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Abbreviation: APS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
antiphospholipid syndrome
(2765 times)
Rheumatology
(880 times)
aPL (683 times)
SLE (608 times)
aCL (398 times)
1989 The relationship of anticardiolipin antibodies to disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus.
Astragalus polysaccharide
(238 times)
Molecular Biology
(43 times)
ROS (19 times)
SOD (17 times)
TNF-alpha (14 times)
1989 Enhancing effect of antitumor polysaccharide from Astragalus or Radix hedysarum on C3 cleavage production of macrophages in mice.
adenosine 5'-phosphosulfate
(171 times)
Biochemistry
(80 times)
PAPS (61 times)
APR (8 times)
ATP (8 times)
1961 Enzymatic basis for assimilatory and dissimilatory sulfate reduction.
ammonium persulfate
(137 times)
Chemistry
(28 times)
TEMED (26 times)
SEM (21 times)
MBA (18 times)
1995 [Components of hair bleaches as triggers of bronchial hypersensitivity--studies using a model for occupationally-induced lung damage].
autoimmune polyglandular syndrome
(87 times)
Endocrinology
(33 times)
AD (5 times)
AITD (4 times)
DM (4 times)
0 [Psycho-immuno-endocrinology of the thyroid gland].
acute physiology score
(83 times)
Critical Care
(23 times)
ICU (13 times)
CI (10 times)
OR (10 times)
1984 Initial international use of APACHE. An acute severity of disease measure.
3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane
(82 times)
Chemistry
(24 times)
MPS (6 times)
TEM (6 times)
PL (5 times)
1979 Improved nonporous magnetic supports for immobilized enzymes.
acute pain service
(81 times)
Anesthesiology
(37 times)
PCA (15 times)
VAS (8 times)
EA (5 times)
1991 Development of an acute pain service monitoring and evaluation system.
Adult Protective Services
(77 times)
Geriatrics
(57 times)
CREST (3 times)
CI (2 times)
EADSS (2 times)
1997 Reporting elder mistreatment.
10  attenuated psychotic symptoms
(58 times)
Psychiatry
(46 times)
UHR (16 times)
BLIPS (7 times)
CHR (6 times)
2011 Ultra high risk (UHR) for psychosis criteria: are there different levels of risk for transition to psychosis?
11  autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome
(45 times)
Medicine
(13 times)
AAD (4 times)
AIRE (4 times)
APECED (3 times)
1996 Adrenal autoantibodies and organ-specific autoimmunity in patients with Addison's disease.
12  aerodynamic particle sizer
(44 times)
Environmental Health
(15 times)
SMPS (13 times)
ACI (4 times)
MMAD (3 times)
1987 Respirable dust control in grinding gray iron castings.
13  atypical parkinsonian syndromes
(43 times)
Neurology
(31 times)
PD (23 times)
PSP (13 times)
MSA (12 times)
2002 Progression of dopaminergic degeneration in Parkinson's disease and atypical parkinsonism: a longitudinal beta-CIT SPECT study.
14  American Physiological Society
(41 times)
Physiology
(22 times)
APA (2 times)
ACDP (1 time)
BEC (1 time)
1973 NAS and APS Meetings: Changes in Moods and in Modes.
15  Advanced Photon Source
(38 times)
Radiology
(18 times)
ALS (2 times)
ID (2 times)
IDs (2 times)
1995 Soft x-ray instrumentation and its applications at the advanced photon source.
16  American Pain Society
(33 times)
Psychophysiology
(25 times)
ACTTION (7 times)
AAPT (5 times)
CQI (3 times)
1994 Application of the American Pain Society quality assurance standards.
17  arterioportal shunt
(29 times)
Gastroenterology
(10 times)
HCC (11 times)
TACE (4 times)
HAP (3 times)
1995 [An experimental study of blood supply to the bile duct under arterio-portal shunting].
18  active pixel sensor
(26 times)
Biophysics
(12 times)
CMOS (7 times)
DBT (5 times)
DQE (5 times)
2000 Subjective image quality of solid-state and photostimulable phosphor systems for digital intra-oral radiography.
19  anti-phospholipid antibody syndrome
(26 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
SLE (8 times)
LA (5 times)
aCL (3 times)
1992 [Prednisolone and aspirin therapy for habitual abortion associated with anti-cardiolipin antibody].
