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Abbreviation: AU
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
arbitrary units
(638 times)
Physiology
(88 times)
AGEs (19 times)
LDF (15 times)
HR (14 times)
1980 Cerebral energy metabolism in diving and non-diving birds during hypoxia and apnoeic asphyxia.
anterior uveitis
(102 times)
Ophthalmology
(53 times)
EAE (15 times)
AS (11 times)
MBP (11 times)
1983 Immunological features of HLA-B27 anterior uveitis.
Australia
(43 times)
Medicine
(5 times)
NZ (10 times)
US (10 times)
CA (7 times)
1970 Cirrhosis associated with the Australia antigen in an infant who acquired hepatitis from her mother.
Agatston units
(41 times)
Cardiology
(9 times)
CAC (17 times)
CACS (12 times)
CAD (8 times)
2002 A common promoter polymorphism in the hepatic lipase gene (LIPC-480C>T) is associated with an increase in coronary calcification in type 1 diabetes.
alopecia universalis
(31 times)
Dermatology
(18 times)
AA (22 times)
AT (18 times)
JAK (3 times)
1978 Corticosteroids in the treatment of alopecia totalis. Systemic effects.
astronomical units
(27 times)
Science
(26 times)
IBEX (1 time)
kpc (1 time)
LISM (1 time)
1988 Estimates of mass and angular momentum in the oort cloud.
absorbance units
(24 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
CAD (2 times)
CSF (2 times)
DFA (2 times)
1976 MaD, an automated precise analytical ultracentrifuge scanner system.
approximately unbiased
(22 times)
Molecular Biology
(9 times)
SH (6 times)
SSU (3 times)
BP (2 times)
2001 CONSEL: for assessing the confidence of phylogenetic tree selection.
activity units
(20 times)
Microbiology
(7 times)
ACE (1 time)
AID (1 time)
BL (1 time)
1986 Monoclonal antibodies against human ovarian tumor associated antigen NB/70K: preparation and use in a radioimmunoassay for measuring NB/70K in serum.
10  adenosine-uridine
(19 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
UTR (4 times)
GM-CSF (3 times)
3'UTR (2 times)
1992 Binding of sequence-specific proteins to the adenosine- plus uridine-rich sequences of the murine granulocyte/macrophage colony-stimulating factor mRNA.
11  artificial urine
(18 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
COM (2 times)
PBS (2 times)
SAPT (2 times)
1991 Influence of ageing, pH and various additives on crystal formation in artificial urine.
12  action unit
(17 times)
Medical Informatics
(6 times)
CNN (2 times)
BNs (1 time)
CFP (1 time)
2002 Temporal segmentation of video objects for hierarchical object-based motion description.
13  adenylate-uridylate
(16 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
3'UTR (3 times)
UTR (2 times)
3'UTRs (1 time)
2003 ARED 2.0: an update of AU-rich element mRNA database.
14  autism
(16 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
TD (7 times)
ASD (4 times)
CHARGE (3 times)
1999 [Usefulness of melatonin for developmental sleep and emotional/behavior disorders--studies of melatonin trial on 50 patients with developmental disorders].
15  alcohol use
(15 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(5 times)
AD (2 times)
AUDs (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2008 Risk and speed of transitions to first alcohol dependence symptoms in adolescents: a 10-year longitudinal community study in Germany.
16  acute urticaria
(14 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
CU (4 times)
MF (3 times)
PPC (3 times)
1991 Expression of complement receptor CR2 (CD21) on human subcorneal keratinocytes in normal and diseased skin.
17  aggregation units
(13 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
PCI (3 times)
AR (2 times)
HRPR (2 times)
2010 Multiplate whole blood impedance point of care aggregometry: preliminary reference values in healthy infants, children and adolescents.
