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Abbreviation: APF
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Long forms: 142

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
acidulated phosphate fluoride
(190 times)
Dentistry
(147 times)
SEM (18 times)
HF (14 times)
ArI (5 times)
1973 The effect on caries increments in dental students of topically applied acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF).
antiperinuclear factor
(76 times)
Rheumatology
(50 times)
RA (49 times)
RF (41 times)
AKA (36 times)
1965 [A NEW SERUM FACTOR IN PATIENTS WITH RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS: THE ANTIPERINUCLEAR FACTOR (APF)].
American Psychological Foundation
(53 times)
Psychology
(52 times)
APA (5 times)
MCO (1 time)
2008 Gold Medal Award for Life Achievement in the Application of Psychology.
antiproliferative factor
(45 times)
Urology
(19 times)
IC (20 times)
HB-EGF (10 times)
EGF (7 times)
2000 Percutaneous sacral third nerve root neurostimulation improves symptoms and normalizes urinary HB-EGF levels and antiproliferative activity in patients with interstitial cystitis.
arterioportal fistula
(30 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
DSA (2 times)
HCC (2 times)
PV (2 times)
1980 [Post-traumatic extrahepatic arterioportal fistula. A case with a spontaneously favourable course].
aminophenyl fluorescein
(28 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
ROS (7 times)
MPO (4 times)
HPF (3 times)
2006 Detection of N-nitrosomelatonin and other N-nitrosotryptophan derivatives by transnitrosation of APF and DAF-2.
after puparium formation
(17 times)
Embryology
(11 times)
PCD (3 times)
JH (2 times)
PSC (2 times)
1989 Development of adult sensilla on the wing and notum of Drosophila melanogaster.
alpha peak frequency
(11 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
EEG (5 times)
AAS (1 time)
AUD (1 time)
1997 Spectral EEG analysis following hemispheric stroke: evidences of transhemispheric diaschisis.
adherent perinephric fat
(10 times)
Urology
(8 times)
MAP (6 times)
PN (3 times)
RAPN (3 times)
2014 Mayo adhesive probability score: an accurate image-based scoring system to predict adherent perinephric fat in partial nephrectomy.
10  alveolar-pleural fistula
(10 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
PALs (4 times)
BPF (3 times)
PAL (2 times)
2010 Patient's home care management in persistent air leaks and chronic pneumothorax using a new drainage system.
11  Amicrobial pustulosis of the folds
(10 times)
Dermatology
(7 times)
IL (2 times)
AH (1 time)
LE (1 time)
2006 Review of literature on amicrobial pustulosis of the folds associated with autoimmune disorders.
12  assigned protection factor
(9 times)
Occupational Medicine
(8 times)
WPF (6 times)
ANSI (1 time)
BSI (1 time)
1992 A probability model for assessing exposure among respirator wearers: Part II-Overexposure to chronic versus acute toxicants.
13  anionic polypeptide fraction
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
acid (1 time)
apoA-I (1 time)
BAIF (1 time)
1985 Purification of the human anionic polypeptide fraction of the apo-bile lipoprotein complex by zonal ultracentrifugation.
14  Antarctic Polar Front
(8 times)
Biology
(3 times)
ACC (2 times)
mtDNA (1 time)
RFLP (1 time)
2004 Genetic structuring of Patagonian toothfish populations in the Southwest Atlantic Ocean: the effect of the Antarctic Polar Front and deep-water troughs as barriers to genetic exchange.
15  apically positioned flap
(8 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
FGG (4 times)
CE (1 time)
CTG (1 time)
1995 Uncovering labially impacted teeth: apically positioned flap and closed-eruption techniques.
16  aggregation-promoting factor
(7 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
PCR (1 time)
1997 Aggregation-promoting factor in human vaginal Lactobacillus strains.
17  advanced periductal fibrosis
(5 times)
Parasitology
(2 times)
CCA (5 times)
AS-PCR (1 time)
ES (1 time)
2013 Oxidized alpha-1 antitrypsin as a predictive risk marker of opisthorchiasis-associated cholangiocarcinoma.
18  ankle plantar flexor
(5 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
KE (2 times)
ADF (1 time)
AROM (1 time)
1984 Isokinetic strength in weight-trainers.
19  adverse pathologic features
(4 times)
Urology
(2 times)
PN (1 time)
PSM (1 time)
RO (1 time)
2002 High-grade dysplasia and invasive carcinoma in colorectal adenomas: a multivariate analysis of the impact of adenoma and patient characteristics.
