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Abbreviation: BPE
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
benign prostatic enlargement
(226 times)
Urology
(140 times)
LUTS (91 times)
IPSS (57 times)
TURP (36 times)
1995 Urodynamic assessment in the laser treatment of benign prostatic enlargement.
background parenchymal enhancement
(151 times)
Radiology
(66 times)
MRI (41 times)
FGT (36 times)
MR (14 times)
2011 Background parenchymal enhancement at breast MR imaging and breast cancer risk.
bipolar electrode
(68 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(29 times)
ECL (25 times)
PSA (7 times)
PMT (5 times)
2010 Display of solid-state materials using bipolar electrochemistry.
bovine pituitary extract
(51 times)
Cell Biology
(12 times)
EGF (22 times)
bFGF (9 times)
FBS (7 times)
1984 Integrated control of growth and differentiation of normal human prokeratinocytes cultured in serum-free medium: clonal analyses, growth kinetics, and cell cycle studies.
benign pleural effusion
(37 times)
Neoplasms
(16 times)
MPE (31 times)
CEA (12 times)
ROC (11 times)
2000 Evaluation of inflammatory cytokines in malignant and benign pleural effusions.
bisphenol E
(36 times)
Environmental Health
(14 times)
BPS (32 times)
BPB (28 times)
BPA (27 times)
2001 Simultaneous determination of phenolic xenoestrogens by solid-phase extraction and high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection.
trans-1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene
(34 times)
Chemistry
(11 times)
SERS (24 times)
LSPR (4 times)
DNPH (3 times)
2002 Self-assembly of transition-metal-based macrocycles linked by photoisomerizable ligands: examples of photoinduced conversion of tetranuclear-dinuclear squares.
Basic Periodontal Examination
(24 times)
Dentistry
(18 times)
GDPs (3 times)
BEWE (2 times)
BSP (2 times)
2002 The British Society of Periodontology referral policy and parameters of care.
bipolar electrochemistry
(11 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
ECL (5 times)
AuNSs (1 time)
BE (1 time)
2014 Imaging redox activity at bipolar electrodes by indirect fluorescence modulation.
10  birch pollen extract
(9 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(6 times)
IL (2 times)
PBMC (2 times)
SCIT (2 times)
2000 Study of the Th1/Th2 balance, including IL-10 production, in cultures of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from birch-pollen-allergic patients.
11  benign prostatic epithelium
(6 times)
Pathology
(2 times)
PCa (2 times)
PIN (2 times)
ANXs (1 time)
1996 The effect on the insulin-like growth factor system in human prostate epithelial cells of immortalization and transformation by simian virus-40 T antigen.
12  Bicipital peritendinous effusion
(6 times)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
CI (1 time)
RCT (1 time)
ROI (1 time)
2013 Associations of sonographic abnormalities of the shoulder with various grades of biceps peritendinous effusion (BPE).
13  benign PE
(5 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
MPE (5 times)
PE (5 times)
AUC (2 times)
2015 A Novel Combination of Calprotectin and CXCL12 for Predicting Malignancy in Patients with Exudative Pleural Effusion.
14  borated polyethylene
(5 times)
Biophysics
(5 times)
ICRP (1 time)
MUs (1 time)
n,D (1 time)
2011 Neutron-induced electronic failures around a high-energy linear accelerator.
15  bovine pulmonary epithelial
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(3 times)
LPS (2 times)
ATP (1 time)
BAL (1 time)
1994 Examination of the toxicity of several protein toxins of plant origin using bovine pulmonary endothelial cells.
16  banana peel extract
(4 times)
Biotechnology
(1 time)
FTIR (2 times)
TPC (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
2010 Banana peel extract mediated synthesis of gold nanoparticles.
17  benign periablational enhancement
(4 times)
Vascular Diseases
(2 times)
RF (2 times)
RFA (2 times)
ALP (1 time)
2012 Differentiation of benign periablational enhancement from residual tumor following radio-frequency ablation using contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in a rat subcutaneous colon cancer model.
18  benzyl phenyl ether
(3 times)
Ce-LDH (1 time)
DPE (1 time)
GVL (1 time)
2020 IRMOF-74(n)-Mg: a novel catalyst series for hydrogen activation and hydrogenolysis of C-O bonds.
19  blood pressure elevation
(3 times)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
BP (1 time)
DBP (1 time)
1998 Familial hypertension, insulin, sympathetic activity, and blood pressure elevation.
20  Boesenbergia pandurata extract
(3 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(1 time)
MMP (2 times)
LPS (1 time)
NF-kappaB (1 time)
2017 Inhibitory Effects of Boesenbergia pandurata on Age-Related Periodontal Inflammation and Alveolar Bone Loss in Fischer 344 Rats.
