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Abbreviation: APL
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Long forms: 142

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
acute promyelocytic leukemia
(3417 times)
Hematology
(1402 times)
ATRA (1215 times)
AML (417 times)
ATO (322 times)
1974 Acute promyelocytic leukaemia.
altered peptide ligand
(110 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(66 times)
TCR (23 times)
EAE (15 times)
MS (12 times)
1995 The effects of natural altered peptide ligands on the whole blood cytotoxic T lymphocyte response to human immunodeficiency virus.
abductor pollicis longus
(88 times)
General Surgery
(29 times)
EPB (31 times)
EPL (10 times)
FCR (8 times)
1978 Motor unit estimation in a muscle supplied by the radial nerve.
Atrichia with papular lesions
(25 times)
Dermatology
(18 times)
hr (16 times)
AUC (2 times)
VDR (2 times)
1998 Atrichia with papular lesions maps to 8p in the region containing the human hairless gene.
aminophospholipid
(17 times)
Microbiology
(9 times)
PE (10 times)
PL (6 times)
DPG (5 times)
1992 Effect of different phospholipid-cholesterol membrane compositions on liposome-mediated formation of calcium phosphates.
acquired partial lipodystrophy
(14 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
CGL (8 times)
FPLD (5 times)
AGL (4 times)
2002 Serum adiponectin and leptin levels in patients with lipodystrophies.
association in the presence of linkage
(14 times)
Genetics, Medical
(7 times)
PDT (6 times)
FBAT (2 times)
IBD (2 times)
2003 Accounting for linkage in family-based tests of association with missing parental genotypes.
adjustable pressure-limiting
(12 times)
Anesthesiology
(7 times)
CPAP (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
FGF (1 time)
2002 A survey of the anesthesia scavenging systems in a teaching hospital.
allosteric potentiating ligand
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
AD (4 times)
nAChR (4 times)
nAChRs (3 times)
1997 Allosteric modulation of Torpedo nicotinic acetylcholine receptor ion channel activity by noncompetitive agonists.
10  anterior paired lateral
(12 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
MB (6 times)
DPM (4 times)
ARM (3 times)
2009 The GABAergic anterior paired lateral neuron suppresses and is suppressed by olfactory learning.
11  accreditation of prior learning
(8 times)
Nursing
(6 times)
APEL (3 times)
BSc (1 time)
CATS (1 time)
1992 APL: a corporate strategy.
12  anterior-posterior length
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
CSA (2 times)
LTW (2 times)
PCA (2 times)
2009 Measurement of rotational alignment of the distal femur in total knee arthroplasty.
13  aplaviroc
(8 times)
Virology
(4 times)
AEs (2 times)
CCR5 (2 times)
EFV (2 times)
2006 The effects of ritonavir and lopinavir/ritonavir on the pharmacokinetics of a novel CCR5 antagonist, aplaviroc, in healthy subjects.
14  accidental puncture or laceration
(7 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
PSIs (4 times)
PPV (3 times)
AHRQ (2 times)
2005 Resident work hour limits and patient safety.
15  acute promyelocytic
(7 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
AML (4 times)
ATRA (3 times)
13-trans RA (1 time)
1994 Induction of differentiation of promyelocytic NB4 cells by retinoic acid is associated with rapid increase in urokinase activity subsequently downregulated by production of inhibitors.
16  antiphospholipid syndrome
(7 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
SLE (3 times)
ACA (1 time)
aCL (1 time)
2000 Anti-centromere antibodies as a marker of Raynaud's phenomenon in pediatric rheumatologic diseases.
17  autologous platelet lysate
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
BCP (2 times)
DBBM (2 times)
0.35-fold (1 time)
2006 Effects of autologous platelet lysates on ceramic particle resorption and new bone formation in critical size defects: the role of anatomical sites.
18  Acquired progressive lymphangioma
(6 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
--- 1994 Acquired progressive lymphangioma.
19  Adper Prompt L-Pop
(5 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
SMP (2 times)
AQP (1 time)
ASB (1 time)
2005 Micro-shear bond strength of five single-step adhesives to dentin.
20  alkaline peroxide lignin
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
ADIA (2 times)
DMD (2 times)
FO (2 times)
1988 Evaluation of internal markers isolated by alkaline hydrogen peroxide incubation and acid detergent lignin extraction.
21  amprolium
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BC (1 time)
CAP (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1997 Rapid and sensitive determination of amprolium in chicken plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography with post-column reaction.
22  analog photonic link
(5 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
SFDR (2 times)
ATS (1 time)
DPPolM (1 time)
2012 Linearized analog photonic links based on a dual-parallel polarization modulator.
23  area per lipid
(5 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
MD (2 times)
AOT (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2008 Membrane curvature and surface area per lipid affect the conformation and oligomeric state of HIV-1 fusion peptide: a combined FTIR and MD simulation study.
