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Abbreviation: AZ
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Long forms: 119

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
active zone
(116 times)
Neurology
(38 times)
SV (22 times)
SVs (16 times)
CAZ (10 times)
1988 [Nonuniformity of the fine structure of various portions of the nerve terminal in frog somatic muscles as the basis for the variation in its efficiency].
acetazolamide
(112 times)
Physiology
(22 times)
CA (30 times)
AMS (5 times)
CBF (5 times)
1976 Lithium administration and phosphate excretion.
abscission zone
(103 times)
Botany
(51 times)
IAA (11 times)
ET (9 times)
ABA (7 times)
1995 Characterization of abscission zones in the flowers and fruits of peach [Prunus persica (L.) Batsch].
azithromycin
(89 times)
Drug Therapy
(11 times)
HCQ (13 times)
CQ (12 times)
COVID-19 (9 times)
1988 Comparative in vitro potencies of nine new macrolides.
antizyme
(66 times)
Biochemistry
(24 times)
ODC (48 times)
AZI (17 times)
Asn (2 times)
1994 ATP- and antizyme-dependent endoproteolysis of ornithine decarboxylase to oligopeptides by the 26 S proteasome.
azathioprine
(59 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(12 times)
MP (10 times)
CY (8 times)
CsA (6 times)
1975 Properties of bispecific rosette-forming cells. I.--Presence of T-lymphocyte markers.
Arizona
(39 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
CA (10 times)
GA (5 times)
OK (4 times)
1990 Cohort study of thyroid disease near the Nevada Test Site: a preliminary report.
azoxystrobin
(30 times)
Environmental Health
(17 times)
PYR (4 times)
KM (3 times)
PY (3 times)
2009 Subnanomolar inhibitor of cytochrome bc1 complex designed by optimizing interaction with conformationally flexible residues.
AstraZeneca
(24 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
SARS-CoV-2 (3 times)
HIT (2 times)
PF4 (2 times)
2006 A randomized controlled trial comparing two educational booklets on prostate cancer.
10  Azone
(19 times)
Pharmacology
(18 times)
PG (4 times)
OA (3 times)
SC (3 times)
1985 Enhancing effect of absorption promoters on percutaneous absorption of a model dye (6-carboxyfluorescein) as poorly absorbable drugs. II. Study on the absorption promoting effect of azone.
11  atrazine
(13 times)
Toxicology
(6 times)
X. laevis (5 times)
CD (2 times)
circRNAs (2 times)
2000 Role of prolactin in chloro-S-triazine rat mammary tumorigenesis.
12  anterior zone
(12 times)
Urology
(6 times)
PZ (10 times)
NZ (6 times)
CZ (5 times)
2005 Development of Hsp25 expression compartments is not constrained by Purkinje cell defects in the Lurcher mouse mutant.
13  azelastine
(12 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
DAZ (3 times)
TNF-alpha (2 times)
AR (1 time)
1992 Pharmacokinetics of azelastine and its active metabolite, desmethylazelastine, in guinea pigs.
14  ablation zone
(10 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
HCC (3 times)
LTP (3 times)
MWA (3 times)
1998 Accuracy of visual correction in photorefractive keratectomy.
15  azelnidipine
(8 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
CCB (5 times)
BP (4 times)
AM (3 times)
2008 Combination therapy with renin-angiotensin system inhibitors and the calcium channel blocker azelnidipine decreases plasma inflammatory markers and urinary oxidative stress markers in patients with diabetic nephropathy.
16  anastrozole
(7 times)
Urology
(3 times)
LH (3 times)
CC (2 times)
FSH (2 times)
2012 Spectral characterization of the binding and conformational changes of serum albumins upon interaction with an anticancer drug, anastrozole.
17  azide
(7 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AHF (1 time)
ARF (1 time)
CE (1 time)
1993 Sodium azide protects against ischemia-induced acute renal failure in rats.
18  asthenozoospermia
(6 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(4 times)
NZ (3 times)
OZ (2 times)
TAZ (2 times)
2013 Altered DNA methylation patterns of the H19 differentially methylated region and the DAZL gene promoter are associated with defective human sperm.
19  azelastine hydrochloride
(6 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
OME (2 times)
ANOVA (1 time)
BUD (1 time)
1990 [Magnesium deficiency dermatitis--changes in leukotriene levels and effects of azelastine hydrochloride on the dermatitis and leukotriene B4].