21  breast parenchymal enhancement
(3 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
BCS (1 time)
DCE-MRI (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
2018 Identification of Preoperative Magnetic Resonance Imaging Features Associated with Positive Resection Margins in Breast Cancer: A Retrospective Study.
22  bunched phase encoding
(3 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(2 times)
CG (1 time)
GROG (1 time)
SNR (1 time)
2006 Bunched phase encoding (BPE): a new fast data acquisition method in MRI.
23  byte-pair encoding
(3 times)
Medical Informatics
(1 time)
DiMotif (1 time)
DRr (1 time)
DRr-Net (1 time)
2019 Probabilistic variable-length segmentation of protein sequences for discriminative motif discovery (DiMotif) and sequence embedding (ProtVecX).
24  D-benzylpenicillenic acid
(3 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
BPO (2 times)
PG (2 times)
BP (1 time)
1960 Studies on the mechanism of the formation of the penicillin antigen. I. Delayed allergic cross-reactions among penicillin G and its degradation products.
25  B. pandurata ethanol extract
(2 times)
Skin Diseases
(1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
B. pandurata (1 time)
ERRalpha (1 time)
2016 Standardized Boesenbergia pandurata Extract Stimulates Exercise Endurance Through Increasing Mitochondrial Biogenesis.
26  B. pandurata extract
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
AMPK (1 time)
CE (1 time)
HFD (1 time)
2012 Boesenbergia pandurata attenuates diet-induced obesity by activating AMP-activated protein kinase and regulating lipid metabolism.
27  Bavarian Perinatal Evaluation
(2 times)
Obstetrics
(2 times)
IUR (1 time)
1983 [The significance of betamimetics and magnesium for the outcome of pregnancy: II. The role of magnesium in the development of gestosis and fetal hypotrophy].
28  benign partial epilepsy
(2 times)
Brain
(2 times)
CBZ (1 time)
MEG (1 time)
MRI (1 time)
1994 Benign partial epilepsy with affective symptoms: hyperkinetic behavior during interictal periods.
29  benign proliferative endometrium
(2 times)
Pathology
(1 time)
EC (2 times)
AI (1 time)
CEH (1 time)
1998 Correlation of proliferation indices, apoptosis, and related oncogene expression (bcl-2 and c-erbB-2) and p53 in proliferative, hyperplastic, and malignant endometrium.
30  benz(g,h,i)perylene
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
BaA (2 times)
Chr (2 times)
DBA (2 times)
2015 Sources appointment and ecological risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in sediments of Erhai Lake, a low-latitude and high-altitude lake in southwest China.
31  Bidens Pilosa L
(2 times)
Zoology
(1 time)
AST (1 time)
LJE (1 time)
LRBD (1 time)
2009 An acqueous extract of Bidens pilosa L. protects liver from cholestatic disease: experimental study in young rats.
32  BIGPETAL
(2 times)
Botany
(1 time)
Am-ANT (1 time)
Am-BPE (1 time)
ANT (1 time)
2009 FORMOSA controls cell division and expansion during floral development in Antirrhinum majus.
33  bilateral parathyroid exploration
(2 times)
General Surgery
(2 times)
IOPTH (2 times)
MIP (2 times)
PHPT (1 time)
2013 Factors in conversion from minimally invasive parathyroidectomy to bilateral parathyroid exploration for primary hyperparathyroidism.
34  binding of trans-1,2-two(4-pyridyl) ethylene
(2 times)
SERS (2 times)
CE (1 time)
2012 Harnessing Chemical Raman Enhancement for Understanding Organic Adsorbate Binding on Metal Surfaces.
35  bio-photoelectrolysis cell
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
--- 2018 Cost-effective wastewater treatment in a continuous manner by a novel bio-photoelectrolysis cell (BPE) system.
36  biomass production efficiency
(2 times)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
AMF (1 time)
BP (1 time)
2018 Favorable effect of mycorrhizae on biomass production efficiency exceeds their carbon cost in a fertilization experiment.
37  biometry prediction error
(2 times)
Ophthalmology
(2 times)
IOL (2 times)
BPESign (1 time)
NCR (1 time)
2013 Cataract surgery outcome in eyes with keratoconus.
38  Bioprocessing Equipment
(2 times)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
ASME (1 time)
ASTM (1 time)
FDA (1 time)
2011 ASTM and ASME-BPE Standards--Complying with the Needs of the Pharmaceutical Industry.
39  biphasic poroelastic
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
BPVE (2 times)
LVE (1 time)
TIBPE (1 time)
2001 Biphasic poroviscoelastic simulation of the unconfined compression of articular cartilage: I--Simultaneous prediction of reaction force and lateral displacement.
