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Abbreviation: ARR
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
annualized relapse rate
(428 times)
Neurology
(221 times)
EDSS (166 times)
MS (151 times)
RRMS (113 times)
2002 No difference in efficacy of two different doses of intravenous immunoglobulins in MS: clinical and MRI assessment.
absolute risk reduction
(365 times)
Medicine
(76 times)
NNT (111 times)
RRR (76 times)
RR (69 times)
1995 Basic statistics for clinicians: 3. Assessing the effects of treatment: measures of association.
aldosterone-to-renin ratio
(311 times)
Vascular Diseases
(92 times)
PA (162 times)
PAC (67 times)
PRA (57 times)
1999 [Occurrence of primary aldosteronism in a group of ambulatory hypertensive patients].
aortic root replacement
(71 times)
General Surgery
(44 times)
AVR (11 times)
CI (4 times)
CPB (4 times)
1999 Aortic root replacement in adolescents and young adults: composite graft versus homograft or autograft.
apical root resorption
(17 times)
Dentistry
(15 times)
CBCT (6 times)
ARD (1 time)
BL (1 time)
1991 Risk factors associated with atypical root resorption of the maxillary primary central incisors.
Arabidopsis response regulator
(15 times)
Botany
(7 times)
arr6 (2 times)
AHK (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2000 Characterization of the response of the Arabidopsis response regulator gene family to cytokinin.
age-related resistance
(14 times)
Botany
(7 times)
SA (6 times)
dpp (3 times)
DHCA (1 time)
2002 Age-related resistance in Arabidopsis is a developmentally regulated defense response to Pseudomonas syringae.
annual recurrence rate
(11 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
EDSS (5 times)
NMOSD (5 times)
HR (2 times)
2007 Study of time-course changes in annual recurrence rates for breast cancer: data analysis of 2,209 patients for 10 years post-surgery.
arrhythmia
(10 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CHF (4 times)
NSR (3 times)
AF (2 times)
1991 A rodent model for studying four well defined toxic endpoints during bupivacaine infusion.
10  acquired rifamycin resistance
(9 times)
Communicable Diseases
(5 times)
TB (4 times)
HIV (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2004 Risk factors for relapse and acquired rifamycin resistance after directly observed tuberculosis treatment: a comparison by HIV serostatus and rifamycin use.
11  adverse reaction rate
(9 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(4 times)
DCR (2 times)
ORR (2 times)
PSQI (2 times)
2021 Efficacy of Sorafenib Combined with Interventional Therapy on Primary Liver Cancer Patients and Its Effect on Serum AFP, VEGF, and GGT.
12  aldosterone to plasma renin ratio
(9 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
PA (5 times)
PRA (4 times)
APA (2 times)
2002 Ratio of serum aldosterone to plasma renin concentration in essential hypertension and primary aldosteronism.
13  aldosterone/plasma renin activity ratio
(9 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
PA (7 times)
PAC (4 times)
CCT (3 times)
2002 Drug effects on aldosterone/plasma renin activity ratio in primary aldosteronism.
14  Aphanomyces root rot
(8 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
QTL (2 times)
ASI (1 time)
CMA (1 time)
2015 A Mineral Seed Coating for Control of Seedling Diseases of Alfalfa Suitable for Organic Production Systems.
15  arrhythmic
(8 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
DPS (3 times)
CHF (2 times)
CRs (2 times)
1983 Radionuclide evaluation of left-ventricular function in chronic Chagas' cardiomyopathy.
16  absolute risk ratio
(7 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
NNT (3 times)
RR (3 times)
CI (2 times)
2005 [The early postoperative complications and cost-effectiveness analysis of non-penetrating trabecular surgery in patients with primary open angle glaucoma].
17  ammonia removal rate
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
NRR (5 times)
ALR (2 times)
ANAMMOX (2 times)
2015 ANAMMOX-like performances for nitrogen removal from ammonium-sulfate-rich wastewater in an anaerobic sequencing batch reactor.
18  annual rate of reduction
(7 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
UN IGME (2 times)
aOR (1 time)
ARC (1 time)
2000 Twenty-year trend of chronic excretors of tubercle bacilli based on the nationwide tuberculosis prevalence surveys in Korea, 1975-1995.
