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Abbreviation: AP
Appearance Frequency: 25622 time(s)
Long forms: 1967

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
anteroposterior
(4207 times)
Orthopedics
(975 times)
ML (641 times)
SI (349 times)
CT (248 times)
1975 Roentgenographic examination of the metacarpophalangeal joint.
acute pancreatitis
(2826 times)
Gastroenterology
(1148 times)
SAP (209 times)
CP (113 times)
CRP (106 times)
1977 Acute pancreatitis: analysis of factors influencing survival.
action potential
(2570 times)
Physiology
(627 times)
APD (182 times)
SP (105 times)
SR (100 times)
1958 The stimulatory action of acetylcholine on isolated rabbit atria.
alkaline phosphatase
(2483 times)
Biochemistry
(250 times)
LDH (138 times)
GGT (134 times)
AST (116 times)
1966 The activity of glutamic-oxalacetic and glutamic-pyruvic transaminases (GOT and GPT), ornithine-carbamolytransferase (OCT) and alkaline phosphatase (AP) in serum in closed liver injury. An experimental study in dogs.
arterial pressure
(1059 times)
Physiology
(316 times)
HR (322 times)
SNA (69 times)
CO (66 times)
1975 Circulatory effects of halothane and halothane-nitrous oxide anesthesia in the dog: spontaneous ventilation.
apyrimidinic
(593 times)
Biochemistry
(258 times)
BER (131 times)
APE1 (33 times)
ROS (25 times)
1980 Cellular localization of the apurinic/apyrimidinic endodeoxyribonucleases in rat liver.
area postrema
(512 times)
Physiology
(144 times)
NTS (192 times)
PVN (52 times)
SFO (50 times)
1975 The ultrastructural morphology of the squirrel monkey area postrema.
activator protein
(502 times)
Molecular Biology
(79 times)
NF (149 times)
IL (117 times)
TNF (66 times)
1986 Preliminary evidence for a processing error in the biosynthesis of Gaucher activator in mucolipidosis disease types II and III.
anterior pituitary
(419 times)
Endocrinology
(214 times)
PRL (67 times)
LH (44 times)
GH (41 times)
1975 [Cytological and immunocytochemical studies of the anterior pituitary gland of the beagle bitch during various reproduction phases].
10  accessory pathway
(371 times)
Cardiology
(280 times)
WPW (73 times)
AVRT (44 times)
AV (40 times)
1975 Electrophysiological evaluation of the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome: problems in assessing antegrade and retrograde conduction over the accessory pathway.
11  angina pectoris
(305 times)
Cardiology
(114 times)
MI (68 times)
CHD (51 times)
AMI (46 times)
1975 [Coronary heart disease and bypass surgery: a clinical cardiologist's view (author's transl)].
12  acid phosphatase
(303 times)
Toxicology
(23 times)
LDH (34 times)
ANAE (19 times)
NAG (15 times)
1971 Red cell enzyme polymorphisms in a northern German population. Gene frequencies and population genetics of the acid phosphatase (AP), phosphoglucomutase (PGM), adenylate kinase (AK), adenosine deaminase (ADA) and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6-PGD).
13  alternative pathway
(286 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(101 times)
CP (66 times)
FH (38 times)
aHUS (22 times)
1980 Complement activating property of the protein-rich endotoxin (OEP) of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. II. Complement activating property of the lipopolysaccharide portion and the inhibition by polymyxin B.
14  apical periodontitis
(229 times)
Dentistry
(191 times)
CBCT (26 times)
PAI (24 times)
RCT (24 times)
1997 Application of computerised image analysis to monitoring endodontic therapy: reproducibility and comparison with visual assessment.
15  antipsychotic
(210 times)
Psychiatry
(74 times)
AD (15 times)
EPs (14 times)
CI (10 times)
1982 Influence of antipsychotic and antidepressant drugs on evoked potential correlates of psychosis.
16  accelerated phase
(190 times)
Hematology
(92 times)
CML (161 times)
CP (133 times)
BC (66 times)
1984 [Current status of allogenic bone marrow transplantation in chronic myelocytic leukemia].
17  available phosphorus
(167 times)
Environmental Health
(86 times)
TN (67 times)
AN (48 times)
TP (42 times)
1981 Effect of calcium carbonate particle size on the available phosphorus requirement of broiler chicks.
18  adaptor protein
(161 times)
Cell Biology
(54 times)
TGN (17 times)
CCVs (8 times)
HPS (6 times)
1991 Enrichment of a second class of native acceptor sites for the avian oviduct progesterone receptor as intact chromatin fragments.
