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Abbreviation: BR
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Long forms: 625

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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
brassinosteroid
(391 times)
Botany
(188 times)
BRI1 (34 times)
ABA (29 times)
BL (23 times)
1984 The influence of brassinosteroid on growth and parameters of photosynthesis of wheat and mustard plants.
blink reflex
(157 times)
Neurology
(99 times)
MS (9 times)
BAEP (8 times)
ENoG (7 times)
1979 Brain stem auditory evoked potentials and blink reflexes in quiescent multiple sclerosis.
bed rest
(148 times)
Physiology
(79 times)
HDT (13 times)
CSA (9 times)
CON (8 times)
1977 Insulin and glucose responses during bed rest with isotonic and isometric exercise.
bilirubin
(145 times)
Biochemistry
(47 times)
BV (29 times)
CO (16 times)
HO-1 (15 times)
1975 Hepatic organic anion uptake in the rat.
Britton-Robinson
(95 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(34 times)
CV (13 times)
RRS (13 times)
DPV (10 times)
1998 Detection of TMV with ODA-H(2)O(2)-HRP voltammetric enzyme-linked immunoassay system.
breast reconstruction
(78 times)
Neoplasms
(38 times)
DIEP (7 times)
PMRT (6 times)
QOL (6 times)
1989 [Long-term results following breast reconstruction].
brachioradialis
(75 times)
Physiology
(34 times)
BB (30 times)
EMG (16 times)
MVC (13 times)
1979 [Organization of reflex responses elicited in man by muscle stretch applied to uni- and bi-functional muscles].
Balbiani ring
(71 times)
Cell Biology
(31 times)
NPC (7 times)
RNP (7 times)
hnRNP (4 times)
1975 Puffing patterns during the fourth larval instar in Chironomus pallidivittatus salivary glands.
biochemical response
(63 times)
Neoplasms
(12 times)
VR (21 times)
IFN (14 times)
CHB (11 times)
2000 [Coinfection with hepatitis G virus in chronic hepatitis C. Response to treatment with interferon alpha].
10  bronchial responsiveness
(58 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(28 times)
BHR (9 times)
FVC (4 times)
IgE (4 times)
1982 Release of histamine from leucocytes and its determinants in vitro in relation to bronchial responsiveness to inhaled histamine and exercise in vivo.
11  brown rice
(52 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(20 times)
WR (22 times)
GBR (14 times)
PGBR (8 times)
1999 Efficiency of utilisation of energy from maize- and broken rice-based diets in old White Leghorn and Rhode Island Red laying hens.
12  breathing rate
(50 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(15 times)
HR (22 times)
ECG (6 times)
RT (4 times)
1984 Developmental changes in ventilation and breathing pattern in unanesthetized kittens.
13  buckling ratio
(50 times)
Metabolism
(30 times)
CSA (41 times)
CT (25 times)
BMD (24 times)
2005 Association analysis of estrogen receptor alpha gene polymorphisms with cross-sectional geometry of the femoral neck in Caucasian nuclear families.
14  biochemical recurrence
(49 times)
Urology
(23 times)
RP (19 times)
PCa (11 times)
PC (8 times)
2006 Impact of surgical margin status on long-term cancer control after radical prostatectomy.
15  bendamustine and rituximab
(48 times)
Hematology
(18 times)
CLL (15 times)
PFS (13 times)
FCR (9 times)
2005 Bendamustine plus rituximab is effective and has a favorable toxicity profile in the treatment of mantle cell and low-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
16  beetroot juice
(39 times)
Physiology
(20 times)
PL (19 times)
TT (8 times)
PLA (6 times)
2009 Dietary nitrate supplementation reduces the O2 cost of low-intensity exercise and enhances tolerance to high-intensity exercise in humans.
17  bone resorption
(35 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
GI (4 times)
BF (3 times)
UR (3 times)
1979 Decreased exercise hyperpnea in patients with bilateral carotid chemoreceptor resection.
18  binocular rivalry
(32 times)
Ophthalmology
(9 times)
BD (3 times)
CFS (3 times)
ADHD (2 times)
1996 Scalp distribution of the attenuated EEG rhythmic activities for dissimilar and/or moving images in binocular vision.
19  borderline resectable
(28 times)
Neoplasms
(14 times)
PDAC (9 times)
LA (8 times)
OS (7 times)
2013 Aggressive surgery for borderline resectable pancreatic cancer: evaluation of National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines.
