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Abbreviation: ARF
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
acute renal failure
(3099 times)
Nephrology
(1218 times)
ICU (138 times)
CRRT (115 times)
GFR (113 times)
1971 Infection in acute renal failure.
acute respiratory failure
(903 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(270 times)
NIV (199 times)
ICU (136 times)
COPD (76 times)
1976 Factors influencing choice between tracheostomy and prolonged translaryngeal intubation in acute respiratory failure: a prospective study.
ADP-ribosylation factor
(594 times)
Biochemistry
(202 times)
PLD (87 times)
BFA (36 times)
GEFs (32 times)
1987 Enhancement of choleragen ADP-ribosyltransferase activities by guanyl nucleotides and a 19-kDa membrane protein.
acute rheumatic fever
(527 times)
Pediatrics
(100 times)
RHD (172 times)
GAS (81 times)
PSRA (18 times)
1973 The mechanism of mitral regurgitation in carditis of acute rheumatic fever (ARF).
auxin response factor
(202 times)
Botany
(60 times)
ARFs (17 times)
miRNAs (13 times)
IAA (10 times)
1997 Smad4 and FAST-1 in the assembly of activin-responsive factor.
acoustic radiation force
(115 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(29 times)
ARFI (9 times)
OCT (9 times)
SWE (8 times)
2008 Viscoelastic property measurement in thin tissue constructs using ultrasound.
alternative reading frame
(104 times)
Neoplasms
(36 times)
MDM2 (6 times)
CDKN2A (4 times)
HCV (3 times)
1997 Cancer-associated mutations at the INK4a locus cancel cell cycle arrest by p16INK4a but not by the alternative reading frame protein p19ARF.
Area Resource File
(46 times)
Health Services Research
(24 times)
AHA (8 times)
OSCAR (8 times)
HCUP (5 times)
1992 Age distribution and turnover of physicians in nonmetropolitan counties of the United States.
Australian Rules Football
(33 times)
Sports Medicine
(17 times)
CMJ (5 times)
ES (5 times)
IG (3 times)
1998 The relationship between repeated sprint ability and the aerobic and anaerobic energy systems.
10  aerosol radiative forcing
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(13 times)
AOD (8 times)
TOA (6 times)
SSA (4 times)
2012 Radiative effects of aerosols over Indo-Gangetic plain: environmental (urban vs. rural) and seasonal variations.
11  acute hypoxemic respiratory failure
(11 times)
Critical Care
(5 times)
HFNC (4 times)
NIV (4 times)
ICU (3 times)
1985 The immediate effects of isosorbide dinitrate on right ventricular function in patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure. A combined invasive and radionuclide study.
12  Anthropology Research Facility
(11 times)
Jurisprudence
(8 times)
DOA (2 times)
GC-MS (1 time)
TSTs (1 time)
2004 Decompositional odor analysis database.
13  amblyopia risk factors
(10 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
AI (2 times)
AA (1 time)
AAPOS (1 time)
2011 Association between oral health and acute coronary syndrome in elderly people.
14  adenosine diphosphate ribosylation factor
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
GTP (4 times)
GDP (2 times)
ARL (1 time)
1991 Activation of a small GTP-binding protein by nucleoside diphosphate kinase.
15  AUXIN RESPONSIVE FACTOR
(9 times)
Botany
(5 times)
miRNAs (2 times)
HAP2 (1 time)
HB (1 time)
2009 Endogenous TasiRNAs mediate non-cell autonomous effects on gene regulation in Arabidopsis thaliana.
16  amylase-rich flour
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
BINP (1 time)
FGDs (1 time)
HDA (1 time)
1993 Evaluation of the impact on growth of a controlled 6-month feeding trial on children (6-24 months) fed a complementary feed of a high energy-low bulk gruel versus a high energy-high bulk gruel in addition to their habitual home diet.
17  adventitious root formation
(7 times)
Botany
(4 times)
DPI (2 times)
SA (2 times)
BGLs (1 time)
2008 Molecular physiology of adventitious root formation in Petunia hybrida cuttings: involvement of wound response and primary metabolism.