19  anterior rectal resection
(7 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
5-HT (1 time)
5-HTR3A (1 time)
AL (1 time)
2010 The minimally invasive approach, laparoscopic and robotic, in rectal resection for cancer. A single center experience.
20  absolute reduction in risk
(6 times)
Health Services Research
(4 times)
RBC (4 times)
RR (4 times)
CI (3 times)
2003 Cell salvage for minimising perioperative allogeneic blood transfusion.
21  accelerating rotarod
(5 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
AChE (1 time)
BDF (1 time)
FSRR (1 time)
1984 Toxicity of anticholinesterases: interactions of pyridostigmine and physostigmine with soman.
22  anionic redox reaction
(5 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
CEI (2 times)
XPS (2 times)
APXPS (1 time)
2019 Investigations on the Fundamental Process of Cathode Electrolyte Interphase Formation and Evolution of High-Voltage Cathodes.
23  ankylosis-related resorption
(5 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
IRR (5 times)
PCO (5 times)
PN (5 times)
2015 Alveolar process fractures in the permanent dentition. Part 2. The risk of healing complications in teeth involved in an alveolar process fracture.
24  arsenate respiratory reductase
(5 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
Arr-Mo (1 time)
arrA (1 time)
AS3MT (1 time)
2005 Arsenate respiratory reductase gene (arrA) for Desulfosporosinus sp. strain Y5.
25  attack rate ratios
(5 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
CI (2 times)
C1-INH (1 time)
FBD (1 time)
2016 Foodborne disease outbreak in a resource-limited setting: a tale of missed opportunities and implications for response.
26  axillary recurrence rate
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
ALND (3 times)
OS (3 times)
SN (3 times)
2010 Safety of avoiding routine use of axillary dissection in early stage breast cancer: a systematic review.
27  absolute renal risk
(4 times)
Nephrology
(4 times)
IgAN (4 times)
AUC (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2011 Predicting the risk for dialysis or death in IgA nephropathy.
28  acclimation response ratio
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CTmax (2 times)
AAE (1 time)
CTmin (1 time)
2015 Thermal biology of prey (Melongena corona bispinosa, Strombus pugilis, Callinectes similis, Libinia dubia) and predators (Ocyurus chrysurus, Centropomus undecimalis) of Octopus maya from the Yucatan Peninsula.
29  acquired radioresistance
(4 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
BCa (3 times)
IR (3 times)
FI (2 times)
2016 Upregulating DAB2IP expression via EGR-1 inhibition, a new approach for overcoming fractionated-irradiation-induced cross-tolerance to ionizing radiation and mitomycin C in tumor cells.
30  across-region range
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
T2D (2 times)
DPP-4 (1 time)
2019 Treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus worldwide: Baseline patient characteristics in the global DISCOVER study.
31  aldosterone/PRA ratio
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
PRA (3 times)
PA (2 times)
AER (1 time)
2000 High prevalence of primary aldosteronism in the Tayside hypertension clinic population.
32  androgen response region
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
PB (2 times)
AD (1 time)
AdVs (1 time)
1999 Selective activation of the probasin androgen-responsive region by steroid hormones.
33  antiresonant ring
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
OPO (3 times)
cw (1 time)
SRO (1 time)
2011 Interferometric output coupling of ring optical oscillators.
34  aquifer recharge and recovery
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AOP (1 time)
GAC (1 time)
NDMA (1 time)
2012 Restoration of wadi aquifers by artificial recharge with treated waste water.
35  Armillaria root rot
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
RCE (2 times)
AGRCE (1 time)
NPV (1 time)
2012 Aboveground Root Collar Excavation of Peach Trees for Armillaria Root Rot Management.
36  Asari Radix et Rhizoma
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
2,3,5-TMT (1 time)
3,4,5-TMT (1 time)
3,5-DMT (1 time)
2015 [Qualitative and quantitative analysis of dodecatetraenamides A, B in Asari Radix et Rhizoma].
