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Abbreviation: ARD
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Long forms: 205

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
acute respiratory disease
(197 times)
Virology
(35 times)
AD (10 times)
CI (6 times)
HAdV (6 times)
1954 Evidence for the specific etiology of acute respiratory disease (ARD).
absolute risk difference
(125 times)
Medicine
(36 times)
RR (25 times)
CI (20 times)
RCTs (19 times)
2002 Systematic review and meta-analysis of antibiotic therapy for bone and joint infections.
autoimmune rheumatic diseases
(67 times)
Rheumatology
(20 times)
RA (12 times)
SLE (12 times)
NAb (4 times)
1985 Subclinical manifestations of autoimmune rheumatic diseases in primary Raynaud's phenomenon.
acid rock drainage
(60 times)
Environmental Health
(42 times)
AMD (6 times)
ABA (2 times)
AC (2 times)
2001 Large-scale experiments for microbiological evaluation of measures for safeguarding sulfidic mine waste.
ankyrin repeat domain
(58 times)
Biochemistry
(18 times)
FIH (12 times)
HIF (9 times)
TRP (7 times)
1993 Isolation of the chicken NF-kappa B p65 subunit-encoding cDNA and characterization of its products.
apple replant disease
(48 times)
Botany
(9 times)
ET (2 times)
ITS (2 times)
JA (2 times)
2005 Comparative Field Efficacy of Management Strategies Containing Brassica napus Seed Meal or Green Manure for the Control of Apple Replant Disease.
automatic relevance determination
(40 times)
Medical Informatics
(11 times)
ANN (4 times)
GP (3 times)
NMF (3 times)
2000 Risk stratification in heart failure using artificial neural networks.
acute radiation dermatitis
(30 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
RT (15 times)
QoL (5 times)
PBMT (4 times)
2007 Topical betamethasone for prevention of radiation dermatitis.
aortic root dilatation
(30 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
ASO (4 times)
AAD (3 times)
AR (3 times)
1998 Aortic root dilatation in Ehlers-Danlos syndrome types I, II and III. A report of five cases.
10  acireductone dioxygenase
(29 times)
Biochemistry
(8 times)
MSP (3 times)
ACC (2 times)
MTA (2 times)
2002 Modeling and experiment yields the structure of acireductone dioxygenase from Klebsiella pneumoniae.
11  asbestos-related disease
(26 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
HC (3 times)
MPM (3 times)
VOCs (3 times)
2004 Double standards: the multinational asbestos industry and asbestos-related disease in South Africa.
12  aortic root diameter
(23 times)
Vascular Diseases
(6 times)
BSA (5 times)
AF (2 times)
ARD/BSA (2 times)
1994 Left ventricular function in end stage renal disease--non-invasive assessment in patients on maintenance hemodialysis.
13  alcohol-related dementia
(22 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
AD (3 times)
KS (3 times)
AUD (2 times)
1994 Alcohol-related dementia in the institutionalized elderly.
14  age-related diseases
(21 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
PPI (3 times)
GERD (2 times)
HP (2 times)
1995 Steroids do not enhance the risk of developing tuberculosis or other AIDS-related diseases in HIV-infected patients treated for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia.
15  acute renal dysfunction
(19 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
AKIN (2 times)
CNI (2 times)
CPB (2 times)
1983 Risk of renal failure after major angiography.
16  Alcohol-related disorders
(19 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(8 times)
CHD (2 times)
CI (2 times)
AG (1 time)
1984 Alcohol-related death and associated risk factors in urban middle-aged males.
17  arginine-rich domain
(17 times)
Virology
(5 times)
HBV (12 times)
HBc (5 times)
NES (2 times)
2008 High immunogenecity and erythrocyte-binding activity in the tryptophan-rich domain (TRD) of the 74-kDa Plasmodium vivax alanine-tryptophan-rich antigen (PvATRAg74).