20  basic region
(24 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
AMIC (3 times)
HLH (3 times)
LZ (3 times)
1993 Activation of gene transcription by the amino terminus of the N-Myc protein does not require association with the protein encoded by the retinoblastoma suppressor gene RB1.
21  Benzamide riboside
(23 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
IMPDH (9 times)
BAD (4 times)
TR (4 times)
1996 Biochemical consequences of resistance to a recently discovered IMP dehydrogenase inhibitor, benzamide riboside, in human myelogenous leukemia K562 cells.
22  basal respiration
(22 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
SIR (7 times)
MBC (5 times)
DHA (4 times)
2004 Monitoring microbial biomass and respiration in different soils from the Czech Republic--a summary of results.
23  blink rate
(20 times)
Neurology
(7 times)
PD (7 times)
H-Y (3 times)
HR (3 times)
1993 Blinking, alpha brain waves and smoking in schizophrenia.
24  bronchiectasis
(18 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(9 times)
RA (12 times)
RF (3 times)
HRCT (2 times)
1991 Ultrafast computerized tomography of the chest in cystic fibrosis: a new scoring system.
25  binding ratio
(17 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
DAT (4 times)
EEGs (2 times)
FT (2 times)
1983 Detection and persistence of specific IgA antibodies in serum of patients with hepatitis A by capture radioimmunoassay.
26  baroreflex
(16 times)
Physiology
(7 times)
BP (6 times)
HR (4 times)
PR (3 times)
1994 Evaluation of spontaneous baroreflex modulation of sinus node during isometric exercise in healthy humans.
27  brainstem raphe
(15 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
TCS (14 times)
PD (7 times)
SN (3 times)
2006 Overactive bladder in Parkinson's disease: alteration of brainstem raphe detected by transcranial sonography.
28  brassinolide
(15 times)
Botany
(5 times)
ABA (5 times)
IAA (3 times)
JA (2 times)
1992 Effect of brassinolide on gene expression in elongating soybean epicotyls.
29  bronchial reactivity
(14 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(8 times)
BAL (2 times)
AR (1 time)
BA (1 time)
1990 Persistence of increased nonspecific bronchial reactivity in allergic children and adolescents.
30  Brahma Rasayana
(13 times)
Biology
(4 times)
AR (3 times)
CAT (3 times)
SOD (3 times)
1994 Chemoprotective action of Rasayanas against cyclosphamide toxicity.
31  base rate
(12 times)
Psychology
(9 times)
MCMI-II (3 times)
MCMI-III (3 times)
MCMI (2 times)
1990 Validity of the MCMI Drug Abuse Scale with drug abusing and psychiatric samples.
32  baroreceptor
(11 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
HR (4 times)
MAP (4 times)
ADN (3 times)
1983 Rapid resetting of aortic baroreceptors in vitro.
33  before Ramadan
(11 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
AR (6 times)
6MWD (2 times)
6MWT (2 times)
2007 Effect of Ramadan on the diurnal variation in short-term high power output.
34  bound residues
(11 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
ER (3 times)
ALS (1 time)
BKM (1 time)
2002 Characterization of the atrazine's bound (nonextractable) residues using fractionation techniques for soil organic matter.
35  benefit-risk
(10 times)
Medicine
(3 times)
IK (2 times)
YFNs (2 times)
AR (1 time)
2009 Measuring benefit and balancing risk: strategies for the benefit-risk assessment of new medicines in a risk-averse environment.
36  Briggs-Rauscher
(10 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
IMA (3 times)
MA (3 times)
BL (1 time)
1983 Experimental study of synchronization phenomena under periodic light irradiation of a nonlinear chemical system.
37  beetroot
(9 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
PL (5 times)
NO (3 times)
PAD (2 times)
2011 Dietary nitrate supplementation enhances exercise performance in peripheral arterial disease.
38  bilirubin-IX alpha
(9 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BV (3 times)
CO (3 times)
AD (1 time)
1989 Hypocrellin-A sensitized photooxidation of bilirubin.
39  birth rate
(9 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
FR (2 times)
IR (2 times)
PR (2 times)
1996 Generalized-cost-measure-based address-predictive vector quantization.
40  brachialis
(9 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
BB (4 times)
ST (3 times)
FSR (2 times)
1985 Skeletal muscle protein turnover in young male pigs.
41  backward running
(8 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
FR (7 times)
BRG (1 time)
BW (1 time)
1989 Kinematics, ground reaction force, and muscle balance produced by backward running.
42  birefringent retardation
(8 times)
Cell Biology
(7 times)
T-C (1 time)
1975 A new miniature hydrostatic pressure chamber for microscopy. Strain-free optical glass windows facilitate phase-contrast and polarized-light microscopy of living cells. Optional fixture permits simultaneous control of pressure and temperature.
