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■ Search Result - Abbreviation : ARA

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Abbreviation: ARA
Appearance Frequency: 1114 time(s)
Long forms: 141

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
arachidonic acid
(466 times)
Biochemistry
(99 times)
DHA (203 times)
EPA (108 times)
PUFA (45 times)
1978 Effect of arachidonic acid (ARA), prostaglandins E2 (PGE2), and F2alpha (PGF2alpha) on sensitized spleen cells in the hemolytic plaque assay.
American Rheumatism Association
(135 times)
Rheumatology
(59 times)
RA (51 times)
SLE (44 times)
ANA (7 times)
1975 Studies of twins with systemic lupus erythematosus. A review of the literature and presentation of 12 additional sets.
angle recess area
(43 times)
Ophthalmology
(37 times)
AOD (29 times)
TISA (21 times)
AS-OCT (20 times)
1999 Ultrasound biomicroscopy dark room provocative testing: a quantitative method for estimating anterior chamber angle width.
antiretinal antibodies
(37 times)
Gastroenterology
(10 times)
AGA (10 times)
CD (7 times)
AMD (4 times)
1984 Failure of R1 type anti-reticulin antibody to react with fibronectin, collagen type III or the non-collagenous reticulin component (NCRC).
anorectal angle
(34 times)
Gastroenterology
(20 times)
CD (2 times)
DD (2 times)
LPA (2 times)
1984 Defecography: I. Description of a new procedure and results in normal patients.
arachidonic
(24 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
DHA (20 times)
EPA (13 times)
PUFA (5 times)
1998 Eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids alter rat spleen leukocyte fatty acid composition and prostaglandin E2 production but have different effects on lymphocyte functions and cell-mediated immunity.
acetylene reduction assay
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
BNF (2 times)
IAA (2 times)
AO (1 time)
1988 Contribution of nitrogen fixation to nitrogen nutrition in an alpine sedge community (Caricetum curvulae).
acetylene reduction activity
(21 times)
Microbiology
(11 times)
NO (2 times)
SRB (2 times)
AAT (1 time)
1986 Tight coupling of root-associated nitrogen fixation and plant photosynthesis in the salt marsh grass Spartina alterniflora and carbon dioxide enhancement of nitrogenase activity.
antibiotic resistance analysis
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(12 times)
MST (8 times)
ARCC (3 times)
BST (2 times)
2002 Antibiotic resistance profiles to determine sources of fecal contamination in a rural Virginia watershed.
10  Action Research Arm Test
(15 times)
Rehabilitation
(12 times)
MAL (5 times)
FM (4 times)
WMFT (4 times)
1999 The long-term outcome of arm function after stroke: results of a follow-up study.
11  Action Research Arm
(13 times)
Rehabilitation
(7 times)
MAL (5 times)
FMA (2 times)
MCID (2 times)
1999 Forced use of the upper extremity in chronic stroke patients: results from a single-blind randomized clinical trial.
12  angiotensin receptor antagonists
(13 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
ACEI (9 times)
CCBs (2 times)
NO (2 times)
1992 Autoradiographic characterization of angiotensin receptor subtypes in fetal and adult human kidney.
13  accessory renal artery
(12 times)
Vascular Diseases
(9 times)
EVAR (5 times)
CKD (2 times)
eGFR (2 times)
2010 Accessory renal vessels at the upper and lower pole of the kidney: a cadaveric study with clinical implications.
14  anorectal anomalies
(12 times)
General Surgery
(10 times)
MRI (5 times)
SD (4 times)
ARM (2 times)
1994 The incidence of occult spinal dysraphism and the onset of neurovesical dysfunction in children with anorectal anomalies.
15  antiradical activity
(12 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
AOA (4 times)
AA (2 times)
DC (2 times)
1982 [Antiradical activity and sulfhydryl group concentration in normal and tumor tissue].
