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Abbreviation: BS
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Long Form No. Long Form Research Area Co-occurring Abbreviation PubMed/MEDLINE Info. (Year, Title)
Bloom's syndrome
(285 times)
Neoplasms
(60 times)
SCE (43 times)
SCEs (26 times)
FA (25 times)
1978 [Photosensitization and DNA repair. Possible nosologic relationship between Xeroderma pigmentosum and Cockayne's syndrome].
bariatric surgery
(227 times)
Metabolism
(101 times)
BMI (42 times)
SG (21 times)
RYGB (13 times)
2003 The orexigram in patients affected by morbid obesity: a preliminary report on daily hunger sensation before bariatric surgery.
Brugada syndrome
(192 times)
Cardiology
(137 times)
ECG (46 times)
VF (32 times)
ICD (22 times)
1999 [Clinical characteristics, familial distribution and preliminary genetic data in 9 different families with "Brugada's syndrome"].
bone scintigraphy
(165 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(63 times)
MRI (33 times)
CT (27 times)
PET (17 times)
1981 Malignant external otitis: The diagnostic value of bone scintigraphy.
Behcet's syndrome
(160 times)
Rheumatology
(86 times)
HC (9 times)
RA (9 times)
AS (8 times)
1978 Immunological aspects of recurrent oral ulceration and Behcet's syndrome.
brain stem
(125 times)
Neurology
(35 times)
CB (28 times)
CC (16 times)
DA (13 times)
1976 The climbing fibers of the cerebellar cortex, their origin and pathways in cat.
bond strength
(111 times)
Dentistry
(70 times)
CHX (7 times)
SEM (6 times)
ANOVA (5 times)
1991 A simple method to quantify maturation of wound collagen.
bile salts
(98 times)
Gastroenterology
(31 times)
CH (11 times)
TC (10 times)
BSEP (9 times)
1975 Effects of meals and interruption of enterohepatic circulation on flow, lipid composition, and cholesterol saturation of bile in man after cholecystectomy.
bundle sheath
(96 times)
Botany
(55 times)
PEPC (6 times)
GDC (5 times)
PSII (4 times)
1987 The argentia mutation delays normal development of photosynthetic cell-types in Zea mays.
10  Bartter syndrome
(93 times)
Nephrology
(30 times)
GS (18 times)
NKCC2 (4 times)
eGFR (3 times)
1978 Bartter's syndrome without hyperplasia of the juxtaglomerular apparatus, treated with indomethacin.
11  blood sugar
(72 times)
Endocrinology
(12 times)
IRI (17 times)
FFA (7 times)
TG (6 times)
1975 Effect of physical exercise on secretion of growth hormone, glucagon, and cortisol in obese and diabetic children.
12  bone scan
(62 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(23 times)
CT (10 times)
PSA (10 times)
MRI (8 times)
1984 [Combined bone marrow and skeletal scintigraphy in osseous and myelogenous diseases].
13  broken-symmetry
(51 times)
Chemistry
(48 times)
DFT (20 times)
HS (8 times)
EPR (4 times)
2001 FeMo cofactor of nitrogenase: a density functional study of states M(N), M(OX), M(R), and M(I).
14  black smoke
(49 times)
Environmental Health
(31 times)
PM10 (7 times)
PEF (5 times)
CI (4 times)
1990 Childhood asthma and outdoor air pollution in Oporto area.
15  base station
(47 times)
Biosensing Techniques
(21 times)
WSNs (7 times)
WSN (5 times)
RF (4 times)
1998 Effects of heavy metal contamination on macronutrient availability and acidification parameters in forest soil in the vicinity of the Harjavalta Cu-Ni smelter, SW Finland.
16  Bjork-Shiley
(43 times)
General Surgery
(26 times)
SJM (13 times)
L-K (9 times)
SE (7 times)
1979 Aortic valve replacement. A randomized study comparing the Bjork-Shiley and Lillehei-Kaster disc valves. Late haemodynamics related to clinical results.
