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Abbreviation: ARD
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Long forms: 166

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
acute respiratory disease
(180 times)
Virology
(33 times)
AD (10 times)
PCR (6 times)
Ad4 (5 times)
1954 Evidence for the specific etiology of acute respiratory disease (ARD).
absolute risk difference
(69 times)
Medicine
(23 times)
RR (13 times)
CI (11 times)
CGM (9 times)
2001 Systematic review and meta-analysis of antibiotic therapy for bone and joint infections.
ankyrin repeat domain
(55 times)
Biochemistry
(18 times)
FIH (12 times)
HIF (9 times)
TRP (7 times)
1993 Isolation of the chicken NF-kappa B p65 subunit-encoding cDNA and characterization of its products.
acid rock drainage
(46 times)
Environmental Health
(34 times)
AMD (3 times)
ABA (2 times)
AC (2 times)
2001 Large-scale experiments for microbiological evaluation of measures for safeguarding sulfidic mine waste.
automatic relevance determination
(35 times)
Medical Informatics
(10 times)
ANN (4 times)
GP (3 times)
BRANNs (2 times)
1999 Bayesian neural networks for classification: how useful is the evidence framework?
autoimmune rheumatic diseases
(34 times)
Rheumatology
(12 times)
SLE (8 times)
RA (5 times)
GMT (3 times)
1985 Subclinical manifestations of autoimmune rheumatic diseases in primary Raynaud's phenomenon.
aortic root dilatation
(25 times)
Cardiology
(11 times)
AR (3 times)
BSA (3 times)
CIs (3 times)
1998 Aortic root dilatation in Ehlers-Danlos syndrome types I, II and III. A report of five cases.
acireductone dioxygenase
(24 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
ACC (2 times)
MTA (2 times)
RT-PCR (2 times)
2002 Modeling and experiment yields the structure of acireductone dioxygenase from Klebsiella pneumoniae.
asbestos-related diseases
(22 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
HC (3 times)
MPM (3 times)
VOCs (3 times)
2004 Double standards: the multinational asbestos industry and asbestos-related disease in South Africa.
10  acute renal dysfunction
(18 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
CNI (2 times)
CPB (2 times)
mAb (2 times)
1983 Risk of renal failure after major angiography.
11  alcohol-related dementia
(17 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AD (3 times)
KS (2 times)
ARBD (1 time)
1994 Alcohol-related dementia in the institutionalized elderly.
12  arginine-rich domain
(17 times)
Virology
(5 times)
HBV (12 times)
HBc (5 times)
NES (2 times)
2008 High immunogenecity and erythrocyte-binding activity in the tryptophan-rich domain (TRD) of the 74-kDa Plasmodium vivax alanine-tryptophan-rich antigen (PvATRAg74).
13  aortic root diameter
(16 times)
Vascular Diseases
(5 times)
BSA (4 times)
BP (2 times)
ECG (2 times)
1994 Left ventricular function in end stage renal disease--non-invasive assessment in patients on maintenance hemodialysis.
14  alcohol-related diagnosis
(15 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(7 times)
CHD (2 times)
CI (2 times)
ALD (1 time)
1984 Alcohol-related death and associated risk factors in urban middle-aged males.
15  acute radiation dermatitis
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
RT (5 times)
PBMT (2 times)
AU (1 time)
2007 Topical betamethasone for prevention of radiation dermatitis.
16  Antimicrobial Removal Device
(12 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
IPM (1 time)
SBC (1 time)
1982 Evaluation of the antimicrobial removal device when used with the BACTEC blood culture system.
17  Apple replant disease
(12 times)
Botany
(3 times)
ET (2 times)
JA (2 times)
ASE-HPLC (1 time)
2005 Comparative Field Efficacy of Management Strategies Containing Brassica napus Seed Meal or Green Manure for the Control of Apple Replant Disease.