18  animal unit
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
CP (2 times)
TBA (2 times)
ALL (1 time)
1999 Feeding of dairy cattle in the forest-garden farms of Kandy, Sri Lanka.
19  African Union
(11 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
EU (2 times)
NCDs (2 times)
UICC (2 times)
2009 International collaborations in cancer control and the Third International Cancer Control Congress.
20  analytical ultracentrifugation
(11 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
AFM (3 times)
DLS (3 times)
TEM (3 times)
2001 Ligand-induced changes in the Streptomyces lividans TipAL protein imply an alternative mechanism of transcriptional activation for MerR-like proteins.
21  allergen units
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
HDM (2 times)
NRL (2 times)
SLIT (2 times)
1991 [Biological standardization of the allergenic extract of Ambrosia elatior].
22  aucubin
(10 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
TNF-alpha (4 times)
CA (2 times)
GA (2 times)
1998 Liver-protective activities of aucubin derived from traditional oriental medicine.
23  antibody units
(8 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
Ab (1 time)
CI (1 time)
DT (1 time)
1994 IgG subclass distribution of anti-hCG and anti-diphtheria toxoid antibodies in women immunized with a beta-hCG based immunocontraceptive vaccine.
24  acid/urea
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
PAGE (2 times)
TAU (2 times)
AUT (1 time)
1985 Peptide mapping of basic proteins by proteolysis in acetic acid/urea-minislab polyacrylamide gels.
25  aged cognitively unimpaired
(7 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
AI (6 times)
HPA (2 times)
ACh (1 time)
1990 Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal activity in aged, cognitively impaired and cognitively unimpaired rats.
26  antimicrobial use
(7 times)
Epidemiology
(3 times)
PPSs (2 times)
SAAR (2 times)
AMS (1 time)
2014 [Point prevalence survey of health care associated infections and antimicrobial use in Piedmont Region long-term care facilities according to ECDC protocol].
27  adenine-uracil
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
AEA (1 time)
ALL (1 time)
AUBPs (1 time)
1982 Detection of separated amino proton resonance signals of adenine derivatives of low temperature and its application to estimation of population of the adenine-uracil dimers in solution.
28  All-Bond Universal
(6 times)
Dentistry
(4 times)
SU (6 times)
CS (2 times)
CU (2 times)
2015 Effect of additional etching and ethanol-wet bonding on the dentin bond strength of one-step self-etch adhesives.
29  albuminuria
(5 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
CKD (4 times)
GFR (3 times)
ABPM (2 times)
1991 [The importance of albuminuria in the detection of diabetic nephropathy and its relation to the development of retinopathy and autonomic neuropathy in type I diabetes].
30  anastomotic urethroplasty
(5 times)
Urology
(5 times)
BMG (1 time)
ED (1 time)
PVR (1 time)
1996 Urethroplasty for posterior urethral strictures.
31  automatic
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
BP (2 times)
EID (2 times)
MS (2 times)
1999 Rapid estimation of the accuracy of automatic blood pressure measuring devices (READ).
32  absorption units
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BALF (1 time)
CED (1 time)
CRDS (1 time)
1989 Endoreplication of zygotic nuclei in the larger foraminifer Heterostegina depressa (Nummulitidae).
33  administrative units
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
RR (3 times)
CU (2 times)
IDF (2 times)
1997 [The efficiency of organizational measures in improving the management of the prior appointment program].
34  aged-unimpaired
(4 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
AI (4 times)
ACh (1 time)
AChE (1 time)
2009 Rejuvenation of antioxidant and cholinergic systems contributes to the effect of procyanidins extracted from the lotus seedpod ameliorating memory impairment in cognitively impaired aged rats.
35  alcohol units
(4 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
ART (1 time)
AUD (1 time)
BMT (1 time)
2003 The discriminant validity of alcohol use disorder in well-functioning men with hazardous alcohol use.
36  antibiotic use
(4 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
ECDC (2 times)
ACHs (1 time)
CDI (1 time)
2013 Antibiotic usage in German hospitals: results of the second national prevalence study.
37  Aquagenic urticaria
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
SDAU (1 time)
SSRIs (1 time)
1996 Aquagenic urticaria.
38  Armour units
(4 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
CL (2 times)
FSH (2 times)
pFSH (2 times)
1991 Superovulation of dairy cows with purified FSH supplemented with defined amounts of LH.
39  autoimmune uveitis
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
RA (2 times)
SLE (2 times)
AIH (1 time)
2001 [DNA-abzymes and their clinical significance in systemic lupus erythematosis].
