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Abbreviation: ASR
Appearance Frequency: 1955 time(s)
Long forms: 284

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
acoustic startle response
(299 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(90 times)
PPI (126 times)
PTSD (25 times)
EPM (19 times)
1982 The effect of tail pinch on the acoustic startle response in rats.
age-standardized incidence rate
(187 times)
Neoplasms
(112 times)
APC (17 times)
CI (10 times)
EAPC (8 times)
1992 Estimated incidence and prevalence of female breast cancer in Italian regions.
age-standardized rates
(157 times)
Neoplasms
(75 times)
APC (19 times)
CR (7 times)
CRC (6 times)
1991 [Regional differentials in cancer mortality in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1979-1981].
automatic speech recognition
(120 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(33 times)
WER (7 times)
DNN (6 times)
HMM (6 times)
1989 Microcomputer voice-recognition program in a hospital emergency department.
acoustic startle reflex
(106 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(30 times)
PPI (43 times)
ABR (6 times)
OR (5 times)
1991 Opiate-dopamine interactions in the neural substrates of acoustic startle gating in the rat.
automotive shredder residue
(75 times)
Environmental Health
(61 times)
ELVs (12 times)
RDF (6 times)
ELV (5 times)
2001 Co-combustion of shredder residues and municipal solid waste in a Swedish municipal solid waste incinerator.
Articular Surface Replacement
(50 times)
Orthopedics
(32 times)
MoM (11 times)
THA (11 times)
ARMD (7 times)
2006 Cementing techniques in hip resurfacing.
ancestral sequence reconstruction
(43 times)
Molecular Biology
(16 times)
ML (3 times)
AncCARs (2 times)
CARs (2 times)
2002 Evolution of complex fruiting-body morphologies in homobasidiomycetes.
Anabaena sensory rhodopsin
(39 times)
Chemistry
(15 times)
bR (10 times)
ASRT (6 times)
FTIR (6 times)
2005 FTIR spectroscopy of the all-trans form of Anabaena sensory rhodopsin at 77 K: hydrogen bond of a water between the Schiff base and Asp75.
10  adult sex ratio
(32 times)
Biology
(15 times)
OSR (2 times)
ABM (1 time)
EPM (1 time)
1994 Gene-culture coevolution and sex ratios: the effects of infanticide, sex-selective abortion, sex selection, and sex-biased parental investment on the evolution of sex ratios.
11  aquifer storage and recovery
(32 times)
Environmental Health
(24 times)
THMs (3 times)
ASTR (2 times)
DBPs (2 times)
2004 Geochemical processes during five years of aquifer storage recovery.
12  absolute synthesis rate
(30 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(10 times)
FSR (20 times)
FCR (4 times)
BMI (2 times)
1987 Effect of a major gene for growth on protein synthesis in mice.
13  auditory startle response
(30 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
PPI (13 times)
EMG (4 times)
HAND (3 times)
1990 Trimethyltin effects on auditory function and cochlear morphology.
14  Adult Self-Report
(29 times)
Psychiatry
(10 times)
ABCL (3 times)
CBCL (3 times)
YSR (3 times)
2008 Associations between ethnicity and self-reported hallucinations in a population sample of young adults in The Netherlands.
15  Angelicae Sinensis Radix
(29 times)
Pharmacology
(12 times)
AR (19 times)
DBT (16 times)
CR (4 times)
2011 Chemical and biological assessment of Angelicae Sinensis Radix after processing with wine: an orthogonal array design to reveal the optimized conditions.
16  Asian soybean rust
(29 times)
Genetics
(7 times)
NHR (2 times)
PCR (2 times)
SNP (2 times)
2005 Morphologic and Pathometric Characterization of the Asian Soybean Rust (Phakopsora pachyrhizi) on Kudzu (Pueraria lobata) in Argentina.
17  acute stress reaction
(26 times)
Psychiatry
(8 times)
PTSD (7 times)
ASD (5 times)
IES-R (3 times)
2003 Protracted acute stress reaction following an earthquake.
18  alkali-silica reaction
(26 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
SEM (7 times)
XRD (3 times)
ACR (2 times)
1999 High resolution transmission soft X-ray microscopy of deterioration products developed in large concrete dams
19  analyte-specific reagent
(25 times)
Microbiology
(17 times)
HCV (3 times)
cis (2 times)
CMV (2 times)
2004 Verification of an assay for quantification of hepatitis C virus RNA by use of an analyte-specific reagent and two different extraction methods.