18  Addiction Research Foundation
(5 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(3 times)
ARC (1 time)
OSDUS (1 time)
1990 Recent trends in the development of alcohol and drug treatment services in Ontario.
19  alternative reading frame protein
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
HCC (1 time)
IL-6 (1 time)
LPCs (1 time)
2004 Alternative reading frame protein (ARF)-independent function of CARF (collaborator of ARF) involves its interactions with p53: evidence for a novel p53-activation pathway and its negative feedback control.
20  anthocyanin-rich fraction
(5 times)
Botany
(2 times)
COX-2 (2 times)
5-ASA (1 time)
AOX (1 time)
2013 Anthocyanin determination in blueberry extracts from various cultivars and their antiproliferative and apoptotic properties in B16-F10 metastatic murine melanoma cells.
21  Atlantic rainforest
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BAFs (1 time)
CER (1 time)
HI (1 time)
2017 Molecular analyses reveal an abundant diversity of ticks and rickettsial agents associated with wild birds in two regions of primary Brazilian Atlantic Rainforest.
22  auxin response transcription factor
(5 times)
Botany
(2 times)
AID (1 time)
miRNAs (1 time)
Mya (1 time)
2005 MicroRNA-directed regulation of Arabidopsis AUXIN RESPONSE FACTOR17 is essential for proper development and modulates expression of early auxin response genes.
23  Acute oliguric renal failure
(4 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
DDT (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
1996 Rifampicin-induced acute renal failure: a case report.
24  acute RF
(4 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
RF (4 times)
GAS (2 times)
RHD (2 times)
1989 [ADH (anti-diuretic hormone), aldosterone (PA) and renin activity (PRA) in patients with respiratory failure].
25  aerosol release fraction
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
PC (2 times)
PMMA (1 time)
RRF (1 time)
2013 Contribution to the study of particle resuspension kinetics during thermal degradation of polymers.
26  anterior renal fascia
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
PS (3 times)
MDCT (2 times)
PRF (2 times)
2012 [Superior attachment of renal fascia: a study with multidetector computed tomography and three dimensional reconstruction].
27  apically repositioned flap
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
XCM (2 times)
ARFCT (1 time)
FGG (1 time)
1992 Location of the mucogingival junction 18 years after apically repositioned flap surgery.
28  atherosclerotic risk factors
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AAA (1 time)
AQ (1 time)
BE (1 time)
2001 Assessment of elastic properties of the descending thoracic aorta by transesophageal echocardiography with acoustic quantification in patients with a stroke.
29  autologous rectus fascia
(4 times)
Urology
(4 times)
BOV (1 time)
DG (1 time)
FD (1 time)
1999 Tissue strength analysis of autologous and cadaveric allografts for the pubovaginal sling.
30  actin-retrograde-flow
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
NK (2 times)
IS (1 time)
LP (1 time)
2014 Analytical solutions of actin-retrograde-flow in a circular stationary cell: a mechanical point of view.
31  actual repetitions to failure
(3 times)
Physical Fitness
(2 times)
ERF (3 times)
LME (1 time)
RPE (1 time)
2016 Accuracy in Estimating Repetitions to Failure During Resistance Exercise.
32  acute ischemic renal failure
(3 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
ACh (1 time)
CCBs (1 time)
1990 Calcium channel blockers for kidney protection.
33  additional risk factor
(3 times)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CV (2 times)
AF (1 time)
AF/AFL (1 time)
2011 Incremental cost burden to US healthcare payers of atrial fibrillation/atrial flutter patients with additional risk factors.
34  alkaloid-rich fractions
(3 times)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional
(1 time)
AChE (1 time)
CDK (1 time)
EE (1 time)
2016 Alkaloid rich fraction from Nelumbo nucifera targets VSMC proliferation and migration to suppress restenosis in balloon-injured rat carotid artery.
35  anaerobic rumen fungi
(3 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
BAD (1 time)
I-BAD (1 time)
2015 Associative patterns among anaerobic fungi, methanogenic archaea, and bacterial communities in response to changes in diet and age in the rumen of dairy cows.
