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Abbreviation: ARF
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Long forms: 155

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
acute renal failure
(3013 times)
Nephrology
(1214 times)
ICU (133 times)
CRRT (113 times)
GFR (112 times)
1971 Infection in acute renal failure.
acute respiratory failure
(658 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(221 times)
NIV (144 times)
ICU (88 times)
COPD (65 times)
1976 Factors influencing choice between tracheostomy and prolonged translaryngeal intubation in acute respiratory failure: a prospective study.
ADP-ribosylation factor
(550 times)
Biochemistry
(199 times)
PLD (87 times)
BFA (34 times)
GAP (28 times)
1987 Enhancement of choleragen ADP-ribosyltransferase activities by guanyl nucleotides and a 19-kDa membrane protein.
acute rheumatic fever
(386 times)
Pediatrics
(78 times)
RHD (98 times)
GAS (59 times)
CRHD (15 times)
1973 The mechanism of mitral regurgitation in carditis of acute rheumatic fever (ARF).
auxin response factor
(135 times)
Botany
(48 times)
ARFs (11 times)
miRNAs (11 times)
AuxREs (8 times)
1997 Smad4 and FAST-1 in the assembly of activin-responsive factor.
alternative reading frame
(94 times)
Neoplasms
(36 times)
MDM2 (4 times)
CDKN2A (3 times)
HCV (3 times)
1997 Cancer-associated mutations at the INK4a locus cancel cell cycle arrest by p16INK4a but not by the alternative reading frame protein p19ARF.
acoustic radiation force
(71 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(15 times)
OCT (7 times)
ARFI (6 times)
SAWs (5 times)
2008 Viscoelastic property measurement in thin tissue constructs using ultrasound.
Area Resource File
(46 times)
Health Services Research
(24 times)
AHA (8 times)
OSCAR (8 times)
HCUP (5 times)
1992 Age distribution and turnover of physicians in nonmetropolitan counties of the United States.
Australian Rules Football
(27 times)
Physiology
(16 times)
ES (5 times)
CMJ (4 times)
IG (3 times)
1998 The relationship between repeated sprint ability and the aerobic and anaerobic energy systems.
10  aerosol radiative forcing
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
AOD (7 times)
TOA (5 times)
SSA (4 times)
2012 Radiative effects of aerosols over Indo-Gangetic plain: environmental (urban vs. rural) and seasonal variations.
11  Anthropology Research Facility
(8 times)
Jurisprudence
(7 times)
DOA (2 times)
GC-MS (1 time)
TSTs (1 time)
2004 Decompositional odor analysis database.
12  acute hypoxemic respiratory failure
(7 times)
Critical Care
(3 times)
HFNC (3 times)
ICU (2 times)
NIV (2 times)
1985 The immediate effects of isosorbide dinitrate on right ventricular function in patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. A combined invasive and radionuclide study.
13  adenosine diphosphate ribosylation factor
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
GTP (4 times)
GDP (2 times)
BFA (1 time)
1991 Activation of a small GTP-binding protein by nucleoside diphosphate kinase.
14  amylase-rich flour
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
BINP (1 time)
S-SF (1 time)
1993 Evaluation of the impact on growth of a controlled 6-month feeding trial on children (6-24 months) fed a complementary feed of a high energy-low bulk gruel versus a high energy-high bulk gruel in addition to their habitual home diet.
15  AUXIN RESPONSIVE FACTOR
(6 times)
Botany
(4 times)
miRNAs (2 times)
HAP2 (1 time)
HB (1 time)
2009 Endogenous TasiRNAs mediate non-cell autonomous effects on gene regulation in Arabidopsis thaliana.
16  Addiction Research Foundation
(5 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(3 times)
ARC (1 time)
OSDUS (1 time)
1990 Recent trends in the development of alcohol and drug treatment services in Ontario.
17  adventitious root formation
(5 times)
Botany
(2 times)
DMTU (1 time)
DPI (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2009 Molecular physiology of adventitious root formation in Petunia hybrida cuttings: involvement of wound response and primary metabolism.
