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Abbreviation: AV
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Long forms: 463

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
atrioventricular
(4439 times)
Cardiology
(2792 times)
LV (189 times)
AF (183 times)
ECG (179 times)
1961 Supernormal phase of atrioventricular (A-V) conduction due to potassium. A-V alternans with first-degree A-V block.
arteriovenous
(1369 times)
Vascular Diseases
(253 times)
HD (82 times)
ESRD (40 times)
CI (37 times)
1966 Movement of lipids into and out of the blood during hyperlipidemia induced in rabbits by pituitary extract and fraction H.
aortic valve
(419 times)
Cardiology
(190 times)
AS (70 times)
AR (38 times)
LV (35 times)
1978 Correlation of angiographic and autopsy left ventricular dimensions in children.
audiovisual
(249 times)
Neurology
(39 times)
AO (19 times)
ERPs (13 times)
STS (11 times)
1977 A systems approach to the development and evaluation of a minicourse for nurses.
acne vulgaris
(98 times)
Dermatology
(60 times)
IL (6 times)
AD (3 times)
BMI (3 times)
1993 Analyses of skin surface lipid in patients with microbially associated skin disease.
Aloe vera
(76 times)
Dentistry
(8 times)
SF (6 times)
CAL (4 times)
CP (4 times)
2001 Evaluation of the antioxidant potential of natural food/plant extracts as compared with synthetic antioxidants and vitamin E in raw and cooked pork patties.
auditory-visual
(74 times)
Audiology
(25 times)
AO (12 times)
VA (6 times)
ERPs (5 times)
1979 Auditory-visual perception of speech with reduced optical clarity.
adenovirus
(68 times)
Virology
(15 times)
RV (8 times)
NV (5 times)
AAV (4 times)
1976 Antigenic characterization of intermediate adenovirus 14-11 strains associated with upper respiratory illness in a military camp.
acid value
(63 times)
Biochemistry
(16 times)
PV (30 times)
CV (11 times)
TBARS (8 times)
1998 pH-metric determination of the acid value of vegetable oils without titration.
10  aerobic vaginitis
(62 times)
Gynecology
(19 times)
BV (42 times)
AVF (9 times)
VVC (6 times)
2006 Topical kanamycin: an effective therapeutic option in aerobic vaginitis.
11  anteroventral
(59 times)
Neurology
(29 times)
AD (18 times)
MD (11 times)
AM (9 times)
1977 Second order auditory pathways in the chimpanzee.
12  annexin V
(51 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
PI (21 times)
PS (7 times)
CTB (5 times)
1998 Class specific inhibition of house dust mite proteinases which cleave cell adhesion, induce cell death and which increase the permeability of lung epithelium.
13  autophagic vacuoles
(38 times)
Cell Biology
(13 times)
LF (2 times)
RER (2 times)
TEM (2 times)
1975 Reversibility of lysosomal and glucose 6-phosphatase changes produced in the rat liver by dimethylnitrosamine.
14  artificial vagina
(37 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(27 times)
EE (8 times)
AI (3 times)
CASA (3 times)
1984 The effect of collection method and housing system on semen production and fertility of Alabio drakes.
15  artificial ventilation
(30 times)
Anesthesiology
(16 times)
ALL (2 times)
RDS (2 times)
AIS (1 time)
1980 Influence of time and therapy on ventricular defibrillation in dogs.
16  antivenom
(29 times)
Toxicology
(12 times)
CK (2 times)
DALY (2 times)
EAR (2 times)
1994 [Snake bites in children: antivenom early reaction frequency in patients pretreated with histamine antagonists H1 and H2 and hydrocortisone].
17  anteversion
(24 times)
Orthopedics
(15 times)
CT (5 times)
AT (4 times)
THA (3 times)
1982 Idiopathic increased anteversion of the femoral neck. Radiological and clinical study in non-operated and operated patients.
