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Abbreviation: BMD
Appearance Frequency: 22015 time(s)
Long forms: 145

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
bone mineral density
(20614 times)
Orthopedics
(5243 times)
DXA (2808 times)
BMC (1263 times)
BMI (1185 times)
0 [Bone quality in patients with acromegaly].
Becker muscular dystrophy
(452 times)
Neurology
(133 times)
DMD (287 times)
MLPA (24 times)
CK (19 times)
1980 Serum myoglobin in muscular dystrophy.
benchmark dose
(253 times)
Toxicology
(131 times)
NOAEL (21 times)
BMDL (17 times)
BMR (17 times)
1994 Dose-response assessment for developmental toxicity. I. Characterization of database and determination of no observed adverse effect levels.
broth microdilution
(182 times)
Microbiology
(100 times)
CLSI (26 times)
MIC (23 times)
MRSA (22 times)
1987 Ceftizoxime and cefoxitin susceptibility testing against anaerobic bacteria: comparison of results from three NCCLS methods and quality control recommendations for the reference agar dilution procedure.
bone mass density
(154 times)
Endocrinology
(21 times)
BMI (13 times)
CD (9 times)
DXA (9 times)
1992 Effect of growth hormone therapy on IGF-I, bone GLA-protein and bone mineral content in short children with and without chronic renal failure.
bacitracin methylene disalicylate
(31 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(25 times)
NE (4 times)
FCR (3 times)
AGP (2 times)
1985 Bacitracin methylene disalicylate in broiler breeder feeds.
Best macular dystrophy
(23 times)
Ophthalmology
(10 times)
RPE (4 times)
mfERG (3 times)
OCT (3 times)
1982 Histopathology of Best's macular dystrophy.
bone mineral density measurements
(19 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
BMI (3 times)
HRT (3 times)
DEXA (2 times)
1991 [Isolated osteoporosis in a case with Cushing's disease: development after treatment].
borderline or mild dyskaryosis
(14 times)
Neoplasms
(11 times)
HR-HPV (9 times)
CI (4 times)
CIN (4 times)
2001 High-risk HPV testing in women with borderline and mild dyskaryosis: long-term follow-up data and clinical relevance.
10  brimonidine
(14 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
RGC (5 times)
FG (4 times)
RGCs (4 times)
2001 Brimonidine's neuroprotective effects against transient ischaemia-induced retinal ganglion cell death.
11  bone marrow-derived
(13 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
CEC (2 times)
GFP (2 times)
CB-TE2A (1 time)
1990 Induction of mixed lymphocyte reaction nonresponsiveness after chimeric thymus transplantation.
12  broth microdilution method
(12 times)
Microbiology
(8 times)
MICs (3 times)
MIC (2 times)
PEG (2 times)
2004 Utility of NCCLS guidelines for identifying extended-spectrum beta-lactamases in non-Escherichia coli and Non-Klebsiella spp. of Enterobacteriaceae.
13  bipolar mood disorder
(11 times)
Psychiatry
(3 times)
ADHD (4 times)
EEG (3 times)
1NN (1 time)
1995 Is puerperal psychosis bipolar mood disorder?: a phenomenological comparison.
14  Bernese Mountain Dogs
(10 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
ED (2 times)
SNP (2 times)
Ap (1 time)
1995 Inheritance of histiocytosis in Bernese mountain dogs.
15  bone densitometry
(7 times)
Transplantation
(2 times)
PTH (2 times)
ApoA1 (1 time)
apoB (1 time)
1997 Bone loss and turnover after cardiac transplantation.
16  Best vitelliform macular dystrophy
(6 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
ADVIRC (1 time)
AVMD (1 time)
EOG (1 time)
1996 Macular flicker electroretinograms in Best vitelliform dystrophy.
17  Borrelia miyamotoi disease
(6 times)
Microbiology
(4 times)
HBD (1 time)
LB (1 time)
PCR (1 time)
2015 Borrelia miyamotoi Disease in the Northeastern United States: A Case Series.
18  beclomethasone dipropionate
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ANN (1 time)
BA (1 time)
BMV (1 time)
1982 [Comparative toxicity test of dexamethasone valerate (DV-17) and other steroid ointments in rats].
