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Abbreviation: BF
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Long forms: 554

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
blood flow
(696 times)
Radiology
(130 times)
BV (220 times)
MTT (119 times)
PS (94 times)
1975 Forearm blood flow during body temperature transients produced by leg exercise.
biceps femoris
(524 times)
Physiology
(146 times)
RF (173 times)
VL (149 times)
EMG (131 times)
1978 Effect of continuous vibration on nociceptive flexor reflexes.
body fat
(347 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(91 times)
BMI (106 times)
FFM (40 times)
WC (40 times)
1975 Regional adipose tissue cellularity in relation to metabolism in young and middle-aged women.
basal forebrain
(345 times)
Neurology
(163 times)
ChAT (38 times)
AD (36 times)
ACh (27 times)
1976 Basal forebrain and hypothalamic influences upon brain stem neurons.
best frequency
(288 times)
Neurology
(103 times)
IC (39 times)
HR (21 times)
DCN (17 times)
1968 Analysis of frequency-modulated and complex sounds by single auditory neurones of bats.
breastfeeding
(186 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(60 times)
EBF (19 times)
WIC (12 times)
FF (11 times)
1980 Recent trends in breast-feeding in Southern Finland.
biochemical failure
(167 times)
Neoplasms
(102 times)
PSA (62 times)
DM (29 times)
HR (27 times)
1998 The correlation between the ASTRO Consensus Panel definition of biochemical failure and clinical outcome for patients with prostate cancer treated with external beam irradiation. American Society of Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology.
bursa of Fabricius
(114 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(44 times)
IBDV (25 times)
p.i (10 times)
IBD (7 times)
1979 Amplification of plaque-forming cells in the spleen after intracloacal antigen stimulation in neonatal chicken.
breast-fed
(96 times)
Pediatrics
(48 times)
FF (49 times)
MF (10 times)
NEC (6 times)
1986 Changes in the serum lipids and apolipoproteins in the first four weeks of life.
10  backfat thickness
(78 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(45 times)
LMA (19 times)
IMF (9 times)
MS (9 times)
1983 Performance of selected and control lines of Duroc and Yorkshire pigs and their reciprocal crossbred progeny.
11  backfat
(63 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(55 times)
LMA (8 times)
RFI (7 times)
ADG (6 times)
1983 Breed prenatal, breed postnatal and heterosis effects for postweaning traits in swine.
12  biofeedback
(59 times)
Urology
(9 times)
EMG (10 times)
PFMT (7 times)
SUI (5 times)
1978 Baseline levels in muscle relaxation training.
13  bright-field
(43 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(15 times)
STEM (12 times)
DF (10 times)
TEM (8 times)
1987 Determination of Giardia muris cyst viability by differential interference contrast, phase, or brightfield microscopy.
14  Bayes factor
(40 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(8 times)
DIC (4 times)
AIC (2 times)
CI (2 times)
2005 Bayesian analysis of quantitative trait loci for boar taint in a Landrace outbred population.
15  bioaccumulation factor
(37 times)
Environmental Health
(35 times)
TF (17 times)
TI (5 times)
Cd (4 times)
1987 The limits of bioaccumulation of organic pigments in fish: their relation to the partition coefficient and the solubility in water and octanol.
16  biofilm
(31 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
FC (6 times)
SEM (4 times)
CLSM (3 times)
1999 [Influence of roxithromycin combined with fleroxacin on bacterial biofilm induced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa].
17  biofilter
(29 times)
Environmental Health
(17 times)
VF (8 times)
BTF (4 times)
TBR (4 times)
2005 Degradation of isobutanal at high loading rates in a compost biofilter.
18  breath figure
(29 times)
Chemistry
(18 times)
PS (6 times)
SEM (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
2007 Design of surface properties of PET films: effect of fluorinated block copolymers.
19  biofiltration
(28 times)
Transplantation
(19 times)
HD (4 times)
ABB (2 times)
ABS (2 times)
1986 Buffer kinetics in biofiltration.
20  bifenthrin
(27 times)
Toxicology
(15 times)
SPs (6 times)
ROS (5 times)
PGE2 (4 times)
2005 Distribution and persistence of pyrethroids in runoff sediments.
21  bezafibrate
(26 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
PBC (4 times)
UDCA (3 times)
ALP (2 times)
1980 Changes in lipids and lipoproteins in patients with hyperlipidemia type IIb, IV and V treated with different lipid lowering drugs.
