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Abbreviation: AP
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
anteroposterior
(3297 times)
Orthopedics
(794 times)
ML (518 times)
SI (267 times)
CT (208 times)
1975 Roentgenographic examination of the metacarpophalangeal joint.
alkaline phosphatase
(2384 times)
Biochemistry
(244 times)
LDH (133 times)
GGT (130 times)
AST (111 times)
1966 The activity of glutamic-oxalacetic and glutamic-pyruvic transaminases (GOT and GPT), ornithine-carbamolytransferase (OCT) and alkaline phosphatase (AP) in serum in closed liver injury. An experimental study in dogs.
action potential
(2307 times)
Physiology
(586 times)
APD (160 times)
SP (97 times)
SR (91 times)
1958 The stimulatory action of acetylcholine on isolated rabbit atria.
acute pancreatitis
(2130 times)
Gastroenterology
(945 times)
SAP (153 times)
IL (85 times)
CP (77 times)
1977 Acute pancreatitis: analysis of factors influencing survival.
arterial pressure
(1012 times)
Physiology
(302 times)
HR (312 times)
SNA (63 times)
CO (62 times)
1975 Circulatory effects of halothane and halothane-nitrous oxide anesthesia in the dog: spontaneous ventilation.
apyrimidinic
(536 times)
Biochemistry
(244 times)
BER (109 times)
APE1 (26 times)
MMS (24 times)
1980 Cellular localization of the apurinic/apyrimidinic endodeoxyribonucleases in rat liver.
activator protein
(483 times)
Molecular Biology
(77 times)
NF (144 times)
IL (110 times)
TNF (62 times)
1986 Preliminary evidence for a processing error in the biosynthesis of Gaucher activator in mucolipidosis disease types II and III.
area postrema
(483 times)
Physiology
(140 times)
NTS (180 times)
PVN (50 times)
SFO (49 times)
1975 The ultrastructural morphology of the squirrel monkey area postrema.
anterior pituitary
(401 times)
Endocrinology
(208 times)
PRL (67 times)
LH (41 times)
GH (39 times)
1975 [Cytological and immunocytochemical studies of the anterior pituitary gland of the beagle bitch during various reproduction phases].
10  accessory pathway
(324 times)
Cardiology
(256 times)
WPW (63 times)
AVRT (41 times)
AV (38 times)
1975 Electrophysiological evaluation of the Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome: problems in assessing antegrade and retrograde conduction over the accessory pathway.
11  acid phosphatase
(295 times)
Toxicology
(22 times)
LDH (33 times)
ANAE (19 times)
PSA (14 times)
1971 Red cell enzyme polymorphisms in a northern German population. Gene frequencies and population genetics of the acid phosphatase (AP), phosphoglucomutase (PGM), adenylate kinase (AK), adenosine deaminase (ADA) and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (6-PGD).
12  angina pectoris
(281 times)
Cardiology
(109 times)
MI (68 times)
CHD (47 times)
AMI (44 times)
1975 [Coronary heart disease and bypass surgery: a clinical cardiologist's view (author's transl)].
13  alternative pathway
(239 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(94 times)
CP (57 times)
FH (29 times)
NHS (20 times)
1980 Complement activating property of the protein-rich endotoxin (OEP) of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. II. Complement activating property of the lipopolysaccharide portion and the inhibition by polymyxin B.
14  accelerated phase
(174 times)
Hematology
(89 times)
CML (148 times)
CP (123 times)
BC (58 times)
1984 [Current status of allogenic bone marrow transplantation in chronic myelocytic leukemia].
15  antipsychotic
(169 times)
Psychiatry
(62 times)
EPs (13 times)
AD (12 times)
CI (10 times)
1982 Influence of antipsychotic and antidepressant drugs on evoked potential correlates of psychosis.
16  adult periodontitis
(160 times)
Dentistry
(132 times)
RPP (35 times)
EOP (26 times)
LJP (25 times)
1984 Cells and cellular interactions in gingival crevice washings from patients with juvenile periodontitis.
17  apical periodontitis
(160 times)
Dentistry
(141 times)
CBCT (21 times)
PAI (18 times)
RCT (12 times)
1997 Application of computerised image analysis to monitoring endodontic therapy: reproducibility and comparison with visual assessment.
18  aminopyrine
(151 times)
Biochemistry
(32 times)
DAP (6 times)
dbcAMP (6 times)
PB (6 times)
1977 Potentiation by carbachol and aminophylline of histamine- and db-cAMP-induced parietal cell activity in isolated gastric glands.
