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Abbreviation: APL
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Long forms: 173

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
acute promyelocytic leukemia
(3842 times)
Hematology
(1491 times)
ATRA (1366 times)
AML (505 times)
ATO (416 times)
1976 Acute nonlymphocytic leukemia in adults: correlations with Q-banded chromosomes.
altered peptide ligand
(115 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(66 times)
TCR (24 times)
EAE (15 times)
MS (12 times)
1995 The effects of natural altered peptide ligands on the whole blood cytotoxic T lymphocyte response to human immunodeficiency virus.
abductor pollicis longus
(110 times)
General Surgery
(35 times)
EPB (35 times)
EPL (13 times)
FCR (12 times)
1978 Motor unit estimation in a muscle supplied by the radial nerve.
aminophospholipid
(33 times)
Microbiology
(22 times)
PE (24 times)
DPG (15 times)
PG (14 times)
1992 Effect of different phospholipid-cholesterol membrane compositions on liposome-mediated formation of calcium phosphates.
Atrichia with papular lesions
(26 times)
Dermatology
(18 times)
hr (17 times)
AUC (2 times)
VDR (2 times)
1999 Atrichia with papular lesions maps to 8p in the region containing the human hairless gene.
acquired partial lipodystrophy
(16 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
CGL (8 times)
FPLD (5 times)
AGL (4 times)
2002 Serum adiponectin and leptin levels in patients with lipodystrophies.
adjustable pressure-limiting
(14 times)
Anesthesiology
(9 times)
CPAP (1 time)
CPB (1 time)
DL (1 time)
2002 A survey of the anesthesia scavenging systems in a teaching hospital.
association in the presence of linkage
(14 times)
Genetics, Medical
(7 times)
PDT (6 times)
FBAT (2 times)
IBD (2 times)
2003 Accounting for linkage in family-based tests of association with missing parental genotypes.
anterior paired lateral
(13 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
MB (6 times)
DPM (4 times)
ARM (3 times)
2008 The GABAergic anterior paired lateral neuron suppresses and is suppressed by olfactory learning.
10  allosteric potentiating ligand
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
AD (4 times)
nAChR (4 times)
nAChRs (3 times)
1997 Allosteric modulation of Torpedo nicotinic acetylcholine receptor ion channel activity by noncompetitive agonists.
11  anteroposterior length
(10 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
CSA (3 times)
LTW (3 times)
CT (2 times)
2009 Measurement of rotational alignment of the distal femur in total knee arthroplasty.
12  area per lipid
(9 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
MD (3 times)
POPC (2 times)
AOT (1 time)
2008 Membrane curvature and surface area per lipid affect the conformation and oligomeric state of HIV-1 fusion peptide: a combined FTIR and MD simulation study.
13  accreditation of prior learning
(8 times)
Nursing
(6 times)
APEL (3 times)
BSc (1 time)
CATS (1 time)
1992 APL: a corporate strategy.
14  aplaviroc
(8 times)
Virology
(4 times)
AEs (2 times)
CCR5 (2 times)
EFV (2 times)
2006 The effects of ritonavir and lopinavir/ritonavir on the pharmacokinetics of a novel CCR5 antagonist, aplaviroc, in healthy subjects.
15  accidental puncture or laceration
(7 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
PSIs (4 times)
PPV (3 times)
AHRQ (2 times)
2005 Resident work hour limits and patient safety.
16  acute promyelocytic
(7 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
AML (4 times)
ATRA (3 times)
13-trans RA (1 time)
1994 Induction of differentiation of promyelocytic NB4 cells by retinoic acid is associated with rapid increase in urokinase activity subsequently downregulated by production of inhibitors.
17  antiphospholipid syndrome
(7 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
SLE (3 times)
ACA (1 time)
aCL (1 time)
2000 Anti-centromere antibodies as a marker of Raynaud's phenomenon in pediatric rheumatologic diseases.
18  autologous platelet lysate
(7 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
BCP (2 times)
DBBM (2 times)
0.35-fold (1 time)
2006 Effects of autologous platelet lysates on ceramic particle resorption and new bone formation in critical size defects: the role of anatomical sites.
