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Abbreviation: AS
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Long forms: 1756

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
ankylosing spondylitis
(5197 times)
Rheumatology
(2781 times)
RA (723 times)
BASDAI (526 times)
SPA (355 times)
0 [Axial spondyloarthritis].
aortic stenosis
(3311 times)
Cardiology
(1669 times)
AVR (455 times)
LV (410 times)
TAVI (370 times)
1975 Prolonged left ventricular ejection time in the post-premature beat. A sensitive sign of idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic stenosis.
alternative splicing
(819 times)
Molecular Biology
(185 times)
NMD (29 times)
IR (22 times)
DEGs (21 times)
1999 Reduced stability of regularly spliced but not alternatively spliced p53 protein in PARP-deficient mouse fibroblasts.
active surveillance
(760 times)
Urology
(402 times)
PCa (222 times)
PSA (139 times)
RP (137 times)
2001 Human West Nile virus surveillance--Connecticut, New Jersey, and New York, 2000.
Angelman syndrome
(618 times)
Genetics, Medical
(219 times)
PWS (169 times)
UPD (53 times)
FISH (35 times)
1989 Angelman and Prader-Willi syndromes share a common chromosome 15 deletion but differ in parental origin of the deletion.
anxiety sensitivity
(437 times)
Psychiatry
(169 times)
ASI (39 times)
PTSD (34 times)
PD (22 times)
1995 Anxiety sensitivity: theoretical perspectives and recent findings.
Asperger syndrome
(415 times)
Psychiatry
(233 times)
HFA (77 times)
ASD (43 times)
ADHD (15 times)
1986 Asperger's syndrome and Tourette syndrome: the case of the pinball wizard.
aortic valve stenosis
(362 times)
Cardiology
(218 times)
LV (50 times)
TAVI (50 times)
AVR (43 times)
1982 Electrocardiographic observations in severe aortic valve stenosis: correlative necropsy study to clinical, hemodynamic,, and ECG variables demonstrating relation of 12-lead QRS amplitude to peak systolic transaortic pressure gradient.
antisense
(337 times)
Neoplasms
(59 times)
ODN (48 times)
ODNs (23 times)
RNAi (9 times)
1988 Intracellular detection of sense and antisense enteroviral RNA by in situ hybridization.
10  Alport syndrome
(262 times)
Nephrology
(94 times)
GBM (36 times)
ESRD (20 times)
FGFR2 (16 times)
1980 [Urinary excretion of acid glycosaminoglycans and glomerular basement membrane antigens in patients with Alport's Syndrome (author's transl)].
11  activated sludge
(259 times)
Environmental Health
(179 times)
WWTPs (30 times)
COD (22 times)
WWTP (21 times)
2001 External nitrification in biological nutrient removal activated sludge systems.
12  active sleep
(162 times)
Pediatrics
(55 times)
QS (122 times)
SIDS (16 times)
HR (13 times)
1976 Sleep and brain malformation in the neonatal period.
13  artesunate
(154 times)
Tropical Medicine
(59 times)
SP (36 times)
DHA (34 times)
AQ (28 times)
1991 [Pharmacokinetics and metabolism of artesunate in cows].
14  angiosarcoma
(149 times)
Neoplasms
(49 times)
AVL (9 times)
KS (9 times)
IHC (8 times)
1987 Orbital angiosarcoma with subconjunctival presentation. Report of a case and literature review.
15  alpha-synuclein
(146 times)
Neurology
(45 times)
PD (55 times)
AD (10 times)
DLB (10 times)
2000 Lewy bodies in Alzheimer's disease: a neuropathological review of 145 cases using alpha-synuclein immunohistochemistry.
16  arterial stiffness
(145 times)
Vascular Diseases
(37 times)
PWV (53 times)
BP (22 times)
CVD (17 times)
2006 [Arterial blood pressure and arterial stiffness in adolescents are related to gestational age].
17  ammonium sulfate
(122 times)
Environmental Health
(25 times)
RH (13 times)
AN (8 times)
DRH (5 times)
1975 The specific blocking of humoral immune cytolysis mediated by anti-tumor antibodies degraded by lysosomal enzymes of tumor origin.