18  Antimicrobial Removal Device
(12 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
IPM (1 time)
SBC (1 time)
1982 Evaluation of the antimicrobial removal device when used with the BACTEC blood culture system.
19  adult Refsum disease
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
PA (4 times)
2OG (1 time)
3-MAA (1 time)
1993 A new peroxisomal disease with impaired phytanic and pipecolic acid oxidation.
20  antibiotic-responsive diarrhea
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
IBD (4 times)
CE (2 times)
FRD (2 times)
2001 Immune cell populations within the duodenal mucosa of dogs with enteropathies.
21  antigen recognition domain
(8 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
NGS (4 times)
HCT (3 times)
CWD (1 time)
2015 A gene feature enumeration approach for describing HLA allele polymorphism.
22  anti-resorptive drug
(7 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
MRONJ (3 times)
AUC (1 time)
BMD (1 time)
2014 Dramatic osteonecrosis of the jaw associated with oral bisphosphonates, periodontitis, and dental implant removal.
23  absorption rate density
(6 times)
Biology
(3 times)
FDTD (1 time)
LCF (1 time)
MNP (1 time)
1990 Absorption rate density (ARD) computation in microwave hyperthermia by the finite-difference time-domain method.
24  average root diameter
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
SRL (2 times)
AM (1 time)
AP (1 time)
2005 Phytoremediation in the tropics--influence of heavy crude oil on root morphological characteristics of graminoids.
25  abdominal rectus diastasis
(5 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
BA plots (1 time)
CCC (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2014 Analysis of the abdominal musculo-aponeurotic anatomy in rectus diastasis: comparison of CT scanning and preoperative clinical assessment with direct measurement intraoperatively.
26  adult reproductive diapause
(5 times)
Science
(3 times)
GSCs (1 time)
O-GlcNAc (1 time)
2009 Starvation protects germline stem cells and extends reproductive longevity in C. elegans.
27  anterior roof deafferentation
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
LQ (2 times)
AMYG (1 time)
ANE (1 time)
1982 Forebrain lordosis inhibiting system and serotonin neuron in female rats: effect of P-chloroamphetamine.
28  Absolute relative deviations
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
DSSM (2 times)
ECM (2 times)
THA (2 times)
2013 A multistep algorithm for processing and calibration of microdialysis continuous glucose monitoring data.
29  acute respiratory dysfunction
(4 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
2004 [Analysis of acute respiratory dysfunction as a risk factor of multiple injuries].
30  age-related dementias
(4 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
ADL (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2001 Vulnerability to health problems in female informal caregivers of persons with HIV/AIDS and age-related dementias.
31  aggravated renal dysfunction
(4 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
CHF (3 times)
Cr (2 times)
CI (1 time)
1999 Aggravated renal dysfunction during intensive therapy for advanced chronic heart failure.
32  Ancient Rare Diseases
(4 times)
Paleopathology
(3 times)
ADO (1 time)
ARO (1 time)
LCPD (1 time)
2020 Towards a definition of Ancient Rare Diseases (ARD): Presenting a complex case of probable Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease from the North Caucasian Bronze Age (2200-1650 cal BCE).
33  aphakic retinal detachment
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
AVL (1 time)
BCVA (1 time)
CF (1 time)
1985 Aphakic retinal detachment.
34  arms race dynamics
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
FSD (1 time)
2016 Eco-evolutionary dynamics in a coevolving host-virus system.
35  arrest-related death
(4 times)
Jurisprudence
(3 times)
ExDS (2 times)
UoF (1 time)
2009 Unexpected arrest-related deaths in america: 12 months of open source surveillance.
36  at-risk drinking
(4 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
AUD (1 time)
AUDIT (1 time)
AUDs (1 time)
2010 Efficacy of a web-based, tailored, alcohol prevention/intervention program for college students: initial findings.
37  average relative deviation
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
COD (1 time)
EOS (1 time)
2014 In vitro simulation of in vivo pharmacokinetic model with intravenous administration via flow rate modulation.
38  acoustic reflex decay
(3 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
ART (1 time)
MC (1 time)
1999 The effects of amplitude modulation on acoustic reflex decay.
39  acute respiratory distress syndrome
(3 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
FVIIa (1 time)
FXa (1 time)
LMWH (1 time)
1981 The role of megakaryocytes and tissue mast cells in the respiratory distress syndrome of adults.
40  adverse reactions to drugs
(3 times)
Nursing Care
(1 time)
--- 1993 [Approximation to the detection of drug adverse reactions among doctors at the primary health care level].