19  beta-methyl-digoxin
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AF (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HR (1 time)
1977 Comparative pharmacodynamics of betamethyl digoxin and digoxin in man.
20  BMDvol
(5 times)
Pediatrics
(2 times)
IH (2 times)
BMC (1 time)
BMI (1 time)
2001 Regular physical exercise and bone mineral density: a four-year controlled randomized trial in middle-aged men. The DNASCO study.
21  bone mineral content and density
(5 times)
Brain
(1 time)
LS (2 times)
ADT (1 time)
BMAD (1 time)
1996 Body composition in children with renal disease: use of dual energy X-ray absorptiometry.
22  brown muscle disease
(5 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
BUR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
SURF (1 time)
2008 Brown muscle disease (BMD), an emergent pathology affecting Manila clam Ruditapes philippinarum in Arcachon Bay (SW France).
23  Burning mouth disorder
(5 times)
Dentistry
(3 times)
fMRI (1 time)
2003 Burning mouth (syndrome) disorder.
24  benchmark dose modelling
(4 times)
Toxicology
(3 times)
ATSDR (1 time)
BMDL (1 time)
EMEG (1 time)
1999 Reducing uncertainty in the derivation and application of health guidance values in public health practice. Dioxin as a case study.
25  bone mineral disease
(4 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
BALP (1 time)
CAC (1 time)
CD (1 time)
2003 Correlations of new markers of bone formation and resorption in kidney transplant recipients.
26  Behavioural and Mood Disturbance scale
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
CAPE (1 time)
CI (1 time)
HD (1 time)
1991 Caring for dementia sufferers in the community: the caregivers problems.
27  bilateral MD
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(2 times)
MD (3 times)
uMD (2 times)
AD (1 time)
2016 Endolymphatic space size in patients with Meniere's disease and healthy controls.
28  bilateral Meniere's disease
(3 times)
Otolaryngology
(3 times)
PARP-1 (1 time)
PTPN22 (1 time)
SNPs (1 time)
1991 Bilateral Meniere's disease in surgical versus nonsurgical patients.
29  BMDLs
(3 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BMR (1 time)
Cr (1 time)
FCd (1 time)
2011 A signal-to-noise crossover dose as the point of departure for health risk assessment.
30  Boehringer Mannheim Diagnostics
(3 times)
Chemistry, Clinical
(2 times)
EK (1 time)
LD (1 time)
REP (1 time)
1986 Assays of serum lipase: analytical and clinical considerations.
31  bone mass densitometry
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(2 times)
CME (1 time)
2002 Does patient partnership in continuing medical education (CME) improve the outcome in osteoporosis management?
32  Bone mineral density of the lumbar spine
(3 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
B-AIP (1 time)
BGP (1 time)
DEXA (1 time)
1994 [Bone mineral density of lumbar spine and its relations to biological and lifestyle factors in middle-aged and aged Japanese women (Part 2). Effects of age and menopause on bone mineral density evaluated by biochemical markers of bone metabolism].
33  borderline mental disorders
(3 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
--- 1997 [The prevalence of borderline mental disorders in persons of either sex].
34  brain metabolic DNA
(3 times)
Neurology
(3 times)
BrdU (1 time)
2017 Brain metabolic DNA in memory processing and genome turnover.
35  brain metastatic disease
(3 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
EOC (2 times)
CC (1 time)
cSRE (1 time)
2009 Brain metastases in epithelial ovarian and primary peritoneal carcinoma.
36  (E)-bromomethoxydiene
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
--- 2016 Synthesis of (E)-4-Bromo-3-methoxybut-3-en-2-one, the Key Fragment in the Polyhydroxylated Chain Common to Oscillariolide and Phormidolides A-C.
37  beached marine debris
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
SMD (2 times)
FMD (1 time)
SMSFMD (1 time)
2011 The abundance, composition and sources of marine debris in coastal seawaters or beaches around the northern South China Sea (China).
38  Becker MD
(2 times)
Physiology
(1 time)
DMD (2 times)
MD (2 times)
A6MCT (1 time)
1993 Dystrophin analysis in the diagnosis of childhood muscular dystrophy: an immunohistochemical study of 75 cases.
39  bimodal dialysis
(2 times)
Nephrology
(1 time)
HD (2 times)
PD (2 times)
ESRD (1 time)
2004 Bimodal dialysis: an integrated approach to renal replacement therapy.
40  Biomedical Diagnostics
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ANA (1 time)
ATI (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2007 Comparison of three multiplex immunoassays for detection of antibodies to extractable nuclear antibodies using clinically defined sera.
