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Abbreviation: BI
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Long forms: 476

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Barthel Index
(972 times)
Neurology
(224 times)
mRS (161 times)
NIHSS (138 times)
ADL (82 times)
1992 Assessment of handicap in chronic dialysis diabetic patients (Uremidiab section study).
bleeding index
(200 times)
Dentistry
(112 times)
PD (93 times)
PI (60 times)
PLI (42 times)
1984 Dental health in a group of drug addicts attending an addiction-clinic.
Bayesian inference
(191 times)
Molecular Biology
(58 times)
ML (125 times)
MP (56 times)
mt (33 times)
2003 Apicoplast genome of the coccidian Eimeria tenella.
brief intervention
(162 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(76 times)
ED (28 times)
CI (12 times)
SBIRT (11 times)
1993 Evaluation of a cognitive-behavioural intervention for HIV prevention among injecting drug users.
behavioral inhibition
(160 times)
Psychiatry
(53 times)
PE (9 times)
SAD (7 times)
PTSD (5 times)
1995 Predicting the intentions and behavior of exercise initiates using two forms of self-efficacy.
bacterial index
(88 times)
Tropical Medicine
(63 times)
MB (19 times)
MDT (19 times)
PGL-I (11 times)
1980 Cell mediated immunity in patients with Virchowian hanseniasis before and after treatment with transfer factor.
brain injury
(74 times)
Rehabilitation
(18 times)
DOCS (4 times)
MAP (4 times)
CI (3 times)
1991 Outcome 1 to 3 years after severe traumatic brain injury in children and adolescents.
basilar invagination
(58 times)
Neurosurgery
(22 times)
AAD (25 times)
CT (8 times)
CVJ (7 times)
2007 Basilar invagination: craniocervical instability treated with cervical traction and occipitocervical fixation. Case report.
bioelectrical impedance
(54 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(11 times)
TBW (11 times)
BMI (7 times)
FFM (6 times)
1989 Bioelectrical impedance in clinical practice.
10  brain infarction
(54 times)
Neurology
(20 times)
MI (5 times)
MRI (5 times)
GENIC (4 times)
1991 The prognostic value of blood glucose in patients with acute stroke.
11  body image
(52 times)
Psychology
(12 times)
BMI (9 times)
QOL (5 times)
CI (3 times)
1999 Body image and virtual reality in eating disorders: is exposure to virtual reality more effective than the classical body image treatment?
12  Breteau index
(50 times)
Tropical Medicine
(21 times)
CI (23 times)
HI (17 times)
DF (6 times)
1997 Activity of dengue-2 virus and prevalence of Aedes aegypti in the Chirimiri colliery area, Madhya Pradesh, India.
13  bacteriological index
(43 times)
Tropical Medicine
(31 times)
MB (11 times)
MI (7 times)
MDT (6 times)
1975 A comparative evaluation of bacteriologic and morphologic indices of Mycobacterium leprae in skin, lymph node, bone marrow, nerve and muscle.
14  Billroth I
(33 times)
General Surgery
(13 times)
BII (20 times)
RY (9 times)
DT (2 times)
1983 Gastrin production following antrectomy. A study on the occurrence of gastrin-producing cells and the serum gastrin response to feeding.
15  bioimpedance
(31 times)
Nephrology
(5 times)
CO (2 times)
DD (2 times)
DEXA (2 times)
1989 Noninvasive estimation of extravascular lung water using bioimpedance.
16  business intelligence
(30 times)
Medical Informatics
(9 times)
OLAP (4 times)
GIS (2 times)
KPIs (2 times)
0 Applying business intelligence innovations to emergency management.
17  basal insulin
(24 times)
Endocrinology
(12 times)
OADs (4 times)
ORBIT (4 times)
T2D (4 times)
2010 Glycemic control with preprandial versus basal insulin in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus poorly controlled by oral antidiabetes agents.
18  balloon injury
(23 times)
Cardiology
(8 times)
IH (6 times)
IA (4 times)
PDT (4 times)
1999 The upregulation of endothelin and its receptors in porcine coronary arteries in a double balloon injury model of restenosis.
