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Abbreviation: BA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
biliary atresia
(1045 times)
Pediatrics
(500 times)
LT (90 times)
KP (42 times)
KPE (36 times)
1978 Alpha fetoprotein in the differentiation of neonatal hepatitis and biliary atresia: current status and implications for the pathogenesis of these disorders.
basilar artery
(654 times)
Neurology
(192 times)
MCA (123 times)
VA (115 times)
SAH (89 times)
1980 Basilar artery occlusion in multiple trauma: case report.
bile acid
(653 times)
Gastroenterology
(159 times)
FXR (113 times)
CA (34 times)
UDCA (31 times)
1976 Relationship between bile acid malabsorption and pancreatic insufficiency in cystic fibrosis.
bronchial asthma
(561 times)
Therapeutics
(124 times)
AR (61 times)
AD (48 times)
COPD (32 times)
1978 The influence of corticotherapy on mitogen induced lymphocytotoxicity in bronchial asthma.
Brodmann area
(546 times)
Neurology
(201 times)
fMRI (81 times)
PET (28 times)
rCBF (28 times)
1985 Specific binding of [3H]phenytoin in the human brain.
benzyladenine
(317 times)
Botany
(128 times)
MS (103 times)
NAA (91 times)
IAA (49 times)
1969 Influence of Benzyladenine, Leaf Darkening, and Ringing on Movement of C-labeled Assimilates Into Expanded Leaves of Vitis vinifera L.
Betulinic acid
(284 times)
Pharmacology
(59 times)
ROS (19 times)
UA (17 times)
OA (10 times)
1997 Betulinic acid triggers CD95 (APO-1/Fas)- and p53-independent apoptosis via activation of caspases in neuroectodermal tumors.
benzoic acid
(272 times)
Environmental Health
(44 times)
SA (48 times)
PA (21 times)
CA (16 times)
1977 The specificity of carrier-mediated auxin transport by suspension-cultured crown gall cells.
bone age
(272 times)
Pediatrics
(119 times)
CA (132 times)
GH (36 times)
SDS (36 times)
1979 Prediction of adult height with various methods in Finnish children.
10  bone area
(225 times)
Orthopedics
(63 times)
BMC (124 times)
BMD (82 times)
BIC (56 times)
1994 Changes in bone mass early after kidney transplantation.
11  balloon angioplasty
(199 times)
Cardiology
(129 times)
TLR (29 times)
DES (22 times)
ISR (21 times)
1984 Transluminal balloon coarctation angioplasty: experience with 27 patients.
12  bioavailability
(185 times)
Pharmacology
(123 times)
BE (31 times)
IR (19 times)
PK (16 times)
1984 [Comparative studies on the bioavailability of various drug forms of phenylbutazone and clofezone (Perclusone)].
13  brachial artery
(179 times)
Cardiology
(35 times)
FMD (36 times)
IMT (15 times)
CAD (13 times)
1981 Hemodynamic effects of disopyramide at rest and during exercise in normal subjects.
14  boric acid
(157 times)
Environmental Health
(30 times)
ESBL (8 times)
Ca (7 times)
ESBLs (7 times)
1993 The effects of boric acid (BA) on testicular cells in culture.
15  behavioral activation
(148 times)
Psychiatry
(47 times)
CBT (19 times)
MDD (14 times)
TAU (8 times)
1996 A component analysis of cognitive-behavioral treatment for depression.
16  benz(a)anthracene
(137 times)
Pharmacology
(39 times)
BP (34 times)
DMBA (27 times)
AHH (24 times)
1977 Relationships of quantum mechanical calculations, relative mutagenicity of benzo[a]anthracene diol epoxides, and "bay region" concept of aromatic hydrocarbon carcinogenicity.
17  butyric acid
(112 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
PA (10 times)
RA (8 times)
TB (8 times)
1981 Differentiation of Friend erythroleukemic cells in media lacking fetal calf serum.
18  butyl acrylate
(108 times)
Chemistry
(29 times)
MMA (30 times)
AA (10 times)
ATRP (8 times)
1985 Hydrolysis of several glycol ether acetates and acrylate esters by nasal mucosal carboxylesterase in vitro.
19  biogenic amines
(104 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(31 times)
LAB (13 times)
AMN (4 times)
CA (3 times)
1975 Use of the analytical electron microscope (AEM) in cytochemical studies of the central nervous system.
20  6-benzylaminopurine
(89 times)
Botany
(45 times)
NAA (29 times)
MS (25 times)
IBA (19 times)
1976 Effect of Benzyladenine, 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid, and d-Glucose on myo-Inositol Metabolism in Acer pseudoplatanus L. Cells Grown in Suspension Culture.