18  adult Refsum disease
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
PA (4 times)
2OG (1 time)
3-MAA (1 time)
1993 A new peroxisomal disease with impaired phytanic and pipecolic acid oxidation.
19  age-related diseases
(10 times)
Geriatrics
(2 times)
PPI (3 times)
GERD (2 times)
HP (2 times)
1995 Steroids do not enhance the risk of developing tuberculosis or other AIDS-related diseases in HIV-infected patients treated for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia.
20  antibiotic-responsive diarrhea
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
IBD (4 times)
CE (2 times)
FRD (1 time)
2001 Immune cell populations within the duodenal mucosa of dogs with enteropathies.
21  antigen recognition domain
(7 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
HCT (3 times)
NGS (3 times)
CWD (1 time)
2015 A gene feature enumeration approach for describing HLA allele polymorphism.
22  absorption rate density
(6 times)
Biology
(3 times)
FDTD (1 time)
LCF (1 time)
MNP (1 time)
1990 Absorption rate density (ARD) computation in microwave hyperthermia by the finite-difference time-domain method.
23  anterior roof deafferentation
(5 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
LQ (2 times)
AMYG (1 time)
ANE (1 time)
1982 Forebrain lordosis inhibiting system and serotonin neuron in female rats: effect of P-chloroamphetamine.
24  abdominal rectus diastasis
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
BA plots (1 time)
CCC (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2014 Analysis of the abdominal musculo-aponeurotic anatomy in rectus diastasis: comparison of CT scanning and preoperative clinical assessment with direct measurement intraoperatively.
25  aggravated renal dysfunction
(4 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
CHF (3 times)
Cr (2 times)
CI (1 time)
1999 Aggravated renal dysfunction during intensive therapy for advanced chronic heart failure.
26  acoustic reflex decay
(3 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
ART (1 time)
MC (1 time)
1999 The effects of amplitude modulation on acoustic reflex decay.
27  acute respiratory distress syndrome
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
FVIIa (1 time)
FXa (1 time)
LMWH (1 time)
1981 The role of megakaryocytes and tissue mast cells in the respiratory distress syndrome of adults.
28  acute respiratory dysfunction
(3 times)
Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
ISS (1 time)
2004 [Analysis of acute respiratory dysfunction as a risk factor of multiple injuries].
29  adverse reactions to drugs
(3 times)
Nursing Care
(1 time)
--- 1993 [Approximation to the detection of drug adverse reactions among doctors at the primary health care level].
30  aerosol reduction device
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
CHX (1 time)
1999 Aerosol and splatter production by focused spray and standard ultrasonic inserts.
31  age-related dementias
(3 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
ADL (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2000 Distressing emotions in female caregivers of people with AIDS, age-related dementias, and advanced-stage cancers.
32  age-related retinal degeneration
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
ARM (1 time)
Chrs (1 time)
LRD (1 time)
2003 A strong and highly significant QTL on chromosome 6 that protects the mouse from age-related retinal degeneration.
33  aortic root distensibility
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
ASI (3 times)
CSC (2 times)
AS (1 time)
2006 Changes in aortic root function after valve replacement in patients with aortic stenosis.
34  Arizona road dust
(3 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
BR (1 time)
FFRs (1 time)
RCS (1 time)
2014 Collection efficiencies of high flow rate personal respirable samplers when measuring Arizona road dust and analysis of quartz by x-ray diffraction.
35  arrest-related death
(3 times)
Jurisprudence
(2 times)
ExDS (1 time)
UoF (1 time)
2009 Unexpected arrest-related deaths in america: 12 months of open source surveillance.
36  Atherosclerotic renovascular disease
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
BBR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
1994 Presentation, clinical features and outcome in different patterns of atherosclerotic renovascular disease.
37  average relative deviation
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
COD (1 time)
MAE (1 time)
2015 In vitro simulation of in vivo pharmacokinetic model with intravenous administration via flow rate modulation.
38  average root diameter
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ARLD (1 time)
SRL (1 time)
TRT (1 time)
2005 Phytoremediation in the tropics--influence of heavy crude oil on root morphological characteristics of graminoids.
39  absolute relative deviation
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
CGM (1 time)
mean (1 time)
2013 A multistep algorithm for processing and calibration of microdialysis continuous glucose monitoring data.
40  Acoustic resonance densitometry
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
--- 1986 Determination of reactor biomass by acoustic resonance densitometry.
