A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : AR

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : AR
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 3 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: AR
Appearance Frequency: 22297 time(s)
Long forms: 1221

Display Settings:
[Display Entries]
Long Form, 100 entries
    (Appearance freq, Descending)
Long Form, all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
androgen receptor
(8998 times)
Neoplasms
(2033 times)
PCa (629 times)
CRPC (609 times)
ER (568 times)
1979 Interaction of spironolactone with rat skin androgen receptor.
allergic rhinitis
(2381 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1077 times)
OVA (135 times)
IL (100 times)
NAR (97 times)
1980 Allergic and nonallergic rhinitis: their characterization with attention to the meaning of nasal eosinophilia.
aortic regurgitation
(1162 times)
Cardiology
(788 times)
LV (207 times)
AS (141 times)
MR (110 times)
1976 [Electrocardiographic and radiographic course after aortic valve replacement].
acute rejection
(836 times)
Transplantation
(464 times)
DGF (75 times)
CR (65 times)
ATN (43 times)
1975 Arteriography of renal transplants.
aldose reductase
(699 times)
Biochemistry
(155 times)
SDH (44 times)
STZ (39 times)
ROS (26 times)
1977 Aldose reductase and sorbitol dehydrogenase distribution in rat kidney.
acrosome reaction
(589 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(357 times)
ZP (73 times)
CTC (21 times)
IVF (20 times)
1980 Induction of the acrosome reaction in guinea pig spermatozoa by cGMP analogues.
adrenergic receptor
(505 times)
Biochemistry
(88 times)
NE (52 times)
ISO (23 times)
BAT (20 times)
1987 Regulation of adrenergic receptor function by phosphorylation. II. Effects of agonist occupancy on phosphorylation of alpha 1- and beta 2-adrenergic receptors by protein kinase C and the cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase.
autoregressive
(471 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(171 times)
EEG (51 times)
FFT (45 times)
HRV (30 times)
1974 Modeling and forecasting populations by time series: The Swedish case.
autosomal recessive
(350 times)
Genetics, Medical
(85 times)
AD (142 times)
RP (27 times)
XL (22 times)
1980 [Medico-genetic study of the population of Turkmenistan. I. Hereditary diseases in 5 districts of the Ashkabad region].
10  augmented reality
(349 times)
Medical Informatics
(88 times)
VR (44 times)
CT (14 times)
HMD (7 times)
1997 Towards a novel augmented-reality tool to visualize dynamic 3-D anatomy.
11  adenosine receptor
(342 times)
Chemistry
(90 times)
NECA (13 times)
WT (11 times)
GPCRs (10 times)
1991 Methylxanthine treatment of smooth muscle cells differentially modulates adenylate cyclase responsiveness.
12  androgen
(220 times)
Neoplasms
(35 times)
ER (125 times)
PR (88 times)
GR (55 times)
1983 Serum hormone and steroid hormone receptor levels during luteal-phase and long-term treatment with danazol.
13  amphiregulin
(217 times)
Neoplasms
(67 times)
EGF (88 times)
EGFR (60 times)
TGF-alpha (39 times)
1988 Amphiregulin: a bifunctional growth-modulating glycoprotein produced by the phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-treated human breast adenocarcinoma cell line MCF-7.
14  antireflection
(152 times)
Ophthalmology
(86 times)
LbL (6 times)
SEM (5 times)
HR (4 times)
1979 Antireflective coatings applied from metal-organic derived liquid precursors.
15  aspect ratio
(145 times)
Nanotechnology
(23 times)
SR (10 times)
IA (6 times)
FF (5 times)
1998 Structure of the Aggregates During the Process of Aggregation and Breakup Under a Shear Flow.
16  acoustic rhinometry
(144 times)
Otolaryngology
(90 times)
MCA (31 times)
VAS (18 times)
PNIF (15 times)
1993 [Acoustic rhinometry: measuring the early and late phase of allergic immediate reaction in allergic rhinitis].
17  antibiotic resistance
(138 times)
Environmental Health
(38 times)
ARG (8 times)
ARGs (8 times)
ARB (7 times)
1993 Studies on the ecology of aquatic bacteria of the lower Niger Delta: multiple antibiotic resistance among the standard plate count organisms.
