A Search Service for Abbreviation / Long Form

■ Search Result - Abbreviation : BR

Search Conditions:
Search Keyword : BR
Search Method : Exact match.
Research Area:

Results:  
Hit abbr.: 4 kinds.
(Click one to see its hit entries.)

(Appearance freq, Descending)
Abbreviation: BR
Appearance Frequency: 3590 time(s)
Long forms: 706

Display Settings:
[Display Entries]
Long Form, 100 entries
    (Appearance freq, Descending)
Long Form, all entries
[Entries Per Page]
 per page
Page Control
Page: of
Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
brassinosteroid
(523 times)
Botany
(241 times)
ABA (47 times)
BRI1 (43 times)
JA (30 times)
1984 The influence of brassinosteroid on growth and parameters of photosynthesis of wheat and mustard plants.
bilirubin
(168 times)
Biochemistry
(49 times)
BV (33 times)
CO (20 times)
HO-1 (17 times)
1975 Hepatic organic anion uptake in the rat.
blink reflex
(167 times)
Neurology
(106 times)
MS (9 times)
BAEP (8 times)
ENoG (7 times)
1979 Brain stem auditory evoked potentials and blink reflexes in quiescent multiple sclerosis.
bed rest
(153 times)
Physiology
(80 times)
HDT (13 times)
CSA (9 times)
CON (8 times)
1977 Insulin and glucose responses during bed rest with isotonic and isometric exercise.
breast reconstruction
(105 times)
Neoplasms
(52 times)
DIEP (8 times)
QOL (7 times)
BC (6 times)
1989 [Long-term results following breast reconstruction].
Britton-Robinson
(105 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(38 times)
CV (14 times)
RRS (13 times)
DPV (10 times)
1998 Detection of TMV with ODA-H(2)O(2)-HRP voltammetric enzyme-linked immunoassay system.
brachioradialis
(89 times)
Physiology
(36 times)
BB (30 times)
EMG (17 times)
MVC (15 times)
0 Tooth Clenching Until Exhaustion Evokes Exercise-Induced Hypoalgesia in Healthy Persons and in Patients with Temporomandibular Disorders.
bendamustine and rituximab
(86 times)
Neoplasms
(35 times)
CLL (33 times)
PFS (27 times)
OS (13 times)
2005 Bendamustine plus rituximab is effective and has a favorable toxicity profile in the treatment of mantle cell and low-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.
biochemical response
(75 times)
Neoplasms
(15 times)
VR (22 times)
IFN (14 times)
CHB (13 times)
2000 [Coinfection with hepatitis G virus in chronic hepatitis C. Response to treatment with interferon alpha].
10  Balbiani ring
(71 times)
Cell Biology
(31 times)
NPC (7 times)
RNP (7 times)
hnRNP (4 times)
1975 Puffing patterns during the fourth larval instar in Chironomus pallidivittatus salivary glands.
11  breathing rate
(65 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(19 times)
HR (28 times)
ECG (7 times)
SBP (5 times)
1984 Developmental changes in ventilation and breathing pattern in unanesthetized kittens.
12  biochemical recurrence
(60 times)
Urology
(27 times)
RP (24 times)
PCa (15 times)
PSA (13 times)
2006 Impact of surgical margin status on long-term cancer control after radical prostatectomy.
13  brown rice
(60 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(21 times)
WR (22 times)
GBR (15 times)
PGBR (8 times)
1999 Efficiency of utilisation of energy from maize- and broken rice-based diets in old White Leghorn and Rhode Island Red laying hens.
14  bronchial responsiveness
(59 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(29 times)
BHR (9 times)
FVC (4 times)
IgE (4 times)
1982 Release of histamine from leucocytes and its determinants in vitro in relation to bronchial responsiveness to inhaled histamine and exercise in vivo.
15  buckling ratio
(57 times)
Metabolism
(31 times)
CSA (43 times)
BMD (27 times)
CT (27 times)
2005 Association analysis of estrogen receptor alpha gene polymorphisms with cross-sectional geometry of the femoral neck in Caucasian nuclear families.