20  apoplastic fluid
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PR-proteins (1 time)
2014 Effect of greenhouse conditions on the leaf apoplastic proteome of Coffea arabica plants.
21  acid-precipitable fraction
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
ASF (1 time)
PET (1 time)
PSR (1 time)
1993 Re-evaluation of amino acid PET studies: can the protein synthesis rates in brain and tumor tissues be measured in vivo?
22  anionic peptide factor
(3 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
PCs (2 times)
A-I (1 time)
BBMVs (1 time)
2002 Biliary anionic peptide fraction and apoA-I regulate intestinal cholesterol uptake.
23  anterior prostatic fat
(3 times)
Urology
(1 time)
RALP (2 times)
DVC (1 time)
LN (1 time)
2007 Anatomic excision of anterior prostatic fat at radical prostatectomy: implications for pathologic upstaging.
24  arterial peak flow
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
PAD (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
1975 Percutaneous catheterization of the femoral vessels in children. I. Influence on arterial peak flow and venous emptying rate in the calves.
25  artificial perilymphatic fluid
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
ABR (2 times)
Ad-hNGFbeta (1 time)
Ad-NT3 (1 time)
2002 [Safety of gene therapy within cochlea, experimental study with guinea pig].
26  atomic property field
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
QSAR (2 times)
GA (1 time)
LigBEnD (1 time)
2008 Atomic property fields: generalized 3D pharmacophoric potential for automated ligand superposition, pharmacophore elucidation and 3D QSAR.
27  2,5-bis(4-amidinophenyl)furan
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
DAPI (1 time)
1993 Binding of DAPI analogue 2,5-bis(4-amidinophenyl)furan to DNA.
28  abdominal plain film
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
LDCT (1 time)
NCT (1 time)
2006 Abdominal plain film in patients admitted with clinical suspicion of renal colic: should it be replaced by low-dose computed tomography?
29  acid Positional Fitness
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
MCA (1 time)
2004 A novel method for evaluation and screening of caspase inhibitory peptides by the amino acid positional fitness score.
30  acidulated phosphate fluoridated gel (Oral B)
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
GI (2 times)
1992 Effect of APF gel on a glass ionomer cement: an SEM study.
31  action potential frequency
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ARC (1 time)
GABA (1 time)
NPY (1 time)
2004 The regulation of glucose-excited neurons in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus by glucose and feeding-relevant peptides.
32  active power filter
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
A-F-HCC (1 time)
CPS-SPWM (1 time)
FLC (1 time)
2004 Carrier phase shifted SPWM based on current sourced multi-modular converter for active power filter.
33  adherence-promoting factor
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
GLE (1 time)
GRP (1 time)
1976 Cell to substratum adhesion-promoting activity released by normal and virus-transformed cells in culture.
34  adverse prognostic factors
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ASC (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
CR (1 time)
1998 High-dose melphalan, etoposide, and carboplatin followed by autologous stem-cell rescue in pediatric high-risk recurrent Wilms' tumor: a French Society of Pediatric Oncology study.
35  after petal fall
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
AZ (1 time)
BAP (1 time)
2005 Ethylene biosynthesis and perception in apple fruitlet abscission (Malus domestica L. Borck).
36  animal protein-free
(2 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
CER (1 time)
CHO (1 time)
CKC (1 time)
2005 Evaluation of serum- and animal protein-free media for the production of infectious bronchitis virus (M41) strain in a continuous cell line.
37  anionic polypeptide factor
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BS (1 time)
CH (1 time)
PL (1 time)
1999 Effects of dexamethasone and linoleic acid on hepatic secretion of biliary lipids and anionic polypeptide factor: In vivo and in vitro studies.
