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Abbreviation: APD
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Long forms: 249

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
action potential duration
(1630 times)
Cardiology
(736 times)
ERP (117 times)
AF (75 times)
EADs (73 times)
1969 Influence of glucose on the transmembrane action potential of papillary muscle. Effects of concentration, phlorizin and insulin, nonmetabolizable sugars, and stimulators of glycolysis.
automated peritoneal dialysis
(308 times)
Nephrology
(223 times)
CAPD (143 times)
PD (94 times)
HD (33 times)
1991 Indications and adequacy of automated peritoneal dialysis in 74 patients.
auditory processing disorder
(167 times)
Audiology
(87 times)
ADHD (9 times)
SLI (8 times)
AP (7 times)
2002 Behavioral characteristics of auditory processing disorder and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: predominantly inattentive type.
antisocial personality disorder
(131 times)
Psychiatry
(64 times)
BPD (14 times)
CD (14 times)
ADHD (5 times)
1988 Pharmacotherapy of borderline outpatients.
AP duration
(125 times)
Cardiology
(57 times)
AP (91 times)
APs (27 times)
AF (16 times)
1980 Effects of moderate hypoxia on action potential and contraction of rabbit ventricular muscle.
anteroposterior diameter
(106 times)
Urology
(24 times)
SFU (12 times)
TD (12 times)
CT (11 times)
1976 [The antero-posterior diameter of the cervical spinal canal in cervical spondylosis (author's transl)].
automated PD
(91 times)
Nephrology
(73 times)
PD (82 times)
CAPD (49 times)
UF (12 times)
1997 New perspectives for PD in acute renal failure related to new catheter techniques and introduction of APD.
avalanche photodiode
(81 times)
Biophysics
(41 times)
PET (6 times)
SiPM (5 times)
BER (4 times)
1980 Temporal and frequency response of avalanche photodiodes from noise measurements.
antipsychotic drug
(74 times)
Psychopharmacology
(27 times)
DA (8 times)
NMDA (8 times)
CLZ (6 times)
1986 Locus coeruleus norepinephrine-containing neurons: effects produced by acute and subchronic treatment with antipsychotic drugs and amphetamine.
10  aminohydroxypropylidene bisphosphonate
(70 times)
Medicine
(15 times)
EHDP (5 times)
PTH (2 times)
ABP (1 time)
1983 Comparative study of available medical therapy for hypercalcemia of malignancy.
11  avoidant personality disorder
(48 times)
Psychiatry
(25 times)
SP (11 times)
BPD (8 times)
GSP (7 times)
1991 The relationship of social phobia subtypes and avoidant personality disorder.
12  atypical parkinsonian disorders
(33 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
PD (23 times)
MSA (16 times)
PSP (16 times)
1998 Differential diagnosis of parkinsonism with [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose and PET.
13  aminopyrine N-demethylase
(25 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
p-NAD (6 times)
AH (5 times)
AHH (5 times)
1983 Destruction of hepatic mixed-function oxygenase parameters by CCl4 in rats following acute treatment with chlordecone, Mirex, and phenobarbital.
14  Acquired perforating dermatosis
(23 times)
Dermatology
(13 times)
DM (4 times)
CRF (2 times)
HR (2 times)
1996 Acquired perforating dermatosis in a British dialysis population.
15  accessory pancreatic duct
(17 times)
Gastroenterology
(14 times)
MPD (7 times)
ERP (6 times)
MIP (2 times)
1976 Endoscopic retrograde pancreatography: analysis of the normal pancreatogram.
16  Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis
(15 times)
Dermatology
(9 times)
ELISAs (1 time)
EM (1 time)
GHRA (1 time)
2002 Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis.
17  advanced Parkinson's disease
(14 times)
Parkinson Disease
(4 times)
LCIG (5 times)
DBS (3 times)
CATS (2 times)
2003 [Cost analysis in Italy of various strategies for the treatment of Parkinson disease in the advanced phase].
