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Abbreviation: BK
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Long forms: 138

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
bradykinin
(2553 times)
Pharmacology
(760 times)
ACE (207 times)
NO (194 times)
ACh (136 times)
1968 Venoconstrictive action of bradykinin.
below-knee
(78 times)
General Surgery
(42 times)
AK (45 times)
PTFE (6 times)
ePTFE (4 times)
1976 An index of healing in below-knee amputation: leg blood pressure by Doppler ultrasound.
bullous keratopathy
(55 times)
Ophthalmology
(45 times)
PK (16 times)
DSAEK (12 times)
FED (9 times)
1996 Anterior stromal punctures for bullous keratopathy.
balloon kyphoplasty
(21 times)
Orthopedics
(13 times)
VCFs (7 times)
OVCFs (4 times)
PVP (3 times)
2006 Efficacy and safety of balloon kyphoplasty in the treatment of vertebral compression fractures: a systematic review.
BKPyV
(21 times)
Virology
(8 times)
JC (9 times)
PCa (2 times)
PyVAN (2 times)
2008 Internally controlled triplex quantitative PCR assay for human polyomaviruses JC and BK.
bacterial keratitis
(16 times)
Ophthalmology
(11 times)
AK (4 times)
FK (4 times)
CI (3 times)
2007 Amniotic membrane transplantation in severe bacterial keratitis.
bovine kidney
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(6 times)
FMDV (3 times)
SP (2 times)
BHK-21 (1 time)
1969 Immunofluorescent studies of bovine para-influenza 3 virus. I. Cell cultures and experimentally infected hamsters.
below-the-knee
(9 times)
Vascular Diseases
(4 times)
AK (4 times)
CLI (2 times)
ABI (1 time)
1984 Transcutaneous oxygen tension measurements on limbs of diabetic and nondiabetic patients with peripheral vascular disease.
bongkrekic acid
(7 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
CHX (2 times)
CyA (2 times)
ANT (1 time)
2001 Induction of the mitochondrial permeability transition mediates the killing of HeLa cells by staurosporine.
10  des-Arg9-bradykinin
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
LPS (3 times)
EGF (2 times)
IL-1 (2 times)
1987 The ability of des-Arg9-bradykinin to relax rabbit isolated mesenteric arteries is acquired during in vitro incubation.
11  benzalkonium chloride
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
TEER (2 times)
APCs (1 time)
EDTA (1 time)
1987 Chemically induced bowel denervation improves survival in short bowel syndrome.
12  big-conductance K
(5 times)
Nephrology
(2 times)
CCD (2 times)
11,12-EET (1 time)
CO (1 time)
2003 A voltage- and Ca2+-dependent big conductance K channel in cochlear spiral ligament fibrocytes.
13  big-conductance K channels
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
CCD (2 times)
MAPK (2 times)
ASMCs (1 time)
2007 PGE2 inhibits apical K channels in the CCD through activation of the MAPK pathway.
14  Lys-bradykinin
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(4 times)
CCh (1 time)
ET-1 (1 time)
1985 Determination of kinin in the rat brain by a sensitive radioimmunoassay.
15  bacterial killing
(4 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
CFU (1 time)
CL (1 time)
CTX (1 time)
1992 Impairment of polymorphonuclear leukocyte function and metabolic control of diabetes.
16  binding kinetics
(4 times)
Chemistry, Pharmaceutical
(1 time)
PK (2 times)
MOA (1 time)
SKR (1 time)
2010 Binding kinetics and mechanism of action: toward the discovery and development of better and best in class drugs.
17  butyrate kinase
(4 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
ptb (3 times)
AK (1 time)
DCCD (1 time)
1988 Cloning and expression of Clostridium acetobutylicum phosphotransbutyrylase and butyrate kinase genes in Escherichia coli.
18  bikunin
(3 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(2 times)
IalphaI (3 times)
P alpha I (3 times)
APP (1 time)
1997 Human pre-alpha-inhibitor: isolation from a by-product of industrial scale plasma fractionation and structural analysis of its H3 heavy chain.