37  average recall rate
(4 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
APR (2 times)
CNN (2 times)
ASSD (1 time)
2017 Fusion of Deep Learning and Compressed Domain Features for Content-Based Image Retrieval.
38  acetabular reinforcement ring
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
TM (1 time)
2013 Salvaged failed roof rings and antiprotrusion cages: surgical options and implant survival.
39  aerial righting reflex
(3 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(3 times)
RR (2 times)
BEC (1 time)
EtOH (1 time)
1981 Differential effects of TRH, amphetamine, naloxone, and fenmetozole on ethanol actions: attenuation of the effects of punishment and impairment of aerial righting reflex.
40  air-righting reaction
(3 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
ARA (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
1990 The postnatal development of the air-righting reaction in albino rats. Quantitative analysis of normal development and the effect of preventing neck-torso and torso-pelvis rotations.
41  airway rapid response
(3 times)
Quality of Health Care
(1 time)
--- 2015 Tracheostomy Complications as a Trigger for an Airway Rapid Response: Analysis and Quality Improvement Considerations.
42  aldosterone to rennin concentration ratio
(3 times)
Internal Medicine
(2 times)
PA (2 times)
AHI (1 time)
AUC-ROC (1 time)
2010 Aldosterone/renin ratio determines peripheral and central blood pressure values over a broad range.
43  Alligator Rivers Region
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ERISS (1 time)
LDA (1 time)
2002 Catchment-specific element signatures in estuarine crocodiles (Crocodylus porosus) from the Alligator Rivers Region, northern Australia.
44  aortic root reconstruction
(3 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AVR (2 times)
CABG (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2013 Recurrent prosthetic valve endocarditis with aortic-ventricular disruption: a surgical challenge.
45  authentic response regulator
(3 times)
Botany
(2 times)
AHKs (1 time)
wol (1 time)
2006 Type-B ARR transcription factors, ARR10 and ARR12, are implicated in cytokinin-mediated regulation of protoxylem differentiation in roots of Arabidopsis thaliana.
46  average retrieval rate
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ARP (3 times)
CT (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
2015 Automated Image Retrieval of Chest CT Images Based on Local Grey Scale Invariant Features.
47  abnormal red reflex
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
--- 2020 Abnormal Red Reflex: Etiologies in a Pediatric Ophthalmology Population.
48  absolute relapse rate
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
EDSS (2 times)
AQP4 (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
2015 Acute and Chronic Management of Neuromyelitis Optica Spectrum Disorder.
49  absolute relative risk
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
DR (1 time)
ETDRS (1 time)
HbA1C (1 time)
2014 Diabetic retinopathy risk factors: plasma erythropoietin as a risk factor for proliferative diabetic retinopathy.
50  acute reaction of rejection
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
RAT (2 times)
AOD (1 time)
POL (1 time)
2002 [Surgical strategies in spontaneous rupture of renal allograft].
51  adamantyl-substituted retinoid-related
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AML (1 time)
PARP (1 time)
SHP (1 time)
2010 Adamantyl-substituted retinoid-related molecules induce apoptosis in human acute myelogenous leukemia cells.
52  adjusted incidence RR
(2 times)
Environmental Exposure
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2012 The incidence of behaviours associated with body checking among youth ice hockey players.
53  adjusted rate risks
(2 times)
Public Health
(2 times)
aRD (2 times)
CI (1 time)
SRH (1 time)
2017 The social determinants of inequalities in self-reported health in Europe: findings from the European social survey (2014) special module on the social determinants of health.
54  airway retention ratio
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ACE (2 times)
ADR (2 times)
ALDR (2 times)
1985 Estimation of alveolar deposition ratio of inhaled radioaerosol.
55  amplitude recovery rate
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
LDR (2 times)
BPI (1 time)
CARR (1 time)
2013 Changes of the donor nerve in end-to-side neurorrhaphies with epineurial window and partial neurectomy: a long-term evaluation in the rat model.
56  ankyrin repeat region
(2 times)
Neurosciences
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
GTPases (1 time)
2019 Shank3 Mice Carrying the Human Q321R Mutation Display Enhanced Self-Grooming, Abnormal Electroencephalogram Patterns, and Suppressed Neuronal Excitability and Seizure Susceptibility.
57  annual reproductive rate
(2 times)
Animal Diseases
(1 time)
AFL (2 times)
LI (2 times)
LS (2 times)
2020 Estimation of co-variance components, genetic parameters, and genetic trends of reproductive traits in community-based breeding program of Bonga sheep in Ethiopia.
