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Abbreviation: AW
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Long forms: 232

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
alcohol withdrawal
(31 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(16 times)
DT (3 times)
BAC (2 times)
CIWA-Ar (2 times)
1987 Intravenous phenobarbital for alcohol withdrawal and convulsions.
active waking
(27 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
QW (9 times)
QS (8 times)
PS (7 times)
1980 Eye movements during the waking-sleep cycle of the encephale isole semichronic cat preparation.
abdominal wall
(19 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
CW (2 times)
DNFB (2 times)
EA (2 times)
1996 Pressure threshold for fluid loss from the peritoneal cavity.
adult worm
(19 times)
Parasitology
(8 times)
ML (7 times)
ES (6 times)
IIL (6 times)
1991 IgE antibody production in rats against multiple components of excretory-secretory products of the nematode Nippostrongylus brasiliensis.
anterior wall
(18 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
PW (9 times)
LV (8 times)
LW (4 times)
1982 [Evaluation of left ventricular asynergy by parasternal and subcostal M-mode echocardiography].
active wakefulness
(12 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
SWS (8 times)
REM (6 times)
QW (5 times)
1989 [The organization of the neuronal activity of the cortical cingulate gyrus in the waking-sleep cycle].
adjacent whisker
(11 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
PW (9 times)
ISIs (2 times)
VPM (2 times)
2003 Response properties of whisker-associated trigeminothalamic neurons in rat nucleus principalis.
airway
(10 times)
Physiological Phenomena
(2 times)
FB (2 times)
OVA (2 times)
ACF (1 time)
1983 Quantitative recovery of expired nitrogen and nitrous oxide from venous gas emboli.
awake
(9 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
AS (2 times)
BP (2 times)
iEEG (2 times)
1979 Respiration during the first six months of life in normal infants: II. The emergence of a circadian pattern.
10  antiwear
(8 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
EP (4 times)
ILs (4 times)
PEG (2 times)
2011 Graphene-based engine oil nanofluids for tribological applications.
11  abattoir wastewater
(7 times)
Technology
(4 times)
COD (4 times)
HRT (3 times)
OLRs (3 times)
2009 Mesophilic and thermophilic anaerobic co-digestion of abattoir wastewater and fruit and vegetable waste in anaerobic sequencing batch reactors.
12  acoustic wave
(7 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
AO (1 time)
FBG (1 time)
LGT (1 time)
2011 Influence of surface conductivity on sensitivity of acoustic wave gas sensors based on multilayered structures.
13  American white
(7 times)
Endocrinology
(7 times)
AA (7 times)
FFM (2 times)
DI (1 time)
2001 Lipolysis in African-American children: is it a metabolic risk factor predisposing to obesity?
14  animal welfare
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
AH (1 time)
AWC (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2014 The role of cognitive styles and sociodemographic characteristics in consumer perceptions and attitudes toward nonhuman animal welfare.
15  axial wall
(6 times)
Dentistry
(5 times)
MG (4 times)
AO (2 times)
CA (2 times)
2014 Gap comparison between single crown and three-unit bridge zirconia substructures.
16  abrupt withdrawal
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
GW (2 times)
PW (2 times)
HIV (1 time)
1982 A controlled trial of diazepam withdrawal in chronically anxious outpatients.
17  activity wheel
(5 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(5 times)
ACTH (1 time)
BT (1 time)
CFC (1 time)
1995 Activity-stress ulcers in rats: the role of preentrainment to meal time.
18  anti-windup
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
AFIPID (1 time)
AUV (1 time)
DOF (1 time)
2007 Performance-oriented antiwindup for a class of linear control systems with augmented neural network controller.
19  artificial wastewater
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BOD (2 times)
Ag NPs (1 time)
CLSM (1 time)