19  adaptor protein
(147 times)
Cell Biology
(50 times)
TGN (13 times)
CCVs (8 times)
HPS (6 times)
1995 Association of epidermal growth factor receptors with coated pit adaptins via a tyrosine phosphorylation-regulated mechanism.
20  apical
(147 times)
Pharmacology
(68 times)
BL (127 times)
P-gp (21 times)
Ang II (6 times)
1988 [Interobserver comparison of quantitative analysis of local wall function of the left ventricle in stress cineventriculography].
21  artificial pancreas
(102 times)
Endocrinology
(62 times)
CGM (20 times)
T1D (19 times)
BG (12 times)
1981 Effects of insulin on erythrocyte deformability in diabetics--relationship between erythrocyte deformability and platelet aggregation.
22  absolute pitch
(95 times)
Psychology
(22 times)
RP (13 times)
STG (4 times)
NAP (3 times)
1989 Multiple coding strategies in the retention of musical tones by possessors of absolute pitch.
23  amphetamine
(95 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(26 times)
MA (70 times)
MDMA (20 times)
MDA (17 times)
1986 Metabolism of deprenyl, a selective monoamine oxidase (MAO) B inhibitor in rat: relationship of metabolism to MAO-B inhibitory potency.
24  arterial blood pressure
(95 times)
Physiology
(32 times)
HR (45 times)
RSNA (7 times)
CO (6 times)
1977 Cerebral blood flow during hemorrhagic hypotension in the unanesthetized goat.
25  antipyrine
(91 times)
Pharmacology
(43 times)
NORA (12 times)
CL (10 times)
TH (10 times)
1976 Comparison of single dose kinetics of imipramine, nortriptyline and antipyrine in man.
26  atmospheric pressure
(89 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(41 times)
MALDI (21 times)
MS (13 times)
ESI (5 times)
1994 A ventilation capacity test for the Eustachian tube using a soundproof pressure chamber.
27  available phosphorus
(89 times)
Environmental Health
(42 times)
TN (32 times)
TP (25 times)
AN (23 times)
1981 Effect of calcium carbonate particle size on the available phosphorus requirement of broiler chicks.
28  arterial phase
(87 times)
Radiology
(37 times)
CT (26 times)
PP (24 times)
PVP (23 times)
1975 Comparison of hilar and capsular renal lymph.
29  aminopeptidase
(81 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
RAS (5 times)
ACE (4 times)
SOL (4 times)
1979 Relevance of enzyme evaluations in 24h urine to rat kidney injury caused by i.v. cephaloridine injection.
30  augmentation pressure
(69 times)
Vascular Diseases
(19 times)
AIx (32 times)
PWV (22 times)
BP (15 times)
2004 Determinants of radial artery pulse wave analysis in asymptomatic individuals.
31  antiplatelet
(68 times)
Vascular Diseases
(15 times)
AC (24 times)
ICH (12 times)
AF (10 times)
1997 Thromboembolism prophylaxis in chronic atrial fibrillation. Practice patterns in community and tertiary-care hospitals.
32  ammonium perchlorate
(64 times)
Chemistry
(16 times)
TSH (6 times)
DSC (4 times)
OA (4 times)
1998 Polyacrylamide Gel Polymerization: Ascorbic Acid-ferrous Sulfate-ammonium Persulfate Initiator for Acid System.
33  acute phase
(60 times)
Biochemistry
(17 times)
Hp (16 times)
HRE (6 times)
IL-6 (6 times)
1978 [Acute-phase proteins in women with a copper IUD (author's transl)].
34  amyloid P component
(58 times)
Pathology
(14 times)
SAP (13 times)
AD (4 times)
CRP (4 times)
1981 C-reactive protein fifty years on.
35  anterior pituitary gland
(58 times)
Endocrinology
(24 times)
LH (15 times)
GnRH (8 times)
GnRHR (7 times)
1983 Dopaminergic stimulation of pituitary but not hypothalamic estrogen receptors in ovariectomized rats.
36  antibiotic prophylaxis
(54 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
IE (12 times)
SSI (5 times)
AHA (3 times)
1990 [The importance of the prophylactic use of antibiotics with women undergoing elective cesarean section].
37  acetaminophen
(53 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(11 times)
AA (12 times)
UA (11 times)
GC (5 times)
1984 Effect of antidotal N-acetylcysteine on the pharmacokinetics of acetaminophen in dogs.
38  activation peptide
(53 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
PAR-2 (11 times)
PAR (9 times)
PARs (5 times)
1985 Regulation of formation of factor XIIIa by its fibrin substrates.
39  apurinic
(53 times)
Biochemistry
(21 times)
MMS (4 times)
BER (3 times)
8-oxoG (2 times)
1982 Enzymatic repair of pyrimidine dimer-containing DNA. A 5' dimer DNA glycosylase: 3'-apyrimidinic endonuclease mechanism from Micrococcus luteus.
