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Abbreviation: APA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
aldosterone-producing adenoma
(500 times)
Endocrinology
(183 times)
PA (172 times)
IHA (114 times)
AVS (46 times)
1969 Activation of aldosterone secretion in primary aldosteronism.
American Psychological Association
(445 times)
Psychology
(192 times)
DSM (15 times)
PTSD (14 times)
IGD (13 times)
1979 [The new psychiatric classification. Scheme of I and II axials in the DSM-III classification soon to be approved by the American Psychiatric Association (APA)].
alternative polyadenylation
(267 times)
Molecular Biology
(63 times)
AS (26 times)
3'UTR (15 times)
3'UTRs (15 times)
2009 Alternative polyadenylation: a mechanism maximizing transcriptome diversity in higher eukaryotes.
antiphospholipid antibodies
(251 times)
Hematology
(44 times)
LA (44 times)
SLE (40 times)
ACA (37 times)
1988 Evaluation of lupus anticoagulants: antiphospholipid antibodies, endothelium associated immunoglobulin, endothelial prostacyclin secretion, and antigenic protein S levels.
aminopeptidase A
(143 times)
Biochemistry
(24 times)
RAS (31 times)
Ang II (24 times)
APN (23 times)
1982 Aminopeptidase A is angiotensinase A. II. Biochemical studies on aminopeptidase A and M in rat kidney homogenate.
anticipatory postural adjustments
(106 times)
Neurology
(30 times)
COP (20 times)
COM (11 times)
EMG (11 times)
1987 Biomechanical study of the programming of anticipatory postural adjustments associated with voluntary movement.
alginate-poly-L-lysine-alginate
(105 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(22 times)
PLL (8 times)
EPO (5 times)
TNF-alpha (4 times)
1994 Generation of alginate-poly-l-lysine-alginate (APA) biomicrocapsules: the relationship between the membrane strength and the reaction conditions.
action potential amplitude
(104 times)
Pharmacology
(61 times)
APD (46 times)
RMP (24 times)
ERP (22 times)
1982 Electromechanical effects of caroverine, a new slow-channel blockade, on the SA node cells of rabbit and atrial muscle fibers of rabbit and guinea pig.
alkaline phosphatase activity
(72 times)
Environmental Health
(41 times)
TP (9 times)
DOP (7 times)
SRP (4 times)
1979 [Development and differentiation of the rat epididymis. II: histochemical aspects of the peritubular zone].
10  alternative cleavage and polyadenylation
(45 times)
Genetics
(10 times)
3'UTRs (8 times)
C/P (4 times)
pA (4 times)
2009 Widespread shortening of 3'UTRs by alternative cleavage and polyadenylation activates oncogenes in cancer cells.
11  Atypical polypoid adenomyoma
(44 times)
Gynecology
(20 times)
MPA (2 times)
SMA (2 times)
TCR (2 times)
1995 Atypical polypoid adenomyoma of the uterus in a very old woman. Report of a case with immunohistochemical characterization of its stromal components and proliferative status.
12  adapted physical activity
(38 times)
Rehabilitation
(8 times)
BMI (4 times)
HRQoL (3 times)
QOL (3 times)
2007 Defining adapted physical activity: international perspectives.
13  antipituitary antibodies
(37 times)
Endocrinology
(26 times)
GHD (7 times)
AHA (5 times)
GH (5 times)
1991 [A study of anti-pituitary-antibodies in patients with hypopituitarism and their hereditary background].
14  action potential
(30 times)
Pharmacology
(15 times)
AP (10 times)
MDP (10 times)
RPF (10 times)
1988 Electromechanical effects of bPTH-(1-34) on rabbit sinus node cells and guinea pig papillary muscles.
15  Advanced paternal age
(29 times)
Psychiatry
(13 times)
SZ (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
2009 Advanced paternal age is associated with impaired neurocognitive outcomes during infancy and childhood.
16  antiplatelet agents
(27 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
AF (3 times)
AC (2 times)
ICH (2 times)
1998 Antiplatelet agents and survival: a cohort analysis from the Studies of Left Ventricular Dysfunction (SOLVD) trial.
17  ascending pharyngeal artery
(24 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
CCA (3 times)
ICA (3 times)
AVM (2 times)
2000 Modification of a previously described arteriovenous malformation model in the swine: endovascular and combined surgical/endovascular construction and hemodynamics.