36  angular response function
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
ANN (1 time)
SPECT (1 time)
2001 Effect of angular response properties of personal dosemeters on the estimation of effective dose using two dosemeters.
37  anti-resonant fiber
(3 times)
Optics and Photonics
(3 times)
REDBs (1 time)
2015 Hybrid transmission bands and large birefringence in hollow-core anti-resonant fibers.
38  arformoterol
(3 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
DME (1 time)
ED (1 time)
2009 Advantages of endurance treadmill walking compared with cycling to assess bronchodilator therapy.
39  artificial RING finger
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
AMIS sensor (1 time)
NMR (1 time)
Slp4 (1 time)
2017 Highly sensitive detection of E2 activity in ubiquitination using an artificial RING finger.
40  Astrakhan rickettsial fever
(3 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
MWM (1 time)
1999 [Medium molecular weight molecules and their fractions in Astrakhan rickettsial fever].
41  A. roxburghii flavonoids extract
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
A.roxburghii (2 times)
AChE (2 times)
D-gal (2 times)
2020 Effect of Anoectochilus roxburghii flavonoids extract on H2O2 - Induced oxidative stress in LO2 cells and D-gal induced aging mice model.
42  acute rehabilitation facility
(2 times)
Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
(1 time)
LOS (2 times)
ACDF (1 time)
ASA (1 time)
2019 Functional recovery and blood pressure on acute post-stroke setting.
43  acute renal function
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
APD (1 time)
MELD (1 time)
OLT (1 time)
1997 New perspectives for PD in acute renal failure related to new catheter techniques and introduction of APD.
44  acute rheumatic fever patients
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
APSGN (1 time)
ska (1 time)
1992 Failure to detect unique reactivity to streptococcal streptokinase in either the sera or renal biopsy specimens of patients with acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis.
45  advanced recycling fee
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CFLs (1 time)
e-waste (1 time)
EPR (1 time)
2006 Financing electronic waste recycling Californian households' willingness to pay advanced recycling fees.
46  aglycone-rich fraction
(2 times)
Genetics
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
HPLC (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2011 Comparative effects in rats of intact wheat bran and two wheat bran fractions on the disposition of the mutagen 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline.
47  aqueous residual fraction
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AE (2 times)
BF (1 time)
CBMN (1 time)
2009 Neuropharmacological activity of the pericarp of Passiflora edulis flavicarpa degener: putative involvement of C-glycosylflavonoids.
48  Arkansas fungus
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
--- 2004 Decomposition of Plant Debris by the Nematophagous Fungus ARF.
49  arthritis fraction
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
RA (2 times)
ADME (1 time)
HFLS-RA (1 time)
2021 Gaultheria leucocarpa var. yunnanensis for Treating Rheumatoid Arthritis-An Assessment Combining Machine Learning-Guided ADME Properties Prediction, Network Pharmacology, and Pharmacological Assessment.
50  attributable risk fraction
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
ICRP (1 time)
IPPE (1 time)
SMRs (1 time)
2005 Drug-related mortality and its impact on adult mortality in eight European countries.
51  2018-Australian rules football
(1 time)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
CMJs (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2017 Combined Carbohydrate and Protein Ingestion During Australian Rules Football Matches and Training Sessions Does Not Reduce Fatigue or Accelerate Recovery Throughout a Weeklong Junior Tournament.
52  abdominal rectus fascia
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
--- 2017 Use of Nonvascularized Abdominal Rectus Fascia After Liver, Small Bowel, and Multiorgan Transplantation: Long-Term Follow-up of a Single-Center Series.
53  Abnormal radiographic findings
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ITR (1 time)
RS (1 time)
2007 Abnormal radiographic findings in 865 French standardbred trotters and their relationship to racing performance.
54  abnormal reflux flow
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CEAP (1 time)
DUS (1 time)
SARF (1 time)
2013 Increased incidence of abnormal reflux flow in lower extremity veins of cirrhotic patients by Doppler ultrasonography.