18  artificial saliva
(106 times)
Dentistry
(64 times)
SEM (16 times)
DW (10 times)
ANOVA (6 times)
1997 Artificial salivas for in vitro studies of dental materials.
19  asparagine synthetase
(95 times)
Botany
(24 times)
GS (13 times)
ALL (9 times)
GDH (8 times)
1980 Enzymes of nitrogen assimilation in maize roots.
20  autologous serum
(79 times)
Ophthalmology
(24 times)
FBS (18 times)
FCS (10 times)
MSCs (5 times)
1980 Sequential immunological studies in an asbestos-exposed population. II. Factors affecting lymphocyte function.
21  argininosuccinate synthetase
(78 times)
Biochemistry
(29 times)
NO (24 times)
AL (22 times)
iNOS (15 times)
1975 Effect of age on activities of urea cycle enzymes in the bovine.
22  antisaccade
(65 times)
Neurology
(26 times)
PS (9 times)
RS (7 times)
SPEM (7 times)
1997 Disturbed striatoprefrontal mediated visual behaviour in moderate to severe parkinsonian patients.
23  antisense oligonucleotide
(59 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
JNK (3 times)
Cx43 (2 times)
GABA (2 times)
1992 Dialysis of lactotropes with antisense oligonucleotides assigns guanine nucleotide binding protein subtypes to their channel effectors.
24  acetosyringone
(54 times)
Microbiology
(12 times)
ATMT (7 times)
T-DNA (6 times)
vir (6 times)
1987 Acetosyringone promotes high efficiency transformation of Arabidopsis thaliana explants by Agrobacterium tumefaciens.
25  Agatston score
(49 times)
Cardiology
(14 times)
CAC (20 times)
CT (11 times)
MDCT (9 times)
2002 Reproducibility of three different scoring systems for measurement of coronary calcium.
26  anabolic steroids
(49 times)
Sports Medicine
(8 times)
LV (4 times)
HDL-C (3 times)
AAS (2 times)
1987 Lack of effect of anabolic steroids on specific mRNAs of skeletal muscle undergoing compensatory hypertrophy.
27  Apathy Scale
(49 times)
Neurology
(29 times)
PD (29 times)
UPDRS (10 times)
BDI-II (7 times)
2003 [Apathy syndrome: a clinical entity?].
28  arylsulfatase
(48 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
LDH (9 times)
AES (8 times)
LAS (7 times)
1976 Lysosomal acid hydrolase activities in the lungs of fetal, neonatal, adult, and senile mice.
29  asymptomatic
(47 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(9 times)
DU (7 times)
PU (6 times)
IL (5 times)
1992 Definition of an immunodominant T cell epitope contained in the envelope gp41 sequence of HIV-1.
30  Angelica sinensis
(45 times)
Pharmacology
(13 times)
AM (4 times)
ASP (4 times)
CREB (3 times)
1995 [Protective effects of Angelica sinensis injection on myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury in rabbits].
31  anthranilate synthase
(45 times)
Botany
(11 times)
Trp (10 times)
ADCS (5 times)
IS (4 times)
1969 "Self-feeding" strain of Salmonella typhimurium with a mutation in the trpB gene and nutritional requirements of trpA gene mutants.
32  angioid streaks
(43 times)
Ophthalmology
(31 times)
CNV (28 times)
PXE (11 times)
BCVA (9 times)
1989 [Clinical forms and differential diagnosis of angioid streaks of the retina].
33  anterior segment
(43 times)
Ophthalmology
(29 times)
OCT (19 times)
ACD (11 times)
ACA (9 times)
1997 Effects of time of storage, albumin, and osmolality changes on outflow facility (C) of bovine anterior segment in vitro.
34  allele-specific
(42 times)
Genetics
(6 times)
PCR (8 times)
PCR-RFLP (3 times)
CML (2 times)
1998 Association of the NAT1*10 genotype with increased chromosome aberrations and higher lung cancer risk in cigarette smokers.
35  anastomotic strictures
(42 times)
Gastroenterology
(12 times)
EA (10 times)
LT (10 times)
ERCP (9 times)
2006 Factors predisposing to the development of anastomotic strictures in a single-surgeon series of radical retropubic prostatectomies.
36  Angeli's salt
(42 times)
Biochemistry
(20 times)
NO (15 times)
DEA/NO (4 times)
GTN (4 times)
1995 Oxidative release of nitric oxide accounts for guanylyl cyclase stimulating, vasodilator and anti-platelet activity of Piloty's acid: a comparison with Angeli's salt.
37  antimicrobial stewardship
(42 times)
Communicable Diseases
(12 times)
ID (4 times)
AR (3 times)
ASPs (3 times)
2011 Use of procalcitonin (PCT) to guide discontinuation of antibiotic use in an unspecified sepsis is an antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP).