17  bleeding score
(42 times)
Hematology
(31 times)
VWD (19 times)
VWF (19 times)
CAL (4 times)
2000 The relationship between gingivitis and colonization by Porphyromonas gingivalis and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans in children.
18  burst suppression
(42 times)
Neurology
(16 times)
EEG (10 times)
aEEG (6 times)
BSR (4 times)
1986 Effect of insulin-induced hypoglycemia on the concentrations of glutamate and related amino acids and energy metabolites in the intact and decorticated rat neostriatum.
19  bone surface
(41 times)
Metabolism
(12 times)
BV (14 times)
Tb.Th (12 times)
Tb.N (8 times)
1983 Plasma levels of androgens and 17 alpha-OH-progesterone as an index of the adequacy of treatment in congenital adrenal hyperplasia.
20  biosurfactant
(34 times)
Biotechnology
(10 times)
BE (4 times)
TLC (4 times)
MEL (3 times)
2002 Bioremediation of gasoline contaminated soil by a bacterial consortium amended with poultry litter, coir pith and rhamnolipid biosurfactant.
21  Blau syndrome
(33 times)
Rheumatology
(11 times)
EOS (12 times)
CD (8 times)
NOD2 (6 times)
2004 Bupropion for Blau syndrome.
22  Brown Swiss
(32 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(25 times)
HO (15 times)
HF (7 times)
SI (5 times)
1986 Crossing beef x beef and beef x Brown Swiss: pregnancy rate, calf survival, weaning age and rate.
23  bovine serum
(28 times)
Cell Biology
(9 times)
FBS (4 times)
FCS (3 times)
G3PDH (3 times)
1975 Inhibitory effect of adult bovine serum on release of infectious Epstein-Barr virus from a virus-carrier cell line.
24  bulbospongiosus
(28 times)
Physiology
(8 times)
EMG (12 times)
IC (10 times)
CSP (6 times)
1975 Corpus spongiosum penis pressure and penile muscle activity in the stallion during coitus.
25  breeding season
(27 times)
Reproductive Medicine
(13 times)
NBS (11 times)
TAI (4 times)
PRL (3 times)
1985 Seasonal changes in LH secretion in normal ewes and ewes which grazed oestrogenic clover.
26  basic symptoms
(24 times)
Psychiatry
(20 times)
UHR (7 times)
SIPS (4 times)
APS (3 times)
1989 The concept of basic symptoms in schizophrenic and schizoaffective psychoses.
27  biliary stricture
(23 times)
Transplantation
(14 times)
LDLT (7 times)
OLT (5 times)
ERCP (4 times)
2003 Long-term results of percutaneous management for anastomotic biliary stricture after orthotopic liver transplantation.
28  binding sites
(22 times)
Biochemistry
(3 times)
bNAbs (2 times)
HIV-1 (2 times)
TCLA (2 times)
1985 Physical activity decreases the number of beta-adrenergic receptors on human lymphocytes.
29  blepharospasm
(22 times)
Neurology
(17 times)
HFS (8 times)
CD (3 times)
OMD (3 times)
1989 Facial dystonia: clinical features, prognosis and pharmacology in 31 patients.
30  burnout syndrome
(22 times)
Medicine
(8 times)
MBI (6 times)
DP (3 times)
EE (3 times)
2001 [Syndromes in environmental medicine: variants of somatoform disorders].
31  beta-sitosterol
(21 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
AD (4 times)
DHAA (2 times)
ER (2 times)
2005 Genotoxic and cytotoxic studies of beta-sitosterol and pteropodine in mouse.
32  Bohai Sea
(20 times)
Environmental Health
(16 times)
YS (8 times)
NYS (6 times)
SYS (4 times)
2010 Numerical investigation of nutrient limitations in the Bohai Sea.
33  bang-sensitive
(19 times)
Brain
(6 times)
SLA (5 times)
sda (4 times)
bss (3 times)
2001 Genetic suppression of seizure susceptibility in Drosophila.
34  Bishop score
(19 times)
Obstetrics
(13 times)
CL (5 times)
AOR (3 times)
CS (3 times)
1986 Induction of labor by intra-cervical PGE2 in viscous gel. Mechanism of action and clinical treatment routines.
35  blood serum
(19 times)
Ophthalmology
(4 times)
AH (3 times)
LF (3 times)
POAG (2 times)
1991 [Structural characteristics of dry blood serum of patients with arteriosclerosis after plasmapheresis].