19  Acquired progressive lymphangioma
(6 times)
Dermatology
(5 times)
--- 1994 Acquired progressive lymphangioma.
20  analog photonic link
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
SFDR (3 times)
ATS (1 time)
DPPolM (1 time)
2012 Linearized analog photonic links based on a dual-parallel polarization modulator.
21  above poverty line
(5 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
BPL (4 times)
CPHC (1 time)
CVDs (1 time)
2014 An Epidemiological Study on the Awareness and Attitude of the Youths Toward AIDS in a Rural Area of West Bengal in India.
22  Adper Prompt L-Pop
(5 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
SMP (2 times)
AQP (1 time)
ASB (1 time)
2006 Micro-shear bond strength of five single-step adhesives to dentin.
23  alkaline peroxide lignin
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
ADIA (2 times)
DMD (2 times)
FO (2 times)
1988 Evaluation of internal markers isolated by alkaline hydrogen peroxide incubation and acid detergent lignin extraction.
24  aminophylline
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
AS (3 times)
BY (3 times)
COPD (3 times)
2015 Bufei Yishen granule combined with acupoint sticking improves pulmonary function and morphormetry in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease rats.
25  amprolium
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BC (1 time)
CAP (1 time)
CL (1 time)
1997 Rapid and sensitive determination of amprolium in chicken plasma by high-performance liquid chromatography with post-column reaction.
26  arterial pressure lability
(5 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
SAD (5 times)
MAP (4 times)
AD (1 time)
1990 Arterial pressure responses to adrenoceptor antagonism in rats with sino-aortic deafferentation.
27  average path length
(5 times)
Biology
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
DPAD (1 time)
EHRNs (1 time)
2008 Discovering synergistic qualities of published authors to enhance translational research.
28  abductor pollicis longus muscle
(4 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
APB (1 time)
EPB (1 time)
1992 Significance of the innervation pattern of the human abductor pollicis longus muscle.
29  adult performance level
(4 times)
Science
(2 times)
ABLE (1 time)
RA (1 time)
SA (1 time)
1978 Literacy skills of long-term hospitalized mental patients.
30  anoperineal lesions
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
CD (2 times)
ARSCD (1 time)
CR (1 time)
1991 [Local surgical treatment of anal-perineal lesions in Crohn's disease. Retrospective study of 68 cases].
31  antibodies to phospholipids
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
Abs (1 time)
APLS (1 time)
beta2GP (1 time)
1992 [Role of antiphospholipid antibodies in fetal loss].
32  apelin
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
AVP (1 time)
BAT (1 time)
2007 Early and late effects of cardiac resynchronization therapy on force-frequency relation and contractility regulating gene expression in heart failure patients.
33  artificial pump-lung
(4 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
CFD (1 time)
RV (1 time)
2011 Thirty-day in-vivo performance of a wearable artificial pump-lung for ambulatory respiratory support.
34  aseptic prosthesis loosening
(4 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
ICSS (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2001 Development and characteristics of a synovial-like interface membrane around cemented tibial hemiarthroplasties in a novel rat model of aseptic prosthesis loosening.
35  atypical polyclonal lymphoproliferation
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
EBV (2 times)
HHV-6 (2 times)
ML (1 time)
1988 Diagnosis and differential diagnosis of progressive lymphoproliferation and malignant lymphoma in persistent active herpesvirus infection.
36  autologous peripheral lymphocytes
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
AM (3 times)
CO (3 times)
ILD (3 times)
1988 Suppressor cell activity of human alveolar macrophages in interstitial lung diseases.
37  2-antiplasmin
(3 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
PLG (2 times)
DIC (1 time)
MAC (1 time)
1985 Impaired fibrinolysis after kidney transplantation.
38  adenosine plasma level
(3 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AF (1 time)
CO (1 time)
HUT (1 time)
2012 Adenosine plasma level and A2A adenosine receptor expression: correlation with laboratory tests in patients with neurally mediated syncope.
