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Abbreviation: APR
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Long forms: 246

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
abdominoperineal resection
(642 times)
General Surgery
(320 times)
LAR (80 times)
AR (41 times)
CRM (31 times)
1977 Twenty-five years of experience with radical surgical treatment of carcinoma of the extraperitoneal rectum.
acute phase response
(358 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(49 times)
CRP (57 times)
LPS (52 times)
SAA (40 times)
1986 Modulation of alpha 2-acute phase globulin serum concentration in turpentine- and immune complex-challenged rats by dexamethasone and adrenaline: evidence for a synergistic mode of action.
acute phase reactants
(111 times)
Rheumatology
(13 times)
CRP (29 times)
RA (12 times)
SAA (12 times)
1980 Kinetic study of the interaction between rat haptoglobin and rat liver cathepsin B.
adult plant resistance
(102 times)
Genetics
(39 times)
QTL (25 times)
RILs (15 times)
RIL (11 times)
1999 The Race-Specific Resistance Gene to Powdery Mildew, MlRE, Has a Residual Effect on Adult Plant Resistance of Winter Wheat Line RE714.
adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate reductase
(33 times)
Botany
(18 times)
APS (4 times)
ATPS (4 times)
OAS (4 times)
1999 Light regulation of assimilatory sulphate reduction in Arabidopsis thaliana.
absolute proximal reabsorption
(29 times)
Physiology
(15 times)
GFR (8 times)
AII (5 times)
GTB (3 times)
1975 Control of proximal tubule fluid reabsorption in experimental glomerulonephritis.
aprepitant
(23 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
CR (13 times)
CINV (9 times)
DEX (9 times)
2005 Efficacy and tolerability of aprepitant for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting in patients with breast cancer after moderately emetogenic chemotherapy.
aprotinin
(15 times)
Anesthesiology
(3 times)
TXA (4 times)
CAT (2 times)
CPB (2 times)
1995 [Comparison of effects of aprotinin and tranexamic acid on blood loss in heart surgery].
Angelicae Pubescentis Radix
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
ESI (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
TCM (2 times)
2011 [Identify nature N-acylethanolamide-hydrolyzing acid amide (NAAA) inhibitor: effect of angelicae pubescentis radix on anti-inflammation].
10  accessory planta retractor
(12 times)
Biology
(7 times)
PCD (7 times)
PE (3 times)
PHs (2 times)
1995 Decreased monosynaptic sensory input to an identified motoneuron is associated with steroid-mediated dendritic regression during metamorphosis in Manduca sexta.
11  aqueous-phase reforming
(12 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
ATR-IR (1 time)
CWAO (1 time)
ID (1 time)
2012 Aqueous-phase reforming of the low-boiling fraction of rice husk pyrolyzed bio-oil in the presence of platinum catalyst for hydrogen production.
12  APS reductase
(11 times)
Botany
(4 times)
APS (5 times)
PAPS (3 times)
OAS (2 times)
2000 Characterization of sulfate assimilation in marine algae focusing on the enzyme 5'-adenylylsulfate reductase.
13  absolute production rate
(10 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
FCR (9 times)
apo (5 times)
AI (3 times)
0) exhibit enhanced fractional catabolic rate of ApoA-I in Lp(AI) and ApoA-II in Lp(AI with AII). -->1997 Subjects with ApoA-I(Lys107-->0) exhibit enhanced fractional catabolic rate of ApoA-I in Lp(AI) and ApoA-II in Lp(AI with AII).
14  abdominoperineal resection of the rectum
(9 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
LARR (1 time)
MIS (1 time)
NAC (1 time)
2000 Experimental model of anorectal transplantation.
15  All Patient Refined
(9 times)
Hospitals
(2 times)
DRG (3 times)
DRGs (3 times)
CMS (2 times)
2000 The performance of Australian DRGs.
16  activated phosphate rock
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
PR (4 times)
BM (2 times)
TCLP (2 times)
2008 Heavy metal removal from aqueous solutions by activated phosphate rock.
17  Antiretroviral Pregnancy Registry
(6 times)
Drug Therapy
(3 times)
ARV (1 time)
CHB (1 time)
LAM (1 time)
2002 Birth defect classification by organ system: a novel approach to heighten teratogenic signalling in a pregnancy registry.