16  aldosterone receptor antagonist
(11 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
HF (3 times)
RAAS (3 times)
ACEI (2 times)
2000 Aldosterone antagonists in hypertension and heart failure.
17  Axenfeld-Rieger anomaly
(11 times)
Genetics, Medical
(5 times)
ARS (3 times)
CTT (1 time)
FOXC1 (1 time)
1999 Expression of the Mf1 gene in developing mouse hearts: implication in the development of human congenital heart defects.
18  adolescent relationship abuse
(10 times)
Violence
(4 times)
AOR (2 times)
CI (2 times)
STRiV (2 times)
2013 Adolescent relationship abuse and reproductive and sexual coercion among teens.
19  acute respiratory acidosis
(8 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
CSF (3 times)
IMCD (3 times)
AMA (1 time)
1978 Characterization of distal hydrogen ion secretion in acute respiratory alkalosis.
20  allergic rhinitis and asthma
(7 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
CARAT (3 times)
ADAM33 (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2009 Association of ADAM33 gene polymorphisms with adult concomitant allergic rhinitis and asthma in Chinese Han population.
21  anterior repositioning appliance
(6 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
TMJ (6 times)
MMI (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
1995 Recapture of temporomandibular joint disks using anterior repositioning appliances: an MRI study.
22  advanced reproductive age
(5 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
LPDFs (3 times)
MRA (3 times)
COS (1 time)
2013 Age-related changes in major ovarian follicular wave dynamics during the human menstrual cycle.
23  anti-RNA polymerase autoantibody
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
SSc (2 times)
ACA (1 time)
ATA (1 time)
2001 Class II HLA associations with autoantibodies in scleroderma: a highly significant role for HLA-DP.
24  asymmetric reductive amination
(5 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
c,e (1 time)
DKR (1 time)
THIQs (1 time)
2014 Asymmetric reductive amination.
25  alpha-l-arabinofuranosidase
(4 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
AXOS (1 time)
betaG (1 time)
PET (1 time)
2000 A simple method for purifying glycosidases: alpha-l-rhamnopyranosidase from Aspergillus niger to increase the aroma of Moscato wine.
26  anti-receptor antibody
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
DTH (2 times)
PC (2 times)
1975 Anti-receptor antibody. II. Induction of long-term unresponsiveness in neonatal mice.
27  anti-RNA polymerase III
(4 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
SSc (4 times)
ATA (3 times)
dcSSc (1 time)
2009 Increased apoptosis in circulating lymphocyte cultures of anti-RNA polymerase III positive patients with systemic sclerosis.
28  arachidonate
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
DGLA (1 time)
EPA (1 time)
GLA (1 time)
1997 Lead disrupts eicosanoid metabolism, macrophage function, and disease resistance in birds.
29  associative recognition of antigen
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
eTh (3 times)
APC (1 time)
NS (1 time)
2003 A computerized model for the self-non-self discrimination at the level of the T(h) (Th genesis). II. The behavior of the system upon encounter with non-self antigens.
30  absolute rotation angle
(3 times)
Physical Therapy Modalities
(1 time)
ACROM (1 time)
CFE (1 time)
CNP (1 time)
1998 Further analysis of the reliability of the posterior tangent lateral lumbar radiographic mensuration procedure: concurrent validity of computer-aided X-ray digitization.
31  acetabular roof angle
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
CE (2 times)
AHI (1 time)
DDH (1 time)
2012 Triple innominate osteotomy for Legg-Calve-Perthes disease in children: does the lateral coverage change with time?
32  American Rheumatism Association Criteria
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
RA (2 times)
DIF (1 time)
DLE (1 time)
1995 Diagnostic evaluation of the lupus band test in discoid and systemic lupus erythematosus.
33  anterior rim angle
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
AMR (3 times)
AWA (3 times)
FAI (1 time)
2012 New radiographic parameters to describe anterior acetabular rim trimming during hip arthroscopy.
34  anthracycline resistance associated
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
MRP (3 times)
ABC (2 times)
ara (1 time)
1996 The anthracycline resistance-associated (ara) gene, a novel gene associated with multidrug resistance in a human leukaemia cell line.
