the dog: spontaneous ventilation.
apyrimidinic
(576 times)
Biochemistry
(257 times)
BER (125 times)
APE1 (32 times)
ROS (25 times)
1980 Cellular localization of the apurinic/apyrimidinic endodeoxyribonucleases in rat liver.
area postrema
(504 times)
Physiology
(142 times)
NTS (190 times)
PVN (52 times)
SFO (50 times)
1975 The ultrastructural morphology of the squirrel monkey area postrema.
activator protein
(499 times)
Molecular Biology
(79 times)
NF (149 times)
IL (116 times)
TNF (66 times)
1986 Preliminary evidence for a processing error in the biosynthesis of Gaucher activator in mucolipidosis disease types II and III.
anterior pituitary
(413 times)
Endocrinology
(212 times)
PRL (67 times)
LH (43 times)
GH (39 times)
1975 [Cytological and immunocytochemical studies of the anterior pituitary gland of the beagle bitch during various reproduction phases].
10  accessory pathway
(355 times)
Cardiology
(272 times)
WPW (72 times)
AVRT (44 times)
AV (39 times)
1975 Electrophysiological evaluation of the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome: problems in assessing antegrade and retrograde conduction over the accessory pathway.
11  acid phosphatase
(302 times)
Toxicology
(23 times)
LDH (34 times)
ANAE (19 times)
NAG (15 times)
1971 Red cell enzyme polymorphisms in a northern German population. Gene frequencies and population genetics of the acid phosphatase (AP), phosphoglucomutase (PGM), adenylate kinase (AK), adenosine deaminase (ADA) and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6-PGD).
12  angina pectoris
(296 times)
Cardiology
(113 times)
MI (68 times)
CHD (50 times)
AMI (45 times)
1975 [Coronary heart disease and bypass surgery: a clinical cardiologist's view (author's transl)].
13  alternative pathway
(271 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(100 times)
CP (64 times)
FH (33 times)
LP (22 times)
1980 Complement activating property of the protein-rich endotoxin (OEP) of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. II. Complement activating property of the lipopolysaccharide portion and the inhibition by polymyxin B.
14  apical periodontitis
(206 times)
Dentistry
(176 times)
CBCT (24 times)
PAI (21 times)
RCT (20 times)
1997 Application of computerised image analysis to monitoring endodontic therapy: reproducibility and comparison with visual assessment.
15  antipsychotic
(197 times)
Psychiatry
(71 times)
AD (14 times)
EPs (14 times)
CI (10 times)
1982 Influence of antipsychotic and antidepressant drugs on evoked potential correlates of psychosis.
16  accelerated phase
(187 times)
Hematology
(91 times)
CML (158 times)
CP (132 times)
BC (66 times)
1984 [Current status of allogenic bone marrow transplantation in chronic myelocytic leukemia].
17  adult periodontitis
(160 times)
Dentistry
(132 times)
RPP (35 times)
EOP (26 times)
LJP (25 times)
1984 Cells and cellular interactions in gingival crevice washings from patients with juvenile periodontitis.
18  adaptor protein
(155 times)
Cell Biology
(53 times)
TGN (15 times)
CCVs (8 times)
HPS (6 times)
1995 Association of epidermal growth factor receptors with coated pit adaptins via a tyrosine phosphorylation-regulated mechanism.
19  apical
(155 times)
Pharmacology
(69 times)
BL (135 times)
P-gp (22 times)
Ang II (6 times)
1988 [Interobserver comparison of quantitative analysis of local wall function of the left ventricle in stress cineventriculography].
20  aminopyrine
(152 times)
Pharmacology
(33 times)
DAP (6 times)
dbcAMP (6 times)
PB (6 times)
1977 Potentiation by carbachol and aminophylline of histamine- and db-cAMP-induced parietal cell activity in isolated gastric glands.
21  available phosphorus
(133 times)
Environmental Health
(66 times)
TN (55 times)
AN (38 times)
TP (36 times)
1981 Effect of calcium carbonate particle size on the available phosphorus requirement of broiler chicks.
22  artificial pancreas
(128 times)
Endocrinology
(75 times)
T1D (29 times)
CGM (24 times)
MPC (14 times)
1981 Effects of insulin on erythrocyte deformability in diabetics--relationship between erythrocyte deformability and platelet aggregation.