16  beetroot juice
(51 times)
Physiology
(22 times)
PL (23 times)
TT (10 times)
PLA (7 times)
2009 Dietary nitrate supplementation reduces the O2 cost of low-intensity exercise and enhances tolerance to high-intensity exercise in humans.
17  borderline resectable
(49 times)
Neoplasms
(18 times)
LA (20 times)
PDAC (20 times)
OS (15 times)
2013 Aggressive surgery for borderline resectable pancreatic cancer: evaluation of National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines.
18  binocular rivalry
(43 times)
Ophthalmology
(14 times)
CFS (7 times)
BD (3 times)
ADHD (2 times)
1996 Scalp distribution of the attenuated EEG rhythmic activities for dissimilar and/or moving images in binocular vision.
19  bone resorption
(37 times)
General Surgery
(11 times)
GI (4 times)
BF (3 times)
UR (3 times)
1979 Decreased exercise hyperpnea in patients with bilateral carotid chemoreceptor resection.
20  blink rate
(28 times)
Neurology
(9 times)
PD (8 times)
H-Y (4 times)
TBUT (4 times)
1993 Blinking, alpha brain waves and smoking in schizophrenia.
21  basal respiration
(26 times)
Environmental Health
(18 times)
MBC (7 times)
SIR (7 times)
SOC (5 times)
2004 Monitoring microbial biomass and respiration in different soils from the Czech Republic--a summary of results.
22  basic region
(25 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
AMIC (3 times)
HLH (3 times)
LZ (3 times)
1993 Activation of gene transcription by the amino terminus of the N-Myc protein does not require association with the protein encoded by the retinoblastoma suppressor gene RB1.
23  brassinolide
(25 times)
Botany
(11 times)
ABA (12 times)
IAA (8 times)
SA (6 times)
1992 Effect of brassinolide on gene expression in elongating soybean epicotyls.
24  Benzamide riboside
(23 times)
Chemistry
(7 times)
IMPDH (9 times)
BAD (4 times)
TR (4 times)
1996 Biochemical consequences of resistance to a recently discovered IMP dehydrogenase inhibitor, benzamide riboside, in human myelogenous leukemia K562 cells.
25  bronchiectasis
(21 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(10 times)
RA (12 times)
RF (3 times)
CF (2 times)
1991 Ultrafast computerized tomography of the chest in cystic fibrosis: a new scoring system.
26  baroreflex
(20 times)
Physiology
(9 times)
BP (6 times)
SAP (5 times)
AP (4 times)
1994 Evaluation of spontaneous baroreflex modulation of sinus node during isometric exercise in healthy humans.
27  brainstem raphe
(20 times)
Neurology
(12 times)
TCS (18 times)
PD (7 times)
SN (6 times)
2006 Overactive bladder in Parkinson's disease: alteration of brainstem raphe detected by transcranial sonography.
28  benefit-risk
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(5 times)
CIS (2 times)
ICH (2 times)
PBRER (2 times)
2009 Measuring benefit and balancing risk: strategies for the benefit-risk assessment of new medicines in a risk-averse environment.
29  binding ratio
(18 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(3 times)
DAT (4 times)
PD (3 times)
EEGs (2 times)
1983 Detection and persistence of specific IgA antibodies in serum of patients with hepatitis A by capture radioimmunoassay.