18  anthocyanin-rich fraction
(5 times)
Botany
(2 times)
COX-2 (2 times)
5-ASA (1 time)
AOX (1 time)
2013 Anthocyanin determination in blueberry extracts from various cultivars and their antiproliferative and apoptotic properties in B16-F10 metastatic murine melanoma cells.
19  Acute oliguric renal failure
(4 times)
Kidney Diseases
(2 times)
DDT (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
1996 Rifampicin-induced acute renal failure: a case report.
20  acute RF
(4 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
RF (4 times)
GAS (2 times)
RHD (2 times)
1989 [ADH (anti-diuretic hormone), aldosterone (PA) and renin activity (PRA) in patients with respiratory failure].
21  alternative reading frame protein
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
PKB (1 time)
PTEN (1 time)
2004 Alternative reading frame protein (ARF)-independent function of CARF (collaborator of ARF) involves its interactions with p53: evidence for a novel p53-activation pathway and its negative feedback control.
22  amblyopia risk factors
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
AA (1 time)
ACS (1 time)
CPTX1 (1 time)
2011 Association between oral health and acute coronary syndrome in elderly people.
23  atherosclerotic risk factors
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AAA (1 time)
AQ (1 time)
BE (1 time)
2000 Assessment of elastic properties of the descending thoracic aorta by transesophageal echocardiography with acoustic quantification in patients with a stroke.
24  autologous rectus fascia
(4 times)
Urology
(4 times)
BOV (1 time)
DG (1 time)
FD (1 time)
1999 Tissue strength analysis of autologous and cadaveric allografts for the pubovaginal sling.
25  acute ischemic renal failure
(3 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
ACh (1 time)
CCBs (1 time)
1990 Calcium channel blockers for kidney protection.
26  additional risk factor
(3 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CV (2 times)
AF (1 time)
AF/AFL (1 time)
2011 Incremental cost burden to US healthcare payers of atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter patients with additional risk factors.
27  angular response function
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
ANN (1 time)
SPECT (1 time)
2001 Effect of angular response properties of personal dosemeters on the estimation of effective dose using two dosemeters.
28  anterior renal fascia
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
PS (3 times)
MDCT (2 times)
PRF (2 times)
2012 [Superior attachment of renal fascia: a study with multidetector computed tomography and three dimensional reconstruction].
29  artificial RING finger
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
AMIS sensor (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
Slp4 (1 time)
2017 Highly sensitive detection of E2 activity in ubiquitination using an artificial RING finger.
30  Atlantic rainforest
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CER (1 time)
lncRNAs (1 time)
miRNA (1 time)
2017 Molecular analyses reveal an abundant diversity of ticks and rickettsial agents associated with wild birds in two regions of primary Brazilian Atlantic Rainforest.
31  actual repetitions to failure
(2 times)
Physical Fitness
(2 times)
ERF (2 times)
RPE (1 time)
2017 Accuracy in Estimating Repetitions to Failure During Resistance Exercise.
32  acute renal function
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
APD (1 time)
MELD (1 time)
OLT (1 time)
1997 New perspectives for PD in acute renal failure related to new catheter techniques and introduction of APD.
33  acute rheumatic fever patients
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
APSGN (1 time)
ska (1 time)
1992 Failure to detect unique reactivity to streptococcal streptokinase in either the sera or renal biopsy specimens of patients with acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis.
34  advanced recycling fee
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CFLs (1 time)
e-waste (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
2007 Financing electronic waste recycling Californian households' willingness to pay advanced recycling fees.
35  aglycone-rich fraction
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2011 Comparative effects in rats of intact wheat bran and two wheat bran fractions on the disposition of the mutagen 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline.