19  BK virus
(3 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BKVAN (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HIV-1 (1 time)
2000 Testing for polyomavirus type BK DNA in plasma to identify renal-allograft recipients with viral nephropathy.
20  bradykinin concentration
(3 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
AP (1 time)
BP (1 time)
CV (1 time)
1982 Role of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone and kallikrein-kinin systems in the control of fluid and electrolyte metabolism, renal function, and arterial blood pressure.
21  Burridge-Knopoff
(3 times)
Physics
(3 times)
--- 2005 Criticality in the Burridge-Knopoff model.
22  3H-bradykinin
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
GFAP (1 time)
NPY (1 time)
1993 Autoradiographic localization of binding sites for neuropeptide Y and bradykinin on astrocytes.
23  backs
(2 times)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
ALT (1 time)
AST (1 time)
CON (1 time)
2008 Influence of gait manipulation on running economy in female distance runners.
24  bakuchiol
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ANG (1 time)
BC (1 time)
BCM (1 time)
2001 Active constituents isolated from Psoralea glandulosa L. with antiinflammatory and antipyretic activities.
25  band keratopathy
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
PTK (2 times)
AMT (1 time)
BSCVA (1 time)
2010 Combined ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid chelation, phototherapeutic keratectomy and amniotic membrane transplantation for treatment of band keratopathy.
26  basal keratinocytes
(2 times)
Dermatology
(2 times)
LC (1 time)
VLA (1 time)
1989 Human epidermal basal keratinocytes express CDw29 antigens.
27  Basic Knowledge
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CPA (1 time)
CPR (1 time)
IBLS (1 time)
2014 Parental knowledge, attitudes and perceptions regarding infant basic life support.
28  below knee amputation
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HR (2 times)
AK (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2014 Outcomes and characteristics of patients undergoing percutaneous angioplasty followed by below-knee or above-knee amputation for peripheral artery disease.
29  bent-knee
(2 times)
Biology
(1 time)
FU (1 time)
LK (1 time)
OL (1 time)
2009 The relative cost of bent-hip bent-knee walking is reduced in water.
30  big conductance calcium-activated K(+) channel
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
EFS (1 time)
l-nitroarginine (1 time)
NO (1 time)
2008 Involvements of PHI-nitric oxide and PACAP-BK channel in the sustained relaxation of mouse gastric fundus.
31  bilateral kindling
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
ADs (1 time)
AK (1 time)
HFB (1 time)
2000 Simultaneous kindling of the bilateral hippocampi: an advanced model for epilepsy research.
32  Blake-Kozeny
(2 times)
Membranes
(1 time)
CFD (1 time)
HFMs (1 time)
PMP (1 time)
2011 Darcy Permeability of Hollow Fiber Bundles Used in Blood Oxygenation Devices.
33  Blockade of large conductance
(2 times)
Urology
(1 time)
TEA (1 time)
1996 The effects of K+ channel blockers on the spontaneous electrical and contractile activity in the proximal renal pelvis of the guinea pig.
34  blocker of large-conductance calcium-activated potassium
(2 times)
Psychophysiology
(1 time)
BLA (1 time)
1996 Block of BK (maxi K) channels of rat pituitary melanotrophs by Na+ and other alkali metal ions.
35  body kidney
(2 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
HSCs (2 times)
HK (1 time)
HPCs (1 time)
2008 Long-term hematopoietic reconstitution by transplantation of kidney hematopoietic stem cells in lethally irradiated clonal ginbuna crucian carp (Carassius auratus langsdorfii).
36  Brandt-Kitagawa
(2 times)
Physics
(1 time)
eff (3 times)
EPS (1 time)
eq (1 time)
2013 Heavy ion charge-state distribution effects on energy loss in plasmas.
37  breaker
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
1-MCP (1 time)
C5-MTases (1 time)
MG (1 time)
2008 Ripening-specific stigmasterol increase in tomato fruit is associated with increased sterol C-22 desaturase (CYP710A11) gene expression.
38  Brewbaker and Kwack
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
EACA (1 time)
HH (1 time)
PGM (1 time)
2001 Development of an improved medium for germination of Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. pollen in vitro.