38  Alstrom syndrome
(41 times)
Genetics, Medical
(11 times)
ALMS1 (5 times)
BMI (3 times)
ACMG (1 time)
1997 Genealogy, natural history, and phenotype of Alstrom syndrome in a large Acadian kindred and three additional families.
39  asthma
(35 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
AR (15 times)
AD (6 times)
HC (3 times)
1997 Eosinophils, mast cells, and basophils in induced sputum from patients with seasonal allergic rhinitis and perennial asthma: relationship to methacholine responsiveness.
40  absence seizures
(34 times)
Neurology
(23 times)
GTCS (9 times)
EEG (7 times)
CAE (4 times)
1984 Some clinical and EEG aspects of benign juvenile myoclonic epilepsy.
41  additive solution
(32 times)
Hematology
(28 times)
PLT (6 times)
RBC (6 times)
PCs (5 times)
1987 Liquid storage at 4 degrees C of previously frozen red cells.
42  androgen suppression
(32 times)
Neoplasms
(17 times)
RT (11 times)
PSA (8 times)
HR (7 times)
2000 Maximum androgen blockade in advanced prostate cancer: an overview of the randomised trials. Prostate Cancer Trialists' Collaborative Group.
43  aerobic scope
(30 times)
Biology
(13 times)
SMR (12 times)
MMR (9 times)
CTmax (5 times)
1989 [Longitudinal evaluation of aerobic capacity determined by torque auto-controlled system with the feedback of photoelectric pulse].
44  aggregation substance
(30 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(13 times)
esp (3 times)
EBS (2 times)
Ace (1 time)
1991 Role of the pheromone-inducible surface protein Asc10 in mating aggregate formation and conjugal transfer of the Enterococcus faecalis plasmid pCF10.
45  aqueductal stenosis
(30 times)
Neurology
(15 times)
ETV (10 times)
NPH (4 times)
CSF (3 times)
1983 Brief clinical report: aqueductal stenosis leading to hydrocephalus--an unusual manifestation of neurofibromatosis.
46  acute stress
(29 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
CS (5 times)
CUS (4 times)
HPA (4 times)
1998 Decreased endothelium-dependent vasoconstriction to noradrenaline in acute-stressed rats is potentiated by previous chronic stress: nitric oxide involvement.
47  aldosterone synthase
(28 times)
Endocrinology
(12 times)
11 beta-OHase (4 times)
Ang II (2 times)
CS (2 times)
1991 Different isozymes of mouse 11 beta-hydroxylase produce mineralocorticoids and glucocorticoids.
48  audiogenic seizures
(28 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(13 times)
IC (8 times)
KM (5 times)
SN (4 times)
1985 Modulation of alpha 1-and alpha 2-adrenoceptor binding sites in the brain of audiogenic seizure susceptible mice (DBA/2J).
49  anaphylactic shock
(26 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
MAP (5 times)
EPI (4 times)
AMI (2 times)
1976 Platelets in rat anaphylaxis.
50  artificial sweeteners
(26 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
GI (2 times)
ICM (2 times)
SRC (2 times)
1979 Use of artificial sweeteners by cancer patients.
51  Ashworth Scale
(26 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
CP (3 times)
SCI (3 times)
VAS (3 times)
1994 A comparison of clonidine, cyproheptadine and baclofen in spastic spinal cord injured patients.
52  asiaticoside
(26 times)
Pharmacology
(7 times)
AA (6 times)
ELISA (4 times)
IL (4 times)
1999 Protective effects of asiaticoside derivatives against beta-amyloid neurotoxicity.
53  antiserum
(24 times)
Endocrinology
(9 times)
PRL (4 times)
GRF (2 times)
LH (2 times)
1976 Delayed effects of in vivo LHRH immunoneutralization on gonadotropins and prolactin secretion in the female rat.
54  area strain
(24 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(13 times)
LV (9 times)
CS (8 times)
LS (8 times)
2011 Real-time three-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography: a novel technique to quantify global left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony.
55  acetylstrophanthidin
(23 times)
Pharmacology
(9 times)
DAD (3 times)
OAP (3 times)
VT (3 times)
1968 Effect of acute hypoxia and hypercapnic acidosis on the development of acetylstrophanthidin-induced arrhythmias.
56  activity score
(23 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
CNV (2 times)
CPIC (2 times)
OCT (2 times)
1990 [The criteria for indication of plasma exchange on lupus nephritis].