24  arterial pressure lability
(5 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
SAD (5 times)
MAP (4 times)
AD (1 time)
1990 Arterial pressure responses to adrenoceptor antagonism in rats with sino-aortic deafferentation.
25  above poverty line
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
BPL (3 times)
ENDIRA (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2015 Cost of care: a study of patients hospitalized for treatment of psychotic illness.
26  aminophylline
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
AS (3 times)
BY (3 times)
COPD (3 times)
2015 Bufei Yishen granule combined with acupoint sticking improves pulmonary function and morphormetry in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease rats.
27  anoperineal lesions
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
CD (2 times)
ARSCD (1 time)
CR (1 time)
1991 [Local surgical treatment of anal-perineal lesions in Crohn's disease. Retrospective study of 68 cases].
28  antibodies to phospholipids
(4 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
Abs (1 time)
APLS (1 time)
beta2GP (1 time)
1992 [Role of antiphospholipid antibodies in fetal loss].
29  apelin
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
AVP (1 time)
BAT (1 time)
2008 Early and late effects of cardiac resynchronization therapy on force-frequency relation and contractility regulating gene expression in heart failure patients.
30  artificial pump-lung
(4 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
CFD (1 time)
RV (1 time)
2012 Thirty-day in-vivo performance of a wearable artificial pump-lung for ambulatory respiratory support.
31  atypical polyclonal lymphoproliferation
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
EBV (2 times)
HHV-6 (2 times)
ML (1 time)
1988 Diagnosis and differential diagnosis of progressive lymphoproliferation and malignant lymphoma in persistent active herpesvirus infection.
32  autologous peripheral lymphocytes
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
AM (3 times)
CO (3 times)
ILD (3 times)
1988 Suppressor cell activity of human alveolar macrophages in interstitial lung diseases.
33  2-antiplasmin
(3 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
PLG (2 times)
DIC (1 time)
MAC (1 time)
1985 Impaired fibrinolysis after kidney transplantation.
34  abductor pollicis longus muscle
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
--- 1992 Significance of the innervation pattern of the human abductor pollicis longus muscle.
35  adult performance level
(3 times)
Science
(2 times)
ABLE (1 time)
RA (1 time)
SA (1 time)
1978 Literacy skills of long-term hospitalized mental patients.
36  Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
TC (2 times)
FC (1 time)
LPL (1 time)
2014 Glucosidase inhibitory activity and antioxidant activity of flavonoid compound and triterpenoid compound from Agrimonia Pilosa Ledeb.
37  Andrographis paniculata leaves
(3 times)
Animal Diseases
(2 times)
APW (2 times)
AP (1 time)
LTL (1 time)
2014 Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Meat Yield of Boer Goats Fed Diets Containing Leaves or Whole Parts of Andrographis paniculata.
38  Aplidin
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AML (1 time)
MRM (1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
2004 Determination of aplidin, a marine-derived anticancer drug, in human plasma, whole blood and urine by liquid chromatography with electrospray ionisation tandem mass spectrometric detection.
39  Applied Physics Laboratory
(3 times)
Science
(2 times)
NEAR (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CONTOUR (1 time)
2004 Background and applications of astrodynamics for space missions of the johns hopkins applied physics laboratory.
40  aseptic prosthesis loosening
(3 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
ICSS (1 time)
OA (1 time)
2001 Development and characteristics of a synovial-like interface membrane around cemented tibial hemiarthroplasties in a novel rat model of aseptic prosthesis loosening.
41  acid pretreatment liquor
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
HMF (1 time)
PHAs (1 time)
PHBV (1 time)
2016 Production and characterization of poly(3-hydroxy butyrate-co-3 hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) by a novel halotolerant mangrove isolate.
42  acute protein load
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
GFR (2 times)
FC (1 time)
HPD (1 time)
1991 The effect of acute and chronic protein loading on urinary pepsinogen A excretion.
43  adenosine plasma level
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
HUT (1 time)
NMS (1 time)
2012 Adenosine plasma level and A2A adenosine receptor expression: correlation with laboratory tests in patients with neurally mediated syncope.
44  advanced precancerous lesions
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ACN (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
FGF-21 (1 time)
2013 Advanced precancerous lesions (APL) in the colonic mucosa.
45  allopurinol
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
DEF (1 time)
NS (1 time)
1988 Experimental pharmacologic cerebroprotection.
46  ALTERED PHLOEM DEVELOPMENT
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
AtAUR2 (1 time)
VND6 (1 time)
XDI (1 time)
2003 APL regulates vascular tissue identity in Arabidopsis.
47  anteroposterior and lateral
(2 times)
Pain Management
(1 time)
CESI (1 time)
CLO (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2012 Detection of periprosthetic osteolysis around total knee arthroplasties an in vitro study.