35  antirituximab antibodies
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ARR (1 time)
DAS28 (1 time)
EDSS (1 time)
2010 Clinical response, pharmacokinetics, development of human anti-chimaeric antibodies, and synovial tissue response to rituximab treatment in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.
36  artificial reflex arc
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
--- 1987 Artificial reflex arc: a potential solution for chronic aspiration. I. Neck skin stimulation triggering strap muscle contraction in the canine.
37  automated robopsy arm
(3 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Real-time intraprocedural 18F-FDG PET/CT-guided biopsy using automated robopsy arm (ARA) in the diagnostic evaluation of thoracic lesions with prior inconclusive biopsy results: initial experience from a tertiary health care centre.
38  9-beta-D-arabinofuranosyladenine
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
cAMP (1 time)
DDA (1 time)
PGE1 (1 time)
1984 Inhibition of equine S-adenohomocysteine hydrolase by 2'-deoxyadenosine.
39  acid-reducing agents
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
DDIs (2 times)
ARAs (1 time)
GIST (1 time)
2013 Prevalence of acid-reducing agents (ARA) in cancer populations and ARA drug-drug interaction potential for molecular targeted agents in clinical development.
40  adenosine regulating agent
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
CABG (1 time)
HF (1 time)
LV (1 time)
2006 Post-reperfusion myocardial infarction: long-term survival improvement using adenosine regulation with acadesine.
41  adversarial-risk-analysis
(2 times)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
--- 2016 Adversarial Risk Analysis for Urban Security Resource Allocation.
42  American College of Rheumatology
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
RA (1 time)
1993 How often is seropositive rheumatoid arthritis an erosive disease? A 17-year followup study.
43  anatomical retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2011 Anatomic retroperitoneoscopic adrenalectomy for selected adrenal tumors >5 cm: our technique and experience.
44  anterior radicular artery
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
ASA (2 times)
BBB (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
2015 CT angiography of cervical anterior spinal artery and anterior radicular artery: preliminary study on technology and its clinical application.
45  anthracyclin resistance-associated protein
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BCRP (2 times)
P-gp (2 times)
TAP (2 times)
2000 The prognostic significance of membrane transport-associated multidrug resistance (MDR) proteins in leukemia.
46  antirachitic activity
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
FID (1 time)
GW (1 time)
nd (1 time)
2017 Milk vitamin D in relation to the 'adequate intake' for 0-6-month-old infants: a study in lactating women with different cultural backgrounds, living at different latitudes.
47  aortic root abscess
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ARR (1 time)
AVR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
1991 Aortic root complications of infective endocarditis--influence on surgical outcome.
48  aortic root aneurysm
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
ARR (1 time)
AVR (1 time)
AVSRR (1 time)
2013 Aortic root replacement for ascending aortic disease: a 10 year review.
49  AR associated proteins
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AR (2 times)
ARA55 (1 time)
BPH (1 time)
1999 Differential induction of the androgen receptor transcriptional activity by selective androgen receptor coactivators.
50  arachidonic acid,20:4n-6
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ANGPTL4 (1 time)
DHA (1 time)
EPA (1 time)
2011 Docosahexaenoic acid stimulates tube formation in first trimester trophoblast cells, HTR8/SVneo.
51  arcuate renal artery
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
EDV (2 times)
RI (2 times)
CCA (1 time)
2004 Evaluation of differences between observers and automatic-manual measurements in calculation of Doppler parameters.
52  arthroscopic resection arthroplasty
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
CMC (1 time)
DASH (1 time)
STT (1 time)
2011 Arthroscopic resection arthroplasty for treatment of combined carpometacarpal and scaphotrapeziotrapezoid (pantrapezial) arthritis.
53  artifact reduction algorithm
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AC (2 times)
CBCT (1 time)
Sn (1 time)
2007 The reduction of artifacts due to metal hip implants in CT-attenuation corrected PET images from hybrid PET/CT scanners.