21  benzyl alcohol
(84 times)
Pharmacology
(19 times)
BB (6 times)
TA (6 times)
DMSO (5 times)
1982 Effects of benzyl alcohol on phosphatidylcholine lamellar phase with different water contents.
22  Baicalin
(82 times)
Pharmacology
(23 times)
JA (9 times)
ROS (6 times)
BE (5 times)
1993 Inhibition of HIV infection by baicalin--a flavonoid compound purified from Chinese herbal medicine.
23  bottom ash
(75 times)
Environmental Health
(59 times)
FA (17 times)
MSW (17 times)
MSWI (16 times)
2001 Utilisation of bottom ash in road construction: evaluation of the environmental impact.
24  biological age
(69 times)
Geriatrics
(28 times)
CA (24 times)
PCA (8 times)
MLR (5 times)
1980 Models of the biological age of the rat. II. Multiple regression models in the study on influencing aging.
25  Bland-Altman
(65 times)
Medicine
(7 times)
ICC (12 times)
AC (5 times)
CI (5 times)
2004 Continuous intra-abdominal pressure measurement technique.
26  Brucella abortus
(64 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(29 times)
SRBC (21 times)
LPS (9 times)
Con A (4 times)
1975 Diverse effects of bursectomy on humoral immune responses in the chicken.
27  bacillary angiomatosis
(53 times)
Dermatology
(11 times)
CSD (8 times)
HIV (8 times)
KS (6 times)
1992 Phylogenetic relationships among the agent of bacillary angiomatosis, Bartonella bacilliformis, and other alpha-proteobacteria.
28  beta-alanine
(52 times)
Physiology
(14 times)
PL (16 times)
PLA (9 times)
SB (5 times)
2008 Beta-alanine and the hormonal response to exercise.
29  bongkrekic acid
(42 times)
Biochemistry
(22 times)
CATR (14 times)
ANT (10 times)
ATP (4 times)
1976 Interaction of (3H) bongkrekic acid with the mitochondrial adenine nucleotide translocator.
30  blood agar
(40 times)
Microbiology
(17 times)
GBS (5 times)
MAC (4 times)
SDA (3 times)
1981 Evaluation of techniques for isolation of group A streptococci from throat cultures.
31  Bacillus anthracis
(39 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(6 times)
BG (5 times)
PA (5 times)
Bc (4 times)
2004 Determination of serum IgG antibodies to Bacillus anthracis protective antigen in environmental sampling workers using a fluorescent covalent microsphere immunoassay.
32  barbituric acid
(37 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
PB (6 times)
PHB (4 times)
AB (3 times)
1964 An analysis of the early development ofPlanorbis exustus using barbituric acid.
33  benzylamine
(36 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
PEA (4 times)
TB (3 times)
5-HT (2 times)
1980 [Mechanisms of regulating monoamine oxidase activity in different brain regions].
34  basal amygdala
(29 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
IL (5 times)
LA (5 times)
PL (5 times)
1998 GluR5 kainate receptor mediated synaptic transmission in rat basolateral amygdala in vitro.
35  basilar
(28 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
MCA (13 times)
VA (7 times)
ACA (5 times)
1984 On the postjunctional alpha-adrenoreceptors in rat cerebral and mesenteric arteries.
36  brain abscess
(28 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
DTI (2 times)
FA (2 times)
PAVMs (2 times)
1994 [Brain abscess in patients with cyanotic heart defects].
37  brief advice
(28 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(13 times)
MI (14 times)
BMI (4 times)
AO (3 times)
2001 Effects of two types of brief intervention and readiness to change on alcohol use in hazardous drinkers.
38  bioassay
(27 times)
Endocrinology
(12 times)
RIA (18 times)
PRL (11 times)
DES (2 times)
1976 Analysis of suckling-induced changes in adenohypophyseal prolactin concentration in the lactating rat by three assay methods.