39  Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
TC (2 times)
FC (1 time)
LPL (1 time)
2014 Glucosidase inhibitory activity and antioxidant activity of flavonoid compound and triterpenoid compound from Agrimonia Pilosa Ledeb.
40  alkaline pretreatment liquor
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
PHB (3 times)
AAO (1 time)
2019 Enhancement of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) production by 10-fold from alkaline pretreatment liquor with an oxidative enzyme-mediator-surfactant system under Plackett-Burman and central composite designs.
41  alpha-poly(l-lysine)
(3 times)
Polymers
(1 time)
EPL (3 times)
BPEI (1 time)
NCs (1 time)
2018 Effects of the Physicochemical, Colloidal, and Biological Characteristics of Different Polymer Structures between alpha-Poly(l-lysine) and epsilon-Poly(l-lysine) on Polymeric Gene Delivery.
42  Andrographis paniculata leaves
(3 times)
Animal Diseases
(2 times)
APW (2 times)
AP (1 time)
LTL (1 time)
2014 Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics and Meat Yield of Boer Goats Fed Diets Containing Leaves or Whole Parts of Andrographis paniculata.
43  antiplatelet
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
ACEI (1 time)
ADL (1 time)
2006 Antiplatelets, ACE inhibitors, and statins combination reduces stroke severity and tissue at risk.
44  Aplidin
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AML (1 time)
MRM (1 time)
VEGF (1 time)
2004 Determination of aplidin, a marine-derived anticancer drug, in human plasma, whole blood and urine by liquid chromatography with electrospray ionisation tandem mass spectrometric detection.
45  apomorphine sublingual film
(3 times)
Biomedical Research
(1 time)
PD (2 times)
PK (2 times)
s.c (2 times)
2020 LC-MS/MS simultaneous quantification of apomorphine and its major metabolites in human plasma: Application to clinical comparative bioavailability evaluation for the apomorphine sublingual film and a subcutaneous product.
46  Applied Physics Laboratory
(3 times)
Science
(2 times)
NEAR (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
CONTOUR (1 time)
2004 Background and applications of astrodynamics for space missions of the johns hopkins applied physics laboratory.
47  acid pretreatment liquor
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
HMF (1 time)
PHAs (1 time)
PHBV (1 time)
2015 Production and characterization of poly(3-hydroxy butyrate-co-3 hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) by a novel halotolerant mangrove isolate.
48  acute protein load
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
GFR (2 times)
FC (1 time)
HPD (1 time)
1991 The effect of acute and chronic protein loading on urinary pepsinogen A excretion.
49  advanced precancerous lesions
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ACN (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
FGF21 (1 time)
2013 Advanced precancerous lesions (APL) in the colonic mucosa.
50  advanced premalignant lesions
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CFS (1 time)
OS (1 time)
PPE (1 time)
2020 Phase Ib Study of Chemoprevention with Green Tea Polyphenon E and Erlotinib in Patients with Advanced Premalignant Lesions (APL) of the Head and Neck.
51  allopurinol
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
DEF (1 time)
NS (1 time)
1988 Experimental pharmacologic cerebroprotection.
52  ALTERED PHLOEM DEVELOPMENT
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
AtAUR2 (1 time)
VND6 (1 time)
XDI (1 time)
2003 APL regulates vascular tissue identity in Arabidopsis.
53  anatomical partial-lobectomy
(2 times)
AISP (1 time)
BISP (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2020 Three-dimensional reconstruction/personalized three-dimensional printed model for thoracoscopic anatomical partial-lobectomy in stage I lung cancer: a retrospective study.
54  anteroposterior and lateral
(2 times)
Pain Management
(1 time)
CESI (1 time)
CLO (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2011 Detection of periprosthetic osteolysis around total knee arthroplasties an in vitro study.
55  antiphospholipid-antibody syndrome
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
--- 1998 [Surgical treatment of aseptic bone necroses of both knee joints in antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APL) by synovectomy, arthrolysis and arthroplasty].