2006 Continuous electricity production from artificial wastewater using a mediator-less microbial fuel cell.
20  ash weight
(5 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
DW (3 times)
BMC (2 times)
AW/FFDM (1 time)
1990 Sensitivity of various bone parameters of laying hens to different daily calcium intakes.
21  Atlantic water
(5 times)
Biology
(1 time)
MW (1 time)
NAO (1 time)
NASA (1 time)
2014 Meteorologically-driven circulation and flushing times of the Bay of Algeciras, Strait of Gibraltar.
22  awareness
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
tDCS (2 times)
AN (1 time)
CHEPs (1 time)
2012 Awareness of temperature and pain sensation.
23  active wake
(4 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
PS (2 times)
PW (2 times)
QW (2 times)
2008 Alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone and adrenocorticotropic hormone: an alternative approach when thinking about restless legs syndrome?
24  adjusted Wallace coefficient
(4 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
MLVA (2 times)
NG-MAST (2 times)
AuSeTTS (1 time)
2011 Adjusted Wallace coefficient as a measure of congruence between typing methods.
25  alveolar wall
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
DPC (1 time)
DPC ether (1 time)
1982 Pulmonary vascular morphology in shunted and nonshunted patients with tetralogy of Fallot.
26  Anderson-Weiss
(4 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
CODEX (1 time)
CPMAS (1 time)
DIPSHIFT (1 time)
2008 Intermediate motions as studied by solid-state separated local field NMR experiments.
27  Anderson-Wilkins
(4 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
AMI (3 times)
ECG (2 times)
GI3 (1 time)
1999 Combined historical and electrocardiographic timing of acute anterior and inferior myocardial infarcts for prediction of reperfusion achievable size limitation.
28  Approach-Withdrawal
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
EEG (3 times)
EI (3 times)
GSR (2 times)
2016 A pilot study on the neurometric evaluation of "effective" and "ineffective" antismoking public service announcements.
29  aromatic water
(4 times)
Biological Factors
(1 time)
CE (2 times)
EO (1 time)
GC (1 time)
2014 In vivo study of the efficacy of the aromatic water of Zataria multiflora on hydatid cysts.
30  Atlantic Wood
(4 times)
Toxicology
(4 times)
PAH (2 times)
AhR (1 time)
ERSE (1 time)
2000 DNA adducts in hematopoietic tissues and blood of the mummichog (Fundulus heteroclitus) from a creosote-contaminated site in the Elizabeth River, Virginia.
31  autumn-winter
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
SS (3 times)
BAC (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2002 Baclofen prevents morphine withdrawal irrespective of seasonal variation.
32  absolute weight
(3 times)
Biology
(1 time)
BIB (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
IBW (1 time)
2010 [Evaluation of androstenedione adrenal content and effects of castration on the domestic rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus)].
33  acetone:water
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
WP (2 times)
EW (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2012 Fractionation of sugarcane bagasse using a combined process of dilute acid and ionic liquid treatments.
34  Actiwatch
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(3 times)
PA (2 times)
AC (1 time)
AG (1 time)
2004 Prediction of activity energy expenditure using accelerometers in children.
35  actual weight
(3 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
BMI (2 times)
BSA (2 times)
CAPD (2 times)
1988 Accuracy of self-reported weight in a non-normal population.
36  adequate weight
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
OB (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
FFA (1 time)
2014 [Profile of free fatty acids (FFA) in serum of young Colombians with obesity and metabolic syndrome].
37  albumen weight
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
EW (3 times)
YW (3 times)
BWSM (1 time)
2005 Heritabilities and genetic and phenotypic correlations of egg quality traits in brown-egg dwarf layers.
38  alert wakefulness
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
NREM (3 times)
QW (3 times)
EEG (2 times)
2011 A restricted parabrachial pontine region is active during non-rapid eye movement sleep.
39  aortic wall
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
DC (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
1997 Differential calcification of cusps and aortic wall of failed stented porcine bioprosthetic valves.
40  arch width
(3 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
AH (1 time)
AI (1 time)