58  Annual Research Review
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
--- 2018 Reimagining the environment in developmental psychopathology: from molecules to effective interventions.
59  annual revision rate
(2 times)
Traumatology
(1 time)
IQR (1 time)
TKA (1 time)
UKA (1 time)
2016 Establishing Age-Specific Cost-Effective Annual Revision Rates for Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty: A Meta-Analysis.
60  anorectal ring
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AV (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
BE (1 time)
2013 MRI-defined height of rectal tumours.
61  antibody response ratio
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(2 times)
MTX (2 times)
RA (2 times)
NSAIDs (1 time)
2011 Antibody response is reduced following vaccination with 7-valent conjugate pneumococcal vaccine in adult methotrexate-treated patients with established arthritis, but not those treated with tumor necrosis factor inhibitors.
62  anticipated reportable range
(2 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
LOD (2 times)
LAMP (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2017 Analytical Performance of Four Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and Real Time PCR (qPCR) Assays for the Detection of Six Leishmania Species DNA in Colombia.
63  antigen retaining reticulum
(2 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
FDC (1 time)
FDCs (1 time)
HRP (1 time)
1990 Kinetics of germinal center development in lymph nodes of young and aging immune mice.
64  AR reduction
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AR (2 times)
NNT (2 times)
RR (1 time)
2021 Efficacy of COVID-19 vaccines: Several modes of expression should be presented in scientific publications.
65  arginine-rich region
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
Atx7 (1 time)
CEMSA (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
2002 Structural requirements for conserved Arg52 residue for interaction of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 trans-activation responsive element with trans-activator of transcription protein (49-57). Capillary electrophoresis mobility shift assay.
66  arrest for track-marks
(2 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
aRR (1 time)
NEP (1 time)
PWID (1 time)
2016 Predictors of needle exchange program utilization during its implementation and expansion in Tijuana, Mexico.
67  artificial road runoff
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AIFs (2 times)
2012 Potential mobility of heavy metals through coupled application of sequential extraction and isotopic exchange: comparison of leaching tests applied to soil and soakaway sediment.
68  artificial RR
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
HRV (2 times)
2016 A preprocessing tool for removing artifact from cardiac RR interval recordings using three-dimensional spatial distribution mapping.
69  assessment of representational risk
(2 times)
Mental Health
(1 time)
--- 2021 The assessment of representational risk (ARR): Development and psychometric properties of a new coding system for assessing risk in the parent-infant relationship.
70  at-risk relatives
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BC (1 time)
2018 A clinically structured and partnered approach to genetic testing in Trinidadian women with breast cancer and their families.
71  average reimbursement rate
(2 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
PHC (1 time)
PHCs (1 time)
RRR (1 time)
2019 The interaction effect of health insurance reimbursement and health workforce on health care-seeking behaviour in China.
72  average relative risk
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CRI (1 time)
FTE (1 time)
JARR (1 time)
1997 Methods of prioritizing and measuring occupational health risks utilizing hospital back injury data. Development of composite comparative statistics.
73  beta-arrestin
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
GPCRs (1 time)
HBEC (1 time)
2018 Therapeutic Targeting of Endosomal G-Protein-Coupled Receptors.
74  A136-R154-R171 variant
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
VRQ (1 time)
2002 Amyloidogenic unfolding intermediates differentiate sheep prion protein variants.
75  absent, whereas that associated with the resistance
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
PrP (1 time)
2010 Polymorphism of prion protein gene in sheep of Inner Mongolian, China.
76  absolute incidence rate reduction
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
EHL-mAbs (1 time)
LRI (1 time)
NNI (1 time)
2020 Number needed to immunize to prevent RSV with extended half-life monoclonal antibody.
77  absolute major cardiovascular events risk reduction
(1 time)
Heart Diseases
(1 time)
LLT (1 time)
non (1 time)
QALYs (1 time)
2017 Cost-Effectiveness of Intensifying Lipid-Lowering Therapy With Statins Based on Individual Absolute Benefit in Coronary Artery Disease Patients.
78  absolute one-year risk of fall-related injuries
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2018 Risk of post-discharge fall-related injuries among adult patients with syncope: A nationwide cohort study.
