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Abbreviation: BB
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Long forms: 552

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
beta-blockers
(354 times)
Cardiology
(131 times)
ACEI (69 times)
HF (62 times)
ARB (44 times)
1981 Selective autonomic stimulation of canine trachealis with dimethylphenylpiperazinium.
biceps brachii
(258 times)
Physiology
(115 times)
EMG (68 times)
TB (63 times)
MVC (43 times)
1978 Evaluation of an automated method for analysing the electromyogram.
BioBreeding
(146 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(35 times)
NOD (23 times)
DP (15 times)
DR (13 times)
1983 Differential effects of diabetes on microsomal metabolism of various substrates. Comparison of streptozotocin and spontaneously diabetic Wistar rats.
brush border
(92 times)
Cell Biology
(27 times)
NHE3 (7 times)
MV (6 times)
OK (5 times)
1976 Prozone effects in indirect immunofluorescence.
bacterial blight
(67 times)
Genetics
(13 times)
Xoo (28 times)
BLS (5 times)
BPH (5 times)
1994 Development of monosomic alien addition lines and introgression of genes from Oryza australiensis Domin. to cultivated rice O. sativa L.
bromobenzene
(58 times)
Toxicology
(32 times)
AA (7 times)
LDH (4 times)
ALT (3 times)
1984 The role of phospholipid metabolism in bromobenzene- and carbon tetrachloride-dependent hepatocyte injury.
blueberry
(53 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(22 times)
DA (5 times)
AD (4 times)
MAPK (4 times)
2002 Absorption and metabolism of anthocyanins in elderly women after consumption of elderberry or blueberry.
Bachmann's bundle
(48 times)
Cardiology
(42 times)
AF (22 times)
RAA (14 times)
LA (13 times)
1998 Comparison of arrhythmogenicity of atrial pacing at several right atrial pacing sites: evaluation of canine atrial electrograms during atrial pacing and arrhythmogenicity for atrial fibrillation.
biomass burning
(43 times)
Environmental Health
(35 times)
PMF (9 times)
BC (5 times)
OC (4 times)
2006 Effects of externally-through-internally-mixed soot inclusions within clouds and precipitation on global climate.
10  bombesin
(40 times)
Biochemistry
(12 times)
GRP (19 times)
NMB (8 times)
NT (5 times)
1981 The contractile effect of bombesin on the rat isolated urinary bladder.
11  black-blood
(36 times)
Radiology
(16 times)
MR (8 times)
CNR (6 times)
MRI (6 times)
2000 Noninvasive in vivo human coronary artery lumen and wall imaging using black-blood magnetic resonance imaging.
12  brilliant blue
(29 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
ILM (7 times)
SY (4 times)
ICG (3 times)
1987 Double-layered stick-type formulation of bleomycin for treatment of uterine cervical cancer.
13  benzyl benzoate
(27 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
BA (6 times)
PLA (5 times)
DBP (4 times)
1991 Short-term effect of solidified benzyl benzoate on mite-allergen concentrations in house dust.
14  bilobalide
(27 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
GB (13 times)
GA (11 times)
GC (6 times)
2000 Rapid analysis of terpene lactones in extract of Ginkgo biloba L. by high performance liquid chromatography.
15  broadband
(27 times)
Dermatology
(8 times)
NB (14 times)
PUVA (3 times)
UV (3 times)
1979 BSR (wave V) and N1 latencies in response to acoustic stimuli with different bandwidths.
16  Belgian Blue
(26 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(20 times)
HF (10 times)
AA (4 times)
CS (4 times)
2000 Effect of dietary energy and protein levels on fatty acid composition of intramuscular fat in double-muscled Belgian Blue bulls.
17  Brattleboro
(25 times)
Nephrology
(9 times)
AVP (9 times)
LE (7 times)
AQP2 (5 times)
1977 The critical importance of urinary concentrating ability in the generation of urinary carbon dioxide tension.
18  bronchial blocker
(22 times)
Anesthesiology
(16 times)
DLT (14 times)
OLV (12 times)
VATS (4 times)
1992 Operative lung constant positive airway pressure with the Univent bronchial blocker tube.
19  big bubble
(21 times)
Ophthalmology
(18 times)
DALK (10 times)
DM (7 times)
DL (2 times)
2012 Outcomes of deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty for keratoconus: learning curve and advantages of the big bubble technique.