40  black phosphorene
(2 times)
Chemistry
(1 time)
CILE (1 time)
PEDOT (1 time)
TCA (1 time)
2019 Voltammetric sensing performances of a carbon ionic liquid electrode modified with black phosphorene and hemin.
41  Black pleural effusion
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
CT (2 times)
PPF (1 time)
2018 Black pleural effusion due to pancreatic pseudocyst: A case report.
42  blood-borne pathogens exposure
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(1 time)
PEP (2 times)
aOR (1 time)
CI (1 time)
2016 Occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens among health care workers in Botswana: Reporting and utilization of postexposure prophylaxis.
43  blueberry peel extracts
(2 times)
Medicine
(1 time)
HFD (1 time)
PVA (1 time)
TACs (1 time)
2013 Blueberry peel extracts inhibit adipogenesis in 3T3-L1 cells and reduce high-fat diet-induced obesity.
44  bone protein extract
(2 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
DBM (2 times)
2015 The effect of equine-derived bone protein extract (Colloss-E) in the treatment of cavitary bone defects: an experimental study.
45  Bordetella pertussis extract
(2 times)
Communicable Diseases
(2 times)
HAU (1 time)
i.p (1 time)
1972 Immunization of mice against encephalomyocarditis virus. II. Intraperitoneal and respiratory immunization with ultraviolet-inactivated vaccine: effect of Bordetella pertussis extract on the immune response.
46  Brazilian green propolis hydroalcoholic extract
(2 times)
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
(1 time)
DSS (1 time)
2008 In vitro and in vivo antileishmanial activities of a Brazilian green propolis extract.
47  2,2-bis(4-methacryloxy polyethoxypheny)propane
(1 time)
Dentistry
(1 time)
EDM (1 time)
GAM (1 time)
GMR (1 time)
2005 Development of self-etching primer adhesive in all-in-one bonding system.
48  4,4'-bipyridine
(1 time)
Molecular Biology
(1 time)
DFT (1 time)
FT-Raman (1 time)
FTIR (1 time)
2006 Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy and density functional theory study on 4,4'-bipyridine molecule.
49  4-biphenylethanol
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
BPM (1 time)
CNHBP (1 time)
2005 Photocatalytic one-electron oxidation of biphenyl derivatives strongly coupled with the TiO2 surface.
50  B. prionitis leaves
(1 time)
Pharmacognosy
(1 time)
CRS (1 time)
PL (1 time)
2014 Gastroprotective effect of the iridoid fraction from Barleria prionitis leaves on experimentally-induced gastric ulceration.
51  B. pumilus esterase
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
LIPA (1 time)
2005 Molecular cloning of enantioselective ester hydrolase from Bacillus pumilus DBRL-191.
52  Background:This studyinvestigated howtheinclusionofBoesenbergiapandurataextract
(1 time)
--- 2021 Boesenbergia pandurata application in Goldfish ( Cyprinus carpio) Feed to Enhancing Fish Growth, Immunity System, and Resistance to Bacterial Infection.
53  Backward Productivity Elimination
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BAU (1 time)
BTH (1 time)
CES (1 time)
2018 Prediction of reduction potential of pollutant emissions under the coal cap policy in BTH region, China.
54  band pass excitation
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
EEMF (1 time)
WLEF (1 time)
2011 White light excitation fluorescence (WLEF).APart I. Exploring the use in analytical fluorimetry.
55  bargaining-position-estimation
(1 time)
Cybernetics
(1 time)
RBC (1 time)
2012 Complex and Concurrent Negotiations for Multiple Interrelated e-Markets.
56  base peak electrophorogram
(1 time)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(1 time)
CE-MS (1 time)
EIE (1 time)
2006 Study of biodegradation products from azo dyes in fungal degradation by capillary electrophoresis/electrospray mass spectrometry.
57  battery-powered endoscope
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
EGD (1 time)
EV (1 time)
2003 Prospective evaluation of a 3.1-mm battery-powered esophagoscope in screening for esophageal varices in cirrhotic patients.
58  battery-powered esophagoscope
(1 time)
Gastroenterology
(1 time)
SVE (1 time)
2003 A prospective, blinded study of diagnostic esophagoscopy with a superthin, stand-alone, battery-powered esophagoscope.