18  androgen receptor gene
(115 times)
Neoplasms
(19 times)
AIS (9 times)
CAIS (7 times)
PAIS (6 times)
1991 Molecular genetic analysis of the Ta25H deletion: evidence for additional deleted loci.
19  attributable risk
(107 times)
Epidemiology
(16 times)
RR (30 times)
CI (22 times)
OR (16 times)
1982 [Lung cancer and cigarette smoking in women. (Results of a case control study)].
20  axial rotation
(96 times)
Orthopedics
(50 times)
LB (84 times)
FE (72 times)
ROM (50 times)
1997 In vitro testing of a new transpedicular stabilization technique.
21  anterior resection
(92 times)
General Surgery
(48 times)
APR (38 times)
APE (10 times)
LAR (10 times)
1978 Abdominosacral resection for carcinoma of the midrectum: ten years experience.
22  adaptive response
(87 times)
Genetics
(34 times)
MN (12 times)
BE (7 times)
CD (5 times)
1991 Adaptive response in irradiated human lymphocytes: radiobiological and genetical aspects.
23  airway responsiveness
(84 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(42 times)
AHR (10 times)
MCh (7 times)
BALF (6 times)
1984 The relationship between airways responsiveness and chronic airflow limitation.
24  attack rate
(75 times)
Communicable Diseases
(25 times)
CI (14 times)
RR (6 times)
VE (6 times)
1989 Shigellosis outbreaks at summer camps for the mentally retarded in New York State.
25  artificially reared
(67 times)
Pediatrics
(18 times)
MR (29 times)
PND (8 times)
MF (4 times)
1983 Small intestine of artificially reared rat pups: weight gain and changes in alkaline phosphatase, lactase and sucrase activities during development.
26  allograft rejection
(65 times)
Transplantation
(39 times)
RT-PCR (7 times)
ESRD (4 times)
AECA (3 times)
1982 Bilateral versus unilateral penetrating graft in keratoconus.
27  anthelmintic resistance
(65 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(45 times)
FECRT (17 times)
FEC (13 times)
GIN (12 times)
1995 [Anthelmintics resistance in gastrointestinal nematodes in domestic animals].
28  antigen retrieval
(65 times)
Histocytochemistry
(35 times)
IHC (16 times)
FFPE (6 times)
ICC (4 times)
1994 Expression of EBV encoded latent membrane protein 1 (LMP-1) and bcl-2 protein in childhood and adult Hodgkin's disease: application of microwave irradiation for antigen retrieval.
29  aortic valve regurgitation
(65 times)
Cardiology
(37 times)
LV (22 times)
AS (6 times)
MR (6 times)
1989 [Aortic and tricuspid valve replacement in a case of corrected transposition of the great arteries].
30  area at risk
(64 times)
Cardiology
(39 times)
IS (25 times)
AN (11 times)
IA (7 times)
1981 Demonstration of lateral and epicardial border zone salvage by flurbiprofen using an in vivo method for assessing myocardium at risk.
31  Alkylresorcinols
(55 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(41 times)
WG (12 times)
DHPPA (8 times)
DHBA (6 times)
2003 Alkylresorcinols in cereals and cereal products.
32  atrophic rhinitis
(55 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(36 times)
Bb (5 times)
PM (4 times)
ADG (3 times)
1977 Treatment with oxytetracycline hydrochloride in the prevention of atrophic rhinitis in baby pigs.
33  aspirin resistance
(54 times)
Vascular Diseases
(14 times)
AS (14 times)
AA (10 times)
ADP (8 times)
2006 Dipyridamole decreases protease-activated receptor and annexin-v binding on platelets of post stroke patients with aspirin nonresponsiveness.
34  aeration rate
(52 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
MC (4 times)
BA (3 times)
CR (3 times)
1981 [Pharmacokinetic characteristics of 14C-peritol based on data on its distribution in rat tissue].
35  adventitious root
(51 times)
Botany
(27 times)
NO (6 times)
IAA (5 times)
IBA (4 times)
2004 Adventitious root formation in Arabidopsis thaliana thin cell layers.
36  Astragali Radix
(51 times)
Pharmacology
(24 times)
DBT (15 times)
ASR (14 times)
RR (4 times)
1996 Protective effect of astragali radix by oral administration against Japanese encephalitis virus infection in mice.
37  antimicrobial resistance
(48 times)
Microbiology
(17 times)
ABF (3 times)
AS (3 times)
MDR (3 times)
2000 Antibiotic resistance monitoring: a laboratory perspective.
38  anatomic resection
(46 times)
General Surgery
(22 times)
HCC (27 times)
NAR (25 times)
OS (11 times)
2001 Hodgkin's disease after treatment for Burkitt's lymphoma: case report.
39  adiposity rebound
(43 times)
Pediatrics
(16 times)
BMI (21 times)
CI (5 times)
AP (3 times)
1998 Early adiposity rebound and the risk of adult obesity.
40  absolute risk
(41 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
RR (13 times)
CI (8 times)
CVD (5 times)
1987 Radiation carcinogenesis in humans: is it necessary to revise exposure dose limits based on recent estimates of lifetime risks?