30  before Ramadan
(17 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
AR (10 times)
FI (4 times)
RPE (4 times)
2007 Effect of Ramadan on the diurnal variation in short-term high power output.
31  bronchial reactivity
(14 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(8 times)
BAL (2 times)
AR (1 time)
BA (1 time)
1990 Persistence of increased nonspecific bronchial reactivity in allergic children and adolescents.
32  base rate
(13 times)
Psychology
(10 times)
MCMI-II (3 times)
MCMI-III (3 times)
MCMI (2 times)
1990 Validity of the MCMI Drug Abuse Scale with drug abusing and psychiatric samples.
33  Brahma Rasayana
(13 times)
Biology
(4 times)
AR (3 times)
CAT (3 times)
SOD (3 times)
1994 Chemoprotective action of Rasayanas against cyclosphamide toxicity.
34  biogas residue
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(7 times)
MR (2 times)
PM (2 times)
BC (1 time)
2011 Discriminating multiple impacts of biogas residues amendment in selectively decontaminating chloroacetanilide herbicides.
35  bound residues
(12 times)
Environmental Health
(11 times)
ER (3 times)
ALS (1 time)
BKM (1 time)
2002 Characterization of the atrazine's bound (nonextractable) residues using fractionation techniques for soil organic matter.
36  brain
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
Li (3 times)
HE (2 times)
KI (2 times)
1982 Effects of diethyldithiocarbamate on organ distribution and excretion of cadmium.
37  breath rate
(12 times)
Ecological and Environmental Phenomena
(1 time)
HR (6 times)
ST (2 times)
APACHE (1 time)
1988 Effects of magnesium depletion on myocardial high-energy phosphates and contractility.
38  ball release
(11 times)
Sports Medicine
(9 times)
FFC (2 times)
MIR (2 times)
WS (2 times)
2007 Adolescent baseball pitching technique: a detailed three-dimensional biomechanical analysis.
39  baroreceptor
(11 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
HR (3 times)
MAP (3 times)
ADN (2 times)
1983 Rapid resetting of aortic baroreceptors in vitro.
40  beetroot
(11 times)
Physiology
(4 times)
PL (7 times)
NO (3 times)
PAD (2 times)
2011 Dietary nitrate supplementation enhances exercise performance in peripheral arterial disease.
41  brain reserve
(11 times)
Neurology
(8 times)
CR (8 times)
AD (5 times)
ICV (2 times)
2013 Brain reserve and cognitive reserve in multiple sclerosis: what you've got and how you use it.
42  broiler
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
HI (2 times)
LH (2 times)
TNC (2 times)
1991 Scanning electron microscopic observations on the intestinal villi in growing White Leghorn and broiler chickens from 1 to 30 days of age.
43  brachialis
(10 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(2 times)
BB (5 times)
HD-sEMG (3 times)
ST (3 times)
1985 Skeletal muscle protein turnover in young male pigs.
44  breathing reserve
(10 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
AT (3 times)
CPET (3 times)
VE (3 times)
1995 Dyspnea and exercise testing in workers exposed to silica.
45  Briggs-Rauscher
(10 times)
Chemistry
(5 times)
IMA (3 times)
MA (3 times)
BL (1 time)
1983 Experimental study of synchronization phenomena under periodic light irradiation of a nonlinear chemical system.
46  background regimen
(9 times)
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
(2 times)
MDR-TB (4 times)
QALYs (3 times)
DALYs (2 times)
2010 Efficacy, safety, and tolerability of etravirine with and without darunavir/ritonavir or raltegravir in treatment-experienced patients: analysis of the etravirine early access program in the United States.
47  basal rotation
(9 times)
Cardiology
(3 times)
LV (3 times)
AR (2 times)
AVP (2 times)
1988 Motor disturbances and neurotoxicity induced by centrally administered somatostatin and vasopressin in conscious rats: interactive effects of two neuropeptides.
48  bilirubin-IX alpha
(9 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
BV (3 times)
CO (3 times)
AD (1 time)
1989 Hypocrellin-A sensitized photooxidation of bilirubin.
49  birth rate
(9 times)
Gynecology
(2 times)
FR (2 times)
IR (2 times)
PR (2 times)
1996 Generalized-cost-measure-based address-predictive vector quantization.
50  Block Relevance
(9 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
IMHB (2 times)
DeltalogP (1 time)
HBD (1 time)
2014 The Block Relevance (BR) analysis supports the dominating effect of solutes hydrogen bond acidity on DeltalogP(oct-tol).