41  aerosol reduction device
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CHX (1 time)
1999 Aerosol and splatter production by focused spray and standard ultrasonic inserts.
42  anorectal dysfunction
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
MS (3 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
HRAM (1 time)
2006 Anorectal dysfunction in multiple sclerosis.
43  anxiety-related disorder
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
ANT (2 times)
PAI (2 times)
ANX (1 time)
2012 Specificity of the CAARS in Discriminating ADHD Symptoms in Adults From Other Axis I Symptoms.
44  aortic root distensibility
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
ASI (3 times)
CSC (2 times)
AS (1 time)
2005 Changes in aortic root function after valve replacement in patients with aortic stenosis.
45  Arizona road dust
(3 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
BR (1 time)
FFRs (1 time)
RCS (1 time)
2014 Collection efficiencies of high flow rate personal respirable samplers when measuring Arizona road dust and analysis of quartz by x-ray diffraction.
46  Atherosclerotic renovascular disease
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
BBR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
1994 Presentation, clinical features and outcome in different patterns of atherosclerotic renovascular disease.
47  average relative difference
(3 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
LLN (1 time)
MM (1 time)
MVA (1 time)
2014 Quantitative structure-toxicity relationship of the aquatic toxicity for various narcotic pollutants using the norm indexes.
48  Acoustic resonance densitometry
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
--- 1986 Determination of reactor biomass by acoustic resonance densitometry.
49  acrylic resin dentures
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
RLD (2 times)
VAS (1 time)
2007 Clinical effects of acrylic resilient denture liners applied to mandibular complete dentures on the alveolar ridge.
50  acute radiation disease
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
LF (1 time)
1989 [Status of the nervous system in victims of the accident at the Chernobyl atomic power plant].
51  acute reference dose
(2 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
ADI (1 time)
ASDI (1 time)
MRL (1 time)
2004 Modeling the dietary pesticide exposures of young children.
52  acute renal denervation
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
RSNA (2 times)
Ang II (1 time)
FENa (1 time)
2010 Renal functional & haemodynamic changes following acute unilateral renal denervation in Sprague Dawley rats.
53  acute respiratory deterioration
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
AE-IPF (2 times)
IPF (1 time)
2018 Outcomes with newly proposed classification of acute respiratory deterioration in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
54  acute rotavirus diarrhea
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HRV (2 times)
WHO (1 time)
2017 Effectiveness of a live oral human rotavirus vaccine after programmatic introduction in Bangladesh: A cluster-randomized trial.
55  adriamycin
(2 times)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
CKD (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
fml (1 time)
1987 Peculiarities of adriamycin cardiotoxicity in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR).
56  advance research directive
(2 times)
Ethics
(2 times)
--- 2015 Beyond competence: advance directives in dementia research.
57  advanced renal disease
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
24-h CCL (1 time)
6-var-MDRD (1 time)
ART (1 time)
2010 A comparison of different methods for the determination of glomerular filtration rate in elderly patients with chronic renal failure.
58  afferent renal denervation
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CKD (1 time)
2019 Selective afferent renal denervation mitigates renal and splanchnic sympathetic nerve overactivity and renal function in chronic kidney disease-induced hypertension.
59  age-related diagnosis
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
--- 1993 Introduction to the age-related diagnosis (ARD) index: an age at presentation related index for diagnostic use.