18  anti-Parkinson drug
(14 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
PD (6 times)
DDD (1 time)
DUSC (1 time)
1987 Studies on the prevalence of paralysis agitans by tracer methodology.
19  airflow perturbation device
(12 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(7 times)
IOS (2 times)
PVFM (2 times)
APD-Ri (1 time)
1999 Respiratory resistance measured by an airflow perturbation device.
20  afferent pupillary defect
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
IOFB (3 times)
ADEM (1 time)
AZOOR (1 time)
1987 The afferent pupillary defect in asymmetric glaucoma.
21  alkaline phosphodiesterase I
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
5'-NT (2 times)
ACR (2 times)
ADM (2 times)
1983 [Study of new antineoplastic antibiotics based on newly discovered action mechanisms].
22  avalanche photodetector
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
SNR (2 times)
BER (1 time)
BiCMOS (1 time)
2006 Saturation effects in heterodyne detection with Geiger-mode InGaAs avalanche photodiode detector arrays.
23  absolute percent difference
(9 times)
Physical Fitness
(2 times)
AG (1 time)
CGM (1 time)
CV (1 time)
1990 Genetic fingerprinting reflects population differentiation in the California Channel Island fox.
24  acid-peptic disease
(9 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
ARG (1 time)
CLD (1 time)
DS (1 time)
1978 [Results of a study of acute paretic diseases in children according to material from a epidemiologic examination of the foci].
25  anteroposterior dimension
(9 times)
Rehabilitation
(4 times)
LD (7 times)
CSA (4 times)
MLD (2 times)
1990 [Histological observation of mucous epithelium of rat antemolar palatal rugae--shape of epithelial-connective tissue junction and structural characteristics of basal and spinous cell layer].
26  acute peritoneal dialysis
(8 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
AKI (2 times)
ARF (1 time)
ATN (1 time)
2000 Glucose absorption in acute peritoneal dialysis.
27  antepartum depression
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(7 times)
PPD (6 times)
EPDS (3 times)
APA (1 time)
2008 Antepartum and postpartum exposure to maternal depression: different effects on different adolescent outcomes.
28  antropyloroduodenal
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
CCK (2 times)
GLP-1 (2 times)
IPPWs (2 times)
2005 Evaluation of interactions between CCK and GLP-1 in their effects on appetite, energy intake, and antropyloroduodenal motility in healthy men.
29  apparent protein digestibility
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
NPR (2 times)
PER (2 times)
AMEn (1 time)
1991 The effects of enzyme supplementation on the nutritive value of rye grain (Secale cereale) for the young broiler chick.
30  average pairwise distance
(8 times)
Virology
(4 times)
ACTG (1 time)
ASCT (1 time)
ATI (1 time)
2012 Higher HIV-1 genetic diversity is associated with AIDS and neuropsychological impairment.
31  abdominal paracentesis drainage
(7 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
SAP (5 times)
EN (1 time)
FFA (1 time)
2015 Predictors of percutaneous catheter drainage (PCD) after abdominal paracentesis drainage (APD) in patients with moderately severe or severe acute pancreatitis along with fluid collections.
32  Accredited Practising Dietitian
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
CVD (2 times)
AEP (1 time)
LDL (1 time)
2013 A randomised, controlled trial of a dietary intervention for adults with major depression (the "SMILES" trial): study protocol.
33  active personal dosemeters
(7 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(7 times)
APDS (1 time)
CNRTC/NEL (1 time)
KAP (1 time)
2008 Intercomparison of active personal dosemeters in interventional radiology.
34  antiplatelet drug
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
OAC (2 times)
AC (1 time)
ADP (1 time)
1982 Comparison between induced platelet aggregation and circulating platelet aggregates as platelet function tests in patients with transient ischemic attacks.
35  Adult Patient Database
(6 times)
Critical Care
(3 times)
AKI (1 time)
AKIN (1 time)
ANZ (1 time)
2008 A comparison of the RIFLE and AKIN criteria for acute kidney injury in critically ill patients.
36  aggregate patient data
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
IPD (5 times)
CM (1 time)
CNV (1 time)
2005 The strengths and limitations of meta-analyses based on aggregate data.
37  anteroposterior distance
(6 times)
Musculoskeletal Diseases
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
AHD (1 time)
APBI (1 time)
2006 Occlusal development in children of African American descent. Types of terminal plane relationships in the primary dentition.