41  active renin
(41 times)
Vascular Diseases
(7 times)
IR (13 times)
PRA (8 times)
TR (6 times)
1980 Inactive renin and prostaglandin E2 production in hyporeninemic hypoaldosteronism.
42  adverse reactions
(37 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
HR (3 times)
AS (2 times)
MS (2 times)
1979 Furosemide-induced adverse reactions in cirrhosis of the liver.
43  acid resistance
(36 times)
Microbiology
(18 times)
STEC (5 times)
ATR (4 times)
adiA (2 times)
1995 Comparative analysis of extreme acid survival in Salmonella typhimurium, Shigella flexneri, and Escherichia coli.
44  apoptotic rate
(36 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
AMI (5 times)
TUNEL (4 times)
AI (3 times)
1996 Apoptosis in glial tumors as determined by in situ nonradioactive labeling of DNA breaks.
45  applied relaxation
(36 times)
Therapeutics
(17 times)
GAD (14 times)
CBT (7 times)
CT (7 times)
1993 Applied relaxation training in the treatment of genital herpes.
46  acoustic reflex
(33 times)
Audiology
(19 times)
ABR (4 times)
HL (3 times)
ART (2 times)
1976 Acoustic reflex latency as a function of frequency and intensity of eliciting stimulus.
47  active recovery
(31 times)
Sports Medicine
(17 times)
PR (22 times)
HR (6 times)
CWI (4 times)
1983 Prior exhaustive exercise and subsequent, maximal constant load exercise performance.
48  ankyrin repeat
(30 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
FIH (2 times)
AKT1 (1 time)
aph (1 time)
2003 Designed to be stable: crystal structure of a consensus ankyrin repeat protein.
49  aromatase
(27 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
AG (7 times)
ER (4 times)
CSCC (3 times)
1987 Effect of the antiprogestin RU486 on human ovarian steroidogenesis.
50  autoregressive model
(26 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(14 times)
FFT (4 times)
HRV (4 times)
ARMA (3 times)
1992 Detection and evolution of rhythmic components in ictal EEG using short segment spectra and discriminant analysis.
51  autoregulation
(26 times)
Neurosurgery
(7 times)
CPP (6 times)
ICP (5 times)
CBF (4 times)
1991 [Effect of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor and calcium channel blocker on renal function of spontaneously hypertensive rat].
52  action research
(24 times)
Nursing
(6 times)
CBPR (1 time)
CBR (1 time)
CPS (1 time)
2002 Studying health care "quality" qualitatively: the dilemmas and tensions between different forms of evaluation research within the U.K. National Health Service.
53  asymmetry ratio
(23 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
oVEMP (6 times)
EMG (4 times)
BCV (3 times)
1992 Asymmetric metabolism of hypothalamic catecholamines alternates with side of ovulation in a lizard (Anolis carolinensis).
54  acquired resistance
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
NSCLC (8 times)
EGFR (7 times)
TKIs (6 times)
2003 Acquired resistance functions in mlo barley, which is hypersusceptible to Magnaporthe grisea.
55  acute cellular rejection
(22 times)
Transplantation
(13 times)
NR (3 times)
CR (2 times)
CVE (2 times)
1991 Does histologic acute rejection in lung allografts predict the development of bronchiolitis obliterans?
56  aortic root
(22 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
AV (5 times)
AA (3 times)
LV (3 times)
1976 Echocardiographic criteria of normal left atrial size in adults.
57  access recirculation
(21 times)
Transplantation
(9 times)
AVF (4 times)
CPR (4 times)
EID (3 times)
1995 Estimating equilibrated Kt/V from an intradialytic sample: effects of access and cardiopulmonary recirculations.
58  accommodative response
(21 times)
Ophthalmology
(12 times)
AS (4 times)
TA (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1986 A quasi-static study of accommodation in amblyopia.