18  angular velocity
(23 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
IS (5 times)
HV (3 times)
AP (2 times)
1988 Angular velocity and acceleration of the QRS vector in the electrocardiogram of rabbits.
19  abomasal volvulus
(22 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(21 times)
LDA (13 times)
RDA (11 times)
BW (1 time)
1988 Comparison of naturally occurring proximal duodenal obstruction and abomasal volvulus in dairy cattle.
20  average velocity
(22 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
AP (8 times)
PV (7 times)
CA (3 times)
1989 [Calculation of cardiac output using Doppler echocardiography].
21  allograft vasculopathy
(19 times)
Transplantation
(9 times)
SMC (3 times)
EGFP (2 times)
AAV (1 time)
1996 Myocardial vacuolization, a marker of ischemic injury, in surveillance cardiac biopsies posttransplant: Correlations with morphologic vascular disease and endothelial dysfunction.
22  antiviral
(18 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
AP (4 times)
CMI (2 times)
2-5OAS (1 time)
1977 Effect of human interferon preparations on lymphoblastogenesis in Down's syndrome.
23  azygos vein
(17 times)
Anatomy
(5 times)
IJV (3 times)
MS (3 times)
CCSVI (2 times)
2000 Absence of the azygos vein.
24  anisidine value
(16 times)
Food
(4 times)
PV (14 times)
FFA (5 times)
DHA (3 times)
2001 Upgrading of maatjes herring byproducts: production of crude fish oil.
25  average
(16 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
AMI (2 times)
AMP (2 times)
PF (2 times)
1988 Development of salmon GTH I and GTH II radioimmunoassays.
26  aortocaval
(15 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
LV (4 times)
ANF (3 times)
ACE (2 times)
1988 Hormonal determinants of sodium excretion in rats with experimental high-output heart failure.
27  autonomous vehicles
(14 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(4 times)
ADAS (1 time)
CA DMV (1 time)
CV (1 time)
2018 Autonomous vehicles' disengagements: Trends, triggers, and regulatory limitations.
28  anteroventral nucleus
(13 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
AM (6 times)
AD (3 times)
ATN (2 times)
1975 A study of so-called 'retrograde fine-grain' degeneration in the thalamus.
29  artery-vein
(13 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
AO (2 times)
CT (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1997 Short-term effect of portal vein arterialization on hepatic protein synthesis and endotoxaemia after extended hepatectomy in dogs.
30  anal verge
(11 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
ARR (2 times)
DFS (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
2000 Fecal continence following partial resection of the anal canal in distal rectal cancer: long-term results after coloanal anastomoses.
31  assisted ventilation
(11 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
NICU (2 times)
ABS (1 time)
AE (1 time)
1980 Early onset group B streptococcus neonatal septicemia and respiratory distress syndrome: characteristic features of assisted ventilation in the first 24 hours of life.
32  adrenal vein
(10 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
AVS (3 times)
PA (3 times)
ACTH (2 times)
1984 Ovarian and adrenal vein steroids in healthy women with ovulatory cycles--selective catheterization findings.
33  atorvastatin
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
PV (5 times)
SV (4 times)
CV (3 times)
2001 Hypolipidemic effect of NK-104 and other 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase inhibitors in guinea pigs.
34  anterior vitrectomy
(9 times)
Ophthalmology
(8 times)
IOL (4 times)
PPV (3 times)
PCR (2 times)
2007 The incidence of after cataract following three different types of cataract surgery in children: a meta-analysis.
35  aviary
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
CC (8 times)
EC (4 times)
EN (3 times)
2014 Comparison of aviary, barn and conventional cage raising of chickens on laying performance and egg quality.
36  adriamycin plus vincristine
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(7 times)
CMF (5 times)
AVD (1 time)
AVI (1 time)
1976 Response and survival in advanced breast cancer after two non-cross-resistant combinations.
37  anteroventral thalamic nucleus
(8 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
ATN (2 times)
MB (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1987 Mammillothalamic enkephalinergic pathway in the rat: an immunocytochemical analysis.