51  Brazil
(9 times)
Physical Education and Training
(1 time)
CO (2 times)
CR (2 times)
IT (2 times)
2005 The impact of a monophasic continuous estro-progestogenic treatment on Latin American menopausal women.
52  backward running
(8 times)
Sports Medicine
(5 times)
FR (7 times)
BRG (1 time)
BW (1 time)
1989 Kinematics, ground reaction force, and muscle balance produced by backward running.
53  binary restenosis
(8 times)
Cardiology
(7 times)
TLR (6 times)
LLL (4 times)
MACE (3 times)
2004 Angioplasty and stents in coronary artery disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
54  birefringent retardation
(8 times)
Cell Biology
(7 times)
T-C (1 time)
1975 A new miniature hydrostatic pressure chamber for microscopy. Strain-free optical glass windows facilitate phase-contrast and polarized-light microscopy of living cells. Optional fixture permits simultaneous control of pressure and temperature.
55  black rice
(8 times)
Food
(2 times)
AD (2 times)
LS (2 times)
RR (2 times)
2008 First Report of Severe Outbreaks of Bacterial Leaf Spot of Leafy Brassica Greens Caused by Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris in South Carolina.
56  blue reflectance
(8 times)
Ophthalmology
(5 times)
cSLO (4 times)
AMD (3 times)
CFP (3 times)
2011 Reticular drusen associated with geographic atrophy in age-related macular degeneration.
57  bacterial respiration
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
BP (4 times)
BGE (3 times)
DOC (3 times)
2010 Estimation of long-term bacterial respiration and growth efficiency in Lake Kinneret.
58  baroreceptor reflex
(7 times)
Therapeutics
(1 time)
BP (3 times)
HR (3 times)
ANS (1 time)
1987 Antihypertensive drugs and baroreceptor reflex control of heart rate and blood pressure.
59  bauxite residue
(7 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
AC (1 time)
AMD (1 time)
BRDAs (1 time)
2016 The role of nano-perovskite in the negligible thorium release in seawater from Greek bauxite residue (red mud).
60  beta-resorcylic acid
(7 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
CR (3 times)
TC (3 times)
PDAs (2 times)
2011 Inactivation of Salmonella spp. on tomatoes by plant molecules.
61  branching ratio
(7 times)
Chemistry
(3 times)
PE (2 times)
RPPICS (2 times)
DFT (1 time)
2003 Electronic structure of ReO3Me by variable photon energy photoelectron spectroscopy, absorption spectroscopy and density functional calculations.
62  Brighton Red
(7 times)
Virology
(6 times)
CPXV (4 times)
BAC (3 times)
CAM (2 times)
1989 Inhibition of an inflammatory response is mediated by a 38-kDa protein of cowpox virus.
63  Bayesian Regularization
(6 times)
Science
(2 times)
LM (4 times)
ANN (3 times)
PSO (2 times)
2009 Interval based fuzzy systems for identification of important genes from microarray gene expression data: Application to carcinogenic development.
64  benzodiazepine receptor
(6 times)
Biology
(2 times)
DRP (1 time)
EP (1 time)
HE (1 time)
1983 [Effect of a specific benzodiazepine antagonist RO 15-1788 on phenazepam-induced inhibition of the evoked potentials in hippocampal neurons].
65  beta ratio
(6 times)
Medical Informatics
(2 times)
adj-FC (1 time)
AR (1 time)
DV (1 time)
2000 Acoustical design of the Tokyo Opera City (TOC) concert hall, Japan
66  biochemical remission
(6 times)
Gastroenterology
(2 times)
AIH (3 times)
AML (1 time)
cBR (1 time)
2005 Quantitation of minimal residual disease in acute myeloid leukemia by tryptase monitoring identifies a group of patients with a high risk of relapse.