41  acrylic resin dentures
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
RLD (2 times)
VAS (1 time)
2007 Clinical effects of acrylic resilient denture liners applied to mandibular complete dentures on the alveolar ridge.
42  acute radiation disease
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
LF (1 time)
1989 [Status of the nervous system in victims of the accident at the Chernobyl atomic power plant].
43  acute reference dose
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ADI (1 time)
ASDI (1 time)
MRL (1 time)
2004 Modeling the dietary pesticide exposures of young children.
44  acute renal denervation
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
RSNA (2 times)
Ang II (1 time)
FENa (1 time)
2010 Renal functional & haemodynamic changes following acute unilateral renal denervation in Sprague Dawley rats.
45  adriamycin
(2 times)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
CKD (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
fml (1 time)
1987 Peculiarities of adriamycin cardiotoxicity in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR).
46  adult reproductive diapause
(2 times)
Science
(2 times)
GSCs (1 time)
2009 Starvation protects germline stem cells and extends reproductive longevity in C. elegans.
47  afferent renal denervation
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CKD (1 time)
2019 Selective afferent renal denervation mitigates renal and splanchnic sympathetic nerve overactivity and renal function in chronic kidney disease-induced hypertension.
48  age-related diagnostic
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
--- 1993 Introduction to the age-related diagnosis (ARD) index: an age at presentation related index for diagnostic use.
49  AIDS-related dementia
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AIDS (1 time)
CMV (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1998 The neuropathology of adult HIV infection.
50  anorectal dysfunction
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
MS (2 times)
PC (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2006 Anorectal dysfunction in multiple sclerosis.
51  anti-resorptive drugs
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
BP (1 time)
MRONJ (1 time)
OP (1 time)
2015 Dramatic osteonecrosis of the jaw associated with oral bisphosphonates, periodontitis, and dental implant removal.
52  antibiotic resistance domain
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
ARE (2 times)
PTC (2 times)
ABC (1 time)
2018 Structural basis for antibiotic resistance mediated by the Bacillus subtilis ABCF ATPase VmlR.
53  antirejection drugs
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
TGF-beta1 (1 time)
2005 Anti-rejection drug treatment increases basal cell carcinoma burden in Ptch1+/- mice.
54  anxiety-related disorder
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ANT (1 time)
ANX (1 time)
BOR (1 time)
2015 Specificity of the CAARS in Discriminating ADHD Symptoms in Adults From Other Axis I Symptoms.
55  aphakic retinal detachment
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
--- 1985 Aphakic retinal detachment.
56  Arg-rich domain
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CTD (1 time)
HBV (1 time)
NDV (1 time)
1996 Binding of a protein to an AU-rich domain of tumour necrosis factor alpha mRNA as a 35 kDa complex and its regulation in primary rat astrocytes.
57  arginase deficiency
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
H.H.H (1 time)
LPI (1 time)
OTCD (1 time)
1992 [The dibasic amino acid metabolic disorders].
