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Abbreviation: ATD
Appearance Frequency: 1362 time(s)
Long forms: 159

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
antithyroid drug
(252 times)
Endocrinology
(149 times)
GD (81 times)
MMI (36 times)
TRAb (29 times)
1977 Short and long term effects of radioiodine and antithyroid drugs on T4 binding proteins, free T4 and T3, during Graves' disease therapy.
acute tryptophan depletion
(182 times)
Psychopharmacology
(68 times)
Trp (19 times)
BAL (15 times)
fMRI (12 times)
1997 The effect of tryptophan depletion on mood in medication-free, former patients with major affective disorder.
Alzheimer-type dementia
(131 times)
Neurology
(81 times)
ChAT (7 times)
CSF (6 times)
DLBD (6 times)
1983 Neuropeptides in Alzheimer type dementia.
autoimmune thyroid disease
(111 times)
Endocrinology
(37 times)
CD (14 times)
RA (9 times)
GD (7 times)
1981 Presence of the organ-specific 'microsomal' autoantigen on the surface of human thyroid cells in culture: its involvement in complement-mediated cytotoxicity.
anthropomorphic test device
(97 times)
Traumatology
(58 times)
PMHS (16 times)
HIC (9 times)
FE (8 times)
1985 Alterations in head dynamics with the addition of a hockey helmet and face shield under inertial loading.
1,4,6-androstatriene-3,17-dione
(86 times)
Endocrinology
(34 times)
DHT (8 times)
TP (5 times)
EB (3 times)
1979 Antifertility effects of an aromatase inhibitor, 1,4,6-androstatriene-3, 17-dione.
amino-terminal domain
(49 times)
Biochemistry
(11 times)
NMDA (15 times)
LBD (6 times)
iGluRs (4 times)
1996 Homology modeling of metabotropic glutamate receptors. (mGluRs) structural motifs affecting binding modes and pharmacological profile of mGluR1 agonists and competitive antagonists.
antitubercular drugs
(44 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(9 times)
TB (12 times)
HLA (3 times)
MDR-TB (3 times)
2000 PREVALENCE OF DRUG RESISTANT TUBERCULOSIS IN ARMED FORCES-STUDY FROM A TERTIARY REFERRAL CHEST DISEASES HOSPITAL AT PUNE.
antitrypsin deficiency
(30 times)
Psychiatry
(9 times)
ATZ (10 times)
ER (4 times)
AT (2 times)
1979 [Alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency, liver cirrhosis and pulmonary emphysema (author's transl)].
10  articulotrochanteric distance
(24 times)
Orthopedics
(20 times)
NSA (7 times)
SCFE (6 times)
CTD (4 times)
1989 Relative trochanteric overgrowth after ischemic necrosis in congenital dislocation of the hip.
11  Amplatz thrombectomy device
(23 times)
Radiology
(21 times)
IVC (2 times)
TIPS (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
1994 Hemolytic effect of the Amplatz thrombectomy device.
12  aqueous tear deficiency
(21 times)
Ophthalmology
(20 times)
MGD (9 times)
SS (5 times)
BUT (2 times)
1986 The autoimmune nature of aqueous tear deficiency.
13  automatic thermal desorption
(21 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
VOCs (6 times)
GC (4 times)
GC-MS (3 times)
1997 A novel device for capturing breath samples for solvent analysis.
14  asphyxiating thoracic dystrophy
(19 times)
Genetics, Medical
(8 times)
EvC (3 times)
SRPS (3 times)
IFT (2 times)
1983 Thoracic-pelvic dysostosis: a 'new' autosomal dominant form.
15  Arizona Test Dust
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
RH (4 times)
AMD (1 time)
CCN (1 time)
2001 Experimental methodologies and preliminary transfer factor data for estimation of dermal exposures to particles.
16  arrival time distribution
(12 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(11 times)
CCS (3 times)
IM-MS (3 times)
CID (2 times)
2005 The structure of gas-phase bradykinin fragment 1-5 (RPPGF) ions: an ion mobility spectrometry and H/D exchange ion-molecule reaction chemistry study.
