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Abbreviation: BE
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Long forms: 496

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Barrett's esophagus
(1748 times)
Gastroenterology
(918 times)
EAC (366 times)
HGD (220 times)
GERD (208 times)
1983 Barrett's esophagus. Functional assessment, proposed pathogenesis, and surgical therapy.
base excess
(429 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(48 times)
MAP (32 times)
Hb (25 times)
HR (16 times)
1972 [Studies of maternal acid-base equilibrium. I. Normal values of pH, pCO 2 and base excess (BE) in venous blood].
bioequivalence
(230 times)
Pharmacology
(188 times)
IR (40 times)
BCS (39 times)
PK (32 times)
1991 Harmonization of bioavailability and bioequivalence requirements.
benzoylecgonine
(217 times)
Toxicology
(58 times)
COC (57 times)
EME (55 times)
CE (20 times)
1977 Detection of benzoylecgonine in human urine.
beta-endorphin
(125 times)
Neurology
(24 times)
ME (15 times)
SP (14 times)
POMC (9 times)
1983 The effect of gamma-hydroxybutyrate and anticonvulsants on opioid peptide content in the rat brain.
binge eating
(95 times)
Behavioral Sciences
(37 times)
BED (11 times)
BES (8 times)
BMI (7 times)
2003 Gender differences in binge-eating: a population-based twin study.
binding energy
(81 times)
Chemistry
(48 times)
XPS (15 times)
DFT (10 times)
EA (3 times)
1985 Reactivity and activation of dioxygen-derived species in aprotic media (a model matrix for biomembranes).
2-butoxyethanol
(59 times)
Toxicology
(31 times)
BAA (26 times)
EE (12 times)
ME (7 times)
1987 Percutaneous absorption, metabolism, and hemolytic activity of n-butoxyethanol.
barium enema
(59 times)
Radiology
(20 times)
CT (14 times)
CTC (7 times)
US (5 times)
1976 The double-contrast enema: myths and misconceptions.
10  bacterial endocarditis
(58 times)
Medicine
(11 times)
TF (4 times)
AHA (2 times)
CCTs (2 times)
1975 A forty-year review of bacterial endocarditis in infancy and childhood.
11  bronchiectasis
(52 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(20 times)
HRCT (8 times)
CF (7 times)
COPD (7 times)
1989 [Clinical evaluation of serum sialyl Lewis X-i (SLX) in diffuse panbronchiolitis].
12  built environment
(46 times)
Public Health
(24 times)
PA (13 times)
MVPA (4 times)
GIS (3 times)
2010 Effects of the built environment on physical activity of adults living in rural settings.
13  branching enzyme
(41 times)
Botany
(10 times)
SS (9 times)
DP (7 times)
AM (4 times)
1979 Developmental changes of glycogen enzymes in fast and slow muscles of the rat.
14  biological efficiency
(40 times)
Microbiology
(20 times)
PR (3 times)
AB (2 times)
SD (2 times)
1986 Effects of genotype, spawn run time, and substrate formulation on biological efficiency of shiitake.
15  bystander effect
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(9 times)
AR (9 times)
GCV (6 times)
GJIC (6 times)
1998 Induction of anti-tumour immunity by suicide-gene-modified HPV-16-transformed hamster cells.
16  bladder exstrophy
(35 times)
Pediatrics
(15 times)
CE (5 times)
CPRE (4 times)
BNR (3 times)
1994 Comparative epidemiology of selected midline congenital abnormalities.
17  brain edema
(23 times)
Neurosurgery
(6 times)
DKA (5 times)
BBB (3 times)
T1DM (3 times)
1976 Cerebral circulation after head injury. Part 2: The effects of traumatic brain edema.
18  baicalein
(22 times)
Pharmacology
(11 times)
BI (3 times)
ROS (3 times)
BA (2 times)
2006 Baicalein inhibition of oxidative-stress-induced apoptosis via modulation of ERKs activation and induction of HO-1 gene expression in rat glioma cells C6.