54  AT1-receptor antagonists
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
ACEI (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
2004 [Renin-angiotensin system and its role in cardiovascular physiopathology and therapy].
55  autosomal recessive agammaglobulinemia
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
XLA (1 time)
2017 Autosomal recessive agammaglobulinemia due to defect in mu heavy chain caused by a novel mutation in the IGHM gene.
56  D-arabinose dehydrogenase
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
eAsA (1 time)
2006 NAD+-specific D-arabinose dehydrogenase and its contribution to erythroascorbic acid production in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
57  2-arachidonylglycerol
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
CB (1 time)
COC (1 time)
MA (1 time)
2005 Persistent anxiogenic effects of a single or repeated doses of cocaine and methamphetamine: interactions with endogenous cannabinoid receptor ligands.
58  aa. renales accessoriae
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AAA (1 time)
AL (1 time)
AMI (1 time)
2010 [Prevention of type II endoleak using postoperative coiling of the abdominal aortic aneurysm sac during stent graft implantation].
59  aberrant radial artery
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
PTCAs (1 time)
TRP (1 time)
2006 Coronary angiography and angioplasty using the aberrant radial artery as an access site.
60  absolute removal amount
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
EY (1 time)
2008 Photolysis of low concentration H2S under UV/VUV irradiation emitted from microwave discharge electrodeless lamps.
61  Absorption rate analysis
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2014 The role of the stomach in drug absorption as observed via absorption rate analysis.
62  accept/reject algorithm
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
CLAWS (1 time)
EE-ARA (1 time)
2010 A fully automatic and highly efficient navigator gating technique for high-resolution free-breathing acquisitions: Continuously adaptive windowing strategy.
63  acetylating radio-enzymatic assay
(1 time)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(1 time)
RIA (1 time)
1975 Radioimmunoassay, acetylating radio-enzymatic assay, and microbioassay of gentamicin: a comparative study.
64  activated release of arachidonate
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BK (1 time)
BPAEC (1 time)
G protein (1 time)
1992 Mechanisms in bradykinin stimulated arachidonate release and synthesis of prostaglandin and platelet activating factor.
65  activation induced resistance to apoptosis
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
ASA (1 time)
1993 Activation interferes with the APO-1 pathway in mature human T cells.
66  activity per unit nodule mass
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2013 Growth and N2 fixation in an Alnus hirsuta (Turcz.) var. sibirica stand in Japan.
67  actuarial risk assessment
(1 time)
Social Work
(1 time)
PRM (1 time)
RPM (1 time)
2016 A Minority Report for Social Work? The Predictive Risk Model (PRM) and the Tuituia Assessment Framework in addressing the needs of New Zealand's Vulnerable Children.
68  acute respiratory affection
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1978 [Role of various diseases of the upper respiratory tract in the epidemiological process of streptococcal infections].
69  Acute ruminal acidosis
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
GC-MS (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
2019 Metabolic disturbances in synovial fluid are involved in the onset of synovitis in heifers with acute ruminal acidosis.
70  acute ruminal lactic acidosis
(1 time)
--- 2017 Serum proteinogram in sheep with acute ruminal lactic acidosis.
71  adenosine receptor agonist
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
B-CLL (1 time)
2008 Acadesine: AICA riboside, ARA 100, arasine, GP 1 110.
72  adiposity rebound age
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ARR (1 time)
ORR (1 time)
1998 [National epidemiological study on obesity of children aged 0-7 years in China 1996].
73  adjustment reaction of adolescence
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
A-P (1 time)
BL-S (1 time)
1978 Annotated contract technic: special adolescent groups.
74  Adolescent Role Assessment
(1 time)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
--- 2002 The adolescent role assessment: psychometric properties and theoretical usefulness.
75  adult rheumatoid arthritis
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BUT (1 time)
SRA (1 time)
1993 Lacrimal defects in adult and senile rheumatoid arthritis.
76  affected arm
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
MAL (1 time)
MCID (1 time)
1999 Forced use of the upper extremity in chronic stroke patients: results from a single-blind randomized clinical trial.