19  bacterial infection
(22 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
CRP (3 times)
PCT (3 times)
HC (2 times)
1978 Bacterial infections in pediatric Hodgkin's disease: relationship to radiotherapy, chemotherapy and splenectomy.
20  binaural interaction
(22 times)
Audiology
(12 times)
ABR (7 times)
ABRs (5 times)
MLR (5 times)
1979 Binaural interaction in brainstem-evoked responses.
21  biological indicator
(22 times)
Microbiology
(8 times)
CI (2 times)
AOS (1 time)
BDR (1 time)
1986 Comparative thermoresistance of two biological indicators for monitoring steam autoclaves. 3. Comparison performed at 121 degrees C in a hospital prevacuum steam sterilizer.
22  bacillary index
(21 times)
Tropical Medicine
(9 times)
ENL (4 times)
PG (3 times)
AUC (2 times)
1979 Study of Bacteriological and Morphological Indices in Lymph Node by Needle Aspiration.
23  bovine insulin
(20 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(14 times)
CM (4 times)
APC (3 times)
PI (3 times)
1982 Fine specificity of a T cell line reactive to bovine insulin.
24  Brinkman index
(20 times)
Neoplasms
(5 times)
BMI (2 times)
AOR (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1987 Case-control study on histologically determined multiple primary lung cancer.
25  backward inhibition
(19 times)
Psychology
(9 times)
CRS (3 times)
ERP (2 times)
WS (2 times)
2007 Cue- versus response-locked processes in backward inhibition: evidence from ERPs.
26  base-in
(18 times)
Optometry
(14 times)
BO (15 times)
cpm (3 times)
CI (2 times)
1986 Effect of a central fusion stimulus on fixation disparity.
27  bead injection
(16 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(13 times)
LOV (8 times)
SPE (3 times)
SI-LOV (2 times)
2000 Measurement of cellular stimulation through monitoring pH changes by bead injection fluorescence microscopy.
28  burn index
(16 times)
Traumatology
(7 times)
TBSA (3 times)
PBI (2 times)
APACHE (1 time)
1999 Computer analysis of the tonic, phasic, and kinesthetic activity of pallidal discharges in Parkinson patients.
29  basilar impression
(14 times)
Neurology
(6 times)
OI (6 times)
CM (4 times)
SM (4 times)
1978 [Clinical radiographic features of basilar impression (author's transl)].
30  bolus injection
(14 times)
Hematology
(6 times)
CI (11 times)
FVIII (3 times)
ADHF (1 time)
1985 Stimulation of glucose uptake in skeletal muscle using bolus or continuous insulin delivery.
31  burn injury
(14 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
BTS (2 times)
IL-6 (2 times)
SB (2 times)
2004 The pattern of paediatric burn injuries in Southwestern, Saudi Arabia.
32  baseline impedance
(13 times)
Gastroenterology
(8 times)
GERD (6 times)
NERD (4 times)
FH (3 times)
2015 Esophageal intraluminal baseline impedance differentiates gastroesophageal reflux disease from functional heartburn.
33  budget impact
(13 times)
Economics, Medical
(5 times)
AED (1 time)
AGB (1 time)
AOM 400 (1 time)
2006 Cost-effectiveness and budget impact of obesity surgery in patients with type-2 diabetes in three European countries.
34  Burden Interview
(13 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
AD (4 times)
NPI (4 times)
MMSE (3 times)
2000 [Burden and quality of life in carers of patients with Alzheimer type dementia].
35  behaviorally inhibited
(12 times)
Cognition
(3 times)
NI (4 times)
US (4 times)
AMBI (3 times)
2009 A history of childhood behavioral inhibition and enhanced response monitoring in adolescence are linked to clinical anxiety.
36  Bliss independence
(11 times)
Drug Therapy
(4 times)
LA (4 times)
EFS (3 times)
FIC (3 times)
2003 In vitro drug interaction modeling of combinations of azoles with terbinafine against clinical Scedosporium prolificans isolates.
37  Bamako Initiative
(10 times)
Health Services
(4 times)
PHC (2 times)
DRF (1 time)
EPI (1 time)
1997 Affordability, cost-effectiveness and efficiency of primary health care: the Bamako Initiative experience in Benin and Guinea.
38  Boehringer Ingelheim
(10 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(3 times)
ARVs (2 times)
GSK (2 times)
APV (1 time)
1990 Metered dose inhaler aerosol characteristics are affected by the endotracheal tube actuator/adapter used.
39  benzimidazole
(9 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
PA (2 times)
ABPBI (1 time)
alpha-syn (1 time)
1987 Effects of NC-1300 and its degradation products on gastric secretion and HCl.ethanol-induced gastric lesions in rats.