19  balloon-expandable
(21 times)
Cardiology
(18 times)
SE (18 times)
TAVR (9 times)
tAVI (5 times)
2001 Comparison of self-expanding and balloon-expandable stents for the reduction of restenosis.
20  Biomonitoring Equivalents
(20 times)
Toxicology
(16 times)
BEs (6 times)
NHANES (5 times)
POD (3 times)
2008 Biomonitoring Equivalents (BE) dossier for trihalomethanes.
21  boundary element
(20 times)
Audiology
(5 times)
MRI (3 times)
BSP (1 time)
ECG (1 time)
1989 On the numerical accuracy of the boundary element method.
22  brainstem encephalitis
(15 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
EV71 (9 times)
PE (8 times)
ANS (6 times)
2003 Pathogenesis of enterovirus 71 brainstem encephalitis in pediatric patients: roles of cytokines and cellular immune activation in patients with pulmonary edema.
23  Barrett's epithelium
(14 times)
Gastroenterology
(9 times)
APC (3 times)
EAC (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1997 Cellular kinetics in Barrett's epithelium carcinogenic sequence: roles of apoptosis, bcl-2 protein, and cellular proliferation.
24  bicycle ergometer
(14 times)
Cardiology
(4 times)
TLAP (2 times)
TM (2 times)
ACE (1 time)
1981 [Plasma catecholamines, metabolic substrates, aerobic and anaerobic capacity during graduated treadmill and bicycle ergometer exercise (author's transl)].
25  boundary extension
(14 times)
Psychology
(10 times)
BR (1 time)
fMRI (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2002 Surface construal and the mental representation of scenes.
26  beef extract
(12 times)
Microbiology
(6 times)
AEDA (2 times)
2-furanmethanethiol (1 time)
AS (1 time)
1976 Comparison of four eluents in the recovery of indigenous viruses from raw sludge.
27  behavioral economic
(12 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(4 times)
ASDE (2 times)
APT (1 time)
ARVs (1 time)
2012 Predictors of utilization of an IVR self-monitoring program by problem drinkers with recent natural resolutions.
28  Belgium
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
NL (11 times)
SE (6 times)
DK (4 times)
2005 Biowaiver monographs for immediate release solid oral dosage forms based on biopharmaceutics classification system (BCS) literature data: chloroquine phosphate, chloroquine sulfate, and chloroquine hydrochloride.
29  broken egg
(12 times)
Genetics
(4 times)
KL (10 times)
KR (10 times)
MN (10 times)
2002 Micronucleus investigation of alcoholic patients with oral carcinomas.
30  n-butanol extract
(12 times)
Food
(3 times)
EE (4 times)
EAE (2 times)
ME (2 times)
1993 Characterization of mouse monoclonal antibodies against common and repeated epitopes of different developmental stages of Schistosoma mansoni.
31  Bayesian estimation
(11 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
MLE (3 times)
ML (2 times)
CM (1 time)
1988 Single-scan Bayes estimation of cerebral glucose metabolic rate: comparison with non-Bayes single-scan methods using FDG PET scans in stroke.
32  balloon enteroscopy
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
CE (5 times)
GI (2 times)
MRE (2 times)
2011 Spiral enteroscopy for therapeutic ERCP in patients with surgically altered anatomy: actual technique and review of the literature.
33  bilberry extract
(10 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
ROS (3 times)
2,4'-CB (1 time)
2-CB (1 time)
2006 Berberry extract reduces neuronal damage and N-Methyl-D-aspartate receptor 1 immunoreactivity in the gerbil hippocampus after transient forebrain ischemia.
34  bronchial epithelial
(10 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
RV (2 times)
AE (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
1989 Discrimination of normal and transformed cells in vitro by cytologic and morphologic analysis.
35  below-elbow
(9 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
AE (6 times)
NCSs (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
1983 Motor and sensory ulnar nerve conduction velocities: effect of elbow position.
36  betulin
(9 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
BA (3 times)
IL-1beta (2 times)
IL-6 (2 times)
2009 Betulin is a potent anti-tumor agent that is enhanced by cholesterol.
37  bicycle exercise
(9 times)
Therapeutics
(4 times)
a-fv (1 time)
ARF (1 time)
ECGM (1 time)
1993 Variable effects of beta-adrenoceptor blockade on muscle blood flow during exercise.
38  backscattered electron
(8 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(3 times)
SE (2 times)
SEM (2 times)
BMD (1 time)
1987 Phenotypically heterogeneous deletion of the ABH antigen from the transformed bladder urothelium. A scanning electron microscope study.