58  arms race dynamics
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
2016 Eco-evolutionary dynamics in a coevolving host-virus system.
59  association-rules discovery
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
SAGE (1 time)
2002 Strong-association-rule mining for large-scale gene-expression data analysis: a case study on human SAGE data.
60  at-risk drinking
(2 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
AUDIT (1 time)
AUDs (1 time)
M-PASS (1 time)
2010 Efficacy of a web-based, tailored, alcohol prevention/intervention program for college students: initial findings.
61  atherosclerotic renal disease
(2 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
CKD (1 time)
CTA (1 time)
2002 Cortical thickness: an early morphological marker of atherosclerotic renal disease.
62  autism-related disorders
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
EMs (1 time)
IMs (1 time)
2018 Autism, evolution, and the inadequacy of 'spectrum'.
63  autoimmune/inflammatory rheumatic disease
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
HLT (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
LLT (1 time)
2011 Unsuppressed parathyroid hormone in patients with autoimmune/inflammatory rheumatic diseases: implications for vitamin D supplementation.
64  autosomal recessive disorders
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
ISVS (1 time)
1996 Autosomal recessive disorders in Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean (Quebec, Canada): estimation of inbreeding from isonymy.
65  average relative difference
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
LLN (1 time)
VGPR (1 time)
2014 Quantitative structure-toxicity relationship of the aquatic toxicity for various narcotic pollutants using the norm indexes.
66  abdominal rectus muscle diastasis
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2014 Early complications, pain, and quality of life after reconstructive surgery for abdominal rectus muscle diastasis: a 3-month follow-up.
67  absolute 8-year risk difference
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
HR (1 time)
MACE (1 time)
2019 Association of Metabolic Surgery With Major Adverse Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity.
68  absolute incidence rate difference
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CI (1 time)
DASH (1 time)
2009 Diet and lifestyle risk factors associated with incident hypertension in women.
69  absolute risk reduction
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
ART (1 time)
PrEP (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2019 Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV Infection: Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force.
70  absorbed radiation dose
(1 time)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
mGy (1 time)
2014 Absorbed radiation dose in radiosensitive organs using 64- and 320-row multidetector computed tomography: a comparative study.
71  absorption rate distributions
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
RF (1 time)
2000 Perturbations in hyperthermia temperature distributions associated with counter-current flow: numerical simulations and empirical verification.
72  accommodating resistance device
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
CSA (1 time)
WRD (1 time)
1995 Comparative effectiveness of accommodating and weight resistance training modes.
73  acid-related dysmotility symptoms
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
GERD (1 time)
NERD (1 time)
PPI (1 time)
2014 Clinical characteristics of elderly patients with proton pump inhibitor-refractory non-erosive reflux disease from the G-PRIDE study who responded to rikkunshito.
74  acid-related dyspepsia
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
GERD (1 time)
HST (1 time)
PPI (1 time)
2019 Efficacy and safety of hangeshashinto for treatment of GERD refractory to proton pump inhibitors : Usual dose proton pump inhibitors plus hangeshashinto versus double-dose proton pump inhibitors: randomized, multicenter open label exploratory study.
75  acid-related upper gastrointestinal disorder
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
NSAIDS (1 time)
1998 Clinic visits and hospital admissions for care of acid-related upper gastrointestinal disorders in women using alendronate for osteoporosis.
76  acid-rock drainage environments
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
AMD (1 time)
2014 Comparison of environmental and isolate Sulfobacillus genomes reveals diverse carbon, sulfur, nitrogen, and hydrogen metabolisms.
77  acrosome-reacted dead
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
ARL (1 time)
DFI (1 time)
2013 Assessment of different functional parameters of frozen-thawed buffalo spermatozoa by using cytofluorimetric determinations.
78  action level of rectal displacement
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
IG-IMRT (1 time)
MVCT (1 time)
2014 Frequency and predisposing factors for interfractional rectal displacement requiring repeated precaution in prostate cancer patients treated with image-guided intensity-modulated radiation therapy.
79  active resonance damper
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DG (1 time)
HVC (1 time)
R-APF (1 time)
2016 Improved Active Harmonic Current Elimination Based on Voltage Detection.
80  Acute obstructive respiratory diseases
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
HHV-6 (1 time)
1993 Acute obstructive respiratory diseases (ARD) and bacterial complications of ARD (pneumonia, sinusitis) in infants and children associated with human herpesvirus-6 infection.