18  apramycin
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AG (1 time)
AK (1 time)
AMK (1 time)
1991 A survey of antimicrobial resistance in Salmonellae isolated from animals in England and Wales during 1984-1987.
19  attach-pull-release
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
beta-CD (1 time)
CB7 (1 time)
CB8 (1 time)
2017 The SAMPL5 host-guest challenge: computing binding free energies andenthalpies from explicit solvent simulations by the attach-pull-release (APR) method.
20  aggregation-prone region
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ADA (1 time)
APRs (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2012 Aggregation prone regions and gatekeeping residues in protein sequences.
21  anaerobic power reserve
(5 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
EMG (1 time)
HIIE (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2008 Fatigue in repeated-sprint exercise is related to muscle power factors and reduced neuromuscular activity.
22  Asia-Pacific region
(5 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
Acb (1 time)
CA (1 time)
ESBL (1 time)
2008 Estimates and projections of hepatitis B-related hepatocellular carcinoma in Australia among people born in Asia-Pacific countries.
23  Australian Pregnancy Register
(5 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
WWE (4 times)
AEDs (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2018 Predicting epileptic seizure control during pregnancy.
24  abdominoperineal rectal resection
(4 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
LE (1 time)
PH (1 time)
TAR (1 time)
1999 [Anal sphincter restoration using dynamic graciloplasty--results of 50 patients].
25  acute pain relief
(4 times)
Neurosurgery
(3 times)
TN (4 times)
MVD (3 times)
MS (2 times)
2008 Various surgical modalities for trigeminal neuralgia: literature study of respective long-term outcomes.
26  anterior-posterior ratio
(4 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
HMPAO (1 time)
KOOS (1 time)
MMPRT (1 time)
1994 Technetium-99m-HMPAO SPECT, CT and MRI in the evaluation of patients with chronic traumatic brain injury: a correlation with neuropsychological performance.
27  antibiotic prescribing rate
(4 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
APAR (1 time)
ASPs (1 time)
CENTRAL (1 time)
2016 Interventions to reduce childhood antibiotic prescribing for upper respiratory infections: systematic review and meta-analysis.
28  apremilast
(4 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
PsA (2 times)
ACR (1 time)
AEs (1 time)
2016 Pharmacological treatment of psoriatic arthritis: a systematic literature review for the 2015 update of the EULAR recommendations for the management of psoriatic arthritis.
29  abdominoperineal
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
AR (2 times)
LAR (1 time)
1984 Patterns of pelvic recurrence following definitive resections of rectal cancer.
30  abstract to publication ratio
(3 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
RANZCR (2 times)
ASMs (1 time)
BASK (1 time)
2004 Publication rates of abstracts presented at annual scientific meetings: how does the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists compare?
31  activity of plasma renin
(3 times)
Urology
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
AII (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1991 [Renin-angiotensin and hypophyseo-adrenal systems in children suffering from congenital adrenocortical hyperplasia resulting from 21-hydroxylase deficiency].
32  acute-phase protein response
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
APP (1 time)
1994 Cellular and molecular effects of malnutrition and their relevance to periodontal diseases.
33  air-purifying respirator
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ACGIH (1 time)
CBRN (1 time)
EPLS (1 time)
2011 Using CO(2) to determine inhaled contaminant volumes and blower effectiveness in several types of respirators.
34  allergic patch test reaction
(3 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
IPR (2 times)
LC (1 time)
SLS (1 time)
1991 Keratinocyte-expression of interleukin-6 but not of tumour necrosis factor-alpha is increased in the allergic and the irritant patch test reaction.