48  antiphospholipid-antibody syndrome
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
--- 1998 [Surgical treatment of aseptic bone necroses of both knee joints in antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APL) by synovectomy, arthrolysis and arthroplasty].
49  antiplatelet
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
ACEI (1 time)
ADL (1 time)
2006 Antiplatelets, ACE inhibitors, and statins combination reduces stroke severity and tissue at risk.
50  arterial pseudolesions
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
HPI (1 time)
2017 Arterio-portal shunts in the cirrhotic liver: perfusion computed tomography for distinction of arterialized pseudolesions from hepatocellular carcinoma.
51  artificial perilymph
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
APL-CHA (1 time)
BDDE (1 time)
CAPs (1 time)
2003 The simultaneous in vivo perilymphatic perfusion of avian auditory and vestibular end organs.
52  aspheric polydimethylsiloxane lens
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
APLMC (1 time)
DFFL (1 time)
LAL (1 time)
2015 Novel dual-function lens with microscopic and vari-focus capability incorporated with an aberration-suppression aspheric lens.
53  aspirin + pylorus ligation
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
AL (1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
2007 Antiulcer and in vitro antioxidant activities of Jasminum grandiflorum L.
54  average path length
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
DPAD (1 time)
EHRNs (1 time)
OCTRI (1 time)
2008 Discovering synergistic qualities of published authors to enhance translational research.
55  hypergranular promyelocytic leukemia
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
1978 Hypergranular promyelocytic leukemia (APL): cytogenetic and ultrastructural specificity.
56  A. phagocytophilum-like
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Molecular detection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum-like Anaplasma spp. and pathogenic A. Phagocytophilum in cattle from South Korea.
57  A. pyogenes-like
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1998 Biochemical and biological characterizations and ribotyping of Actinomyces pyogenes and Actinomyces pyogenes-like organisms from liver abscesses in cattle.
58  abandoned pacemaker lead
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Is there an adverse outcome from abandoned pacing leads?
59  absolute peak latency
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BAER (1 time)
IPL (1 time)
SGA (1 time)
2003 Brainstem auditory evoked responses in term small for gestational age newborn infants born to undernourished mothers.
60  accessory palmaris longus
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
--- 2006 Epifascial accessory palmaris longus muscle.
61  acetylated PL
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
PL (1 time)
SDS (1 time)
1989 Solid-phase immunoassay of serum antibodies to peptides. Covalent antigen binding to adsorbed phenylalanine-lysine copolymers.
62  activities of methanol extracts prepared from the leaf
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CIP (1 time)
EPI (1 time)
ERY (1 time)
2019 Antibacterial and Antibiotic Modifying Potential of Crude Extracts, Fractions, and Compounds from Acacia polyacantha Willd. against MDR Gram-Negative Bacteria.
63  Acute Pain Level
(1 time)
DEX (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2018 Analgesic efficacy of preoperative dexketoprofen trometamol: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
64  acute pancreatic lesion
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
PAR-2 (1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
2001 Expression of proteinase-activated receptor 2 during taurocholate-induced acute pancreatic lesion development in Wistar rats.
65  acute physical load
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2012 [Adaptation to hypoxia and hyperoxia improves physical endurance: the role of reactive oxygen species and redox-signaling].
66  acute plasmablastic leukemia
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
MM (1 time)
1986 [Acute plasmablastic leukemia in multiple myeloma].
67  acute PML
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PML (1 time)
2013 Newly Identified Roles of PML in Stem Cell Biology.
68  acute promyelocytic subtype of AML
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
2002 The T-lineage-affiliated CD2 gene lies within an open chromatin environment in acute promyelocytic leukemia cells.
69  acute pulmonary lesions
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
RM (1 time)
2004 [An algorithm of respiratory management in the complex treatment and prevention of acute pulmonary lesions in patients with impairments of the central nervous system].
70  Adaptive Profiling
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 Miniaturized screening technologies for drug discovery.
71  additional paternity leave
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
OPL (1 time)
2013 Paternity leave experiences of NHS doctors.
72  adjustable pressure release
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
CGO (1 time)
1996 Oxygen flow through nasal cannulae.
73  Advanced Penlight
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GPLs (1 time)
PMR (1 time)
RM (1 time)
2018 The effect evaluation of advanced penlight.
74  after HC/LF diet the change of serum PL
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
deltaAWC (1 time)
deltaHDL-L (1 time)
HC/LF (1 time)
2007 [Effects of a high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet on the levels of serum phospholipids and triglycerides].
75  Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb. leaves
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CCB (1 time)
iNOS (1 time)
LJT (1 time)
2017 Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb., Cinnamomum cassia Blume, and Lonicera japonica Thunb. protect against cognitive dysfunction and energy and glucose dysregulation by reducing neuroinflammation and hippocampal insulin resistance in beta-amyloid-infused rats.
