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Abbreviation: BA
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
biliary atresia
(1160 times)
Pediatrics
(549 times)
LT (100 times)
KPE (51 times)
KP (49 times)
1978 Alpha fetoprotein in the differentiation of neonatal hepatitis and biliary atresia: current status and implications for the pathogenesis of these disorders.
bile acid
(768 times)
Gastroenterology
(176 times)
FXR (138 times)
CA (41 times)
FGF19 (37 times)
1976 Relationship between bile acid malabsorption and pancreatic insufficiency in cystic fibrosis.
basilar artery
(700 times)
Neurology
(206 times)
MCA (131 times)
VA (127 times)
SAH (92 times)
1980 Basilar artery occlusion in multiple trauma: case report.
bronchial asthma
(593 times)
Therapeutics
(127 times)
AR (63 times)
AD (51 times)
COPD (35 times)
1978 The influence of corticotherapy on mitogen induced lymphocytotoxicity in bronchial asthma.
Brodmann area
(567 times)
Neurology
(209 times)
fMRI (84 times)
PET (28 times)
rCBF (28 times)
1985 Specific binding of [3H]phenytoin in the human brain.
benzyladenine
(343 times)
Botany
(129 times)
MS (115 times)
NAA (106 times)
IBA (53 times)
1969 Influence of Benzyladenine, Leaf Darkening, and Ringing on Movement of C-labeled Assimilates Into Expanded Leaves of Vitis vinifera L.
Betulinic acid
(327 times)
Pharmacology
(68 times)
ROS (22 times)
UA (21 times)
OA (11 times)
1997 Betulinic acid triggers CD95 (APO-1/Fas)- and p53-independent apoptosis via activation of caspases in neuroectodermal tumors.
benzoic acid
(307 times)
Environmental Health
(57 times)
SA (54 times)
PA (22 times)
CA (17 times)
1977 The specificity of carrier-mediated auxin transport by suspension-cultured crown gall cells.
bone age
(300 times)
Endocrinology
(125 times)
CA (144 times)
SDS (41 times)
GH (39 times)
1979 Prediction of adult height with various methods in Finnish children.
10  bone area
(233 times)
Orthopedics
(63 times)
BMC (129 times)
BMD (83 times)
BIC (59 times)
1994 Changes in bone mass early after kidney transplantation.
11  balloon angioplasty
(206 times)
Cardiology
(131 times)
TLR (31 times)
DES (23 times)
ISR (21 times)
1984 Transluminal balloon coarctation angioplasty: experience with 27 patients.
12  bioavailability
(203 times)
Pharmacology
(131 times)
BE (32 times)
PK (22 times)
IR (19 times)
1984 [Comparative studies on the bioavailability of various drug forms of phenylbutazone and clofezone (Perclusone)].
13  brachial artery
(189 times)
Cardiology
(36 times)
FMD (40 times)
IMT (15 times)
CAD (13 times)
1981 Hemodynamic effects of disopyramide at rest and during exercise in normal subjects.
14  boric acid
(185 times)
Environmental Health
(38 times)
Ca (8 times)
ESBL (8 times)
BNCT (7 times)
1993 The effects of boric acid (BA) on testicular cells in culture.
15  behavioral activation
(180 times)
Psychiatry
(54 times)
CBT (21 times)
MDD (15 times)
TAU (9 times)
1996 A component analysis of cognitive-behavioral treatment for depression.
16  benz(a)anthracene
(137 times)
Pharmacology
(39 times)
BP (34 times)
DMBA (27 times)
AHH (24 times)
1977 Relationships of quantum mechanical calculations, relative mutagenicity of benzo[a]anthracene diol epoxides, and "bay region" concept of aromatic hydrocarbon carcinogenicity.
17  butyl acrylate
(123 times)
Chemistry
(31 times)
MMA (32 times)
AA (13 times)
RAFT (10 times)
1985 Hydrolysis of several glycol ether acetates and acrylate esters by nasal mucosal carboxylesterase in vitro.
18  biogenic amines
(120 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(35 times)
LAB (15 times)
AMN (4 times)
HIS (4 times)
1975 Use of the analytical electron microscope (AEM) in cytochemical studies of the central nervous system.
19  butyric acid
(120 times)
Biochemistry
(15 times)
PA (10 times)
AA (8 times)
HDAC (8 times)