67  brachytherapy
(6 times)
Radiology
(3 times)
EBRT (2 times)
CR (1 time)
EPIC (1 time)
1994 The study of tumoral, radiobiological, and general health factors that influence results and complications in a series of 448 oral tongue carcinomas treated exclusively by irradiation.
68  Brazilian
(6 times)
Zoology
(2 times)
ALP (1 time)
AMR (1 time)
Bo (1 time)
1988 Elevation in plasma glucagon levels in response to stress in squirrel monkeys: comparisons of two subspecies (Saimiri sciureus boliviensis and Saimiri sciureus sciureus).
69  breathing retraining
(6 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
ACQ (1 time)
CBT (1 time)
COPD (1 time)
1984 Failure of resistive breathing training to improve pulmonary function tests in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
70  Britton-Robinson buffer
(6 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(2 times)
CV (2 times)
LOD (2 times)
AFM (1 time)
2009 Electrochemistry of the interaction of furazolidone and bovine serum albumin.
71  bromelain
(6 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
ATPSs (1 time)
NAC (1 time)
PAP (1 time)
1979 [Anti-inflammatory actions of proteases, bromelain, trypsin and their mixed preparation (author's transl)].
72  Bupleuri Radix
(6 times)
Toxicology
(2 times)
AMPKalpha (1 time)
BrdU (1 time)
BRE (1 time)
2012 Antioxidant and Protective Effects of Bupleurum falcatum on the L-Thyroxine-Induced Hyperthyroidism in Rats.
73  bacterioruberin
(5 times)
Microbiological Phenomena
(1 time)
CrtD (1 time)
DEX (1 time)
NAC (1 time)
2012 Characteristics of halorhodopsin-bacterioruberin complex from Natronomonas pharaonis membrane in the solubilized system.
74  Barred Plymouth Rock
(5 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
WL (2 times)
AC (1 time)
CC (1 time)
2000 A modified method of shell windowing for producing somatic or germline chimeras in fertilized chicken eggs.
75  Bas-Rhin
(5 times)
Public Health
(4 times)
HG (5 times)
UCL (4 times)
BMI (1 time)
1988 [Cardiovascular risk factors in the population of 2 regions covered by the MONICA-France regions: Strasbourg and Toulouse].
76  bedroom
(5 times)
Allergy and Immunology
(2 times)
LR (5 times)
MA (2 times)
COPD (1 time)
1997 House dust mite and cat allergen levels in domestic dwellings in Christchurch.
77  behavioral response
(5 times)
Brain
(2 times)
AD (1 time)
AP (1 time)
EEG (1 time)
1983 Cortical kindled seizures: modification by excitant and depressant drugs.
78  Berberine
(5 times)
Pharmacology
(2 times)
AMPK (1 time)
CP (1 time)
ECM (1 time)
1995 [Effects of berberine on single Ca2+ channel current in cultured embryonic chick ventricular myocytes].
79  best response
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
PR (3 times)
SD (3 times)
CR (2 times)
2015 Genetic profiling of advanced radioactive iodine-resistant differentiated thyroid cancer and correlation with axitinib efficacy.
80  bidirectional regulation
(5 times)
Complementary Therapies
(2 times)
MLCK (2 times)
CJSM (1 time)
G-Re (1 time)
2012 Characteristics of emodin on modulating the contractility of jejunal smooth muscle.
81  Binary Relevance
(5 times)
Neurology
(2 times)
ABC (1 time)
AGM (1 time)
APG (1 time)
2013 Multilabel learning via random label selection for protein subcellular multilocations prediction.
82  biochar
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
AP (1 time)
BCF (1 time)
BE (1 time)
2019 Effects of biochar and zeolite soil amendments with foliar proline spray on nickel immobilization, nutritional quality and nickel concentrations in wheat.