59  alizarin red
(21 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
ALP (5 times)
OC (2 times)
AB (1 time)
1998 Effects of polyelectrolyte complex (PEC) on human periodontal ligament fibroblast (HPLF) function. I. Three-dimensional structure of HPLF cultured on PEC.
60  anaphylactoid reactions
(21 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
RCM (3 times)
ACE (2 times)
BK (2 times)
1978 Radiographic contrast media studies in high-risk patients.
61  average reference
(21 times)
Neurosciences
(7 times)
EEG (10 times)
REST (10 times)
LM (9 times)
1994 Focal abnormalities of P3 ERPs unveiled in patients with cortical lesions and primary progressive aphasia by average reference recordings.
62  allelic richness
(20 times)
Science
(5 times)
He (3 times)
ABC (1 time)
Ae (1 time)
2003 Effects of native forest regeneration practices on genetic diversity in Eucalyptus consideniana.
63  allergic rhinoconjunctivitis
(20 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(14 times)
AD (3 times)
AIT (2 times)
SPT (2 times)
2000 Atopic diseases among adults in the two geographically related arctic areas Nikel, Russia and Sor-Varanger, Norway: possible effects of indoor and outdoor air pollution.
64  activity ratio
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
CI (2 times)
AP (1 time)
ASMC (1 time)
1992 Inhibition of pig aortic smooth muscle cell DNA synthesis by selective type III and type IV cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase inhibitors.
65  Amplex Red
(19 times)
Biotechnology
(5 times)
HRP (5 times)
ATP (2 times)
AUR (1 time)
2000 Fluorescent coupled enzyme assays for D-alanine: application to penicillin-binding protein and vancomycin activity assays.
66  area ratio
(19 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
SAECG (3 times)
ARFI (2 times)
VTQ (2 times)
1990 Effect of age on the in vitro reflection coefficient of the aortoiliac bifurcation in humans.
67  androgen-androgen receptor
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
PSA (3 times)
ARKO (2 times)
CRPC (2 times)
2003 Molecular communication between androgen receptor and general transcription machinery.
68  airway reactivity
(17 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(7 times)
AHR (3 times)
MCh (3 times)
OVA (3 times)
1986 Effect of age on lung mechanics and airway reactivity in lambs.
69  area
(17 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
ACL (2 times)
Dm (2 times)
FV (2 times)
1990 [An experimental study of the orthodontic force effect on internal remodeling of mandibular bone].
70  aortic
(16 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
MR (15 times)
TR (6 times)
CI (3 times)
1983 Quantitation of aortic and mitral regurgitation in the pediatric population: evaluation by radionuclide angiocardiography.
71  assisted reproduction
(16 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(7 times)
ICSI (2 times)
CS (1 time)
DC (1 time)
1993 Establishment of an assisted reproduction program in the Armed Forces.
72  autoradiography
(16 times)
Biophysics
(4 times)
PET (3 times)
PF (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
1980 DNA synthesis and cell cycle progression of synchronized L-cells after irradiation in various phases of the cell cycle.
73  allergic
(15 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
NAR (11 times)
IR (2 times)
ARIA (1 time)
1995 The study of pollen and Der p mite-specific IgE antibodies in children with allergic rhinitis.
74  amplitude ratio
(15 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
CCT (3 times)
CMCT (2 times)
Cu (2 times)
1985 The monkey vertical vestibuloocular response: a frequency domain study.
75  anhydroretinol
(15 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
RP (6 times)
14-HRR (4 times)
5,6-epoxy-RP (2 times)
1978 [Synthesis of retinyl phosphate, its physico-chemical properties and biological activity].
76  Asparagus racemosus
(15 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
MAR (2 times)
ARM (1 time)
BDNF (1 time)
1988 Comparative study of immunomodulating activity of Indian medicinal plants, lithium carbonate and glucan.
77  axillary recurrence
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
SLNB (8 times)
ALND (6 times)
HR (3 times)
1996 Isolated axillary recurrences after conservative treatment of breast cancer.
78  activity restriction
(14 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
CBV (2 times)
IR (2 times)
IVGTT (2 times)
2005 Validity of reported energy expenditure and reported intake of energy, protein, sodium and potassium in rheumatoid arthritis patients in a dietary intervention study.