1981 Differentiation of Friend erythroleukemic cells in media lacking fetal calf serum.
20  Baicalin
(102 times)
Pharmacology
(32 times)
JA (9 times)
NF-kappaB (7 times)
ROS (6 times)
1993 Inhibition of HIV infection by baicalin--a flavonoid compound purified from Chinese herbal medicine.
21  bottom ash
(94 times)
Environmental Health
(76 times)
MSWI (20 times)
FA (19 times)
MSW (18 times)
2002 Utilisation of bottom ash in road construction: evaluation of the environmental impact.
22  6-benzylaminopurine
(93 times)
Botany
(46 times)
NAA (33 times)
MS (26 times)
IBA (21 times)
1976 Effect of Benzyladenine, 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid, and d-Glucose on myo-Inositol Metabolism in Acer pseudoplatanus L. Cells Grown in Suspension Culture.
23  benzyl alcohol
(85 times)
Pharmacology
(19 times)
BB (6 times)
TA (6 times)
DMSO (5 times)
1982 Effects of benzyl alcohol on phosphatidylcholine lamellar phase with different water contents.
24  Bland-Altman
(80 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(8 times)
ICC (17 times)
CI (6 times)
LOA (6 times)
2004 Continuous intra-abdominal pressure measurement technique.
25  biological age
(79 times)
Geriatrics
(31 times)
CA (28 times)
PCA (8 times)
MLR (5 times)
1980 Models of the biological age of the rat. II. Multiple regression models in the study on influencing aging.
26  Brucella abortus
(65 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(29 times)
SRBC (21 times)
LPS (9 times)
CFS (4 times)
1975 Diverse effects of bursectomy on humoral immune responses in the chicken.
27  beta-alanine
(60 times)
Physiology
(16 times)
PL (16 times)
PLA (11 times)
SB (5 times)
2008 Beta-alanine and the hormonal response to exercise.
28  bacillary angiomatosis
(54 times)
Dermatology
(11 times)
CSD (8 times)
HIV (8 times)
KS (6 times)
1992 Phylogenetic relationships among the agent of bacillary angiomatosis, Bartonella bacilliformis, and other alpha-proteobacteria.
29  bongkrekic acid
(44 times)
Biochemistry
(23 times)
CATR (14 times)
ANT (11 times)
CsA (5 times)
1976 Interaction of (3H) bongkrekic acid with the mitochondrial adenine nucleotide translocator.
30  barbituric acid
(43 times)
Chemistry
(14 times)
PB (6 times)
PHB (4 times)
TBA (4 times)
1964 An analysis of the early development ofPlanorbis exustus using barbituric acid.
31  Bacillus anthracis
(41 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
Bt (6 times)
BG (5 times)
PA (5 times)
2004 Determination of serum IgG antibodies to Bacillus anthracis protective antigen in environmental sampling workers using a fluorescent covalent microsphere immunoassay.
32  blood agar
(41 times)
Microbiology
(17 times)
GBS (5 times)
MAC (4 times)
SDA (3 times)
1981 Evaluation of techniques for isolation of group A streptococci from throat cultures.
33  benzylamine
(39 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
PEA (4 times)
TB (3 times)
5-HT (2 times)
1980 [Mechanisms of regulating monoamine oxidase activity in different brain regions].
34  basal amygdala
(37 times)
Neurology
(19 times)
LA (7 times)
IL (6 times)
PL (6 times)
1998 GluR5 kainate receptor mediated synaptic transmission in rat basolateral amygdala in vitro.
35  brief advice
(31 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(15 times)
MI (14 times)
BMI (6 times)
AO (3 times)
2001 Effects of two types of brief intervention and readiness to change on alcohol use in hazardous drinkers.
36  brain abscess
(30 times)
Neurosurgery
(6 times)
DTI (2 times)
FA (2 times)
PAVMs (2 times)
1994 [Brain abscess in patients with cyanotic heart defects].
37  basilar
(28 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
MCA (13 times)
VA (7 times)
ACA (5 times)
1984 On the postjunctional alpha-adrenoreceptors in rat cerebral and mesenteric arteries.
38  bioassay
(27 times)
Endocrinology
(12 times)
RIA (18 times)
PRL (11 times)
DES (2 times)
1976 Analysis of suckling-induced changes in adenohypophyseal prolactin concentration in the lactating rat by three assay methods.