56  aqueous phase liquid
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
HTL (1 time)
MSS (1 time)
2019 A feasibility study of utilizing hydrothermal liquefaction derived aqueous phase as nutrients for semi-continuous cultivation of Tetraselmis sp.
57  arterial pseudolesions
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
HCC (1 time)
HPI (1 time)
2016 Arterio-portal shunts in the cirrhotic liver: perfusion computed tomography for distinction of arterialized pseudolesions from hepatocellular carcinoma.
58  artificial perilymph
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
APL-CHA (1 time)
BDDE (1 time)
CAPs (1 time)
2003 The simultaneous in vivo perilymphatic perfusion of avian auditory and vestibular end organs.
59  aspheric polydimethylsiloxane lens
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
APLMC (1 time)
DFFL (1 time)
LAL (1 time)
2015 Novel dual-function lens with microscopic and vari-focus capability incorporated with an aberration-suppression aspheric lens.
60  aspirin + pylorus ligation
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
AL (1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
2006 Antiulcer and in vitro antioxidant activities of Jasminum grandiflorum L.
61  Assistive Product List
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AT (2 times)
APPLICABLE (1 time)
PWD (1 time)
2020 Implementation of the Assistive Product List (APL) in Malawi through development of appropriate policy and systems: an action research protocol.
62  hypergranular promyelocytic leukemia
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
1978 Hypergranular promyelocytic leukemia (APL): cytogenetic and ultrastructural specificity.
63  4-acetyl-beta-propiolactone
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
PKVL (1 time)
ROTEP (1 time)
2021 Poly(4-ketovalerolactone) from Levulinic acid: Synthesis and Hydrolytic Degradation.
64  A. phagocytophilum-like
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Molecular detection of Anaplasma phagocytophilum-like Anaplasma spp. and pathogenic A. Phagocytophilum in cattle from South Korea.
65  A. pyogenes-like
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 1998 Biochemical and biological characterizations and ribotyping of Actinomyces pyogenes and Actinomyces pyogenes-like organisms from liver abscesses in cattle.
66  abandoned pacemaker lead
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 2000 Is there an adverse outcome from abandoned pacing leads?
67  abiraterone, prednisone, leuprolide
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
AAPL (1 time)
2021 Results of a Randomized Phase II Trial of Intense Androgen Deprivation Therapy prior to Radical Prostatectomy in Men with High-Risk Localized Prostate Cancer.
68  absolute peak latency
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BAER (1 time)
IPL (1 time)
SGA (1 time)
2003 Brainstem auditory evoked responses in term small for gestational age newborn infants born to undernourished mothers.
69  accessory palmaris longus
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
--- 2006 Epifascial accessory palmaris longus muscle.
70  acetylated PL
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
PL (1 time)
SDS (1 time)
1989 Solid-phase immunoassay of serum antibodies to peptides. Covalent antigen binding to adsorbed phenylalanine-lysine copolymers.
71  acidic pit lakes
(1 time)
DCM (1 time)
MOM (1 time)
PAR (1 time)
2020 Adaptation of Coccomyxa sp. to Extremely Low Light Conditions Causes Deep Chlorophyll and Oxygen Maxima in Acidic Pit Lakes.
72  Acrylic protection layers
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2019 Multiple polymer plastination: Combining different types of polymers in teaching and exhibition plastinates.
73  active progressive learning
(1 time)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(1 time)
MPSA (1 time)
MSDA (1 time)
SNR (1 time)
2021 Multiperspective Progressive Structure Adaptation for JPEG Steganography Detection Across Domains.
74  Active Pseudo-Labeling
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2020 Learning from Synthetic Images via Active Pseudo-Labeling.
75  activities of methanol extracts prepared from the leaf
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CIP (1 time)
EPI (1 time)
ERY (1 time)
2019 Antibacterial and Antibiotic Modifying Potential of Crude Extracts, Fractions, and Compounds from Acacia polyacantha Willd. against MDR Gram-Negative Bacteria.