19  adult periodontitis
(160 times)
Dentistry
(132 times)
RPP (35 times)
EOP (26 times)
LJP (25 times)
1984 Cells and cellular interactions in gingival crevice washings from patients with juvenile periodontitis.
20  apical
(156 times)
Pharmacology
(69 times)
BL (136 times)
P-gp (22 times)
TEER (7 times)
1988 [Interobserver comparison of quantitative analysis of local wall function of the left ventricle in stress cineventriculography].
21  aminopyrine
(153 times)
Pharmacology
(33 times)
DAP (6 times)
dbcAMP (6 times)
PB (6 times)
1977 Potentiation by carbachol and aminophylline of histamine- and db-cAMP-induced parietal cell activity in isolated gastric glands.
22  artificial pancreas
(138 times)
Endocrinology
(80 times)
T1D (31 times)
CGM (25 times)
MPC (14 times)
1981 Effects of insulin on erythrocyte deformability in diabetics--relationship between erythrocyte deformability and platelet aggregation.
23  arterial phase
(137 times)
Radiology
(61 times)
CT (42 times)
PVP (33 times)
VP (33 times)
1975 Comparison of hilar and capsular renal lymph.
24  absolute pitch
(120 times)
Psychology
(24 times)
RP (19 times)
fMRI (4 times)
STG (4 times)
1989 Multiple coding strategies in the retention of musical tones by possessors of absolute pitch.
25  atmospheric pressure
(107 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(46 times)
MALDI (25 times)
MS (15 times)
ESI (6 times)
1994 A ventilation capacity test for the Eustachian tube using a soundproof pressure chamber.
26  arterial blood pressure
(101 times)
Physiology
(32 times)
HR (46 times)
RSNA (8 times)
RVLM (8 times)
1977 Cerebral blood flow during hemorrhagic hypotension in the unanesthetized goat.
27  amphetamine
(98 times)
Jurisprudence
(26 times)
MA (73 times)
MDMA (21 times)
MDA (18 times)
1986 Metabolism of deprenyl, a selective monoamine oxidase (MAO) B inhibitor in rat: relationship of metabolism to MAO-B inhibitory potency.
28  antipyrine
(94 times)
Pharmacology
(45 times)
NORA (12 times)
CL (10 times)
TH (10 times)
1976 Comparison of single dose kinetics of imipramine, nortriptyline and antipyrine in man.
29  antiplatelet
(90 times)
Vascular Diseases
(17 times)
AC (36 times)
AF (12 times)
ICH (12 times)
1997 Thromboembolism prophylaxis in chronic atrial fibrillation. Practice patterns in community and tertiary-care hospitals.
30  aminopeptidase
(83 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
RAS (5 times)
ACE (4 times)
SOL (4 times)
1979 Relevance of enzyme evaluations in 24h urine to rat kidney injury caused by i.v. cephaloridine injection.
31  ammonium perchlorate
(83 times)
Chemistry
(22 times)
DSC (7 times)
TSH (6 times)
XPS (5 times)
2000 A 90-day drinking water toxicity study in rats of the environmental contaminant ammonium perchlorate.
32  augmentation pressure
(81 times)
Vascular Diseases
(21 times)
AIx (36 times)
PWV (26 times)
BP (18 times)
2004 Determinants of radial artery pulse wave analysis in asymptomatic individuals.
33  antibiotic prophylaxis
(77 times)
Dentistry
(17 times)
IE (19 times)
SSI (9 times)
AHA (4 times)
1990 [The importance of the prophylactic use of antibiotics with women undergoing elective cesarean section].
34  attributable proportion due to interaction
(77 times)
Endocrinology
(9 times)
RERI (45 times)
SI (19 times)
OR (17 times)
2003 Interaction as departure from additivity in case-control studies: a cautionary note.
35  attributable proportion
(70 times)
Epidemiology
(8 times)
RERI (37 times)
OR (15 times)
CI (13 times)
2006 CYP2E1PstI/RsaI polymorphism and interaction with tobacco, alcohol and GSTs in gastric cancer susceptibility: A meta-analysis of the literature.
36  acetaminophen
(69 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(16 times)
AA (15 times)
UA (13 times)
DA (7 times)
1984 Effect of antidotal N-acetylcysteine on the pharmacokinetics of acetaminophen in dogs.
37  acute phase
(64 times)
Biochemistry
(18 times)
Hp (16 times)
CP (6 times)
HRE (6 times)
1978 [Acute-phase proteins in women with a copper IUD (author's transl)].