39  basal area
(24 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
DBH (4 times)
RMSE (3 times)
LiDAR (2 times)
2004 Concerted changes in tropical forest structure and dynamics: evidence from 50 South American long-term plots.
40  benzyl acetate
(24 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(9 times)
DBP (7 times)
o-NPOE (6 times)
PVC (6 times)
1989 Age-related changes in the disposition of benzyl acetate. A model compound for glycine conjugation.
41  bioaggregate
(24 times)
Dentistry
(16 times)
MTA (12 times)
BD (5 times)
ALP (3 times)
2009 Dentin enhances the antibacterial effect of mineral trioxide aggregate and bioaggregate.
42  balanced accuracy
(23 times)
Medical Informatics
(7 times)
MDR (5 times)
AUC (4 times)
CV (2 times)
2009 New evaluation measures for multifactor dimensionality reduction classifiers in gene-gene interaction analysis.
43  bat algorithm
(23 times)
Medical Informatics
(7 times)
PSO (4 times)
GA (2 times)
IBA (2 times)
2013 A bat algorithm with mutation for UCAV path planning.
44  boswellic acid
(23 times)
Complementary Therapies
(4 times)
BPA (2 times)
GR (2 times)
HO (2 times)
1992 Anticomplementary activity of boswellic acids--an inhibitor of C3-convertase of the classical complement pathway.
45  Barabasi-Albert
(22 times)
Physics
(11 times)
WS (4 times)
ER (3 times)
NW (2 times)
2003 Number of loops of size h in growing scale-free networks.
46  Black African
(22 times)
Metabolism
(5 times)
BC (5 times)
WA (5 times)
WE (4 times)
1998 Differential impact of obesity on glucose metabolism in black and white American adolescents.
47  benzaldehyde
(21 times)
Chemistry
(6 times)
ACA (2 times)
OSCC (2 times)
SBA (2 times)
1983 Differential enhancement of cytotoxicity by combination of the carcinostatic agent benzaldehyde and hyperthermia in simian virus 40-transformed and normal cell lines.
48  binding affinity
(20 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
CNS (3 times)
MS (3 times)
AChE (2 times)
1978 Measurement of IgG, IgA and IgE antibodies to Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus by antigen-binding assay, using a partially purified fraction of mite extract (F4P1).
49  butylamine
(20 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
PA (4 times)
OA (2 times)
PSCs (2 times)
1995 Epitope mapping of beta-lactam antibiotics with the use of monoclonal antibodies.
50  basal
(19 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
LA (8 times)
BLA (6 times)
AB (3 times)
1989 Objective measures of swallowing in patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome.
51  biochainin A
(18 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
CK (7 times)
RAL (7 times)
cBA (5 times)
1987 Effects of dietary and parenteral estrogens on bobwhite reproduction.
52  bactericidal activity
(17 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(8 times)
CAT (3 times)
GOT (3 times)
GPT (3 times)
1975 [Effects of thymectomy on the natural bactericidal power of thymectomized mice].
53  bladder augmentation
(17 times)
Urology
(11 times)
CIC (3 times)
SB (3 times)
KT (2 times)
2001 Transplantation of infantile bladder in rats: an alternative procedure for bladder augmentation.
54  birth asphyxia
(16 times)
Pediatrics
(4 times)
GA (2 times)
HBB (2 times)
MAS (2 times)
1994 Fibronectin levels in Indian neonates in health & disease.
55  bifurcation angle
(15 times)
Cardiology
(10 times)
QCA (6 times)
DS (4 times)
LAD (4 times)
2001 3D coronary reconstruction from routine single-plane coronary angiograms: clinical validation and quantitative analysis of the right coronary artery in 100 patients.
56  bioaccessibility
(15 times)
Chemistry
(10 times)
HM (3 times)
BF (2 times)
IFs (2 times)
2007 The effect of dosing vehicle on arsenic bioaccessibility in smelter-contaminated soils.
57  breast augmentation
(15 times)
General Surgery
(14 times)
AFG (2 times)
PIP (2 times)
USS (2 times)
2009 Breast augmentation: Part I--A review of the silicone prosthesis.
58  Buenos Aires
(15 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
SAC (7 times)
AHA (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
1993 Standardization of serological tests for detecting anti-Trypanosoma cruzi antibodies in dogs.
59  background activity
(14 times)
Neurology
(11 times)
CSF (3 times)
EEG (3 times)
anti-NMDAR (2 times)
1981 [Types of spike activity and nature of neuronal interrelations in the rat neostriatum].