36  anti-resonant fibers
(2 times)
Optics and Photonics
(2 times)
REDBs (1 time)
2015 Hybrid transmission bands and large birefringence in hollow-core anti-resonant fibers.
37  apically repositioned flap
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
ARFCT (1 time)
GE (1 time)
LBM (1 time)
1992 Location of the mucogingival junction 18 years after apically repositioned flap surgery.
38  aqueous residue fraction
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AE (2 times)
BF (1 time)
CBMN (1 time)
2009 Neuropharmacological activity of the pericarp of Passiflora edulis flavicarpa degener: putative involvement of C-glycosylflavonoids.
39  arformoterol
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
eNOS (1 time)
NS (1 time)
2010 Advantages of endurance treadmill walking compared with cycling to assess bronchodilator therapy.
40  Arkansas fungus
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 1999 Parasitism of Sedentary Stages of Heterodera glycines by Isolates of a Sterile Nematophagous Fungus.
41  attributable risk fraction
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
ICRP (1 time)
IPPE (1 time)
SMRs (1 time)
2006 Drug-related mortality and its impact on adult mortality in eight European countries.
42  auxin response transcription factor
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
miRNAs (1 time)
MYA (1 time)
2005 MicroRNA-directed regulation of Arabidopsis AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR17 is essential for proper development and modulates expression of early auxin response genes.
43  2018-Australian rules football
(1 time)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
CMJs (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2018 Combined Carbohydrate and Protein Ingestion During Australian Rules Football Matches and Training Sessions Does Not Reduce Fatigue or Accelerate Recovery Throughout a Weeklong Junior Tournament.
44  abdominal rectus fascia
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
--- 2017 Use of Nonvascularized Abdominal Rectus Fascia After Liver, Small Bowel, and Multiorgan Transplantation: Long-Term Follow-up of a Single-Center Series.
45  Abnormal radiographic findings
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ITR (1 time)
RS (1 time)
2006 Abnormal radiographic findings in 865 French standardbred trotters and their relationship to racing performance.
46  abnormal reflux flow
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CEAP (1 time)
DUS (1 time)
SARF (1 time)
2013 Increased incidence of abnormal reflux flow in lower extremity veins of cirrhotic patients by Doppler ultrasonography.
47  accommodation response function
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1995 A dynamic relationship between myopia and blur-driven accommodation in school-aged children.
48  acetate recovery factor
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
TCA (1 time)
2008 Reduced tricarboxylic acid cycle flux in type 2 diabetes mellitus?
49  acquired acute intrinsic renal failure
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2008 Acute intrinsic renal failure in cats: 32 cases (1997-2004).
50  actin-retrograde-flow
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
LP (1 time)
2014 Analytical solutions of actin-retrograde-flow in a circular stationary cell: a mechanical point of view.
51  activating transcription factor-2-binding site. p19
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
ink4a (2 times)
2004 The inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinase 4a/alternative reading frame (INK4a/ARF) locus encoded proteins p16INK4a and p19ARF repress cyclin D1 transcription through distinct cis elements.
52  active random field
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CRF (1 time)
MRF (1 time)
2009 Training an active random field for real-time image denoising.
53  actomyosin retrograde flow
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
NK (1 time)
SHP-1 (1 time)
2018 Actin retrograde flow controls natural killer cell response by regulating the conformation state of SHP-1.
54  acute circulatory renal failure
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1975 Experimental oliguric acute renal failure: protective effects of renomedullary autotransplants.
55  Acute parenchymal renal failure
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
FDP (1 time)
RDS (1 time)
1983 Fibrinogen degradation products in acute renal failure of the newborn.
56  acute renal failure during oliguric phase
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CRF (1 time)
GNI (1 time)
GNN (1 time)
1998 Down-regulation of PTH/PTHrP receptor in the kidney of patients with renal impairment.
57  acute renal failure induced by gentamicin
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
KRG (1 time)
KRG-CON (1 time)
2013 Effects of Korean red ginseng extract on acute renal failure induced by gentamicin and pharmacokinetic changes by metformin in rats.