23  arterial phase
(113 times)
Radiology
(52 times)
CT (35 times)
PP (30 times)
PVP (30 times)
1975 Comparison of hilar and capsular renal lymph.
24  absolute pitch
(112 times)
Psychology
(24 times)
RP (19 times)
STG (4 times)
ERP (3 times)
1989 Multiple coding strategies in the retention of musical tones by possessors of absolute pitch.
25  arterial blood pressure
(100 times)
Physiology
(32 times)
HR (46 times)
RSNA (8 times)
RVLM (8 times)
1977 Cerebral blood flow during hemorrhagic hypotension in the unanesthetized goat.
26  atmospheric pressure
(100 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(43 times)
MALDI (23 times)
MS (15 times)
ESI (6 times)
1994 A ventilation capacity test for the Eustachian tube using a soundproof pressure chamber.
27  amphetamine
(97 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(26 times)
MA (72 times)
MDMA (21 times)
MDA (18 times)
1986 Metabolism of deprenyl, a selective monoamine oxidase (MAO) B inhibitor in rat: relationship of metabolism to MAO-B inhibitory potency.
28  antipyrine
(93 times)
Pharmacology
(44 times)
NORA (12 times)
CL (10 times)
TH (10 times)
1976 Comparison of single dose kinetics of imipramine, nortriptyline and antipyrine in man.
29  aminopeptidase
(82 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
RAS (5 times)
ACE (4 times)
SOL (4 times)
1979 Relevance of enzyme evaluations in 24h urine to rat kidney injury caused by i.v. cephaloridine injection.
30  antiplatelet
(81 times)
Vascular Diseases
(17 times)
AC (31 times)
ICH (12 times)
AF (10 times)
1997 Thromboembolism prophylaxis in chronic atrial fibrillation. Practice patterns in community and tertiary-care hospitals.
31  ammonium perchlorate
(78 times)
Chemistry
(21 times)
DSC (6 times)
TSH (6 times)
OA (4 times)
1998 Polyacrylamide Gel Polymerization: Ascorbic Acid-ferrous Sulfate-ammonium Persulfate Initiator for Acid System.
32  augmentation pressure
(76 times)
Vascular Diseases
(20 times)
AIx (35 times)
PWV (24 times)
BP (18 times)
2004 Determinants of radial artery pulse wave analysis in asymptomatic individuals.
33  attributable proportion due to interaction
(71 times)
Endocrinology
(9 times)
RERI (41 times)
SI (17 times)
OR (16 times)
2003 Interaction as departure from additivity in case-control studies: a cautionary note.
34  antibiotic prophylaxis
(67 times)
Dentistry
(14 times)
IE (17 times)
SSI (6 times)
AHA (4 times)
1990 [The importance of the prophylactic use of antibiotics with women undergoing elective cesarean section].
35  attributable proportion
(64 times)
Rheumatology
(8 times)
RERI (34 times)
OR (13 times)
CI (11 times)
2007 CYP2E1PstI/RsaI polymorphism and interaction with tobacco, alcohol and GSTs in gastric cancer susceptibility: A meta-analysis of the literature.
36  acute phase
(63 times)
Biochemistry
(17 times)
Hp (16 times)
HRE (6 times)
IL-6 (6 times)
1978 [Acute-phase proteins in women with a copper IUD (author's transl)].
37  acetaminophen
(61 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(12 times)
AA (13 times)
UA (12 times)
CV (5 times)
1984 Effect of antidotal N-acetylcysteine on the pharmacokinetics of acetaminophen in dogs.
38  anterior pituitary gland
(59 times)
Endocrinology
(25 times)
LH (15 times)
GnRH (8 times)
GnRHR (7 times)
1983 Dopaminergic stimulation of pituitary but not hypothalamic estrogen receptors in ovariectomized rats.
39  amyloid P component
(58 times)
Pathology
(14 times)
SAP (13 times)
AD (4 times)
CRP (4 times)
1981 C-reactive protein fifty years on.
40  ascorbyl palmitate
(56 times)
Chemistry
(16 times)
AA (8 times)
tBHQ (5 times)
BHA (4 times)
1988 Influence of ascorbic acid esters on acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity in mice.
41  aggressive periodontitis
(54 times)
Dentistry
(26 times)
CP (25 times)
CAL (8 times)
PD (8 times)
2002 Amplified crevicular leukocyte activity in aggressive periodontal disease.
42  apurinic
(54 times)
Biochemistry
(21 times)
MMS (4 times)
BER (3 times)
8-oxoG (2 times)
1982 Enzymatic repair of pyrimidine dimer-containing DNA. A 5' dimer DNA glycosylase: 3'-apyrimidinic endonuclease mechanism from Micrococcus luteus.