20  bronchial brushing
(17 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
BAL (10 times)
BW (5 times)
TBB (3 times)
1990 [Diagnostic value of transbronchial lung biopsy in diffuse or peripheral lung lesions].
21  beta-adrenergic blockade
(16 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
AAD (1 time)
ACEI (1 time)
AF (1 time)
1977 Hemodynamic response to graded exercise after chronic beta-adrenergic blockade.
22  ball-bearing
(15 times)
Biophysics
(9 times)
MV (4 times)
CBCT (3 times)
IGRT (2 times)
1996 Modification of a pivot bearing system on a compact centrifugal pump.
23  bodybuilders
(15 times)
Sports Medicine
(7 times)
PT (2 times)
AR (1 time)
BMC (1 time)
1986 Motor unit fibre density in extremely hypertrophied skeletal muscles in man. Electrophysiological signs of muscle fibre hyperplasia.
24  Bandrowski's base
(14 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
PPD (9 times)
SDS (3 times)
BQ (2 times)
1993 Dissociation of allergenic and immunogenic functions in contact sensitivity to para-phenylenediamine.
25  broiler breeders
(13 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(10 times)
CB (2 times)
AI (1 time)
AIV (1 time)
1987 Determination of metabolizable energy of various diets using Leghorn, dwarf, and regular broiler breeder hens.
26  basketball
(12 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
VB (6 times)
SW (4 times)
HR (3 times)
1989 The effect of a competitive season on the body composition of university female athletes.
27  Big Blue
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
MF (5 times)
AA (3 times)
GA (3 times)
1995 Relative sensitivity of the endogenous hprt gene and lacI transgene in ENU-treated Big Blue B6C3F1 mice.
28  borderline borderline
(12 times)
Tropical Medicine
(6 times)
BL (11 times)
BT (10 times)
LL (6 times)
1983 Hepatitis-B virus infection in patients with leprosy--a brief communication.
29  bovine bone
(11 times)
Radiotherapy
(5 times)
PS (4 times)
AB (3 times)
5-FU (1 time)
2001 In vitro effect of gelatins on murine cell proliferation.
30  biceps brachii muscle
(10 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
MEPs (2 times)
ADM (1 time)
BR (1 time)
1993 [Model of "bridge" graft between the cervical spinal cord and biceps muscle using a peripheral nerve autograft. Study in adult rats].
31  Bonebridge
(10 times)
Otolaryngology
(9 times)
CI (2 times)
VSB (2 times)
BC-FMT (1 time)
2013 Transcutaneous bone-conduction hearing device: audiological and surgical aspects in a first series of patients with mixed hearing loss.
32  Box-Behnken
(10 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
PB (3 times)
RSM (2 times)
UAE (2 times)
2012 Optimization of ultrasound-assisted extraction (UAE) of flavonoids compounds (FC) from hawthorn seed (HS).
33  brilliant blue FCF
(10 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
MC (2 times)
MT (2 times)
ALG (1 time)
1996 Simultaneous determination of quinoline yellow and brilliant blue FCF in cosmetics by solid-phase spectrophotometry.
34  bromophenol blue
(10 times)
Anatomy
(2 times)
AM (2 times)
PAS (2 times)
BBG (1 time)
2002 A mathematical model and mechanism of sublation of dye-surfactant ion complexes.
35  bronchial biopsies
(10 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
BAL (3 times)
TB (3 times)
LC (2 times)
1992 Airway inflammation and occurrence of delayed bronchoconstriction in exercise-induced asthma.
36  buffer base
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BE (7 times)
ALP (1 time)
AP (1 time)
1979 [Chemical hazards connected with electrochemical machining. I. Toxicity of nitric oxides and chlorine lesions in rats' parenchymatous organs].
37  Building Blocks
(10 times)
Pediatrics
(5 times)
VIP (6 times)
BP (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2003 Redundant representations in evolutionary computation.
38  basal body
(9 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
TZ (2 times)
DL (1 time)
EDLS (1 time)
1987 Existence of a connecting system in the flagellar apparatus and the accessory structures of Trypanosoma evansi.
39  basal-bolus
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
BG (2 times)
T2DM (2 times)
1,5-AG (1 time)
2008 Comparison of twice-daily injections of biphasic insulin lispro and basal-bolus therapy: glycaemic control and quality-of-life of insulin-naive type 2 diabetic patients.