38  antegrade pulmonary blood flow
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
PAB (1 time)
2008 Transcatheter occlusion of antegrade pulmonary flow in children after cavopulmonary anastomosis.
39  anterior-posterior fusion
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
TLIF (2 times)
ALIF (1 time)
PLIF (1 time)
2009 Salvage procedures for pseudarthrosis after transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF)-anterior-only versus anterior-posterior surgery: a clinical and radiological outcome study.
40  antiphagocytic factor
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
TPB (2 times)
BSA (1 time)
CDM (1 time)
1973 An antiphagocytic factor associated with group E streptococcus.
41  antiproliferative
(2 times)
Pharmacognosy
(1 time)
APM (1 time)
DCM (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2014 Antiproliferative activity of Vallaris glabra Kuntze (Apocynaceae).
42  Aorto-pulmonary fistula
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
--- 2013 Iatrogenic aortopulmonary fistula occurring after pulmonary artery balloon angioplasty: a word of caution.
43  apoferritin
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
DOC (1 time)
DOX (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
2015 Dragon fruit-like biocage as an iron trapping nanoplatform for high efficiency targeted cancer multimodality imaging.
44  arteriopelvic fistula
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
CT (1 time)
PCNL (1 time)
TAE (1 time)
1999 Non-traumatic renal arteriopelvic fistula.
45  artificial potential field
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
FSR (1 time)
LRF (1 time)
2006 Rendering of virtual fixtures for MIS using generalized sigmoid functions.
46  assessed for antiproliferative
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
DCM (2 times)
RSA (2 times)
TAC (2 times)
2011 Assessment of antiproliferative and antiplasmodial activities of five selected Apocynaceae species.
47  atmospheric pressure fluctuations, attributed to the far infrasound frequency range
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
DHA (1 time)
EEC (1 time)
ME (1 time)
2007 The effects of slight pressure oscillations in the far infrasound frequency range on the pars flaccida in gerbil and rabbit ears.
48  Auramine phenol fluorescence
(2 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
AFS (1 time)
2012 Prevalence of parasites in patients with gastroenteritis at East of Mazandaran Province, Northern Iran.
49  australian Pharmaceutical Formulary
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
USP (1 time)
1977 Syrup of ipecacuanha as an emetic in adults.
50  avoidance of prelacteal feeds
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
CBF (2 times)
EBF (2 times)
EIBF (2 times)
2018 Trends and predictors of optimal breastfeeding among children 0-23 months, South Asia: Analysis of national survey data.
51  4-aminophenyl-beta-l-fucopyranoside
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
ABC (1 time)
APM (1 time)
DPF (1 time)
2018 Use of Dual-Ligand Modification in Kupffer Cell-Targeted Liposomes To Examine the Contribution of Kupffer Cells to Accelerated Blood Clearance Phenomenon.
52  A, P, and F
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
NF-kappaB (1 time)
TGF-beta1 (1 time)
2015 Combination of active components of Xiexin decoction ameliorates renal fibrosis through the inhibition of NF-kappaB and TGF-beta1/Smad pathways in db/db diabetic mice.
53  A. polygama fructus extract
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CsA (1 time)
IL (1 time)
2006 Inhibitory effects of Actinidia polygama extract and cyclosporine A on OVA-induced eosinophilia and bronchial hyperresponsiveness in a murine model of asthma.
54  abdominopelvic failure
(1 time)
Genital Neoplasms, Female
(1 time)
APFFS (1 time)
EOC (1 time)
FIGO (1 time)
2013 Risk stratification of abdominopelvic failure for FIGO stage III epithelial ovarian cancer patients: implications for adjuvant radiotherapy.
55  Abrus polysaccharides fractions
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
FT-IR (1 time)
GC (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2016 The Effects of Different Purifying Methods on the Chemical Properties, in Vitro Anti-Tumor and Immunomodulatory Activities of Abrus cantoniensis Polysaccharide Fractions.