20  aquatic surface respiration
(20 times)
Biology
(11 times)
crit (3 times)
fR (2 times)
LOE (2 times)
1988 Behavioural and ecomorphological responses of the neotropical pacu Piaractus mesopotamicus (Teleostei, Serrasalmidae) to oxygen-deficient waters.
21  androgen-sterilized rats
(19 times)
Complementary Therapies
(6 times)
FSH (3 times)
LH (3 times)
NE (3 times)
1974 Proceedings: Effects of L-DOPA, disulfiram and haloperidol on reappearance of cyclicity in androgen-sterilized rats (ASR).
22  adjusted sequence ratio
(18 times)
Drug Therapy
(8 times)
CI (9 times)
PSSA (5 times)
ADRs (2 times)
2010 Increased risk of hip fracture in the elderly associated with prochlorperazine: is a prescribing cascade contributing?
23  aldosterone secretion rate
(18 times)
Endocrinology
(5 times)
PRA (5 times)
Ang II (4 times)
THA (3 times)
1966 Hypertension, increased aldosterone secretion and low plasma renin activity relieved by dexamethasone.
24  area specific resistance
(16 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
IT-SOFC (3 times)
LSGM (2 times)
VRFBs (2 times)
2003 Ordered mesoporous phosphosilicate glass electrolyte film with low area specific resistivity.
25  acid-, stress-, and ripening-induced
(15 times)
Botany
(5 times)
ABA (5 times)
WT (4 times)
MDA (3 times)
2011 Lily ASR protein-conferred cold and freezing resistance in Arabidopsis.
26  acoustic stapedius reflex
(15 times)
Audiology
(6 times)
ASRT (4 times)
ASRD (2 times)
BBN (2 times)
1982 The acoustic stapedial reflex as a prognostic indicator in sudden onset sensorineural hearing loss.
27  acid, stress and ripening
(13 times)
Botany
(5 times)
ABA (3 times)
APX (1 time)
EMSA (1 time)
2011 MpAsr encodes an intrinsically unstructured protein and enhances osmotic tolerance in transgenic Arabidopsis.
28  auditory startle reflex
(11 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
SSS (2 times)
TCR (2 times)
ABCTs (1 time)
1991 Assessment of functional recovery after spinal cord injury in rats by reticulospinal-mediated motor evoked responses.
29  age-standardized mortality rate
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
EU (3 times)
AAPC (2 times)
APC (2 times)
2000 Calcium and magnesium in drinking water and the risk of death from breast cancer.
30  anal sphincter rupture
(9 times)
Obstetrics
(9 times)
AI (2 times)
EAUS (1 time)
PRM (1 time)
1988 Long-term ailments due to anal sphincter rupture caused by delivery--a hidden problem.
31  abdominosacral resection
(8 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
APR (2 times)
AR (2 times)
ASAR (1 time)
1978 Abdominosacral resection for carcinoma of the midrectum: ten years experience.
32  absolute secretion rate
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
VLDL (4 times)
FSR (3 times)
GC-MS (3 times)
1995 Direct correlation between cholesterol synthesis and hepatic secretion of apolipoprotein B-100 in normolipidemic subjects.
33  acute stress response
(8 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
PTSD (3 times)
AMI (1 time)
ATR (1 time)
2000 [Trauma, traumatic stress and depression following an airline catastrophy].
34  artifact subspace reconstruction
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(6 times)
EEG (7 times)
ICA (2 times)
BMIs (1 time)
2014 Sitting and standing intention can be decoded from scalp EEG recorded prior to movement execution.
35  activated sludge reactor
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
SS (2 times)
CFB (1 time)
COD (1 time)
2004 Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis of nitrifiers in piggery wastewater treatment reactors.
36  adrenal-to-spleen ratio
(7 times)
Radiology
(6 times)
SII (4 times)
CSI (3 times)
ADC (1 time)
1995 An imaging algorithm for the differential diagnosis of adrenal adenomas and metastases.
37  anaerobic speed reserve
(7 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
MAS (4 times)
MSS (2 times)
BST (1 time)
2017 Heart rate recovery after aerobic and anaerobic tests: is there an influence of anaerobic speed reserve?
38  abnormal sperm rate
(6 times)
Zoology
(5 times)
MOT (5 times)
SCON (4 times)
VOL (3 times)
2006 Candidate gene markers for sperm quality and fertility of boar.
39  acoustic startle
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AEP (1 time)
AMPH (1 time)
CIE (1 time)
1997 [The selective effect of monoclonal antibodies to the nerve growth protein A3G7 on the central mechanisms of different types of defensive behavior in adult rats].
40  acoustic startle reaction
(6 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
PPI (4 times)
CM-Pf (1 time)
DBS (1 time)
2007 Effect of prior exposure to a lithium- and an amphetamine-paired flavor on the acoustic startle response in rats.
41  ammoniacal silver reaction
(6 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
EM (1 time)
LM (1 time)
MBP (1 time)
1975 Ultrastructural localization of cationic proteins in cytoplasmic granules of chicken and rabbit polymorphonuclear leukocytes.
42  Atraumatic splenic rupture
(6 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(2 times)
CT (2 times)
AAST (1 time)
CECT (1 time)
2009 Systematic review of atraumatic splenic rupture.
43  alternansucrase
(5 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
GH70 (1 time)
GTF (1 time)
SBS (1 time)
2000 Sequence analysis of the gene encoding alternansucrase, a sucrose glucosyltransferase from Leuconostoc mesenteroides NRRL B-1355.
44  aperiodic stochastic resonance
(5 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
ANN (1 time)
CR (1 time)
KF (1 time)
1996 Noise-enhanced information transmission in rat SA1 cutaneous mechanoreceptors via aperiodic stochastic resonance.
45  aspirin semiresistance
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
AR (5 times)
AS (3 times)
AA (2 times)
2006 [Aspirin resistance in patients taking small dose of aspirin].
46  auditory startle reaction
(5 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
ABR (1 time)
APB (1 time)
BB (1 time)
1999 Prepulse modulation of the startle reaction and the blink reflex in normal human subjects.
47  auto shredder residue
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
ELVs (2 times)
BF (1 time)
ELV (1 time)
2002 Evolution and kinetics of volatile organic compounds generated during low-temperature polymer degradation.
48  ABA-stress-ripening
(4 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
ABA (1 time)
ABA/WDS (1 time)
HT (1 time)
2014 Profiling of sugar transporter genes in grapevine coping with water deficit.
49  adaptive sparse representation
(4 times)
Biology
(1 time)
SR (2 times)
AP (1 time)
DNNC (1 time)
2015 Identification of functional networks in resting state fMRI data using adaptive sparse representation and affinity propagation clustering.
50  addition standard recovery
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
ICP-AES (1 time)
2002 [Determination of Na, K and Ca in brains of less white mouse by AAS].
51  asylum seekers and refugees
(4 times)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
HI (1 time)
MDD (1 time)
PTSD (1 time)
2016 Head injury in asylum seekers and refugees referred with psychological trauma.
52  atrial structural remodeling
(4 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AF (4 times)
HF (2 times)
Ang II (1 time)
2015 Angiotensin II activates signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 via Rac1 in the atrial tissue in permanent atrial fibrillation patients with rheumatic heart disease.
53  ablation site recurrence
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CRLMs (1 time)
CRS (1 time)
LA (1 time)
2019 Factors predicting ablation site recurrence following percutaneous microwave ablation of colorectal hepatic metastases.
54  abnormal spermatozoa rate
(3 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
MOT (3 times)
PDR (2 times)
VOL (2 times)
2011 Effects of MboII and BspMI polymorphisms in the gonadotropin releasing hormone receptor (GnRHR) gene on sperm quality in Holstein bulls.
55  accident severity rate
(3 times)
Occupational Medicine
(1 time)
ANN (1 time)
ANNs (1 time)
HAZID (1 time)
2015 Use of Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) for the Analysis and Modeling of Factors That Affect Occupational Injuries in Large Construction Industries.
56  additional surgical resection
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ESD (2 times)
AT (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2016 Additional surgical resection after endoscopic mucosal dissection for early gastric cancer: A medium-sized hospital's experience.
57  age specific incidence rates
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AAIR (1 time)
AYAs (1 time)
HV (1 time)
2002 Comparability and Quality Control in Cancer Registration; Karachi (data monitoring 1995-2001).
58  age-standardized
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CR (3 times)
AAPC (1 time)
BC (1 time)
2016 Temporal Trends and Future Prediction of Breast Cancer Incidence Across Age Groups in Trivandrum, South India.
59  allergic skin response
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
OVA (2 times)
AU (1 time)
DTH (1 time)
2011 Dietary fatty acids affect the immune system in male mice sensitized to ovalbumin or vaccinated with influenza.
60  androgen-induced sterility rats
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
BTR (1 time)
FSH (1 time)
IR (1 time)
1998 [Effect of kidney yin-yang replenishing Chinese herbs on the binding character of insulin receptor on hepatocyte membrane in androgen-induced sterility rats].
61  anterior septal reconstruction
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
NOSE (2 times)
SCHNOS-O, SCHNOS-C (1 time)
2017 Correcting Deviations of the Lower Third of the Nose.
62  anthracnose stalk rot
(3 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
ALB (2 times)
GLS (1 time)
GLVs (1 time)
1994 Generation-means analysis and quantitative trait locus mapping of anthracnose stalk rot genes in maize.
63  antistreptolysin reaction
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1962 [On the antistreptolysin reaction (ASR) in iritis and iridocyclitis].
64  Arias-Stella reaction
(3 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
CC (1 time)
CTH (1 time)
EC (1 time)
1994 Arias-Stella reaction in nonpregnant women: a clinicopathologic study of nine cases.
65  artificial silicon retina
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
AFC (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
CGAT (1 time)
2004 The artificial silicon retina microchip for the treatment of vision loss from retinitis pigmentosa.
66  aspect ratio
(3 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
FBP (2 times)
3DOS (1 time)
AST (1 time)
2012 [Evaluation of commercial resolution recovery techniques in four state-of-the-art single photon emission computed tomography systems using a digital phantom model].
67  Aarhus Sarcoma Registry
(2 times)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
STS (1 time)
2013 Population-based Aarhus Sarcoma Registry: validity, completeness of registration, and incidence of bone and soft tissue sarcomas in western Denmark.
68  abdominal skin reflex
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PCA (1 time)
UH (1 time)
2002 Wound sensitivity as a measure of analgesic effects following surgery in human neonates and infants.
69  abscisic acid, stress and ripening
(2 times)
Botany
(2 times)
ABA (1 time)
Al (1 time)
GUS (1 time)
2005 Conservation of the drought-inducible DS2 genes and divergences from their ASR paralogues in solanaceous species.
70  absolute protein synthesis rate
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
--- 2002 Bacterial infection affects protein synthesis in primary lymphoid tissues and circulating lymphocytes of rats.
71  Acanthopanax senticosus root
(2 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
DNP (1 time)
MAO-B (1 time)
TNF (1 time)
2001 Acanthopanax senticosus root inhibits mast cell-dependent anaphylaxis.
72  accompanied by decreased protein synthesis
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ALD (2 times)
PM (2 times)
SART (2 times)
1996 Age-related changes of protein turnover in specific tissues of the chick.
73  acid shock response
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
ATR (2 times)
1998 Acid tolerance and acid shock response of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and non-O157:H7 isolates provide cross protection to sodium lactate and sodium chloride.
74  acid-sensitive region
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
CHIKV (2 times)
VLPs (1 time)
2012 A specific domain of the Chikungunya virus E2 protein regulates particle formation in human cells: implications for alphavirus vaccine design.
75  acid-stress-ripening proteins
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
PEG (1 time)
2011 Structure and regulation of the Asr gene family in banana.
76  active student responding
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
FBA (1 time)
NR (1 time)
1994 Effects of active student response during error correction on the acquisition, maintenance, and generalization of science vocabulary by elementary students: A systematic replication.
77  actuarial survival
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DFS (2 times)
NPC (2 times)
AJC (1 time)
1991 A comparison of Ho's, International Union Against Cancer, and American Joint Committee stage classifications for nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
78  adaptive sidelobe reduction
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
MVM (2 times)
SAR (2 times)
RRMVM (1 time)
1994 Sidelobe reduction via adaptive FIR filtering in SAR imagery.
79  adaptive speckle reduction
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
ADW (1 time)
AWM (1 time)
CRSG (1 time)
1993 Compensation for the signal processing characteristics of ultrasound B-mode scanners in adaptive speckle reduction.
80  adaptive sport & recreational
(2 times)
Rehabilitation
(1 time)
PA (2 times)
AMC (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2018 Promoting Physical Activity by Creating Awareness of Adaptive Sports and Recreation Opportunities: An Academic-Community Partnership Perspective.
81  adhesion stabilization rate
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
DAR (2 times)
WSAT (2 times)
CI (1 time)
1999 Beta1-integrin-mediated dynamic adhesion of colon carcinoma cells to extracellular matrix under laminar flow.
82  adrenal-to-spleen chemical-shift ratio
(2 times)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
ADC (1 time)
ASII (1 time)
CECT (1 time)
2012 A prospective study on the utility of diffusion-weighted and quantitative chemical-shift magnetic resonance imaging in the distinction of adrenal adenomas and metastases.
83  Adult Self-Report Scale
(2 times)
Epilepsy
(1 time)
CES-D (1 time)
CSII (1 time)
ESS (1 time)
2008 Prevalence and associations of psychological distress in young adults with Type 1 diabetes.
84  age-adjusted rate
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CI (1 time)
KKCR (1 time)
NPC (1 time)
2004 High incidence of nasopharyngeal carcinoma in native people of Sarawak, Borneo Island.
85  age-adjusted standard rate
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BOTs (1 time)
CI (1 time)
FSU (1 time)
1998 The incidence of borderline ovarian tumors in Israel: a population-based study.
86  age-specific rates
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
AAPC (1 time)
AAR (1 time)
CR (1 time)
1996 [The risk of breast cancer in Catalonia].
87  age-standardized death rate
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
RR (1 time)
SMR (1 time)
TC (1 time)
2013 The geographical pattern of thyroid cancer mortality between 1980 and 2009 in Italy.
88  age-standardized IR
(2 times)
Medical Oncology
(1 time)
APC (1 time)
IR (1 time)
IRs (1 time)
2019 Changing Incidence of Uterine Cancer in Rural Egypt: Possible Impact of Nutritional and Epidemiologic Transitions.
89  age-standardized rate by Chinese population
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
AAPC (1 time)
ICD-10 (1 time)
2013 [Trend and prediction on the incidence of pancreatic cancer in China].
90  albumin synthesis rate
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
FSR (1 time)
1990 Albumin synthetic rate: a comparison of arginine and alpha-ketoisocaproate precursor methods using stable isotope techniques.
91  alcohol septal reduction
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
HC (2 times)
LV (1 time)
LVOT (1 time)
2003 Comparison of left ventricular diastolic function in obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in patients undergoing percutaneous septal alcohol ablation versus surgical myotomy/myectomy.
92  all stage resistant
(2 times)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
APR (2 times)
2018 Yield Loss Associated with Different Levels of Stem Rust Resistance in Bread Wheat.
93  all subsets regression
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AUC (1 time)
FSR (1 time)
LOO (1 time)
1996 A comparison of methods for limited-sampling strategy design using data from a phase I trial of the anthrapyrazole DuP-941.
94  ambiguity success rates
(2 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(2 times)
GLONASS (1 time)
GNSS (1 time)
GNSSs (1 time)
2019 Single-Epoch, Single-Frequency Multi-GNSS L5 RTK under High-Elevation Masking.
95  Anger Self-Report Questionnaire
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
FSS (1 time)
NA (1 time)
NAI (1 time)
2016 Indigenous Adoption of Novaco's Model of Anger Management Among Individuals with Psychiatric Problems in Pakistan.
96  aortic stenosis
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
SHR (2 times)
WKY (2 times)
1993 Differential response of hypertrophied rat hearts to various alpha 1-adrenoceptor agonists.
97  aortic stenosis and regurgitation
(2 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AS (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
CVD-S (1 time)
1996 [Clinicopathological analysis of rheumatic heart disease].
98  aortic stenosis rats
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
SHR (1 time)
WKY (1 time)
1994 The influence of coarctation hypertension on the pharmacodynamic behaviour of rat isolated conduit vessels.
99  apparent survival rate
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
DNNR (1 time)
DSR (1 time)
ENSO (1 time)
2014 ENSO, nest predation risk, food abundance, and male status fail to explain annual variations in the apparent survival rate of a migratory songbird.
100  Archives of Suicide Research
(2 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
WHO (1 time)
2005 Suicidality, bipolar disorders, and pharmacotherapy.