2007 The dentition and occlusal development in children of african american descent.
41  artificial wetland
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
BZs (1 time)
CBF (1 time)
FB (1 time)
2008 Artificial wetlands performance: nitrogen removal.
42  atrial width
(3 times)
Perinatology
(2 times)
CAD (1 time)
CAHM (1 time)
EGA (1 time)
1997 Early prenatal diagnosis of hydrocephalus.
43  Attended With
(3 times)
Geriatrics
(3 times)
HTS (3 times)
CI (1 time)
2017 Attended With and Head-Turning Sign can be clinical markers of cognitive impairment in older adults.
44  abdomen width
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BDL (1 time)
BH (1 time)
BL (1 time)
2014 Identification of transcriptome-derived microsatellite markers and their association with the growth performance of the mud crab (Scylla paramamosain).
45  ablative width
(2 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AFR (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2014 Fractional ablative erbium YAG laser: histological characterization of relationships between laser settings and micropore dimensions.
46  acetabular width
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
FAL (1 time)
FSD (1 time)
FSW (1 time)
2001 Influence of the upper femur and pelvic geometry on the risk and type of hip fractures.
47  acid wash
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CT-AIT (1 time)
FA (1 time)
TAGC (1 time)
2018 Inactivation of Salmonella in grape tomato stem scars by organic acid wash and chitosan-allyl isothiocyanate coating.
48  acid whey
(2 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
--- 2015 Properties of acid whey as a function of pH and temperature.
49  acidic pH water
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
NW (2 times)
SFB (2 times)
nAg (1 time)
2014 pH of drinking water influences the composition of gut microbiome and type 1 diabetes incidence.
50  acute wheezing
(2 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
FNT (1 time)
IB (1 time)
MDI (1 time)
1987 Use of nebulized bronchodilators in infants under 1 year of age: analysis of four forms of therapy.
51  acute wound
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
CW (1 time)
DFU (1 time)
DM (1 time)
2006 Numerous keratinocyte subtypes involved in wound re-epithelialization.
52  adenoma weight
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
BPH (1 time)
Ca (1 time)
1992 Is intravenous urography mandatory in the management of benign prostatic hyperplasia?
53  adjusted weight
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
BW (1 time)
IW (1 time)
PILE (1 time)
1988 Progressive isoinertial lifting evaluation. I. A standardized protocol and normative database.
54  adrenal weight
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
BW (2 times)
CRH (2 times)
DEX (2 times)
1994 Corticotropin secretagogues facilitate recovery of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis suppressed by prolonged treatment with dexamethasone.
55  agriculture workers
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
BG (1 time)
DET (1 time)
DTI (1 time)
2013 Biomonitoring short- and long-term exposure to the herbicide terbuthylazine in agriculture workers and in the general population using urine and hair specimens.
56  AIDS wasting
(2 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(1 time)
AIDS (1 time)
QOL (1 time)
rhGH (1 time)
2000 A team approach to the treatment of AIDS wasting.
57  air/water partition coefficients, K
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
--- 2004 Aqueous solubility, Henry's law constants and air/water partition coefficients of n-octane and two halogenated octanes.
58  airway wall area
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
EB-OCT (1 time)
ER (1 time)
LuB (1 time)
1992 Morphometric changes during the early airway response to allergen challenge in the rat.
59  Akaike weights
(2 times)
Radiotherapy
(1 time)
AIC (1 time)
EUD (1 time)
LDE (1 time)
2012 The Akaike information criterion in DCE-MRI: does it improve the haemodynamic parameter estimates?
60  alcohol wastewater
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ADSW (2 times)
C. pyrenoidosa (1 time)
2015 Nutrients removal and lipids production by Chlorella pyrenoidosa cultivation using anaerobic digested starch wastewater and alcohol wastewater.