38  antimicrobial peptide database
(6 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(2 times)
AMPs (3 times)
MRSA (2 times)
DASamP1 (1 time)
2004 APD: the Antimicrobial Peptide Database.
39  average percentage deviation
(6 times)
Pharmacy
(5 times)
JAM (1 time)
2003 An improved empirical model to calculate solute solubility in supercritical carbon dioxide.
40  acute patellar dislocation
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
MRI (2 times)
IKDC (1 time)
LPR (1 time)
2005 Second-look arthroscopy of cartilage changes of the patellofemoral joint, especially the patella, following acute and recurrent patellar dislocation.
41  adjusted prevalence difference
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CI (3 times)
aPR (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2010 Uterine leiomyomata associated with self-reported stress urinary incontinence.
42  (-)-beta-D-2-Aminopurine dioxolane
(4 times)
Anti-Bacterial Agents
(2 times)
DXG (3 times)
ACPD (2 times)
HBV (2 times)
1996 Pharmacokinetics of (-)-beta-D-2-aminopurine dioxolane and (-)-beta-D-2-amino-6-chloropurine dioxolane and their antiviral metabolite (-)-beta-D-dioxolane guanine in rhesus monkeys.
43  ambient pressure drying
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
CS (1 time)
DMF (1 time)
IPA (1 time)
2014 Structure of hydrophobic ambient-pressure-dried aerogels prepared by sonohydrolysis of tetraethoxysilane with additions of N,N-dimethylformamide.
44  ambulatory peritoneal dialysis
(4 times)
Nephrology
(4 times)
CAPD (2 times)
HD (2 times)
PD (2 times)
2003 Peritoneal dialysis catheter replacement: "save the patient and not the catheter".
45  angiogenic points density
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
TP (1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
2002 Angiogenesis and Bcl-2 protein expression in patients with endometrial carcinoma.
46  Antipsychotic drugs
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
5-HT (1 time)
DA (1 time)
LTCFs (1 time)
2002 Dopaminergic synapses in the matrix of the ventrolateral striatum after chronic haloperidol treatment.
47  anxious-phobic disorders
(4 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
BA (1 time)
HVS (1 time)
PA (1 time)
1997 [Typology of prolonged anxious-phobic disorders with agoraphobia].
48  atrial premature depolarization
(4 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
SACT (1 time)
SACTD (1 time)
SNE (1 time)
1970 The mechanism of supraventricular tachycardia.
49  1-hydroxy-3-aminopropylidenediphosphonate
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
APDDMP (1 time)
1999 Metal-ion speciation in blood plasma incorporating the bisphosphonate, 1-hydroxy-4-aminopropilydenediphosphonate (APD), in therapeutic radiopharmaceuticals.
50  acquired prolactin deficiency
(3 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
ACTH (1 time)
CDI (1 time)
GHD (1 time)
2003 Acquired prolactin deficiency indicates severe hypopituitarism in patients with disease of the hypothalamic-pituitary axis.
51  Advanced pulmonary disease
(3 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
HOT (1 time)
1991 Managing lung disease in late life: a new approach.
52  advanced-peak-determination
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
IDs (1 time)
MS (1 time)
TMT (1 time)
2018 Improved Precursor Characterization for Data-Dependent Mass Spectrometry.
53  air-powder polishing device
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
AFM (2 times)
SEM (1 time)
2011 Effect of two prophylaxis methods on adherence of Streptococcus mutans to microfilled composite resin and giomer surfaces.
54  anterior pancreaticoduodenal
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
PPD (3 times)
SM (2 times)
CH (1 time)
1997 Practical grouping of positive lymph nodes in pancreatic head cancer treated by an extended pancreatectomy.
55  APD group
(3 times)
Audiology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Reduced prefrontal gray matter volume and reduced autonomic activity in antisocial personality disorder.
56  aphidiconlin
(3 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
CC (2 times)
FC (2 times)
GC (2 times)
1987 A comparative mapping study of fragile sites in the human and murine genomes.
57  arc plasma deposition
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
MOF (1 time)
2012 High performance of hydrogen peroxide detection using Pt nanoparticles-dispersed carbon electrode prepared by pulsed arc plasma deposition.