20  antiplatelet serum
(26 times)
Hematology
(10 times)
AChE (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
NRS (2 times)
1975 Platelet recovery after induction of acute thrombocytopenia.
21  aminopropylsilane
(24 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
AFM (4 times)
CNT (2 times)
FN (2 times)
1996 Studies on the biocompatibility of materials: fibroblast reorganization of substratum-bound fibronectin on surfaces varying in wettability.
22  acute pain services
(22 times)
Anesthesiology
(8 times)
PCA (8 times)
VAS (3 times)
C-APS (1 time)
1993 Safety assessment of postoperative pain management by an acute pain service.
23  atmospheric plasma spraying
(18 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(8 times)
HAP (6 times)
SEM (4 times)
HA (3 times)
1998 Development of plasma-sprayed bioceramic coatings with bond coats based on titania and zirconia.
24  ammonium peroxydisulfate
(17 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
PANI (3 times)
TEMED (3 times)
TMEDA (3 times)
2000 Self-assembled hydrogel nanoparticles composed of dextran and poly(ethylene glycol) macromer.
25  Aboriginal Peoples Survey
(15 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
CCHS (3 times)
RHS (2 times)
ACO (1 time)
1996 Disability among Canada's aboriginal peoples in 1991.
26  autologous protein solution
(14 times)
Orthopedics
(5 times)
OA (9 times)
WOMAC (4 times)
KOOS (2 times)
2011 Autologous protein solution inhibits MMP-13 production by IL-1beta and TNFalpha-stimulated human articular chondrocytes.
27  automatic positioning system
(13 times)
Neurosurgery
(9 times)
VS (2 times)
frame-system (1 time)
GK-C (1 time)
2000 First clinical experience with the automatic positioning system and Leksell gamma knife Model C. Technical note.
28  anionic polysaccharide
(10 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
BWE (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
CMC (1 time)
2003 Interaction between acidic polysaccharides and proteins.
29  Addiction Potential Scale
(9 times)
Psychiatry
(5 times)
AAS (6 times)
MMPI-2 (3 times)
MAC-R (2 times)
1992 New measures for assessing alcohol and drug abuse with the MMPI-2: The APS and AAS.
30  air plasma spray
(9 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
HVOF (3 times)
TBCs (3 times)
YSZ (2 times)
2004 Surface modification of implant materials and its effect on attachment and proliferation of bone cells.
31  Arousal Predisposition Scale
(9 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
PSAS (4 times)
DERS (2 times)
FIRST (2 times)
1993 Prediction of physiological arousability: a validation of the Arousal Predisposition Scale.
32  antipsychotic agents
(8 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
BMI (2 times)
5-HT2C (1 time)
IAF (1 time)
2002 [Association of antipsychotic agent-induced weight gain with a polymorphism of the promotor region of the 5-HT2C receptor gene].
33  atypical progeroid syndrome
(8 times)
Genetics, Medical
(3 times)
HGPS (5 times)
LMNA (3 times)
AWS (2 times)
2009 Atypical progeroid syndrome due to heterozygous missense LMNA mutations.
34  automatic periodic stimulation
(8 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
C-IONM (3 times)
RLN (3 times)
CIONM (2 times)
2015 Continuous Intraoperative Neuromonitoring (C-IONM) Technique with the Automatic Periodic Stimulating (APS) Accessory for Conventional and Endoscopic Thyroid Surgery.
35  acute procedural success
(7 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
MR (4 times)
LV (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2004 Catheter cryoablation of supraventricular tachycardia: results of the multicenter prospective "frosty" trial.
36  analytical performance specifications
(7 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(6 times)
BV (2 times)
EQA (2 times)
APTT (1 time)
2015 Setting analytical performance specifications based on outcome studies - is it possible?
37  Advanced pond systems
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
ASP (2 times)
HRP (2 times)
MP (2 times)
2003 Disinfection in a pilot-scale "advanced" pond system (APS) for domestic sewage treatment in New Zealand.
38  Alcohol Policy Scale
(6 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
AOR (2 times)
BAC (2 times)
IRR (1 time)
2014 A new scale of the U.S. alcohol policy environment and its relationship to binge drinking.
39  analytic process scales
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
DIS (1 time)
GAF (1 time)
HAR (1 time)
2004 What happens in a psychoanalysis? A view through the lens of the analytic process scales (APS).
40  angelica polysaccharides
(6 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
ALB (1 time)
ALT (1 time)
AST (1 time)
2002 [Experimental study on effect of Angelica polysaccharide in inhibitory proliferation and inducing differentiation of K562 cells].