40  berberine
(9 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
AP (1 time)
CA (1 time)
CVD (1 time)
1999 Detection of DNA in agarose gels using berberine and Mordant Yellow 3R.
41  Brockmann bodies
(9 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
GK (2 times)
LXR (2 times)
ROS (2 times)
2007 Evidence for the presence of a glucosensor in hypothalamus, hindbrain, and Brockmann bodies of rainbow trout.
42  button batteries
(9 times)
Otolaryngology
(4 times)
FB (2 times)
2007 Ingested button battery retrieved by a modified magnet endoscope.
43  bacterial leaf blight
(8 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
Xoo (3 times)
ABL (1 time)
BILs (1 time)
2006 Dynamics of Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae Populations in Korea and Their Relationship to Known Bacterial Blight Resistance Genes.
44  BBdp
(8 times)
Endocrinology
(4 times)
HC (2 times)
AG (1 time)
AT (1 time)
1990 Adoptive transfer of diabetes in BB rats induced by CD4 T lymphocytes.
45  benzbromarone
(8 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
PZA (3 times)
3H-DM (2 times)
DM (2 times)
1990 Urinary metabolites of benzbromarone in man.
46  beta-binomial
(8 times)
Public Health
(3 times)
OR (2 times)
CCC (1 time)
EEE (1 time)
2009 Analysis of Binary Adherence Data in the Setting of Polypharmacy: A Comparison of Different Approaches.
47  black box
(8 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
EF (2 times)
GJ (2 times)
Rgj (2 times)
1999 Black body and transverse electromagnetic resonators operating at 340 MHz: volume RF coils for ultra high field MRI.
48  bacillibactin
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
PB (4 times)
3,4-DHB (1 time)
FeuA (1 time)
2006 Ferri-bacillibactin uptake and hydrolysis in Bacillus subtilis.
49  baseband
(7 times)
Biophysics
(7 times)
BER (6 times)
SMF (6 times)
RF (4 times)
2009 WDM up-conversion employing frequency quadrupling in optical modulator.
50  beta-adrenergic receptor blockers
(7 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
ACEI (2 times)
CHF (2 times)
CPX (2 times)
2003 Treatment of chronic heart failure in a managed care setting. Baseline results from the Achieving Cardiac Excellence Project.
51  black bean
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
BD (2 times)
NB (2 times)
alphaAI-4 (1 time)
2002 Protein structures of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) alpha-amylase inhibitors.
52  Blueberries
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
ROS (3 times)
DC (2 times)
DEN (2 times)
2009 Diets containing blueberry extract lower blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive stroke-prone rats.
53  broad-beam
(7 times)
Radiotherapy
(3 times)
MRT (5 times)
ESRF (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2008 The grid-dose-spreading algorithm for dose distribution calculation in heavy charged particle radiotherapy.
54  brush biopsy
(7 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
FB (3 times)
AB (1 time)
BA (1 time)
1977 The diagnostic accuracy and complications of closed lung biopsies.
55  barbital
(6 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
PB (3 times)
ACT (1 time)
BC (1 time)
1982 Promoting effects of phenobarbital and barbital on development of thyroid tumors in rats treated with N-bis(2-hydroxypropyl)nitrosamine.
56  belly board
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
SB (3 times)
CA (2 times)
CT (2 times)
2003 The relationship between belly board position and patient anatomy and its influence on dose-volume histogram of small bowel for postoperative radiotherapy of rectal cancer.
57  binaural beat
(6 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AEPs (1 time)
ASSR (1 time)
CMI (1 time)
1982 Clinical applications of selected binaural effects.
58  bridging bronchus
(6 times)
Pediatrics
(3 times)
DSCT (1 time)
LMB (1 time)
MDCT (1 time)
1988 Reconsideration of the anatomy of sling left pulmonary artery: the association of one form with bridging bronchus and imperforate anus. Anatomic and diagnostic aspects.
59  brominated biphenyl
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
HBCD (3 times)
PBDEs (2 times)
BDE (1 time)
2003 Qualitative evaluation of thermal desorption-programmable temperature vaporization-comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry for the analysis of selected halogenated contaminants.
60  brown bullhead
(6 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
CCV (2 times)
BP (1 time)
CCO (1 time)
1980 Channel catfish virus: comparative replication and sensitivity of cell lines from channel catfish ovary and the brown bullhead.