22  n-butanol fraction
(26 times)
Pharmacology
(10 times)
AF (6 times)
EAF (4 times)
EE (4 times)
1992 Effects of methanol extract of ginkgo biloba (EGb), its ethylacetate fraction (EAF) and butanol fraction (BF) on the isolated aorta.
23  bifrontal
(23 times)
Medicine
(9 times)
ECT (20 times)
RUL (13 times)
BT (9 times)
1990 Electrode placement in ECT: cognitive effects.
24  bite force
(22 times)
Dentistry
(17 times)
MP (5 times)
OCA (3 times)
TMD (3 times)
1986 Occlusal force after mandibular advancement in adult rhesus monkeys.
25  barefoot
(21 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
GRF (5 times)
SH (4 times)
BRS (2 times)
2004 Comparison of three ankle-foot orthosis configurations for children with spastic diplegia.
26  benefit finding
(21 times)
Psychology
(12 times)
PTG (3 times)
QOL (2 times)
BFiMSCare (1 time)
2003 Do sociodemographic and disease-related variables influence benefit-finding in cancer patients?
27  7,8-benzoflavone
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(6 times)
PB (6 times)
DMBA (5 times)
3-MC (3 times)
1979 [Effect of 7,8-benzoflavone on the incidence of skin tumors induced by polycyclic hydrocarbons].
28  body fluid
(18 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(5 times)
CSF (7 times)
WBC (4 times)
LoB (3 times)
1992 Detection of numerical chromosomal abnormalities in malignant cells on body fluids by fluorescence in situ hybridization of interphase cell nuclei with chromosome-specific probes.
29  blocking factor
(16 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
CMI (2 times)
RSA (2 times)
BAT (1 time)
1975 Development of two manifestations of T-lymphocyte reactivity during tumor growth: altered kinetics associated with elevated growth rates.
30  body fat percentage
(16 times)
Physiology
(6 times)
BMI (6 times)
WC (4 times)
BIA (3 times)
2001 The effect of winter sports participation on high school football players: strength, power, agility, and body composition.
31  bone formation
(15 times)
Orthopedics
(3 times)
BR (3 times)
BU (2 times)
AP (1 time)
1981 Calcitonin stimulates bone formation when administered prior to initiation of osteogenesis.
32  Bacteroides fragilis
(14 times)
Science
(2 times)
DSS (2 times)
GF (2 times)
IL-10 (2 times)
1990 Suppression of blastogenic transformation of lymphocytes by Bacteroides fragilis in vitro and in vivo.
33  blast furnace
(14 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
ASR (1 time)
BOS (1 time)
CMUR (1 time)
2007 Recycling of auto shredder residue.
34  blister fluid
(14 times)
Dermatology
(4 times)
BP (4 times)
BAL (1 time)
CsA (1 time)
1982 The pathogenic mechanisms of blister formation in bullous pemphigoid.
35  Burkina Faso
(14 times)
Science
(3 times)
SA (5 times)
CI (2 times)
HPV (2 times)
1991 Population genetics of abnormal haemoglobins in Burkina Faso, west Africa.
36  bloodstream form
(13 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
PF (7 times)
VSG (3 times)
kDNA (2 times)
1994 A multiple antigen detection dipstick colloidal dye immunoassay for the field diagnosis of trypanosome infections in cattle.
37  Bond Force
(13 times)
Dentistry
(11 times)
GB (4 times)
SE (4 times)
CSE (3 times)
2010 Dentin bond durability and water sorption/solubility of one-step self-etch adhesives.
38  bile flow
(12 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
LCA (3 times)
BS (2 times)
BSEP (2 times)
1987 Toxic effect of streptozotocin on the biliary secretion of nicotinamide-treated rats.
39  bone fill
(12 times)
Dentistry
(11 times)
BD (4 times)
BIC (4 times)
CAL (3 times)
2002 A clinical comparison of a bovine-derived xenograft used alone and in combination with enamel matrix derivative for the treatment of periodontal osseous defects in humans.
