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Abbreviation: ATR
Appearance Frequency: 2313 time(s)
Long forms: 191

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
attenuated total reflection
(818 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(250 times)
FTIR (277 times)
IR (58 times)
PLS (47 times)
1969 Infrared attenuated total reflectance (ATR) method for observing the water-mediated surface phase reversion of methylprednisolone II to I during dissolution.
ataxia telangiectasia and Rad3-related
(266 times)
Neoplasms
(67 times)
ATM (79 times)
Chk1 (29 times)
DDR (27 times)
1998 Duplication of ATR inhibits MyoD, induces aneuploidy and eliminates radiation-induced G1 arrest.
atrazine
(142 times)
Toxicology
(77 times)
CPF (18 times)
PND (10 times)
DACT (9 times)
1994 Factors affecting mammary tumor incidence in chlorotriazine-treated female rats: hormonal properties, dosage, and animal strain.
ATM- and Rad3-related
(133 times)
Biochemistry
(33 times)
ATM (108 times)
DDR (21 times)
DSBs (17 times)
1999 Inhibition of ATM and ATR kinase activities by the radiosensitizing agent, caffeine.
acid tolerance response
(117 times)
Microbiology
(67 times)
AR (4 times)
ASPs (4 times)
ASR (3 times)
1991 Inducible pH homeostasis and the acid tolerance response of Salmonella typhimurium.
against-the-rule
(90 times)
Ophthalmology
(71 times)
WTR (69 times)
IOL (16 times)
SE (6 times)
1989 Prevalence and variation of astigmatism in a military population.
atropine
(77 times)
Pharmacology
(25 times)
ACh (22 times)
TTX (6 times)
HR (5 times)
1971 Effect of iontophoretic application of cholinergic agonists and their antagonists to guinea-pig pelvic ganglia.
Achilles tendon rupture
(62 times)
Sports Medicine
(19 times)
ATRS (7 times)
CI (3 times)
PAS (3 times)
1974 Segmental reflex pathways in spinal shock and spinal spasticity in man.
anterior thalamic radiation
(50 times)
Neurology
(14 times)
FA (28 times)
DTI (20 times)
SLF (13 times)
2009 White matter abnormalities in bipolar disorder and schizophrenia detected using diffusion tensor magnetic resonance imaging.
10  atractyloside
(39 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
CsA (8 times)
mPTP (8 times)
ANT (6 times)
1983 Synthesis and properties of fluorescent derivatives of atractyloside as potential probes of the mitochondrial ADP/ATP carrier protein.
11  angle of trunk rotation
(33 times)
Orthopedics
(14 times)
AIS (8 times)
AVR (2 times)
FBP (2 times)
1993 Outcome of spinal screening.
12  Australian Twin Registry
(23 times)
Genetics, Medical
(6 times)
GEM (6 times)
MZ (6 times)
DZ (4 times)
1998 A methodological appraisal of the impact of different classification procedures used in three different phases of the australian rheumatoid arthritis twin survey.
13  automatic target recognition
(23 times)
Medical Informatics
(9 times)
SAR (6 times)
MSTAR (4 times)
EOCs (2 times)
1990 Survey of neural network technology for automatic target recognition.
14  all-trans-retinal
(21 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
CNG (3 times)
11CR (2 times)
ChR2 (2 times)
1995 Influence of membrane components on the stability and drug release properties of reverse phase evaporation vesicles (REVs): light sensitive all-trans retinal, negatively charged phospholipid dicetylphosphate and cholesterol.
15  attenuated total internal reflection
(21 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
FTIR (8 times)
HA (3 times)
BSA (2 times)
1994 Surface-plasmon sensor for absorption-sensitivity enhancement.
16  ATM-Rad3-related
(17 times)
Molecular Biology
(7 times)
ATM (17 times)
DSBs (3 times)
DNA-PK (2 times)
2003 Inhibition of cisplatin-induced ATR activity and enhanced sensitivity to cisplatin.
17  atorvastatin
(16 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
HMG-CoA (2 times)
ISG (2 times)
PIO (2 times)
2005 Effect of efavirenz on the pharmacokinetics of simvastatin, atorvastatin, and pravastatin: results of AIDS Clinical Trials Group 5108 Study.