17  ascending tract of Deiters
(12 times)
Brain
(4 times)
MLF (6 times)
BC (2 times)
HRP (2 times)
1981 Arborization of axons in oculomotor nucleus identified by vestibular stimulation and intra-axonal injection of horseradish peroxidase.
18  assistive technology device
(9 times)
Rehabilitation
(7 times)
AS (1 time)
ATDC (1 time)
ATDs (1 time)
2005 Toward a taxonomy of assistive technology device outcomes.
19  androsta-1,4,6-triene-3,17-dione
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
20 alpha-OH-P (1 time)
AAS (1 time)
DHT (1 time)
1975 Blockade of testosterone-induced mounting behavior in the male rat with intracranial application of the aromatization inhibitor, androst-1,4,6,-triene-3,17-dione.
20  antidepressant
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
SSRIs (2 times)
TCAs (2 times)
CI (1 time)
1995 [Delay in the effect of antidepressive agents: pharmacologic approach].
21  antithyroid drug therapy
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(3 times)
TRAb (2 times)
AFTN (1 time)
AGP (1 time)
1994 Meta-analysis evaluation of the impact of thyrotropin receptor antibodies on long term remission after medical therapy of Graves' disease.
22  abdominal transverse diameter
(6 times)
Gynecology
(4 times)
BPD (5 times)
FL (2 times)
AAP (1 time)
1982 Estimation of fetal weight by ultrasound measurement. I. Development of a new formula.
23  androstatrienedione
(6 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(2 times)
AA (3 times)
POA (3 times)
EDCs (2 times)
1990 Androgen and estrogen action in the preoptic area and activation of copulatory behavior in quail.
24  arterial-tissue delay
(6 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
CBF (4 times)
sSVD (3 times)
DSC (2 times)
2004 Removing the effect of SVD algorithmic artifacts present in quantitative MR perfusion studies.
25  autoimmune thyroiditis
(6 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
OR (3 times)
CD (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2009 Autoimmune thyroid disease and autoimmune rheumatic disorders: a two-sided analysis.
26  atherothrombotic disease
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CHD (2 times)
CeVD (1 time)
LCA (1 time)
2004 Prediction of the population at risk for atherothrombotic disease.
27  alternating treatments design
(4 times)
Speech-Language Pathology
(2 times)
RATD (1 time)
1986 Wh interrogative production in agrammatic aphasia: an experimental analysis of auditory-visual stimulation and direct-production treatment.
28  antithyroid drug treatment
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
GD (2 times)
LoD (1 time)
TBII (1 time)
1999 Long-term follow-Up of an infant with thyrotoxicosis due to germline mutation of the TSH receptor gene (Met453Thr).
29  autoimmune thyroid disorders
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
IDDM (1 time)
Ig (1 time)
1986 Rheumatoid arthritis: inheritance and association with other autoimmune diseases.
30  accelerated titration dose design
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CRM (1 time)
CRM-L (1 time)
mCRM (1 time)
2008 Optimal phase I dose-escalation trial designs in oncology--a simulation study.
31  anisotropic thermal diffusion
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
--- 2005 Intramolecular signaling pathways revealed by modeling anisotropic thermal diffusion.
32  anterior tibial displacement
(3 times)
Athletic Injuries
(1 time)
ACL (2 times)
CKC (1 time)
OKC (1 time)
1995 The effects of thigh soft-tissue stiffness on the control of anterior tibial displacement by functional knee orthoses.
33  antidepressant drugs
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
BRS (1 time)
1998 The effect of clinical outcome on platelet G proteins of major depressed patients.
34  antiplatelet therapy discontinuation
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
CI (2 times)
DES (2 times)
DAT (1 time)
2010 Background, incidence, and predictors of antiplatelet therapy discontinuation during the first year after drug-eluting stent implantation.
35  asphyxiating thoracic dysplasia
(3 times)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
PhCSEH (1 time)
SMS (1 time)
1979 Phalangeal cone shaped epiphysis of the hands (PhCSEH) and chronic renal disease--the conorenal syndromes.
36  atherogenic diet
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ABCA1 (1 time)
AO (1 time)
DLP (1 time)
1990 [The effect of a 3-hydroxypyridine-class antioxidant on disorders of the microcirculatory system in experimental dyslipoproteinemia and its alimentary correction].
