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Abbreviation: BDL
Appearance Frequency: 1377 time(s)
Long forms: 55

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
bile duct ligation
(1182 times)
Gastroenterology
(425 times)
HSCs (87 times)
alpha-SMA (51 times)
NO (45 times)
1972 Effect of chronic bile duct obstruction on renal handling of salt and water.
below detection limit
(61 times)
Environmental Health
(45 times)
OCPs (5 times)
Cd (3 times)
Cr (3 times)
2001 137Cs concentration in the environment of Kaiga of south west coast of India.
bile duct
(35 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
MDA (6 times)
ELISA (2 times)
IL-6 (2 times)
1982 Renal handling of salt and water in the early stage of obstructive jaundice in rabbits.
bile duct-ligated rats
(13 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
ECM (2 times)
ELISA (2 times)
cGMP (1 time)
1996 Tumor necrosis factor unresponsiveness after surgery in bile duct-ligated rats.
bile duct ligation and scission
(11 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
MDA (4 times)
AST (3 times)
LDH (3 times)
1993 Impaired response to alloantigens in murine biliary obstruction.
BODENLOS
(8 times)
Botany
(4 times)
mp (5 times)
ARF (3 times)
abn (1 time)
1999 The auxin-insensitive bodenlos mutation affects primary root formation and apical-basal patterning in the Arabidopsis embryo.
bile duct lesion
(4 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
SS (3 times)
CY (1 time)
1990 Modification of swine serum-induced bile duct lesion in BALB/c mice by cyclophosphamide.
biological detection limit
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
EDL (1 time)
EDLs (1 time)
OTCs (1 time)
2005 Determination of biochemical relapse after radical prostatectomy by biological detection limit (BDL) after cystoprostatectomy using two PSA assays.
1,4-butanediol
(3 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
GHB (3 times)
GBL (2 times)
FR 20 (1 time)
2003 Evaluation of the reinforcing and discriminative stimulus effects of 1,4-butanediol and gamma-butyrolactone in rhesus monkeys.
10  2,3-butanediol
(3 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
EPS (1 time)
2000 Enhanced 2,3-butanediol production by addition of acetic acid in Paenibacillus polymyxa.
11  bile duct ligation model
(3 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
ECM (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
ELISAs (1 time)
2004 Sho-saiko-to prevents liver fibrosis induced by bile duct ligation in rats.
12  bacterial DNA load
(2 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CRP (2 times)
CAP (1 time)
CoNS (1 time)
2009 Streptococcus pneumoniae DNA load in blood as a marker of infection in patients with community-acquired pneumonia.
13  bendazac lysine
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AGE (1 time)
AR (1 time)
DN (1 time)
2005 Protective effects of bendazac lysine on early experimental diabetic nephropathy in rats.
14  benzenediol lactone
(2 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
iPKS (1 time)
iPKSs (1 time)
2014 Insights into the biosynthesis of 12-membered resorcylic acid lactones from heterologous production in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
15  bone defect levels
(2 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
ACL (2 times)
CAL (2 times)
GML (2 times)
2002 Clinical and radiographic evaluation of periodontal intrabony defects treated with guided tissue regeneration. A pilot study.
16  borderline
(2 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
HAMD (1 time)
PD (1 time)
1992 The nature of depression in borderline depressed patients.
17  bursal duct prior to hatching
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
Ig (1 time)
1985 The bursa of Fabricius: a trapping site for environmental antigens.
18  B cells expressing IgD at a low level
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Mature IgDlow/- B cells maintain tolerance by promoting regulatory T cell homeostasis.
19  B-cell diffuse large malignant lymphoma
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
AILD (1 time)
ATLL (1 time)
HNL (1 time)
2000 Cytoplasmic cytokines in lymphoproliferative disorders: multiple cytokine production in angioimmunoblastic lymphadenopathy with dysproteinemia.
20  Backstrand Dahlberg Liljenas Balance Scale
(1 time)
Physical Medicine
(1 time)
BBS (1 time)
mUPDRS (1 time)
PD (1 time)
2017 Assessing postural balance in early Parkinson's Disease-validity of the BDL balance scale.
21  BD of L3-L5 vertebral bone
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
BDF (1 time)
BV/TV (1 time)
2004 Prolonged magnesium deficiency causes osteoporosis in the rat.
22  BDL for two weeks
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ER (1 time)
MT2 (1 time)
2016 Melatonin Alleviates Liver Apoptosis in Bile Duct Ligation Young Rats.
23  BDL group
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
ADMA (1 time)
HE (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2010 The interaction between high ammonia diet and bile duct ligation in developing rats: assessment by spatial memory and asymmetric dimethylarginine.
24  BDL surgery
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
MEL (1 time)
2016 Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory action of melatonin in an experimental model of secondary biliary cirrhosis induced by bile duct ligation.
25  beam data library
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
TPS (1 time)
2011 A Monte Carlo pencil beam scanning model for proton treatment plan simulation using GATE/GEANT4.
26  Becton Dickinson lysis
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
AC (1 time)
CQP (1 time)
FI (1 time)
1995 Comparison of four lymphocyte isolation methods applied to rodent T cell subpopulations and B cells.
27  below the analytical limit of detection
(1 time)
Chemistry, Clinical
(1 time)
DRE (1 time)
PCa (1 time)
2016 Comparative analysis of prostate cancer specific biomarkers PCA3 and ERG in whole urine, urinary sediments and exosomes.