41  Angiographic Perfusion Score
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
STEMI (6 times)
PCI (5 times)
TIMI (2 times)
2004 Angiographic perfusion score: an angiographic variable that integrates both epicardial and tissue level perfusion before and after facilitated percutaneous coronary intervention in acute myocardial infarction.
42  anterior perforated substance
(6 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
ACA (1 time)
AChAs (1 time)
AVMs (1 time)
1984 Microsurgical anatomy of the anterior perforating arteries.
43  antiphospholipid antibody
(6 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
aCL (1 time)
AIS (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
1997 Necrosing livedo reticularis in a patient with recurrent pulmonary hemorrhage.
44  aversive phototaxic suppression
(6 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(2 times)
AChE (1 time)
APP (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
2009 Aversive phototaxic suppression: evaluation of a short-term memory assay in Drosophila melanogaster.
45  adjustable passive stiffness
(5 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
DSM (5 times)
L-T (3 times)
CCh (1 time)
2007 Adjustable passive length-tension curve in rabbit detrusor smooth muscle.
46  adverse drug reactions probability scale
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ADR (2 times)
ADRs (2 times)
AEs (1 time)
1982 Difficulties in assessing adverse drug reactions in clinical trials.
47  Anna Pavala Sindhooram
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
CEH (1 time)
1982 Effect of Anna Pavala Sindhooram on plasma and aortic lipids in experimental atherosclerosis.
48  antiprogesterone serum
(5 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(3 times)
LH (2 times)
MLR (2 times)
AES (1 time)
1984 Immunosuppressive properties of murine trophoblast.
49  Arm Posture Score
(5 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
GPS (3 times)
GMFCS (2 times)
API (1 time)
2011 Arm posture score and arm movement during walking: a comprehensive assessment in spastic hemiplegic cerebral palsy.
50  Assisted partner services
(5 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(3 times)
HTC (2 times)
ART (1 time)
CHWs (1 time)
2016 Surveillance of HIV assisted partner services using routine health information systems in Kenya.
51  ATP sulfurylase
(5 times)
Botany
(3 times)
PCS (2 times)
Se (2 times)
APR (1 time)
2006 [Mechanisms of heavy metal cadmium tolerance in plants].
52  pain and symptoms
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
ELDs (2 times)
EAS (1 time)
EOLD (1 time)
2006 Drugs used to alleviate symptoms with life shortening as a possible side effect: end-of-life care in six European countries.
53  Abbey Pain Scale
(4 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
ePAT (2 times)
CMAI (1 time)
ICC (1 time)
2016 Reliability of the Danish Abbey Pain Scale in severely demented and non-communicative older patients.
54  Adolescent Psychopathology Scale
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
A-VARMMA (1 time)
AARS (1 time)
CAFAS (1 time)
2001 An investigation of psychopathology in nonreferred suicidal and nonsuicidal adolescents.
55  Aerodynamic Particle Sizer Spectrometer
(4 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
ACI (2 times)
CI (1 time)
cMMAD (1 time)
2003 Evaluation of a new Aerodynamic Particle Sizer Spectrometer for size distribution measurements of solution metered dose inhalers.
56  Aerosol Particle Sizer
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
HACA (1 time)
LOD (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2006 Particle generation by ultraviolet-laser ablation during surface decontamination.
57  alfalfa polysaccharides
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
IL (1 time)
MAPK (1 time)
MEF (1 time)
2014 Purification, characterisation and protective effects of polysaccharides from alfalfa on hepatocytes.
58  anterior pedicle screw
(4 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
ALIF (2 times)
ASIA (1 time)
2006 Augmentation of anterior lumbar interbody fusion with anterior pedicle screw fixation: demonstration of novel constructs and evaluation of biomechanical stability in cadaveric specimens.
59  anti-phase structure
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
BP (2 times)
SCRP (2 times)
SCRPs (2 times)
2000 Time resolved electron spin resonance of spin correlated micelle confined radical pairs: shape of the anti-phase structure.