76  acupuncture point location
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2020 Accuracy of acupuncture point location among first-year acupuncture students: A pilot study evaluating the impact of training and use of an adjustable ruler.
77  Acute Pain Level
(1 time)
DEX (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2017 Analgesic efficacy of preoperative dexketoprofen trometamol: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
78  acute pancreatic lesion
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
PAR-2 (1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
2003 Expression of proteinase-activated receptor 2 during taurocholate-induced acute pancreatic lesion development in Wistar rats.
79  acute physical load
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2012 [Adaptation to hypoxia and hyperoxia improves physical endurance: the role of reactive oxygen species and redox-signaling].
80  acute plasmablastic leukemia
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
MM (1 time)
1986 [Acute plasmablastic leukemia in multiple myeloma].
81  acute PML
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PML (1 time)
2013 Newly Identified Roles of PML in Stem Cell Biology.
82  acute promyelocytic subtype of AML
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
2002 The T-lineage-affiliated CD2 gene lies within an open chromatin environment in acute promyelocytic leukemia cells.
83  acute pulmonary lesions
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
RM (1 time)
2004 [An algorithm of respiratory management in the complex treatment and prevention of acute pulmonary lesions in patients with impairments of the central nervous system].
84  Adaptive Profiling
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2002 Miniaturized screening technologies for drug discovery.
85  added path length
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
DSC (1 time)
2021 Interactive contouring through contextual deep learning.
86  additional paternity leave
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
OPL (1 time)
2013 Paternity leave experiences of NHS doctors.
87  adjustable pressure release
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
CGO (1 time)
1996 Oxygen flow through nasal cannulae.
88  Adult penile lymphangioma
(1 time)
Urologic Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2020 Macrocystic Adult Penile Lymphangioma: A Rare Presentation.
89  Advanced Penlight
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GPLs (1 time)
PMR (1 time)
RM (1 time)
2018 The effect evaluation of advanced penlight.
90  after HC/LF diet the change of serum PL
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
deltaAWC (1 time)
deltaHDL-L (1 time)
HC/LF (1 time)
2007 [Effects of a high-carbohydrate, low-fat diet on the levels of serum phospholipids and triglycerides].
91  agent used for the treatment ofacute promyelocytic leukemia
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
PARPi (2 times)
5hmC (1 time)
ATO (1 time)
2021 Poly(ADP-Ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors for Arsenic Trioxide-Resistant Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia: Synergistic In Vitro Antitumor Effects with Hypomethylating Agents or High-Dose Vitamin C.
92  Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb. leaves
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CCB (1 time)
iNOS (1 time)
LJT (1 time)
2016 Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb., Cinnamomum cassia Blume, and Lonicera japonica Thunb. protect against cognitive dysfunction and energy and glucose dysregulation by reducing neuroinflammation and hippocampal insulin resistance in beta-amyloid-infused rats.
93  Air Pays de la Loire
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2005 The performance evaluation of WinOSPM model for urban street canyons of Nantes in France.
94  alginate polylysine
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 1993 Polydisperse dextran as a diffusing test solute to study the membrane permeability of alginate polylysine microcapsules.
95  alkaline pectate lyase
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2020 High-level extracellular production of an alkaline pectate lyase in E. coli BL21 (DE3) and its application in bioscouring of cotton fabric.
96  Alkaline phosphatase
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DEXA (1 time)
2002 [Fibrous dysplasia: differential diagnosis from Paget's disease].
97  alkaline phosphatase leukocyte
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2004 Examination of the health status of populations from depleted-uranium-contaminated regions.
98  All Plan Letter
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
--- 2018 Proposal to Reduce Adult Immunization Barriers in California.
99  Aloe vera supplemented probiotic lassi
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2016 Aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis Miller) supplemented probiotic lassi prevents Shigella infiltration from epithelial barrier into systemic blood flow in mice model.
100  alpha power lateralization
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
AAD (1 time)
NT (1 time)
2021 The Combination of Neural Tracking and Alpha Power Lateralization for Auditory Attention Detection.