20  aztreonam
(6 times)
Drug Therapy
(3 times)
AM (1 time)
AMP (1 time)
AZ-EACA (1 time)
1983 Comparative study of aztreonam and cefamandole in the treatment of serious urinary tract infections.
21  Assemblage Zone
(5 times)
Science
(3 times)
CONOP (1 time)
CT (1 time)
LIP (1 time)
2015 A new prozostrodontian cynodont (Therapsida) from the Late Triassic Riograndia Assemblage Zone (Santa Maria Supersequence) of Southern Brazil.
22  acetyl zingerone
(4 times)
Dermatology
(3 times)
CPDs (1 time)
MMP (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2019 A Zingerone Analog, Acetyl Zingerone, BolstersMatrisome Synthesis, Inhibits MatrixMetallopeptidases, and Represses IL-17ATarget Gene Expression.
23  alizarin
(4 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
AB (1 time)
ATR-FTIR (1 time)
BFT-ZrO2 (1 time)
2017 Kinetic and isotherm studies on adsorption of toxic pollutants using porous ZnO@SiO2 monolith.
24  azadirachtin
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
EC (1 time)
ppm (1 time)
WP (1 time)
1998 Ovicidal activity of neem products (azadirachtin) against Culex tarsalis and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae).
25  azimilide
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AM (1 time)
ATE (1 time)
ATP (1 time)
1999 Use-dependent 'agonist' effect of azimilide on the HERG channel.
26  azoospermia
(4 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
OS (2 times)
ART (1 time)
AS (1 time)
2001 [Peroxidation components of sperm lipid membranes in male infertility].
27  azurocidin
(4 times)
Rheumatology
(3 times)
BPI (3 times)
ANA (1 time)
ANCA (1 time)
2000 Clinical associations and characterisation of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies directed against bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein and azurocidin.
28  absorbed zinc
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
FAZ (2 times)
EZP (1 time)
MNP (1 time)
2004 Zinc absorption as a function of the dose of zinc sulfate in aqueous solution.
29  aganglionic zone
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
TZ (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2001 Assessment of the colon innervation with serial biopsies above the aganglionic zone before the pull-through procedure in Hirschsprung's disease.
30  albendazole
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
Fa (2 times)
GF (2 times)
AR (1 time)
2013 Species differences in the dissolution and absorption of griseofulvin and albendazole, biopharmaceutics classification system class II drugs, in the gastrointestinal tract.
31  Alemtuzumab
(3 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
aHR (2 times)
aOR (1 time)
ATG (1 time)
2013 Alemtuzumab induction in simultaneous pancreas and kidney transplantation.
32  artificial zeolite
(3 times)
Technology
(2 times)
BZ (1 time)
Cd (1 time)
COD (1 time)
2018 The effect of simulated acid rain on the stabilization of cadmium in contaminated agricultural soils treated with stabilizing agents.
33  Azetidine 2-carboxylic acid
(3 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
GK (1 time)
1977 Effect of azetidine 2-carboxylic Acid on ion uptake and ion release to the xylem of excised barley roots.
34  acrosomal zone
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
DTT (1 time)
FS (1 time)
MAFA (1 time)
1993 Antigenic determinants of human sperm tail fibrous sheath proteins.
35  adequate in zinc
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
LZ (2 times)
14C-OA (1 time)
alpha-TP (1 time)
2001 Intraduodenal infusion of lysophosphatidylcholine restores the intestinal absorption of vitamins A and E in rats fed a low-zinc diet.
36  alprazolam
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BDZs (1 time)
BZ (1 time)
DZ (1 time)
1985 Psychomotor effects of alprazolam and diazepam during acute and subacute treatment, and during the follow-up phase.
37  annulus of Zinn
(2 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
AEA (1 time)
CS (1 time)
EEA (1 time)
2011 Endoscopic orientation of the parasellar region in sphenoid sinus with ill-defined bony landmarks: an anatomic study.
38  Antarctic Zone
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
PFZ (2 times)
DGGE (1 time)
FISH (1 time)
2005 Ecological and biogeographic relationships of class Flavobacteria in the Southern Ocean.
39  Argumentative Zoning
(2 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
BIO-TM (1 time)
CoreSC (1 time)
CRA (1 time)
2011 A comparison and user-based evaluation of models of textual information structure in the context of cancer risk assessment.