36  bootstrap
(18 times)
Pharmacology
(6 times)
RSM-S (3 times)
SOM (3 times)
cp (2 times)
2003 Phylogenetic position and generic differentiation of Epithemateae (Gesneriaceae) inferred from plastid DNA sequence data.
37  Borg scale
(18 times)
Pulmonary Medicine
(9 times)
COPD (5 times)
TLD (4 times)
BLD (3 times)
1990 [Quantitative assessment of dyspnea by introducing new indices based on the Borg scale during exercise test and the correlation with parameters of pulmonary functions at rest].
38  blasticidin S
(17 times)
Biochemistry
(7 times)
BSD (9 times)
SDS-PAGE (2 times)
ACPH (1 time)
1990 Expression of the blasticidin S deaminase gene (bsr) in tobacco: fungicide tolerance and a new selective marker for transgenic plants.
39  benevolent sexism
(16 times)
Psychology
(11 times)
HS (10 times)
SDO (2 times)
AS (1 time)
2000 Beyond prejudice as simple antipathy: hostile and benevolent sexism across cultures.
40  barley straw
(15 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(4 times)
DM (3 times)
RDN (3 times)
BSA (2 times)
1983 Factors influencing the digestion of dietary carbohydrates between the mouth and abomasum of steers.
41  baroreflex sensitivity
(15 times)
Cardiology
(5 times)
BP (6 times)
Ang II (3 times)
HR (2 times)
1985 Similarities and differences in the effects of verapamil, diltiazem and nifedipine on arterial baroreflexes of anesthetized cats.
42  benzene sulfonate
(15 times)
Environmental Health
(6 times)
NS (3 times)
TOC (3 times)
TS (3 times)
1971 Bacterial metabolism of arylsulfonates. I. Benzene sulfonate as growth substrate for Pseudomonas testosteroni H-8.
43  blood stasis
(15 times)
Complementary Therapies
(12 times)
CHD (3 times)
QD (3 times)
BSQ (2 times)
1993 [Changes in oxygen free radical and prostacyclin in thromboangiitis obliterans and its relationship with syndrome differentiation].
44  bone size
(15 times)
Metabolism
(7 times)
BMD (3 times)
DXA (2 times)
GWAS (2 times)
2003 Quantitative genetic study of radiographic hand bone size and geometry.
45  branch site
(15 times)
Molecular Biology
(9 times)
snRNP (2 times)
3'ss (1 time)
BBP (1 time)
2001 Sequences upstream of the branch site are required to form helix II between U2 and U6 snRNA in a trans-splicing reaction.
46  bamboo salt
(14 times)
Medicine
(6 times)
IL (5 times)
TNF (4 times)
AR (3 times)
2005 Effects of sanguinaria in fluoride-containing dentifrices on the remineralisation of subsurface carious lesion in vitro.
47  bisulfite sequencing
(14 times)
Molecular Biology
(3 times)
MSP (4 times)
DAC (3 times)
CRC (2 times)
2007 The use of multiple displacement amplified DNA as a control for methylation specific PCR, pyrosequencing, bisulfite sequencing and methylation-sensitive restriction enzyme PCR.
48  back squat
(13 times)
Physical Fitness
(5 times)
BP (6 times)
CMJ (3 times)
PP (3 times)
2012 Effects of unilateral and bilateral lower-body heavy resistance exercise on muscle activity and testosterone responses.
49  biostimulation
(13 times)
Environmental Health
(9 times)
BA (5 times)
NA (4 times)
TPH (4 times)
2007 Monitoring of microbial diversity and activity during bioremediation of crude oil-contaminated soil with different treatments.