56  absence of positive factors
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
HSCL-10 (1 time)
PNF (1 time)
2006 Depressive symptoms in adolescent pupils are heavily influenced by the school they go to. A study of 10th grade pupils in Oslo, Norway.
57  acidulated phosphate F
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
FD (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2011 APF and dentifrice effect on root dentin demineralization and biofilm.
58  Acquired periungual fibrokeratoma
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 2007 Acquired periungual fibrokeratoma: a case report.
59  action potential discharging frequency
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
APA (1 time)
DON (1 time)
OS (1 time)
2003 [Effect of deoxynivalenol on action potentials of cultured cardiomyocytes and the protective effects of selenium].
60  acute progressive form
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
CIOF (2 times)
CMF (1 time)
PbAg (1 time)
1985 Correlation between cell-mediated immunity and clinical forms of paracoccidioidomycosis.
61  adaptation plate fixation
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
--- 2000 The management of laryngeal fractures using internal fixation.
62  adaptive polynomial fit
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1999 Noise reduction of renograms: a new algorithm applied to simulated renograms for evaluation of the renal retention function.
63  Adaptive Predictor Filter
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
ANC (1 time)
DWT (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
2014 Automatic identification and removal of ocular artifacts in EEG--improved adaptive predictor filtering for portable applications.
64  additional pathologic findings
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
CTPA (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2012 Age-related incidence of pulmonary embolism and additional pathologic findings detected by computed tomography pulmonary angiography.
65  additional pulmonary forward flow
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AVVR (1 time)
BCPS (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2015 Forward Flow Through the Pulmonary Valve After Bidirectional Cavopulmonary Shunt Benefits Patients at Fontan Operation.
66  Adherent perirenal fat
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
RPN (1 time)
2015 Analysis of the impact of adherent perirenal fat on peri-operative outcomes of robotic partial nephrectomy.
67  adiabatic full-passage
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CSDE (1 time)
GBM (1 time)
LASER (1 time)
2008 Short echo time 1H-MRSI of the human brain at 3T with minimal chemical shift displacement errors using adiabatic refocusing pulses.
68  advanced pectoral flap
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
FJR (1 time)
TPL (1 time)
2018 Prevention of anastomotic leak using an advanced pectoral flap in total pharyngolaryngectomy and free jejunal reconstruction for hypopharyngeal or laryngeal carcinoma.
69  Advanced Practice Framework
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
2017 How Do Pharmacists Develop into Advanced Level Practitioners? Learning from the Experiences of Critical Care Pharmacists.
70  aerial packing fraction
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2007 Self-assembly of monolayer-thick alumina particle-epoxy composite films.
71  affinity-purified fraction
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
IgG-ELISA (1 time)
1992 Specificity of affinity-purified Trichinella spiralis antigens.
72  aging-promoting factor
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
CCs (1 time)
COCs (1 time)
DOs (1 time)
2008 Cumulus cells accelerate aging of mouse oocytes by secreting a soluble factor(s).
73  air pouch fluid
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2011 Drug targeting to inflammation: studies on antioxidant surface loaded diclofenac liposomes.
74  Alaska pollock frame
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2012 Purification and identification of immunomodulating peptides from enzymatic hydrolysates of Alaska pollock frame.
75  albumin proximal factor
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
vAPF (1 time)
1988 A liver-specific factor essential for albumin transcription differs between differentiated and dedifferentiated rat hepatoma cells.
76  Alcohol-Problem-Free
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
MAST (1 time)
1994 [Alcohol abusers 12 years after hospitalization].
77  algogenic-induced paw flexion
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BK (1 time)
i.pl (1 time)
NSAIDs (1 time)
2006 NSAID zaltoprofen possesses novel anti-nociceptive mechanism through blockage of B2-type bradykinin receptor in nerve endings.
78  all-pass filter
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2006 Mode conversion losses in silicon-on-insulator photonic wire based racetrack resonators.
79  allopurinol and FSH treatment group
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
FSH (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2014 Evaluation effects of allopurinol and FSH on reduction of ischemia-reperfusion injury and on preservation of follicle after heterotopic auto-transplantation of ovarian tissue in mouse.