38  Ambulance Victoria
(7 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
TSCI (2 times)
ARISE (1 time)
EMS (1 time)
2014 Advancing age and trauma: triage destination compliance and mortality in Victoria, Australia.
39  ampulla of Vater
(7 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
GB (3 times)
MRCP (3 times)
CAE (2 times)
2010 Expression of the GLUT1 glucose transporter and p53 in carcinomas of the pancreatobiliary tract.
40  anterior vault
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
LV (5 times)
ACD (2 times)
AL (2 times)
2014 Relative lens vault in subjects with angle closure.
41  anti-vibration
(7 times)
Occupational Medicine
(4 times)
VWF (3 times)
ECR (1 time)
ECR_FCR (1 time)
1995 Dose-response relation for vascular disorders induced by vibration in the fingers of forestry workers.
42  area vasculosa
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
Cd (2 times)
CdAc (2 times)
HH (2 times)
1995 A non-invasive photographic modification for recording early vascular development in the chick.
43  Asturiana de los Valles
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
AM (4 times)
BP (4 times)
A-NI (3 times)
2001 The effect of breed-production systems on the myosin heavy chain 1, the biochemical characteristics and the colour variables of Longissimus thoracis from seven Spanish beef cattle breeds.
44  audio-video
(7 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
BF (1 time)
CB (1 time)
ECs (1 time)
2014 Audio-video recording of informed consent process: Boon or bane.
45  avirulent
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
att (1 time)
Col (1 time)
HLY (1 time)
1978 Identification of the virulence-associated antigen on the surface fibrils of Actinomyces viscosus T14.
46  axillary vein
(7 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
CV (3 times)
AVF (2 times)
CIED (2 times)
2014 Unusual infra-clavicular venous circle - a case report.
47  adenoviral vectors
(6 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
5-FC (1 time)
AdCFTR (1 time)
BALF (1 time)
2001 p27-p16 fusion gene inhibits angioplasty-induced neointimal hyperplasia and coronary artery occlusion.
48  apical vertebra
(6 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
AIS (4 times)
LIV (2 times)
C7TR (1 time)
1997 A new technique for the three-dimensional study of the spine in vitro and in vivo by using a motion-analysis system.
49  Australia-Victoria
(6 times)
Virology
(5 times)
NDV (3 times)
HN (2 times)
AAH (1 time)
1988 Strain variation and nuclear association of Newcastle disease virus matrix protein.
50  autologous vein
(6 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
ABI (1 time)
APR (1 time)
ePTFE (1 time)
1984 The efficacy of dextran 40 in preventing early postoperative thrombosis following difficult lower extremity bypass.
51  average values
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
SOD (3 times)
VC (3 times)
VE (3 times)
2001 Studies on the oxidative stress in alcohol abusers in China.
52  avoidance
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AAS (2 times)
ANX (2 times)
AP (2 times)
2006 The Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer (Mini-MAC) scale: construct validation with a Greek sample of breast cancer patients.
53  air velocity
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
BP (1 time)
CO (1 time)
HR (1 time)
1994 Physical efficiency of Bengali farmers in response to change in environmental factors.
54  Aloe vera gel
(5 times)
Dentistry, Operative
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
AD (1 time)
FG (1 time)
2010 Effects of Scutellariae radix and Aloe vera gel extracts on immunoglobulin E and cytokine levels in atopic dermatitis NC/Nga mice.
55  alternobaric vertigo
(5 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
SCUBA (2 times)
cVEMP (1 time)
ENG (1 time)
1988 Alternobaric vertigo in professional divers.
56  amphophilic-vacuolar
(5 times)
Toxicology
(5 times)
RTTs (2 times)
CPN (1 time)
GM (1 time)
2008 Spontaneous occurrence of a distinctive renal tubule tumor phenotype in rat carcinogenicity studies conducted by the national toxicology program.