18  ATM and Rad3-related kinase
(15 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
ATM (12 times)
DDR (3 times)
DNA-PK (3 times)
2002 Regulation of BRCA1 phosphorylation by interaction with protein phosphatase 1alpha.
19  angiotensin II receptor
(13 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
ACE (3 times)
BP (2 times)
LV (2 times)
1999 Persistent effects of doxorubicin on cardiac gene expression.
20  acute transfusion reaction
(12 times)
Hematology
(7 times)
AE (2 times)
PCT (2 times)
PLT (2 times)
2004 Reduction of febrile but not allergic reactions to RBCs and platelets after conversion to universal prestorage leukoreduction.
21  anthrax toxin receptor
(11 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
PA (9 times)
LF (4 times)
CMG2 (2 times)
2001 Identification of the cellular receptor for anthrax toxin.
22  Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma
(9 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
GR (3 times)
KXS (3 times)
NGF (3 times)
2015 Optimizing the compatibility of paired-herb in an ancient Chinese herbal decoction Kai-Xin-San in activating neurofilament expression in cultured PC12 cells.
23  adenosyltransferase
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
MCM (5 times)
MMA (5 times)
AdoCbl (3 times)
2003 Identification of the human and bovine ATP:Cob(I)alamin adenosyltransferase cDNAs based on complementation of a bacterial mutant.
24  Alaska Trauma Registry
(9 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
AHT (1 time)
BAC (1 time)
CRH (1 time)
1995 Traumatic head and spinal cord injuries in Alaska (1991-1993).
25  angiotensin receptor
(9 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
ACE (2 times)
ADT (1 time)
Ang II (1 time)
1998 Myocardial angiotensin receptors in human hearts.
26  atracurium
(9 times)
Anesthesiology
(7 times)
VEC (4 times)
dTC (2 times)
POM (2 times)
1984 [Comparative study of atracurium and alcuronium for the intubation of older patients in halothane anesthesia].
27  atropine sulfate
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
2-PAM (1 time)
5-HTP (1 time)
AChEI (1 time)
1978 [Pharmacological actions of timepidium bromide on the motility of visceral smooth muscles and the secretion of digestive juice in experimental animals (author's transl)].
28  Antidepressant Treatment Response
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
MDD (5 times)
qEEG (3 times)
AUROC (1 time)
2009 Frontal EEG predictors of treatment outcome in major depressive disorder.
29  ATM- and Rad3-related protein
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ATM (5 times)
DNA-PK (2 times)
DMBA (1 time)
1998 Inhibition of phosphoinositide 3-kinase related kinases by the radiosensitizing agent wortmannin.
30  Ang II receptor
(6 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
Ang II (4 times)
AT2R (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
2000 Regulation of MAPK activity in response to dietary sodium in the rat adrenal gland.
31  atrial tachycardia remodeling
(6 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
AF (5 times)
AERP (2 times)
CaL (2 times)
2009 Differences in atrial fibrillation properties under vagal nerve stimulation versus atrial tachycardia remodeling.
32  ATRkd
(5 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
4-AN (1 time)
ATM (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
1998 Overexpression of a kinase-inactive ATR protein causes sensitivity to DNA-damaging agents and defects in cell cycle checkpoints.
33  after tourniquet release
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BTR (3 times)
MDA (3 times)
ASA (2 times)
2001 The effects of propofol or halothane on free radical production after tourniquet induced ischaemia-reperfusion injury during knee arthroplasty.
34  ambulance transfer rate
(4 times)
Disaster Medicine
(3 times)
PPR (4 times)
EDMEs (2 times)
EDs (1 time)
2011 Medical support for the 2009 World Police and Fire Games: a descriptive analysis of a large-scale participation event and its impact.
35  anterior temporal lobe resections
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
fMRI (1 time)
MTL (1 time)
MTLE (1 time)
2005 Functional MRI predicts memory performance after right mesiotemporal epilepsy surgery.
36  apical trunk rotation
(4 times)
Health Services Research
(2 times)
AIS (2 times)
CA (1 time)
DBC (1 time)
2002 The validity of clinical examination in adolescent spinal deformities.
37  ataxia- and rad-related
(4 times)
Biology
(2 times)
ATM (3 times)
AT (1 time)
CPT (1 time)
2000 Targeted disruption of the cell-cycle checkpoint gene ATR leads to early embryonic lethality in mice.
38  ATM-related
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ATM (4 times)
AKRs (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
2007 Benzo[a]pyrene-7,8-dihydrodiol promotes checkpoint activation and G2/M arrest in human bronchoalveolar carcinoma H358 cells.