38  anterior pituitary gland
(59 times)
Endocrinology
(25 times)
LH (15 times)
GnRH (8 times)
GnRHR (7 times)
1983 Dopaminergic stimulation of pituitary but not hypothalamic estrogen receptors in ovariectomized rats.
39  ascorbyl palmitate
(59 times)
Chemistry
(18 times)
AA (8 times)
tBHQ (5 times)
BHA (4 times)
1988 Influence of ascorbic acid esters on acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity in mice.
40  amyloid P component
(58 times)
Pathology
(14 times)
SAP (13 times)
AD (4 times)
CRP (4 times)
1981 C-reactive protein fifty years on.
41  activation peptide
(55 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
PAR (9 times)
PAR-2 (7 times)
PAR2 (5 times)
1985 Regulation of formation of factor XIIIa by its fibrin substrates.
42  aggressive periodontitis
(55 times)
Dentistry
(26 times)
CP (25 times)
CAL (8 times)
PD (8 times)
2002 Amplified crevicular leukocyte activity in aggressive periodontal disease.
43  average power
(55 times)
Physiology
(21 times)
PP (19 times)
PT (16 times)
AV (9 times)
1987 Bilateral lsokinetic Peak Torque, Torque Acceleration Energy, Power, and Work Relationships in Athletes and Nonathletes.
44  antepartum
(54 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(35 times)
PP (47 times)
BCS (7 times)
NEFA (7 times)
1985 Glucagon, insulin, and growth hormone responses to glucose infusion in lactating dairy cows.
45  apurinic
(54 times)
Biochemistry
(21 times)
MMS (4 times)
BER (3 times)
8-oxoG (2 times)
1982 Enzymatic repair of pyrimidine dimer-containing DNA. A 5' dimer DNA glycosylase: 3'-apyrimidinic endonuclease mechanism from Micrococcus luteus.
46  aspiration pneumonia
(53 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
CI (5 times)
CAP (4 times)
OD (3 times)
1993 [Selected indices in perinatal evaluation of the newborn with respiratory disturbances. I. Usefulness in differential diagnosis].
47  available P
(50 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(30 times)
TN (7 times)
IP (6 times)
TP (6 times)
1987 Composition and phosphorus bioavailability of a solid by-product from anaerobically digested waste from caged layer hens.
48  allopregnanolone
(49 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
PREG (7 times)
PS (7 times)
DHEA (6 times)
1997 Differential anxiolytic effects of neurosteroids in the mirrored chamber behavior test in mice.
49  affinity propagation
(48 times)
Medical Informatics
(16 times)
BoW (2 times)
CC (2 times)
CLR (2 times)
2007 Clustering by soft-constraint affinity propagation: applications to gene-expression data.
50  Andrographis paniculata
(48 times)
Complementary Therapies
(10 times)
EC (3 times)
14-DAG (2 times)
AND (2 times)
1989 [Antiplatelet aggregation effect of Andregraphis paniculata].
51  abdominal pain
(47 times)
Pediatrics
(17 times)
IBS (7 times)
CD (6 times)
ED (6 times)
1982 The content of adult primary care episodes.
52  adductor pollicis
(47 times)
Anesthesiology
(23 times)
OO (11 times)
TOF (11 times)
EMG (9 times)
1986 Muscle membrane excitation and impulse propagation velocity are reduced during muscle fatigue.
53  average precision
(46 times)
Medical Informatics
(12 times)
AUC (7 times)
mAP (7 times)
CNN (4 times)
2003 Assessing sequence comparison methods with the average precision criterion.
54  atrial pacing
(45 times)
Cardiology
(30 times)
AV (6 times)
LV (6 times)
VP (6 times)
1975 Sequential atrioventricular pacing as a stress test. Evaluation of left ventricular function in second-degree AV heart block developing during atrial pacing.
55  adenomatous polyps
(44 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
CRC (21 times)
HP (5 times)
ROC (4 times)
1985 [Computed tomographic diagnosis and differential diagnosis of juvenile angiofibroma and angiomatous polyps].
56  acute pyelonephritis
(42 times)
Communicable Diseases
(11 times)
cUTI (9 times)
UTI (5 times)
CRE (4 times)
1994 [Determination of the level of urinary tract infection in children by antibodies coating bacteria from urinary sediment].
57  Andhra Pradesh
(42 times)
Public Health
(7 times)
MH (3 times)
CI (2 times)
CP (2 times)
2001 Genetic polymorphism of CYP2D6 in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh population in India.
58  aerosolized pentamidine
(41 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(15 times)
PCP (28 times)
HIV (5 times)
BMT (3 times)
1990 Guidelines for preventing the transmission of tuberculosis in health-care settings, with special focus on HIV-related issues.