60  age-related retinal degeneration
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
Chrs (1 time)
LRD (1 time)
2003 A strong and highly significant QTL on chromosome 6 that protects the mouse from age-related retinal degeneration.
61  Aggregated relational data
(2 times)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
--- 2012 LATENT DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE ESTIMATION IN HARD-TO-REACH GROUPS.
62  AIDS-related dementia
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AIDS (1 time)
CMV (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1999 The neuropathology of adult HIV infection.
63  akinetic-/rigid-dominant
(2 times)
Brain Diseases
(1 time)
PD (2 times)
TD (2 times)
SMA (1 time)
2016 Functional Connectivity of Vim Nucleus in Tremor- and Akinetic-/Rigid-Dominant Parkinson's Disease.
64  Alismatis Rhizoma decoction
(2 times)
Technology, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
TCM (2 times)
AMR (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2014 The rationality of the hypolipidemic effect of alismatis rhizoma decoction, a classical chinese medicine formula in high-fat diet-induced hyperlipidemic mice.
65  allergy-related disease
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
SPT (2 times)
EMaBS (1 time)
HDM (1 time)
2017 Schistosoma mansoni-specific immune responses and allergy in Uganda.
66  aneurysm-related death
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
AAA (1 time)
ASA (1 time)
C-I (1 time)
2019 Mid-Term Results of Thoracic Endovascular Aneurysm Repair with Intentional Celiac Artery Coverage for Crawford Type I Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysms with the TX2 Distal Component Endograft.
67  antibiotic resistance domain
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
ARE (2 times)
PTC (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
2018 Structural basis for antibiotic resistance mediated by the Bacillus subtilis ABCF ATPase VmlR.
68  antirejection drugs
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
TGF-beta1 (1 time)
2005 Anti-rejection drug treatment increases basal cell carcinoma burden in Ptch1+/- mice.
69  arecaidine
(2 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
ARC (1 time)
ARL (1 time)
BNTR (1 time)
2015 Areca nut alkaloids induce irreparable DNA damage and senescence in fibroblasts and may create a favourable environment for tumour progression.
70  arginase deficiency
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
H.H.H (1 time)
LPI (1 time)
OTCD (1 time)
1992 [The dibasic amino acid metabolic disorders].
71  association-rules discovery
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
SAGE (1 time)
2003 Strong-association-rule mining for large-scale gene-expression data analysis: a case study on human SAGE data.
72  atherosclerotic renal disease
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
CKD (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
2002 Cortical thickness: an early morphological marker of atherosclerotic renal disease.
73  AU-rich domain
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CTD (1 time)
HBV (1 time)
NDV (1 time)
1996 Binding of a protein to an AU-rich domain of tumour necrosis factor alpha mRNA as a 35 kDa complex and its regulation in primary rat astrocytes.
74  autoimmune/inflammatory rheumatic disease
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
HLT (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
LLT (1 time)
2011 Unsuppressed parathyroid hormone in patients with autoimmune/inflammatory rheumatic diseases: implications for vitamin D supplementation.
75  autosomal recessive disorders
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
ISVS (1 time)
1996 Autosomal recessive disorders in Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean (Quebec, Canada): estimation of inbreeding from isonymy.
76  average radial derivative
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
JI (2 times)
MW (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
2021 Lesion segmentation in breast ultrasound images using the optimized marked watershed method.
77  abdominal rectus muscle diastasis
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2014 Early complications, pain, and quality of life after reconstructive surgery for abdominal rectus muscle diastasis: a 3-month follow-up.
78  abiotic resource depletion
(1 time)
CC (1 time)
FWCS (1 time)
IEEQ (1 time)
2020 Nutrition-Oriented Reformulation of Extruded Cereals and Associated Environmental Footprint: A Case Study.
79  absolute 8-year risk difference
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
HR (1 time)
MACE (1 time)
2019 Association of Metabolic Surgery With Major Adverse Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity.
80  absolute incidence rate difference
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
DASH (1 time)
2009 Diet and lifestyle risk factors associated with incident hypertension in women.
81  absolute mortality rate difference
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
CKB (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2021 Solid fuel use, socioeconomic indicators and risk of cardiovascular diseases and all-cause mortality: a prospective cohort study in a rural area of Sichuan, China.