43  activation peptide
(53 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
PAR2 (11 times)
PAR (9 times)
PARs (5 times)
1985 Regulation of formation of factor XIIIa by its fibrin substrates.
44  aspiration pneumonia
(50 times)
Geriatrics
(6 times)
CI (5 times)
CAP (3 times)
OD (3 times)
1993 [Selected indices in perinatal evaluation of the newborn with respiratory disturbances. I. Usefulness in differential diagnosis].
45  allopregnanolone
(49 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
PREG (7 times)
PS (7 times)
DHEA (6 times)
1997 Differential anxiolytic effects of neurosteroids in the mirrored chamber behavior test in mice.
46  antepartum
(49 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(31 times)
PP (42 times)
BCS (6 times)
NEFA (6 times)
1985 Glucagon, insulin, and growth hormone responses to glucose infusion in lactating dairy cows.
47  average power
(49 times)
Physiology
(17 times)
PT (15 times)
PP (12 times)
AV (9 times)
1987 Bilateral lsokinetic Peak Torque, Torque Acceleration Energy, Power, and Work Relationships in Athletes and Nonathletes.
48  adductor pollicis
(47 times)
Anesthesiology
(23 times)
OO (11 times)
TOF (11 times)
EMG (9 times)
1986 Muscle membrane excitation and impulse propagation velocity are reduced during muscle fatigue.
49  affinity propagation
(46 times)
Medical Informatics
(16 times)
BoW (2 times)
CC (2 times)
CLR (2 times)
2007 Clustering by soft-constraint affinity propagation: applications to gene-expression data.
50  Andrographis paniculata
(46 times)
Complementary Therapies
(9 times)
14-DAG (2 times)
EC (2 times)
NO (2 times)
1989 [Antiplatelet aggregation effect of Andregraphis paniculata].
51  available P
(46 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(29 times)
TN (6 times)
IP (5 times)
TP (5 times)
1987 Composition and phosphorus bioavailability of a solid by-product from anaerobically digested waste from caged layer hens.
52  atrial pacing
(44 times)
Cardiology
(30 times)
AV (6 times)
LV (6 times)
VP (6 times)
1975 Sequential atrioventricular pacing as a stress test. Evaluation of left ventricular function in second-degree AV heart block developing during atrial pacing.
53  abdominal pain
(43 times)
Pediatrics
(16 times)
IBS (7 times)
ED (6 times)
CD (4 times)
1982 The content of adult primary care episodes.
54  adenomatous polyps
(43 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
CRC (20 times)
HP (5 times)
CI (3 times)
1985 [Computed tomographic diagnosis and differential diagnosis of juvenile angiofibroma and angiomatous polyps].
55  aerosolized pentamidine
(41 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(15 times)
PCP (28 times)
HIV (5 times)
BMT (3 times)
1990 Guidelines for preventing the transmission of tuberculosis in health-care settings, with special focus on HIV-related issues.
56  Andhra Pradesh
(40 times)
Public Health
(7 times)
MH (3 times)
CI (2 times)
CP (2 times)
2000 Genetic polymorphism of CYP2D6 in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh population in India.
57  aortopulmonary
(40 times)
Cardiology
(22 times)
CHD (3 times)
LT (3 times)
AV (2 times)
1983 The surgical treatment of aortopulmonary window.
58  acute pyelonephritis
(39 times)
Urology
(9 times)
cUTI (8 times)
UTI (4 times)
CRE (3 times)
1994 [Determination of the level of urinary tract infection in children by antibodies coating bacteria from urinary sediment].