43  breath rate
(8 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(1 time)
HR (3 times)
APACHE (1 time)
BT (1 time)
1988 Effects of magnesium depletion on myocardial high-energy phosphates and contractility.
44  broiler
(8 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(5 times)
TNC (2 times)
WL (2 times)
AC (1 time)
1991 Scanning electron microscopic observations on the intestinal villi in growing White Leghorn and broiler chickens from 1 to 30 days of age.
45  background regimen
(7 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(2 times)
MDR-TB (4 times)
DALYs (2 times)
QALYs (2 times)
2010 Efficacy, safety, and tolerability of etravirine with and without darunavir/ritonavir or raltegravir in treatment-experienced patients: analysis of the etravirine early access program in the United States.
46  baroreceptor reflex
(7 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
BP (3 times)
HR (3 times)
ANS (1 time)
1987 Antihypertensive drugs and baroreceptor reflex control of heart rate and blood pressure.
47  beta-resorcylic acid
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
CR (3 times)
TC (3 times)
PDAs (2 times)
2011 Inactivation of Salmonella spp. on tomatoes by plant molecules.
48  binary restenosis
(7 times)
Cardiology
(6 times)
TLR (5 times)
LLL (3 times)
MACE (3 times)
2004 Angioplasty and stents in coronary artery disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
49  biogas residue
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
BC (1 time)
BS (1 time)
CBR (1 time)
2011 Discriminating multiple impacts of biogas residues amendment in selectively decontaminating chloroacetanilide herbicides.
50  brain reserve
(7 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
CR (5 times)
AD (3 times)
ICV (2 times)
2013 Brain reserve and cognitive reserve in multiple sclerosis: what you've got and how you use it.
51  breathing reserve
(7 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AT (2 times)
CPET (2 times)
VE (2 times)
1995 Dyspnea and exercise testing in workers exposed to silica.
52  bacterial respiration
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
BP (4 times)
BGE (3 times)
DOC (2 times)
2010 Estimation of long-term bacterial respiration and growth efficiency in Lake Kinneret.
53  basal rotation
(6 times)
Brain
(2 times)
AVP (2 times)
i.c.v (2 times)
LV (2 times)
1988 Motor disturbances and neurotoxicity induced by centrally administered somatostatin and vasopressin in conscious rats: interactive effects of two neuropeptides.
54  benzodiazepine receptor
(6 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
DRP (1 time)
EP (1 time)
HE (1 time)
1983 [Effect of a specific benzodiazepine antagonist RO 15-1788 on phenazepam-induced inhibition of the evoked potentials in hippocampal neurons].
55  beta ratio
(6 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
adj-FC (1 time)
AR (1 time)
DV (1 time)
2000 Acoustical design of the Tokyo Opera City (TOC) concert hall, Japan
56  Block Relevance
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(4 times)
IMHB (2 times)
DeltalogP (1 time)
HBD (1 time)
2014 The Block Relevance (BR) analysis supports the dominating effect of solutes hydrogen bond acidity on DeltalogP(oct-tol).
57  branching ratio
(6 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
PE (2 times)
RPPICS (2 times)
DFT (1 time)
2003 Electronic structure of ReO3Me by variable photon energy photoelectron spectroscopy, absorption spectroscopy and density functional calculations.
58  Brazil
(6 times)
Proteomics
(1 time)
CO (2 times)
IT (2 times)
ANC (1 time)
2005 The impact of a monophasic continuous estro-progestogenic treatment on Latin American menopausal women.
59  breathing retraining
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
ACQ (1 time)
CBT (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
1984 Failure of resistive breathing training to improve pulmonary function tests in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
60  Brighton Red
(6 times)
Virology
(5 times)
CPXV (3 times)
BAC (2 times)
CAM (2 times)
1989 Inhibition of an inflammatory response is mediated by a 38-kDa protein of cowpox virus.
61  bromide
(6 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(3 times)
AEDs (2 times)
GTCS (2 times)
PB (2 times)
1992 Bromide treatment of pharmaco-resistant epilepsies with generalized tonic-clonic seizures: a clinical study.
62  ball release
(5 times)
Sports Medicine
(4 times)
MIR (2 times)
CMJs (1 time)
FC (1 time)
2007 Adolescent baseball pitching technique: a detailed three-dimensional biomechanical analysis.
63  Bas-Rhin
(5 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
HG (5 times)
UCL (4 times)
BMI (1 time)
1988 [Cardiovascular risk factors in the population of 2 regions covered by the MONICA-France regions: Strasbourg and Toulouse].