40  boutonneuse fever
(12 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
IL (4 times)
IFN-gamma (2 times)
PBMC (2 times)
1986 Isolation on "VERO" cells of a spotted fever group rickettsia "Mortilli strain" from Rhipicephalus sanguineus.
41  Biofilm formation
(10 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
CSH (2 times)
AmB (1 time)
AMR (1 time)
2007 Biofilm formation by and antifungal susceptibility of Candida isolates from urine.
42  blastocoelic fluid
(10 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(9 times)
TE (6 times)
NGS (3 times)
ICM (2 times)
1992 Bovine embryos produce a urokinase-type plasminogen activator.
43  bromoform
(10 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
CF (5 times)
DBCM (4 times)
BDCM (3 times)
1999 Induction of genetic damage in human lymphocytes and mutations in Salmonella by trihalomethanes: role of red blood cells and GSTT1-1 polymorphism.
44  bypass flow
(10 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
TF (3 times)
LVAS (2 times)
ALC (1 time)
1984 Circulation control of experimental and clinical profound left ventricular failures by automatic left ventricular assist system.
45  bag filter
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(8 times)
ACI (2 times)
APCDs (2 times)
ESP (2 times)
2002 Control of mercury emissions from a municipal solid waste incinerator in Japan.
46  Barmah Forest
(9 times)
Biology
(3 times)
RR (6 times)
DEN-1 (1 time)
DEN-2 (1 time)
1994 Arboviruses causing human disease in the Australasian zoogeographic region.
47  biceps femoris long head
(9 times)
Physiology
(5 times)
RF (4 times)
SOL (3 times)
TA (3 times)
2003 Neuromuscular and biomechanical coupling in human cycling: adaptations to changes in crank length.
48  blastogenic factor
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(7 times)
MLC (4 times)
CML (2 times)
2-ME (1 time)
1976 Effect of 2-mercaptoethanol on the mixed leukocyte reaction in man. Probable effect on blastogenic factor stabilization.
49  bone fraction
(9 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
BIC (4 times)
UF (4 times)
DTT (2 times)
1995 Demonstration of thyroactive smaller components released from TSAb-IgG by protease digestion.
50  bowel function
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
HRQoL (3 times)
SF (3 times)
UF (3 times)
1999 Self-assessed health-related quality of life in men being treated for prostate cancer with radiotherapy: instrument validation and its relation to patient-assessed bother of symptoms.
51  budesonide plus formoterol
(9 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
COPD (3 times)
CI (2 times)
DPI (2 times)
2015 A Comparison of Short-Term Growth During Treatment with Two Dry Powder Combinations of Inhaled Corticosteroids and Long-Acting beta₂-Agonists.
52  bufalin
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
CB (2 times)
FA (2 times)
OUA (2 times)
1992 [Effects of bufadienolides and some kinds of cardiotonics on guinea pig hearts].
53  bufuralol
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
CYP2D19 (2 times)
DB (2 times)
RT-PCR (2 times)
2002 Complementary DNA cloning and characterization of cytochrome P450 2D29 from Japanese monkey liver.
54  basic fuchsin
(8 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(2 times)
ZN (2 times)
AF (1 time)
AFB (1 time)
1983 Fluorescence microscopical visualization of elastic fibres using basic fuchsin.
55  bilateral filter
(8 times)
Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
(3 times)
NLM (2 times)
CFPN (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2009 Comparative study of two image space noise reduction methods for computed tomography: bilateral filter and nonlocal means.
56  bilayer fragments
(8 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
DODAB (7 times)
Dz (2 times)
zeta (2 times)
2006 Assembly of a model hydrophobic drug into cationic bilayer fragments.
57  biliary fistula
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
PD (2 times)
BI (1 time)
CBD (1 time)
1983 Morphologic and biochemical changes in dogs after portacaval shunt plus bile fistula or ileal bypass: failure of bile fistula or ileal bypass to prevent hepatocyte atrophy.
58  bupivacaine-fentanyl
(8 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
VAS (4 times)
BM (2 times)
PCEA (2 times)
2005 [Comparison of bupivacaine-fentanyl versus bupivacaine-morphine for patient controlled epidural analgesia].
59  butterfat
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
H-CHOL (2 times)
ACN (1 time)
ADJWW (1 time)
1990 Effects of dietary fish oil and butterfat on serum lipids and monocyte and platelet interactions with aortic endothelial cells.