37  4-androsten-4-ol-3,17-dione acetate
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 2002 In vitro uptake and metabolism of testosterone by goldfish, Carassius auratus, mesenteric adipose tissue.
38  acetabular tear-drop distance
(2 times)
Wounds and Injuries
(1 time)
CDA (2 times)
FNW (2 times)
FAL (1 time)
2012 Radiographic anatomy of the proximal femur: correlation with the occurrence of fractures.
39  activity tracking device
(2 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(1 time)
eZLS (1 time)
IQR (1 time)
PPAQ (1 time)
2011 Miniaturized sensors to monitor simulated lunar locomotion.
40  acute tubular damage
(2 times)
Transplantation
(1 time)
DGF (1 time)
EGF (1 time)
IRI (1 time)
2011 T helper 1, 2 and 17 cell subsets in renal transplant patients with delayed graft function.
41  adherent target detachment
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
chq (1 time)
CTLs (1 time)
DCs (1 time)
2004 Screening of high cytotoxic tumor killer cells using a sensitive adherent target detachment assay.
42  adiabatic-to-diabatic
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
DAC (1 time)
MSDFT (1 time)
TDDFT (1 time)
2015 The requisite electronic structure theory to describe photoexcited nonadiabatic dynamics: nonadiabatic derivative couplings and diabatic electronic couplings.
43  alpha-track detector
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
EPA (1 time)
NRRS (1 time)
1991 A performance evaluation study of three types of alpha-track detector radon monitors.
44  alternative-to-discipline
(2 times)
Nursing
(2 times)
SUDs (1 time)
2013 The prevalence of employed nurses identified or enrolled in substance use monitoring programs.
45  Alzheimer-type senile dementia
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
alpha 1M (1 time)
GFAP (1 time)
MnSOD (1 time)
1995 Changes in the ratio of urinary alpha 1-microglobulin to ulinastatin levels in patients with Alzheimer-type dementia and vascular dementia.
46  aminothiadiazole
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
IPA (1 time)
PPA (1 time)
1991 Phase II study of aminothiadiazole in advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus.
47  Anti-TB drug
(2 times)
Liver
(1 time)
ALF (1 time)
DIALF (1 time)
DILI (1 time)
2008 Pharmacogenomics of anti-TB drugs-related hepatotoxicity.
48  antithrombin deficiency
(2 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
TE (1 time)
2014 Clinical and laboratory characteristics of paediatric and adolescent index cases with venous thromboembolism and antithrombin deficiency. An observational multicentre cohort study.
49  antithrombotic drugs
(2 times)
Gastrointestinal Agents
(1 time)
ASA (1 time)
DH (1 time)
IS (1 time)
2016 Increase in colonic diverticular hemorrhage and confounding factors.
50  antithyroid agents
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
ES (1 time)
GO (1 time)
GREAT (1 time)
1992 A retrospective study on the treatment and evolution of Graves' ophthalmopathy.
51  apparent total digestibility
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
AIA (2 times)
WSD (1 time)
2015 Implication of milling methods, thermal treatment, and particle size of feed in layers on mineral digestibility and retention of minerals in egg contents.
52  aspirin triad disease
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
--- 1999 Antileukotriene therapy for the relief of sinus symptoms in aspirin triad disease.
53  asymptotic time-domain
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CCTD (1 time)
DTD (1 time)
2016 Optimal estimator for tomographic fluorescence lifetime multiplexing.
54  atypical depression
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
SERT (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
DAT (1 time)
2006 Midbrain binding of [123I]nor-beta-CIT in atypical depression.
55  autotransporter domain
(2 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
Ots (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2018 Detection and distribution of Sca autotransporter protein antigens in diverse isolates of Orientia tsutsugamushi.
56  average taxonomic distance
(2 times)
Anthropology
(2 times)
CV (1 time)
ISD (1 time)
2000 Elliptical fourier analysis of symphyseal shape in great ape mandibles.
57  1H-anthra-(1,2d)-(1,2,3)triazole-6,11-dione
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
aCSF (1 time)
DAQ (1 time)
L-NAME (1 time)
2002 Nitric oxide modulates low-Mg2+-induced epileptiform activity in rat hippocampal-entorhinal cortex slices.
58  2-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazole
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
GCE (1 time)
Hcy (1 time)
2010 Selective determination of homocysteine at physiological pH using nanostructured film of aminothiadiazole modified electrode.