55  abnormal renal function
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
NRF (1 time)
PCP (1 time)
TMP-SMX (1 time)
2020 Single-Center Retrospective Analysis of Prophylaxis and Treatment of Pneumocystis carinii Pneumonia in Patients with Renal Dysfunction After Renal Transplantation.
56  absolute reference frame
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
I-CDES (1 time)
2021 Carbonate clumped isotope analysis (Δ47 ) of 21 carbonate standards determined via gas-source isotope-ratio mass spectrometry on four instrumental configurations using carbonate-based standardization and multiyear data sets.
57  academic/research facility
(1 time)
CCP (1 time)
HR (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2019 Trends and Outcomes of Proton Radiation Therapy Use for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.
58  accommodation response function
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1995 A dynamic relationship between myopia and blur-driven accommodation in school-aged children.
59  acetate recovery factor
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
TCA (1 time)
2008 Reduced tricarboxylic acid cycle flux in type 2 diabetes mellitus?
60  acquired acute intrinsic renal failure
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2008 Acute intrinsic renal failure in cats: 32 cases (1997-2004).
61  activating transcription factor-2-binding site. p19
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
INK4a (2 times)
2004 The inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinase 4a/alternative reading frame (INK4a/ARF) locus encoded proteins p16INK4a and p19ARF repress cyclin D1 transcription through distinct cis elements.
62  active random field
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CRF (1 time)
MRF (1 time)
2009 Training an active random field for real-time image denoising.
63  actomyosin retrograde flow
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
NK (1 time)
SHP-1 (1 time)
2018 Actin retrograde flow controls natural killer cell response by regulating the conformation state of SHP-1.
64  acute circulatory renal failure
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1975 Experimental oliguric acute renal failure: protective effects of renomedullary autotransplants.
65  Acute parenchymal renal failure
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
FDP (1 time)
RDS (1 time)
1983 Fibrinogen degradation products in acute renal failure of the newborn.
66  acute renal failure during oliguric phase
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
CRF (1 time)
GNI (1 time)
GNN (1 time)
1999 Down-regulation of PTH/PTHrP receptor in the kidney of patients with renal impairment.
67  acute renal failure induced by gentamicin
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
CON (1 time)
KRG (1 time)
KRG-CON (1 time)
2013 Effects of Korean red ginseng extract on acute renal failure induced by gentamicin and pharmacokinetic changes by metformin in rats.
68  acute renal failure patients
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
IGFBPs (2 times)
1994 Alteration in insulin-like growth factor-binding proteins (IGFBPs) and IGFBP-3 protease activity in serum and urine from acute and chronic renal failure.
69  acute renal failure requiring dialysis
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
DRG (1 time)
2004 Acute renal failure associated with Legionella pneumonia and acute cholecystitis.
70  Acute renal injury and failure
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
CPB (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
2005 Role of hemodilutional anemia and transfusion during cardiopulmonary bypass in renal injury after coronary revascularization: implications on operative outcome.
71  acute renal-transplant failure
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
eNOS (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2003 Impaired tubulointerstitial expression of endothelin-1 and nitric oxide isoforms in donor kidney biopsies with postischemic acute renal failure.
72  acute respiratory distress leading to respiratory failure
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
NIVS (1 time)
RICU (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2021 Management of patients with severe acute respiratory failure due to SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia with noninvasive ventilatory support outside Intensive Care Unit.
73  acute respiratory failure in adults and in children
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
RDS (1 time)
1982 Lung surfactant phospholipids in the foetus, newborn, and in the adult; evidence of abnormality in respiratory failure.
74  acute risk factors
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ACS (1 time)
CRF (1 time)
EBT (1 time)
2009 Impact of acute and chronic risk factors on use of evidence-based treatments in patients in Australia with acute coronary syndromes.
75  acute severe respiratory failure
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
ECMO (1 time)
2002 CT in the evaluation of patients on ECMO due to acute respiratory failure.
76  adaptation recovery function
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
AN (1 time)
ARR (1 time)
ECAP (1 time)
2022 Characteristics of the Adaptation Recovery Function of the Auditory Nerve and Its Association With Advanced Age in Postlingually Deafened Adult Cochlear Implant Users.