59  Bayesian phase estimation
(1 time)
Biophysics
(1 time)
BPDE (1 time)
full-CI (1 time)
IQPE (1 time)
2021 Bayesian phase difference estimation: a general quantum algorithm for the direct calculation of energy gaps.
60  beam-pointing error
(1 time)
Biosensing Techniques
(1 time)
ABP (1 time)
GEO (1 time)
INR (1 time)
2021 A Rapid Beam Pointing Determination and Beam-Pointing Error Analysis Method for a Geostationary Orbiting Microwave Radiometer Antenna in Consideration of Antenna Thermal Distortions.
61  beetroot pomace extract
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
EAC (1 time)
ESR (1 time)
Px (1 time)
2013 Antiradical, antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities of commercial beetroot pomace.
62  before pollution event
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
APE (1 time)
EC (1 time)
NAQPMS (1 time)
2017 PM2.5 in the Yangtze River Delta, China: Chemical compositions, seasonal variations, and regional pollution events.
63  beliefs in pure evil
(1 time)
Psychology
(1 time)
--- 2013 Angels and demons are among us: assessing individual differences in belief in pure evil and belief in pure good.
64  Bellis perennis extract
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
DMEM (1 time)
PLE (1 time)
ROS (1 time)
2021 Bellis perennis extract mitigates UVA-induced keratinocyte damage: Photoprotective and immunomodulatory effects.
65  bench press exercise
(1 time)
Sports Medicine
(1 time)
--- 2014 Bench press exercise: the key points.
66  benign prostatic hyperplasia develop a clinically enlarged prostate
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
BPH (1 time)
symptom score (1 time)
2002 [Diseases of the prostate in elderly patients. Benign prostate hyperplasia and prostate carcinoma].
67  benzo(a)pyrene
(1 time)
Neoplasms
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
1981 Formation of covalent deoxyribonucleic acid benzo[a]pyrene 4,5-epoxide adduct in mouse and rat skin.
68  benzo(a)pyrene-4,5-dihydroepoxide
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BPDE (1 time)
p53 cDNA (1 time)
PAH (1 time)
2010 Evaluation of the noncovalent binding interactions between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon metabolites and human p53 cDNA.
69  benzyl phenyl
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
--- 2020 Acid-catalysed alpha-O-4 aryl-ether bond cleavage in methanol/(aqueous) ethanol: understanding depolymerisation of a lignin model compound during organosolv pretreatment.
70  benzylpenicillenate
(1 time)
Allergy and Immunology
(1 time)
BGG (1 time)
BPO (1 time)
HSA (1 time)
1975 Investigation of the response to some haptenic determinants in penicillin allergy by skin and in vitro allergy tests.
71  best prior estimate
(1 time)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
AEM (1 time)
CT (1 time)
2006 Data-guided brain deformation modeling: evaluation of a 3-D adjoint inversion method in porcine studies.
72  beta-Phorbol esters
(1 time)
Physiology
(1 time)
DAG (1 time)
DeltaSpH (1 time)
LMFBs (1 time)
2009 beta-Phorbol ester-induced enhancement of exocytosis in large mossy fiber boutons of mouse hippocampus.
73  beta-phycoerythrin
(1 time)
Geriatrics
(1 time)
--- 1999 Ability of human plasma to protect against ionising radiation is inversely correlated with age.
74  Betula pendula
(1 time)
Pharmacology
(1 time)
CFSE (1 time)
RA (1 time)
2011 An aqueous birch leaf extract of Betula pendula inhibits the growth and cell division of inflammatory lymphocytes.
75  Bidens pilosa var. radiata extract
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Efficacy of a Simple Formulation Composed of Nematode-Trapping Fungi and Bidens pilosa var. radiata Scherff Aqueous Extracts (BPE) for Controlling the Southern Root-Knot Nematode.
76  Bidens pilosa var. radiata Scherff Aqueous Extracts
(1 time)
Microbiology
(1 time)
--- 2018 Efficacy of a Simple Formulation Composed of Nematode-Trapping Fungi and Bidens pilosa var. radiata Scherff Aqueous Extracts (BPE) for Controlling the Southern Root-Knot Nematode.
77  bilateral pleural effusion
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
PE (1 time)
2019 Clinical relevance of bilateral pleural effusion in patients with acute pulmonary embolism.
78  bilateral pleural exudate
(1 time)
General Surgery
(1 time)
--- 2013 [Bilateral pleural exudate].
79  Bile pulmonary embolism
(1 time)
Forensic Medicine
(1 time)
NTPE (1 time)
2021 Bile pulmonary embolism-related sudden death following an abdominal firearm injury: An autopsy case report and review of literature.