59  4-androstein-4-ol-3,17-dione
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
NMDA (1 time)
PNS (1 time)
SDN-POA (1 time)
2001 Prenatal exposure of testosterone prevents SDN-POA neurons of postnatal male rats from apoptosis through NMDA receptor.
60  AA-load lacking in TRP
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
BAL (1 time)
Met (1 time)
NPY (1 time)
2018 Effects of Dietary Acute Tryptophan Depletion (ATD) on NPY Serum Levels in Healthy Adult Humans Whilst Controlling for Methionine Supply-A Pilot Study.
61  abdominal diameter
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
FOD (1 time)
1997 [Accuracy of ultrasound weight assessment--comparison of vertex vs. breech presentation].
62  above-threshold dissociation
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2008 Enhancing high-order above-threshold dissociation of H2+ beams with few-cycle laser pulses.
63  absolute target displacement
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
GDC (1 time)
RTD (1 time)
2006 Determination of gate-on and -off timing in respiration-gated radiotherapy.
64  Acceptable Tolerated Dose
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1984 Toxicity of WR-2721 administered in single and multiple doses.
65  accumulated thermal dose
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
MR (1 time)
2018 Predicting lesion size by accumulated thermal dose in MR-guided focused ultrasound for essential tremor.
66  acetyltransferase domain
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AcCoA (1 time)
UDP-diNAcBac (1 time)
2013 Biochemical analysis and structure determination of bacterial acetyltransferases responsible for the biosynthesis of UDP-N,N'-diacetylbacillosamine.
67  Achilles tendon diameter
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
FH (1 time)
SD (1 time)
TC (1 time)
1998 [Achilles tendon size by high resolution sonography in healthy population. Relationship with lipid levels].
68  Achilles tendon disease
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
LTR (1 time)
2002 Achilles tendon disease in lung transplant recipients: association with ciprofloxacin.
69  acid-thermal dextrin
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CIN (1 time)
HPAEC (1 time)
HPSEC (1 time)
2013 Acid-thermal dextrin prepared from rice starch: structure and encapsulation properties.
70  acquired thoracic dystrophy
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
PE (1 time)
2014 Operative management of acquired thoracic dystrophy in adults after open pectus excavatumrepair.
71  ACTIDOS
(1 time)
Occupational Health
(1 time)
--- 1995 Work hardening for sub-acute back injured workers: a new approach.
72  Actinidin
(1 time)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
CyD (1 time)
2015 Effect of gamma-cyclodextrin as a lyoprotectant for freeze-dried actinidin.
73  action potential transmission delay
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
MNTB (1 time)
2009 Spike transmission delay at the calyx of Held in vivo: rate dependence, phenomenological modeling, and relevance for sound localization.
74  active transport dacryocystography
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
LDS (1 time)
2004 The evaluation of the effects of lateral osteotomies on the lacrimal drainage system after rhinoplasty using active transport dacryocystography.
75  acute dietary tryptophan depletion
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2013 Influence of acute tryptophan depletion on verbal declarative episodic memory in young adult females.
76  acute L-tryptophan deficient
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
1-PP (1 time)
PD (1 time)
PK (1 time)
1997 Pharmacokinetics and CNS pharmacodynamics of the 5-HT1A agonist buspirone in humans following acute L-tryptophan depletion challenge.
77  acute plasma TRP depletion
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
5-HIAA (1 time)
TRP (1 time)
1999 Effects of acute tryptophan depletion on plasma and cerebrospinal fluid tryptophan and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid in normal volunteers.
78  acute Trp depletion
(1 time)
Tryptophan
(1 time)
ATL (1 time)
KP (1 time)
TDO (1 time)
2016 Assessment of the Human Kynurenine Pathway: Comparisons and Clinical Implications of Ethnic and Gender Differences in Plasma Tryptophan, Kynurenine Metabolites, and Enzyme Expressions at Baseline and After Acute Tryptophan Loading and Depletion.
