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Abbreviation: BAL
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Long forms: 152

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
bronchoalveolar lavage
(8674 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2676 times)
IL (406 times)
OVA (344 times)
LPS (324 times)
1977 Mechanism for the inflammatory response in primate lungs. Demonstration and partial characterization of an alveolar macrophage-derived chemotactic factor with preferential activity for polymorphonuclear leukocytes.
bioartificial liver
(213 times)
Transplantation
(72 times)
FHF (23 times)
ALF (20 times)
OLT (8 times)
1992 Immunoprotection of xenocytes in a hollow fiber bioartificial liver.
blood alcohol level
(128 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(45 times)
GCS (8 times)
TBI (8 times)
EtOH (6 times)
1977 Assessing the alcoholic's disposition to drink.
bronchoalveolar
(81 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(22 times)
ICU (4 times)
OVA (4 times)
PELF (4 times)
1986 Alveolar macrophage stimulation of lung fibroblast growth in asbestos-induced pulmonary fibrosis.
biphenotypic acute leukemia
(52 times)
Hematology
(26 times)
ALL (21 times)
AML (19 times)
EGIL (11 times)
1995 Proposals for the immunological classification of acute leukemias. European Group for the Immunological Characterization of Leukemias (EGIL).
British anti-lewisite
(45 times)
Toxicology
(10 times)
DMSA (7 times)
DMPS (5 times)
BAPSA (2 times)
1945 British anti-lewisite (BAL).
balanced
(29 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
aa (3 times)
CON (3 times)
ER (3 times)
1985 The effect of energy substrate manipulation on tumor growth and metastasis and intermediary metabolism in the parenterally fed mouse.
backbone amide linker
(15 times)
Chemistry
(8 times)
Fmoc (2 times)
DMA (1 time)
FRET (1 time)
1999 Backbone Amide Linker (BAL) Strategy for N(alpha)()-9-Fluorenylmethoxycarbonyl (Fmoc) Solid-Phase Synthesis of Unprotected Peptide p-Nitroanilides and Thioesters(1).
bile salt-activated lipase
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(9 times)
PLA2 (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
AMY (1 time)
1983 Purification of human milk bile salt-activated lipase.
10  benzaldehyde lyase
(12 times)
Biotechnology
(4 times)
BFD (3 times)
ThDP (3 times)
ADH (1 time)
2005 Exploring the active site of benzaldehyde lyase by modeling and mutagenesis.
11  balanced anaesthesia
(7 times)
Anesthesiology
(6 times)
TIVA (6 times)
CFF (1 time)
FVC (1 time)
1995 [Qualitative comparison of modified neurolept-, balanced and intravenous anesthesia. 2. Results of a clinical study, 1992].
12  baicalin
(5 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
icELISA (3 times)
mAb (3 times)
AUC (1 time)
2014 Assessment of baicalin in mouse blood by monoclonal antibody-based icELISA.
13  balanced amino acid mixture
(5 times)
Psychopharmacology
(2 times)
ATD (2 times)
ATPD (2 times)
5-HT (1 time)
2004 The effects of tyrosine depletion in normal healthy volunteers: implications for unipolar depression.
14  breath alcohol level
(5 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(2 times)
BAES (1 time)
POMS (1 time)
1997 Effect of naltrexone on subjective alcohol response in subjects at high and low risk for future alcohol dependence.
15  bronchial lavage fluids
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
MPO (2 times)
CEA (1 time)
ECP (1 time)
2000 Serum ECP and MPO are increased during exacerbations of chronic bronchitis with airway obstruction.
16  B aggressive lymphoma
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
DLBCL (1 time)
PARP (1 time)
2000 BAL is a novel risk-related gene in diffuse large B-cell lymphomas that enhances cellular migration.
17  balance training
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
VIB (3 times)
COP (1 time)
PLYO (1 time)
2006 The effects of plyometric vs. dynamic stabilization and balance training on power, balance, and landing force in female athletes.