58  acute renal failure patients
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
IGFBPs (2 times)
1994 Alteration in insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins (IGFBPs) and IGFBP-3 protease activity in serum and urine from acute and chronic renal failure.
59  acute renal failure requiring dialysis
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
DRG (1 time)
2004 Acute renal failure associated with Legionella pneumonia and acute cholecystitis.
60  Acute renal injury and failure
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
CPB (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
2005 Role of hemodilutional anemia and transfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass in renal injury after coronary revascularization: implications on operative outcome.
61  acute renal-transplant failure
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
eNOS (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2003 Impaired tubulointerstitial expression of endothelin-1 and nitric oxide isoforms in donor kidney biopsies with postischemic acute renal failure.
62  acute respiratory failure in adults and in children
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
RDS (1 time)
1982 Lung surfactant phospholipids in the foetus, newborn, and in the adult; evidence of abnormality in respiratory failure.
63  acute risk factors
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ACS (1 time)
CRF (1 time)
EBT (1 time)
2009 Impact of acute and chronic risk factors on use of evidence-based treatments in patients in Australia with acute coronary syndromes.
64  acute severe respiratory failure
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
ECMO (1 time)
2002 CT in the evaluation of patients on ECMO due to acute respiratory failure.
65  adaptive recurrent filtration
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
HCM (1 time)
HRECG (1 time)
2001 Adaptive filtering in exercise high resolution ECG as applied to the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
66  addition to its p53-regulatory functions, p14
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2006 Physical and functional interaction of the p14ARF tumor suppressor with ribosomes.
67  Adjective Rating Form
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
MAACL (1 time)
1982 The effects of a provocation on aggression for three types of alcohol users.
68  administration to perform retinoic angiography
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
--- 1997 [Accident during retinal fluorescein angiography].
69  ADP ribosylation exchange factor
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PH (1 time)
1998 Regulation of GRP1-catalyzed ADP ribosylation factor guanine nucleotide exchange by phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate.
70  adult patients with severe respiratory failure
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ECLS (1 time)
1997 Extracorporeal life support for 100 adult patients with severe respiratory failure.
71  adverse food reaction
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2014 Perianal pruritus in dogs with skin disease.
72  adverse reactions to foods
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
GI (1 time)
2001 Gastrointestinal food allergies: do they exist?
73  afford protection against acute
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CCBs (1 time)
CRF (1 time)
1991 Role of calcium-channel blockers in preventing acute and chronic renal injury.
74  after excluding post renal ARF
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
ATN (1 time)
2009 Validation of Liano score in acute renal failure: a prospective study in Indian patients.
75  after radiofrequency ablation
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AAD (1 time)
EAFR (1 time)
LAFR (1 time)
2014 Does a blanking period after pulmonary vein isolation impact long-term results? Results after 55 months of follow-up.
76  after treatment with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza) and trichostatin A (TSA). p14
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
5-Aza (1 time)
IPF (1 time)
MS-PCR (1 time)
2012 Hypermethylation-mediated silencing of p14(ARF) in fibroblasts from idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
77  agar-released, free
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
PC1 (1 time)
PCAs (1 time)
2004 Proteomic analysis of agar gel-entrapped Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
78  aggregate receptive field
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CTB (1 time)
2005 Feedback connections to ferret striate cortex: direct evidence for visuotopic convergence of feedback inputs.
79  Agricultural Return Flow
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
H-IR (1 time)
L-IR (1 time)
MIX (1 time)
2014 Identifying the effects of human pressure on groundwater quality to support water management strategies in coastal regions: a multi-tracer and statistical approach (Bou-Areg region, Morocco).
80  Agronomy Research Farm
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
HPAL (1 time)
2017 Genotype, environment, seeding rate, and top-dressed nitrogen effects on end-use quality of modern Nebraska winter wheat.