18  AP amplitude
(23 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
AP (13 times)
APD (8 times)
APs (8 times)
1990 [The effects of midazolam on the mechanical and electrical properties of the isolated ventricular myocardium].
19  airborne-particle abrasion
(19 times)
Dentistry
(16 times)
SBS (6 times)
ANOVA (3 times)
SEM (3 times)
2004 Effect of denture base surface pretreatment on microleakage of a silicone-based resilient liner.
20  Abrus precatorius agglutinin
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
Con A (4 times)
HPA (4 times)
MPL (4 times)
1986 Ultraviolet difference spectroscopic studies on the saccharide-binding properties of Abrus precatorius agglutinin.
21  anticipatory
(14 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
CPA (10 times)
COP (9 times)
EMG (5 times)
1999 Chronology of upper limb anticipatory postural adjustments associated with voluntary wrist flexions and extensions in humans.
22  auricular point acupressure
(14 times)
Nursing
(6 times)
CLBP (5 times)
RCT (4 times)
CIN (3 times)
2012 Auricular point acupressure for chronic low back pain: a feasibility study for 1-week treatment.
23  antipolymer antibody
(10 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
FM (6 times)
ANA (3 times)
FIQ (2 times)
1997 Use of antipolymer antibody assay in recipients of silicone breast implants.
24  apamin
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
NO (4 times)
TEA (4 times)
4-AP (3 times)
1991 Repetitive firing properties of putative dopamine-containing neurons in vitro: regulation by an apamin-sensitive Ca(2+)-activated K+ conductance.
25  air-particle abrasion
(9 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
SBS (5 times)
HFA (2 times)
AP (1 time)
2006 Effects of surface conditioning on bond strength of metal brackets to all-ceramic surfaces.
26  alkaline phosphatase
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
ASA (2 times)
BSR (2 times)
CA (2 times)
1987 Kinetics of alkaline phosphatase activity and phosphorus availability for phytoplankton and bacterioplankton in lake plu\see (North German Eutrophic Lake).
27  anteroposterior axis
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
MLA (3 times)
PCA (2 times)
SHC (2 times)
1991 [Eyeball shape in children with emmetropia and myopia].
28  anti-PEG antibodies
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
PEG (4 times)
ELISA (2 times)
ACXR (1 time)
1999 Diagnostic approach of phospholipid-dependent antibodies. State-of-the art lecture.
29  auditory perceptual assessment
(9 times)
Otolaryngology
(5 times)
VPI (4 times)
ATH (2 times)
CP (2 times)
1996 Multidimensional analysis of speech of hearing impaired children.
30  1-aminooxy-3-aminopropane
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
DFMO (4 times)
ODC (3 times)
AdoMetDC (2 times)
1986 The effects of 1-aminooxy-3-aminopropane and S-(5'-deoxy-5'-adenosyl)methylthioethylhydroxylamine on ornithine decarboxylase and S-adenosyl-L-methionine decarboxylase from Escherichia coli.
31  Antiphospholipid-protein antibodies
(8 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
ACA (5 times)
LA (5 times)
APS (2 times)
1995 Protean clinical presentation of antiphospholipid-protein antibodies (APA).
32  antiplatelet antibodies
(8 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
ITP (2 times)
SLE (2 times)
ANAs (1 time)
1984 Effects of platelet depletion on the unanesthetized sheep's pulmonary response to endotoxemia.
33  acid phosphatase activity
(7 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
APase (1 time)
IHP (1 time)
MBP (1 time)
1991 Hymenolepis diminuta: further characterization of the membrane-bound acid phosphatase activity associated with the brush border membrane of the tapeworm's tegument.
34  additional prescribing authorization
(7 times)
Pharmacy
(6 times)
ADA's (1 time)
AF (1 time)
AHS (1 time)
2012 Survey of Alberta hospital pharmacists' perspectives on additional prescribing authorization.
35  anodic porous alumina
(7 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
CMC (1 time)
DNASER (1 time)
HQ (1 time)
2007 Anodic porous alumina as mechanical stability enhancer for LDL-cholesterol sensitive electrodes.
36  antiphospholipid antibody syndrome
(7 times)
Obstetrics
(1 time)
ACA (1 time)
IUGR (1 time)
KCT (1 time)
1990 [The prevalence of IgG anticardiolipin antibody at the anticoagulant clinic of the Ignacio ChavezNational Institute of Cardiology. I. Unselected population].
37  arylpropionic acid
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
NSAID (3 times)
NSAIDs (3 times)
Emax (1 time)
1996 Calculation of inversion half-lives of aryl propionic acid class nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs.