81  Acute renal damage
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2012 [Genetic determinants of acute renal damage risk and prognosis: a systematic review].
82  acute renal disease
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
CRD (1 time)
HIV (1 time)
PWH (1 time)
2003 Renal disease among males with haemophilia.
83  acute respiratory decompensation
(1 time)
Perinatology
(1 time)
ELBW (1 time)
PRBC (1 time)
2017 Does Red Blood Cell Transfusion-Related Acute Lung Injury Occur in Premature Infants? A Retrospective Cohort Analysis.
84  acute respiratory deterioration
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
AE-IPF (1 time)
2018 Outcomes with newly proposed classification of acute respiratory deterioration in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
85  Acute Respiratory Disease Outbreak
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
HAdVs (1 time)
RFLP (1 time)
2010 Molecular Classification of Human Adenovirus Type 7 Isolated From Acute Respiratory Disease Outbreak (ARD) in Korea, 2005-2006.
86  Acute respiratory tract disease
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HAdVs (1 time)
RET (1 time)
2012 Structure-based high-throughput epitope analysis of hexon proteins in B and C species human adenoviruses (HAdVs).
87  acute rotavirus diarrhea
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
HRV (1 time)
WHO (1 time)
2017 Effectiveness of a live oral human rotavirus vaccine after programmatic introduction in Bangladesh: A cluster-randomized trial.
88  acute viral respiratory diseases
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1969 [Contribution to the problems of long-term epidemiologic studies of acute viral respiratory diseases (ARD). I. Significance of longitudinal studies of acute respiratory diseases for the detection of influenza viruses in the pre-epidemic stage].
89  adhesions patient may develop related conditions
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
CAPPS (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2008 Disorders of adhesions or adhesion-related disorder: monolithic entities or part of something bigger--CAPPS?
90  Adjuvant SRS to residual/recurrent disease
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ARS (1 time)
DBF (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2018 Local control and overall survival for adjuvant stereotactic radiosurgery in patients with residual or recurrent disease.
91  ADP-ribosylation factor domain protein
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
ARD1 (1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
MEFs (1 time)
2011 Regulation of growth factor receptor degradation by ADP-ribosylation factor domain protein (ARD) 1.
92  advance research directive
(1 time)
Ethics
(1 time)
--- 2015 Beyond competence: advance directives in dementia research.
93  advanced ratio difference
(1 time)
Chemical Phenomena
(1 time)
AAM (1 time)
AAS (1 time)
CAF (1 time)
2017 Different applications of isosbestic points, normalized spectra and dual wavelength as powerful tools for resolution of multicomponent mixtures with severely overlapping spectra.
94  advanced renal disease
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
24-h CCL (1 time)
6-var-MDRD (1 time)
CG (1 time)
2011 A comparison of different methods for the determination of glomerular filtration rate in elderly patients with chronic renal failure.
95  Advection-reaction-diffusion
(1 time)
Physics
(1 time)
Da (1 time)
2010 Inward propagating chemical waves in Taylor vortices.
96  adverse drug reactions
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1999 [Adverse drug reactions in the Spanish medical bibliographic literature: a comparison of 3 periods].
97  age of onset of regular drinking
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
AFD (1 time)
AUD (1 time)
2019 Comparing the potential causal influence of two indicators of early alcohol use on later alcohol use disorder symptoms.
98  age-related dual-task deficit
(1 time)
Nervous System Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2008 Dual-task costs while walking increase in old age for some, but not for other tasks: an experimental study of healthy young and elderly persons.
99  age-related dysphonia
(1 time)
Speech Disorders
(1 time)
--- 2018 Vocal Fold Vibration in Older Adults With and Without Age-Related Dysphonia.
100  Aggregated relational data
(1 time)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
--- 2012 LATENT DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE ESTIMATION IN HARD-TO-REACH GROUPS.