81  air dried/rehydrated/fixed
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
WF (1 time)
1999 Rehydration of air-dried smears. An alternative method for cytologic analysis of exfoliative cells.
82  airborne release fraction
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
PC (1 time)
PMMA (1 time)
2013 Contribution to the study of particle resuspension kinetics during thermal degradation of polymers.
83  Akt-EGR1-alternate reading frame
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
Egr-1 (1 time)
2009 PTEN regulation by Akt-EGR1-ARF-PTEN axis.
84  align, rank, and filter
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2009 Temporal summaries: supporting temporal categorical searching, aggregation and comparison.
85  alkaloid rich fraction
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
CDK (1 time)
ERK (1 time)
JNK (1 time)
2016 Alkaloid rich fraction from Nelumbo nucifera targets VSMC proliferation and migration to suppress restenosis in balloon-injured rat carotid artery.
86  allograft failure
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
--- 2007 Gene expression and biomarkers in renal transplant ischemia reperfusion injury.
87  alpha band response function
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
HRF (1 time)
MSM (1 time)
2007 The hemodynamic response of the alpha rhythm: an EEG/fMRI study.
88  alpha-L: -arabinofuranosidase
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
--- 2011 Characterization of a new alpha-L: -arabinofuranosidase from Penicillium sp. LYG 0704, and their application in lignocelluloses degradation.
89  alteration of the p53-MDM2-p14
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
--- 2004 p53 gene status and expression of p53, MDM2, and p14 proteins in ameloblastomas.
90  alternate reading frame sequence
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
CEE (1 time)
CEF (1 time)
2005 Chicken embryo extract mitigates growth and morphological changes in a spontaneously immortalized chicken embryo fibroblast cell line.
91  Althaea rosea flower
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
ARFW (1 time)
2017 Immune-Stimulatory Effects of Althaea rosea Flower Extracts through the MAPK Signaling Pathway in RAW264.7 Cells.
92  Amberlite((R)) resin formate
(1 time)
Chemistry, Organic
(1 time)
--- 2008 Chemoselective reduction of aldehydes by ruthenium trichloride and resin-bound formates.
93  AML1-ETO induced heterochromatic silencing of Bcl-2, CEBPA and p14
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
CEBPA (1 time)
MeCP2 (1 time)
2013 Epigenetic silencing of Bcl-2, CEBPA and p14(ARF) by the AML1-ETO oncoprotein contributing to growth arrest and differentiation block in the U937 cell line.
94  AML1-ETO repressed the promoter of p14
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
2003 The t(8;21) fusion protein contacts co-repressors and histone deacetylases to repress the transcription of the p14ARF tumor suppressor.
95  AML1-MTG8 in Kasumi-1 cells resulted in the activation of p14
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
HEL (1 time)
siRNAs (1 time)
2004 Discrimination of target by siRNA: designing of AML1-MTG8 fusion mRNA-specific siRNA sequences.
96  AML1-MTG8 represses the transcription of p14
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
2006 Low p53 expression of acute myelocytic leukemia cells with t(8;21) chromosome abnormality: association with low p14(ARF) expression.
97  amplitude of rhythm fluctuation
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
FRF (1 time)
ICR (1 time)
LRF (1 time)
1982 [New parameters of electrocardiotachographic (EKT) evaluation of the organovegetative reactivity].
98  Amplitude Response Function
(1 time)
Models, Neurological
(1 time)
PRC (1 time)
PRF (1 time)
2013 Phase-amplitude response functions for transient-state stimuli.
99  amylase from germinated wheat
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
--- 1997 Absorption of macronutrients and nitrogen balance in children with dysentery fed an amylase-treated energy-dense porridge.
100  amylase-rich flour from germinated wheat
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 1994 Intake from an energy-dense porridge liquefied by amylase of germinated wheat: a controlled trial in severely malnourished children during convalescence from diarrhoea.