76  Air Pays de la Loire
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2005 The performance evaluation of WinOSPM model for urban street canyons of Nantes in France.
77  alginate polylysine
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 1993 Polydisperse dextran as a diffusing test solute to study the membrane permeability of alginate polylysine microcapsules.
78  Alkaline phosphatase
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DEXA (1 time)
2002 [Fibrous dysplasia: differential diagnosis from Paget's disease].
79  alkaline phosphatase leukocyte
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2004 Examination of the health status of populations from depleted-uranium-contaminated regions.
80  alkaline pretreatment liquor
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AAO (1 time)
PHB (1 time)
2019 Enhancement of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) production by 10-fold from alkaline pretreatment liquor with an oxidative enzyme-mediator-surfactant system under Plackett-Burman and central composite designs.
81  All Plan Letter
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
--- 2018 Proposal to Reduce Adult Immunization Barriers in California.
82  Aloe vera supplemented probiotic lassi
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2017 Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis Miller) supplemented probiotic lassi prevents Shigella infiltration from epithelial barrier into systemic blood flow in mice model.
83  alpha-2-antiplasmin
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 1988 Basics and practice in evaluating plasminogen.
84  alpha-hydroxy-5 beta-cholan-24- ate
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AcChR (1 time)
1993 Labeling of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor by a photoactivatable steroid probe: effects of cholesterol and cholinergic ligands.
85  alpha-poly(l-lysine)
(1 time)
Polymers
(1 time)
EPL (1 time)
2018 Effects of the Physicochemical, Colloidal, and Biological Characteristics of Different Polymer Structures between alpha-Poly(l-lysine) and epsilon-Poly(l-lysine) on Polymeric Gene Delivery.
86  alprenolol
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ATL (1 time)
PDL (1 time)
Pe (1 time)
1995 Passive diffusion of weak organic electrolytes across Caco-2 cell monolayers: uncoupling the contributions of hydrodynamic, transcellular, and paracellular barriers.
87  altered CII263-272 peptide ligands
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CII (1 time)
PBL (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2006 Altered collagen II peptides inhibited T-cell activation in rheumatoid arthritis.
88  altered self peptide ligands
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
IDDM (1 time)
1998 Altered peptide ligands of islet autoantigen Imogen 38 inhibit antigen specific T cell reactivity in human type-1 diabetes.
89  alternate pollutant limit
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
FC (1 time)
LC (1 time)
UC (1 time)
2001 A modified risk assessment to establish molybdenum standards for land application of biosolids.
90  alveolo-pleuralem Luftleck
(1 time)
Surgical Procedures, Operative
(1 time)
TVi (2 times)
AAL (1 time)
Pmax (1 time)
2012 TissuePatchâ„¢ as a novel synthetic sealant for repair of superficial lung defect: in vitro tests results.
91  Amanita phalloides
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 1984 Influence of zinc, D-penicillamine and oxygen on poisoning with Amanita phalloides. Zinc accelerates liver regeneration and prevents the depletion of brain noradrenaline caused by the mushroom.
92  amitriptyline
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CPZ (1 time)
DZP (1 time)
HPD (1 time)
1989 Effect of psychotropic drugs on the contents of melatonin, serotonin and N-acetylserotonin in rat pineal gland.
93  amoxicilloyl-poly-L-lysine
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AX (1 time)
pHRT (1 time)
2017 Basophil Histamine Release Induced by Amoxicilloyl-poly-L-lysine Compared With Amoxicillin in Patients With IgE-Mediated Allergic Reactions to Amoxicillin.
94  Ampelopsin
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
pAMPK (1 time)
PPARgamma (1 time)
2016 Ampelopsin Improves Insulin Resistance by Activating PPARgamma and Subsequently Up-Regulating FGF21-AMPK Signaling Pathway.
95  ampelopsis grossedentata
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
T2DM (1 time)
2019 Ampelopsis grossedentata supplementation effectively ameliorates the glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
96  anatomical pathology laboratories
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2015 [Perception of health and safety risks among workers pathology laboratories].
97  angle-ply laminates
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
MSCs (1 time)
2013 Biaxial mechanics and inter-lamellar shearing of stem-cell seeded electrospun angle-ply laminates for annulus fibrosus tissue engineering.
98  animal placement location
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
IEDs (1 time)
TBI (1 time)
2012 Blast-induced biomechanical loading of the rat: an experimental and anatomically accurate computational blast injury model.
99  annular pulley ligaments
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
US (1 time)
1999 Diagnosis of digital flexor tendon annular pulley disruption: comparison of high frequency ultrasound and MRI.
100  Anopheles positive breeding
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2015 Larval ecology of Anopheles coluzzii in Cape Coast, Ghana: water quality, nature of habitat and implication for larval control.