38  Association of Paediatric Anaesthetists
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(7 times)
BP (1 time)
IOH (1 time)
SBP (1 time)
2001 Aspiration and regurgitation prophylaxis in paediatric anaesthesia.
39  Academic Pediatric Association
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
AAP (1 time)
ESP (1 time)
PEH (1 time)
2008 Academic Pediatric Association (APA) presidential address: changing the world for children.
40  active place avoidance
(6 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AVD (1 time)
LTM (1 time)
LTP (1 time)
2010 Sexually dimorphic alterations in locomotion and reversal learning after adolescent tetrahydrocannabinol exposure in the rat.
41  alginate-poly-L-lysine
(6 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
MSCs (2 times)
ABa (1 time)
AC (1 time)
2000 [Biomicrocapsule membrane for cell and tissue transplantation].
42  Ambulatory Pediatric Association
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
AAP (1 time)
ACEP (1 time)
AGP (1 time)
1979 Postgraduate training in ambulatory pediatrics. Program evaluation.
43  arcuate premotor area
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
SMA (2 times)
VPLo (2 times)
CN (1 time)
1984 The origin of thalamic inputs to the arcuate premotor and supplementary motor areas.
44  atriopulmonary anastomosis
(6 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
TCPC (3 times)
EC (2 times)
LT (2 times)
1982 Atriopulmonary anastomosis.
45  atypical parathyroid adenoma
(6 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
PA (3 times)
PC (3 times)
PHPT (2 times)
2007 Intraoperative diagnosis and treatment of parathyroid cancer and atypical parathyroid adenoma.
46  6-aminopenicillanic acid
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AMP (1 time)
CC (1 time)
DX (1 time)
1964 METABOLIC CONTROL OF PENICILLINASE BIOSYNTHESIS IN BACILLUS CEREUS.
47  Abrus precatorius
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
MCA (2 times)
AD (1 time)
Con A (1 time)
1984 Flow cytometric analysis of the binding of eleven lectins to human T- and B-cells and to human T- and B-cell lines.
48  accessory pudendal artery
(5 times)
Urology
(2 times)
RP (2 times)
ADE (1 time)
CAA (1 time)
1999 Retrospective review of flow patterns following retropubic prostatectomy.
49  adaptive physical activity
(5 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
APACCHE (1 time)
HRVB (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
2008 Adaptive physical activity improves mobility function and quality of life in chronic hemiparesis.
50  annular phased array
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
EM (1 time)
EMF (1 time)
GBM (1 time)
1984 Theoretical temperature distributions produced by an annular phased array-type system in CT-based patient models.
51  apurinic acid
(5 times)
Histocytochemistry
(3 times)
DMSO (1 time)
DNA (1 time)
DNase (1 time)
1973 [The effect of apurinic acid (APA) on desoxyribonuclease (DNase) pattern of mouse leukemic cells].
52  atypical pituitary adenoma
(5 times)
Nervous System Diseases
(2 times)
LI (1 time)
LRA (1 time)
PAs (1 time)
2013 Incidence, hormonal distribution and postoperative follow up of atypical pituitary adenomas.
53  acid phosphatase assay
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ALP (1 time)
AO (1 time)
beta-TCP (1 time)
1999 Efficient inactivation of viruses and mycoplasma in animal sera using UVC irradiation.
54  acinar predominant adenocarcinoma
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
LPA (4 times)
PPA (4 times)
SPA (4 times)
2013 Histological subtypes of solitary pulmonary nodules of adenocarcinoma and their clinical relevance.
55  alternative poly(A)
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
CDS (1 time)
CLIP (1 time)
pA (1 time)
2014 Pilot genome-wide study of tandem 3' UTRs in esophageal cancer using high-throughput sequencing.
56  anti-Proteus antibodies
(4 times)
Rheumatology
(4 times)
PM (3 times)
RA (3 times)
ELISA (2 times)
1994 Anti-Proteus antibodies and Proteus organisms in rheumatoid arthritis: a clinical study.
57  AP Advance
(4 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
ATQ (1 time)
CLS (1 time)
DAB (1 time)
2011 Paramedic laryngoscopy in the simulated difficult airway: comparison of the Venner A.P. Advance and GlideScope Ranger video laryngoscopes.