57  alfalfa silage
(23 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(22 times)
CS (12 times)
DM (8 times)
CP (4 times)
1991 Roughage sources in beef cattle finishing diets.
58  aluminum sulfate
(23 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
PAC (5 times)
FC (3 times)
COD (2 times)
2001 Effects of diameter, chemical impregnation and hydration on the tensile strength of gingival retraction cords.
59  added sugar
(22 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(16 times)
SSB (5 times)
FS (3 times)
TS (3 times)
2006 Diet quality, added sugar, and dietary fiber intakes in American preschoolers.
60  androgen-sensitive
(22 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
AI (16 times)
PCa (8 times)
AR (7 times)
2004 PMP24, a gene identified by MSRF, undergoes DNA hypermethylation-associated gene silencing during cancer progression in an LNCaP model.
61  anteroseptal
(22 times)
Cardiology
(15 times)
PS (8 times)
AP (5 times)
RL (5 times)
1977 [Hemodynamic profile of acute myocardial infarction as a function of electrocardiographic localization].
62  anterior scalene
(21 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
SCM (14 times)
MVC (6 times)
EMG (5 times)
1997 Scalene muscles and the brachial plexus: anatomical variations and their clinical significance.
63  ascites syndrome
(21 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(14 times)
AIC (5 times)
AS-R (3 times)
AS-S (3 times)
1998 Metabolic disturbances in male broilers of different strains. 1. Performance, mortality, and right ventricular hypertrophy.
64  autism spectrum
(21 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
CI (2 times)
IS (2 times)
TD (2 times)
1999 Solar urticaria: A consideration of the mechanism of inhibition spectra.
65  accessory spleen
(20 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
ITP (4 times)
LS (4 times)
FNA (3 times)
1984 Morphology of pancreatic tissue-containing accessory spleen in an APA hamster.
66  astrocytes
(20 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
OL (9 times)
GFAP (8 times)
CNS (3 times)
1988 Establishment, characterization, and evolution of cultures enriched in type-2 astrocytes.
67  atropine sulfate
(20 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
OP (5 times)
AChE (3 times)
AMN (3 times)
1967 The action of tubocurarine and atropine on the normal and denervated rat diaphragm.
68  active site
(19 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
TC (3 times)
BPV (2 times)
SBP (2 times)
1969 Isometric muscle contraction and the active state: an analog computer study.
69  anionic surfactants
(19 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
SDBS (8 times)
SDS (8 times)
RRS (4 times)
1998 [Quality of agricultural crops from lands irrigated with purified sewage].
70  antisynthetase syndrome
(19 times)
Rheumatology
(6 times)
ILD (7 times)
DM (5 times)
IMNM (4 times)
2002 [The antisynthetase syndrome: a subgroup of inflammatory myopathies not to be unrecognized].
71  actual survival
(18 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
CPS (6 times)
DFS (3 times)
CES (2 times)
1991 Definitive radiation therapy in the treatment of carcinoma of the uterine cervix. Treatment results and prognostic factors.
72  Alvarado score
(18 times)
General Surgery
(9 times)
AA (10 times)
CRP (4 times)
NPV (4 times)
2008 Family history of acute appendicitis.
73  aortic strain
(18 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
AD (14 times)
ASI (6 times)
APV (3 times)
2007 C-reactive protein and aortic stiffness in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy.
74  Apgar score
(18 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
BW (3 times)
CS (2 times)
EA (2 times)
1986 Apgar scores and asphyxia. Results of a study and proposal for a clinical grading system.
75  Alagille syndrome
(17 times)
Pediatrics
(8 times)
BA (1 time)
CMA (1 time)
CNV (1 time)
1995 [Arteriohepatic dysplasia (Alagille syndrome)].
76  angiostatin
(17 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
VEGF (5 times)
ES (4 times)
BAE (2 times)
2002 Angiostatin potentiates cyclophosphamide treatment of metastatic disease.
77  ascorbic acid
(17 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
hGMSCs (2 times)
NBS (2 times)
AQ (1 time)
1967 [Further Investigations on the phytochrome-mediated accumulation of ascorbic acid in the mustard seedling (Sinapis alba L.)].
78  ambulatory surgery
(16 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
PONV (2 times)
AAAs (1 time)
APPV (1 time)
1996 [Ambulatory surgery: current status and prospects].