64  bedroom
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
LR (5 times)
MA (2 times)
COPD (1 time)
1997 House dust mite and cat allergen levels in domestic dwellings in Christchurch.
65  bidirectional regulation
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
MLCK (2 times)
CJSM (1 time)
G-Re (1 time)
2012 Characteristics of emodin on modulating the contractility of jejunal smooth muscle.
66  bioreactor
(5 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
CHO (1 time)
Ck (1 time)
HCD (1 time)
2010 Spatial regulation of human mesenchymal stem cell differentiation in engineered osteochondral constructs: effects of pre-differentiation, soluble factors and medium perfusion.
67  blocking reaction
(5 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
FIX (5 times)
EC (4 times)
MA (3 times)
1992 Effect of carbamazepine treatment on EEG changes induced by different cortical activation patterns in newly referred epileptic patients.
68  brachytherapy
(5 times)
Radiology
(2 times)
EBRT (2 times)
CR (1 time)
EPIC (1 time)
1994 The study of tumoral, radiobiological, and general health factors that influence results and complications in a series of 448 oral tongue carcinomas treated exclusively by irradiation.
69  Brazilian
(5 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
ALP (1 time)
Bo (1 time)
GD (1 time)
1988 Elevation in plasma glucagon levels in response to stress in squirrel monkeys: comparisons of two subspecies (Saimiri sciureus boliviensis and Saimiri sciureus sciureus).
70  Breathe Right
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
FVC (1 time)
HR (1 time)
PSG (1 time)
1998 Effects of Breathe Right on snoring: a polysomnographic study.
71  bromelain
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ATPSs (1 time)
NAC (1 time)
PAP (1 time)
1979 [Anti-inflammatory actions of proteases, bromelain, trypsin and their mixed preparation (author's transl)].
72  background retinopathy
(4 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
PR (2 times)
APR (1 time)
CDGE (1 time)
1984 Platelet coagulant activities in diabetes mellitus. Evidence for relationship between platelet coagulant hyperactivity and platelet volume.
73  Bankart repair
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
BRR (1 time)
HSD (1 time)
HSL (1 time)
2013 Combined arthroscopic Bankart repair and remplissage for recurrent shoulder instability.
74  Barred Plymouth Rock
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
WL (2 times)
AC (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2000 A modified method of shell windowing for producing somatic or germline chimeras in fertilized chicken eggs.
75  basal resistance
(4 times)
Breeding
(1 time)
HR (2 times)
C4H (1 time)
GWAS (1 time)
2006 Characterisation of basal resistance (BR) by expression patterns of newly isolated representative genes in tobacco.
76  Bayesian Regularization
(4 times)
Pharmaceutical Preparations
(1 time)
LM (2 times)
ANN (1 time)
CDR (1 time)
2009 Interval based fuzzy systems for identification of important genes from microarray gene expression data: Application to carcinogenic development.
77  behavioral response
(4 times)
Psychology
(1 time)
AD (1 time)
AP (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
1983 Cortical kindled seizures: modification by excitant and depressant drugs.
78  berberine
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(1 time)
EPC (1 time)
EPC-CFUs (1 time)
EPCs (1 time)
1995 [Effects of berberine on single Ca2+ channel current in cultured embryonic chick ventricular myocytes].
79  best response
(4 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CR (2 times)
PR (2 times)
SD (2 times)
2015 Genetic profiling of advanced radioactive iodine-resistant differentiated thyroid cancer and correlation with axitinib efficacy.
80  bifunctional radiopharmaceuticals
(4 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(4 times)
DTS (5 times)
KTS (1 time)
1986 Search for 99mTc labeled DTS bifunctional radiopharmaceutical: role of functional groups in myocardial accumulation.