61  alcohol withdrawal syndrome
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ISDN (1 time)
SPSNPCH (1 time)
2003 Altered cardiovascular responses to nitrosorbide in alcohol withdrawal.
62  alveolar wall arteries
(2 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
RMT (2 times)
SIDS (2 times)
PA (1 time)
2002 Medial smooth muscle thickness in small pulmonary arteries in sudden infant death syndrome revisited.
63  ambient water
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ASC (1 time)
CTRL (1 time)
LA (1 time)
CH3OH + Cl-. -->2003 Hybrid QM/MM molecular dynamics simulations for an ionic SN2 reaction in the supercritical water: OH- + CH3Cl --> CH3OH + Cl-.
64  ammonia water
(2 times)
Nanotechnology
(1 time)
C-dots (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2015 A simple strategy for synthesizing highly luminescent carbon nanodots and application as effective down-shifting layers.
65  amphetamine withdrawal
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
FST (2 times)
7-NI (1 time)
AG (1 time)
2016 NMDA receptors are involved in the antidepressant-like effects of capsaicin following amphetamine withdrawal in male mice.
66  androgen withdrawal
(2 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
ADT (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2010 Nrdp1-mediated regulation of ErbB3 expression by the androgen receptor in androgen-dependent but not castrate-resistant prostate cancer cells.
67  animal wastes
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
FS (2 times)
SS (2 times)
HW (1 time)
2001 Application of waste ashes to agricultural land--effect of incineration temperature on chemical characteristics.
68  anogenital wart
(2 times)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 2010 [Topical imiquimod for the treatment of anogenital warts in an infant].
69  anterior width
(2 times)
Anthropology
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
LENG (1 time)
PL (1 time)
1997 Comparative review of gnathometric characteristics in total dentures and eugnathic subjects.
70  anteroseptal wall
(2 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CAD (2 times)
CAG (2 times)
IW (2 times)
1992 [Dipyridamole Tc-99m MIBI myocardial perfusion scintigraphy in patients with post-infarction chest pain symptom].
71  apatite-wollastonite containing glass ceramic
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
ALP (1 time)
FCS (1 time)
HA/AW (1 time)
1996 Bone-bonding behavior of plasma-sprayed coatings of BioglassR, AW-glass ceramic, and tricalcium phosphate on titanium alloy.
72  apple waste
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
DCW (1 time)
OW (1 time)
PSW (1 time)
2016 Evaluation of productivity and antioxidant profile of solid-state cultivated macrofungi Pleurotus albidus and Pycnoporus sanguineus.
73  appropriate weight
(2 times)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BW (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2012 Effects of circuit-based exercise programs on the body composition of elderly obese women.
74  area-weighted
(2 times)
Metabolism
(1 time)
DW (1 time)
FE (1 time)
MW (1 time)
2012 Development of quantitative computed-tomography-based strength indicators for the identification of low bone-strength individuals in a clinical environment.
75  area-wide
(2 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
SBW (1 time)
2016 Sustainable Management of Subterranean Termite Populations (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) in Armstrong Park, New Orleans, With Durable Baits.
76  Arnsberger Wald
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DOC (1 time)
DOM (1 time)
HO (1 time)
2002 On-site classification of humic-rich hydrocolloids and their metal species by means of online multistage ultrafiltration.
77  arterial wall
(2 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
FMD (1 time)
IVCFs (1 time)
2015 Long-term improvement of arterial wall characteristics in patients with diabetes mellitus type 1 using cyclic, intermittent treatment with a low-dose fluvastatin and valsartan combination.
78  average weight
(2 times)
Obesity
(1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
OW (1 time)
TBP (1 time)
1985 Induction of urinary bladder hyperplasia in Sprague-Dawley rats orally administered tri-n-butyl phosphate.
79  awake state
(2 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
ECoG (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
FB (1 time)
1980 Respiratory response to somatic stimulation in fetal lambs during sleep and wakefulness.
80  azygos width
(2 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
VPW (2 times)
mRAP (1 time)
TBV (1 time)
1984 The vascular pedicle of the heart and the vena azygos. Part I: The normal subject.
81  4'-aminowarfarin
(1 time)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
AGAW (1 time)
1991 Renal selective N-acetyl-L-gamma-glutamyl prodrugs. III. N-acetyl-L-gamma-glutamyl-4'-aminowarfarin is not targeted to the kidney but is selectively excreted into the bile.