40  attributable proportion
(53 times)
Rheumatology
(8 times)
RERI (29 times)
OR (11 times)
CI (10 times)
2007 CYP2E1PstI/RsaI polymorphism and interaction with tobacco, alcohol and GSTs in gastric cancer susceptibility: A meta-analysis of the literature.
41  attributable proportion due to interaction
(51 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
RERI (29 times)
OR (10 times)
CI (9 times)
2003 Interaction as departure from additivity in case-control studies: a cautionary note.
42  ascorbyl palmitate
(50 times)
Chemistry
(15 times)
AA (8 times)
AS (3 times)
BHA (3 times)
1988 Influence of ascorbic acid esters on acetaminophen-induced hepatotoxicity in mice.
43  aggressive periodontitis
(47 times)
Dentistry
(22 times)
CP (22 times)
PD (7 times)
CAL (6 times)
2002 Amplified crevicular leukocyte activity in aggressive periodontal disease.
44  allopregnanolone
(47 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
PREG (7 times)
PS (7 times)
DHEA (6 times)
1997 Differential anxiolytic effects of neurosteroids in the mirrored chamber behavior test in mice.
45  adductor pollicis
(46 times)
Anesthesiology
(23 times)
OO (11 times)
TOF (11 times)
EMG (9 times)
1986 Muscle membrane excitation and impulse propagation velocity are reduced during muscle fatigue.
46  aspiration pneumonia
(45 times)
Geriatrics
(6 times)
CI (4 times)
OD (3 times)
CAP (2 times)
1993 [Selected indices in perinatal evaluation of the newborn with respiratory disturbances. I. Usefulness in differential diagnosis].
47  atrial pacing
(44 times)
Cardiology
(30 times)
AV (6 times)
LV (6 times)
VP (6 times)
1975 Sequential atrioventricular pacing as a stress test. Evaluation of left ventricular function in second-degree AV heart block developing during atrial pacing.
48  abdominal pain
(41 times)
Pediatrics
(16 times)
IBS (6 times)
ED (5 times)
CD (4 times)
1982 The content of adult primary care episodes.
49  aerosolized pentamidine
(41 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(15 times)
PCP (28 times)
HIV (5 times)
BMT (3 times)
1990 Guidelines for preventing the transmission of tuberculosis in health-care settings, with special focus on HIV-related issues.
50  average power
(41 times)
Sports Medicine
(14 times)
PT (15 times)
TW (9 times)
AV (8 times)
1987 Bilateral lsokinetic Peak Torque, Torque Acceleration Energy, Power, and Work Relationships in Athletes and Nonathletes.
51  affinity propagation
(39 times)
Medical Informatics
(16 times)
CC (2 times)
CLR (2 times)
DTI (2 times)
2007 Clustering by soft-constraint affinity propagation: applications to gene-expression data.
52  Andrographis paniculata
(39 times)
Complementary Therapies
(8 times)
14-DAG (2 times)
EC (2 times)
NO (2 times)
1989 [Antiplatelet aggregation effect of Andregraphis paniculata].
53  adenomatous polyps
(38 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
CRC (17 times)
HP (4 times)
CI (3 times)
1985 [Computed tomographic diagnosis and differential diagnosis of juvenile angiofibroma and angiomatous polyps].
54  alkaline phosphatase activity
(38 times)
Endocrinology
(9 times)
BMD (4 times)
Ca (3 times)
OC (3 times)
1977 Biochemical measurements in Paget's disease of bone.
55  Actinic prurigo
(37 times)
Dermatology
(27 times)
PLE (6 times)
CAD (3 times)
HLA (3 times)
1988 Actinic prurigo of the lower lip. Review of the literature and report of five cases.
56  atriopeptin
(37 times)
Physiology
(13 times)
APir (2 times)
GFR (2 times)
mRNA (2 times)
1985 Differential structure-activity relationships of atrial peptides as natriuretics and renal vasodilators in the dog.
57  Andhra Pradesh
(36 times)
Public Health
(7 times)
MH (3 times)
CI (2 times)
DID (2 times)
2000 Genetic polymorphism of CYP2D6 in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh population in India.
58  acute pyelonephritis
(35 times)
Urology
(9 times)
cUTI (5 times)
UTI (4 times)
DMSA (3 times)
1994 [Determination of the level of urinary tract infection in children by antibodies coating bacteria from urinary sediment].