39  Broussonetia kazinoki
(2 times)
Physicochemical Phenomena
(1 time)
SF (1 time)
VEGF-A (1 time)
2014 Broussonetia kazinoki modulates the expression of VEGFR-2 and MMP-2 through the inhibition of ERK, Akt and p70S6K‑dependent signaling pathways: Its implication in endothelial cell proliferation, migration and tubular formation.
40  Broussonetia kazinoki Siebold
(2 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
AMPK (1 time)
ER (1 time)
GLUT4 (1 time)
2016 Kazinol B from Broussonetia kazinoki improves insulin sensitivity via Akt and AMPK activation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes.
41  Bupleurum kasi
(2 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
CP (1 time)
CVB1 (1 time)
2007 Bupleurum kaoi inhibits Coxsackie B virus type 1 infection of CCFS-1 cells by induction of type I interferons expression.
42  Koch Bacillus
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CT (1 time)
IDR (1 time)
MT (1 time)
2011 [Tuberculosis in chronic hemodialysis patients at the Teaching Hospital of Point G (CHU) in Bamako].
43  (4-Br-Phe5)-bradykinin
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1979 Preparation of intrinsically-labelled kinins.
44  AcLys-(D-betaNal7,Ile8)desArg9-bradykinin
(1 time)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
--- 1999 Kinin B1 receptor antagonists containing alpha-methyl-L-phenylalanine: in vitro and in vivo antagonistic activities.
45  anti-bradykinin
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 1989 Demonstration of anti-bradykinin compounds in callus cultures of Mandevilla velutina.
46  B Khianman
(1 time)
Health Services Research
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
JT (1 time)
MD (1 time)
2012 Relaxation therapy for preventing and treating preterm labour.
47  B&K Universal, Sweden
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
DK (1 time)
NMDA (1 time)
SD (1 time)
2002 Differential antinociception by morphine and methadone in two sub-strains of Sprague-Dawley rats and its potentiation by dextromethorphan.
48  B&K Universal, UK
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
--- 2011 Differences in voluntary ethanol consumption in Wistar rats from five different suppliers.
49  B. kazinoki leaves
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
2014 The Leaves of Broussonetia kazinoki Siebold Inhibit Atopic Dermatitis-Like Response on Mite Allergen-Treated Nc/Nga Mice.
50  B1 receptor antagonist, des-Arg9-(Leu8)bradykinin
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
AII (1 time)
KD (1 time)
1995 The kinin B1 receptor antagonist des-Arg9-[Leu8]bradykinin: an antagonist of the angiotensin AT1 receptor which also binds to the AT2 receptor.
51  bacillus Koch
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
OATB (1 time)
TB (1 time)
WHO (1 time)
2017 Diagnosis and Treatment Particularities in Osteoarticuar Tuberculosis.
52  background
(1 time)
Nuclear Medicine
(1 time)
111In-OCT (1 time)
BA (1 time)
GD (1 time)
1995 Indium-111 octreotide in Graves' disease and in the evaluation of active exophthalmos.
53  backs and receivers
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
LB/QB (1 time)
LM (1 time)
SwtRs (1 time)
2010 Sweat rates, sweat sodium concentrations, and sodium losses in 3 groups of professional football players.
54  backstroke
(1 time)
Physical Fitness
(1 time)
BR (1 time)
FC (1 time)
IMF (1 time)
2012 Inspiratory muscle fatigue after race-paced swimming is not restricted to the front crawl stroke.
55  bacteria-associated keratitis
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
AK (1 time)
CI (1 time)
OR (1 time)
2012 Assessment of real-time polymerase chain reaction detection of Acanthamoeba and prognosis determinants of Acanthamoeba keratitis.
56  Bacterium Koch
(1 time)
Pulmonary Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1974 [Fate of BK (Bacterium Koch)-positive patients discovered during the past 11 years].
57  baechu kimchi
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
GK (1 time)
PK (1 time)
WK (1 time)
2011 Effects of kimchi ethanolic extracts on oxidative stability of refrigerated cooked pork.
58  Baleares-Kabylies
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
MSC (1 time)
2011 An earthworm riddle: systematics and phylogeography of the Spanish lumbricid Postandrilus.
59  Balkans
(1 time)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
EE (1 time)
ESPAD (1 time)
HED (1 time)
2018 'Are The Times A-Changin'? Trends in adolescent substance use in Europe.