35  ancestral protein reconstruction
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
CP (1 time)
MSA (1 time)
2017 Robustness of Reconstructed Ancestral Protein Functions to Statistical Uncertainty.
36  apoptosis-related protein
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
JNK (2 times)
ASK (1 time)
CHOP (1 time)
2005 Identification of functional genes during Fas-mediated apoptosis using a randomly fragmented cDNA library.
37  apparent phase reversal
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
DOG (1 time)
OP (1 time)
1987 Apparent phase reversal during stabilized image fading.
38  arthroscopic patellar release
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
VISA-P (2 times)
BME (1 time)
IFP (1 time)
2013 Mid- and long-term efficacy of the arthroscopic patellar release for treatment of patellar tendinopathy unresponsive to nonoperative management.
39  Assistant Personal Robot
(3 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(3 times)
MOX (1 time)
PLS-DA (1 time)
2016 Assistant Personal Robot (APR): Conception and Application of a Tele-Operated Assisted Living Robot.
40  autologous proliferative response
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
HAM (1 time)
HAM/TSP (1 time)
HBV (1 time)
1989 In vitro modulation of lymphocyte proliferation by prednisolone and interferon-alpha in patients with HTLV-I-associated myelopathy (HAM).
41  automatic postural response
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
APRs (1 time)
DBS (1 time)
GPi (1 time)
2007 Bilateral vestibular loss in cats leads to active destabilization of balance during pitch and roll rotations of the support surface.
42  aboveground plant respiration
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
ANPP (2 times)
GPP (2 times)
TBCF (2 times)
2009 The influence of N and P supply and genotype on carbon flux and partitioning in potted Pinus radiata plants.
43  action potential repolarization
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AH (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
HP (1 time)
1993 [Physiological functions and regulation of K+ and Cl- channels in single smooth muscle cells].
44  activated PR
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
PR (2 times)
BET (1 time)
Cd (1 time)
2016 Tumour and cellular distribution of activated forms of PR in breast cancers: a novel immunohistochemical analysis of a large clinical cohort.
45  active posterior rhinomanometry
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
AAR (2 times)
BSSO (1 time)
PAR (1 time)
1988 [Nasal provocation using histamine. A comparison of threshold determination using 3 methods of rhinomanometry].
46  actual permeation rate
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
FR (2 times)
PPR (2 times)
PT (2 times)
2011 The use of permeation tube device and the development of empirical formula for accurate permeation rate.
47  aggressive pecks received
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
APD (2 times)
FPD (2 times)
FPR (1 time)
2014 Genetic parameters for feather pecking and aggressive behavior in a large F2-cross of laying hens using generalized linear mixed models.
48  albumin-to-protein ratio
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
AAA (1 time)
ACR (1 time)
CKD (1 time)
2008 Reliability of different expert systems for profiling proteinuria in children with kidney diseases.
49  alumina production residue
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2019 Radiation exposures from the beneficial use of alumina production residue.
50  aminotransferase to platelet ratio
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
APRI (1 time)
BEV (1 time)
SV (1 time)
2011 Splenomegaly in FOLFOX-naive stage IV or recurrent colorectal cancer patients due to chemotherapy-associated hepatotoxicity can be predicted by the aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio before chemotherapy.
51  annual progression rate
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AER (1 time)
C-EOS (1 time)
EOS (1 time)
2002 Determinants of early carotid atherosclerosis progression in young patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus.
52  anterior peritoneal reflection
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
NPV (1 time)
2016 Comparison of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging in the discrimination of intraperitoneal and extraperitoneal rectal cancer: initial experience.
53  any positive rate
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AFS (1 time)
DNAMD (1 time)
EP (1 time)
2008 Reduction of fibrosis in a rat model of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis cirrhosis by human HGF gene transfection using electroporation.
54  aortopulmonary rotation
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ACM (1 time)
ASO (1 time)
CA (1 time)
1997 Clinical implications of short-axis aortopulmonary rotation on juxtacommissural origin of the coronary artery in transposition of the great arteries and surgical strategy.
55  apical polar ring
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AC9 (1 time)
MTOCs (1 time)
RNG1 (1 time)
2010 RNG1 is a late marker of the apical polar ring in Toxoplasma gondii.
56  appeared to be associated with current chlamydia
(2 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
aPR (1 time)
BMSM (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
2020 Lifetime Burden of Incarceration and Violence, Internalized Homophobia, and HIV/STI Risk Among Black Men Who Have Sex with Men in the HPTN 061 Study.