39  basal area
(24 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
DBH (4 times)
RMSE (3 times)
LiDAR (2 times)
2004 Concerted changes in tropical forest structure and dynamics: evidence from 50 South American long-term plots.
40  benzyl acetate
(24 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
DBP (7 times)
o-NPOE (6 times)
PVC (6 times)
1989 Age-related changes in the disposition of benzyl acetate. A model compound for glycine conjugation.
41  bioaggregate
(22 times)
Dentistry
(15 times)
MTA (10 times)
BD (5 times)
ALP (3 times)
2009 Dentin enhances the antibacterial effect of mineral trioxide aggregate and bioaggregate.
42  Boswellic acid
(21 times)
Complementary Therapies
(5 times)
GR (2 times)
HO (2 times)
LI (2 times)
1992 Anticomplementary activity of boswellic acids--an inhibitor of C3-convertase of the classical complement pathway.
43  Barabasi-Albert
(20 times)
Statistics as Topic
(10 times)
ER (3 times)
NW (2 times)
WS (2 times)
2003 Number of loops of size h in growing scale-free networks.
44  benzaldehyde
(19 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
ACA (2 times)
OSCC (2 times)
SBA (2 times)
1983 Differential enhancement of cytotoxicity by combination of the carcinostatic agent benzaldehyde and hyperthermia in simian virus 40-transformed and normal cell lines.
45  binding affinity
(18 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
CNS (3 times)
MS (3 times)
OSCC (2 times)
1978 Measurement of IgG, IgA and IgE antibodies to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus by antigen-binding assay, using a partially purified fraction of mite extract (F4P1).
46  basal
(17 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
LA (6 times)
BLA (5 times)
LAT (3 times)
1989 Objective measures of swallowing in patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome.
47  biochainin A
(17 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
CK (7 times)
RAL (7 times)
cBA (5 times)
1987 Effects of dietary and parenteral estrogens on bobwhite reproduction.
48  bactericidal activity
(16 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
CAT (3 times)
GOT (3 times)
GPT (3 times)
1975 [Effects of thymectomy on the natural bactericidal power of thymectomized mice].
49  n-butylamine
(16 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
PA (3 times)
PSCs (2 times)
TEA (2 times)
1995 Epitope mapping of beta-lactam antibiotics with the use of monoclonal antibodies.
50  bifurcation angle
(15 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
QCA (6 times)
DS (4 times)
LAD (4 times)
2000 3D coronary reconstruction from routine single-plane coronary angiograms: clinical validation and quantitative analysis of the right coronary artery in 100 patients.
51  Black African
(15 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
BC (5 times)
WE (3 times)
IRR (2 times)
2007 Incidence of hemorrhagic stroke in black Caribbean, black African, and white populations: the South London stroke register, 1995-2004.
52  band atrophy
(14 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
RNFL (8 times)
ROC (5 times)
VF (5 times)
2007 Comparison of retinal nerve fibre layer measurements using optical coherence tomography versions 1 and 3 in eyes with band atrophy of the optic nerve and normal controls.
53  bladder augmentation
(14 times)
Pediatrics
(8 times)
CIC (2 times)
KT (2 times)
SB (2 times)
2001 Transplantation of infantile bladder in rats: an alternative procedure for bladder augmentation.
54  Buenos Aires
(14 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
SAC (7 times)
AHA (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
1993 Standardization of serological tests for detecting anti-Trypanosoma cruzi antibodies in dogs.
55  Barrett's adenocarcinoma
(13 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
BE (2 times)
BM (2 times)
EGJ (2 times)
1996 Detection of Barrett's adenocarcinoma of the gastric cardia with sucrase isomaltase and p53.
56  bat algorithm
(13 times)
Medical Informatics
(6 times)
GA (2 times)
PSO (2 times)
ALO (1 time)
2012 A bat algorithm with mutation for UCAV path planning.
57  bovine albumin
(13 times)
Histology
(2 times)
BAL (2 times)
AM (1 time)
BALT (1 time)
1978 Acute systemic anaphylaxis in adult domestic fowl--possible role of vasoactive lipids and peptides.
58  bronchial aspirate
(13 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
CT (3 times)
AFB (2 times)
BAL (2 times)
1975 The diagnostic value of sputum culture in acute pneumonia.
59  background activity
(12 times)
Neurology
(10 times)
EEG (3 times)
CSF (2 times)
anti-NMDAR (1 time)
1981 [Types of spike activity and nature of neuronal interrelations in the rat neostriatum].