58  Applied Pharmaceutical Analysis
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
ADCs (1 time)
2014 Applied Pharmaceutical Analysis India 2014 conference report.
59  Australian Physiotherapy Association
(4 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
AMA (1 time)
BPPV (1 time)
1998 An overview of the Australian Physiotherapy Association accredited practice data collection.
60  p-aminophenyldichloroarsine
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
BAPA (2 times)
DMPS (2 times)
AChRs (1 time)
1992 Aromatic trivalent arsenicals: covalent yet reversible reagents for the agonist binding site of nicotinic receptors.
61  2-anilinophenylacetate
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
BioMnOx (1 time)
DCF (1 time)
HDC (1 time)
2012 Diclofenac and 2-anilinophenylacetate degradation by combined activity of biogenic manganese oxides and silver.
62  absolute proton affinity
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
IHB (1 time)
2000 Absolute proton affinity of some polyguanides
63  acrosin proteolytic activity
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
IPL (1 time)
IPS (1 time)
PAGE (1 time)
1985 [Studies for development and clinical use of the simplified method of acrosin measurement by using gelatin substrate slides].
64  acute perforated appendicitis
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
AFA (1 time)
ANPA (1 time)
1976 Pneumoperitoneum and appendicitis.
65  Administrative Procedure Act
(3 times)
Jurisprudence
(3 times)
cGMP (1 time)
CMS (1 time)
EPA (1 time)
2009 Export of pharmaceuticals and medical devices under the federal Food, Drug & Cosmetic Act: FDA's striking change in interpretation post-Shelhigh.
66  aminopeptidase activity
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
Ang III (1 time)
AspAP (1 time)
1981 Proteolytic and Trypsin Inhibitor Activity in Germinating Jojoba Seeds (Simmondsia chinensis).
67  ampicilloic acid
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
AMA (3 times)
AMP (3 times)
AMX (3 times)
2010 Simultaneous determination of 11 antibiotics and their main metabolites from four different groups by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array-fluorescence (HPLC-DAD-FLD) in human urine samples.
68  anaplastic pilocytic astrocytoma
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
HGG (1 time)
JPA (1 time)
2011 Transformation of juvenile pilocytic astrocytoma to anaplastic pilocytic astrocytoma in patients with neurofibromatosis type I.
69  anti peroxide plasma activity
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
MDA (3 times)
AFO (1 time)
AOF (1 time)
1993 [Changes in free radicals and possibility of their correction in patients with bronchial asthma].
70  AP activity
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AP (3 times)
DIP (2 times)
DOP (2 times)
2012 Dissolved phosphorus pools and alkaline phosphatase activity in the euphotic zone of the Western north pacific ocean.
71  apalutamide
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
nmCRPC (3 times)
pts (2 times)
HRQoL (1 time)
2018 Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) after progressive disease (PD) in SPARTAN: A phase III trial of apalutamide (APA) versus placebo (PBO) in men with nonmetastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (nmCRPC).
72  apatite
(3 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
COM (2 times)
Cys (2 times)
UA (2 times)
1997 [The study on apatite castable glass-ceramics in composition and physicochemical properties].
73  apple-peel atresia
(3 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
JIA (1 time)
MA (1 time)
UC (1 time)
2004 Placental vascular compromise in jejunoileal atresia.
74  auditory perceptual assessment of speech
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
AHI (1 time)
OSA (1 time)
VPI (1 time)
2013 Effect of adenoid hypertrophy on the voice and laryngeal mucosa in children.
75  4-amino-4-deoxy-N10-methylpteroic acid
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
MTX (2 times)
DHFR (1 time)
1981 Methotrexate analogues. 13. Chemical and pharmacological studies on amide, hydrazide, and hydroxamic acid derivatives of the glutamate side chain.
76  absent pedal arch
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CPA (2 times)
IPA (2 times)
DAR (1 time)
2017 Pedal arch patency and not direct-angiosome revascularization predicts outcomes of endovascular interventions in diabetic patients with critical limb ischemia.
77  acetaminophen
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
Ala (1 time)
AST (1 time)
BIL (1 time)
2001 Combined effects of acetaminophen, isopropylantipyrine and caffeine on pregnant and nonpregnant liver.
78  acid pump antagonist
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
PPI (2 times)
ER (1 time)
H2RA (1 time)
1996 [Gastric acid secretion inhibitors: H2 receptor antagonists (H2RA), proton pump inhibitors (PPI) or acid pump antagonists (APA)].
79  acinar predominant
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
LPA (2 times)
SPA (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
2015 Close association of IASLC/ATS/ERS lung adenocarcinoma subtypes with glucose-uptake in positron emission tomography.