41  bioprocess-centered molecular design
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
KSI (1 time)
2004 Bioprocess-centered molecular design (BMD) for the efficient production of an interfacially active peptide.
42  bis(4-methylbenzoyl) diselenide
(2 times)
Pharmacy
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
BK (1 time)
CFA (1 time)
2013 Hepatoprotective effect of bis(4-methylbenzoyl) diselenide against CCl(4)-induced oxidative damage in mice.
43  BM density
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
BM (2 times)
DAS28 (1 time)
GD (1 time)
2015 Occurrence of osteoporosis & factors determining bone mineral loss in young adults with Graves' disease.
44  BMD z-score
(2 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DEXA (1 time)
DXA (1 time)
2007 Evaluation of bone mineral density in children with hemophilia: Mansoura University children hospital (MUCH) experience, Mansoura, Egypt.
45  BMDcort
(2 times)
Public Health
(1 time)
PBM (1 time)
SCI (1 time)
2005 Assessment of anthropometric, systemic, and lifestyle factors influencing bone status in the legs of spinal cord injured individuals.
46  bone marrow disease
(2 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(2 times)
BMB (2 times)
NHL (2 times)
CT (1 time)
2008 FDG-PET in the detection of bone marrow disease in Hodgkin's disease and aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and its impact on clinical management.
47  bone mineral density screening
(2 times)
Vascular Diseases
(1 time)
HTN (1 time)
PMOP (1 time)
2016 Bone Turnover Markers for Osteoporosis Status Assessment at Baseline in Postmenopausal Pakistani Females.
48  bone morphogenic density
(2 times)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
LOS Questionnaire (1 time)
2011 Anamnestic risk factor questionnaire as reliable diagnostic instrument for osteoporosis (reduced bone morphogenic density).
49  bone turnover and/or mineral density
(2 times)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
ACS (1 time)
BFR (1 time)
DXA (1 time)
2009 BclI polymorphism of the glucocorticoid receptor gene is associated with decreased bone mineral density in patients with endogenous hypercortisolism.
50  milder Becker
(2 times)
Neurology
(1 time)
DMD (2 times)
IHC (1 time)
MD STARnet (1 time)
2013 Clinical, immunohistochemical, Western blot, and genetic analysis in dystrophinopathy.
51  N1-benzyl-4-methylbenzene-1,2-diamine
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
iNOS (2 times)
LPS (2 times)
NF (2 times)
2005 Anti-inflammatory benzene diamine compound inhibited toll-like receptor 4-mediated inducible nitric oxide synthase expression and nuclear factor-kappa B activation.
52  4-tert-butyl-4'-methoxydibenzoylmethane
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
UV (1 time)
1991 [High performance liquid chromatographic analysis of typical ultraviolet absorbers in cosmetic products].
53  B. miyamotoi disease
(1 time)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
uPA (1 time)
2018 The Complement Binding and Inhibitory Protein CbiA of Borrelia miyamotoi Degrades Extracellular Matrix Components by Interacting with Plasmin(ogen).
54  bacitracin dimethyl salicyclate
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
AGP (1 time)
2018 Effect of antibiotic withdrawal in feed on chicken gut microbial dynamics, immunity, growth performance and prevalence of foodborne pathogens.
55  Baimudan
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BHYZ (1 time)
EPSFs (1 time)
2018 Metabolomics Investigation Reveals That 8-C N-Ethyl-2-pyrrolidinone-Substituted Flavan-3-ols Are Potential Marker Compounds of Stored White Teas.
56  Bangladesh Meteorology Department
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SPEI (1 time)
2017 Exploring standardized precipitation evapotranspiration index for drought assessment in Bangladesh.
57  Basement membrane degradation
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
MMPs (1 time)
uPA (1 time)
1997 Proteinase inhibitors reduce basement membrane degradation by human breast cancer cell lines.
58  basic manual dexterity
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
BMDS (1 time)
2007 Is manual dexterity essential in the selection of dental students?
59  basis of the results of densitometric analysis
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2006 The relationship between mineral status of the organism and the number of teeth present and periodontal condition in postmenopausal patients.