77  affective respiratory attacks
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 1990 [Affective-respiratory attacks ( clinical aspects, pathogenesis and rehabilitation)].
78  aggregation reversal agent
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
beta-LG (1 time)
BSA (1 time)
DLS (1 time)
2015 Heparin-like native protein aggregate dissociation by 1-alkyl-3-methyl imidazolium chloride ionic liquids.
79  aggressive rheumatoid arthritis
(1 time)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
GIARA (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2007 The Italian registry of aggressive rheumatoid arthritis -- the GIARA project.
80  Agora Radiographic Assessment
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AVN (1 time)
PMA (1 time)
2016 Total hip arthroplasty survival in femoral head avascular necrosis versus primary hip osteoarthritis: Case-control study with a mean 10-year follow-up after anatomical cementless metal-on-metal 28-mm replacement.
81  Agora Roentgenographic Assessment
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2012 Revision hip arthroplasty using a cementless modular tapered stem.
82  AIDS Research Alliance
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2001 Ensuring equitable benefits: the falealupo covenant and the isolation of anti-viral drug prostratin from a samoan medicinal plant.
83  air-righting ability
(1 time)
ARR (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2018 Passive Cushiony Biomechanics of Head Protection in Falling Geckos.
84  AKI Risk Assessment
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
AKI (1 time)
NRRT (1 time)
2017 Acute Kidney Injury Risk Assessment and the Nephrology Rapid Response Team.
85  Alcohol-related admissions
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
RTC (1 time)
2010 Are alcohol-related acute surgical admission rates falling?
86  alcohol-related advice
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
GDPs (1 time)
2011 Current practices and intention to provide alcohol-related health advice in primary dental care.
87  alcohol-related aggression
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
SES (1 time)
2016 Demographic Risk Factors for Alcohol-Related Aggression In and Around Licensed Venues.
88  Allen Reference Atlas
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Geometry processing of conventionally produced mouse brain slice images.
89  Alliance for Risk Assessment
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ESA (1 time)
OXA (1 time)
RfDs (1 time)
2010 Derived Reference Doses (RfDs) for the environmental degradates of the herbicides alachlor and acetochlor: results of an independent expert panel deliberation.
90  Amino-acid Residue Associations
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
PPI (1 time)
2009 Amino-acid residue association models for large scale protein-protein interaction prediction.
91  amylin receptor antagonist
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
GDR (1 time)
2002 Role of amylin in insulin secretion and action in humans: antagonist studies across the spectrum of insulin sensitivity.
92  anal reflex threshold
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
AMCP (1 time)
ARP (1 time)
EA (1 time)
2014 [Efficacy of spastic pelvic floor syndrome treated with electroacupuncture at Baliao (BL 31, BL 32, BL 33 and BL 34)].
93  anatomical root apex
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
ARA-R (1 time)
2015 Development and Evaluation of an Endodontic Simulation Model for Dental Students.
94  androgen-related alopecia
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
QST (1 time)
2011 Tactile and thermal detection thresholds of the scalp skin.
95  aneurysmal right atrium
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
--- 1984 A new surgical technique for aneurysmal right atrium.
96  angiotensin-releasing activity
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 1982 Evidence for renin in rat brain: differentiation from other reninlike enzymes.
97  anomalous radial artery
(1 time)
Anatomy
(1 time)
--- 2005 A case of an anomalous radial artery arising from the thoracoacromial trunk.
98  anorectal agenesis
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
GUT (1 time)
RCF (1 time)
RF (1 time)
2002 Relationship of the fistulas to the rectum and genitourinary tract in mouse fetuses with high anorectal malformations induced by all-trans retinoic acid.
99  anorectal atresia
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 1987 Anorectal atresia: prenatal sonographic diagnosis.
100  ansa cervicalis-to-RLN anastomosis
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
RLN (1 time)
2016 Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Liberations and Reconstructions: A Single Institution Experience.