79  aortic stiffness
(16 times)
Cardiovascular Diseases
(5 times)
PWV (7 times)
AIx (4 times)
CAD (2 times)
1986 Aortic stiffness in insulin-dependent diabetics: an echocardiographic study.
80  asymptomatic smokers
(16 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(8 times)
CB (7 times)
COPD (5 times)
IL (4 times)
1993 Airway inflammation in smokers with nonobstructive and obstructive chronic bronchitis.
81  atrial septum
(16 times)
Cardiology
(12 times)
LA (6 times)
AF (5 times)
RA (5 times)
1995 Atrial septal motion in effusive--constrictive pericarditis: transesophageal echocardiographic study and hemodynamic correlation.
82  acute stroke
(15 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
ED (3 times)
AF (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1995 Oxygen desaturation on swallowing as a potential marker of aspiration in acute stroke.
83  anterosuperior
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
PS (7 times)
AI (6 times)
PI (6 times)
1999 [Precise positioning for reconstruction of anterior cruciate ligament].
84  artificial soil
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
ASS (1 time)
CEC (1 time)
DED (1 time)
2007 In vitro phototoxicity test using artificial skin with melanocytes.
85  auditory stimulation
(15 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
VS (4 times)
Acb (2 times)
APO (2 times)
1989 Rhythmic auditory stimulation in generalized epilepsy.
86  acupuncture stimulation
(14 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
LDF (3 times)
MBF (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1993 The effect of acupuncture stimulation of the middle latency auditory evoked potential.
87  Aicardi syndrome
(14 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
MRI (2 times)
CC (1 time)
CCA (1 time)
2000 An unknown combination of infantile spasms, retinal lesions, facial dysmorphism and limb abnormalities.
88  amidase signature
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
FAAH (4 times)
Pam (2 times)
2-CA (1 time)
2001 Characterization and manipulation of the acyl chain selectivity of fatty acid amide hydrolase.
89  aspirin-sensitive
(14 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
AR (7 times)
AT (7 times)
CRS (3 times)
2001 An open audit of montelukast, a leukotriene receptor antagonist, in nasal polyposis associated with asthma.
90  assisted suicide
(14 times)
Health Services
(3 times)
VE (3 times)
ALS (1 time)
ALSFRS-R (1 time)
1997 Assisted suicide for the terminally ill: why we must have a choice.
91  astragalosides
(14 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
APS (2 times)
BDL (2 times)
CS (2 times)
1999 [Effects of Astragaloside in treating myocardial injury and myocardial Sarco/Endoplasmic Ca(2+)-ATPase of viral myocarditis mice].
92  acetaminophen sulfate
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
AG (11 times)
PB (3 times)
4MUS (1 time)
1983 Pharmacokinetic study of the fate of acetaminophen and its conjugates in rats.
93  anal sphincter
(13 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AI (2 times)
BC (2 times)
MEPs (2 times)
1989 Neurophysiological evaluation of central-peripheral sensory and motor pudendal fibres.
94  axial symptoms
(13 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
ROM (5 times)
ACDF (2 times)
JOA (2 times)
2008 [Contrastive analysis of neck axial symptoms after Bryan cervical disc arthroplasty or traditional anterior cervical discectomy and fusion].
95  affective style
(12 times)
Psychology
(7 times)
EE (8 times)
CD (4 times)
CS (3 times)
1985 Family factors that antedate the onset of schizophrenia and related disorders: the results of a fifteen year prospective longitudinal study.
96  amnioserosa
(12 times)
Cell Biology
(7 times)
DC (5 times)
PCD (2 times)
AJs (1 time)
2007 Dpp signalling orchestrates dorsal closure by regulating cell shape changes both in the amnioserosa and in the epidermis.
97  analog-sensitive
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
CAK (1 time)
CCNY (1 time)
CDK (1 time)
2006 Dichotomous but stringent substrate selection by the dual-function Cdk7 complex revealed by chemical genetics.
98  Asian
(12 times)
Science
(2 times)
AA (7 times)
HI (4 times)
CA (3 times)
1999 REM sleep in depression is influenced by ethnicity.
99  atherosclerosis score
(12 times)
Nephrology
(4 times)
CKD (4 times)
MIF (2 times)
AAA (1 time)
1980 Prostaglandin E2 synthesis in pigeon aorta: comparison of atherosclerosis-resistant (Show Racer) and atherosclerosis-prone (White Carneau) breeds.
100  Atlantic salmon
(12 times)
Zoology
(6 times)
rt (5 times)
PUFA (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1990 Polyunsaturated fatty acid metabolism in cultured fish cells: Incorporation and metabolism of (n-3) and (n-6) series acids by Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) cells.