59  aortopulmonary
(35 times)
Cardiology
(19 times)
AV (2 times)
IAA (2 times)
LT (2 times)
1983 The surgical treatment of aortopulmonary window.
60  allopurinol
(33 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
XO (9 times)
OA (3 times)
UA (3 times)
1980 Enzymatic inhibition assay for fluorometric determination of allopurinol and oxipurinol in serum and urine.
61  acupuncture
(32 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
EA (3 times)
DA (2 times)
EAP (2 times)
1986 [Serotoninergic and catecholaminergic indices in patients with neurotic and depressive disorders and changes in them as a result of reflexotherapy].
62  alkaline protease
(32 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(13 times)
ELA (15 times)
CF (5 times)
ExoA (4 times)
1982 Extracellular toxins of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. III. Radioimmunoassay for detection of alkaline protease.
63  alkylphenols
(32 times)
Environmental Health
(23 times)
PAH (10 times)
PW (8 times)
BPA (5 times)
1997 Structural features of alkylphenolic chemicals associated with estrogenic activity.
64  4-aminophenol
(30 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
APP (5 times)
QI (5 times)
NP (4 times)
1988 Effects of administration of N-nitrosodialkylamines and N-nitrodiethylamine on hepatic UDP-glucuronosyltransferase activity in Wistar rats.
65  apigenin
(30 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
QU (5 times)
LU (4 times)
AC (2 times)
2001 Study of antioxidant effect of apigenin, luteolin and quercetin by DNA protective method.
66  attention problems
(30 times)
Psychiatry
(19 times)
ADHD (8 times)
AGG (8 times)
CBCL (8 times)
2000 A twin study of inattentive, aggressive, and anxious/depressed behaviors.
67  atypical parkinsonism
(30 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
PD (21 times)
PSP (9 times)
MSA (7 times)
2004 Caribbean parkinsonism and other atypical parkinsonian disorders.
68  2-antiplasmin
(27 times)
Vascular Diseases
(9 times)
AT (7 times)
PC (6 times)
PLG (6 times)
1984 Low molecular weight (LMW) heparin derivatives in experimental extra-corporeal circulation (ECC).
69  absolute power
(27 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
EEG (12 times)
RP (10 times)
MF (4 times)
1993 Correlation between computed tomography and voltage and current source density spectral EEG parameters in patients with brain lesions.
70  amylopectin
(27 times)
Carbohydrates
(10 times)
AM (12 times)
CL (4 times)
DP (4 times)
1996 Resistant starch as energy.
71  arterioportal
(27 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
HCC (8 times)
CT (6 times)
OS (2 times)
1986 Hepatic microcirculation of liver cirrhosis studied by corrosion cast/scanning electron microscope examination.
72  aspartic proteinase
(27 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
PSI (3 times)
MP (2 times)
PAGs (2 times)
1988 Theoretical calculations on the acidity of the active site in aspartic proteinases.
73  acute pneumonia
(26 times)
Therapeutics
(11 times)
AB (3 times)
DM (2 times)
AH (1 time)
1986 [Etiology of acute pneumonia occurring against a background of influenza and other acute respiratory viral infections].
74  apurinic-apyrimidinic
(26 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
BER (5 times)
MX (2 times)
TMZ (2 times)
1982 Repair of AP sites in DNA.
75  artificial perilymph
(26 times)
Audiology
(14 times)
BDNF (6 times)
ABR (5 times)
DPOAE (4 times)
1993 Effect of lymph composition on an in vitro preparation of the alligator lizard cochlea.
76  anterior pagoda
(25 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
CNS (5 times)
AE (4 times)
ECM (4 times)
1987 Optical recording of calcium and voltage transients following impulses in cell bodies and processes of identified leech neurons in culture.
77  apple pomace
(25 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
CA (3 times)
OP (3 times)
CP (2 times)
2008 Effects of dried and ensiled apple pomace from puree making on performance of finishing lambs.
78  alternative complement pathway
(24 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
aHUS (4 times)
EC (3 times)
CP (2 times)
1979 Activation of complement by Schistosoma mansoni schistosomula: killing of parasites by the alternative pathway and requirement of IgG for classical pathway activation.
79  arbitrarily primed
(24 times)
Microbiology
(17 times)
PCR (5 times)
ERIC (3 times)
ICU (3 times)
1992 Identification of Casuarina-Frankia strains by use of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with arbitrary primers.