60  antigen presentasome
(4 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
AP-1 (1 time)
APCs (1 time)
MHC (1 time)
2005 Physiological relevance of antigen presentasome (APS), an acquired MHC/costimulatory complex, in the sustained activation of CD4+ T cells in the absence of APCs.
61  antiviral polyclonal sera
(4 times)
Virology
(4 times)
FMDV (4 times)
Nr (1 time)
Nr variants (1 time)
1989 Modification of foot-and-mouth disease virus after serial passages in the presence of antiviral polyclonal sera.
62  apical preparation size
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
SI (2 times)
WL (2 times)
HA (1 time)
2006 A clinical method to determine the optimal apical preparation size. Part I.
63  apparent photosynthesis
(4 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
DIC (1 time)
PDI (1 time)
PR (1 time)
1975 Photosynthesis and photorespiratory CO2 evolution of water-stressed sunflower leaves.
64  Arm Profile Score
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AVS (4 times)
UL (3 times)
UCP (2 times)
2011 The Arm Profile Score: A new summary index to assess upper limb movement pathology.
65  Assistance to Participate Scale
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
COSMIN (1 time)
PEDI (1 time)
PedsQL (1 time)
2009 Development of the Assistance to Participate Scale (APS) for children's play and leisure activities.
66  Astragalus mongholicus polysaccharide
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
DCs (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
HMGB1 (1 time)
2009 Astragalus mongholicus polysaccharide inhibits lipopolysaccharide-induced production of TNF-alpha and interleukin-8.
67  auditory processing speed
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
TCT (2 times)
ATCT (1 time)
AVH (1 time)
2016 Measuring the capacity for auditory system plasticity: An examination of performance gains during initial exposure to auditory-targeted cognitive training in schizophrenia.
68  average particle size
(4 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
LDH (1 time)
PSD (1 time)
Rd (1 time)
2011 Al-Si/SiC nanoparticles composites synthesized by double stir casting.
69  1-(3-aminopropyl) silatrane
(3 times)
Colloids
(1 time)
APTES (1 time)
Biot (1 time)
H-form (1 time)
2003 Silatrane-based surface chemistry for immobilization of DNA, protein-DNA complexes and other biological materials.
70  abdominal pain syndrome
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ASA (1 time)
CE (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2006 Risk factors for dyspepsia in a general population: non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, cigarette smoking and unemployment are more important than Helicobacter pylori infection.
71  acidic EPS
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
EPS (3 times)
NPS (2 times)
ETEC (1 time)
2006 Immunomodulatory effects of polysaccharides produced by Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus OLL1073R-1.
72  Action potential simulation
(3 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
ACR (1 time)
FIQ (1 time)
FMS (1 time)
2007 Action potential simulation (APS) in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS): a controlled single subject experimental design.
73  acupuncture point stimulation
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
AEs (1 time)
AGP (1 time)
AHBP (1 time)
2015 Acupuncture-Point Stimulation for Postoperative Pain Control: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.
74  acute-phase serum
(3 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
CFU-GM (1 time)
HAAPS (1 time)
1986 Plasmodium berghei malaria: effects of acute-phase serum and erythrocyte-bound immunoglobulins on erythrophagocytosis by rat peritoneal macrophages.
75  Affect in Play Scale
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ADOS (1 time)
APS-BR (1 time)
ASD (1 time)
2008 Development and validation of the Affect in Play Scale-brief rating version (APS-BR).
76  all pedicle screw
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
AIS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2009 Computed tomography evaluation of rotation correction in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a comparison of an all pedicle screw construct versus a hook-rod system.
77  American Pediatric Society
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
AAP (1 time)
SPR (1 time)
1982 Promotion of breast feeding: recommendations of the Councils of the Society for Pediatric Research (SPR) and American Pediatric Society (APS), and of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP).
78  amorphous phase separation
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
APIs (2 times)
ASDs (2 times)
RH (2 times)
2018 Moisture-Induced Amorphous Phase Separation of Amorphous Solid Dispersions: Molecular Mechanism, Microstructure, and Its Impact on Dissolution Performance.
79  antiphospholipid
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
aPL (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
MRV (1 time)
1998 Antiphospholipid syndrome in pregnancy--animal models and clinical implications.
80  anxiety-potentiated startle
(3 times)
Emotions
(1 time)
WM (2 times)
ASR (1 time)
ASRM (1 time)
2017 Reducing State Anxiety Using Working Memory Maintenance.
81  Apgar score
(3 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
FPA (1 time)
FPB beta (1 time)
I-D time (1 time)
1985 [A study on spinal anesthesia for cesarean section--with special reference to left uterus displacement device (LUDD)].