60  Bayesian microsaccade detection
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
--- 2017 Bayesian microsaccade detection.
61  Becker muscular dystrophy patients
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DMD (1 time)
2015 DMD Mutations in 576 Dystrophinopathy Families: A Step Forward in Genotype-Phenotype Correlations.
62  been associated with mild
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2003 Large in-frame deletions of the rod-shaped domain of the dystrophin gene resulting in severe phenotype.
63  Behaviors and Mental Disorders
(1 time)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
NSD (1 time)
2011 Dynamic, multi-level network models of clinical trials.
64  Bekker's myodystrophy
(1 time)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
CPK (1 time)
DMD (1 time)
LV (1 time)
2007 [Characteristics of cardiomyopathy in recessive X-linked myodystrophy with a rapid and slow course].
65  Bembezar Margen Derecha
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
GHG (1 time)
NSGA II (1 time)
2014 New model for sustainable management of pressurized irrigation networks. Application to Bembezar MD irrigation district (Spain).
66  benchmark dose methods
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
--- 1998 [Application of BMD models in quantitative evaluation of carcinogenic risk].
67  benchmark dose value
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ABC (1 time)
EGME (1 time)
GSA (1 time)
2018 A Computational Workflow for Probabilistic Quantitative in Vitro to in Vivo Extrapolation.
68  benign mammary dysplasia
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
--- 1982 The comparative epidemiology of benign breast lumps and breast cancer in Western Australia.
69  benzamidine
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
PMSF (1 time)
SVTLEs (1 time)
2011 Molecular mechanism analysis of Gloydius shedaoensis venom gloshedobin interaction with inhibitors by homology modeling.
70  best monosyllabic discrimination
(1 time)
Audiology
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
FMD (1 time)
2018 Effects of Cerebral Blood Flow and Vessel Conditions on Speech Recognition in Patients With Postlingual Adult Cochlear Implant: Predictable Factors for the Efficacy of Cochlear Implant.
71  between genotypes for this gene and proximal femur mineral density
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
GI (1 time)
SGC (1 time)
2012 [Polymorphisms in xenobiotic-metabolizing genes in the pathogenesis of glucocorticoid-induced osteoporosis in patients with bronchial asthma].
72  between-module degree
(1 time)
Brain
(1 time)
PFC (1 time)
rTMS (1 time)
2017 Frequency-specific neuromodulation of local and distant connectivity in aging and episodic memory function.
73  bilateral macular dystrophy
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
CTRL (1 time)
FAZ (1 time)
OCT (1 time)
2012 Detailed functional and structural characterization of a macular lesion in a rhesus macaque.
74  bilateral Madelung deformity
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
LWS (1 time)
rhGH (1 time)
SDS (1 time)
2003 Effect of 24 months of recombinant growth hormone on height and body proportions in SHOX haploinsufficiency.
75  bilateral MD cases
(1 time)
Otolaryngology
(1 time)
MD (1 time)
UPDV (1 time)
UPHL (1 time)
1995 Epidemiological study of severe cases of Meniere's disease in Japan.
76  bilateral mediastinal node dissection
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
NSCLC (1 time)
UMD (1 time)
2013 Contralateral mediastinal lymph node micrometastases assessed by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery in stage I non-small cell left lung cancer.
77  Biomass Distribution
(1 time)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
ED (1 time)
LSE (1 time)
2017 Approaches for quantifying antimicrobial consumption per animal species based on national sales data: a Swiss example, 2006 to 2013.
78  biomedical
(1 time)
Health Services
(1 time)
BPS (1 time)
2017 Physician Assimilation in Medical Schools: Dualisms of Biomedical and Biopsychosocial Ideologies in the Discourse of Physician Educators.
79  biomedical doctors
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
MERSQI (1 time)
TCAM (1 time)
2012 Complementary and alternative medicine education for medical profession: systematic review.
80  biomedically trained doctors
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
IHC (1 time)
IPC (1 time)
TCAMP (1 time)
2012 Organizational determinants of interprofessional collaboration in integrative health care: systematic review of qualitative studies.
81  bisphosphonates-bone mineral density
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
RCTs (1 time)
2014 Bisphosphonates in the management of thalassemia-associated osteoporosis: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials.