39  ATM/RAD3-RELATED
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
ATM (4 times)
IR (1 time)
mdo1-1 (1 time)
2008 Cep164 is a mediator protein required for the maintenance of genomic stability through modulation of MDC1, RPA, and CHK1.
40  autologous tissue reconstruction
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
PMRT (2 times)
E/I (1 time)
IBR (1 time)
1967 Limb salvage in diabetics with "hopeless" ischemia. Use of autogenous tissuereconstruction (ATR).
41  1-antitrypsin-related sequence
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AACT (1 time)
AAT (1 time)
CBG (1 time)
1987 Alpha 1-antitrypsin-related gene (ATR) for prenatal diagnosis.
42  Access to Recovery
(3 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
PMPM (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2009 Evaluation of the Washington State Access to Recovery project: effects on Medicaid costs for working age disabled clients.
43  acquired tick resistance
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AUPRC (1 time)
AUROC (1 time)
CCLE (1 time)
2014 Partial pathogen protection by tick-bite sensitization and epitope recognition in peptide-immunized HLA DR3 transgenic mice.
44  alternating repetition time
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
bSSFP (2 times)
SNR (1 time)
TR (1 time)
2008 Fat-water separation with alternating repetition time balanced SSFP.
45  antisense thrombin receptor
(3 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
ASMC (2 times)
AAV (1 time)
AO/EB (1 time)
1999 [The inhibiting effect of antisense thrombin receptor gene on the proliferation of pig vascular smooth muscle cell].
46  Atorvastatin calcium
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
EZ (1 time)
MCR (1 time)
PEG 6000 (1 time)
2010 Microwave induced solubility enhancement of poorly water soluble atorvastatin calcium.
47  attenuated reflectance
(3 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
FTIR (2 times)
DSSCs (1 time)
PVP (1 time)
1995 The use of Fourier transform infrared spectrometry for monitoring the retention of polymers in the vitreous humour.
48  attenuated transmission reflectance
(3 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
FTIR (3 times)
DFT (2 times)
AAs (1 time)
2007 Vibrational analysis of amino acids and short peptides in hydrated media. I. L-glycine and L-leucine.
49  Atypical Response
(3 times)
Psychology
(2 times)
PTSD (2 times)
TSI (2 times)
NPP (1 time)
2005 Utility of the trauma symptom inventory's atypical response scale in detecting malingered post-traumatic stress disorder.
50  A. terreus AMB-resistant
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
AmB (2 times)
ATS (2 times)
ATSec (1 time)
2015 Galleria mellonella as a host model to study Aspergillus terreus virulence and amphotericin B resistance.
51  acetamidotetramethylrhodamine
(2 times)
Biophysics
(1 time)
RLC (1 time)
1995 Fluorescence polarization from isomers of tetramethylrhodamine at SH-1 in rabbit psoas muscle fibers.
52  adaptive tolerance response
(2 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
BBL (1 time)
2003 Induction of an adaptive tolerance response in the foodborne pathogen, Campylobacter jejuni.
53  agent-to-tissue ratio
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
SHI (1 time)
UCAs (1 time)
2007 Classification of contrast ultrasound images using autoregressive model coupled to Gaussian mixture model.
54  allocation of treatment responsibility
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
AEDs (1 time)
2014 An examination of the Allocation of Treatment Responsibility scale in adolescents with epilepsy.
55  AmB-resistant
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
AmB (2 times)
ATS (2 times)
17-AAG (1 time)
2013 In vitro and in vivo role of heat shock protein 90 in Amphotericin B resistance of Aspergillus terreus.
56  analysis, UV-vis, FT-IR
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
Nf (1 time)
OFETs (1 time)
VC (1 time)
2012 Synthesis, interface (Au/M2Pc2/p-Si), electrochemical and electrocatalytic properties of novel ball-type phthalocyanines.