60  Bangkhen
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
BL (1 time)
DOC (1 time)
DON (1 time)
2018 Reduction by enhanced coagulation of dissolved organic nitrogen as a precursor of N-nitrosodimethylamine.
61  Bangkok
(1 time)
Epidemiology
(1 time)
nt (1 time)
PBMC (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
1994 Molecular subtypes of env sequences around V3 region of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in Taiwan.
62  Baranyai-Kiss
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
SPC/E (1 time)
TIP4P (1 time)
2012 Surface properties of the polarizable Baranyai-Kiss water model.
63  barley kernels
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
FFA (1 time)
GIP (1 time)
GLP-1 (1 time)
2013 Effects of indigestible carbohydrates in barley on glucose metabolism, appetite and voluntary food intake over 16 h in healthy adults.
64  Barombi Koto
(1 time)
Immune System Diseases
(1 time)
MDA (1 time)
2018 Schistosomiasis Burden and Its Association With Lower Measles Vaccine Responses in School Children From Rural Cameroon.
65  Bayesian kriging
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
DSM (1 time)
2017 Evaluating the effect of remote sensing image spatial resolution on soil exchangeable potassium prediction models in smallholder farm settings.
66  beetle-killed
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
BC (1 time)
MPB (1 time)
SSF (1 time)
2007 Acid-catalyzed steam pretreatment of lodgepole pine and subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation to ethanol.
67  below-knee amputation group
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
ADL (1 time)
AK (1 time)
ASO (1 time)
2008 Changes in the activities of daily living (ADL) in relation to the level of amputation of patients undergoing lower extremity amputation for arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO).
68  below-knee bypass
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
AK (1 time)
2009 PEPE II--a multicenter study with an end-point heparin-bonded expanded polytetrafluoroethylene vascular graft for above and below knee bypass surgery: determinants of patency.
69  benzimidazolone that activates the K+
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
DHEA (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
T-ALL (1 time)
2018 Selective killing of human T-ALL cells: an integrated approach targeting redox homeostasis and the OMA1/OPA1 axis.
70  Berlin K
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
HR (1 time)
1980 Genetical relationship between resistance to insecticides and procarcinogens in two Drosophila populations.
71  Berufskrankheiten
(1 time)
Dermatology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Arbeitsbedingte Synkanzerogenese an der Haut - Zur kombinatorischen Einwirkung zweier Karzinogene der Berufskrankheiten-Liste.
72  Bezanijska kosa
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
GM (1 time)
2016 Analysis of the third- and fourth-generation cephalosporin use for the treatment of infections caused by Gram-negative bacteria in hospital settings.
73  big conductance KCa current
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
alpha9nAChR (1 time)
KCa (1 time)
2013 Two distinct channels mediated by m2mAChR and alpha9nAChR co-exist in type II vestibular hair cells of guinea pig.
74  big current K(+) channel
(1 time)
Genetics
(1 time)
EAG (1 time)
2012 Cell excitability necessary for male mating behavior in Caenorhabditis elegans is coordinated by interactions between big current and ether-a-go-go family K(+) channels.
75  big K+
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
L-AP4 (1 time)
mGluR1 (1 time)
PTX (1 time)
1998 Modulation of big K+ channel activity by ryanodine receptors and L-type Ca2+ channels in neurons.
76  big or maxi-K
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
--- 2006 Voltage- and Ca2+-activated potassium channels in Ca2+ store control Ca2+ release.
77  big- or large-conductance, calcium-activated K+
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
EPSC (1 time)
2018 BK channel blocker paxilline attenuates thalidomide-caused synaptic and cognitive dysfunctions in mice.
78  big-conductance Ca⁺-dependent K⁺ channels
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
ACh (1 time)
GM (1 time)
mAChRs (1 time)
2014 Gentamicin blocks the ACh-induced BK current in guinea pig type II vestibular hair cells by competing with Ca⁺ at the L-type calcium channel.