60  benzanthrone
(12 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
AsA (2 times)
2-NBA (1 time)
3-ABA (1 time)
1991 Bio-elimination and organ retention profile of benzanthrone in scorbutic and non-scorbutic guinea pigs.
61  bioaccessibility
(12 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
HM (3 times)
IFs (2 times)
MFGM (2 times)
2007 The effect of dosing vehicle on arsenic bioaccessibility in smelter-contaminated soils.
62  bioaugmentation
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
BS (9 times)
NA (3 times)
TPH (3 times)
2006 Impacts of bioremediation schemes on bacterial population in naphthalene-contaminated marine sediments.
63  bonding agent
(12 times)
Dentistry
(10 times)
SBS (3 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
DC (2 times)
1992 Enamel shear bond strengths after vital bleaching.
64  brachial
(12 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
CCA (4 times)
FMD (4 times)
FA (3 times)
1991 Vessel wall properties of large arteries in trained and sedentary subjects.
65  basophils
(11 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
Mo (6 times)
Eo (5 times)
Ly (5 times)
1994 [Cell Dyn 3000: technical performance and applications in hematologic pathology].
66  breast augmentation
(11 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
PIP (2 times)
USS (2 times)
ABDR (1 time)
2010 Breast augmentation: Part I--A review of the silicone prosthesis.
67  bacterascites
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
SBP (9 times)
CNNA (3 times)
PMN (2 times)
1991 The spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhotic patients. To a new gold standard.
68  Bahia
(10 times)
Tropical Medicine
(4 times)
MG (3 times)
RJ (3 times)
SC (3 times)
1999 Differences in saliva composition among three Brazilian populations of Panstrongylus megistus (Hemiptera, Reduviidae).
69  balanced accuracy
(10 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
MDR (5 times)
AUC (1 time)
CVC (1 time)
2009 New evaluation measures for multifactor dimensionality reduction classifiers in gene-gene interaction analysis.
70  Bayesian
(10 times)
DNA, Mitochondrial
(4 times)
ML (7 times)
MP (7 times)
NJ (5 times)
1997 Comparative Analysis of Coronary Surgery Risk Stratification Models.
71  benzoate
(10 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
2CB (2 times)
SA (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
2001 Expression of 2-halobenzoate dioxygenase genes (cbdSABC) involved in the degradation of benzoate and 2-halobenzoate in Burkholderia sp. TH2.
72  birth asphyxia
(10 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
HBB (2 times)
AFD (1 time)
ALT (1 time)
1994 Fibronectin levels in Indian neonates in health & disease.
73  Bohler's angle
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
CAG (2 times)
DIACF (2 times)
ICC (2 times)
2004 Fractures of the calcaneum. A review of 70 patients.
74  bradyarrhythmias
(10 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
AHI (2 times)
AV (2 times)
ECG (2 times)
1979 Sick sinus syndrome treated with permanent pacemaker in 109 patients. A follow-up study.
75  bronchoalveolar
(10 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
BALF (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
1979 Lecithin changes in murine Mycoplasma pulmonis respiratory infection.
76  brown adipocytes
(10 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
WA (3 times)
WAT (3 times)
iWAT (2 times)
2012 In vivo identification of bipotential adipocyte progenitors recruited by beta3-adrenoceptor activation and high-fat feeding.
77  behenic acid
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
SA (3 times)
MA (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
1998 Effects of Substrate Solubility in Interesterification with Triolein by Immobilized Lipase in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide.
78  bulbus arteriosus
(9 times)
Biology
(4 times)
SV (2 times)
AcLDL (1 time)
AV (1 time)
2003 Characterization of the effects of vasoactive substances on the bulbus arteriosus of the eel, Anguilla rostrata.
79  Baumann angle
(8 times)
Orthopedics
(6 times)
LCHA (3 times)
AHL (2 times)
CA (2 times)
2011 The lateral capitellohumeral angle in normal children: mean, variation, and reliability in comparison to Baumann's angle.