59  aortopulmonary
(41 times)
Cardiology
(22 times)
CHD (3 times)
LT (3 times)
AV (2 times)
1983 The surgical treatment of aortopulmonary window.
60  alkaline phosphatase activity
(39 times)
Endocrinology
(9 times)
BMD (4 times)
Ca (3 times)
OC (3 times)
1977 Biochemical measurements in Paget's disease of bone.
61  amylopectin
(39 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
AM (19 times)
DP (5 times)
CL (4 times)
1996 Resistant starch as energy.
62  Actinic prurigo
(38 times)
Dermatology
(28 times)
PLE (6 times)
CAD (3 times)
HLA (3 times)
1988 Actinic prurigo of the lower lip. Review of the literature and report of five cases.
63  atypical parkinsonism
(38 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
PD (28 times)
PSP (10 times)
MSA (9 times)
2004 Caribbean parkinsonism and other atypical parkinsonian disorders.
64  atriopeptin
(37 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
APir (2 times)
GFR (2 times)
mRNA (2 times)
1985 Differential structure-activity relationships of atrial peptides as natriuretics and renal vasodilators in the dog.
65  acupuncture
(36 times)
Complementary Therapies
(7 times)
EA (4 times)
EAP (3 times)
DA (2 times)
1986 [Serotoninergic and catecholaminergic indices in patients with neurotic and depressive disorders and changes in them as a result of reflexotherapy].
66  4-aminophenol
(35 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(12 times)
APP (6 times)
NP (5 times)
QI (5 times)
1988 Effects of administration of N-nitrosodialkylamines and N-nitrodiethylamine on hepatic UDP-glucuronosyltransferase activity in Wistar rats.
67  allopurinol
(35 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
XO (9 times)
OA (3 times)
UA (3 times)
1980 Enzymatic inhibition assay for fluorometric determination of allopurinol and oxipurinol in serum and urine.
68  apigenin
(35 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
QU (5 times)
LU (4 times)
ACN (3 times)
2001 Study of antioxidant effect of apigenin, luteolin and quercetin by DNA protective method.
69  alkaline protease
(34 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(13 times)
ELA (15 times)
CF (5 times)
ExoA (4 times)
1982 Extracellular toxins of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. III. Radioimmunoassay for detection of alkaline protease.
70  alkylphenols
(34 times)
Environmental Health
(25 times)
PAH (10 times)
PW (8 times)
NP (6 times)
1997 Structural features of alkylphenolic chemicals associated with estrogenic activity.
71  attention problems
(34 times)
Psychiatry
(21 times)
ADHD (9 times)
AGG (9 times)
CBCL (8 times)
2000 A twin study of inattentive, aggressive, and anxious/depressed behaviors.
72  alternative complement pathway
(31 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
aHUS (5 times)
EC (3 times)
UL (3 times)
1979 Activation of complement by Schistosoma mansoni schistosomula: killing of parasites by the alternative pathway and requirement of IgG for classical pathway activation.
73  academic performance
(30 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
PA (6 times)
PF (4 times)
CRF (3 times)
2002 The Effect of Gender and Age on Medical School Performance: An Important Interaction.
74  access point
(30 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(18 times)
RSS (5 times)
IoT (4 times)
WLAN (4 times)
2002 Community-based VHA clinics: effect on patient satisfaction and resource utilization.
75  air pollution
(30 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
IQR (5 times)
RR (5 times)
PM (4 times)
1995 [Association of air pollution and mortality: a review of recent epidemiological studies].
76  aspartic proteinase
(30 times)
Botany
(8 times)
PSI (3 times)
MP (2 times)
PAGs (2 times)
1988 Theoretical calculations on the acidity of the active site in aspartic proteinases.
77  apple pomace
(29 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
CA (3 times)
OP (3 times)
RSM (3 times)
2008 Effects of dried and ensiled apple pomace from puree making on performance of finishing lambs.
78  absolute power
(28 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
EEG (12 times)
RP (10 times)
MF (4 times)
1993 Correlation between computed tomography and voltage and current source density spectral EEG parameters in patients with brain lesions.
79  acute pneumonia
(28 times)
Therapeutics
(11 times)
AB (3 times)
DM (2 times)
AH (1 time)
1986 [Etiology of acute pneumonia occurring against a background of influenza and other acute respiratory viral infections].