50  bisulfite
(12 times)
Biochemistry
(2 times)
5mC (6 times)
5hmC (5 times)
oxBS (4 times)
1987 Peripheral neurotoxicity of 2-chloroprocaine and bisulfite in the cat.
51  Brier score
(12 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
AUC (5 times)
CVD (3 times)
IDI (2 times)
2011 Cancer prognosis using support vector regression in imaging modality.
52  bronchial secretions
(12 times)
Drug Therapy
(3 times)
BAL (4 times)
BM (2 times)
CT (2 times)
1983 Antibodies against Aspergillus fumigatus in bronchial secretions from patients without aspergillosis.
53  bachelor of science
(11 times)
Education
(8 times)
GPA (2 times)
MS (2 times)
US (2 times)
1999 Nursing careers for the homeless: a curriculum for success.
54  band sharing
(11 times)
Veterinary Medicine
(7 times)
RAPD (2 times)
RAPD-PCR (2 times)
BF (1 time)
1995 Random amplified polymorphic DNA comparisons among broiler lines selected for incidence of tibial dyschondroplasia.
55  beam splitter
(11 times)
Ophthalmology
(7 times)
BSM (1 time)
CCD (1 time)
CDLWR (1 time)
1974 Instrumentation optimization in fourier spectroscopy. 1: far infrared beam splitters.
56  Bloch-Siegert
(11 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(11 times)
CPMG (3 times)
RF (2 times)
SAR (2 times)
2012 Fast CPMG-based Bloch-Siegert B(1)+ mapping.
57  Boredom Susceptibility
(11 times)
Psychology
(3 times)
Dis (8 times)
ES (7 times)
TAS (5 times)
1988 Sensation-seeking and traumatic spinal cord injury: case-control study.
58  Boswellia serrata
(11 times)
Drug Therapy
(1 time)
Aa (1 time)
AOM (1 time)
AOM/DSS (1 time)
1996 Special extract of BOSWELLIA serrata (H 15) in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.
59  bowel sounds
(11 times)
Biomedical Engineering
(3 times)
GI (3 times)
BPNN (1 time)
CTT (1 time)
2000 Enhancement of bowel sounds by wavelet-based filtering.
60  Bruck syndrome
(11 times)
Genetics, Medical
(5 times)
OI (6 times)
AR-OI (2 times)
AD (1 time)
1999 Defective collagen crosslinking in bone, but not in ligament or cartilage, in Bruck syndrome: indications for a bone-specific telopeptide lysyl hydroxylase on chromosome 17.
61  bursting strength
(11 times)
General Surgery
(8 times)
BAR (2 times)
Cal (1 time)
CLSL (1 time)
1985 Accelerated wound healing with stapled enteric suture lines. An experimental study comparing traditional sewing techniques and a stapling device.
62  biliary sludge
(10 times)
Gastroenterology
(4 times)
UDCA (2 times)
BL (1 time)
BP (1 time)
1998 Biliary sludge: a well defined sonographic entity.
63  body surface area
(10 times)
Anatomy
(1 time)
BMI (3 times)
BW (3 times)
BMD (2 times)
1987 Does testosterone influence the post-stimulatory levels of calcitonin in normal men?
64  bone sarcomas
(10 times)
Neoplasms
(4 times)
STS (8 times)
HR (2 times)
HILP-TM (1 time)
1993 The interscapulothoracic amputation in the treatment of malignant diseases of the upper extremity with a review of the literature.
65  bone substitute
(10 times)
Dentistry
(9 times)
AA (4 times)
NMT (4 times)
AB (3 times)
2005 Differential growth factor retention by platelet-rich plasma composites.
66  background suppression
(9 times)
Diagnostic Imaging
(4 times)
ASL (7 times)
pCASL (6 times)
SNR (3 times)
2011 Background suppression in arterial spin labeling MRI with a separate neck labeling coil.
67  biliary stent
(9 times)
Gastroenterology
(3 times)
ERCP (3 times)
FIAI (2 times)
IL (2 times)
1999 Role of fluconazole in the long-term suppressive therapy of fungal infections in patients with artificial implants.
68  Bispyribac sodium
(9 times)
Botany
(5 times)
ALS (6 times)
PC (2 times)
BSM (1 time)
2007 A novel mutated acetolactate synthase gene conferring specific resistance to pyrimidinyl carboxy herbicides in rice.