80  apomorphine
(23 times)
Psychopharmacology
(17 times)
DA (4 times)
AM (2 times)
DOPAC (2 times)
1976 Influence of 6-hydroxydopamine on the behavioral effects induced by apomorphine or clonidine in rats.
81  antipsychotic drugs
(22 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
SGA (3 times)
9-OH-RIS (1 time)
ADRs (1 time)
1992 The relationship of antipsychotic drug use, behavior, and diagnoses among nursing home residents.
82  Asia-Pacific
(22 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
LA (7 times)
NA (6 times)
EU (3 times)
1998 Treatment of intertrochanteric fracture with the Gamma AP locking nail or by a compression hip screw--a randomised prospective trial.
83  atovaquone-proguanil
(22 times)
Tropical Medicine
(11 times)
ACT (3 times)
AL (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2000 Atovaquone plus proguanil versus halofantrine for the treatment of imported acute uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in non-immune adults: a randomized comparative trial.
84  apple proliferation
(21 times)
Botany
(6 times)
ESFY (4 times)
PD (3 times)
CalS (1 time)
1999 Chromosomal organization and nucleotide sequence of the genes coding for the elongation factors G and Tu of the apple proliferation phytoplasma.
85  auditory processing
(21 times)
Audiology
(14 times)
APD (7 times)
ADHD (2 times)
FM (2 times)
2002 The auditory processing battery: survey of common practices.
86  antiparallel
(20 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
Ala (4 times)
PLA (2 times)
BU (1 time)
1998 Effect of local sequence inversions on the crystalline antiparallel beta-sheet lamellar structures of periodic polypeptides: implications for chain-folding.
87  acupuncture points
(19 times)
Brain
(5 times)
AA (4 times)
NAP (4 times)
NAA (2 times)
1980 [PEP-1 multichannel electronic apparatus for electropuncture].
88  air pollution
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
PM (4 times)
IQR (3 times)
GCS (2 times)
1995 [Association of air pollution and mortality: a review of recent epidemiological studies].
89  anterior prostate
(19 times)
Endocrinology
(6 times)
VP (11 times)
DLP (5 times)
SV (5 times)
1995 Chemopreventive activity of tamoxifen, N-(4-hydroxyphenyl)retinamide, and the vitamin D analogue Ro24-5531 for androgen-promoted carcinomas of the rat seminal vesicle and prostate.
90  anterior-posterior dimension
(19 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
ML (4 times)
LA (3 times)
SF (3 times)
1975 Metacarpophalangeal joint implants. I. Roentgenographic study on the silastic finger joint implant, swanson design.
91  antimicrobial peptides
(19 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
DEFB1 (2 times)
LAP (2 times)
NTHi (2 times)
1999 Anionic antimicrobial peptide-lysozyme interactions in innate pulmonary immunity.
92  aprotinin
(19 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
TA (7 times)
CPB (3 times)
GFR (2 times)
1984 99mTc-aprotinin: a new tracer for kidney morphology and function.
93  atherosclerotic plaques
(19 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
CA (4 times)
CFA (2 times)
HR (2 times)
1998 Immunohistochemical localization of different epitopes of advanced glycation end products in human atherosclerotic lesions.
94  academic performance
(18 times)
Nursing
(3 times)
CRF (3 times)
PA (3 times)
BMI (2 times)
2000 The Effect of Gender and Age on Medical School Performance: An Important Interaction.
95  acetophenone
(18 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
PE (4 times)
BP (3 times)
1PE (2 times)
1986 Phosphorescence characteristics of acetophenone, benzophenone, p-aminobenzophenone and Michler's ketone in various environments.
96  adequate protein
(18 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
HP (10 times)
LP (6 times)
PEM (3 times)
1999 Effect of room temperature and dietary amino acid concentration on performance of lactating sows. NCR-89 Committee on Swine Management.
97  affinity purification
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
MS (6 times)
PPI (3 times)
Co-IP (2 times)
2010 Defining the budding yeast chromatin-associated interactome.
98  andrographolide
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
HO-1 (3 times)
AST (2 times)
DIAP (2 times)
2008 Analysis of urinary andrographolides and antioxidant status after oral administration of Andrographis paniculata leaf extract in rats.
99  atrioventricular pathway
(18 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
AVRT (6 times)
RF (3 times)
RFCA (2 times)
1983 Direct endocardial recording from an accessory atrioventricular pathway: localization of the site of block, effect of antiarrhythmic drugs, and attempt at nonsurgical ablation.
100  aluminium phosphate
(17 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
AH (4 times)
GTF (2 times)
AB (1 time)
1987 Oral immunization of humans with Streptococcus sobrinus glucosyltransferase.