39  before exercise
(8 times)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(3 times)
AE (6 times)
DE (6 times)
CF (3 times)
2006 Allium vegetable diet can reduce the exercise-induced oxidative stress but does not alter plasma cholesterol profile in rats.
40  binge eating behavior
(8 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
BD (3 times)
GWA (2 times)
PR (2 times)
2012 Binge eating during pregnancy and birth outcomes: a cohort study in a disadvantaged population in Brazil.
41  both eyes
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(6 times)
LE (5 times)
BCVA (2 times)
RE (2 times)
1994 HIV-related ocular microangiopathic syndrome and color contrast sensitivity.
42  bromoethane
(8 times)
Botany
(3 times)
AD (2 times)
ABA (1 time)
AC (1 time)
1985 Carcinogenicity bioassays of bromoacetaldehyde and bromoethanol--potential metabolites of dibromoethane.
43  backward elimination
(7 times)
Medical Informatics
(4 times)
ADA (1 time)
BIC (1 time)
CAD (1 time)
2006 Novel unsupervised feature filtering of biological data.
44  Barrett's metaplasia
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
EAC (5 times)
ESCC (4 times)
GERD (2 times)
2007 Hypermethylation of the nel-like 1 gene is a common and early event and is associated with poor prognosis in early-stage esophageal adenocarcinoma.
45  bereavement exclusion
(7 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
BRD (1 time)
MD (1 time)
MDE (1 time)
2011 DSM bereavement exclusion for major depression and objective cognitive impairment.
46  bilirubin encephalopathy
(7 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
ABE (1 time)
ABR (1 time)
AoP (1 time)
1995 Erythrocyte glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency and neonatal jaundice.
47  black soybean seed coat extract
(7 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
PCs (2 times)
AAPH (1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
2011 A black soybean seed coat extract prevents obesity and glucose intolerance by up-regulating uncoupling proteins and down-regulating inflammatory cytokines in high-fat diet-fed mice.
48  blending effect
(7 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
TP (2 times)
AIA (1 time)
BA (1 time)
1983 [Studies of anti-lymphocyte antibodies, with special reference to anti-B cell antibodies in choriocarcinoma].
49  Brucella endocarditis
(7 times)
Cardiology
(2 times)
PV (1 time)
1997 Conservative treatment for Brucella endocarditis.
50  B-endorphin
(6 times)
Psychophysiology
(3 times)
CRH (2 times)
POMC (2 times)
ACTH (1 time)
1981 Effect of ceruletide on pituitary-hypothalamic peptides and on emotion in man.
51  benzene
(6 times)
Complementary Therapies
(3 times)
AE (5 times)
PE (5 times)
EAE (1 time)
1994 Antioxidative effect of extracts from Erodium cicutarium L.
52  berberine
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
BA (3 times)
GL (2 times)
GS (2 times)
2004 A selective and sensitive assay of berberine using total internal reflected resonance light scattering technique with fluorescein at the water/1,2-dichloroethane interface.
53  best-estimate
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
FH (2 times)
RMSD (2 times)
DFT (1 time)
1994 Biases in the diagnosis of alcoholism by the family history method.
54  bestatin
(6 times)
Brain
(5 times)
AM (5 times)
AII (3 times)
i.c.v (3 times)
1987 Binding, degradation and pressor activity of angiotensins II and III after aminopeptidase inhibition with amastatin and bestatin.
55  better eye
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
WE (4 times)
AMD (1 time)
CS (1 time)
2003 Prevalence of hearing impairment in a population in Sweden.
56  biliary epithelial
(6 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
EBs (2 times)
EGF (2 times)
ES (2 times)
1996 Inhibition of PDC-E2 human combinatorial autoantibodies by peptide mimotopes.
57  brain extract
(6 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
EGF (1 time)
EGFR (1 time)
ET (1 time)
1982 Attachment and growth of human keratinocytes in a serum-free environment.
58  back extension
(5 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
iEMG (2 times)
Add (1 time)
BTE (1 time)
2008 Trunk muscle activity during stability ball and free weight exercises.
59  barium-enema examination
(5 times)
Radiology
(5 times)
CRT (1 time)
JCCC (1 time)
UFT (1 time)
1976 Predictive factors and mechanism of arrhythmias and myocardial ischaemic changes in elderly patients during barium enema.