79  acute tubular damage/cyclosporine toxicity
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
1997 Renal expression and urinary concentration of EGF and IL-6 in acutely dysfunctioning kidney transplanted patients.
80  adaptive threshold decision
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
CSI (1 time)
OWC (1 time)
2017 Adaptive threshold decision for on-off keying transmission systems in atmospheric turbulence.
81  adenomas with severe dysplasia
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1991 [Techniques of endoscopic treatment of malignant colorectal adenomas with respect to the subsequent prognosis of the patients].
82  adhesion testing device
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
LDPE (1 time)
2008 Effects of flame treatment on the interfacial energy of polyethylene assessed by contact mechanics.
83  adipose tissue distribution
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
1999 Seven-year stability of indicators of obesity and adipose tissue distribution in the Canadian population.
84  adipose tissue dysfunction
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ASCVD (1 time)
CD (1 time)
VAI (1 time)
2018 Pasireotide treatment reduces cardiometabolic risk in Cushing's disease patients: an Italian, multicenter study.
85  adipose tissue-derived
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
dMSCs (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
2018 Reversible secretome and signaling defects in diabetic mesenchymal stem cells from peripheral arterial disease patients.
86  Adriamycin, Thalidomide, and Dexamethasone
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Bortezomib, Thalidomide, and Dexamethasone (VTD) Induction Results in Better Overall Survival than Adriamycin, Thalidomide, and Dexamethasone (ATD) Induction in Previously Untreated Myeloma Patients Eligible for Transplants.
87  adsorption/thermal desorption
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 1984 Trace organic compounds in rain. 1. Sampler design and analysis by adsorption/thermal desorption (ATD).
88  Adults with treated diabetes
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2019 Prevalence of diabetes, use of antidiabetic drugs and degree of glycaemic control in the province of Cadiz (2014-2016): A population-based study.
89  Advanced Transdermal Delivery
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
--- 2005 Pharmaceutical development and clinical effectiveness of a novel gel technology for transdermal drug delivery.
90  Alimentary tract duplications
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
MIS (1 time)
2012 Outcome of alimentary tract duplications operated on by minimally invasive surgery: a retrospective multicenter study by the GECI (Groupe d'Etude en Coeliochirurgie Infantile).
91  alkaline thermionization detection
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
ECD (1 time)
FID (1 time)
1987 Gas chromatographic properties of the M series of universal retention index standards and their application to pesticide analysis.
92  All subjects were grouped as follows: group A
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BUT (1 time)
FD-OCT (1 time)
LTD (1 time)
2012 The diagnostic significance of Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography in Sjogren syndrome, aqueous tear deficiency and lipid tear deficiency patients.
93  all type dementia
(1 time)
Diabetes Mellitus
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
CIs (1 time)
RR (1 time)
2013 Diabetes mellitus and risk of dementia: A meta-analysis of prospective observational studies.
94  All-Traffic Density
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AADT (1 time)
BC (1 time)
CAADT (1 time)
2017 Evaluation of Traffic Density Parameters as an Indicator of Vehicle Emission-Related Near-Road Air Pollution: A Case Study with NEXUS Measurement Data on Black Carbon.
95  allergenic threshold dose
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CPT (1 time)
1990 Topical levocabastine protects better than sodium cromoglycate and placebo in conjunctival provocation tests.
96  alpha waves in time domain
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
EEG (1 time)
EP (1 time)
FFT (1 time)
2012 Alpha frequency estimation in patients with epilepsy.
97  Alternative Transcript Diversity
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
ASD (1 time)
ASTD (1 time)
2009 ASTD: The Alternative Splicing and Transcript Diversity database.
98  amantadine
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CORT (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2015 Chemically Bonding of Amantadine with Gardenamide A Enhances the Neuroprotective Effects against Corticosterone-Induced Insults in PC12 Cells.
99  amantadine hydrochloride
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
EtOH (1 time)
LADH (1 time)
1978 Antagonism of ethanol-evoked responses by amantadine: a possible clinical application.
100  ambient traffic density
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
BCP (1 time)
2017 Bicycle-vehicle interactions at mid-sections of mixed traffic streets: Examining passing distance and bicycle comfort perception.