69  blood glucose
(9 times)
Endocrinology
(2 times)
BUN (2 times)
CTR (2 times)
DN (2 times)
1978 The acute pharmacologic effects of serotonin on the release of insulin and glucagon in the intact rat.
70  blood samples
(9 times)
Neoplasms
(2 times)
CK (2 times)
MD (2 times)
AIF (1 time)
1996 PCR enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for diagnosis of leishmaniasis in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients.
71  background subtraction
(8 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(4 times)
MDF (3 times)
HRMS (2 times)
AMBIPR (1 time)
2008 Effects of background substraction on differential kidney function measured by static scintigraphy with DMSA and dynamic scintigraphy with MAG 3.
72  Beighton score
(8 times)
Athletic Injuries
(1 time)
GJH (2 times)
BJHS (1 time)
BS-self (1 time)
2004 Hypermobility syndrome in 105 women with pure urinary stress incontinence and in 105 controls.
73  bismuth sulfite
(8 times)
Chemistry Techniques, Analytical
(5 times)
HE (6 times)
XLD (6 times)
BG (5 times)
1977 ICMSF methods studies. IX. The influence of selective enrichment broths, differential planting media, and incubation temperatues on the detection of Salmonella in dried foods and feed ingredients.
74  bowel sonography
(8 times)
Gastroenterology
(7 times)
CD (8 times)
BWT (4 times)
PSR (3 times)
2004 Small bowel Crohn's disease: comparison of enteroclysis, bowel sonography and Tc-99m-HMPAO leukocyte scintigraphy.
75  brassinosteroids
(8 times)
Biochemistry
(6 times)
CKs (1 time)
EBL (1 time)
ESI (1 time)
2002 Synthesis of hexadeuterated 23-dehydroxybrassinosteroids.
76  breakfast skipping
(8 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(5 times)
HP (3 times)
NP (3 times)
LNDE (2 times)
2010 The addition of a protein-rich breakfast and its effects on acute appetite control and food intake in 'breakfast-skipping' adolescents.
77  British Standard
(8 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
ISO (2 times)
RMS (2 times)
TSSs (1 time)
1992 Quality assurance: using BS 5750 in health care settings.
78  backscattering
(7 times)
Biophysics
(2 times)
DT (2 times)
ADH (1 time)
AFM (1 time)
1994 Backscattering and transmission through a high Z interface as a measure of electron beam energy.
79  bacterial spot
(7 times)
Molecular Biology
(4 times)
BW (1 time)
flg22 (1 time)
FW (1 time)
2004 Transgenic tomato plants expressing the Arabidopsis NPR1 gene display enhanced resistance to a spectrum of fungal and bacterial diseases.
80  bare stent
(7 times)
Vascular Diseases
(3 times)
CS (3 times)
CLI (2 times)
DEB (2 times)
2001 Nonbiodegradable expanded polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stent implantation in porcine peripheral arteries: histologic evaluation of vascular wall response compared with uncoated stents.
81  Biotin synthase
(7 times)
Biochemistry
(5 times)
AdoMet (3 times)
DTB (3 times)
ACCase (1 time)
1989 Cloning of the biotin synthetase gene from Bacillus sphaericus and expression in Escherichia coli and Bacilli.
82  body sway
(7 times)
Substance-Related Disorders
(1 time)
BMI (1 time)
CFF (1 time)
CRT (1 time)
1990 [Effects of optokinetic stimulation on head movement and body sway of children].
83  bone scanning
(7 times)
Neoplasms
(3 times)
LUS (2 times)
BM (1 time)
CEA (1 time)
1989 A rational postoperative follow-up with carcinoembryonic antigen, tissue polypeptide antigen, and urinary hydroxyproline in breast cancer patients.