40  biodegradability index
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
WAO (3 times)
B-DWW (2 times)
HC (2 times)
2012 Cavitationally induced biodegradability enhancement of a distillery wastewater.
41  biotic index
(9 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
FBI (2 times)
ABC curves (1 time)
B-IBI (1 time)
2007 [Stream health assessment using a benthic-index of biotic integrity in Xitiaoxi Stream, Zhejiang Province, China].
42  body iron
(9 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(8 times)
SF (4 times)
sTfR (4 times)
ID (2 times)
2008 Comparison of plasma ferritin concentration with the ratio of plasma transferrin receptor to ferritin in estimating body iron stores: results of 4 intervention trials.
43  brain interface
(9 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(9 times)
GA (1 time)
LF-ASD (1 time)
MRPs (1 time)
2005 A general framework for characterizing studies of brain interface technology.
44  battle injury
(8 times)
Military Medicine
(5 times)
NBI (2 times)
CAR (1 time)
CHN-Role 2H (1 time)
2010 Craniomaxillofacial battle injuries: injury patterns, conventional treatment limitations and direction of future research.
45  Bayesian
(8 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
ML (6 times)
MP (3 times)
BPP (1 time)
2003 A phylogeny of Chinese species in the genus Phrynocephalus (Agamidae) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences.
46  bilateral
(8 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
UNI (4 times)
ALD (1 time)
BS (1 time)
1987 [Determinant factors in the acute functional deterioration caused by the inhibition of the conversion enzyme in reno-vascular arterial hypertension].
47  Bioinformatics
(8 times)
Medical Informatics
(6 times)
MI (6 times)
BMI (4 times)
CBO (1 time)
2003 Establishing an agenda for biomedical informatics.
48  Barthel ADL Index
(7 times)
Medicine
(4 times)
HADS (3 times)
mRS (2 times)
ACE-R (1 time)
2000 Parallel reliability of the functional independence measure and the Barthel ADL index.
49  beef insulin
(7 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
PI (2 times)
Tg (2 times)
Ags (1 time)
1984 A comparison of the biological actions and pharmacokinetics of intravenously infused highly purified beef and biosynthetic human insulins in normal man.
50  bleeding
(7 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
GI (4 times)
CPC (2 times)
EO (2 times)
1991 Periodontal status of patients with Sjogren's syndrome: a cross-sectional study.
51  brain injuries
(7 times)
Brain
(2 times)
SAH (2 times)
TBI (2 times)
BMI (1 time)
1993 Outcome evaluation and prediction in a comprehensive-integrated post-acute outpatient brain injury rehabilitation programme.
52  brief alcohol intervention
(7 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(5 times)
AD (1 time)
AIC (1 time)
AOR (1 time)
2008 Using interactive voice response to enhance brief alcohol intervention in primary care settings.
53  bronchus intermedius
(7 times)
Respiratory Tract Diseases
(2 times)
LMB (2 times)
RMB (2 times)
BAE (1 time)
1995 Bronchoscopic determination of ozone uptake in humans.
54  buccal infiltration
(7 times)
Dentistry
(6 times)
IANB (6 times)
LI (2 times)
AR (1 time)
2009 Anesthetic efficacy of inferior alveolar nerve block plus buccal infiltration or periodontal ligament injections with articaine in patients with irreversible pulpitis in the mandibular first molar.
55  Bifidobacterium infantis
(6 times)
Science
(1 time)
CM (1 time)
DSS (1 time)
ETEC (1 time)
2008 Protective effects of Lactobacillus rhamnosus [corrected] and Bifidobacterium infantis in murine models for colitis do not involve the vagus nerve.
56  Billroth I reconstruction
(6 times)
General Surgery
(5 times)
RY (4 times)
BII (1 time)
DGE (1 time)
2003 Effectiveness of Roux-en-Y reconstruction after distal gastrectomy based on an assessment of biliary kinetics.
57  bipolar
(6 times)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
UNI (2 times)
BC (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
1986 Electrical muscle stimulation and isometric exercise effects on selected quadriceps parameters*.
58  bisexual
(6 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(3 times)
CH (5 times)
MH (5 times)
LG (3 times)
2014 Disparities in depressive distress by sexual orientation in emerging adults: the roles of attachment and stress paradigms.