79  Big-K(+) conductance
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
AHPs (1 time)
2009 Blocking the BK channel impedes acquisition of trace eyeblink conditioning.
80  bioartificial kidney
(1 time)
Transplantation
(1 time)
IL (1 time)
TNF (1 time)
2007 Effect of continuous bioartificial kidney therapy on porcine multiple organ dysfunction syndrome with acute renal failure.
81  Biokinergia
(1 time)
Chiropractic
(1 time)
--- 1998 Influence of a Biokinergia session on cardiorespiratory and metabolic adaptations of trained subjects.
82  Biologically-active kinins, including bradykinin
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
GPCRs (1 time)
2003 Bradykinin receptors as a therapeutic target.
83  Bishop-Koop ileostomy
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
MI (1 time)
RA (1 time)
1992 Management and survival of meconium ileus. A 30-year review.
84  BK polyoma-virus
(1 time)
Clinical Medicine
(1 time)
CMV (1 time)
GVHD (1 time)
HC (1 time)
2016 Treatment of Resstant Cyclophosphamide Induced Haemorrhagic Cystts: Revew of Literature and Three Case Reports.
85  BK virus nephropathy, BKN
(1 time)
Nephrology
(1 time)
MMF (1 time)
2003 Infection with polyomavirus type BK after renal transplantation.
86  BK(Ca)
(1 time)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
cAK (1 time)
cGK (1 time)
PKC (1 time)
2001 A molecular switch for specific stimulation of the BKCa channel by cGMP and cAMP kinase.
87  BK-induced contractions
(1 time)
Toxicology
(1 time)
ACE (1 time)
BPP (1 time)
BPP's (1 time)
2014 A new structurally atypical bradykinin-potentiating peptide isolated from Crotalus durissus cascavella venom (South American rattlesnake).
88  BK-type potassium
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
Kv (1 time)
PVP (1 time)
2015 Cadmium-cysteine coordination in the BK inner pore region and its structural and functional implications.
89  Black Kedu
(1 time)
Veterinary Medicine
(1 time)
AR (1 time)
KD (1 time)
2011 Genetic diversity and population structure of Indonesian native chickens based on single nucleotide polymorphism markers.
90  black-legged kittiwake
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
HG (1 time)
HOCs (1 time)
LF (1 time)
2011 Lysosomal and lipid-associated parameters in the livers of three species of arctic seabird chicks: species differences and relationships with contaminant levels.
91  blackberry
(1 time)
Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
(1 time)
BB (1 time)
BC (1 time)
CLS (1 time)
2016 Blueberry, blackberry, and blackcurrant differentially affect plasma lipids and pro-inflammatory markers in diet-induced obesity mice.
92  block I
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
--- 2004 Spontaneous low-frequency voltage oscillations in frog saccular hair cells.
93  block Kriging
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
MSN (1 time)
SS (1 time)
ST (1 time)
2016 Assessment of pollutant mean concentrations in the Yangtze estuary based on MSN theory.
94  block the large-conductance potassium
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
--- 2016 Is bursting more effective than spiking in evoking pituitary hormone secretion? A spatiotemporal simulation study of calcium and granule dynamics.
95  blockade of I
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
MET (1 time)
2009 Spikes and membrane potential oscillations in hair cells generate periodic afferent activity in the frog sacculus.
96  blocker of large-conductance K(Ca) channels
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
Ca (2 times)
4-AP (1 time)
2001 Rapidly inactivating and non-inactivating calcium-activated potassium currents in frog saccular hair cells.
97  blockers iberiotoxin
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
TRH (1 time)
2005 Contribution of different Ca-activated K channels to the first phase of the response to TRH in clonal rat anterior pituitary cells.
98  blockers of large-conductance maxi-K
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
IK (1 time)
PM (1 time)
2012 Apical Ca2+-activated potassium channels in mouse parotid acinar cells.
99  blockers of the large-conductance
(1 time)
Neurology
(1 time)
1-EBIO (1 time)
APA (1 time)
Ca (1 time)
2008 Calcium-activated potassium currents differentially modulate respiratory rhythm generation.
100  blocking the I
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
ATP (1 time)
BzATP (1 time)
PVR (1 time)
2001 Upregulation of P2X(7) receptor currents in Muller glial cells during proliferative vitreoretinopathy.