61  2-bromo-benzoate
(5 times)
Crystallography
(5 times)
DENA (2 times)
NA (2 times)
2008 Diaqua-bis(4-bromo-benzoato-kappaO,O')zinc(II).
62  BeautiBond
(5 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
GB (3 times)
AE (2 times)
SU (2 times)
2012 Marginal sealing durability of two contemporary self-etch adhesives.
63  BioBreed
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
BB/DP (1 time)
DAN (1 time)
E-C (1 time)
1991 Sucrase-alpha-dextrinase in diabetic BioBreed rats: reversible alteration of subunit structure.
64  Bogota bag
(5 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ABT (1 time)
BVP (1 time)
CL (1 time)
2007 Use of the "Bogota bag" for temporary abdominal closure in patients with secondary peritonitis.
65  Bothnian Bay
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
BS (2 times)
HCBz (2 times)
HCHs (2 times)
1998 Concentrations and spatial variations of cyclodienes and other organochlorines in herring and perch from the Baltic Sea.
66  Bovans Brown
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
HB (4 times)
DW (3 times)
BovW (1 time)
2011 Effect of diatomaceous earth on parasite load, egg production, and egg quality of free-range organic laying hens.
67  brachial biceps
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
AH (1 time)
AHP (1 time)
APB (1 time)
1982 Intramuscular variation of fiber types in the brachial biceps and the lateral vastus muscles of elderly men: how representative is a small biopsy sample?
68  brachial-basilic
(5 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
AVF (4 times)
BC (2 times)
DM (1 time)
2005 Excellent performance of one-stage brachial-basilic arteriovenous fistula.
69  branch and bound
(5 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
C/N (2 times)
ADT (1 time)
CF (1 time)
2008 A-optimality orthogonal forward regression algorithm using branch and bound.
70  Brucella broth
(5 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
BA (2 times)
BLBB (2 times)
BHIB (1 time)
1983 Biphasic culture system for rapid Campylobacter cultivation.
71  Bunina bodies
(5 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
ALS (3 times)
SI (3 times)
LBHI (2 times)
1992 Morphometry of spinal motor neurons in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis with special reference to chromatolysis and intracytoplasmic inclusion bodies.
72  baby boomer
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
HCV (2 times)
LT (2 times)
NASH (2 times)
2013 Improved survival of baby boomer women with early-stage uterine cancer: A Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Study.
73  backboard
(4 times)
Emergency Medicine
(2 times)
CC (2 times)
PP (2 times)
AV (1 time)
1996 The efficacy and comfort of full-body vacuum splints for cervical-spine immobilization.
74  Bacteria Biotope
(4 times)
Medical Informatics
(3 times)
BI (1 time)
GRN (1 time)
POS (1 time)
2012 Event extraction of bacteria biotopes: a knowledge-intensive NLP-based approach.
75  balbisiana
(4 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
AA (1 time)
AFLP (1 time)
BSD (1 time)
2002 Genetic Diversity in Musa acuminata Colla and Musa balbisiana Colla and some of their natural hybrids using AFLP Markers.
76  bamboo biochar
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
CM (1 time)
FC (1 time)
HMs (1 time)
2017 Using bamboo biochar with compost for the stabilization and phytotoxicity reduction of heavy metals in mine-contaminated soils of China.
77  basilen blue
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
GTN (2 times)
MDCK (2 times)
1,2-GDN (1 time)
1993 Comparison of liposome fusion and electroporation for the intracellular delivery of nonpermeant molecules to adherent cultured cells.
78  Bessel beam
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
GB (2 times)
DOF (1 time)
HA (1 time)
2014 Comparing efficiency and accuracy of the kinoform and the helical axicon as Bessel-Gauss beam generators.
79  BIG BROTHER
(4 times)
Botany
(2 times)
PRT1 (1 time)
TCP15 (1 time)
2006 The E3 ubiquitin ligase BIG BROTHER controls arabidopsis organ size in a dosage-dependent manner.
80  blood bank
(4 times)
Hematology
(3 times)
CSCCs (1 time)
PRP (1 time)
RBC (1 time)
2003 Comparison of platelet, leukocyte, and growth factor levels in point-of-care platelet-enriched plasma, prepared using a modified Curasan kit, with preparations received from a local blood bank.