59  bone index
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
DBP (2 times)
SBP (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1982 Clinical usefulness of a bone mineral measurement method on the femoral shaft.
60  branching index
(6 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
BH (1 time)
BL (1 time)
BN (1 time)
2003 Genetic mapping of QTLs affecting productivity and plant architecture in a full-sib cross from non-inbred parents in Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz).
61  Barthel Index score
(5 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
BAEP (2 times)
IPL (2 times)
ADL (1 time)
1999 Brainstem auditory evoked potential in Japanese encephalitis.
62  baseline incidence
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
RR (5 times)
WHO (4 times)
COPD (2 times)
2017 Exposure to PM10, NO2, and O3 and impacts on human health.
63  bath immersion
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
IM (3 times)
PD (3 times)
SAV (3 times)
2004 Efficacy of Streptococcus agalactiae (group B) vaccine in tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) by intraperitoneal and bath immersion administration.
64  beta-ionone
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
FAK (2 times)
MMP (2 times)
TIMP (2 times)
2003 Inhibition of cyclophosphamide-induced teratogenesis by beta-ionone.
65  brain ischemia
(5 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
BCAL (1 time)
CA (1 time)
HT (1 time)
1995 Regional cerebral metabolism of glucose in comatose and vegetative state patients.
66  brain-injured
(5 times)
Rehabilitation
(2 times)
CTRL (1 time)
LM (1 time)
SPTs (1 time)
1987 Memory disorders as a function of traumatic brain injury. Word completion, recall of words and actions.
67  bronchitis index
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(5 times)
BAL (1 time)
BMT (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
1992 Airway inflammation predicts diffuse alveolar hemorrhage during bone marrow transplantation in patients with Hodgkin disease.
68  burst incidence
(5 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
MSNA (4 times)
BF (3 times)
AHI (2 times)
2012 Sympathetic nerve activity in stress-induced cardiomyopathy.
69  1-benzylimidazole
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
CYP (2 times)
PCB (2 times)
AA (1 time)
1975 Cardiovascular effects of 1-benzylimidazole.
70  baciloscopic index
(4 times)
Science
(1 time)
ENL (1 time)
MB (1 time)
MDT (1 time)
1998 Reactional states in multibacillary Hansen disease patients during multidrug therapy.
71  baicalin
(4 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
BE (3 times)
NAC (2 times)
3MGA (1 time)
2006 Baicalein inhibition of oxidative-stress-induced apoptosis via modulation of ERKs activation and induction of HO-1 gene expression in rat glioma cells C6.
72  balance index
(4 times)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
ACL (1 time)
CMV (1 time)
COG (1 time)
1958 A red cell balance index (B. I.).
73  band insulator
(4 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
MI (2 times)
eff (1 time)
SF (1 time)
2004 Exact bond ordered ground state for the transition between the band and the Mott insulator.
74  before induction
(4 times)
General Surgery
(1 time)
AI (3 times)
MEP (2 times)
AIP (1 time)
2012 Novel quantitative perfusion analysis with contrast-enhanced harmonic EUS for differentiation of autoimmune pancreatitis from pancreatic carcinoma.
75  behavioral inhibition to the unfamiliar
(4 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
CRH (2 times)
SNPs (1 time)
2001 Genetic association analysis of behavioral inhibition using candidate loci from mouse models.
76  bioactivity index
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
LTS (1 time)
PAI (1 time)
2002 Antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of common vegetables.
77  bolus infusion
(4 times)
Hematology
(2 times)
CI (3 times)
AUC (1 time)
CTX (1 time)
2004 Perioperative pharmacokinetics of cefotaxime in serum and bile during continuous and intermittent infusion in liver transplant patients.
78  bone involvement
(4 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
ALL (1 time)
ALP (1 time)
CRC (1 time)
2005 High frequency of bone/bone marrow involvement in advanced medullary thyroid cancer.
79  brain irradiation
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AEs (1 time)
BCS (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
1983 Combined modality treatment of regional small cell undifferentiated carcinoma of the lung: a cooperative study of the RTOG and ECOG.
80  breathing interval
(4 times)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AP (1 time)
CPA (1 time)
DI (1 time)
1981 [Studies on computer processing of fetal heart beat intervals with the comparison to several analyzing methods (author's transl)].