60  beef fat
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(6 times)
CO (3 times)
EC (2 times)
FTIR (2 times)
1985 Plasma lipid and lipoprotein response of humans to beef fat, coconut oil and safflower oil.
61  binding factor
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(4 times)
ACN (1 time)
DNA (1 time)
EGDMA (1 time)
1980 Purification and properties of deoxyribonucleic acid binding factor isolated from the surface of Streptococcus sanguis cells.
62  bioaccessible fraction
(7 times)
Chemistry
(4 times)
BA (1 time)
BI (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2011 Mineral and/or milk supplementation of fruit beverages helps in the prevention of H2O2-induced oxidative stress in Caco-2 cells.
63  biofeedback therapy
(7 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
SEM (2 times)
AR (1 time)
BTX-A (1 time)
1996 Initial North American experience with botulinum toxin type A for treatment of anismus.
64  blood-fed
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
NBF (3 times)
DENV-2 (2 times)
SF (2 times)
1991 Vertical and venereal transmission of California group viruses by Aedes triseriatus and Culiseta inornata mosquitoes.
65  body functions
(7 times)
Rehabilitation
(4 times)
ICF (3 times)
BS (1 time)
DIF (1 time)
1985 [Circadian organization of the indices of external respiration in bronchial asthma patients].
66  backfiltration
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AR (2 times)
AOI (1 time)
DCH (1 time)
2007 Convection-enhanced high-flux hemodialysis.
67  base flow
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
CALUX (1 time)
CF (1 time)
CPAP (1 time)
1989 Inspiratory work of breathing on flow-by and demand-flow continuous positive airway pressure.
68  beaded filament
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
IF (4 times)
AQP0 (1 time)
AQP0 KO (1 time)
1989 The Mr 115 kd fiber cell-specific protein is a component of the lens cytoskeleton.
69  Beautifil II
(6 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
Z350F (2 times)
AM (1 time)
Amg (1 time)
2004 Comparative hardness and modulus of tooth-colored restoratives: a depth-sensing microindentation study.
70  benfluron
(6 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
DBF (2 times)
DSCG (1 time)
EAC (1 time)
1987 Derivatives of benzo(c)fluorene. XXIV. Cytostatic effect of benfluron on human leukemic cells in vitro.
71  biceps femoris muscle
(6 times)
Exercise
(2 times)
EMG (3 times)
AMPK (1 time)
COP (1 time)
1977 Comparative study of perceived pain and nociceptive flexion reflex in man.
72  bone fracture
(6 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
TBI (2 times)
BMD (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2014 Impact of osteoporosis and bone fracture on health-related quality of life in postmenopausal women.
73  broadleaf forest
(6 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
CF (3 times)
MF (2 times)
PF (2 times)
2012 Effects of precipitation increase on soil respiration: a three-year field experiment in subtropical forests in China.
74  bronchofiberscopy
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(4 times)
BCSD (1 time)
CMV (1 time)
LC (1 time)
1984 Lung cancer in patients with tracheostomy due to cancer of the larynx.
75  Bucky factor
(6 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
CIF (6 times)
SIF (3 times)
DM (1 time)
2002 Grid and slot scan scatter reduction in mammography: comparison by using Monte Carlo techniques.
76  IgE-binding factor
(6 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(5 times)
HCL (1 time)
IFN (1 time)
IgE-BF (1 time)
1986 The role of carbohydrates in the IgG binding and suppressive activities of shed human Fc receptors.
77  Bacillus fragment
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
8-oxoG (2 times)
FAF (1 time)
2007 Examination of the long-range effects of aminofluorene-induced conformational heterogeneity and its relevance to the mechanism of translesional DNA synthesis.
78  bamboo forest
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
DOM (2 times)
EBF (2 times)
MF (2 times)
2014 Dissolved organic matter release and retention in ultisols in relation to land use patterns.
79  barrel field
(5 times)
Brain
(2 times)
VPM (2 times)
GL (1 time)
LC (1 time)
2004 The effects of tonic locus ceruleus output on sensory-evoked responses of ventral posterior medial thalamic and barrel field cortical neurons in the awake rat.
80  basalt fiber
(5 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
CA (1 time)
HDPE (1 time)
1994 Solubility of chrysotile asbestos and basalt fibers in relation to their fibrogenic and carcinogenic action.
81  beamforming
(5 times)
Biological Science Disciplines
(1 time)
DAS (2 times)
ABF (1 time)
CSI (1 time)
2007 Broadcast MIMO over multimode optical interconnects by modal beamforming.
82  bifurcation
(5 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CCAs (1 time)
CFD (1 time)
ICAs (1 time)
2010 Rheumatoid arthritis is an independent risk factor for increased carotid intima-media thickness: impact of anti-inflammatory treatment.