81  blue-blocking
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
CFF (1 time)
CI (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2016 Blue-blocking glasses as additive treatment for mania: a randomized placebo-controlled trial.
82  Bohm bristles
(4 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
SB (2 times)
SC (2 times)
Au (1 time)
2009 Scanning electron microscopy studies of antennal sensilla of bruchid beetles, Callosobruchus chinensis (L.) and Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae).
83  Bolton broth
(4 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
CCDA (2 times)
PB (2 times)
BBc (1 time)
2000 Comparison of three enrichment media for the isolation of Campylobacter spp. from foods.
84  bovine brucellosis
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
HB (1 time)
LVU (1 time)
PR (1 time)
2010 Reply to letter to the editor by Blasco and Moriyon (2009) concerning the manuscript "Eradication of bovine brucellosis (BB) in the Azores, Portugal-Outcome of a 5-year programme (2002-2007) based on test-and-slaughter and RB51 vaccination" by H. Martins et al. (2009).
85  Box and Block Test
(4 times)
Rehabilitation
(3 times)
FM (3 times)
MI (2 times)
AMAT (1 time)
2007 Hand rehabilitation following stroke: a pilot study of assisted finger extension training in a virtual environment.
86  Box and Blocks
(4 times)
Rehabilitation
(4 times)
a-tDCS (1 time)
GMP (1 time)
GWMFT (1 time)
2011 A pilot study to assess use of passive extension bias to facilitate finger movement for repetitive task practice after stroke.
87  breath-by-breath
(4 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
FRC (1 time)
VO2A (1 time)
1979 Breath-by-breath variation of FRC: effect on VO2 and VCO2 measured at the mouth.
88  bundle branches
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
alpha-CA (1 time)
alpha-SKA (1 time)
AV (1 time)
1987 Light and electron microscopic structure of the cardiac Purkinje fibers--review.
89  baby boomers
(3 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
FIGO (1 time)
IRB (1 time)
2010 Canadian Alzheimer's disease caregiver survey: baby-boomer caregivers and burden of care.
90  Ball-Berry
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
PFTs (1 time)
SPA (1 time)
2013 Comparing the performance of different stomatal conductance models using modelled and measured plant carbon isotope ratios (delta(13) C): implications for assessing physiological forcing.
91  band bending
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ARPES (1 time)
DP (1 time)
MDCs (1 time)
2015 Thermodynamic precursors, liquid-liquid transitions, dynamic and topological anomalies in densified liquid germania.
92  band-broadening
(3 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(3 times)
SEC (3 times)
EMG (1 time)
MMD (1 time)
2005 Alternative approaches for the estimation of the band broadening parameters in single-detection size exclusion chromatography.
93  barbell
(3 times)
Physical Fitness
(2 times)
RA (2 times)
AD (1 time)
CE (1 time)
2007 Specificity of machine, barbell, and water-filled log bench press resistance training on measures of strength.
94  barramundi brain
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
IFN (3 times)
NNV (3 times)
BMx (2 times)
2006 Persistence of betanodavirus in Barramundi brain (BB) cell line involves the induction of Interferon response.
95  Barzilai-Borwein
(3 times)
Biology
(2 times)
ABOCS (1 time)
FBP (1 time)
GIST (1 time)
2013 A General Iterative Shrinkage and Thresholding Algorithm for Non-convex Regularized Optimization Problems.
96  beam balance
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BW (2 times)
TBI (2 times)
CCI (1 time)
2003 Moderate hypothermia improves neurobehavioral deficits after an epidural focal mass lesion in rodents.
97  beta-blocking agents
(3 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
AC (1 time)
AT (1 time)
ATAs (1 time)
2007 [Interrelationship between changes of rate and variability of cardiac rhythm under influence of beta-adrenoblockers].
98  bidentate binuclear
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
MM (3 times)
DFT (2 times)
MEA (2 times)
2011 Coordination structure of adsorbed Zn(II) at water-TiO2 interfaces.
99  Bifidobacterium bifidum
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
LA (2 times)
BL (1 time)
CD (1 time)
1992 Effect of Bifidobacterium bifidum and Lactobacillus acidophilus on gut mucosa and peripheral blood B lymphocytes.
100  bilirubin
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ALB (2 times)
ALP (2 times)
CK (2 times)
2002 [Release of cytochrome C with the interaction of bilirubin, amyloid beta-peptide and glycochenodeoxycholate from isolated mitochondria].