79  adequate relief
(14 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
IBS (10 times)
IBS-QOL (3 times)
IBS-SSS (3 times)
2009 Adequate relief in a treatment trial with IBS patients: a prospective assessment.
80  arthritis
(14 times)
Rheumatology
(5 times)
CR (2 times)
RF (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1968 [Laboratory results in rheumatoid arthritis (A.R.)].
81  Allura Red
(13 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
AM (2 times)
BB (2 times)
SY (2 times)
2005 Loading and release of charged dyes using ultrathin hydrogels.
82  Arkansas
(13 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
LA (3 times)
CA (2 times)
GA (2 times)
1995 Sputum cytology within and across laboratories. A reliability study.
83  arrhythmia
(13 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
HR (2 times)
NOR (2 times)
SCN (2 times)
1981 Effect of prostaglandin synthesis inhibition and sympathectomy on ouabain-induced arrhythmia in cats.
84  auramine-rhodamine
(13 times)
Microbiology
(5 times)
ZN (3 times)
AF (2 times)
AO (2 times)
1979 Comparison of auramine-rhodamine B and acridine orange for staining of acid-fast bacteria.
85  average risk
(13 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
HR (11 times)
MR (5 times)
APCS (4 times)
1993 Risk-directed therapy for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Results of the Associazione Italiana Ematologia Oncologia Pediatrica '82 studies.
86  akinetic-rigid
(12 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
PD (12 times)
TD (9 times)
STN (3 times)
2004 Hand rhythmic tapping and timing in Parkinson's disease.
87  acid rain
(11 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
ROS (2 times)
Ca (1 time)
N-SiAR (1 time)
2005 Responses of antioxidant enzyme and photosynthesis in rape seedling to the combined stresses of acid rain and ultraviolet-B radiation.
88  actinic reticuloid
(11 times)
Dermatology
(9 times)
CAD (2 times)
MF (2 times)
3IAA (1 time)
1983 Cellular hypersensitivity to UV-A: a clue to the aetiology of actinic reticuloid?
89  acute rejection episodes
(11 times)
Transplantation
(7 times)
DGF (3 times)
CR (2 times)
MMF (2 times)
1982 Circulating immune complexes during various forms of renal allograft rejection episodes.
90  adrenodoxin reductase
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
Adx (5 times)
Ad (2 times)
A/KR (1 time)
1985 [Reconstruction and study of a multi-enzyme system by 11 beta-hydroxylase steroids].
91  ambiguity resolution
(11 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(11 times)
GNSS (3 times)
PPP (3 times)
BDS (2 times)
2015 Performance analysis on carrier phase-based tightly-coupled GPS/BDS/INS integration in GNSS degraded and denied environments.
92  arcuate nucleus
(11 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
PR (4 times)
IR (3 times)
ME (3 times)
1985 Testosterone 5 alpha-reductase in discrete hypothalamic nuclear areas in the rat: effect of castration.
93  atrial reversal
(11 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
LV (4 times)
DT (3 times)
ASD (2 times)
1998 Left atrial function in congestive heart failure: assessment by transmitral and pulmonary vein Doppler.
94  airway resistance
(10 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
Cdyn (2 times)
MDA (2 times)
OSAS (2 times)
1975 Effect of propranolol on respiratory function and exercise tolerance in patients with chronic obstructive lung disease.
95  aldehyde reductase
(10 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
beta-NF (1 time)
CAAE (1 time)
CHBE (1 time)
1978 A comparative study of the tissue and species distribution of NADPH-dependent aldehyde reductase.
96  anticipated regret
(10 times)
Psychology
(6 times)
TPB (4 times)
ITT (2 times)
QC (2 times)
2003 Acting on intentions: the role of anticipated regret.
97  appearance rates
(10 times)
Nephrology
(9 times)
PD (7 times)
CA125 (4 times)
PET (3 times)
1995 Dialysate markers of peritoneal tissue during peritonitis and in stable CAPD.
98  arterial reconstruction
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
CA (2 times)
AA (1 time)
AHC (1 time)
1996 Walking ability and quality of life as outcome measures in a comparison of arterial reconstruction and leg amputation for the treatment of vascular disease.
99  at-risk
(10 times)
Psychology
(4 times)
HD (3 times)
BPD (1 time)
BPRS24-EA (1 time)
1990 Increased false alarms in a subset of persons at-risk for Huntington's disease.
100  Axenfeld-Rieger
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
ASD (1 time)
EMSA (1 time)
FHD (1 time)
1983 Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome: a theory of mechanism and distinctions from the iridocorneal endothelial syndrome.