18  balanced amino acid load
(4 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
ATD (3 times)
aa (1 time)
DMN (1 time)
2010 Mood state moderates the role of serotonin in cognitive biases.
19  benzaldehyde
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
APT (1 time)
BA (1 time)
HA (1 time)
1997 Association of visual objects and olfactory cues in Drosophila.
20  beta-alanine
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
GABA (2 times)
AA (1 time)
FBAL (1 time)
1990 Experimental neurotoxicity of 5-fluorouracil and its derivatives is due to poisoning by the monofluorinated organic metabolites, monofluoroacetic acid and alpha-fluoro-beta-alanine.
21  betaine aldehyde
(4 times)
Botany
(2 times)
BADH (3 times)
GB (3 times)
ABAL (1 time)
2003 Purification and properties of betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase from Avena sativa.
22  bioartificial liver support
(4 times)
Transplantation
(3 times)
6alpha-HT (1 time)
C/EBP (1 time)
CRP (1 time)
2006 Physiological incompatibilities of porcine hepatocytes for clinical liver support.
23  broncho-alveolar leucocyte
(4 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
IL-1 (1 time)
PBL (1 time)
PBS (1 time)
1981 Hyporesponsiveness of canine bronchoalveolar lymphocytes to mitogens: II. Analysis of macromolecular synthesis, T-cell antigen, and mitogen-binding.
24  bronchoscopic alveolar lavage
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CFU (1 time)
DQS (1 time)
HPFs (1 time)
1994 Granulomatous Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia: DNA amplification studies on bronchoscopic alveolar lavage samples.
25  2-butoxyacetaldehyde
(3 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
BAA (3 times)
BE (2 times)
EGBE (1 time)
1989 Metabolic and cellular basis of 2-butoxyethanol-induced hemolytic anemia in rats and assessment of human risk in vitro.
26  balanced inhalation anesthesia
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
TIVA-TCI (2 times)
IFN-gamma (1 time)
IL-10 (1 time)
2005 Effect of 2 anesthetic techniques on the postoperative proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokine response and cellular immune function to minor surgery.
27  bioartificial liver assist
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
FIR (1 time)
OUR (1 time)
1999 Oxygen consumption characteristics of porcine hepatocytes.
28  bioartificial liver devices
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
--- 2005 Novel quantitative tools for engineering analysis of hepatocyte cultures in bioartificial liver systems.
29  bioartificial liver support system
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AFP (1 time)
ALB (1 time)
CHDF (1 time)
1993 Use of a novel bioartificial liver in a patient with acute liver insufficiency.
30  biological action level
(3 times)
Occupational Medicine
(2 times)
BAA (1 time)
BEI (1 time)
MAA (1 time)
1994 Reference limits in occupational toxicology.
31  biphenotypic leukemia
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
ALL (1 time)
AML (1 time)
EGIL (1 time)
2002 Acute biphenotypic leukemia in the adults.
32  broad area diode laser
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(3 times)
TBR (2 times)
MOPA (1 time)
VBG (1 time)
2003 High-power 457-nm light source by frequency doubling of an amplified diode laser.
33  broad area laser
(3 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
RAS (1 time)
RIE (1 time)
SIMS (1 time)
2007 Amplification and front facet reflectivity of broad area lasers.
34  tryptophan-balanced amino acid load
(3 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
ADHD (2 times)
ATD (2 times)
ACC (1 time)
2007 Influence of rapid tryptophan depletion on laboratory-provoked aggression in children with ADHD.
35  (TRP)-balanced control conditions
(2 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
ATD (3 times)
Trp (2 times)
AAs (1 time)
2016 Dietary tryptophan depletion in humans using a simplified two amino acid formula - a pilot study.
36  backbone amide-linked
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
PyBrOP (1 time)
TFA (1 time)
THF (1 time)
2005 Facile solid-phase synthesis of C-terminal peptide aldehydes and hydroxamates from a common Backbone Amide-Linked (BAL) intermediate.
37  baclofen
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
NBD-Cl (1 time)
PKC (1 time)
1997 [Studies on desensitization of GABAB receptor coupled adenylate cyclase].
38  BAL fluids
(2 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
BW (1 time)
HP (1 time)
IS (1 time)
1995 [Correlation between acute rejection and the role of donor specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte in canine lung allotransplantation].