57  astrovirus
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
RV (4 times)
HAV (3 times)
EV (2 times)
2000 Three-year study to assess human enteric viruses in shellfish.
58  attenuation value
(5 times)
Radiology
(4 times)
CT (5 times)
ccRCC (1 time)
CM (1 time)
1993 Analysis of lung density by computed tomography before and during general anaesthesia.
59  acetabular version
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
AA (2 times)
FNA (1 time)
FV (1 time)
2007 Anteroposterior pelvic radiographs to assess acetabular retroversion: high validity of the "cross-over-sign".
60  acoustic vortex
(4 times)
Physical Phenomena
(2 times)
AR (1 time)
DMT (1 time)
OAM (1 time)
2017 Characterization of phased array-steered acoustic vortex beams.
61  adenoviral
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AAV (1 time)
GM-CSF (1 time)
HCV (1 time)
1998 Ribozyme gene therapy for hepatitis C virus infection.
62  adrenal venous
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PV (3 times)
APA (1 time)
ART (1 time)
1993 Ouabain is secreted by the adrenal gland in awake dogs.
63  alpha value
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
CA (3 times)
NMSs (3 times)
VSL (3 times)
2015 Reducing an already low dental diagnostic X-ray dose: does it make sense? Comparison of three cost-utility analysis methods used to assess two dental dose-reduction measures.
64  alternating ventilation
(4 times)
Critical Care
(3 times)
SV (2 times)
bpm (1 time)
DV (1 time)
1995 Alternating versus synchronous ventilation of left and right lungs in piglets.
65  anthropometric variables
(4 times)
Nutrigenomics
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CANSA (1 time)
2010 [Lack of influence of body mass on blood pressure reduction after exercising].
66  anticipatory vomiting
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AN (3 times)
CMF (1 time)
PCNV (1 time)
1982 Anticipatory vomiting in women receiving cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and 5-FU (CMF) adjuvant chemotherapy for breast carcinoma.
67  arbitrary values
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
PAH (3 times)
PKU (3 times)
NGS (2 times)
2010 Variations in genotype-phenotype correlations in phenylketonuria patients.
68  arm vein
(4 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
CGSV (2 times)
SSV (2 times)
CI (1 time)
2015 Arm veins versus contralateral greater saphenous veins for lower extremity bypass reconstruction: preliminary data of a randomized study.
69  assigned value
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
PKU (3 times)
DGGE (2 times)
MHP (2 times)
2003 Validation of PAH genotype-based predictions of metabolic phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency phenotype: investigation of PKU/MHP patients from Lithuania.
70  atrioventricular conduction
(4 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
AF (3 times)
AVB (2 times)
ECG (1 time)
1988 Effect of catheter ablation of the atrioventricular junction on quality of life and exercise tolerance in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.
71  Atrophoderma vermiculatum
(4 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
KFSD (1 time)
KPA (1 time)
KPAF (1 time)
1990 [Early and late histologic aspects of atrophodermia vermiculata. A case study].
72  autoverification
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CBC (1 time)
CL (1 time)
ETV (1 time)
2017 Multiple pre- and post-analytical lean approaches to the improvement of the laboratory turnaround time in a large core laboratory.
73  aversive
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
NA (2 times)
app (1 time)
AV - NA (1 time)
2002 A functional anatomic study of emotion in schizophrenia.
74  avilamycin
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
PF (2 times)
DLWG (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2006 Effect of formic acid on performance, digestibility, intestinal histomorphology and plasma metabolite levels of broiler chickens.
75  actuarial value
(3 times)
Health Services
(1 time)
CATS (1 time)
CT (1 time)
EV (1 time)
2004 The cognitive activation theory of stress.
76  Ahmed valve
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
IOP (3 times)
PK (1 time)
2006 Ahmed valve implantation in glaucoma secondary to chronic uveitis.
77  alternating voltage
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
EG (1 time)
MB (1 time)
2001 Usefulness of the Poincare maps in detection of T-wave alternans in precordial leads of standard ECG--a comparison with the spectral method.
78  alveolar volume
(3 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
FVC (2 times)
TLC (2 times)
CAH (1 time)
2010 Bone volume, tooth volume, and incisor relapse: a 3-dimensional analysis of orthodontic stability.
79  ammonia volatilization
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CD (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CWT1 (1 time)
2014 Ammonia volatilization losses from paddy fields under controlled irrigation with different drainage treatments.
80  angiographic vasospasm
(3 times)
Neurosurgery
(2 times)
SAH (2 times)
SV (2 times)
aSAH (1 time)
2014 Risk factors associated with cerebral vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.
81  Anti-vehicular
(3 times)
Traumatology
(2 times)
ATDs (1 time)
FE (1 time)
FEM (1 time)
2009 Lower extremity injury criteria for evaluating military vehicle occupant injury in underbelly blast events.
82  antral vagotomy
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
BER (2 times)
SPV (2 times)
PGV (1 time)
1977 [Effects of various types of vagotomy on electrical and contractile activities of the canine stomach (author's transl)].