83  bioavailability factor
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
CTPs (2 times)
EF (2 times)
LCIA (2 times)
2008 Aromatic plant production on metal contaminated soils.
84  bioconcentration factor
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
CEC (1 time)
FEPA (1 time)
GRA (1 time)
2009 Selenite resistant rhizobacteria stimulate SeO(3) (2-) phytoextraction by Brassica juncea in bioaugmented water-filtering artificial beds.
85  black females
(5 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
WF (4 times)
BM (3 times)
WM (3 times)
1998 Racial and gender differences in outcome after carotid endarterectomy.
86  body fat mass
(5 times)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
BMI (3 times)
AN (1 time)
BEP (1 time)
1999 Growth hormone treatment of osteoporotic postmenopausal women - a one-year placebo-controlled study.
87  bronchial fluid
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
PF (2 times)
ART (1 time)
BALF (1 time)
2003 Measurements of HIV viral loads from different levels of the respiratory tract.
88  Bungarus fasciatus
(5 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
GA (2 times)
NNS (2 times)
alpha2-PI (1 time)
1992 Preparation, characterization and immunogenicity of various polymers and conjugates of elapid postsynaptic neurotoxins.
89  Baby-Friendly
(4 times)
Perinatology
(2 times)
BFH (1 time)
BFHI (1 time)
EBF (1 time)
2005 Breastfeeding and the Baby Friendly Hospitals Initiative (BFHI): organization, response and outcome in Sweden and other countries.
90  Bacillus firmus
(4 times)
Microbiology
(3 times)
OVA (2 times)
CV (1 time)
dBf (1 time)
2002 Differential effect of Bacillus firmus on immune response and enterocyte brush-border enzyme levels in BALB/c and B10.BR mice.
91  BactiFlow
(4 times)
Hematology
(4 times)
PCs (4 times)
CFU (1 time)
EQAP (1 time)
2012 Detection of bacterial contamination in platelet concentrates by a sensitive flow cytometric assay (BactiFlow): a multicentre validation study.
92  Barmah Forest virus
(4 times)
Biology
(3 times)
CCID50 (1 time)
JE (1 time)
KOK (1 time)
1999 Experimental infection and transmission of Barmah Forest virus by Aedes vigilax (Diptera: Culicidae).
93  bifemelane hydrochloride
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
AChE (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
1989 Effects of bifemelane hydrochloride on various cholinergic markers in cortical and subcortical regions of aged rats.
94  biochemical fingerprinting
(4 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CF (2 times)
QC (2 times)
ARA (1 time)
2008 Phenotypic variations of enterococci in surface waters: analysis of biochemical fingerprinting data from multi-catchments.
95  blue fluorescent
(4 times)
Radiology
(1 time)
LEDs (2 times)
RF (2 times)
CWF (1 time)
1991 Fluorescence emission spectra of plant leaves and plant constituents.
96  body fatness
(4 times)
Metabolism
(2 times)
BMI (2 times)
FMI (2 times)
RT (2 times)
2005 Association of physical activity with body-composition indexes in children aged 6-8 y at varied risk of obesity.
97  Bouin's fluid
(4 times)
Pathology
(3 times)
mDF (3 times)
DF (2 times)
HE (1 time)
2002 Fixation of testes and eyes using a modified Davidson's fluid: comparison with Bouin's fluid and conventional Davidson's fluid.
98  brake force
(4 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
RT (3 times)
MT (2 times)
TBRT (2 times)
2014 Osteoarthritis of the knee or hip significantly impairs driving ability (cross-sectional survey).
99  breast-fed group
(4 times)
Pediatrics
(1 time)
LCPUFA (2 times)
DHA (1 time)
LF (1 time)
1997 [Epidemiological research on incidence of atopic disease in infants and children in relation to their nutrition in infancy].
100  Bupleurum falcatum
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
EPM (2 times)
AChE (1 time)
ChAT (1 time)
2009 Effect of Bupleurum falcatum on the stress-induced impairment of spatial working memory in rats.