82  A. woodii
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AW-HTS (1 time)
HTS (1 time)
2014 A novel way to utilize hydrogen and carbon dioxide in acidogenic reactor through homoacetogenesis.
83  abdomen writhing
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
WDS (1 time)
2008 Effect of testosterone on morphine withdrawal syndrome in rats.
84  ability to walk
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
--- 2019 25(OH) vitamin D and functional outcomes in older adults admitted to rehabilitation units: the safari study.
85  ablation work
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
MWA (1 time)
2018 In vivo percutaneous microwave ablation in kidneys: Correlation with ex vivo data and ablation work.
86  abomasal wall
(1 time)
Parasitology
(1 time)
ALN (1 time)
AP (1 time)
BE (1 time)
2011 Decrease in establishment of Haemonchus contortus caused by inoculation of a Taenia hydatigena larvae vesicular concentrate.
87  Abrupt weaning
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GW (1 time)
1983 Gradual versus abrupt weaning from respiratory support in acute respiratory failure and advanced chronic obstructive lung disease.
88  abrupt withdrawal group
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
GW (1 time)
1997 Evolution of blood coagulation and fibrinolysis parameters after abrupt versus gradual withdrawal of acenocoumarol in patients with venous thromboembolism: a double-blind randomized study.
89  academic work
(1 time)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
CF (1 time)
DES (1 time)
FA (1 time)
2004 Stressful life events of dental students and salivary immunoglobulin A.
90  academic workload
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
EFA (1 time)
SRLS (1 time)
2018 Do reciprocal relationships between academic workload and self-regulated learning predict medical freshmen's achievement? A longitudinal study on the educational transition from secondary school to medical school.
91  acetonitrile/water
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CCs (1 time)
MW (1 time)
2011 Effect of HPLC binary mobile phase composition on the analysis of carbonyls.
92  acetowhite
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
CV-LSA (1 time)
FCM (1 time)
JI (1 time)
2018 Acetowhite region segmentation in uterine cervix images using a registered ratio image.
93  acetylated wood powder
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
NAW (1 time)
2016 Effects of acetylated wood powder on growth performance, hepatic and muscular free amino acid profiles, and inosine 5'-monophosphate concentration of breast meat in broiler chickens.
94  Achillea wilhelmsii
(1 time)
Biomedical Technology
(1 time)
hTERT (1 time)
IC50 (1 time)
PCa (1 time)
2017 Effect of Achillea wilhelmsii extract on expression of the human telomerase reverse transcriptase mRNA in the PC3 prostate cancer cell line.
95  acid water
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CHX (1 time)
1996 Inhibitory effects of acid water prepared by an electrolysis apparatus on early plaque formation on specimens of dentine.
96  acidic wall protein
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
--- 1997 Regulation of cell wall glucanase activities by non-enzymic proteins in maize coleoptiles.
97  acidified drinking water
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ACTH (1 time)
CORT (1 time)
LDC (1 time)
2017 Light and water are not simple conditions: fine tuning of animal housing in male C57BL/6 mice.
98  acidified water
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
AWE (1 time)
AWF (1 time)
AWFE (1 time)
2012 Hydration profile and influence of beverage contents on fluid intake by women during outdoor recreational walking.
99  acoustic window
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ICSs (1 time)
LVESVI (1 time)
2011 Clinical factors and echocardiographic techniques related to the presence, size, and location of acoustic windows for leadless cardiac pacing.
100  acting White
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Cultural invalidations: Deconstructing the "acting White" phenomenon among Black and Latinx college students.