82  aPL syndrome
(3 times)
Inflammation
(1 time)
aPL (2 times)
ECs (1 time)
ICAM-1 (1 time)
2001 Thrombogenic effects of antiphospholipid antibodies are mediated by intercellular cell adhesion molecule-1, vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, and P-selectin.
83  APS-IgG
(3 times)
Arthritis
(1 time)
aPL (2 times)
beta2GPI (1 time)
DI (1 time)
2013 Endothelial microparticle release is stimulated in vitro by purified IgG from patients with the antiphospholipid syndrome.
84  Area postrema syndrome
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
NMOSDs (2 times)
AQP4-IgG (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2018 Area postrema syndrome: Frequency, criteria, and severity in AQP4-IgG-positive NMOSD.
85  arm position sense
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
GVS (2 times)
AE (1 time)
CE (1 time)
2013 Galvanic vestibular stimulation improves arm position sense in spatial neglect: a sham-stimulation-controlled study.
86  artificial photosynthetic
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
MPES (1 time)
NPS (1 time)
2017 Microbial Photoelectrosynthesis for Self-Sustaining Hydrogen Generation.
87  artificial reconstituted pulmonary surfactant
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
ARDS (2 times)
AMs (1 time)
NPS (1 time)
1997 Artificial reconstituted pulmonary surfactant in prevention and treatment of respiratory distress syndrome in neonates.
88  attention/processing speed
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
CC (1 time)
CI (1 time)
GM (1 time)
2008 Brain atrophy as a marker of cognitive impairment in mildly disabling relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.
89  attenuated positive symptoms
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
BQSPS (1 time)
CFA (1 time)
CHR (1 time)
2003 The PRIME North America randomized double-blind clinical trial of olanzapine versus placebo in patients at risk of being prodromally symptomatic for psychosis. II. Baseline characteristics of the "prodromal" sample.
90  auditory perceptual simulation
(3 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
ERP (1 time)
2016 I "hear" what you're "saying": Auditory perceptual simulation, reading speed, and reading comprehension.
91  auditory-perceptual space
(3 times)
Audiology
(3 times)
DLs (1 time)
1989 Auditory-perceptual interpretation of the vowel.
92  Average Peptide Scoring
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
ESI (1 time)
EST (1 time)
FDR (1 time)
2005 Average peptide score: a useful parameter for identification of proteins derived from database searches of liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry data.
93  L-ascorbyl-2-phosphate
(3 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
IL-1 (1 time)
SIB (1 time)
2007 Differential effects of the ascorbyl and tocopheryl derivative on the methamphetamine-induced toxic behavior and toxicity.
94  prostate-specific antigen
(3 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
CEA (1 time)
LIPE (1 time)
PVS (1 time)
1988 Human prostate-specific antigen (APS) is a member of the glandular kallikrein gene family at 19q13.
95  3-aminopropanesulfonic acid
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
5-AV (1 time)
AETS (1 time)
APP (1 time)
1982 Carnosine-synthetase inhibition of beta-alanine analogues.
96  abdominal pain score
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
GSS (2 times)
IBS (2 times)
2008 A mixture of Escherichia coli (DSM 17252) and Enterococcus faecalis (DSM 16440) for treatment of the irritable bowel syndrome--a randomized controlled trial with primary care physicians.
97  abnormal phlegmatic syndrome
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
BMq (1 time)
POF (1 time)
UM (1 time)
2018 Research on Establishment of Abnormal Phlegmatic Syndrome with Premature Ovarian Failure Rat Model and Effects of Balgham Munziq Treatment.
98  Achromatic Phase Shifters
(2 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
SF (1 time)
TIR (1 time)
2005 Use of subwavelength gratings in TIR incidence as achromatic phase shifters.
99  Active People Survey
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
FSP (1 time)
GSV (1 time)
2015 The impact of the free swimming programme in a local community in the South East of England: giving with one hand, taking away with the other.
100  acute kidney injury prediction score
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AUC-ROC (1 time)
CPRs (1 time)
HA-AKI (1 time)
2017 Predicting AKI in emergency admissions: an external validation study of the acute kidney injury prediction score (APS).