60  band atrophy
(14 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
RNFL (8 times)
ROC (5 times)
VF (5 times)
2005 Comparison of retinal nerve fibre layer measurements using optical coherence tomography versions 1 and 3 in eyes with band atrophy of the optic nerve and normal controls.
61  basophils
(14 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
MO (7 times)
Eo (6 times)
Ly (6 times)
1993 Monocytes do not make mast cells when cultured in the presence of SCF. Characterization of the circulating mast cell progenitor as a c-kit+, CD34+, Ly-, CD14-, CD17-, colony-forming cell.
62  bioaugmentation
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(10 times)
BS (10 times)
NA (4 times)
TPH (3 times)
2006 Impacts of bioremediation schemes on bacterial population in naphthalene-contaminated marine sediments.
63  Barrett's adenocarcinoma
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
BE (2 times)
BM (2 times)
EGJ (2 times)
1996 Detection of Barrett's adenocarcinoma of the gastric cardia with sucrase isomaltase and p53.
64  Bayesian
(13 times)
DNA, Mitochondrial
(4 times)
ML (7 times)
MP (7 times)
NJ (5 times)
1997 Comparative Analysis of Coronary Surgery Risk Stratification Models.
65  benzanthrone
(13 times)
Toxicology
(8 times)
3-NBA (2 times)
AsA (2 times)
2-NBA (1 time)
1991 Bio-elimination and organ retention profile of benzanthrone in scorbutic and non-scorbutic guinea pigs.
66  bovine albumin
(13 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
BAL (2 times)
AM (1 time)
BALT (1 time)
1978 Acute systemic anaphylaxis in adult domestic fowl--possible role of vasoactive lipids and peptides.
67  brachial
(13 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
FMD (5 times)
CCA (4 times)
FA (3 times)
1991 Vessel wall properties of large arteries in trained and sedentary subjects.
68  bronchial aspirate
(13 times)
Communicable Diseases
(3 times)
CT (3 times)
AFB (2 times)
BAL (2 times)
1975 The diagnostic value of sputum culture in acute pneumonia.
69  brown adipocytes
(13 times)
Metabolism
(3 times)
BAT (4 times)
NE (3 times)
WA (3 times)
2012 In vivo identification of bipotential adipocyte progenitors recruited by beta3-adrenoceptor activation and high-fat feeding.
70  bonding agent
(12 times)
Dentistry
(10 times)
SBS (3 times)
ANOVA (2 times)
DC (2 times)
1992 Enamel shear bond strengths after vital bleaching.
71  bradyarrhythmias
(12 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
AHI (2 times)
AV (2 times)
ECG (2 times)
1979 Sick sinus syndrome treated with permanent pacemaker in 109 patients. A follow-up study.
72  Bahia
(11 times)
Tropical Medicine
(5 times)
MG (3 times)
RJ (3 times)
SC (3 times)
1999 Differences in saliva composition among three Brazilian populations of Panstrongylus megistus (Hemiptera, Reduviidae).
73  bilateral adrenalectomy
(11 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
CD (7 times)
TSS (4 times)
CS (2 times)
1991 [Studies on the relationship between acupuncture analgesia and testosterone or dihydrotestosterone in blood plasma].
74  Bohler's angle
(11 times)
Orthopedics
(7 times)
CAG (3 times)
DIACF (2 times)
ICC (2 times)
2004 Fractures of the calcaneum. A review of 70 patients.
75  bacterascites
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(6 times)
SBP (9 times)
CNNA (3 times)
PMN (2 times)
1991 The spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in cirrhotic patients. To a new gold standard.
76  Baumann angle
(10 times)
Orthopedics
(8 times)
LCHA (3 times)
AHL (2 times)
CA (2 times)
2011 The lateral capitellohumeral angle in normal children: mean, variation, and reliability in comparison to Baumann's angle.
77  benzoate
(10 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
2CB (2 times)
SA (2 times)
5-FU (1 time)
2001 Expression of 2-halobenzoate dioxygenase genes (cbdSABC) involved in the degradation of benzoate and 2-halobenzoate in Burkholderia sp. TH2.
78  blueberry anthocyanins
(10 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
LDL-C (3 times)
GPx (2 times)
HDL-C (2 times)
2013 Protective roles of Gadd45 and MDM2 in blueberry anthocyanins mediated DNA repair of fragmented and non-fragmented DNA damage in UV-irradiated HepG2 cells.