77  Adaptive Random Forest
(1 time)
Entropy
(1 time)
--- 2021 Measuring the Effectiveness of Adaptive Random Forest for Handling Concept Drift in Big Data Streams.
78  adaptive recurrent filtration
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
HCM (1 time)
HRECG (1 time)
2001 Adaptive filtering in exercise high resolution ECG as applied to the hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
79  addition to its p53-regulatory functions, p14
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2006 Physical and functional interaction of the p14ARF tumor suppressor with ribosomes.
80  Adjective Rating Form
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
MAACL (1 time)
1982 The effects of a provocation on aggression for three types of alcohol users.
81  administration to perform retinoic angiography
(1 time)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
--- 1997 [Accident during retinal fluorescein angiography].
82  ADP ribosylation exchange factor
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PH (1 time)
1998 Regulation of GRP1-catalyzed ADP ribosylation factor guanine nucleotide exchange by phosphatidylinositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate.
83  adult patients with severe respiratory failure
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ECLS (1 time)
1997 Extracorporeal life support for 100 adult patients with severe respiratory failure.
84  adverse food reaction
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2014 Perianal pruritus in dogs with skin disease.
85  adverse reactions to foods
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
GI (1 time)
2001 Gastrointestinal food allergies: do they exist?
86  aerosol-radiation feedback
(1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
2021 Enhanced PM2.5 Decreases and O3 Increases in China During COVID-19 Lockdown by Aerosol-Radiation Feedback.
87  afford protection against acute
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
CCBs (1 time)
CRF (1 time)
1991 Role of calcium-channel blockers in preventing acute and chronic renal injury.
88  after excluding post renal ARF
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
ATN (1 time)
2008 Validation of Liano score in acute renal failure: a prospective study in Indian patients.
89  after radiofrequency ablation
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AAD (1 time)
EAFR (1 time)
LAFR (1 time)
2013 Does a blanking period after pulmonary vein isolation impact long-term results? Results after 55 months of follow-up.
90  after treatment with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (5-aza) and trichostatin A (TSA). p14
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
5-Aza (1 time)
IPF (1 time)
MS-PCR (1 time)
2012 Hypermethylation-mediated silencing of p14(ARF) in fibroblasts from idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
91  agar-released, free
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
PC1 (1 time)
PCAs (1 time)
2004 Proteomic analysis of agar gel-entrapped Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
92  aggregate receptive field
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
CTB (1 time)
2005 Feedback connections to ferret striate cortex: direct evidence for visuotopic convergence of feedback inputs.
93  Agricultural Return Flow
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
H-IR (1 time)
L-IR (1 time)
MIX (1 time)
2014 Identifying the effects of human pressure on groundwater quality to support water management strategies in coastal regions: a multi-tracer and statistical approach (Bou-Areg region, Morocco).
94  Agronomy Research Farm
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
HPAL (1 time)
2017 Genotype, environment, seeding rate, and top-dressed nitrogen effects on end-use quality of modern Nebraska winter wheat.
95  air dried/rehydrated/fixed
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
WF (1 time)
1999 Rehydration of air-dried smears. An alternative method for cytologic analysis of exfoliative cells.
96  Akt-EGR1-alternate reading frame
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
Egr-1 (1 time)
2008 PTEN regulation by Akt-EGR1-ARF-PTEN axis.
97  align, rank, and filter
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2009 Temporal summaries: supporting temporal categorical searching, aggregation and comparison.
98  alkoxyl radical beta-fragmentation
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
EDG (1 time)
EWG (1 time)
2020 Synthetic Approaches to Phosphasugars (2-oxo-1,2-oxaphosphacyclanes) Using the Anomeric Alkoxyl Radical beta-Fragmentation Reaction as the Key Step.
99  allograft failure
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
--- 2006 Gene expression and biomarkers in renal transplant ischemia reperfusion injury.
100  alpha band response function
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
HRF (1 time)
MSM (1 time)
2007 The hemodynamic response of the alpha rhythm: an EEG/fMRI study.