80  bimanual pelvic examination
(1 time)
Internal Medicine
(1 time)
aPR (1 time)
Pap (1 time)
2020 Prevalence of Potentially Unnecessary Bimanual Pelvic Examinations and Papanicolaou Tests Among Adolescent Girls and Young Women Aged 15-20 Years in the United States.
81  bimodal polyethylene
(1 time)
Polymers
(1 time)
MSL (1 time)
SCB (1 time)
SCBD (1 time)
2019 Dominant Effects of Short-Chain Branching on the Initial Stage of Nucleation and Formation of Tie Chains for Bimodal Polyethylene as Revealed by Molecular Dynamics Simulation.
82  binary phase element
(1 time)
Ophthalmology
(1 time)
HG (1 time)
2004 Effect of phase imperfections on high-order mode selection with intracavity phase elements.
83  bio-compatible patient-specific elastic
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2019 Bio-compatible patient-specific elastic bolus for clinical implementation.
84  bioactive phenolic extracts
(1 time)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
AGPs (1 time)
GAE (1 time)
2017 Alternative Growth Promoters Modulate Broiler Gut Microbiome and Enhance Body Weight Gain.
85  bioinspired photosensitivity enhancer
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
--- 2016 Artificial eye for scotopic vision with bioinspired all-optical photosensitivity enhancer.
86  biomass processing enterprise
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
SI (1 time)
2019 A methodology of evaluating sustainability index of a biomass processing enterprise: a case study of native cow dung-urine biorefinery.
87  Biophoton emission
(1 time)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
--- 2006 Quantum events of biophoton emission associated with complementary and alternative medicine therapies: a descriptive pilot study.
88  biphenyl ethers
(1 time)
Chemistry
(1 time)
TTR (1 time)
2007 Design of mechanism-based inhibitors of transthyretin amyloidosis: studies with biphenyl ethers and new structural templates.
89  bipolar disorder
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
BD (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
HCs (1 time)
2014 Left temporal activation associated with depression severity during a verbal fluency task in patients with bipolar disorder: a multichannel near-infrared spectroscopy study.
90  bipolar electrocautery
(1 time)
Family Planning Services
(1 time)
EC (1 time)
HSG (1 time)
UPE (1 time)
1988 Female sterilization using tubal coagulation.
91  bipolar euthymic
(1 time)
Psychiatry
(1 time)
BP (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
BPM (1 time)
2011 Neural activation during facial emotion processing in unmedicated bipolar depression, euthymia, and mania.
92  bipyridine ethylene
(1 time)
--- 2021 Advanced Large-Scale Nanofabrication Route for Ultrasensitive SERS Platforms Based on Precisely Shaped Gold Nanostructures.
93  bis(2-bromopropionyl)ethane
(1 time)
Polymers
(1 time)
MA (1 time)
SET-LRP (1 time)
tren (1 time)
2020 Me6-TREN/TREN Mixed-Ligand Effect During SET-LRP in the Catalytically Active DMSO Revitalizes TREN into an Excellent Ligand.
94  bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethane
(1 time)
Environmental Health
(1 time)
BPS (2 times)
BPA (1 time)
BPB (1 time)
2006 Biodegradation of a variety of bisphenols under aerobic and anaerobic conditions.
95  bis(pentafluoro ethyl) ether
(1 time)
Natural Science Disciplines
(1 time)
B2E (1 time)
HC (1 time)
TMP (1 time)
2020 Theoretically predicting the feasibility of highly-fluorinated ethers as promising diluents for non-flammable concentrated electrolytes.
96  bis-(4-mercaptophenyl)-ether
(1 time)
Science
(1 time)
BDMT (1 time)
BPD (1 time)
2005 Measurement of the conductance of single conjugated molecules.
97  bit plane encoder
(1 time)
Medicine
(1 time)
DSC (1 time)
DSC-CCSDS (1 time)
IDC (1 time)
2014 Multispectral image compression based on DSC combined with CCSDS-IDC.
98  black pepper
(1 time)
--- 2021 A Study of the Antimicrobial Activity of Combined Black Pepper and Cinnamon Essential Oils against Escherichia fergusonii in Traditional African Yoghurt.
99  black pepper extract
(1 time)
ADFI (1 time)
ADG (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2020 The Effect of Black Pepper (Piperine) Extract Supplementation on Growth Performance, Nutrient Digestibility, Fecal Microbial, Fecal Gas Emission, and Meat Quality of Finishing Pigs.
100  black pepper fruit hot water extract
(1 time)
Biology
(1 time)
--- 2008 Antispasmodic effect of Piper nigrum fruit hot water extract on rat ileum.