58  Association of Professors of Dermatology
(3 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
ACA (1 time)
DP (1 time)
2009 The current state of dermatopathology education: a survey of the Association of Professors of Dermatology.
59  automated percutaneous discectomy
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
CN (1 time)
1992 Automated percutaneous discectomy: the role of the physical therapist.
60  3-amino-hydroxypropylidene 1,1 bisphosphonate pamidronate
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
RSV-F (1 time)
SV5-HN (1 time)
1993 Paramyxoviruses and Paget's disease.
61  absolute probability difference
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ACT (1 time)
GAW 16 (1 time)
MDR (1 time)
2014 Summarizing techniques that combine three non-parametric scores to detect disease-associated 2-way SNP-SNP interactions.
62  acellular porcine dermis
(2 times)
Regenerative Medicine
(1 time)
AHD (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
CG (1 time)
2005 The application of new biosynthetic artificial skin for long-term temporary wound coverage.
63  acid phase digesters
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ATAD (1 time)
CSTRs (1 time)
FOG (1 time)
2011 Effect of hydraulic retention time on pretreatment of blended municipal sludge.
64  action potential discharge
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
HR (1 time)
LSNA (1 time)
2011 Endogenous brain-derived neurotrophic factor in the nucleus tractus solitarius tonically regulates synaptic and autonomic function.
65  acute opioid physical dependence
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
HM (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2003 Withdrawal hyperalgesia after acute opioid physical dependence in nonaddicted humans: a preliminary study.
66  Advance Planning Document
(2 times)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
IT (1 time)
2010 State systems Advance Planning Document (APD) process. Final rule.
67  advanced periodontal disease
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
IMT (1 time)
LVEF (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2013 A retrospective cohort study on the association between periapical abscess, advanced periodontal disease, and the national oral health screening program among Korean adults.
68  agar plate diffusion
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
FSC (1 time)
GI (1 time)
1993 Antibacterial effectiveness of dentin bonding systems.
69  aggressive pecks delivered
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
APR (2 times)
FPD (2 times)
FPR (1 time)
2014 Genetic parameters for feather pecking and aggressive behavior in a large F2-cross of laying hens using generalized linear mixed models.
70  Alipurduar
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DAR (1 time)
JPG (1 time)
NDP (1 time)
2018 Multiple insecticide resistance mechanisms in primary dengue vector, Aedes aegypti (Linn.) from dengue endemic districts of sub-Himalayan West Bengal, India.
71  all the particles are different
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
LJ (1 time)
2015 Communication: pair interaction ordering in fluids with random interactions.
72  ammonium pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2012 Ammonium pyrrolidine dithiocarbamate and RS 102895 attenuate opioid withdrawal in vivo and in vitro.
73  amplitude, and duration
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AP (2 times)
1989 Electrophysiological effects of penticainide (CM 7857) in isolated human atrial and ventricular fibers.
74  amplitude-phase-distance
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
AFM (2 times)
FD (2 times)
2017 Unraveling capillary interaction and viscoelastic response in atomic force microscopy of hydrated collagen fibrils.
75  analytical photon distribution
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
DEW (1 time)
DI-SPECT (1 time)
2009 An APD-based iterative reconstruction method for simultaneous technetium-99m/iodine-123 SPECT imaging.
76  angiotensin pressor dose
(2 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
AII (1 time)
AST (1 time)
PIH (1 time)
1982 The value of the angiotensin sensitivity test in the early diagnosis of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy.
77  anterior pituitary hormone deficiencies
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
LCH (2 times)
CA (1 time)
CDI (1 time)
2012 Long-term outcome of hypothalamic pituitary tumors in Langerhans cell histiocytosis.
78  anterior primary division
(2 times)
Central Nervous System
(1 time)
CT (2 times)
DRG (1 time)
MRM (1 time)
2010 The role of computed tomography in the presurgical diagnosis of foraminal entrapment of lumbosacral junction.
79  anterior-posterior diameter of the spinal canal
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AUDAKUT (1 time)
fUTI (1 time)
PTA (1 time)
2012 Ethnic differences in pedicle and bony spinal canal dimensions calculated from computed tomography of the cervical spine: a review of the English-language literature.