83  Aortocaval fistula
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
SD (2 times)
CRS (1 time)
FGS (1 time)
2015 Aggravated Cardiac Remodeling post Aortocaval Fistula in Unilateral Nephrectomized Rats.
84  Apocynum venetum
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BDNF (1 time)
DM (1 time)
EPM (1 time)
2007 Anti-anxiety effects of Apocynum venetum L. in the elevated plus maze test.
85  apparent viscosity
(3 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
YP (2 times)
AAPE (1 time)
ANFIS (1 time)
2020 Real-Time Prediction of Rheological Properties of Invert Emulsion Mud Using Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System.
86  Apple vinegar
(3 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
CA (1 time)
2011 Evaluation of pH, available chlorine content, and antibacterial activity of endodontic irrigants and their combinations against Enterococcus faecalis.
87  arachnoid villi
(3 times)
Musculoskeletal Diseases
(1 time)
CSF (3 times)
CP (1 time)
IF (1 time)
2010 The function and structure of the cerebrospinal fluid outflow system.
88  Artemisia vulgaris
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
Av-REF (1 time)
CIE (1 time)
CRIE (1 time)
1985 The use of a reference allergenic extract in the evaluation of allergen products.
89  arteriovenous access
(3 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
HD (2 times)
BF (1 time)
CVC (1 time)
1998 Adequacy of haemodialysis with cuffed central-vein catheters.
90  arteriovenular
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
BL (1 time)
PDR (1 time)
PRP (1 time)
1977 Evolution of neovascularization in sickle cell retinopathy. A prospective fluorescein angiographic study.
91  Aubrey Valley
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
SE (2 times)
Cal (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
2011 Population differences in host immune factors may influence survival of Gunnison's prairie dogs (Cynomys gunnisoni) during plague outbreaks.
92  auriculoventricular
(3 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
CELM (1 time)
Cg (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
1972 [The role of calcium ions in auriculoventricular (AV) conduction].
93  automatic ventilator
(3 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
BV (1 time)
CPR (1 time)
EMTs (1 time)
1998 Comparison of bag-valve-mask, manually triggered ventilator, and automated ventilator devices used while ventilating a nonintubated mannikin model.
94  avascular villi
(3 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
CPD (1 time)
ELUC (1 time)
ETUC (1 time)
1995 Fetal thrombotic vasculopathy: the clinical significance of extensive avascular villi.
95  avobenzone
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
CA (1 time)
FA (1 time)
HEMn (1 time)
2016 Photoprotection by dietary phenolics against melanogenesis induced by UVA through Nrf2-dependent antioxidant responses.
96  ablation volume
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BPL (1 time)
OP (1 time)
SA (1 time)
2007 Changes in peripheral lymphocyte subsets in patients after partial microwave ablation of the spleen for secondary splenomegaly and hypersplenism: a preliminary study.
97  acceleration volume
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
AT (1 time)
CI (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2014 [Study of scan parameters using three-dimensional cine phase contrast imaging for pulmonary artery velocity measurement].
98  accessible volume
(2 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
ds (1 time)
FRET (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2011 Accurate distance determination of nucleic acids via Forster resonance energy transfer: implications of dye linker length and rigidity.
99  acetabular volume
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
OA (2 times)
AFNO (1 time)
DI (1 time)
2011 Relationships of hip joint volume ratios with degrees of joint laxity and degenerative disease from youth to maturity in a canine population predisposed to hip joint osteoarthritis.
100  achromogenic variants
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
--- 2000 [The properties of the cellular surface of Yersinia pestis strain EV and its achromogenic variants].