59  alkaline phosphatase activity
(39 times)
Endocrinology
(9 times)
BMD (4 times)
Ca (3 times)
OC (3 times)
1977 Biochemical measurements in Paget's disease of bone.
60  Actinic prurigo
(38 times)
Dermatology
(28 times)
PLE (6 times)
CAD (3 times)
HLA (3 times)
1988 Actinic prurigo of the lower lip. Review of the literature and report of five cases.
61  amylopectin
(38 times)
Carbohydrates
(13 times)
AM (19 times)
DP (5 times)
CL (4 times)
1996 Resistant starch as energy.
62  atriopeptin
(37 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
APir (2 times)
GFR (2 times)
mRNA (2 times)
1985 Differential structure-activity relationships of atrial peptides as natriuretics and renal vasodilators in the dog.
63  acupuncture
(36 times)
Complementary Therapies
(7 times)
EA (4 times)
EAP (3 times)
DA (2 times)
1986 [Serotoninergic and catecholaminergic indices in patients with neurotic and depressive disorders and changes in them as a result of reflexotherapy].
64  alkaline protease
(34 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(13 times)
ELA (15 times)
CF (5 times)
ExoA (4 times)
1982 Extracellular toxins of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. III. Radioimmunoassay for detection of alkaline protease.
65  alkylphenols
(34 times)
Environmental Health
(25 times)
PAH (10 times)
PW (8 times)
NP (6 times)
1997 Structural features of alkylphenolic chemicals associated with estrogenic activity.
66  allopurinol
(34 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
XO (9 times)
OA (3 times)
UA (3 times)
1980 Enzymatic inhibition assay for fluorometric determination of allopurinol and oxipurinol in serum and urine.
67  apigenin
(34 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
QU (5 times)
LU (4 times)
ACN (3 times)
2001 Study of antioxidant effect of apigenin, luteolin and quercetin by DNA protective method.
68  p-aminophenol
(34 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(12 times)
APP (6 times)
QI (5 times)
ITO (4 times)
1988 Effects of administration of N-nitrosodialkylamines and N-nitrodiethylamine on hepatic UDP-glucuronosyltransferase activity in Wistar rats.
69  attention problems
(33 times)
Psychiatry
(21 times)
ADHD (9 times)
AGG (9 times)
CBCL (8 times)
2000 A twin study of inattentive, aggressive, and anxious/depressed behaviors.
70  atypical parkinsonism
(33 times)
Neurology
(21 times)
PD (24 times)
PSP (10 times)
MSA (8 times)
2004 Caribbean parkinsonism and other atypical parkinsonian disorders.
71  aspartic proteinase
(30 times)
Botany
(8 times)
PSI (3 times)
MP (2 times)
PAGs (2 times)
1988 Theoretical calculations on the acidity of the active site in aspartic proteinases.
72  alternative complement pathway
(29 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
aHUS (5 times)
EC (3 times)
UL (3 times)
1979 Activation of complement by Schistosoma mansoni schistosomula: killing of parasites by the alternative pathway and requirement of IgG for classical pathway activation.
73  apple pomace
(29 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
CA (3 times)
OP (3 times)
RSM (3 times)
2008 Effects of dried and ensiled apple pomace from puree making on performance of finishing lambs.
74  absolute power
(28 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
EEG (12 times)
RP (10 times)
MF (4 times)
1993 Correlation between computed tomography and voltage and current source density spectral EEG parameters in patients with brain lesions.
75  2-antiplasmin
(27 times)
Vascular Diseases
(9 times)
AT (7 times)
PC (6 times)
PLG (6 times)
1984 Low molecular weight (LMW) heparin derivatives in experimental extra-corporeal circulation (ECC).
76  antiparallel
(27 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
Ala (4 times)
PLA (2 times)
BU (1 time)
1998 Effect of local sequence inversions on the crystalline antiparallel beta-sheet lamellar structures of periodic polypeptides: implications for chain-folding.
77  arterioportal
(27 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
HCC (8 times)
CT (6 times)
OS (2 times)
1986 Hepatic microcirculation of liver cirrhosis studied by corrosion cast/scanning electron microscope examination.
78  artificial perilymph
(27 times)
Audiology
(14 times)
ABR (6 times)
BDNF (6 times)
DPOAE (4 times)
1993 Effect of lymph composition on an in vitro preparation of the alligator lizard cochlea.
79  acute pneumonia
(26 times)
Therapeutics
(11 times)
AB (3 times)
DM (2 times)
AH (1 time)
1986 [Etiology of acute pneumonia occurring against a background of influenza and other acute respiratory viral infections].