80  approximate probability density
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
DHP (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
ESEM (1 time)
2007 Deconvolution of fluorescence spectra: contribution to the structural analysis of complex molecules.
81  associate program director
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
PD (2 times)
2018 Associate Program Directors in Surgery: A Select Group of Surgical Educators.
82  atypical PDZ domain
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
TRAPP (2 times)
LD (1 time)
2009 Crystal structure of human synbindin reveals two conformations of longin domain.
83  Auditory processing deficit
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
ORS (1 time)
2009 Effects of listening ability on speaking, writing and reading skills of children who were suspected of auditory processing difficulty.
84  autoimmune polyglandular disease
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
--- 1994 Autoantibodies to cytochrome P450 enzymes P450scc, P450c17, and P450c21 in autoimmune polyglandular disease types I and II and in isolated Addison's disease.
85  automatic pullback device
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
MPF (2 times)
RAS (1 time)
TRA (1 time)
2001 Measurement of radial artery spasm using an automatic pullback device.
86  Available pathways database
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ACD (1 time)
2000 Available pathways database (APD): an essential resource for combinatorial biology.
87  average parasite density
(2 times)
Cytodiagnosis
(1 time)
BMA (1 time)
HPS (1 time)
LD (1 time)
2011 A case series highlighting the relative frequencies of the common, uncommon and atypical/unusual hematological findings on bone marrow examination in cases of visceral leishmaniasis.
88  average perpendicular distance
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
DM (2 times)
LV (2 times)
CMR (1 time)
2015 Sparse group composition for robust left ventricular epicardium segmentation.
89  azigo portal disconnection
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
ICU (1 time)
MJI (1 time)
SMA (1 time)
1995 [Our experience in the management of portal cavernoma in children].
90  disodium-1-hydroxy-1-aminopropylidine-1,1-diphosphonate
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ALP (2 times)
HEDP (1 time)
PPase (1 time)
1994 [Implications of alkaline phosphatase pyrophosphatase activity: intracellular functions of alkaline phosphatase].
91  3-Allyl-2,4-pentanedione
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
--- 2004 [Study on the effect of alpha-allyl on luminescence properties of rare earth complexes with acetylacetone].
92  3-amino-1-hydroxypropylidene-1,1-diphosphonate disodium salt
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1989 3-Amino-1-hydroxypropylidene-1,1-diphosphonate (APD): a novel enhancer of rectal cefoxitin absorption in rats.
93  3-amino-hydroxypropylidene
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
CDV (1 time)
1993 Prevalence of canine distemper antibodies in the pagetic population.
94  4-alkyl-L-proline derivative
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
--- 2016 New Concept of the Biosynthesis of 4-Alkyl-L-Proline Precursors of Lincomycin, Hormaomycin, and Pyrrolobenzodiazepines: Could a gamma-Glutamyltransferase Cleave the C-C Bond?
95  4-aminophenyl diazonium cations
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
AuNPs (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2014 Spontaneous grafting: a novel approach to graft diazonium cations on gold nanoparticles in aqueous medium and their self-assembly on electrodes.
96  9-(beta-D-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl)-2-aminopurine
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
DXG (1 time)
HBV (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
1997 Biotransformation and pharmacokinetics of prodrug 9-(beta-D-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl)-2-aminopurine and its antiviral metabolite 9-(beta-D-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl)guanine in mice.
97  abdominal peritoneal disease
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
EOC (1 time)
GOG (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2011 The impact of disease distribution on survival in patients with stage III epithelial ovarian cancer cytoreduced to microscopic residual: a Gynecologic Oncology Group study.
98  Aberrant pancreas of the duodenal wall
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
DD (1 time)
2006 [Aberrant pancreas and duodenal diaphragm: an exceptional association].
99  accumulated power distance
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
ECS (1 time)
VMS (1 time)
2016 Distribution of Bottom Trawling Effort in the Yellow Sea and East China Sea.
100  Accumulated Propagation Distance
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
DOW-PR (1 time)
PDR (1 time)
PFN (1 time)
2018 DOW-PR DOlphin and Whale Pods Routing Protocol for Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks (UWSNs).