60  basal epithelium
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BECM (1 time)
CN (1 time)
LM (1 time)
1983 Characteristics of chicken intraembryonic cells that express B-L (Ia-like) antigen under the influence of cultured bursal epithelium.
61  basic encephalitogenic protein
(5 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
EAE (2 times)
ATM (1 time)
CNS (1 time)
1975 Neuritogenic and encephalitogenic properties of the peripheral nerve basic proteins.
62  boar exposure
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
LS (2 times)
CBCT (1 time)
CRI (1 time)
1987 Endocrine changes before and after weaning in response to boar exposure and altered suckling in sows.
63  bottom electrode
(5 times)
Nanotechnology
(4 times)
CF (1 time)
EDS (1 time)
MO (1 time)
2010 Controllable growth of nanoscale conductive filaments in solid-electrolyte-based ReRAM by using a metal nanocrystal covered bottom electrode.
64  breathing exercises
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
IMT (2 times)
AC (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
1994 [Long-term effects of breathing exercises and yoga in patients with bronchial asthma].
65  balloon expulsion
(4 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
SE (3 times)
AUC (2 times)
HRAM (2 times)
1998 Hypothermia influences time course of intracranial pressure, brain temperature, EEG and microcirculation during ischemia-reperfusion.
66  banaba extract
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
GLUT4 (2 times)
BET (1 time)
BME (1 time)
2001 An extract of Lagerstroemia speciosa L. has insulin-like glucose uptake-stimulatory and adipocyte differentiation-inhibitory activities in 3T3-L1 cells.
67  band edge
(4 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
CVD (1 time)
EDX (1 time)
HNS (1 time)
2005 Contrast analysis of dislocation images in TEM-cathodoluminescence technique.
68  barium esophagram
(4 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
AL (1 time)
CT (1 time)
EGD (1 time)
2008 Laparoscopic repair of giant paraesophageal hernia results in long-term patient satisfaction and a durable repair.
69  base editor
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(3 times)
BE-PLUS (1 time)
HF2-BE2 (1 time)
iSTOP (1 time)
2017 Effective gene editing by high-fidelity base editor 2 in mouse zygotes.
70  before
(4 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
AE (2 times)
AF (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
1990 Effects of timing of food and fluid volume on cefetamet pivoxil absorption in healthy normal volunteers.
71  behavioral expectation
(4 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
BI (3 times)
AEPs (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2005 [The comparison of nicotine replacement therapy and behavioral education in smoking cessation: a study of naturalistic follow-up].
72  behaviors
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
MH (2 times)
PF (2 times)
RP (2 times)
2004 Genetic and environmental influences on binge eating in the absence of compensatory behaviors: a population-based twin study.
73  benign
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
BC (2 times)
MS (2 times)
PP (2 times)
1996 Macroscopic and microscopic assessments of disease burden by MRI in multiple sclerosis: relationship to clinical parameters.
74  benign endometrium
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
8-OHdG (1 time)
ACH (1 time)
AH (1 time)
2003 Endometrial brush biopsy. An accurate outpatient method of detecting endometrial malignancy.
75  bethanechol
(4 times)
Urology
(2 times)
SS (2 times)
AcH (1 time)
alpha,beta-meATP (1 time)
1998 Bethanechol activates a post-receptor negative feedback mechanism in rabbit urinary bladder smooth muscle.
76  bevacizumab
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
HAI (2 times)
OX (2 times)
CAM (1 time)
2012 Hepatic arterial infusion of bevacizumab in combination with oxaliplatin reduces tumor growth in a rat model of colorectal liver metastases.
77  bilateral exploration
(4 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
IOPTH (2 times)
LE (2 times)
MGD (2 times)
2007 Long-term follow-up after parathyroidectomy for radiation-induced hyperparathyroidism.
78  Binswanger's encephalopathy
(4 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
ABEA (1 time)
HH (1 time)
HT (1 time)
1995 Serum anti-brain endothelium antibodies and cognitive assessment in patients with Binswanger's encephalopathy.
79  bioemulsifier
(4 times)
Biotechnology
(2 times)
BS (3 times)
GC-MS (2 times)
AHLs (1 time)
2010 Biosurfactants, bioemulsifiers and exopolysaccharides from marine microorganisms.
80  bizarre experiences
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(4 times)
PA (3 times)
PLEs (3 times)
PI (2 times)
2010 Psychotic-like experiences and correlation with distress and depressive symptoms in a community sample of adolescents and young adults.