84  Bonner sphere
(7 times)
Nuclear Medicine
(6 times)
IRSN (2 times)
KAERI (2 times)
TEPC (2 times)
2004 Characterisation of the IRSN CANEL/T400 facility producing realistic neutron fields for calibration and test purposes.
85  bulbospongiosus muscle
(7 times)
Pharmacology
(3 times)
EMG (3 times)
i.t (3 times)
SVP (3 times)
1992 Erectile function and bulbospongiosus EMG activity in estrogen-maintained castrated rats vary with behavioral context.
86  burn serum
(7 times)
General Surgery
(3 times)
NS (3 times)
STF (2 times)
ALI (1 time)
1999 [Changes of PMN apoptosis in rabbits after burn].
87  burst-spiking
(7 times)
Neurology
(5 times)
FS (4 times)
LS (4 times)
RS (4 times)
1997 GABAergic cell subtypes and their synaptic connections in rat frontal cortex.
88  ballistic stretching
(6 times)
Physical Education and Training
(3 times)
SS (3 times)
CMJ (2 times)
NS (2 times)
1985 Improvement of muscle flexibility. A comparison between two techniques.
89  bandsharing value
(6 times)
AJ (1 time)
CAH (1 time)
CM (1 time)
2014 Genetic distances of three mollusk species investigated by PCR analysis.
90  bare soil
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(2 times)
NPV (2 times)
pv (2 times)
AKL (1 time)
2014 Safe-site effects on rhizosphere bacterial communities in a high-altitude alpine environment.
91  Barthel Scale
(6 times)
Environmental Exposure
(1 time)
GOS (2 times)
AHF (1 time)
AMTS (1 time)
2001 Management outcome for ruptured anterior circulation aneurysms with a Hunt and Hess clinical grade of III in patients in the 9th decade of life.
92  bilateral salpingectomy
(6 times)
Gynecology
(5 times)
CI (2 times)
AOR (1 time)
BSO (1 time)
2014 Opportunistic salpingectomy: uptake, risks, and complications of a regional initiative for ovarian cancer prevention.
93  biosolids
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(5 times)
SBL (2 times)
ACT (1 time)
AL (1 time)
2004 Biosorption of phenol from aqueous solution by biosolids.
94  black soybean
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(4 times)
Ab (1 time)
AM (1 time)
GL (1 time)
2008 Black soybean promotes the formation of active components with antihepatoma activity in the fermentation product of Agaricus blazei.
95  Braden Scale
(6 times)
Nursing
(4 times)
PU (2 times)
AD (1 time)
HAPU (1 time)
2000 Pressure ulcer risk assessment in long-term care nursing.
96  broccoli sprouts
(6 times)
Nutritional Sciences
(2 times)
AS (2 times)
SFN (2 times)
CSS (1 time)
2011 Broccoli ( Brassica oleracea var. italica) sprouts and extracts rich in glucosinolates and isothiocyanates affect cholesterol metabolism and genes involved in lipid homeostasis in hamsters.
97  brucellar spondylitis
(6 times)
Medicine
(2 times)
MRI (2 times)
PS (2 times)
TS (2 times)
2001 [Differences between tuberculous spondylitis and brucellar spondylitis].
98  bulk soil
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(3 times)
RS (3 times)
AWD (1 time)
BW (1 time)
2015 [Respiration from density fractions of two cultivated soils and its temperature sensitivity].
99  bumetanide-sensitive
(6 times)
Physiology
(3 times)
BI (1 time)
BR (1 time)
ClD (1 time)
1990 Kinetics of red cell Na+ and K+ transport in Prague hypertensive rats.
100  burst size
(6 times)
Environmental Health
(4 times)
BN (1 time)
Chl a (1 time)
ENU (1 time)
1998 Analytical issues in the evaluation of food deprivation and sucrose concentration effects on the microstructure of licking behavior in the rat.