81  bifunctional rhodamine
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
CaM (2 times)
polTIRFM (2 times)
Cys (1 time)
2004 Bifunctional rhodamine probes of Myosin regulatory light chain orientation in relaxed skeletal muscle fibers.
82  biochemical remission
(4 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
AIH (1 time)
AML (1 time)
CR (1 time)
2005 Quantitation of minimal residual disease in acute myeloid leukemia by tryptase monitoring identifies a group of patients with a high risk of relapse.
83  birefringence
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
GTP (1 time)
MTs (1 time)
1974 Growth and lability of Chaetopterus oocyte mitotic spindles isolated in the presence of porcine brain tubulin.
84  Bloom-Richardson
(4 times)
Cell Biology
(1 time)
ODX (2 times)
BCa (1 time)
DL (1 time)
1993 Correlation of histologic grade of breast carcinoma with cytologic features on fine-needle aspiration of the breast.
85  blue rayon
(4 times)
Genetics
(2 times)
PAHs (2 times)
2001 Identification of co-mutagenic chlorinated harmans in final effluent from a sewage treatment plant.
86  blue reflectance
(4 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
cSLO (4 times)
AMD (3 times)
FAF (3 times)
2011 Reticular drusen associated with geographic atrophy in age-related macular degeneration.
87  bone remodeling
(4 times)
Hematology
(1 time)
CD (1 time)
Er (1 time)
FS (1 time)
1998 Dissociation between bone resorption and bone formation in osteopenic transgenic mice.
88  Boschniakia rossica
(4 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
alpha-SMA (1 time)
ALT (1 time)
CIV (1 time)
1998 [Inhibitory effect of methanol extract of Boschniakia rossica Fedtsch. et Flerov on rat hepatic preneoplastic lesions induced by diethylnitrosamine].
89  bradycardic
(4 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AP (2 times)
BRS (2 times)
TR (2 times)
1997 [Hypokinetic arrhythmia, paradoxical chronotropic reaction and hypotension during dobutamine stress test].
90  Brangus
(4 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
ADG (2 times)
AF (2 times)
AN (1 time)
1980 Factors influencing gestation length, birth weight and calf survival of Angus, Zebu and Zebu cross beef cattle.
91  breast
(4 times)
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
(1 time)
AAIR (1 time)
ASIR (1 time)
CC (1 time)
1987 Breast reconstruction without implant: experience of 52 cases.
92  breast reduction
(4 times)
General Surgery
(4 times)
MP (1 time)
POD (1 time)
SBR (1 time)
2013 Radiologically innocuous breast reduction specimens. Should we send them to pathology lab anyway?
93  Brownian ratchet
(4 times)
Biomechanical Phenomena
(2 times)
CBR (1 time)
MSD (1 time)
PS (1 time)
2004 A stochastic analysis of a Brownian ratchet model for actin-based motility.
94  burst rate
(4 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
MEAs (2 times)
bis-1 (1 time)
CMOS (1 time)
1992 Muscle nerve sympathetic activity during sleep and its change with arousal response.
95  butadiene rubber
(4 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
SBR (3 times)
GPC-FT-IR (1 time)
IR (1 time)
2006 Fast and robust method for the determination of microstructure and composition in butadiene, styrene-butadiene, and isoprene rubber by near-infrared spectroscopy.
96  pre-bed rest
(4 times)
Aerospace Medicine
(2 times)
PV (3 times)
RBR (3 times)
RBRS (3 times)
1988 Circulating lactate and FFA during exercise: effect of reduction in plasma volume following exposure to simulated microgravity.
97  7-benzyloxyresorufin
(3 times)
Toxicology
(1 time)
BROD (2 times)
MC (2 times)
MFO (2 times)
1989 The hepatic microsomal mixed-function oxygenase (MFO) system of Alligator mississippiensis: induction by 3-methylcholanthrene (MC).
98  bacterioruberin
(3 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
CrtD (1 time)
2012 Characteristics of halorhodopsin-bacterioruberin complex from Natronomonas pharaonis membrane in the solubilized system.
99  balance-recovery
(3 times)
Brain
(1 time)
CNS (1 time)
COM (1 time)
COP (1 time)
2008 Automated postural responses are modified in a functional manner by instruction.
100  barley Rihane
(3 times)
Food
(1 time)
AOM (2 times)
DF (2 times)
ACF (1 time)
2012 Effect of dietary fibre of barley variety 'Rihane' on azoxymethane-induced aberrant crypt foci development and on colonic microbiota diversity in rats.