80  alpha-fetoprotein
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
CLD (1 time)
Eff (1 time)
1989 Efficiency of composite laboratory tests in the diagnosis of liver malignancies.
81  American Pain Foundation
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
--- 2011 Breakthrough cancer pain: mending the break in the continuum of care.
82  American Pathology Foundation
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
APC (1 time)
ASCP (1 time)
PRODS (1 time)
2011 A consensus curriculum for laboratory management training for pathology residents.
83  Aminosyn PF
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
PN (1 time)
PNAC (1 time)
TA (1 time)
2003 Increased incidence of parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis with aminosyn PF compared to trophamine.
84  Aminosyn PF alone
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 1999 Aromatic amino acids are utilized and protein synthesis is stimulated during amino acid infusion in the ovine fetus.
85  amphophilic cell foci
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
DHEA (1 time)
GSF (1 time)
NNM (1 time)
1998 Differential expression of key enzymes of energy metabolism in preneoplastic and neoplastic rat liver lesions induced by N-nitrosomorpholine and dehydroepiandrosterone.
86  amplitude for principle frequency
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
BMD (1 time)
FB (1 time)
PF (1 time)
2017 Correlation between ultrasonic power spectrum and bone density on the heel.
87  androgen-production factor
(1 time)
Reproduction
(1 time)
DOR (1 time)
FOR (1 time)
2013 Is androgen production in association with immune system activation potential evidence for existence of a functional adrenal/ovarian autoimmune system in women?
88  aneurysm/pseudoaneurysm formation
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
AVFs (1 time)
2012 Surgical treatment modalities for complicated aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms of arteriovenous fistulas.
89  Angelica polysaccharide fractions
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
HLPC (1 time)
PMP (1 time)
2005 Analysis of the monosaccharide components in Angelica polysaccharides by high performance liquid chromatography.
90  animal protein factor
(1 time)
Vitamins
(1 time)
--- 1956 [Essential amino acid content of crude casein and of casein deprived of animal protein factor (APF)].
91  ankle joint plantar flexion
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
DMD (1 time)
HF (1 time)
KF (1 time)
2018 Lower extremity joint contracture according to ambulatory status in children with Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
92  ankle plantar flexor muscles
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
A/P (1 time)
COM (1 time)
PF (1 time)
2002 Are stance ankle plantar flexor muscles necessary to generate propulsive force during human gait initiation?
93  anterior palatal fistula
(1 time)
Surgery, Oral
(1 time)
--- 2016 Treatment modalities for surgical management of anterior palatal fistula: Comparison of various techniques, their outcomes, and the factors governing treatment plan: A retrospective study.
94  anterior partial fundoplication
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
GERD (1 time)
LES (1 time)
2004 The effect of total and anterior partial fundoplication on antireflux mechanisms of the gastroesophageal junction.
95  anterior petroclinoid fold
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Surgically Clipping a Posterolaterally Projecting Posterior Communicating Artery Aneurysm With Anterior Petroclinoid Fold Fenestration.
96  anterior petroclinoidal dural fold
(1 time)
Neurosurgical Procedures
(1 time)
ACP (1 time)
IC-PC (1 time)
PcomA (1 time)
2018 The Microsurgical Relationships between Internal Carotid-Posterior Communicating Artery Aneurysms and the Skull Base.
97  anterior plate fixation
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ACDF (1 time)
COMI (1 time)
GTO (1 time)
2015 The influence of cervical plate fixation with either autologous bone or cage insertion on radiographic and patient-rated outcomes after two-level anterior cervical discectomy and fusion.
98  anterior prefrontal
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
FA (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2014 Frontolimbic brain networks predict depressive symptoms in temporal lobe epilepsy.
99  anterior-posterior ground-body forces
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
COP (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
EVS (1 time)
2017 Vestibular control of standing balance is enhanced with increased cognitive load.
100  anterior-posterior interbody fusion
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
ALIF (1 time)
LIF (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
2014 Comparison of complications, costs, and length of stay of three different lumbar interbody fusion techniques: an analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample database.