40  astemizole
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
4-MH (1 time)
AG (1 time)
CN (1 time)
1993 Histaminergic drugs in the rat caudate nucleus: effects on learned helplessness.
41  autonomous zone
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
CA (2 times)
OZ (1 time)
1982 Electrophysiologic studies of cutaneous nerves of the forelimb of the cat.
42  azacitidine
(2 times)
Antineoplastic Agents
(1 time)
AML (1 time)
AMSA (1 time)
ANLL (1 time)
1991 Toxicity trials of amsacrine (AMSA) and etoposide +/- azacitidine (AZ) in childhood acute non-lymphocytic leukemia (ANLL): a pilot study.
43  azamethiphos
(2 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
ChE (1 time)
CP (1 time)
DM (1 time)
1991 Effects of azamethiphos, an organophosphorus insecticide, on serum cholinesterase activity and isoenzymes in the rat.
44  Azelaic acid
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
RQ (1 time)
Tau (1 time)
1989 Preliminary studies of a dicarboxylic acid as an energy substrate in man.
45  azilsartan
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
AZM (1 time)
CDDP (1 time)
CLT (1 time)
2015 Simultaneous determination of azilsartan and chlorthalidone in rat and human plasma by liquid chromatography-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry.
46  azimilide dihydrochloride
(2 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
ALIVE (1 time)
ATP (1 time)
2004 Azimilide decreases recurrent ventricular tachyarrhythmias in patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators.
47  azimuth
(2 times)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
(1 time)
EL (1 time)
MR (1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
1990 Direction-dependent spectral properties of cat external ear: new data and cross-species comparisons.
48  azinphos-methyl
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
AChE (1 time)
AT (1 time)
CA (1 time)
2002 Kinetic parameters of OPT pesticide desulfuration by c-DNA expressed human CYPs.
49  aziridine
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AEDP (1 time)
APTES (1 time)
BEA (1 time)
1995 1H NMR spectroscopic studies on the reactions of haloalkylamines with bicarbonate ions: formation of N-carbamates and 2-oxazolidones in cell culture media and blood plasma.
50  azlocillin
(2 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
CARr (1 time)
CARs (1 time)
CEF (1 time)
1980 In vitro evaluation of new penicillins and cephalosporins upon P. aeruginosa and their interaction with mecillinam.
51  azulene
(2 times)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
BCI (1 time)
beta-CD (1 time)
gamma-CD (1 time)
2005 A spectroscopic study of the inclusion of azulene by beta- and gamma-cyclodextrins.
52  Oxford-AstraZeneca
(2 times)
Virology
(1 time)
BNT (1 time)
NAb (1 time)
PRNT (1 time)
2022 An Analysis of Serological Response and Infection Outcomes Following Oxford-AstraZeneca (AZD1222) and Pfizer-BioNTech (mRNA BNT162b2) SARS-CoV-2 Vaccines in Kidney and Kidney-pancreas Transplants.
53  1,6-anthrazoline
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2021 1,6-Anthrazoline-Linked pi-Conjugated Macrocycles and Two-Dimensional Polymer via Friedlander Synthesis.
54  1-azakenpaullone
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2019 GSK3beta controls the timing and pattern of the fifth spiral cleavage at the 2-4 cell stage in Lymnaea stagnalis.
55  5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
AhR (1 time)
TRE (1 time)
WIF-1 (1 time)
2011 Suppression of WIF-1 through promoter hypermethylation causes accelerated proliferation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) overexpressing MCF10AT1 breast cancer cells.
56  5-azacytidine
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
DMSO (1 time)
LiCl (1 time)
PMA (1 time)
2010 Exposure to cardiomyogenic stimuli fails to transdifferentiate human umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells.