81  blueberry extract
(4 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(3 times)
C. elegans (1 time)
CC (1 time)
COX (1 time)
2016 Preventive and therapeutic effects of blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum) extract against DSS-induced ulcerative colitis by regulation of antioxidant and inflammatory mediators.
82  body energy
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
BCS (2 times)
DFT (1 time)
EBW (1 time)
1990 Effects of body composition, pre- and postpartum energy intake and stage of production of energy utilization by beef cows.
83  body esteem
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(2 times)
BESAA (1 time)
ESE (1 time)
ISE (1 time)
2001 Body-esteem scale for adolescents and adults.
84  Bose-Einstein
(4 times)
Physics
(2 times)
FD (2 times)
M-B (2 times)
BCs (1 time)
2010 Arrhenius-kinetics evidence for quantum tunneling in microbial "social" decision rates.
85  bovine enamel
(4 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
Ti (3 times)
DB (1 time)
GCS (1 time)
2010 Influence of saliva substitute films on the initial adhesion of Candida albicans to dental substrata prior to and after artificial ageing.
86  broccoli extract
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AI (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
COPs (1 time)
2008 Green tea catechins and broccoli reduce fat-induced mortality in Drosophila melanogaster.
87  bronchial epithelial cells
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(2 times)
AM (2 times)
CMt (2 times)
BAL (1 time)
1990 Transformed human bronchial epithelial cells (BEAS-2B) alter the growth and morphology of normal human bronchial epithelial cells in vitro.
88  background enhancement
(3 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
MR (2 times)
BI-RADS (1 time)
CP (1 time)
2010 Correlation between breast density in mammography and background enhancement in MR mammography.
89  backward extrapolation
(3 times)
Sports Medicine
(2 times)
HR (1 time)
1981 VO2 peak during free swimming using the backward extrapolation of the O2 recovery curve.
90  bactericidal effect
(3 times)
Drug Therapy
(2 times)
FIC (1 time)
Hib (1 time)
LOS (1 time)
1986 Immunity to Haemophilus influenzae type b in young adults: correlation of bactericidal and opsonizing activity of serum with antibody to polyribosylribitol phosphate and lipooligosaccharide before and after vaccination.
91  baked egg
(3 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
BM (1 time)
OFC (1 time)
RCT (1 time)
2017 Randomised controlled trial of a baked egg intervention in young children allergic to raw egg but not baked egg.
92  Band erosion
(3 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
ASGB (1 time)
DRYGBP (1 time)
LAGB (1 time)
1999 Adjustable silicone gastric banding and band erosion: personal experience and hypotheses.
93  band excitation
(3 times)
Nanotechnology
(2 times)
KPFM (2 times)
SPM (2 times)
cKPFM (1 time)
2015 Quantitative 3D-KPFM imaging with simultaneous electrostatic force and force gradient detection.
94  Barrett's oesophageal epithelium
(3 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
AC (1 time)
COX (1 time)
COX-2 (1 time)
2002 Inflammatory gradient in Barrett's oesophagus: implications for disease complications.
95  Beautifil
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
CL (1 time)
CM (1 time)
DY (1 time)
2003 Color differences and color changes in Vita Shade tooth-colored restorative materials.
96  bilberry anthocyanin-rich extract
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
HF (1 time)
2010 Nutrigenomic analysis of the protective effects of bilberry anthocyanin-rich extract in apo E-deficient mice.
97  binge eaters
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
NBE (2 times)
BIB (1 time)
BSQ (1 time)
1993 Associated factors for self-reported binge eating among male and female adolescents.
98  binocular enucleation
(3 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
ME (3 times)
DR (1 time)
DTI (1 time)
1991 Organization of callosal connections in the visual cortex of the rabbit following neonatal enucleation, dark rearing, and strobe rearing.
99  binocular exposure
(3 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
ME (2 times)
MD (1 time)
2007 Monocular deprivation reduces reliability of visual cortical responses to binocular disparity stimuli.
100  biodegradation efficiency
(3 times)
Biotechnology
(3 times)
rGONR (2 times)
XRD (2 times)
BS (1 time)
2007 Role of Serratia marcescens ACE2 on diesel degradation and its influence on corrosion.