80  air pollution
(26 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
IQR (5 times)
RR (5 times)
PM (4 times)
1995 [Association of air pollution and mortality: a review of recent epidemiological studies].
81  apurinic-apyrimidinic
(26 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
BER (5 times)
MX (2 times)
TMZ (2 times)
1982 Repair of AP sites in DNA.
82  atovaquone-proguanil
(26 times)
Tropical Medicine
(12 times)
CI (5 times)
ACT (3 times)
AL (3 times)
2000 Atovaquone plus proguanil versus halofantrine for the treatment of imported acute uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in non-immune adults: a randomized comparative trial.
83  average precision
(26 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(7 times)
AUC (4 times)
mAP (3 times)
OA (3 times)
2003 Assessing sequence comparison methods with the average precision criterion.
84  academic performance
(25 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
PA (4 times)
CRF (3 times)
PF (3 times)
2000 The Effect of Gender and Age on Medical School Performance: An Important Interaction.
85  anterior pagoda
(25 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
CNS (5 times)
AE (4 times)
ECM (4 times)
1987 Optical recording of calcium and voltage transients following impulses in cell bodies and processes of identified leech neurons in culture.
86  Asia-Pacific
(25 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
LA (7 times)
NA (6 times)
EU (3 times)
1998 Treatment of intertrochanteric fracture with the Gamma AP locking nail or by a compression hip screw--a randomised prospective trial.
87  auditory processing
(25 times)
Audiology
(16 times)
APD (8 times)
ADHD (3 times)
CCC-2 (2 times)
2002 The auditory processing battery: survey of common practices.
88  access point
(24 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(13 times)
RSS (4 times)
RSSI (3 times)
CSI (2 times)
2002 Community-based VHA clinics: effect on patient satisfaction and resource utilization.
89  affinity purification
(24 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
MS (9 times)
PPI (3 times)
Co-IP (2 times)
2010 Defining the budding yeast chromatin-associated interactome.
90  apple proliferation
(24 times)
Botany
(6 times)
ESFY (4 times)
PD (4 times)
PCR (2 times)
1999 Chromosomal organization and nucleotide sequence of the genes coding for the elongation factors G and Tu of the apple proliferation phytoplasma.
91  arbitrarily primed
(24 times)
Microbiology
(17 times)
PCR (5 times)
ERIC (3 times)
ICU (3 times)
1992 Identification of Casuarina-Frankia strains by use of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with arbitrary primers.
92  antipsychotic drugs
(23 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
SGA (3 times)
ECT (2 times)
9-OH-RIS (1 time)
1992 The relationship of antipsychotic drug use, behavior, and diagnoses among nursing home residents.
93  apomorphine
(23 times)
Psychopharmacology
(17 times)
DA (4 times)
AM (2 times)
DOPAC (2 times)
1976 Influence of 6-hydroxydopamine on the behavioral effects induced by apomorphine or clonidine in rats.
94  atherosclerotic plaques
(23 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
CA (4 times)
CFA (2 times)
HR (2 times)
1998 Immunohistochemical localization of different epitopes of advanced glycation end products in human atherosclerotic lesions.
95  andrographolide
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
HO-1 (3 times)
AST (2 times)
DIAP (2 times)
2008 Analysis of urinary andrographolides and antioxidant status after oral administration of Andrographis paniculata leaf extract in rats.
96  acetophenone
(21 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
PE (5 times)
BP (3 times)
1PE (2 times)
1986 Phosphorescence characteristics of acetophenone, benzophenone, p-aminobenzophenone and Michler's ketone in various environments.
97  aprotinin
(21 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
TA (7 times)
CPB (3 times)
GFR (2 times)
1984 99mTc-aprotinin: a new tracer for kidney morphology and function.
98  acupuncture points
(20 times)
Complementary Therapies
(6 times)
AA (4 times)
NAP (4 times)
NAA (2 times)
1980 [PEP-1 multichannel electronic apparatus for electropuncture].
99  aluminium phosphate
(20 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
AH (4 times)
GTF (2 times)
AB (1 time)
1987 Oral immunization of humans with Streptococcus sobrinus glucosyltransferase.
100  antimicrobial peptides
(20 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
DEFB1 (2 times)
LAP (2 times)
NTHi (2 times)
1999 Anionic antimicrobial peptide-lysozyme interactions in innate pulmonary immunity.