83  birefringence
(5 times)
Cell Biology
(4 times)
AC (1 time)
DOPU (1 time)
DOPU 170.1m (1 time)
1974 Growth and lability of Chaetopterus oocyte mitotic spindles isolated in the presence of porcine brain tubulin.
84  bladder recurrence
(5 times)
Urology
(4 times)
RNU (3 times)
CSS (2 times)
UTUC (2 times)
2013 Results and outcomes after endoscopic treatment of upper urinary tract carcinoma: the Austrian experience.
85  blocking reaction
(5 times)
Neurology
(4 times)
FIX (5 times)
EC (4 times)
MA (3 times)
1992 Effect of carbamazepine treatment on EEG changes induced by different cortical activation patterns in newly referred epileptic patients.
86  bradycardic
(5 times)
Physiology
(2 times)
BRS (3 times)
TR (3 times)
AP (2 times)
1997 [Hypokinetic arrhythmia, paradoxical chronotropic reaction and hypotension during dobutamine stress test].
87  breaker
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(1 time)
MG (3 times)
WT (2 times)
1-MCP (1 time)
2011 Effect of 1-methylcyclopropene on tomato flavour components, shelf life and decay as influenced by harvest maturity and storage temperature.
88  breast
(5 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
AAIR (1 time)
ASIR (1 time)
AUC (1 time)
1987 Breast reconstruction without implant: experience of 52 cases.
89  Breathe Right
(5 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(3 times)
FVC (1 time)
HR (1 time)
PSG (1 time)
1998 Effects of Breathe Right on snoring: a polysomnographic study.
90  brown rot
(5 times)
Microbiology
(2 times)
BS (1 time)
CAZymes (1 time)
CMF (1 time)
2016 The expansion of brown rot disease throughout Bolivia: possible role of climate change.
91  Brusatol
(5 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
ROS (2 times)
BR-SMEDDS (1 time)
CAT (1 time)
2017 Characterization of brusatol self-microemulsifying drug delivery system and its therapeutic effect against dextran sodium sulfate-induced ulcerative colitis in mice.
92  butyl rubber
(5 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
PAHs (3 times)
Ace (1 time)
OCPs (1 time)
2009 Evaluation of butyl rubber as sorbent material for the removal of oil and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from seawater.
93  background retinopathy
(4 times)
Clinical Laboratory Techniques
(1 time)
PR (2 times)
APR (1 time)
CDGE (1 time)
1984 Platelet coagulant activities in diabetes mellitus. Evidence for relationship between platelet coagulant hyperactivity and platelet volume.
94  Bankart repair
(4 times)
Orthopedics
(4 times)
BRR (1 time)
HSD (1 time)
HSL (1 time)
2013 Combined arthroscopic Bankart repair and remplissage for recurrent shoulder instability.
95  basal resistance
(4 times)
Breeding
(1 time)
HR (2 times)
C4H (1 time)
GWAS (1 time)
2006 Characterisation of basal resistance (BR) by expression patterns of newly isolated representative genes in tobacco.
96  batch reactor
(4 times)
Chemistry
(2 times)
CSTR (3 times)
PFR (2 times)
CCU (1 time)
2000 Animal Guts as Ideal Chemical Reactors: Maximizing Absorption Rates.
97  bifunctional radiopharmaceuticals
(4 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(4 times)
DTS (5 times)
KTS (1 time)
1986 Search for 99mTc labeled DTS bifunctional radiopharmaceutical: role of functional groups in myocardial accumulation.
98  bifunctional rhodamine
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
CaM (2 times)
polTIRFM (2 times)
Cys (1 time)
2004 Bifunctional rhodamine probes of Myosin regulatory light chain orientation in relaxed skeletal muscle fibers.
99  binding region
(4 times)
Molecular Biology
(2 times)
PsrP (2 times)
DLL (1 time)
HBMEC (1 time)
1991 The N-Myc oncoprotein is associated in vivo with the phosphoprotein Max(p20/22) in human neuroblastoma cells.
100  biofilm reactor
(4 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
BER (2 times)
FISH (1 time)
gl (1 time)
2004 Detection, integration and persistence of aeromonads in water distribution pipe biofilms.