80  bilateral adrenalectomy
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
CD (5 times)
TSS (3 times)
RT (2 times)
1991 [Studies on the relationship between acupuncture analgesia and testosterone or dihydrotestosterone in blood plasma].
81  biotin-avidin
(8 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
IF (2 times)
RSV (2 times)
AP (1 time)
1983 Utilization of the biotin/avidin system to amplify the sensitivity of the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
82  body awareness
(8 times)
Psychophysiology
(2 times)
PMT (2 times)
ATS (1 time)
BD (1 time)
2004 The effects of yoga training and a single bout of yoga on delayed onset muscle soreness in the lower extremity.
83  bone ash
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
FI (3 times)
BD (2 times)
BS (2 times)
1993 Sample size required for various methods of assessing bone status in commercial leghorn hens.
84  born alive
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
TB (6 times)
ADG (1 time)
AI (1 time)
2005 Threshold-linear estimation of genetic parameters for farrowing mortality, litter size, and test performance of Large White sows.
85  bulking agent
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
MC (3 times)
AR (1 time)
CEC (1 time)
2008 Characterization of food waste and bulking agents for composting.
86  Bacillus amyloliquefaciens
(7 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(2 times)
ADG (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
IUGR (1 time)
2013 Probiotic Bacillus amyloliquefaciens mediate M1 macrophage polarization in mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages.
87  balanced anesthesia
(7 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
TIVA (5 times)
FESS (2 times)
FHR (1 time)
1976 Electronic monitoring of the fetal heart rate and uterine contractions during cesarean section under balanced anesthesia.
88  band
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
CT (3 times)
KN (3 times)
BW (2 times)
1977 Pinto--a new coat patterning factor in Syrian hamsters.
89  basal nucleus
(7 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
BLA (2 times)
ITCs (2 times)
LAT (2 times)
2011 Unique inhibitory synapse with particularly rich endocannabinoid signaling machinery on pyramidal neurons in basal amygdaloid nucleus.
90  Bayesian analysis
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ML (4 times)
MP (4 times)
NJ (2 times)
1993 Computer dosing program for the initiation of vancomycin therapy.
91  beta-boswellic acid
(7 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
KBA (3 times)
BSE (2 times)
ABA (1 time)
1996 Effects of boswellic acid of Boswellia serrata and other triterpenic acids on the complement system.
92  biological activity
(7 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
CD (2 times)
MRI (2 times)
BP (1 time)
1975 The neuropathological findings in irreversible coma. A critque of the "respirator".
93  body area
(7 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
SI (4 times)
AP (2 times)
CT (2 times)
2001 Relationships between host species and morphometric patterns in Fasciola hepatica adults and eggs from the northern Bolivian Altiplano hyperendemic region.
94  Bordetella avium
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
APV (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
cgMLST (1 time)
1987 Effects of Bordetella avium infection on the pulmonary clearance of Escherichia coli in turkeys.
95  born alive per litter
(7 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
FR (4 times)
RR (3 times)
SB (3 times)
2004 Effect of season and outdoor climate on litter size at birth in purebred landrace and yorkshire sows in Thailand.
96  brain atrophy
(7 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
CSF (2 times)
NPH (2 times)
WMH (2 times)
2008 Associations of microalbuminuria with brain atrophy and white matter hyperintensities in hypertensive sibships.
97  Broca's area
(7 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
TMS (2 times)
AOS (1 time)
dPMC (1 time)
2007 Neural basis of processing sequential and hierarchical syntactic structures.
98  butyrate
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
HDAC (2 times)
SMA (2 times)
BHB (1 time)
1983 Substrate dependence of myocardial response to hypoxia in the presence of theophylline.
99  1,2-benzanthracene
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
BP (2 times)
DBA (2 times)
PAH (2 times)
1976 1,2-Benzanthracene in soil.
100  bacterial abundance
(6 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
VA (4 times)
BRR (1 time)
2005 Phage bacteriolysis, protistan bacterivory potential, and bacterial production in a freshwater reservoir: coupling with temperature.