57  8-azaguanine
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
AMP (1 time)
GMP (1 time)
HGPRT (1 time)
1984 Modulation of enzyme activity in azaguanine-resistant V79 cells selected by chronic drug exposure.
58  abandoned zone
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
IZ (1 time)
NZ (1 time)
2016 Selection of a suitable plant for phytoremediation in mining artisanal zones.
59  access zone
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
BS (1 time)
MSs (1 time)
RS (1 time)
2021 Relay Positioning for Load-Balancing and Throughput Enhancement in Dual-Hop Relay Networks.
60  acid zeolite
(1 time)
Minerals
(1 time)
Ap (1 time)
SL (1 time)
SZ (1 time)
2006 Reduction of availability of trace metals in urban soils using inorganic amendments.
61  acid-treated zeolites
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CLDH (1 time)
NZ (1 time)
SAR (1 time)
2017 Synergistic desalination of potash brine-impacted groundwater using a dual adsorbent.
62  activated zeolite
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
beta-CD (1 time)
CCD (1 time)
CCDMZ (1 time)
2009 Surface modification of zeolite with beta-cyclodextrin for removal of p-nitrophenol from aqueous solution.
63  activated zone
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 1997 ZO-1 reorganization and myofibroblast transformation of corneal endothelial cells after freeze injury in the cat.
64  Addis Zemen
(1 time)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
MW (1 time)
RAPD (1 time)
VL (1 time)
2013 Phlebotomus orientalis sand flies from two geographically distant Ethiopian localities: biology, genetic analyses and susceptibility to Leishmania donovani.
65  adequate zinc diet
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AEC (1 time)
HS (1 time)
LZ (1 time)
2003 Effects of different levels of zinc on the performance and immunocompetence of broilers under heat stress.
66  adsorption zone
(1 time)
BF (1 time)
FIR (1 time)
HB (1 time)
2020 Simultaneous removal of bioaerosols, odors and volatile organic compounds from a wastewater treatment plant by a full-scale integrated reactor.
67  afzelin
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AM (1 time)
AP (1 time)
AR (1 time)
2017 Phytochemical Analysis of Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb, Its Antioxidant Activity and Aldose Reductase Inhibitory Potential.
68  Ag/ZnO nanoparticles
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2021 A Novel Developed Bioactive Composite Resin Containing Silver/Zinc Oxide (Ag/ZnO) Nanoparticles as an Antimicrobial Material against Streptococcus mutans, Lactobacillus, and Candida albicans.
69  Agriculture zone
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2016 Liver histological changes and lipid peroxidation in the amphibian Ambystoma mexicanum induced by sediment elutriates from the Lake Xochimilco.
70  Alberti-Znidersic
(1 time)
Anthropology
(1 time)
DB (1 time)
LR (1 time)
2005 Effect of honeybee broods (queen-bee different lineage) moving on disease development at various beehive types and allergy reaction cause in humans.
71  alignment zone
(1 time)
Optometry
(1 time)
ortho-k (1 time)
PZ (1 time)
RGP (1 time)
2005 Topographical mapping and in-office modification in the management of an orthokeratology patient.
72  Alpinia zerumbet
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
HDL-C (1 time)
SP (1 time)
2008 Alpinia zerumbet potentially elevates high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level in hamsters.
73  alter lung levels ofantizyme
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
ODC (1 time)
1999 Glucocorticoid regulation of ornithine decarboxylase in the postnatal rat lung.
74  Alumina-zirconia
(1 time)
--- 2013 Elaboration of Alumina-Zirconia Composites: Role of the Zirconia Content on the Microstructure and Mechanical Properties.
75  Alzheimer's disease
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
CEA (1 time)
Con A (1 time)
CSF (1 time)
1993 Abnormal glycosylation of alpha 2-macroglobulin, a non-acute-phase protein in patients with autoimmune diseases.
76  Amarillo Zamorano
(1 time)
NGS (1 time)
OTUs (1 time)
2020 The Bacterial Community Associated with the Amarillo Zamorano Maize (Zea mays) Landrace Silage Process.
77  ambulatory zone
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BNT (1 time)
CPT (1 time)
FAC (1 time)
2017 Prediction of post-stroke functional mobility from the initial assessment of cognitive function.
78  amorphous zones
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
RDF (1 time)
2000 Structure analysis by diffraction of amorphous zones created by Ni ion implantation into pure Al
79  androgenized
(1 time)
Reproductive Medicine
(1 time)
FSH (1 time)
LH (1 time)
PCO (1 time)
1987 Systematic studies invalidate the neonatally androgenized rat as a model for polycystic ovary disease.
80  annual flowering zone
(1 time)
Plants
(1 time)
LBs (1 time)
TAGs (1 time)
2021 Glycerolipid profile differences between perennial and annual stem zones in the perennial model plant Arabis alpina.