28  below the determination level
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
--- 2015 Fate of thiodicarb and its metabolite methomyl in sandy loam soil under laboratory conditions.
29  below the minimum detection limit
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
--- 2001 The concentration of pesticides in sediments from Kolleru Lake in India.
30  betamethasone dipropionate lotion
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
AA (1 time)
BVF (1 time)
RGS (1 time)
2003 Efficacy of betamethasone valerate foam formulation in comparison with betamethasone dipropionate lotion in the treatment of mild-to-moderate alopecia areata: a multicenter, prospective, randomized, controlled, investigator-blinded trial.
31  between ECV and hepatic hydroxyproline content
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
ECV (1 time)
2018 Quantification of Liver Fibrosis at T1 and T2 Mapping with Extracellular Volume Fraction MRI: Preclinical Results.
32  Bhattacharya distance level set
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
CVL (1 time)
GC (1 time)
LCVL (1 time)
2017 A pilot study for segmentation of pharyngeal and sino-nasal airway subregions by automatic contour initialization.
33  bilateral dorsal lumbotomy
(1 time)
Urology
(1 time)
BPN (1 time)
TL (1 time)
2009 The optimum approach for pre-transplant bilateral nephrectomy in small kidneys: dorsal lumbotomy vs laparoscopy.
34  bile duct ligation and excision-induced cirrhosis
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ADMA (1 time)
DDAH (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2016 Effects of asymmetric dimethylarginine on renal arteries in portal hypertension and cirrhosis.
35  bile duct ligation without meloxicam treatment
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
CG (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
GI (1 time)
2014 Gut-liver axis improves with meloxicam treatment after cirrhotic liver resection.
36  bile duct ligation-induced
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
CCK-8 (1 time)
DMN (1 time)
2016 Synergistic anti-liver fibrosis actions of total astragalus saponins and glycyrrhizic acid via TGF-beta1/Smads signaling pathway modulation.
37  bile duct obstruction
(1 time)
Laboratory Techniques and Procedures
(1 time)
alpha-CGRP (1 time)
KO (1 time)
WT (1 time)
2007 Knockout of alpha-calcitonin gene-related peptide reduces cholangiocyte proliferation in bile duct ligated mice.
38  bile duct of Luschka
(1 time)
Diagnostic Imaging
(1 time)
US (1 time)
2013 Duct of Luschka diagnosed by sonography in a patient with bile duct carcinoma and intrahepatic bile duct dilatation.
39  bile duct was subjected to ligation
(1 time)
Bacteriology
(1 time)
ALT (1 time)
AOC (1 time)
LPS (1 time)
2019 Shenfu Injection Attenuates Bile Duct Injury in Rats with Acute Obstructive Cholangitis.
40  bile duct- ligated noncirrhotic portal hypertensive
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
ET-1 (1 time)
NO (1 time)
1999 Endothelin-1 modulates intrahepatic resistance in a rat model of noncirrhotic portal hypertension.
41  bile ducts of female Sprague Dawley rats were ligated
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
MDA (1 time)
MPO (1 time)
2017 Treatment with milk thistle extract (Silybum marianum), ursodeoxycholic acid, or their combination attenuates cholestatic liver injury in rats: Role of the hepatic stem cells.
42  bile ducts were ligated
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2013 The effects of bile duct obstruction on liver volume: an experimental study.
43  bile ductulelike
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
--- 1991 Characterizations of and interactions between bile ductule cells and hepatocytes in early stages of rat hepatocarcinogenesis induced by ethionine.
44  biliary duct
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
Hpr (1 time)
2006 Hepatic damage in biliary-obstructed rats is ameliorated by leflunomide treatment.
45  biodefense digital library
(1 time)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2007 Delivering biodefense continuing education to military medical providers by allowing a biodefense educational curriculum to unfold in practice.
46  Biodefense Laboratory
(1 time)
Disaster Medicine
(1 time)
NYS (1 time)
PPE (1 time)
2006 The CODE RED Solution: biothreat response training for first responders.
47  Blunt diaphragmatic lesions
(1 time)
Radiography
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
2016 Blunt diaphragmatic lesions: Imaging findings and pitfalls.
48  body diagonal length
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AW (1 time)
BL (1 time)
BM (1 time)
2017 Assessment of body fat composition in crossbred Angus Nellore using biometric measurements.
49  bone defect length
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
TG (1 time)
2012 Clinical evaluation of a ridge augmentation procedure for the severely resorbed alveolar socket: multicenter randomized controlled trial, preliminary results.
50  bookmark difficulty location
(1 time)
Statistics as Topic
(1 time)
--- 2009 Standard setting with dichotomous and constructed response items: some Rasch model approaches.
51  bp sequence corresponding to LIC-2 1,339-1,395 nts
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
LIC (1 time)
nts (1 time)
RT-PCR (1 time)
1998 Characterization of cytoplasmic dynein light-intermediate chain isoforms in rat testis.
52  Breast Density Law
(1 time)
Radiology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Impact of the California Breast Density Law on Screening Breast MR Utilization, Provider Ordering Practices, and Patient Demographics.
53  bright-dark discrimination learning
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
Cav-1 (1 time)
SLA (1 time)
2006 [Expression of caveolin-1 protein in the rat brain and its role in the discrimination learning].
54  bursal duct
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1985 The bursa of Fabricius as a trapping mechanism for environmental antigens.
55  bursal duct ligation
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
MIgG (1 time)
2012 The origin of IgG-containing cells in the bursa of Fabricius.