57  angiotensin receptor type I
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
AGT (2 times)
M235T (2 times)
RAS (2 times)
1996 Angiotensin converting enzyme gene polymorphism: potential silencer motif and impact on progression in IgA nephropathy.
58  angle trunk rotation
(2 times)
Endocrine System Diseases
(1 time)
AIS (1 time)
PA (1 time)
PRE (1 time)
2016 Body posture in children with obesity - the relationship to physical activity (PA).
59  Antithrombin resistance
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
Ox (1 time)
RCA (1 time)
2017 In vitro exploration of latent prothrombin mutants conveying antithrombin resistance.
60  antitrypsin
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
NAGase (2 times)
BSA (1 time)
PP (1 time)
1993 Variations during lactation in total and differential leukocyte counts, N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase, antitrypsin and serum albumin in foremilk and residual milk from non-infected quarters in the bovine.
61  approximate tandem repeats
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
ETR (1 time)
2004 Exhaustive whole-genome tandem repeats search.
62  Arabidopsis thaliana Recognized
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
AFLP (1 time)
BAC (1 time)
RPP (1 time)
2003 A genetic interval and physical contig spanning the Peronospora parasitica (At) avirulence gene locus ATR1Nd.
63  Artelon Tissue Reinforcement
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2011 Augmented tendon Achilles repair using a tissue reinforcement scaffold: a biomechanical study.
64  AT-rich region
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
BPV-1 (1 time)
LCR (1 time)
1997 Reconstitution of a functional bovine papillomavirus type 1 origin of replication reveals a modular tripartite replicon with an essential AT-rich element.
65  Athletic training room
(2 times)
Physical Education and Training
(1 time)
ATs (1 time)
LR (1 time)
MRSA (1 time)
2011 MRSA as a health concern in athletic facilities.
66  ATM- and Rad-3-related protein kinase
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
NKG2D (1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
2004 Amino-terminal domain of ATRIP contributes to intranuclear relocation of the ATR-ATRIP complex following DNA damage.
67  ATM-related kinase
(2 times)
Oncogenes
(1 time)
ATM (1 time)
CPP (1 time)
DDR (1 time)
2004 Role of cell signalling involved in induction of apoptosis by benzo[a]pyrene and cyclopenta[c,d]pyrene in Hepa1c1c7 cells.
68  atom transfer radical
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ATRA (1 time)
ATRP (1 time)
2013 Reductive bromine atom-transfer reaction.
69  atractylenolide I
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
FOE (1 time)
GCC (1 time)
IL-1 (1 time)
2008 A randomized pilot study of atractylenolide I on gastric cancer cachexia patients.
70  atranorin
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
TAR (1 time)
TRAP (1 time)
2011 Redox properties and cytoprotective actions of atranorin, a lichen secondary metabolite.
71  atrazine-resistant
(2 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
--- 1989 Atrazine-resistant cauliflower obtained by somatic hybridization between Brassica oleracea and ATR-B. napus.
72  atrial tachycardia-induced remodeling
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
AP (1 time)
CPA (1 time)
2001 Remodeling of atrial dimensions and emptying function in canine models of atrial fibrillation.
73  attenuated internal total reflection
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
FTIR (2 times)
OEG (1 time)
PBS (1 time)
2009 Surface functionalization of germanium ATR devices for use in FTIR-biosensors.
74  attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform IR
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
IR (2 times)
PCA (2 times)
DDTs (1 time)
2007 ATR microspectroscopy with multivariate analysis segregates grades of exfoliative cervical cytology.
75  Atypical Response Scale
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
ANCOVAs (1 time)
CDD (1 time)
MMPI-2 (1 time)
2008 The utility and comparative incremental validity of the MMPI-2 and Trauma Symptom Inventory validity scales in the detection of feigned PTSD.
76  average transmission rate
(2 times)
Mathematics
(1 time)
CR (1 time)
CT (1 time)
DFS (1 time)
2014 Performance enhancement of a web-based picture archiving and communication system using commercial off-the-shelf server clusters.
77  axial tibial rotation
(2 times)
Orthopedic Procedures
(1 time)
ACL (2 times)
ATT (2 times)
ALL (1 time)
2014 Extra-articular ACL Reconstruction and Pivot Shift: In Vivo Dynamic Evaluation With Navigation.
78  3-amino-1,2,4-triazole-5-thiol
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
APY (1 time)
MES (1 time)
mono (1 time)
2010 Raman characterization of monolayers formed from mixtures of sodium 2-mercaptoethanesulfonate and various aromatic mercapto-derivative bases.