79  absolute risk against heart failure
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2016 Effect of RAAS blockers on adverse clinical outcomes in high CVD risk subjects with atrial fibrillation: A meta-analysis and systematic review of randomized controlled trials.
80  absolute risk difference
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
FBRS (1 time)
FLACC (1 time)
2020 Articaine efficacy and safety in young children below the age of four years: An equivalent parallel randomized control trial.
81  absolute risk reducing rate
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
NNT (1 time)
RR (1 time)
RRR (1 time)
2005 [How to analyze and interpret the effective values in clinical trials].
82  absolute risk reduction for stroke
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
ACAS (1 time)
BMT (1 time)
ICER (1 time)
2018 Clinical Effect and Cost-Effectiveness of Screening for Asymptomatic Carotid Stenosis: A Markov Model.
83  abundance-range-size relationship
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2020 Endemicity and land-use type influence the abundance-range-size relationship of birds on a tropical island.
84  access rate ratio
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
COVID-19 (1 time)
2020 Impact of COVID-19 Outbreak on Cancer Patient Care and Treatment: Data from an Outpatient Oncology Clinic in Lombardy (Italy).
85  access-repair-restore
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2015 Chromatin dynamics after DNA damage: The legacy of the access-repair-restore model.
86  accumulated rate of return
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
CRP (1 time)
DQN (1 time)
DRR (1 time)
2022 MSPM: A modularized and scalable multi-agent reinforcement learning-based system for financial portfolio management.
87  acellular reaction rate
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
MAOA (1 time)
2015 Acellular reactivity of polymeric dendrimer nanoparticles as an indicator of oxidative stress in vitro.
88  acetabular revisions with the Mueller reinforcement ring
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
--- 2006 Mueller reinforcement rings in acetabular revision: outcome in 164 hips followed for 2-17 years.
89  acetabular roof ring
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AAOS (1 time)
BSAPC (1 time)
HHS (1 time)
2015 The midterm and long-term effects of acetabular roof ring and Burch-Schneider anti-protusio cages in acetabular revisions for patients with acetabular bone deficiency.
90  achievable risk reduction
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
HC (1 time)
HT (1 time)
ReqRR (1 time)
2002 Primary prevention drug therapy: can it meet patients' requirements for reduced risk?
91  achieving the NMS compared to peers for numeracy
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
aRR (1 time)
NMS (1 time)
T1D (1 time)
2022 The impact of type 1 diabetes mellitus in childhood on academic performance: A matched population-based cohort study.
92  achieving the NMS compared to their matched peers for numeracy
(1 time)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
NAPLAN (1 time)
NMS (1 time)
2021 The impact of childhood injury and injury severity on school performance and high school completion in Australia: a matched population-based retrospective cohort study.
93  achieving the NMS for numeracy
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
aRRs (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
NMS (1 time)
2022 The impact of childhood epilepsy on academic performance: A population-based matched cohort study.
94  acid redox ratio
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
ELF (1 time)
GRR (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2002 Antioxidant supplementation and pulmonary function at rest and exercise.
95  acid resistance ratio
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
EFU (1 time)
RER (1 time)
SMHR (1 time)
2018 Effects of a sodium fluoride- and phytate-containing dentifrice on remineralisation of enamel erosive lesions-an in situ randomised clinical study.
96  acrosome reaction rate
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
PCBs (1 time)
2003 Effects of acute postnatal exposure to 3,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl on sperm function and hormone levels in adult rats.
97  activating blood circulation to remove blood stasis recipe
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
COPD (1 time)
2005 [Clinical observation on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease of acute aggravating stage treated with activating blood circulation to remove blood stasis recipe].
98  activity (PRA) ratio
(1 time)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
ARC (1 time)
PA (1 time)
PAC (1 time)
2010 Diagnosis of primary aldosteronism: comparison of post-captopril active renin concentration and plasma renin activity.
99  actual risk reduction
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2015 Early cholecystectomy in children with gallstone pancreatitis reduces readmissions.
100  acute radio-reaction
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
NPC (1 time)
RT (1 time)
TCM (1 time)
2007 [Clinical observation on TCM treatment according to syndrome differentiation in relieving acute radio-reaction in nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients].