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Abbreviation: AST
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
aspartate aminotransferase
(8312 times)
Gastroenterology
(985 times)
ALT (1635 times)
ALP (1327 times)
LDH (1103 times)
1974 Changes in biochemical indices of vitamin nutrition in women using oral contraceptives during treatment with "Surbex 500".
antimicrobial susceptibility testing
(331 times)
Microbiology
(141 times)
ID (36 times)
MIC (23 times)
CLSI (21 times)
1977 In-use evaluation of a prediluted quantitative antibiotic susceptibility test device.
amino transferase
(299 times)
Medicine
(37 times)
ALP (69 times)
LDH (45 times)
SOD (44 times)
1978 Michaelis-Menten constant of serum aspartate amino transferase (AST) in heart and liver diseases.
aspartate
(98 times)
Toxicology
(14 times)
ALP (10 times)
LDH (10 times)
MDA (10 times)
1984 Time course of cadmium-induced ultrastructural changes in rat liver.
Astaxanthin
(78 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(12 times)
ROS (14 times)
MDA (6 times)
SOD (6 times)
2000 A comparison of lycopene and astaxanthin absorption from corn oil and olive oil emulsions.
androgen suppression therapy
(53 times)
Neoplasms
(31 times)
PSA (19 times)
RT (14 times)
CI (11 times)
2000 Biochemical outcome following external beam radiation therapy with or without androgen suppression therapy for clinically localized prostate cancer.
acute suppurative thyroiditis
(32 times)
Endocrinology
(10 times)
FNA (4 times)
PSF (4 times)
CT (3 times)
1990 Piriform sinus fistula: an underlying abnormality common in patients with acute suppurative thyroiditis.
acid suppressive therapy
(29 times)
Drug Therapy
(5 times)
SUP (6 times)
ICU (4 times)
PPIs (4 times)
2001 Outcomes of acid suppressive therapy in patients with posterior laryngitis.
amino transaminase
(29 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
LDH (6 times)
TG (5 times)
ALP (4 times)
1990 The effects of fasting on the quality of liver preservation by simple cold storage.
10  addition, serum aspartate aminotransferase
(25 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
ALP (4 times)
SOD (4 times)
GGT (3 times)
1991 Influence of the isolation method on the stability of differentiated phenotype in cultured rat hepatocytes.
11  astragaloside
(20 times)
Complementary Therapies
(10 times)
MDA (4 times)
DEX (3 times)
NO (3 times)
2001 Antinociceptive effect of astragalosides and its mechanism of action.
12  allatostatin
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
JH (3 times)
STG (2 times)
STNS (2 times)
1999 Allatostatin-like immunoreactivity in the stomatogastric nervous system and the pericardial organs of the crab Cancer pagurus, the lobster Homarus americanus, and the crayfish Cherax destructor and Procambarus clarkii.
13  American Society of Transplantation
(18 times)
Transplantation
(14 times)
ASTS (6 times)
ASN (2 times)
KDIGO (2 times)
1999 Heart transplantation in children: indications. Report of the Ad Hoc Subcommittee of the Pediatric Committee of the American Society of Transplantation (AST).
14  arginine stimulation test
(17 times)
Endocrinology
(13 times)
ITT (7 times)
GH (6 times)
GHD (4 times)
1988 Growth hormone and carbohydrate intolerance in cirrhosis.
15  aryl sulfotransferase
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(8 times)
PCP (2 times)
2-AAF (1 time)
AAF (1 time)
1987 Further characterization of the ability of hepatocarcinogens to lower rat liver aryl sulfotransferase activity.
16  astrocytes
(16 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
HO-1 (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
NC (2 times)
1998 Towards a method for automated classification of 1H MRS spectra from brain tumours.
17  average survival time
(16 times)
Virology
(5 times)
MST (4 times)
aGVHD (2 times)
allo-BMT (2 times)
1984 [Variants of the host immune response to the tick-borne encephalitis virus].
18  Active school transport
(15 times)
Public Health
(6 times)
PA (6 times)
OW (2 times)
STP (2 times)
2009 Active school transport, physical activity levels and body weight of children and youth: a systematic review.
19  attentional set-shifting test
(15 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
mPFC (8 times)
CUS (3 times)
PFC (3 times)
2009 Chronic intermittent cold stress and serotonin depletion induce deficits of reversal learning in an attentional set-shifting test in rats.
20  Astragaloside IV
(14 times)
Molecular Biology
(5 times)
CAG (3 times)
LDH (2 times)
NO (2 times)
2007 [Protective effects of Astragaloside and Quercetin on rat myocardial cells after hypoxia].
21  acute stent thrombosis
(13 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
PCI (6 times)
ACS (3 times)
BMS (2 times)
2006 Platelet activation and high tissue factor level predict acute stent thrombosis in pig coronary arteries: prothrombogenic response of drug-eluting or bare stent implantation within the first 24 hours.
22  autologous serum tears
(12 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
CU (3 times)
UAS (3 times)
ASST (1 time)
1997 Low-dose cyclosporin A in the treatment of severe chronic idiopathic urticaria.
23  Alternate-site testing
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(8 times)
SMBG (3 times)
BG (2 times)
CGMS (1 time)
1994 Alternate-site testing. Consider the analyst.
24  antimicrobial stewardship team
(11 times)
Drug Therapy
(4 times)
BSI (2 times)
MALDI-TOF (2 times)
AUD (1 time)
2012 Implementation of an antimicrobial stewardship program on the medical-surgical service of a 100-bed community hospital.
25  astigmatism
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
BCVA (4 times)
CYL (3 times)
PK (3 times)
2003 Impact of preoperative corneal curvature on the outcome of penetrating keratoplasty in keratoconus.
26  astrocytomas
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
GBM (6 times)
ANA (4 times)
CAH (1 time)
1985 Antigenic heterogeneity of human anaplastic gliomas and glioma-derived cell lines defined by monoclonal antibodies.
27  active school travel
(10 times)
Public Health
(5 times)
STP (2 times)
ALBD (1 time)
BEM (1 time)
2010 What's "quickest and easiest?": parental decision making about school trip mode.
28  arterial spin tagging
(10 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(7 times)
CBF (6 times)
MRI (2 times)
MT (2 times)
1999 Rapid and continuous monitoring of cerebral perfusion by magnetic resonance line scan assessment with arterial spin tagging.
29  adjuvant systemic therapy
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(8 times)
BC (2 times)
CI (2 times)
ET (2 times)
1991 Should all patients with node-negative breast cancer receive adjuvant therapy? Identifying additional subsets of low-risk patients who are highly curable by surgery alone.
30  active school transportation
(8 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
BE (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CAPL (1 time)
2011 GIS measured environmental correlates of active school transport: a systematic review of 14 studies.
31  astemizole
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
CaM (1 time)
CHL (1 time)
1986 Efficacy and safety of astemizole, a long-acting and nonsedating H1 antagonist for the treatment of chronic idiopathic urticaria.
32  Astragalus saponins
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
5-FU (1 time)
AGS (1 time)
AS-IV (1 time)
2007 Astragalus saponins induce growth inhibition and apoptosis in human colon cancer cells and tumor xenograft.
33  atypical Spitz tumor
(8 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
B-DPN (2 times)
BMT (2 times)
PEM (2 times)
2009 The atypical Spitz tumor of uncertain biologic potential: a series of 67 patients from a single institution.
34  anal sphincter tears
(7 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
adjOR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2007 Risk factors for anal sphincter tears: the importance of maternal position at birth.
35  astragalin
(7 times)
Biology
(2 times)
LDH (2 times)
APS (1 time)
ASEA (1 time)
2010 [Spectroscopic investigation on the interaction between astragalin from lotus leaf and DNA].
36  accelerated stress test
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ECSA (2 times)
ORR (2 times)
PEMFCs (2 times)
2011 Durable electrocatalytic-activity of Pt-Au/C cathode in PEMFCs.
37  allergy skin testing
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
CRA (3 times)
ARs (1 time)
BAL (1 time)
1989 Characterization and partial purification of the cockroach antigen in relation to housedust and housedust mite (D.f.) antigens.
38  analysis showed that aspartate transaminase
(6 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
ALT (2 times)
HCV (2 times)
A1AT (1 time)
2010 Nutritional, biochemical and cytogenotoxicity studies on wasted fat released from chicken during grilling process.
39  aspartate oxoglutarate aminotransferase
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
LDH (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
ALT (1 time)
1983 Sources of normal variation of plasma l-aspartate:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase in Hereford range cattle.
40  Association of Surgical Technologists
(6 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
AORN (1 time)
1989 AST (Association of Surgical Technologists): past, present, future. You've come a long way, but where are you going?
41  attention-switching task
(6 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(2 times)
CANTAB (3 times)
PRM (3 times)
BDNF (2 times)
2016 Behavioral effects of transcranial pulsed current stimulation (tPCS): Speed-accuracy tradeoff in attention switching task.
42  adjuvant systemic treatment
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
AUC (2 times)
NPI (2 times)
CT (1 time)
1988 Adjuvant systemic treatment and the pattern of recurrences in patients with breast cancer.
43  Affective Simon Task
(5 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(3 times)
AAT (1 time)
IAT (1 time)
IST (1 time)
2003 Estimating the valence of single stimuli: a new variant of the Affective Simon Task.
44  alternative step test
(5 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
SMT (2 times)
STS (2 times)
TUG (2 times)
2008 The comparative ability of eight functional mobility tests for predicting falls in community-dwelling older people.
45  associative striatum
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
SMST (5 times)
DA (3 times)
LST (3 times)
2007 The effect of nicotine on striatal dopamine release in man: A [11C]raclopride PET study.
46  astressin
(5 times)
Brain
(2 times)
CRF (3 times)
CRH (2 times)
i.c.v (2 times)
2008 Mouse strain differences in the effects of corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) on sleep and wakefulness.
47  activated sludge treatment
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
MBR (2 times)
WWTPs (2 times)
APEOs (1 time)
2006 Biodegradation of persistent polar pollutants in wastewater: comparison of an optimised lab-scale membrane bioreactor and activated sludge treatment.
48  aminotransferase levels
(4 times)
Infant, Newborn, Diseases
(1 time)
Cp (1 time)
HELLP (1 time)
NASH (1 time)
2008 Clinical trial: insulin-sensitizing agents may reduce consequences of insulin resistance in individuals with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis.
49  Angiostatin
(4 times)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(2 times)
CAM (2 times)
ATP (1 time)
HUVE (1 time)
2001 Metabolism of rabbit angiostatin glycoforms I and II in rabbits: angiostatin-I leaves the intravascular space faster and appears to have greater anti-angiogenic activity than angiostatin-II.
50  antigen spot test
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
ELISA (2 times)
BCV (1 time)
DBM (1 time)
1982 The antigen spot test (AST): a highly sensitive assay for the detection of antibodies.
51  antishock trousers
(4 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
FEV1 (1 time)
MC (1 time)
MRP (1 time)
1982 Blood volume displacement with inflation of antishock trousers.
52  apraxia screen of TULIA
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ADL (1 time)
ADLs (1 time)
EDSS (1 time)
2011 A new bedside test of gestures in stroke: the apraxia screen of TULIA (AST).
53  arginine succinyltransferase
(4 times)
Bacteriology
(4 times)
aot (1 time)
aru (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
1997 Cloning and characterization of the aru genes encoding enzymes of the catabolic arginine succinyltransferase pathway in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
54  artesunate
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
ACD (1 time)
beta-CD (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2012 Artesunate-loaded chitosan/lecithin nanoparticles: preparation, characterization, and in vivo studies.
55  automated screening tool
(4 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
S-ICD (3 times)
CI (1 time)
HCM (1 time)
2018 Subcutaneous implantable cardioverter defibrillator eligibility according to a novel automated screening tool and agreement with the standard manual electrocardiographic morphology tool.
56  accelerated stability test
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
LS (1 time)
ORR (1 time)
Pt (1 time)
2012 SiO₂-RuO₂: a stable electrocatalyst support.
57  acoustic stimulation test
(3 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(2 times)
NST (3 times)
OCT (2 times)
BPP (1 time)
1991 An evaluation of antenatal fetal acoustic stimulation.
58  active standing test
(3 times)
Health Services for the Aged
(1 time)
HUT (2 times)
ABPM (1 time)
CGA (1 time)
2013 Comparison of active standing test, head-up tilt test and 24-h ambulatory heart rate and blood pressure monitoring in diagnosing postural tachycardia.
59  active surveillance testing
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
MRSA (3 times)
DS (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
2010 Active surveillance testing and decontamination strategies in intensive care units to reduce methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections.
60  active-site tether
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
C-tail (2 times)
GRKs (2 times)
NLT (2 times)
2007 The hallmark of AGC kinase functional divergence is its C-terminal tail, a cis-acting regulatory module.
61  Alcohol Sniff Test
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
AQ (1 time)
ASC (1 time)
1997 Rapid clinical evaluation of anosmia. The alcohol sniff test.
62  aminotransferase activity
(3 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
ALA (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
anti-HCV (1 time)
1990 Antibody to hepatitis C virus in multiply transfused patients with thalassaemia major.
63  angiotensin sensitivity test
(3 times)
Gynecology
(3 times)
AII (2 times)
APD (1 time)
BPS (1 time)
1982 The value of the angiotensin sensitivity test in the early diagnosis of hypertensive disorders in pregnancy.
64  angle-specific torque
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
PT (2 times)
APT (1 time)
conKEs (1 time)
1991 Effects of lower limb unloading on skeletal muscle mass and function in humans.
65  anterior striatum
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
NAc (2 times)
5-HIAA (1 time)
Acb (1 time)
1995 Association between low contents of dopamine and serotonin in the nucleus accumbens and high alcohol preference.
66  anti-scarring treatment
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
CNS (2 times)
SCI (2 times)
BPY-DCA (1 time)
2011 Differential effect of aging on axon sprouting and regenerative growth in spinal cord injury.
67  antibiotic sensitivity testing
(3 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
MIC (2 times)
MLST (2 times)
MRSA (2 times)
2006 Rapid antibiotic sensitivity testing and trimethoprim-mediated filamentation of clinical isolates of the Enterobacteriaceae assayed on a novel porous culture support.
68  antibiotic suppressive therapy
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
PJI (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
GH (1 time)
2004 Cost-effectiveness of herpes simplex virus type 2 serologic testing and antiviral therapy in pregnancy.
69  antibody screening test
(3 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
AHG (1 time)
CCs (1 time)
DAT (1 time)
1995 [Immunohematologic study in 112 patients with myelodysplastic syndromes: 10-year analysis].
70  Anticoccidial Sensitivity Test
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
GI (1 time)
OAA (1 time)
2003 Resistance to anticoccidial drugs of Dutch avian Eimeria spp. field isolates originating from 1996, 1999 and 2001.
71  antisaccade task
(3 times)
Aging
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
PST (1 time)
RT (1 time)
2010 Cognitive correlates of anti-saccade task performance.
72  antisecretory therapy
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
SUP (2 times)
BD (1 time)
GERD (1 time)
2006 Magnitude and economic impact of inappropriate use of stress ulcer prophylaxis in non-ICU hospitalized patients.
73  Aphasia Screening Test
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
HI (1 time)
LD (1 time)
ND (1 time)
1990 A comparison of language deficits in learning-disabled, head-injured, and nondisabled young adults: results from an abbreviated Aphasia Screening Test.
74  Artemisia selengensis Turcz
(3 times)
Food
(2 times)
EAF (1 time)
nBuF (1 time)
TFC (1 time)
2010 Antioxidant activities of various extracts from Artemisisa selengensis Turcz (LuHao).
75  ascending sensory tract
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
SCI (2 times)
CST (1 time)
HCP (1 time)
2004 Minocycline treatment reduces delayed oligodendrocyte death, attenuates axonal dieback, and improves functional outcome after spinal cord injury.
76  aspartate aminotransferase:alanine aminotransferase
(3 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
GGT (2 times)
MCV (2 times)
AUC (1 time)
2010 Relationship between alcohol drinking and aspartate aminotransferase:alanine aminotransferase (AST:ALT) ratio, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), and apolipoprotein A1 and B in the U.S. population.
77  Aspergillus skin test
(3 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
ABPA (3 times)
AH (2 times)
ACT (1 time)
2010 Aspergillus hypersensitivity and allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis in patients with acute severe asthma in a respiratory intensive care unit in North India.
78  AST-120
(3 times)
Nephrology
(3 times)
LPL (2 times)
CRF (1 time)
FFA (1 time)
1999 Mechanism of oral absorbent AST-120 in lipid abnormalities in experimental uremic rats.
79  Asymmetric Sampling in Time
(3 times)
Brain
(2 times)
LH (1 time)
MEG (1 time)
REA (1 time)
2010 Hemispheric asymmetries depend on the phonetic feature: a dichotic study of place of articulation and voicing in French stops.
80  Athletic Skills Track
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
KTK (2 times)
LMS (1 time)
MQ (1 time)
2016 Validity of an Athletic Skills Track among 6- to 12-year-old children.
81  abdominal skinfold thickness
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
SST (2 times)
TST (2 times)
2015 [Differences in anthropometric measurements between Mongolia boys and Han boys in China].
82  ABLF group decreased significantly
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ABLF (1 time)
HbA1c (1 time)
NLF (1 time)
2012 Improvement of abnormal liver enzymes after rosiglitazone treatment in Chinese type 2 diabetes.
83  accessory sex tissue
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
AR (2 times)
TP (2 times)
BaP (1 time)
2005 A comparison of in vitro and in vivo EDSTAC test battery results for detecting antiandrogenic activity.
84  ACTH stimulation test
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
AVS (1 time)
CCT (1 time)
CT (1 time)
1996 A comparison between short ACTH and insulin stress tests for assessing hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal function.
85  activities of glutamate-oxalacetate transaminase
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
dextran-magnetic fluid (1 time)
1982 [The effect of a diet enriched with vitamin E on selected hematological and biochemical indicators in chickens].
86  acupoint sticking therapy
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
EA (1 time)
2010 [Clinical study on electroacupuncture combined with acupoint sticking therapy for treatment of chronic ulcerative colitis].
87  acute spine trauma
(2 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
--- 2018 A scoping review on health economics in neurosurgery for acute spine trauma.
88  addition and subtraction theory
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
DCHD (1 time)
TCM (1 time)
XCHD (1 time)
2014 Systems pharmacology-based approach for dissecting the addition and subtraction theory of traditional Chinese medicine: An example using Xiao-Chaihu-Decoction and Da-Chaihu-Decoction.
89  adductor squeeze test
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
DLT (1 time)
2014 Normative adductor squeeze test values in elite junior rugby union players.
90  Adeli suit treatment
(2 times)
Physical Therapy Modalities
(1 time)
CP (2 times)
GMFCS (1 time)
GMFM (1 time)
2006 Comparison of efficacy of Adeli suit and neurodevelopmental treatments in children with cerebral palsy.
91  administration enhanced alanine aminotransferase
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
CAT (2 times)
SOD (2 times)
BW (1 time)
2016 Protective effect of diallylsulphide against mercuric chloride-induced hepatic injury in rats.
92  advanced sludge treatment
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CST (1 time)
EPS (1 time)
WAS (1 time)
2003 Alkaline thermal sludge hydrolysis.
93  advanced solid tumours
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
rIL-2 (1 time)
STS (1 time)
1999 Combination interleukin-2 and doxorubicin in advanced adult solid tumors: circumvention of doxorubicin resistance in soft-tissue sarcoma?
94  Aguado Syntax Test
(2 times)
Hearing Disorders
(1 time)
--- 2017 Translation and cultural adaptation of the Aguado Syntax Test (AST) into Brazilian Portuguese.
95  albumin, total protein, aspartate aminotransferase
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
ALT (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
LapDS (1 time)
2004 Nutritional markers following duodenal switch for morbid obesity.
96  alkaline phosphatase
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ALT (1 time)
ANIT (1 time)
BA (1 time)
2011 The effect of chronic food restriction on immunopositive ACTH cells in peripubertal female rats.
97  alumina/silica/titania
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
HTT (2 times)
SA (2 times)
ST (2 times)
2004 Influence of morphology and composition of fumed oxides on changes in their structural and adsorptive characteristics on hydrothermal treatment in steam phase at different temperatures.
98  American Staffordshire Terrier
(2 times)
Science
(1 time)
ARSG (1 time)
NCLs (1 time)
2003 Morphology of the extra-ocular muscles (musculi bulbi) of the American Staffordshire Terrier during the perinatal period.
99  amino transfer enzymes
(2 times)
Critical Care
(1 time)
BUN (1 time)
CK (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
2012 [Effect of ulinastatin in traumatic brain injury with multiple injuries].
100  aminotransferase transaminase
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
CG (1 time)
GSH-Px (1 time)
HT (1 time)
2015 Exercise training and calorie restriction influence the metabolic parameters in ovariectomized female rats.