80  antiparallel
(28 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
Ala (4 times)
PLA (2 times)
BU (1 time)
1998 Effect of local sequence inversions on the crystalline antiparallel beta-sheet lamellar structures of periodic polypeptides: implications for chain-folding.
81  artificial perilymph
(28 times)
Audiology
(14 times)
BDNF (7 times)
ABR (6 times)
DPOAE (4 times)
1993 Effect of lymph composition on an in vitro preparation of the alligator lizard cochlea.
82  2-antiplasmin
(27 times)
Vascular Diseases
(9 times)
AT (7 times)
PC (6 times)
PLG (6 times)
1984 Low molecular weight (LMW) heparin derivatives in experimental extra-corporeal circulation (ECC).
83  arterioportal
(27 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
HCC (8 times)
CT (6 times)
OS (2 times)
1986 Hepatic microcirculation of liver cirrhosis studied by corrosion cast/scanning electron microscope examination.
84  Asia-Pacific
(27 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
LA (7 times)
NA (6 times)
EU (3 times)
1998 Treatment of intertrochanteric fracture with the Gamma AP locking nail or by a compression hip screw--a randomised prospective trial.
85  apurinic-apyrimidinic
(26 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
BER (5 times)
MX (2 times)
TMZ (2 times)
1982 Repair of AP sites in DNA.
86  affinity purification
(25 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
MS (9 times)
PPI (3 times)
Co-IP (2 times)
2010 Modeling contaminants in AP-MS/MS experiments.
87  anterior pagoda
(25 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
CNS (5 times)
AE (4 times)
ECM (4 times)
1987 Optical recording of calcium and voltage transients following impulses in cell bodies and processes of identified leech neurons in culture.
88  antimicrobial prophylaxis
(25 times)
Drug Therapy
(4 times)
CMV (3 times)
AML (2 times)
auto-HSCT (2 times)
2002 Selective bowel decontamination for the prevention of infection in acute myelogenous leukemia: a prospective randomized trial.
89  antipsychotic drugs
(25 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
SGA (3 times)
ECT (2 times)
9-OH-RIS (1 time)
1992 The relationship of antipsychotic drug use, behavior, and diagnoses among nursing home residents.
90  apple proliferation
(25 times)
Botany
(6 times)
ESFY (4 times)
PD (4 times)
PCR (2 times)
1999 Chromosomal organization and nucleotide sequence of the genes coding for the elongation factors G and Tu of the apple proliferation phytoplasma.
91  atherosclerotic plaques
(25 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
CA (4 times)
CFA (2 times)
HR (2 times)
1998 Immunohistochemical localization of different epitopes of advanced glycation end products in human atherosclerotic lesions.
92  atovaquone-proguanil
(25 times)
Tropical Medicine
(12 times)
CI (5 times)
ACT (3 times)
AL (3 times)
2001 Atovaquone plus proguanil versus halofantrine for the treatment of imported acute uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in non-immune adults: a randomized comparative trial.
93  auditory processing
(25 times)
Audiology
(16 times)
APD (8 times)
ADHD (3 times)
CCC-2 (2 times)
2002 The auditory processing battery: survey of common practices.
94  arbitrarily primed
(24 times)
Microbiology
(17 times)
PCR (5 times)
ERIC (3 times)
ICU (3 times)
1992 Identification of Casuarina-Frankia strains by use of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with arbitrary primers.
95  acetophenone
(23 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
PE (5 times)
BP (3 times)
1PE (2 times)
1986 Phosphorescence characteristics of acetophenone, benzophenone, p-aminobenzophenone and Michler's ketone in various environments.
96  andrographolide
(23 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
HO-1 (3 times)
ALP (2 times)
AST (2 times)
2008 Analysis of urinary andrographolides and antioxidant status after oral administration of Andrographis paniculata leaf extract in rats.
97  apomorphine
(23 times)
Psychopharmacology
(17 times)
DA (4 times)
AM (2 times)
DOPAC (2 times)
1976 Influence of 6-hydroxydopamine on the behavioral effects induced by apomorphine or clonidine in rats.
98  aluminium phosphate
(22 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
AH (4 times)
DCP (2 times)
FP (2 times)
1987 Oral immunization of humans with Streptococcus sobrinus glucosyltransferase.
99  antimicrobial peptides
(22 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
DEFB1 (2 times)
LAP (2 times)
NTHi (2 times)
1999 Anionic antimicrobial peptide-lysozyme interactions in innate pulmonary immunity.
100  aprotinin
(21 times)
General Surgery
(6 times)
TA (7 times)
CPB (3 times)
GFR (2 times)
1984 99mTc-aprotinin: a new tracer for kidney morphology and function.