57  April
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
MAR (2 times)
ALF (1 time)
CGMWBF (1 time)
1994 Supplemental protein for beef cattle grazing dormant intermediate wheatgrass pasture: effects on nutrient quality, forage intake, digesta kinetics, grazing behavior, ruminal fermentation, and digestion.
58  argonplasma resection
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
HT (1 time)
2005 [Argon plasma thyroid resections--main points and advantages].
59  associated with osteoporosis
(2 times)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
aPR (1 time)
BEH (1 time)
TBS (1 time)
2020 The association of tobacco smoking and bone health in the elderly population of Iran: results from Bushehr elderly health (BEH) program.
60  Association Peugeot-Renault
(2 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
WSU (2 times)
2000 Development of a finite element model of the human shoulder.
61  asthma prediction rule
(2 times)
Hypersensitivity
(2 times)
--- 2015 Development and internal validation of a pediatric acute asthma prediction rule for hospitalization.
62  atypical porphyrinogenic response
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
CPOX (2 times)
KICP (2 times)
5-CP (1 time)
2005 The association between genetic polymorphisms of coproporphyrinogen oxidase and an atypical porphyrinogenic response to mercury exposure in humans.
63  Australian Profit Ranking
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ASI (1 time)
ClvI (1 time)
DMI (1 time)
2014 Incorporating heifer feed efficiency in the Australian selection index using genomic selection.
64  Automated Particle Recognition
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
SQEP (1 time)
2006 Analytical performance of the Iris iQ200 automated urine microscopy analyzer.
65  automatic positive reinforcement
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
NSSI (2 times)
2014 How does self-injury feel? Examining automatic positive reinforcement in adolescent self-injurers with experience sampling.
66  average precision rate
(2 times)
Technology, Radiologic
(1 time)
ARR (2 times)
ASSD (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2019 An experimental study on breast lesion detection and classification from ultrasound images using deep learning architectures.
67  1-aminopropan-2-one
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DNPH (1 time)
2001 Determination of 1-aminopropan-2-one, a dissolved sewage component, in water samples.
68  1-Aminopropanone
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
APCI (1 time)
2006 Trace determination of 1-aminopropanone, a potential marker for wastewater contamination by liquid chromatography and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-mass spectrometry.
69  A. pisum resistance
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AKR (1 time)
TTR (1 time)
2020 Ethylene Is Not Essential for R-Gene Mediated Resistance but Negatively Regulates Moderate Resistance to Some Aphids in Medicago truncatula.
70  abdominal paravaginal repair
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
BU (1 time)
2004 Mini-incisional Burch urethropexy: a less invasive method to accomplish a time-tested procedure for treatment of genuine stress incontinence.
71  abdominal pelvic resection
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
LAR (1 time)
2009 [Exploration on neoadjuvant chemoradiation in the treatment for locally advanced low rectal cancer].
72  abdominal protuberance ratio
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
--- 2005 Study of abdominal circumference proportions in fetuses with growth disorders.
73  abdominal-pelvic radiotherapy
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
UPSC (1 time)
2004 The role of abdominal-pelvic radiotherapy in the management of uterine papillary serous carcinoma.
74  Abdominoperineal resection surgery
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AMM (1 time)
WLE (1 time)
2020 Primary anorectal malignant melanoma: A case report.
75  abnormal pupillary response
(1 time)
Neurosurgery
(1 time)
GCS (1 time)
GSWH (1 time)
2014 Predictors of outcome in civilian gunshot wounds to the head.
76  abnormal responses to pain
(1 time)
Child Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2010 An exploratory investigation of abnormal pain response among preadolescent children in foster care.
77  Absolute proximal tubular reabsorption rate of fluid
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
FPR (1 time)
GFR (1 time)
1996 The influence of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition on renal tubular function in progressive chronic nephropathy.
78  absolute reabsorption
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ERP (1 time)
Pt (1 time)
1975 Determinants of peritubular capillary fluid uptake in hydropenia and saline and plasma expansion.
79  absolute reabsorption of isotonic fluid in the proximal tubule
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
ADRNa (1 time)
FDRNa (1 time)
FPRNa (1 time)
2001 Renal tubular function by lithium clearance in liver cirrhosis.
80  absorbable prosthetic ring
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1990 Absorbable rings for pediatric valvuloplasty. Preliminary study.