40  Acceleration Units
(3 times)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
AEP (1 time)
DIBELS (1 time)
HR (1 time)
2013 Comparison of physical activity sensors and heart rate monitoring for real-time activity detection in type 1 diabetes and control subjects.
41  acoustic units
(3 times)
Science
(1 time)
BZs (1 time)
MCE (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2000 Myocardial perfusion and wall motion in infarction border zone: assessment by myocardial contrast echocardiography.
42  acousto-ultrasonic
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
COTS (1 time)
DTW (1 time)
FBG (1 time)
2015 Non-destructive evaluation of anchorage zones by ultrasonics techniques.
43  Adolescent Unit
(3 times)
Adolescent
(3 times)
RSH (1 time)
1972 The MMPI and adolescent patients in a state hospital.
44  Adrenergic urticaria
(3 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
CU (1 time)
2009 A case of localized adrenergic urticaria mimicking an allergic reaction to a sweat chloride test.
45  ammonium urate
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
AO (1 time)
ATU (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2004 [A case of ammonium urate urinary stone].
46  Arthrobacter ureafaciens
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BBif (1 time)
BLac (1 time)
CP (1 time)
1984 [H-NMR spectroscopy. Specificity of microbial sialidases against complex substrates].
47  asymmetric unit
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
Cpn (1 time)
SER (1 time)
2005 Urate oxidase from Aspergillus flavus: new crystal-packing contacts in relation to the content of the active site.
48  axillary ultrasound
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
BC (1 time)
CE (1 time)
cT (1 time)
2005 Assessment of breast cancer tumor size depends on method, histopathology and tumor size itself*.
49  5-aminouracil
(2 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
--- 1982 Effect of caffeine on G2 repair and its reversion by adenosine.
50  Abdominal ultrasonography
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
EUS (1 time)
GBC (1 time)
GSD (1 time)
2014 Comparison of abdominal ultrasonographic findings with endoscopic ultrasonographic findings of solid pseudopapillary neoplasms of the pancreas.
51  absolute units
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CVC (1 time)
2005 Effects of acupuncture on heart rate variability in normal subjects under fatigue and non-fatigue state.
52  absolute uptake
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
DMSA (2 times)
VUR (2 times)
MS (1 time)
2003 Split renal function does not change after successful treatment in children with primary vesico-ureteric reflux.
53  actual use
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
PEOU (2 times)
PU (2 times)
TAM (2 times)
2014 Occupational therapists' views on using a virtual reality interior design application within the pre-discharge home visit process.
54  acute uremia
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ALI (1 time)
ARF (1 time)
CB (1 time)
1987 The effects of postoperative factors on serum thyroid hormones and rat liver nuclear 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine receptor concentrations in surgical models of uremia and regenerating liver.
55  Adhese Universal
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
TBS (2 times)
ABRZ (1 time)
ABU (1 time)
2019 Different surface modifications combined with universal adhesives: the impact on the bonding properties of zirconia to composite resin cement.
56  allylurea
(2 times)
Polymers
(2 times)
EB (1 time)
NPS (1 time)
2000 Physical stabilization of starch-allylurea blends by EB-grafting: a compositional and structural study.
57  Alternate Uses
(2 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
IED (1 time)
2007 Dopamine asymmetry interacts with medication to affect cognition in Parkinson's disease.
58  ambulance services
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
--- 1992 [Ambulance services in Copenhagen, Odense and Ringkobing County. Results of the spot test conducted by the Ministry of Health and the County Councils Association in 1990. 1. Epidemiological data].