82  absolute risk reduction
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
PrEP (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2019 Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV Infection: Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force.
83  absorbed radiation dose
(1 time)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
mGy (1 time)
2014 Absorbed radiation dose in radiosensitive organs using 64- and 320-row multidetector computed tomography: a comparative study.
84  absorption rate distributions
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
RF (1 time)
2000 Perturbations in hyperthermia temperature distributions associated with counter-current flow: numerical simulations and empirical verification.
85  acaricide resistance development
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2022 Development of acaricide resistance in tick populations of cattle: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
86  Accessibility Ratio Difference
(1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2021 Spatial accessibility assessment of COVID-19 patients to healthcare facilities: A case study of Florida.
87  accommodating resistance device
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CSA (1 time)
WRD (1 time)
1995 Comparative effectiveness of accommodating and weight resistance training modes.
88  Achilles Relief Distance
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AEB (1 time)
CEC (1 time)
TCA (1 time)
2022 Calcaneal positioning in equinus immobilization of the ankle joint: A comparison of common orthoses used in the treatment of acute Achilles tendon ruptures.
89  acid-related dysmotility symptoms
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
GERD (1 time)
NERD (1 time)
PPI (1 time)
2014 Clinical characteristics of elderly patients with proton pump inhibitor-refractory non-erosive reflux disease from the G-PRIDE study who responded to rikkunshito.
90  acid-related dyspepsia
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
GERD (1 time)
HST (1 time)
PPI (1 time)
2019 Efficacy and safety of hangeshashinto for treatment of GERD refractory to proton pump inhibitors : Usual dose proton pump inhibitors plus hangeshashinto versus double-dose proton pump inhibitors: randomized, multicenter open label exploratory study.
91  acid-related upper gastrointestinal disorder
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
NSAIDs (1 time)
1999 Clinic visits and hospital admissions for care of acid-related upper gastrointestinal disorders in women using alendronate for osteoporosis.
92  acid-rock drainage environments
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
AMD (1 time)
2014 Comparison of environmental and isolate Sulfobacillus genomes reveals diverse carbon, sulfur, nitrogen, and hydrogen metabolisms.
93  acrosome-reacted dead
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
ARL (1 time)
DFI (1 time)
2012 Assessment of different functional parameters of frozen-thawed buffalo spermatozoa by using cytofluorimetric determinations.
94  action level of rectal displacement
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
IG-IMRT (1 time)
MVCT (1 time)
2014 Frequency and predisposing factors for interfractional rectal displacement requiring repeated precaution in prostate cancer patients treated with image-guided intensity-modulated radiation therapy.
95  active resonance damper
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DG (1 time)
HVC (1 time)
R-APF (1 time)
2016 Improved Active Harmonic Current Elimination Based on Voltage Detection.
96  activity rate data
(1 time)
DF (1 time)
iDF (1 time)
IF (1 time)
2022 Developing a dataset for the expected anthropogenic mercury release in China in response to the Minamata convention on mercury.
97  actual risky driving behaviors
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
SEM (1 time)
SSSS (1 time)
2021 The Moderating Effects of Emotions on the Relationship Between Self-Reported Individual Traits and Actual Risky Driving Behaviors.
98  acute infectious respiratory diseases
(1 time)
--- 2021 Acute respiratory infections in an adult refugee population: an observational study.
99  Acute obstructive respiratory diseases
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
HHV-6 (1 time)
1993 Acute obstructive respiratory diseases (ARD) and bacterial complications of ARD (pneumonia, sinusitis) in infants and children associated with human herpesvirus-6 infection.
100  Acute renal damage
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 [Genetic determinants of acute renal damage risk and prognosis: a systematic review].