80  Adapted Physical Activities
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
ACT (1 time)
RSCI (1 time)
2015 Reference system of competence and engagement in adapted physical activities of people with recent spinal cord injury.
81  adenoma producer of aldosterone
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AVS (1 time)
HIA (1 time)
2011 Adrenal venous sampling is crucial before an adrenalectomy whatever the adrenal-nodule size on computed tomography.
82  adenosine 5'-phosphoramidate
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AMS (2 times)
APS (1 time)
APSST (1 time)
1988 Purification and general properties of AMP deaminase from sheep brain.
83  adjusted prognosis analysis
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BMs (1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2017 Establishment of an Adjusted Prognosis Analysis Model for Initially Diagnosed Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer With Brain Metastases From Sun Yat-Sen University Cancer Center.
84  adult pilocytic astrocytoma
(2 times)
Neurosurgical Procedures
(1 time)
DA (1 time)
2017 Genetic alterations related to BRAF-FGFR genes and dysregulated MAPK/ERK/mTOR signaling in adult pilocytic astrocytoma.
85  aerobic physical activity
(2 times)
Physical Exertion
(1 time)
--- 2013 Effect of aerobic exercise on cognition, academic achievement, and psychosocial function in children: a systematic review of randomized control trials.
86  affine projection algorithm
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
SL0 (1 time)
SL0-APA (1 time)
2008 Performance analysis of approximate Affine Projection Algorithm in acoustic feedback cancellation.
87  aflatoxin-producing ability
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CAM (1 time)
YES (1 time)
1988 Comparison of some screening methods for aflatoxigenic moulds.
88  agarose cross-linked polyacrylamide
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
DGT (2 times)
2016 Novel diffusive gradients in thin films technique to assess labile sulfate in soil.
89  air powder abrasive
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
HA (2 times)
BioCaP (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
2013 Cleaning and modification of intraorally contaminated titanium discs with calcium phosphate powder abrasive treatment.
90  air-entraining plasticizing admixture
(2 times)
--- 2020 Assessment of the Impact of Inaccuracy and Variability of Material and Selected Technological Factors on Physical and Mechanical Properties of Fresh Masonry Mortars and Plasters.
91  Akodon paranaensis
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
ACU (1 time)
AMO (1 time)
2009 Chromosome homologies of the highly rearranged karyotypes of four Akodon species (Rodentia, Cricetidae) resolved by reciprocal chromosome painting: the evolution of the lowest diploid number in rodents.
92  aldosterone producing adrenal tumor/aldosteronoma
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CPA (1 time)
HTN (1 time)
NAA (1 time)
2012 Persistent hypertension after adrenalectomy for an aldosterone-producing adenoma: weight as a critical prognostic factor for aldosterone's lasting effect on the cardiac and vascular systems.
93  alginate-PLL-alginate
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
PLL (1 time)
2002 Biocompatibility of microcapsules for cell immobilization elaborated with different type of alginates.
94  Allocation personnalisee d'autonomie
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
PCA (1 time)
2004 [A principal component analysis of the AGGIR scale in demented elderly patients].
95  alternative polyA site use
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
FANS (1 time)
polyA sites (1 time)
2012 Analysis of C. elegans intestinal gene expression and polyadenylation by fluorescence-activated nuclei sorting and 3'-end-seq.
96  ampicillanyl
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BPO (2 times)
APO (1 time)
AXA (1 time)
2005 Relationships between specific serum IgE, cytokines and polymorphisms in the IL-4, IL-4Ralpha in patients with penicillins allergy.
97  aneurysms of the pulmonary artery
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
IIS (1 time)
RV (1 time)
1987 Aneurysm of the pulmonary artery with cystic medial necrosis and massive pulmonary valvular insufficiency. Report of two successful surgical cases.
98  anterior perineal anus
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
ARM (1 time)
PF (1 time)
VF (1 time)
1988 [Diagnosis of anterior perineal anus (APA)--significance of electromyographic evaluation of the external anal sphincter location].
99  anterior petrosal approach
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
CS (1 time)
MC (1 time)
2010 Meckel's cave tumors: relation to the meninges and minimally invasive approaches for surgery: anatomic and clinical studies.
100  Anterior pituitary aplasia
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
array-CGH (1 time)
CO-MPHD (1 time)
MPHD (1 time)
2006 Congenital adenohypophysis aplasia: clinical features and analysis of the transcriptional factors for embryonic pituitary development.