59  amplex ultrared
(2 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
AMP (1 time)
NP (1 time)
NPs (1 time)
2011 Oxidase-functionalized Fe(3)O(4) nanoparticles for fluorescence sensing of specific substrate.
60  Anastomotic ulceration
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
SBS (1 time)
2014 Anastomotic ulcerations after intestinal resection in infancy.
61  anastomotic ulcers
(2 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
PDR (1 time)
TV (1 time)
1982 Adenocarcinoma of the ampulla of Vater. Diagnosis and treatment.
62  anterior urethroplasty
(2 times)
Urology
(2 times)
EPIC (1 time)
PROMs (1 time)
RP (1 time)
2011 The impact of anterior urethropexy during robotic prostatectomy on urinary and sexual outcomes.
63  antimicrobial utilization
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
FNE (1 time)
ICU (1 time)
2000 Variation in antimicrobial utilization for febrile neutropenia in cancer patients. The CEMIC Study Group. Club d'Etudes des Maladies Infectieuses en Cancer.
64  antitoxin units
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
DTd (1 time)
Td (1 time)
1977 IgE synthesis in man. I. Development of specific IgE antibodies after immunization with tetanus-diphtheria (Td) toxoids.
65  application unit
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
3D-MAP (1 time)
AEPP (1 time)
HP (1 time)
2015 Application unit for the administration of contrast gases for pulmonary magnetic resonance imaging: optimization of ventilation distribution for (3) He-MRI.
66  arbitrary densitometric units
(2 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
10ws (1 time)
2ws (1 time)
MHC (1 time)
1993 Changes in levels of mRNA encoding myosin heavy chain in porcine trachealis during ontogenesis.
67  area-under
(2 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ROC (2 times)
ADC (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2014 [A multi-center clinical study of a novel controlled attenuation parameter for assessment of fatty liver].
68  auditory uncertainty
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
DP (2 times)
IR (2 times)
ALC (1 time)
2000 Characteristic subjective experiences of schizophrenia.
69  auramine
(2 times)
Parasitology
(1 time)
ZN (2 times)
IC (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2011 Cryptosporidium parvum in diarrheic calves detected by microscopy and identified by immunochromatographic and molecular methods.
70  auranofin
(2 times)
Rheumatology
(1 time)
AE (1 time)
GR (1 time)
PY (1 time)
1993 Comparison of pyritinol and auranofin in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. The European Multicentre Study Group.
71  auricular
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AR (2 times)
ECM (1 time)
GAG (1 time)
2008 Differential behavior of auricular and articular chondrocytes in hyaluronic acid hydrogels.
72  authors
(2 times)
Primary Health Care
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
CP (1 time)
PT (1 time)
1999 [Atencion Primaria journal in MEDLINE: an analysis of the first 7 years of indexing (1989-1995)].
73  autistic
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
beta-EP (1 time)
CCK-8 (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1997 Beta-endorphin and cholecystokinin 8 concentrations in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of autistic children.
74  autistic children
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
ASD (2 times)
TD (2 times)
CNS (1 time)
2013 Oxidative Stress and Erythrocyte Membrane Alterations in Children with Autism: Correlation with Clinical Features.
75  autistic disorder
(2 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
ABC (1 time)
AD (1 time)
DD (1 time)
2008 Reduced levels of immunoglobulin in children with autism correlates with behavioral symptoms.
76  autoclave
(2 times)
Food-Processing Industry
(1 time)
CV (1 time)
GF (1 time)
IR (1 time)
1980 Effects of lactose and mode of sterilization of a lactose diet on mineral metabolism in germ-free and conventional rats.
77  autografts
(2 times)
Knee
(1 time)
AL (2 times)
AVR (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2006 Outcome after aortic valve replacement in young adults: is patient profile more important than prosthesis type?
78  autologous
(2 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
BCR (1 time)
BL (1 time)
2003 Hematopoietic recovery following autologous bone marrow transplantation in a nonhuman primate: effect of variation in treatment schedule with PEG-rHuMGDF.