79  A. terreus
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AmB (1 time)
2013 Virulence and thrombocyte affectation of two Aspergillus terreus isolates differing in amphotericin B susceptibility.
80  A. tetracantha root
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2016 Nephroprotective effect of ethanolic extract of Azima tetracantha root in glycerol induced acute renal failure in Wistar albino rats.
81  abdomen-to-thorax ratio
(1 time)
Gynecology
(1 time)
APD (1 time)
CDH (1 time)
LHR (1 time)
2014 Prenatal prediction of neonatal survival in cases diagnosed with congenital diaphragmatic hernia using abdomen-to-thorax ratio determined by ultrasonography.
82  abdomino-transanal resection
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
APR (1 time)
AR (1 time)
DMFS (1 time)
2007 Short versus conventional preoperative radiotherapy of rectal cancer: indications.
83  above target range
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BTR (1 time)
HGI (1 time)
MBG (1 time)
2003 Hemoglobin Glycosylation Index is not related with blood glucose.
84  acceleration time ratio
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
AI (1 time)
AT (1 time)
1988 Efficacy of echo-Doppler examination for the evaluation of renovascular disease.
85  acceptable target range
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BG (1 time)
DH (1 time)
DKA (1 time)
2017 A unified Hyperglycemia and Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) insulin infusion protocol based on an Excel algorithm and implemented via Electronic Medical Record (EMR) in Intensive Care Units.
86  acid-adaptive response
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2016 A consolidated analysis of the physiologic and molecular responses induced under acid stress in the legume-symbiont model-soil bacterium Sinorhizobium meliloti.
87  acidic tandem repeat
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
CoV-HKU1 (1 time)
HE (1 time)
2006 Comparative analysis of 22 coronavirus HKU1 genomes reveals a novel genotype and evidence of natural recombination in coronavirus HKU1.
88  acidification tolerance response
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
--- 1991 Salmonella acid shock proteins are required for the adaptive acid tolerance response.
89  Actarit
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
IS (1 time)
2016 A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method for the quantitation of actarit in rabbit plasma: application to pharmacokinetics and metabolic stability.
90  active template regression
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
CNN (1 time)
2015 Deep Human Parsing with Active Template Regression.
91  Active time ratio
(1 time)
Public Health
(1 time)
DF (1 time)
DV (1 time)
EA (1 time)
2018 Quantification of Free-Living Community Mobility in Healthy Older Adults Using Wearable Sensors.
92  acute rejection episodes
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
MAP (1 time)
1995 Racial differences in renal allograft survival: the role of systemic hypertension.
93  acute rupture of the Achilles tendon
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
PRF (1 time)
2017 Achilles Tendon Open Surgical Treatment With Platelet-Rich Fibrin Matrix Augmentation: Biomechanical Evaluation.
94  Acute to Therapeutic Ratio
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ACRs (1 time)
2010 Leveraging mammalian pharmaceutical toxicology and pharmacology data to predict chronic fish responses to pharmaceuticals.
95  acute transplant rejection
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
--- 1997 Long-term renal allograft survival: prognostic implication of the timing of acute rejection episodes.
96  adaptive Tikhonov regularization
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
FMT (1 time)
TR (1 time)
2013 An adaptive Tikhonov regularization method for fluorescence molecular tomography.
97  adaptive time reversal
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
--- 2014 Equivalence of adaptive time reversal and least squares for cross talk mitigation.
98  adenosine triphosphate
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
ADP (1 time)
AMP (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
1987 Effects of calcium entry blocker emopamil on postischemic energy metabolism of the isolated perfused rat brain.
99  adenosyl transferase enzyme
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AdoCbl (1 time)
MS (1 time)
MS-AdoCbl (1 time)
2017 The cause of multiple sclerosis is autoimmune attack of adenosyltransferase thereby limiting adenosylcobalamin production.
100  adipose tissue ratio
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
CSA (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2017 Decreased postoperative gluteus medius muscle cross-sectional area measured by computed tomography scan in patients with intertrochanteric fractures nailing.