82  Bleach-mediated disinfection
(1 time)
Education
(1 time)
IDUs (1 time)
NS (1 time)
2002 Needle and syringe cleaning practices among injection drug users.
83  blind manual defibrillation
(1 time)
Emergency Medicine
(1 time)
CPR (1 time)
EMTs (1 time)
1997 Automated external versus blind manual defibrillation by untrained lay rescuers.
84  blood pressure measuring devices
(1 time)
Cardiology
(1 time)
SASPI (1 time)
2006 Blood pressure-measuring devices in rural South Africa: an audit conducted by the SASPI team in the Agincourt field site.
85  blood serum, mineral density of bones
(1 time)
Endocrine System Diseases
(1 time)
ALP (1 time)
GHD (1 time)
rhGH (1 time)
2010 [The effect of one year therapy with recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) on growth velocity, calcium-phosphorus metabolism, bone mineral density and changes in body composition in children with growth hormone deficiency (GHD)].
86  Blueberry mosaic disease
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
--- 2014 A new ophiovirus is associated with blueberry mosaic disease.
87  BM device
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
FPs (1 time)
2015 Impression cytology: a novel sampling technique for conjunctival cytology of the feline eye.
88  BM donors
(1 time)
Virology
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
BMT (1 time)
HBsAg (1 time)
1995 Immunization against hepatitis B through adoptive transfer of immunity.
89  BM-derived
(1 time)
Pathology
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
MI (1 time)
2008 Bone marrow-derived myofibroblasts contribute functionally to scar formation after myocardial infarction.
90  BM-derived leukocytes
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BM (1 time)
MDSC (1 time)
Mo-MDSC (1 time)
2018 The role of CCR5 in directing the mobilization and biological function of CD11b+Gr1+Ly6Clow polymorphonuclear myeloid cells in cancer.
91  BMC and area density
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BMAD (1 time)
BMC (1 time)
1991 Clinical and anthropometric correlates of bone mineral acquisition in healthy adolescent girls.
92  BMC and density
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
BMC (1 time)
LCPUFA (1 time)
LP (1 time)
2012 Maternal supplementation with dietary arachidonic and docosahexaenoic acids during lactation elevates bone mass in weanling rat and guinea pig offspring even if born small sized.
93  BMC divided by BA
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
ALSPAC (1 time)
BA (1 time)
BMC (1 time)
2010 Adiponectin and its association with bone mass accrual in childhood.
94  BMC results in lower mineral density
(1 time)
Orthopedics
(1 time)
BMC (1 time)
DEXA (1 time)
2013 [Ovariectomy and calcium/vitamin D2/D3 deficient diet as a model of osteoporosis in the spine of Sprague-Dawley rats].
95  BMD cross-calibration was only required in the femoral neck, DPXL
(1 time)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
BMC (1 time)
TBTissue (1 time)
VCP (1 time)
2003 Cross-calibration of GE/Lunar pencil and fan-beam dual energy densitometers--bone mineral density and body composition studies.
96  BMD greater than the LSC
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
alphaBMD (1 time)
CV (1 time)
ELISA (1 time)
2000 Serum CrossLaps for monitoring the response in individuals undergoing antiresorptive therapy.
97  BMD resulted in r
(1 time)
Metabolism
(1 time)
HRCT (1 time)
Str (1 time)
1999 Relationship between structural parameters, bone mineral density and fracture load in lumbar vertebrae, based on high-resolution computed tomography, quantitative computed tomography and compression tests.
98  BMD Z-score (mean +/- SD)
(1 time)
Hematology
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
DEXA (1 time)
MUCH (1 time)
2007 Evaluation of bone mineral density in children with hemophilia: Mansoura University children hospital (MUCH) experience, Mansoura, Egypt.
99  BMD, t-score and z-score at lumbar spine were relatively low
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
PHPT (1 time)
2012 The usefulness of high pre-operative levels of serum type I collagen bone markers for the prediction of changes in bone mineral density after parathyroidectomy.
100  BMD-fn
(1 time)
Endocrinology
(1 time)
OPG (1 time)
RANKL (1 time)
TNFSF11 (1 time)
2009 The combinations of polymorphisms in vitamin D receptor, osteoprotegerin and tumour necrosis factor superfamily member 11 genes are associated with bone mineral density.