39  balanced mixture
(2 times)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
CAA (1 time)
2005 Lack of behavioural effects after acute tyrosine depletion in healthy volunteers.
40  basal-apical length
(2 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
BW (1 time)
GSI (1 time)
MW (1 time)
2017 Abnormal Fetal Findings Associated With a Global Sphericity Index of the 4-Chamber View Below the 5th Centile.
41  bile acid CoA ligase
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
CoA (1 time)
2002 Molecular cloning and expression of rat liver bile acid CoA ligase.
42  biomonitoring action level
(2 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
FIOH (1 time)
URL (1 time)
1999 Biomonitoring action levels in Finland.
43  blood-pressure, respiration and mortality, and the use of dimercaprol
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
--- 1953 The toxicity of vanadium: effect of vanadate on blood-pressure, respiration and mortality, and the use of dimercaprol (BAL) as antidote.
44  British anti lewisite, dimercaprol
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
DMPS (1 time)
2003 [Metal poisoning].
45  broncho-alveolar washings
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
c.f.u (1 time)
1997 A sub-unit vaccine elicits IgG in serum, spleen cell cultures and bronchial washings and protects immunized animals against pneumonic plague.
46  Bronchopulmonary lavage
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
--- 1992 Bronchopulmonary lavage (BAL). A window of the lungs.
47  2-balance-jumping training
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
COMB (1 time)
CON (1 time)
RES (1 time)
2007 A multi-component exercise regimen to prevent functional decline and bone fragility in home-dwelling elderly women: randomized, controlled trial.
48  accompanied by total graft excision
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AVG (1 time)
ESRD (1 time)
PTFE (1 time)
2008 Brachial artery ligation with total graft excision is a safe and effective approach to prosthetic arteriovenous graft infections.
49  AMC-Bioartificial liver
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DMF (1 time)
2018 A practice-changing culture method relying on shaking substantially increases mitochondrial energy metabolism and functionality of human liver cell lines.
50  auto-balanced static equilibrium of the mandible
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BIC (1 time)
EMG (1 time)
2015 Static balancing behaviour of the mandible.
51  B 6 , and the chelating agent 2,3-dimercaptopropanol
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
--- 1972 Comparative studies on the in vivo effects of tartar emetic, vitamin B 6 , and the chelating agent 2,3-dimercaptopropanol (BAL) on the functional capacity of the tryptophan-niacin pathway in patients with schistosomiasis.
52  BA for Latinos
(1 time)
Behavioral Sciences
(1 time)
BA (1 time)
TAU (1 time)
2017 A client-level session-by-session evaluation of behavioral activation's mechanism of action.
53  Bacillus licheniformis
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
BAS (1 time)
BASM (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2017 Probiotics and Probiotic Metabolic Product Improved Intestinal Function and Ameliorated LPS-Induced Injury in Rats.
54  Baicalein
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DPPH (1 time)
LDH (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2005 Protective effects of baicalein on tert-butyl hydroperoxide-induced hepatic toxicity in rat hepatocytes.
55  BAL clearance
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
GS (1 time)
2005 Construction and evaluation of drug-metabolizing cell line for bioartificial liver support system.
56  BAL pool
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1999 Increased expression of activation markers and adhesion molecules on lung T-cells compared with blood in the normal rat.
57  BAL treatment
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
FHF (1 time)
HD (1 time)
PE (1 time)
2000 Comparative study of bioartificial liver support and plasma exchange for treatment of pigs with fulminant hepatic failure.
58  BAL treatment group
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AAA (1 time)
CHDF (1 time)
FHF (1 time)
2006 Comparison between bioartificial and artificial liver for the treatment of acute liver failure in pigs.
59  balaclava and goggles
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
MRM (1 time)
PP (1 time)
2011 Thermal face protection delays finger cooling and improves thermal comfort during cold air exposure.
60  balance and coordination
(1 time)
CS-PFP-10 (2 times)
75 m SSWS (1 time)
AMP (1 time)
2016 CONCURRENT VALIDITY OF THE CONTINUOUS SCALE-PHYSICAL FUNCTIONAL PEFORMANCE-10 (CS-PFP-10) TEST IN TRANSFEMORAL AMPUTEES.