81  abstracts achieved FTP status
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
BASK (1 time)
BHS (1 time)
FTP (1 time)
2018 Analysis of conference abstract-to-publication rate in UK orthopaedic research.
82  accentual phrase
(1 time)
Speech-Language Pathology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Intonational structure as a word-boundary cue in Tokyo Japanese.
83  accumbens-preoptic region
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
GABA (1 time)
1985 Decline of GABA uptake in the hamster preoptic area following light offset.
84  accuracy, precision, and recall
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
fSOI (1 time)
US (1 time)
2019 An Automated Framework for Large Scale Retrospective Analysis of Ultrasound Images.
85  Accurate Pain Reporting
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CLBP (1 time)
PRR (1 time)
2020 Placebo Response Reduction and Accurate Pain Reporting Training Reduces Placebo Responses in a Clinical Trial on Chronic Low Back Pain: Results from a Comparison to the Literature.
86  accurate prediction rate
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
IVS (1 time)
MAP (1 time)
2011 Comparison of the surgical Pleth Index™ with haemodynamic variables to assess nociception-anti-nociception balance during general anaesthesia.
87  acetylcholine/papaverine ratio
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
PMEF (1 time)
1990 The cavernosal acetylcholine/papaverine response. A practical in vivo method for quantification of endothelium-dependent relaxation. Rationale and experimental validation.
88  acidic and proline-rich
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2010 Functional domain analysis of the Mycoplasma pneumoniae co-chaperone TopJ.
89  acidogenic phosphorus recovery
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
Fe-MBR (1 time)
FeP-MBR (1 time)
MBR (1 time)
2019 Acidogenic phosphorus recovery from the wastewater sludge of the membrane bioreactor systems with different iron-dosing modes.
90  acquired platinum resistance
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
HGSOC (1 time)
OS (1 time)
PFS (1 time)
2016 Primary and acquired platinum-resistance among women with high grade serous ovarian cancer.
91  acrosomal principal region
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
IVF (1 time)
mAb 4D4 (1 time)
1992 Unexplained in-vitro fertilization failure: implication of acrosomes with a small reacting region, as revealed by a monoclonal antibody.
92  ACTH presentation rate
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
HPLC-UV (1 time)
RIA (1 time)
1986 Pituitary-adrenal responses to repeated small hemorrhage in conscious dogs.
93  action potential rate
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
APD80 (1 time)
MDP (1 time)
TMZ (1 time)
1997 Protective effects of trimetazidine on hypoxic cardiac myocytes from the rat.
94  Activated platelet ratio
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
MPV (1 time)
P-LCR (1 time)
PDW (1 time)
2004 Alterations of platelet function, number and indexes during acute pancreatitis.
95  activated progesterone receptors
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
pos (2 times)
ERalpha (1 time)
IHC (1 time)
2015 Development of a technique to detect the activated form of the progesterone receptor and correlation with clinical and histopathological characteristics of endometrioid adenocarcinoma of the uterine corpus.
96  active posterior
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
AAR (1 time)
Rna (1 time)
1992 Evaluation of active anterior and posterior rhinomanometry in normal subjects.
97  active proliferative retinopathy
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BR (1 time)
NPR (1 time)
QPR (1 time)
1992 Extracapsular cataract extraction in diabetics with rubeosis iridis.
98  acute pain relief rate
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
GKS (1 time)
MS (1 time)
2013 What is the best treatment of drug-resistant trigeminal neuralgia in patients affected by multiple sclerosis? A literature analysis of surgical procedures.
99  acute pancreas rejection
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
EAP (1 time)
2019 Early allograft pancreatectomy-Technical failure or acute pancreatic rejection?
100  acute persistent rejection
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CYP3A5 (1 time)
P-gp (1 time)
PCR-SSP (1 time)
2005 The impact of pharmacogenomic factors on acute persistent rejection in adult lung transplant patients.