79  automatically
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
MA (1 time)
VMAT (1 time)
1993 [Systolic blood pressure at rest and during submaximal and maximal exercise on ergometer bicycle. The value of automatic and auscultatory determination].
80  autonomy
(2 times)
Social Medicine
(1 time)
EM (1 time)
ER (1 time)
PWB (1 time)
2015 Gender differences in psychological well-being: tests of factorial invariance.
81  autotransplantation
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
GA (1 time)
SE (1 time)
SH (1 time)
2006 Hemorheological follow-up after splenectomy and spleen autotransplantation in mice.
82  512-arbitrary unit
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
Ni-IDA (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2011 Fusion expression of pedA gene to obtain biologically active pediocin PA-1 in Escherichia coli.
83  6-azauracil
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
--- 1986 Production and characterization of somatic hybrids between Solanum melongena L. and S. sisymbriifolium Lam.
84  A, the function f(U)=Tr
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
2004 An efficient method for calculating maxima of homogeneous functions of orthogonal matrices: applications to localized occupied orbitals.
85  A. unedo chaparral
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
EA (1 time)
2009 Facilitated establishment of Quercus ilex in shrub-dominated communities within a Mediterranean ecosystem: do mycorrhizal partners matter?
86  Aarhus University Hospital
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
ddPCR (1 time)
EAC (1 time)
IS (1 time)
2019 Variant-specific discrepancy when quantitating BCR-ABL1 e13a2 and e14a2 transcripts using the Europe Against Cancer qPCR assay.
87  abandoned ureter as NIAFG
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
IAFG (1 time)
NIAFG (1 time)
NU (1 time)
1995 Experimental study of ureteral free grafts. I. Surgical findings in transplanted and abandoned ureter.
88  abbreviated urethroplasty
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
AUS (1 time)
PA (1 time)
2016 Foley or Fix: A Comparative Analysis of Reparative Procedures at the Time of Explantation of Artificial Urinary Sphincter for Cuff Erosion.
89  Abdominal ultrasound
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
--- 2010 [Impact of imaging tests on the negative appendectomy rate].
90  absolute
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BG (1 time)
ROI (1 time)
2011 (99m)Tc-DMSA absolute and relative renal uptake in cats: procedure and normal values.
91  absorbance reading unit
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
PBMC (1 time)
2012 Increased telomerase activity and vitamin D supplementation in overweight African Americans.
92  Abundance-Ubiquity
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2016 Stable and sporadic symbiotic communities of coral and algal holobionts.
93  Academic underachievement
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
ADHD (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1991 Academic underachievement and the disruptive behavior disorders.
94  academic university
(1 time)
Perinatal Care
(1 time)
MFM (1 time)
PPROM (1 time)
2005 The relationship between practice setting and management of preterm premature rupture of membranes.
95  acetylated ulvan
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
LDL-C (1 time)
TG (1 time)
2012 Synthesis and antihyperlipidemic activity of acetylated derivative of ulvan from Ulva pertusa.
96  acetylated ulvan derivative
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
LDL-C (1 time)
TG (1 time)
2012 Synthesis and antihyperlipidemic activity of acetylated derivative of ulvan from Ulva pertusa.
97  acid-unfolded
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
apoMb (1 time)
SXS (1 time)
2007 Global structure analysis of acid-unfolded myoglobin with consideration to effects of intermolecular coulomb repulsion on solution X-ray scattering.
98  Acmella uliginosa
(1 time)
AV (1 time)
FCA (1 time)
GC/MS (1 time)
2016 Assessment of anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic properties of Acmella uliginosa (Sw.) Cass. based on experiments in arthritic rat models and qualitative gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses.
99  Action Units
(1 time)
GANs (1 time)
2018 GANimation: Anatomically-aware Facial Animation from a Single Image.
100  active units
(1 time)
Critical Care
(1 time)
MOF (1 time)
sPLA2 (1 time)
2001 Secretory phospholipase A2 activity correlates with postinjury multiple organ failure.