81  brittleness index
(4 times)
Dentistry
(2 times)
SEM (2 times)
CF (1 time)
DTA (1 time)
2007 Brittleness index of machinable dental materials and its relation to the marginal chipping factor.
82  bullous impetigo
(4 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
agr (1 time)
CC (1 time)
ET (1 time)
2012 Outbreak of bullous impetigo caused by Staphylococcus aureus strains of phage type 3C/71 in a maternity ward linked to nasal carriage of a healthcare worker.
83  alpha-bromoisovaleric acid
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
BIU (2 times)
1987 Stereoselective glutathione conjugation and amidase-catalyzed hydrolysis of alpha-bromoisovalerylurea enantiomers in isolated rat hepatocytes.
84  background infusion
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(2 times)
PCA (3 times)
CI (1 time)
SSS (1 time)
1993 Background infusion with patient-controlled analgesia: effect on postoperative oxyhaemoglobin saturation and pain control.
85  backward implicit
(3 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
--- 2001 High order spatial discretisations in electrochemical digital simulation. 2. Combination with the extrapolation algorithm.
86  bacterial
(3 times)
Microbiology
(1 time)
CMV (1 time)
CT (1 time)
HL (1 time)
1998 Computed tomographic study of paranasal sinuses in lepromatous leprosy.
87  Bacteroides intermedius
(3 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
Aa (2 times)
Bg (2 times)
BA (1 time)
1990 Cytotoxic and immunostimulatory effects of Bacteroides cell products.
88  Bayesian analyses
(3 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(2 times)
ML (2 times)
MP (1 time)
NJ (1 time)
2010 [Phylogenetic relationships among Cobitoidea based on mitochondrial ND4 and ND5 gene sequences].
89  before ischemia
(3 times)
Anesthesiology
(1 time)
BR (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
CPIP (1 time)
2004 Temporal changes in cerebral antioxidant enzyme activities after ischemia and reperfusion in a rat focal brain ischemia model: effect of dietary fish oil.
90  Bihar
(3 times)
Genetics, Medical
(2 times)
PUNJ (3 times)
SI (3 times)
UP (3 times)
2003 Analysis of Indian population based on Y-STRs reveals existence of male gene flow across different language groups.
91  Billroth I partial gastrectomy
(3 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
BII (1 time)
GIP (1 time)
HSVE (1 time)
1979 Highly selective vagotomy with excision of the ulcer compared with gastrectomy for gastric ulcer in a randomized trial.
92  binaural inhibition
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BF (2 times)
IIDs (2 times)
ITDs (2 times)
1985 Responses of neurons in the cat's superior colliculus to acoustic stimuli. I. Monaural and binaural response properties.
93  binaural interaction components
(3 times)
Audiology
(2 times)
ABEPs (2 times)
3-CLT (1 time)
AMLEPs (1 time)
1994 Three-channel Lissajous' trajectory of the binaural interaction components in human auditory brain-stem evoked potentials.
94  binding
(3 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
EIA (1 time)
fr (1 time)
IBD (1 time)
1990 Association of antibodies blocking HIV-1 gp 160-sCD4 attachment with virus neutralizing activity in human sera.
95  biocompatibility index
(3 times)
Military Medicine
(1 time)
BAC (2 times)
OCT (2 times)
PHMB (2 times)
2008 Biocompatibility index of antiseptic agents by parallel assessment of antimicrobial activity and cellular cytotoxicity.
96  bioindicator
(3 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
GFP (1 time)
GTC (1 time)
GWS-sensor (1 time)
2003 A method of increasing test range and accuracy of bioindicators: Geobacillus stearothermophilus spores.
97  birth interval
(3 times)
Tropical Medicine
(1 time)
BFD (1 time)
DHS (1 time)
IPI (1 time)
1988 [Breast feeding and birth spacing in Burundi: an approach].
98  blocking index
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BEI (1 time)
EMA (1 time)
IA (1 time)
1980 Relation between the neutralization of herpesvirus of turkeys and the antibody to late-appearing membrane antigen induced by the virus.
99  blood islands
(3 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
EC (1 time)
HVS (1 time)
2005 Segregation of arterial and venous markers in subpopulations of blood islands before vessel formation.
100  blue-in
(3 times)
Emergency Medicine
(3 times)
CA (3 times)
LAS (2 times)
MPDS (2 times)
2008 Ability of the medical priority dispatch system protocol to predict the acuity of "unknown problem" dispatch response levels.