79  bronchoalveolar
(10 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
BALF (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
1979 Lecithin changes in murine Mycoplasma pulmonis respiratory infection.
80  Bacillus amyloliquefaciens
(9 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(2 times)
ADG (1 time)
Bs (1 time)
CFU (1 time)
2013 Probiotic Bacillus amyloliquefaciens mediate M1 macrophage polarization in mouse bone marrow-derived macrophages.
81  Bayesian analysis
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ML (4 times)
MP (4 times)
NJ (2 times)
1993 Computer dosing program for the initiation of vancomycin therapy.
82  behenic acid
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
SA (3 times)
MA (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
1998 Effects of Substrate Solubility in Interesterification with Triolein by Immobilized Lipase in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide.
83  bone ash
(9 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
FI (3 times)
BD (2 times)
BS (2 times)
1993 Sample size required for various methods of assessing bone status in commercial leghorn hens.
84  Broca's area
(9 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
TMS (3 times)
AOS (1 time)
AVMs (1 time)
2007 Neural basis of processing sequential and hierarchical syntactic structures.
85  bronchiolar adenoma
(9 times)
Pathology
(4 times)
CT (3 times)
CMPT (2 times)
GP (2 times)
2020 Distal-type bronchiolar adenoma of the lung expressing p16INK4a - morphologic, immunohistochemical, ultrastructural and genomic analysis - report of a case and review of the literature.
86  bulbus arteriosus
(9 times)
Biology
(4 times)
SV (2 times)
AcLDL (1 time)
AV (1 time)
2003 Characterization of the effects of vasoactive substances on the bulbus arteriosus of the eel, Anguilla rostrata.
87  butyrate
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
HDAC (2 times)
SCFA (2 times)
SMA (2 times)
1983 Substrate dependence of myocardial response to hypoxia in the presence of theophylline.
88  balanced anesthesia
(8 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
TIVA (6 times)
FESS (2 times)
FHR (1 time)
1976 Electronic monitoring of the fetal heart rate and uterine contractions during cesarean section under balanced anesthesia.
89  band
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
CT (3 times)
KN (3 times)
BW (2 times)
1977 Pinto--a new coat patterning factor in Syrian hamsters.
90  biotin-avidin
(8 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
IF (2 times)
RSV (2 times)
AP (1 time)
1983 Utilization of the biotin/avidin system to amplify the sensitivity of the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
91  body area
(8 times)
Biophysics
(3 times)
SI (4 times)
AP (2 times)
BL (2 times)
2001 Relationships between host species and morphometric patterns in Fasciola hepatica adults and eggs from the northern Bolivian Altiplano hyperendemic region.
92  body awareness
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
PMT (2 times)
ATS (1 time)
BD (1 time)
2004 The effects of yoga training and a single bout of yoga on delayed onset muscle soreness in the lower extremity.
93  born alive
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
TB (5 times)
ADG (1 time)
AI (1 time)
2005 Threshold-linear estimation of genetic parameters for farrowing mortality, litter size, and test performance of Large White sows.
94  bulking agent
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
MC (3 times)
AR (1 time)
CEC (1 time)
2007 Characterization of food waste and bulking agents for composting.
95  burned area
(8 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
BC (1 time)
BRSIT (1 time)
CASTNET (1 time)
2008 Influence of fires on O3 concentrations in the western U.S.
96  n-butylammonium
(8 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
PEA (3 times)
EA (2 times)
MA (2 times)
2017 Interconversion between Free Charges and Bound Excitons in 2D Hybrid Lead Halide Perovskites.
97  bacterial abundance
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
VA (4 times)
BRR (1 time)
Chl a (1 time)
2005 Phage bacteriolysis, protistan bacterivory potential, and bacterial production in a freshwater reservoir: coupling with temperature.
98  basal nucleus
(7 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
BLA (2 times)
ITCs (2 times)
LAT (2 times)
2011 Unique inhibitory synapse with particularly rich endocannabinoid signaling machinery on pyramidal neurons in basal amygdaloid nucleus.
99  before-after
(7 times)
Traumatology
(7 times)
CMFs (2 times)
FB (2 times)
CMFunctions (1 time)
2012 Safety evaluation of right-turn smart channels using automated traffic conflict analysis.
100  benzanilide
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
NF (2 times)
RO (2 times)
AhR (1 time)
2002 Activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor by methyl yellow and related congeners: structure-activity relationships in halogenated derivatives.