61  balance and gait training
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ABC (1 time)
CON (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2014 Balance and Gait Training With Augmented Feedback Improves Balance Confidence in People With Parkinson's Disease: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
62  balance exercises on a wobble board
(1 time)
Occupational Health
(1 time)
BFB (1 time)
NW (1 time)
2013 Work-site health promotion of frequent computer users: comparing selected interventions.
63  balance group
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
DEF (1 time)
2005 Improved insulin action following short-term exercise training: role of energy and carbohydrate balance.
64  balance test
(1 time)
Multiple Sclerosis
(1 time)
6MW (1 time)
EDSS (1 time)
FST (1 time)
2011 Effects of a 10-week inspiratory muscle training program on lower-extremity mobility in people with multiple sclerosis: a randomized controlled trial.
65  balanced AA load
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
DA (1 time)
PTD (1 time)
2015 Effects of dietary tryptophan and phenylalanine-tyrosine depletion on phasic alertness in healthy adults - A pilot study.
66  balanced amino acid
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
ATD (1 time)
2017 5-HT modulation of pain perception in humans.
67  balanced condition
(1 time)
Psychopharmacology
(1 time)
ATD (1 time)
ATL (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2011 Effects of tryptophan depletion and tryptophan loading on the affective response to high-dose CO2 challenge in healthy volunteers.
68  balanced control mixture
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
APTD (1 time)
DA (1 time)
2013 Dopamine and light: dissecting effects on mood and motivational states in women with subsyndromal seasonal affective disorder.
69  balanced control mixture with TRP
(1 time)
Food
(1 time)
ATD (2 times)
Met (1 time)
NPY (1 time)
2018 Effects of Dietary Acute Tryptophan Depletion (ATD) on NPY Serum Levels in Healthy Adult Humans Whilst Controlling for Methionine Supply-A Pilot Study.
70  balanced crystalloid solution
(1 time)
Economics, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
EHR (1 time)
SIRS (1 time)
2018 Impact of Fluid Choice in Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome Patients on Hospital Cost Savings.
71  balanced diet
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
aa (1 time)
CAA (1 time)
CTRL (1 time)
2016 Dietary indispensable amino acids profile affects protein utilization and growth of Senegalese sole larvae.
72  BALB/c
(1 time)
Genetics, Medical
(1 time)
Ad (1 time)
C57-FVIIIKO (1 time)
FVIII (1 time)
2004 Heterogeneity of the immune response to adenovirus-mediated factor VIII gene therapy in different inbred hemophilic mouse strains.
73  baleage
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
BSH (1 time)
DIM (1 time)
OSH (1 time)
2011 Forage conservation efficiency and lactation response to bahiagrass conserved as barn-stored hay, outdoor-stored hay, or baleage.
74  ballistic
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
COHS (1 time)
Imp50 (1 time)
NBAL (1 time)
2018 Force-Time Differences between Ballistic and Non-Ballistic Half-Squats.
75  ballistic contractions performed without any pre-activation
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
EMGs (1 time)
2010 Initial conditions influence the characteristics of ballistic contractions in the ankle dorsiflexors.
76  Balloon angioplasty
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
INT (1 time)
ISO (1 time)
PDEs (1 time)
2007 Differential effects of phosphodiesterase PDE-3/PDE-4-specific inhibitors on vasoconstriction and cAMP-dependent vasorelaxation following balloon angioplasty.
77  balofloxacin
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
FQs (1 time)
GAT (1 time)
2018 Exploring the aquatic photodegradation of two ionisable fluoroquinolone antibiotics - Gatifloxacin and balofloxacin: Degradation kinetics, photobyproducts and risk to the aquatic environment.
78  Balsam Alabdulkader-Leat
(1 time)
Optometry
(1 time)
RA (1 time)
SLWPM (1 time)
2017 A Standardized Arabic Reading Acuity Chart: The Balsam Alabdulkader-Leat Chart.
79  based on the difference of the stabilities of the Zn
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
EBT (1 time)
1969 Determination of 2,3-dimercaptopropanol-l (BAL) by titration with zinc, with eriochrome black T as indicator.
80  baseline lung lavage
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
LPA (1 time)
2003 Pulmonary vascular permeability and ischemic injury in gelsolin-deficient mice.
81  Basilar artery length
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
BL (1 time)
MRA (1 time)
2004 Measurement of basilar artery bending and elongation by magnetic resonance cerebral angiography: relationship to age, sex and vertebral artery dominance.