81  annual growth zone
(1 time)
Botany
(1 time)
PZ (1 time)
2020 Cytokinin-promoted secondary growth and nutrient storage in the perennial stem zone of Arabis alpina.
82  apparent zenith
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
--- 2010 Influence of multisensory graviceptive information on the apparent zenith.
83  apposition zone
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
DG (1 time)
HFS (1 time)
LTD (1 time)
2010 Alterations in synaptic curvature in the dentate gyrus following induction of long-term potentiation, long-term depression, and treatment with the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist CPP.
84  arm span Z-score
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
HZ (1 time)
Pi (1 time)
XLH (1 time)
2020 X-Linked Hypophosphatemia: Uniquely Mild Disease Associated With PHEX 3'-UTR Mutation c.*231A>G (A Retrospective Case-Control Study).
85  artisanal Zn smelting process
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
ISP (1 time)
RZ (1 time)
2010 Mercury emission to atmosphere from primary Zn production in China.
86  AstraZeneca R&D Charnwood
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2011 Lipophilicity of acidic compounds: impact of ion pair partitioning on drug design.
87  AstraZeneca Vaxzevria
(1 time)
PB (1 time)
SE (1 time)
SP (1 time)
2021 Side Effects Reported by Jordanian Healthcare Workers Who Received COVID-19 Vaccines.
88  atrophic zones
(1 time)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CS (1 time)
GA (1 time)
RP (1 time)
2016 Subretinal mononuclear phagocytes induce cone segment loss via IL-1beta.
89  attenuation zone
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
FE (1 time)
VEL (1 time)
2022 Ground vibration from freight railway: environmental impact and potential mitigation measure at propagation path.
90  avascular zone
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AHA (1 time)
FEA (1 time)
IOP (1 time)
2004 Development of the primate area of high acuity. 1. Use of finite element analysis models to identify mechanical variables affecting pit formation.
91  average Z-score
(1 time)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
ASZ (1 time)
GMB (1 time)
RGB (1 time)
2008 A machine-learning approach to combined evidence validation of genome assemblies.
92  Aybek-Zumrutbas
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
BMG (1 time)
FUS (1 time)
2021 The outcomes of three buccal mucosal graft urethroplasty techniques in women with urethral stricture disease.
93  AZ group
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
NLS (2 times)
AKI (1 time)
Bi (1 time)
2009 A comparison of sodium bicarbonate infusion versus normal saline infusion and its combination with oral acetazolamide for prevention of contrast-induced nephropathy: a randomized, double-blind trial.
94  AZ Primer
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
MP (1 time)
SU (1 time)
ZP (1 time)
2013 The potential of novel primers and universal adhesives to bond to zirconia.
95  azacyclonol
(1 time)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
TOH (1 time)
2000 Analysis of hydroxylated and N-dealkylated metabolites of terfenadine in microsomal incubates by liquid chromatography--mass spectrometry.
96  Azadirachta indica
(1 time)
AV (1 time)
CP (1 time)
IVOMD (1 time)
2020 Gas Production, Digestibility and Efficacy of Stored or Fresh Plant Extracts to Reduce Methane Production on Different Substrates.
97  azaperone-ketamine
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
beta-NTP (1 time)
PB (1 time)
PCr (1 time)
1991 Time-dependent effects of anesthetic agents on 31P NMR high-energy phosphates in KHT and RIF-1 fibrosarcomas.
98  Azegzaw
(1 time)
Plant Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
AV (1 time)
TH (1 time)
VOC (1 time)
2021 Comparative Study of Fig Volatile Compounds Using Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction-Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry: Effects of Cultivars and Ripening Stages.
99  Azeri
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
GO (1 time)
KHZ (1 time)
ROH (1 time)
2020 Genomic measures of inbreeding coefficients and genome-wide scan for runs of homozygosity islands in Iranian river buffalo, Bubalus bubalis.
100  azetidinium
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2021 Mixing of Azetidinium in Formamidinium Tin Triiodide Perovskite Solar Cells for Enhanced Photovoltaic Performance and High Stability in Air.