82  Bayesian adaptive LASSO
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
BL (1 time)
EBL (1 time)
GBV (1 time)
2010 Extended Bayesian LASSO for multiple quantitative trait loci mapping and unobserved phenotype prediction.
83  Bedside Assessment of Language
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
--- 2008 [Development and validation of a short battery of tests for the assessment of aphasia: 'bedside assessment of language'. Its use in a rehabilitation centre].
84  been treated with chelating agents such as 2,3-dimercapto-1-propanol
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
--- 2005 2,3-Dimercapto-1-propanol does not alter the porphobilinogen synthase inhibition but decreases the mercury content in liver and kidney of suckling rats exposed to HgCl2.
85  Benefits Administration Letter
(1 time)
Jurisprudence
(1 time)
FEDVIP (1 time)
FEHB (1 time)
2016 Federal Employees Health Benefits and Federal Employees Dental and Vision Insurance Programs' Coverage Exception for Children of Same-Sex Domestic Partners. Interim final rule.
86  benign appearing lesion
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
IL (1 time)
NIL (1 time)
PA (1 time)
1995 Proliferative activity and p53 over-expression of ovarian epithelial tumors.
87  benzaldehyde lyase from Pseudomonas fluorescens biovar I
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2017 Intramolecular Benzoin Reaction Catalyzed by Benzaldehyde Lyase from Pseudomonas Fluorescens Biovar I.
88  benzyl alcohol
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
BNZ beta glc (1 time)
2005 Intestinal SGLT1-mediated absorption and metabolism of benzyl beta-glucoside contained in Prunus mume: carrier-mediated transport increases intestinal availability.
89  beta-chemokine-mediated anti-HIV activity was against the macrophage tropic isolate HIV-1
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
MIP (1 time)
2000 Higher macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1alpha and MIP-1beta levels from CD8+ T cells are associated with asymptomatic HIV-1 infection.
90  bi-criteria AL
(1 time)
Neural Networks (Computer)
(1 time)
AL (1 time)
2018 A Bi-Criteria Active Learning Algorithm for Dynamic Data Streams.
91  Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
EP (1 time)
PER (1 time)
SNP (1 time)
2015 Development of a rapid SNP-typing assay to differentiate Bifidobacterium animalis ssp. lactis strains used in probiotic-supplemented dairy products.
92  bilateral lung lavage
(1 time)
Traumatology
(1 time)
ANOVA (1 time)
ELF (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2008 Injury stimulates an innate respiratory immunoglobulin a immune response in humans.
93  Bio-Acoustic Levitational
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
--- 2016 A Bio-Acoustic Levitational (BAL) Assembly Method for Engineering of Multilayered, 3D Brain-Like Constructs, Using Human Embryonic Stem Cell Derived Neuro-Progenitors.
94  bioadhesive liposomes
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CAM (1 time)
HA (1 time)
HA-ULV (1 time)
2003 Hyaluronan is a key component in cryoprotection and formulation of targeted unilamellar liposomes.
95  bioartificial
(1 time)
Patents as Topic
(1 time)
PSCs (1 time)
2013 Stem cells and liver engineering.
96  bioartificial liver assist device
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ICP (1 time)
2002 D-galactosamine based canine acute liver failure model.
97  bioartificial-liver-machine
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2013 Evaluation of encapsulated liver cell spheroids in a fluidised-bed bioartificial liver for treatment of ischaemic acute liver failure in pigs in a translational setting.
98  biological artificial liver
(1 time)
Gastrointestinal Diseases
(1 time)
--- 2009 Future of bioartificial liver support.
99  Biological liver support
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AHF (1 time)
2008 [Current benefit of biological and non-biological methods in the treatment of acute liver failure].
100  bioreactor for artificial liver
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
microCAACs (1 time)
2009 A computational model for the optimization of transport phenomena in a rotating hollow-fiber bioreactor for artificial liver.